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/*--- Create/destroy signal delivery frames. ---*/
/*--- sigframe-ppc64-linux.c ---*/
This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
Copyright (C) 2000-2013 Nicholas Nethercote
Copyright (C) 2004-2013 Paul Mackerras
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.
The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.
#if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
#include "pub_core_basics.h"
#include "pub_core_vki.h"
#include "pub_core_vkiscnums.h"
#include "pub_core_libcsetjmp.h" // to keep _threadstate.h happy
#include "pub_core_threadstate.h"
#include "pub_core_aspacemgr.h"
#include "pub_core_libcbase.h"
#include "pub_core_libcassert.h"
#include "pub_core_libcprint.h"
#include "pub_core_machine.h"
#include "pub_core_options.h"
#include "pub_core_sigframe.h"
#include "pub_core_signals.h"
#include "pub_core_tooliface.h"
#include "pub_core_trampoline.h"
#include "pub_core_transtab.h" // VG_(discard_translations)
#include "priv_sigframe.h"
/* This module creates and removes signal frames for signal deliveries
on ppc64-linux.
Note, this file contains kernel-specific knowledge in the form of
'struct sigframe' and 'struct rt_sigframe'. How does that relate
to the vki kernel interface stuff?
Either a 'struct sigframe' or a 'struct rtsigframe' is pushed
onto the client's stack. This contains a subsidiary
vki_ucontext. That holds the vcpu's state across the signal,
so that the sighandler can mess with the vcpu state if it
really wants.
FIXME: sigcontexting is basically broken for the moment. When
delivering a signal, the integer registers and %eflags are
correctly written into the sigcontext, however the FP and SSE state
is not. When returning from a signal, only the integer registers
are restored from the sigcontext; the rest of the CPU state is
restored to what it was before the signal.
This will be fixed.
/*--- Signal frame layouts ---*/
// A structure in which to save the application's registers
// during the execution of signal handlers.
// On ppc64-linux, rt_sigframe is used for all signals.
// In theory, so long as we get the arguments to the handler function
// right, it doesn't matter what the exact layout of the rest of the
// frame is. Unfortunately, things like gcc's exception unwinding
// make assumptions about the locations of various parts of the frame,
// so we need to duplicate it exactly.
/* Many of these byzantine details derived from
linux-2.6.13/arch/ppc64/kernel/signal.c */
#define TRAMP_SIZE 6 /* who knows why - it only needs to be 2. */
/* Structure containing bits of information that we want to save
on signal delivery. */
struct vg_sig_private {
UInt magicPI;
UInt sigNo_private;
ULong _unused; /* makes the struct size be zero % 16 */
VexGuestPPC64State vex_shadow1;
VexGuestPPC64State vex_shadow2;
/* Structure put on stack for all signal handlers. */
struct rt_sigframe {
struct vki_ucontext uc;
ULong _unused[2];
UInt tramp[TRAMP_SIZE];
struct vki_siginfo* pinfo;
void* puc;
vki_siginfo_t info;
struct vg_sig_private priv;
UChar abigap[288]; // unused
#define SET_SIGNAL_LR(zztst, zzval) \
do { tst->arch.vex.guest_LR = (zzval); \
VG_TRACK( post_reg_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tst->tid, \
offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_LR), \
sizeof(UWord) ); \
} while (0)
#define SET_SIGNAL_GPR(zztst, zzn, zzval) \
do { tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR##zzn = (zzval); \
VG_TRACK( post_reg_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tst->tid, \
offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_GPR##zzn), \
sizeof(UWord) ); \
} while (0)
void VG_(sigframe_create)( ThreadId tid,
Addr sp_top_of_frame,
const vki_siginfo_t *siginfo,
const struct vki_ucontext *siguc,
