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Android Comms Test Suite

ACTS is a python-based test framework that is designed to be lightweight, pluggable, and easy to use. It initializes equipment and services associated to a test run, provides those resources to test classes, executes test cases, and generates test reports.

ACTS follows the Google Open-source Python Style Guide, and it is recommended for all new test cases.

ACTS Execution Flow Overview

Below is a high level view of the ACTS flow:

  1. Read configuration files
  2. Create controllers
  3. Sequentially execute test classes
  1. Destroy controllers

Preparing an Android Device

Allow USB Debugging

USB debugging must be enabled before a device can take commands from adb. To enable USB debugging, first enable developer mode.

  1. Go to Settings->About phone
  2. Tap Build number repeatedly until “You're a developer now” is displayed.

In developer mode:

  1. Plug the device into a computer (host)
  2. Run $adb devices
  • A pop-up asking to allow the host to access the android device may be displayed. Check the “Always” box and click “Yes”.

ACTS Setup

  1. ACTS requires three python dependencies:
  • Python3.4
  • The setuptools package
  • The pyserial package
  1. From the ACTS directory, run setup
  • $ sudo python3 develop

After installation, and will be in usr/bin and can be called as command line utilities. Components in ACTS are importable under the package “acts.” in Python3.4, for example:

$ python3
>>> from acts.controllers import android_device
>>> device_list = android_device.get_all_instances()

Verifying Setup

To verify the host and device are ready, from the frameworks folder run:

  • $ -c sample_config.json -tb SampleTestBed -tc SampleTest

If the above command executed successfully, the ouput should look something similar to following:

[SampleTestBed] 07-22 15:23:50.323 INFO ==========> SampleTest <==========
[SampleTestBed] 07-22 15:23:50.327 INFO [Test Case] test_make_toast
[SampleTestBed] 07-22 15:23:50.334 INFO [Test Case] test_make_toast PASS
[SampleTestBed] 07-22 15:23:50.338 INFO Summary for test class SampleTest:
Requested 1, Executed 1, Passed 1, Failed 0, Skipped 0
[SampleTestBed] 07-22 15:23:50.338 INFO Summary for test run
SampleTestBed@07-22-2015_1-23-44-096: Requested 1, Executed 1, Passed 1,
Failed 0, Skipped 0

By default, all logs are saved in /tmp/logs

Breaking Down the Example

Below are the components of the command run for the SampleTest:

  • is the script that runs the test
  • -c sample_config: is the flag and name of the configuration file to be used in the test
  • -tb StampleTestBed: is the flag and name of the test bed to be used
  • -tc SampleTest: is the name of the test case

Configuration Files

To run tests, required information must be provided via a json-formatted text file. The required information includes a list of testbed configs. Each specifies the hardware, services, the path to the logs directory, and a list of paths where the python test case files are located. Below are the contents of a sample configuration file:

{   "_description": "This is an example skeleton test configuration file.",
            "_description": "Sample testbed with no devices",
            "name": "SampleTestBed"
    "logpath": "/tmp/logs",
    "testpaths": ["../tests/sample"],
    "custom_param1": {"favorite_food": "Icecream!"}

The testpaths and logpath keys may alternately be supplied via the execution environment though the ACTS_TESTPATHS and ACTS_LOGPATH keys respectively. To specify multiple test paths, the key should follow standard a ‘:’-delimited format. Explicit keys in a configuration file will override any defaults provided by the environment.

Test Class

Test classes are instantiated with a dictionary of “controllers”. The controllers dictionary contains all resources provided to the test class and are created based on the provided configuration file.

Test classes must also contain an iterable member self.tests that lists the test case names within the class. More on this is discussed after the following code snippet.

from acts.base_test import BaseTestClass

class SampleTest(BaseTestClass):

    def __init__(self, controllers):
        BaseTestClass.__init__(self, controllers)
        self.tests = (

    def test_make_toast(self):
        for ad in self.android_devices:
            ad.droid.makeToast("Hello World.")
        return True

By default all test cases listed in a Test Class's self.tests will be run. Using the syntax below will override the default behavior by executing only specific tests within a test class.

The following will run a single test, test_make_toast: $ -c sample_config.txt -tb SampleTestBed -tc SampleTest:test_make_toast

Multiple tests may be specified with a comma-delimited list. The following will execute test_make_toast and test_make_bagel:

  • $ -c sample_config.txt -tb SampleTestBed -tc SampleTest:test_make_toast,test_make_bagel