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Installing libpng
On Unix/Linux and similar systems, you can simply type
./configure [--prefix=/path]
make check
make install
and ignore the rest of this document.
If configure does not work on your system, or if you have a need to
change or, and you have a reasonably
up-to-date set of tools, running ./ in a git clone before
running ./configure may fix the problem. To be really sure that you
aren't using any of the included pre-built scripts, you can do this:
./configure --enable-maintainer-mode
make maintainer-clean
./ --maintainer --clean
./ --maintainer
./configure [--prefix=/path] [other options]
make install
make check
Instead, you can use one of the custom-built makefiles in the
"scripts" directory
cp scripts/makefile.system makefile
make test
make install
The files that are presently available in the scripts directory
are listed and described in scripts/README.txt.
Or you can use one of the "projects" in the "projects" directory.
Before installing libpng, you must first install zlib, if it
is not already on your system. zlib can usually be found
wherever you got libpng. zlib can be placed in another directory,
at the same level as libpng.
If your system already has a preinstalled zlib you will still need
to have access to the zlib.h and zconf.h include files that
correspond to the version of zlib that's installed.
If you wish to test with a particular zlib that is not first in the
standard library search path, put ZLIBLIB, ZLIBINC, CPPFLAGS, LDFLAGS,
and LD_LIBRARY_PATH in your environment before running "make test"
or "make distcheck":
ZLIBLIB=/path/to/lib export ZLIBLIB
ZLIBINC=/path/to/include export ZLIBINC
If you are using one of the makefile scripts, put ZLIBLIB and ZLIBINC
in your environment and type "make ZLIBLIB=$ZLIBLIB ZLIBINC=$ZLIBINC test".
If you want to use "cmake" (see, type
make install
You can rename the directories that you downloaded (they
might be called "libpng-x.y.z" or "libpngNN" and "zlib-1.2.7"
or "zlib127") so that you have directories called "zlib" and "libpng".
Your directory structure should look like this:
.. (the parent directory)
libpng (this directory)
INSTALL (this file)
CMakeLists.txt => "cmake" script
configuration files:, configure,,,, config.guess,, missing,,, aclocal.m4,, config.sub,
depcomp, install-sh, mkinstalldirs,
*.def (module definition files)
If the line endings in the files look funny, you may wish to get the other
distribution of libpng. It is available in both tar.gz (UNIX style line
endings) and zip (DOS style line endings) formats.
If you are building libpng with MSVC, you can enter the
libpng projects\visualc6 or visualc71 directory and follow the instructions
in README.txt.
Otherwise enter the zlib directory and follow the instructions in zlib/README,
then come back here and run "configure" or choose the appropriate
makefile.sys in the scripts directory.
Copy the file (or files) that you need from the
scripts directory into this directory, for example
MSDOS example: copy scripts\makefile.msc makefile
UNIX example: cp scripts/makefile.std makefile
Read the makefile to see if you need to change any source or
target directories to match your preferences.
Then read pnglibconf.dfa to see if you want to make any configuration
Then just run "make" which will create the libpng library in
this directory and "make test" which will run a quick test that reads
the "pngtest.png" file and writes a "pngout.png" file that should be
identical to it. Look for "9782 zero samples" in the output of the
test. For more confidence, you can run another test by typing
"pngtest pngnow.png" and looking for "289 zero samples" in the output.
Also, you can run "pngtest -m contrib/pngsuite/*.png" and compare
your output with the result shown in contrib/pngsuite/README.
Most of the makefiles will allow you to run "make install" to
put the library in its final resting place (if you want to
do that, run "make install" in the zlib directory first if necessary).
Some also allow you to run "make test-installed" after you have
run "make install".
Further information can be found in the README and libpng-manual.txt
files, in the individual makefiles, in png.h, and the manual pages
libpng.3 and png.5.
Using the ./configure script -- 16 December 2002.
The ./configure script should work compatibly with what scripts/makefile.*
did, however there are some options you might need to add to configure
explicitly, which previously was done semi-automatically (if you didn't edit
scripts/makefile.* yourself, that is)
CFLAGS="-Wall -O -funroll-loops \
-malign-loops=2 -malign-functions=2" ./configure --prefix=/usr/include \
--with-pkgconfigdir=/usr/lib/pkgconfig --includedir=/usr/include
You can alternatively specify --includedir=/usr/include, /usr/local/include,
/usr/include/libpng%NN%, or whatever.
If you find that the configure script is out-of-date or is not supporting
your platform properly, try running to regenerate "configure",
"", and the other configuration files. Then try configure again.