void *handler,
UInt flags,
const vki_sigset_t *mask,
void *restorer )
struct vg_sig_private* priv;
Addr sp;
ThreadState* tst;
Int sigNo = siginfo->si_signo;
/* Addr faultaddr; */ /* UNUSED */
struct rt_sigframe* frame;
/* Stack must be 16-byte aligned */
vg_assert(VG_IS_16_ALIGNED(sizeof(struct vg_sig_private)));
vg_assert(VG_IS_16_ALIGNED(sizeof(struct rt_sigframe)));
sp_top_of_frame &= ~0xf;
sp = sp_top_of_frame - sizeof(struct rt_sigframe);
tst = VG_(get_ThreadState)(tid);
if (! ML_(sf_maybe_extend_stack)(tst, sp, sp_top_of_frame - sp, flags))
frame = (struct rt_sigframe *) sp;
/* clear it (conservatively) */
VG_(memset)(frame, 0, sizeof(*frame));
frame->pinfo = &frame->info;
frame->puc = &frame->uc;
frame->uc.uc_flags = 0;
frame->uc.uc_link = 0;
/* Set up the stack chain pointer */
VG_TRACK( pre_mem_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tid, "signal handler frame",
sp, sizeof(UWord) );
*(Addr *)sp = tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR1;
VG_TRACK( post_mem_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tid,
sp, sizeof(UWord) );
faultaddr = (Addr)siginfo->_sifields._sigfault._addr;
if (sigNo == VKI_SIGILL && siginfo->si_code > 0)
faultaddr = tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA;
VG_(memcpy)(&frame->info, siginfo, sizeof(*siginfo));
VG_TRACK( post_mem_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tid,
(Addr)&frame->info, sizeof(frame->info) );
frame->uc.uc_flags = 0;
frame->uc.uc_link = 0;
frame->uc.uc_stack = tst->altstack;
frame->uc.uc_sigmask = tst->sig_mask;
VG_TRACK( post_mem_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tid,
(Addr)(&frame->uc), sizeof(frame->uc) );
# define DO(gpr) frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_R0+gpr] \
= tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR##gpr
DO(0); DO(1); DO(2); DO(3); DO(4); DO(5); DO(6); DO(7);
DO(8); DO(9); DO(10); DO(11); DO(12); DO(13); DO(14); DO(15);
DO(16); DO(17); DO(18); DO(19); DO(20); DO(21); DO(22); DO(23);
DO(24); DO(25); DO(26); DO(27); DO(28); DO(29); DO(30); DO(31);
# undef DO
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_NIP] = tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA;
#ifdef VGP_ppc64le_linux
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_MSR] = 0xf033; /* pretty arbitrary */
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_MSR] = 0xf032; /* pretty arbitrary */
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_ORIG_R3] = tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR3;
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_CTR] = tst->arch.vex.guest_CTR;
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_LNK] = tst->arch.vex.guest_LR;
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_XER] = LibVEX_GuestPPC64_get_XER(
frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_CCR] = LibVEX_GuestPPC64_get_CR(
//mc->mc_gregs[VKI_PT_MQ] = 0;
//mc->mc_gregs[VKI_PT_TRAP] = 0;
//mc->mc_gregs[VKI_PT_DAR] = fault_addr;
//mc->mc_gregs[VKI_PT_DSISR] = 0;
//mc->mc_gregs[VKI_PT_RESULT] = 0;
/* XXX should do FP and vector regs */
/* set up signal return trampoline */
/* NB. 5 Sept 07. mc->mc_pad[0..1] used to contain a the code to
which the signal handler returns, and it just did sys_sigreturn
or sys_rt_sigreturn. But this doesn't work if the stack is
non-executable, and it isn't consistent with the x86-linux and
amd64-linux scheme for removing the stack frame. So instead be
consistent and use a stub in m_trampoline. Then it doesn't
matter whether or not the (guest) stack is executable. This
fixes #149519 and #145837. */
frame->tramp[0] = 0; /* invalid */
frame->tramp[1] = 0; /* invalid */
VG_TRACK(post_mem_write, Vg_CoreSignal, tst->tid,
(Addr)&frame->tramp, sizeof(frame->tramp));
/* invalidate any translation of this area */
