Bug: 125060076

Clone this repo:
  1. 1811984 RS temporarily uses sphal namespace by Kiyoung Kim · 6 days ago main master
  2. 8a21670 Merge changes I555f71b4,I7de92572 into main by Treehugger Robot · 2 weeks ago
  3. 80f50ee Make WriteConfig methods const by Jooyung Han · 3 weeks ago
  4. 4b693fb Remove VNDK-ext examples by Kiyoung Kim · 2 weeks ago
  5. c321cfc doc: added a section about public.libraries.txt by Jooyung Han · 3 weeks ago



Linkerconfig is a program to generate linker configuration based on the runtime environment. Linkerconfig generates one or more ld.config.txt files and some other files under /linkerconfig during init. Linker will read this generated configuration file(s) to find out link relationship between libraries and executable.


TODO: explain inputs (e.g. /system/etc/public.libraries.txt, /apex/apex-info-list.xml, ..)


Linker configuration file can be used to add extra information while linkerconfig creates linker configuration with the module. This module can be defined as linker_config from Soong, and it will be translated as protobuf file at build time.

A linker configuration file(linker.config.json) is compiled into a protobuf at build time by conv_linker_config. You can find the compiled file under <base>/etc/linker.config.pb. For example, /apex/com.android.art/etc/linker.config.pb is a configuration for the com.android.art APEX.

/system/etc/linker.config.pb(or its source module system_linker_config) is special because its provideLibs key is generated at build time.


linker.config.json file is in json format which can contain properties as below.

Property NameTypeDescriptionAllowed module
permittedPathsListAdditional permitted pathsAPEX
visibleboolForce APEX namespace to be visible from all sections if the value is trueAPEX
provideLibsListLibraries providing from the moduleSystem
requireLibsListLibraries required from the moduleSystem


APEX module
    "permittedPaths" : [ "/a", "/b/c", "/d/e/f"],
    "visible": true
    "provideLibs" : [ "a.so", "b.so", "c.so" ],
    "requireLibs" : [ "foo.so", "bar.so", "baz.so" ]


linkerconfig reads both /system/etc/public.libraries.txt and /vendor/etc/public.libraries.txt to identify libraries that are provided by APEX and accessible from apps via libnativeloader.

linkerconfig generates apex.libraries.config.txt file which lists public libraries provided APEX. libnativeloader, then, links those libraries from classloader-namespace to providing APEXes.


/linkerconfig/ld.config.txt & /linkerconfig/*/ld.config.txt

TODO: a few words about the files

Check ld.config.format.md.


The file describes libraries exposed from APEXes. libnativeloader is the main consumer of this file.

# comment line
jni com_android_foo libfoo_jni.so
public com_android_bar libbar.so:libbaz.so

The file is line-based and each line consists of tag apex_namespace library_list.

  • tag explains what library_list is.
  • apex_namespace is the namespace of the apex. Note that it is mangled like com_android_foo for the APEX(“com.android.foo”).
  • library_list is colon-separated list of library names.
    • if tag is jni, library_list is the list of JNI libraries exposed by apex_namespace.
    • if tag is public, library_list is the list of public libraries exposed by apex_namespace. Here, public libraries are the libs listed in /system/etc/public.libraries.txt.