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page.title=Showing Information in Watch Faces
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<h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
<li><a href="#Experience">Create a Compelling Experience</a></li>
<li><a href="#AddData">Add Data to Your Watch Face</a></li>
<h2>You should also read</h2>
<li><a href="{@docRoot}design/wear/watchfaces.html">Watch Faces for Android Wear</a></li>
<p>In addition to telling time, Android Wear devices provide users with contextually relevant
information in the form of cards, notifications, and other wearable apps. Creating a custom
watch face not only gives you the opportunity to tell time in visually compelling ways, but
also to show users relevant information whenever they glance at their device.</p>
<p>Like any other wearable app, your watch face can communicate with apps running on the handheld
device using the <a href="{@docRoot}training/wearables/data-layer/index.html">Wearable Data Layer
API</a>. In some cases, you need to create an activity in the handheld app module of your project
that retrieves data from the Internet or from the user's profile and then shares it with your
watch face.</p>
<img src="{@docRoot}training/wearables/watch-faces/images/Render_Saturn.png"
width="200" height="196" alt="" style="margin-top:12px;margin-left:-20px"/>
<img src="{@docRoot}training/wearables/watch-faces/images/Render_Episode.png"
width="200" height="196" alt="" style="margin-top:12px;margin-left:-25px"/>
<p class="img-caption">
<strong>Figure 1.</strong> Examples of watch faces with integrated data.</p>
<h2 id="Experience">Create a Compelling Experience</h2>
<p>Before you design and implement a contextually-aware watch face, answer the following
<li>What kind of data do you want to incorporate?</li>
<li>Where can you obtain this data?</li>
<li>How often does the data change significantly?</li>
<li>How can you present the data such that users understand it at a glance?</li>
<p>Android Wear devices are usually paired with a companion device that has a GPS sensor and
cellular connectivity, so you have endless possibilities to integrate different kinds of data
in your watch face, such as location, calendar events, social media trends, picture feeds, stock
market quotes, news events, sports scores, and so on. However, not all kinds of data are
appropriate for a watch face, so you should consider what kinds of data are most relevant to
your users throughout the day. Your watch face should also gracefully handle the case where the
wearable is not paired with a companion device or when an Internet connection is not available.</p>
<p>The active watch face on an Android Wear device is an app that runs continuously, so you
must retrieve data in a battery-efficient manner. For example, you can obtain the current
weather every ten minutes and store the results locally, instead of requesting an update every
minute. You can also refresh contextual data when the device switches from ambient to interactive
mode, since the user is more likely to glance at the watch when this transition occurs.</p>
<p>You should summarize contextual information on your watch face, since there is limited
space available on the screen and users just glance at their watch for a second or two at a
time. Sometimes the best way to convey contextual information is to react to it using graphics
and colors. For example, a watch face could change its background image depending on the current
<h2 id="AddData">Add Data to Your Watch Face</h2>
<div style="float:right;margin-left:20px">
<img src="{@docRoot}training/wearables/watch-faces/images/preview_calendar.png"
width="180" height="180" alt="" style="margin-left:10px;margin-top:10px"/>
<p class="img-caption"><strong>Figure 2.</strong> The calendar watch face.</p>
<p>The <em>WatchFace</em> sample in the Android SDK demonstrates how to obtain calendar data
from the user’s profile in the <code>CalendarWatchFaceService</code> class and shows how many
meetings there are in the following twenty-four hours. This sample is located in the
<code>android-sdk/samples/android-21/wearable/WatchFace</code> directory.</p>
<p>To implement a watch face that incorporates contextual data, follow these steps:</p>
<li>Provide a task that retrieves the data.</li>
<li>Create a custom timer to invoke your task periodically, or notify your watch face service
when external data changes.</li>
<li>Redraw your watch face with the updated data.</li>
<p>The following sections describe these steps in detail.</p>
<h3 id="Task">Provide a task to retrieve data</h3>
<p>Create a class inside your <code>CanvasWatchFaceService.Engine</code> implementation that
extends {@link android.os.AsyncTask} and add the code to retrieve the data you’re interested
<p>The <code>CalendarWatchFaceService</code> class obtains the number of meetings in the next
day as follows:</p>
/* Asynchronous task to load the meetings from the content provider and
* report the number of meetings back using onMeetingsLoaded() */
private class LoadMeetingsTask extends AsyncTask&lt;Void, Void, Integer> {
protected Integer doInBackground(Void... voids) {
long begin = System.currentTimeMillis();
Uri.Builder builder =
ContentUris.appendId(builder, begin);
ContentUris.appendId(builder, begin + DateUtils.DAY_IN_MILLIS);
final Cursor cursor = getContentResolver() .query(,
null, null, null, null);
int numMeetings = cursor.getCount();
if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.VERBOSE)) {
Log.v(TAG, "Num meetings: " + numMeetings);
return numMeetings;
protected void onPostExecute(Integer result) {
/* get the number of meetings and set the next timer tick */
<p>The <code>WearableCalendarContract</code> class from the Wearable Support Library provides
direct access to the user's calendar events from the companion device.</p>
<p>When the task finishes retrieving data, your code invokes a callback method. The following
sections describe how to implement the callback method in detail.</p>
<p>For more information about obtaining data from the calendar, see the <a
href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/providers/calendar-provider.html">Calendar Provider</a> API
<h3 id="Timer">Create a custom timer</h3>
<p>You can implement a custom timer that ticks periodically to update your data.
The <code>CalendarWatchFaceService</code> class uses a {@link android.os.Handler} instance
that sends and processes delayed messages using the thread's message queue:</p>
private class Engine extends CanvasWatchFaceService.Engine {
int mNumMeetings;
private AsyncTask&lt;Void, Void, Integer> mLoadMeetingsTask;
/* Handler to load the meetings once a minute in interactive mode. */
final Handler mLoadMeetingsHandler = new Handler() {
public void handleMessage(Message message) {
switch (message.what) {
mLoadMeetingsTask = new LoadMeetingsTask();
<p>This method initializes the timer when the watch face becomes visible:</p>
public void onVisibilityChanged(boolean visible) {
if (visible) {
} else {
<p>The next timer tick is set in the <code>onMeetingsLoaded()</code> method, as shown in the next
<h3 id="Redraw">Redraw your watch face with the updated data</h3>
<p>When the task that retrieves your data finishes, call the <code>invalidate()</code> method
so the system redraws your watch face. Store your data inside member variables of the
<code>Engine</code> class so you can access it inside the <code>onDraw()</code> method.</p>
<p>The <code>CalendarWatchFaceService</code> class provides a callback method for the task to
invoke when it finishes retrieving calendar data:</p>
private void onMeetingsLoaded(Integer result) {
if (result != null) {
mNumMeetings = result;
if (isVisible()) {
<p>The callback method stores the result in a member variable, invalidates the view, and
schedules the next timer tick to run the task again.</p>