VG_(discard_translations)( (Addr)&frame->tramp[0],
sizeof(frame->tramp), "stack_mcontext" );
/* set the signal handler to return to the trampoline */
SET_SIGNAL_LR(tst, (Addr)&VG_(ppc64_linux_SUBST_FOR_rt_sigreturn));
/* Stack pointer for the handler .. (note, back chain set
earlier) */
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 1, sp);
/* Args for the handler .. */
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 3, sigNo);
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 4, (Addr) &frame->info);
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 5, (Addr) &frame->uc);
/* the kernel sets this, though it doesn't seem to be in the ABI */
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 6, (Addr) &frame->info);
/* Handler is in fact a standard ppc64-linux function descriptor,
so extract the function entry point and also the toc ptr to use. */
#if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux)
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 2, (Addr) ((ULong*)handler)[1]);
tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA = (Addr) ((ULong*)handler)[0];
SET_SIGNAL_GPR(tid, 12, (Addr) handler);
tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA = (Addr) handler;
priv = &frame->priv;
priv->magicPI = 0x31415927;
priv->sigNo_private = sigNo;
priv->vex_shadow1 = tst->arch.vex_shadow1;
priv->vex_shadow2 = tst->arch.vex_shadow2;
if (0)
VG_(printf)("pushed signal frame; %%R1 now = %#lx, "
"next %%CIA = %#llx, status=%d\n",
sp, tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA, tst->status);
/*--- Destroying signal frames ---*/
void VG_(sigframe_destroy)( ThreadId tid, Bool isRT )
ThreadState *tst;
struct vg_sig_private *priv;
Addr sp;
UInt frame_size;
struct rt_sigframe *frame;
Int sigNo;
Bool has_siginfo = isRT;
tst = VG_(get_ThreadState)(tid);
/* Check that the stack frame looks valid */
sp = tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR1;
/* JRS 17 Nov 05: This code used to check that *sp -- which should
have been set by the stwu at the start of the handler -- points
to just above the frame (ie, the previous frame). However, that
isn't valid when delivering signals on alt stacks. So I removed
it. The frame is still sanity-checked using the priv->magicPI
field. */
frame = (struct rt_sigframe *)sp;
frame_size = sizeof(*frame);
priv = &frame->priv;
vg_assert(priv->magicPI == 0x31415927);
tst->sig_mask = frame->uc.uc_sigmask;
tst->tmp_sig_mask = tst->sig_mask;
sigNo = priv->sigNo_private;
# define DO(gpr) tst->arch.vex.guest_GPR##gpr \
= frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_R0+gpr]
DO(0); DO(1); DO(2); DO(3); DO(4); DO(5); DO(6); DO(7);
DO(8); DO(9); DO(10); DO(11); DO(12); DO(13); DO(14); DO(15);
DO(16); DO(17); DO(18); DO(19); DO(20); DO(21); DO(22); DO(23);
DO(24); DO(25); DO(26); DO(27); DO(28); DO(29); DO(30); DO(31);
# undef DO
tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA = frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_NIP];
LibVEX_GuestPPC64_put_CR( frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_CCR],
&tst->arch.vex );
tst->arch.vex.guest_LR = frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_LNK];
tst->arch.vex.guest_CTR = frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_CTR];
LibVEX_GuestPPC64_put_XER( frame->uc.uc_mcontext.gp_regs[VKI_PT_XER],
&tst->arch.vex );
tst->arch.vex_shadow1 = priv->vex_shadow1;
tst->arch.vex_shadow2 = priv->vex_shadow2;
VG_TRACK(die_mem_stack_signal, sp, frame_size);
if (VG_(clo_trace_signals))
"vg_pop_signal_frame (thread %d): isRT=%d "
"valid magic; EIP=%#llx\n",
tid, has_siginfo, tst->arch.vex.guest_CIA);
/* tell the tools */
VG_TRACK( post_deliver_signal, tid, sigNo );
#endif // defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
/*--- end ---*/