blob: 109b29a1601890a391fd1de1c4e3d089ffded832 [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python
"""Generates config files for Android file system properties.
This script is used for generating configuration files for configuring
Android filesystem properties. Internally, its composed of a plug-able
interface to support the understanding of new input and output parameters.
Run the help for a list of supported plugins and their capabilities.
Further documentation can be found in the README.
import argparse
import ConfigParser
import ctypes
import re
import sys
import textwrap
# Keep the tool in one file to make it easy to run.
# pylint: disable=too-many-lines
# Lowercase generator used to be inline with @staticmethod.
class generator(object): # pylint: disable=invalid-name
"""A decorator class to add commandlet plugins.
Used as a decorator to classes to add them to
the internal plugin interface. Plugins added
with @generator() are automatically added to
the command line.
For instance, to add a new generator
called foo and have it added just do this:
class FooGen(object):
_generators = {}
def __init__(self, gen):
gen (str): The name of the generator to add.
ValueError: If there is a similarly named generator already added.
self._gen = gen
if gen in generator._generators:
raise ValueError('Duplicate generator name: ' + gen)
generator._generators[gen] = None
def __call__(self, cls):
generator._generators[self._gen] = cls()
return cls
def get():
"""Gets the list of generators.
The list of registered generators.
return generator._generators
class Utils(object):
"""Various assorted static utilities."""
def in_any_range(value, ranges):
"""Tests if a value is in a list of given closed range tuples.
A range tuple is a closed range. That means it's inclusive of its
start and ending values.
value (int): The value to test.
range [(int, int)]: The closed range list to test value within.
True if value is within the closed range, false otherwise.
return any(lower <= value <= upper for (lower, upper) in ranges)
def get_login_and_uid_cleansed(aid):
"""Returns a passwd/group file safe logon and uid.
This checks that the logon and uid of the AID do not
contain the delimiter ":" for a passwd/group file.
aid (AID): The aid to check
logon, uid of the AID after checking its safe.
ValueError: If there is a delimiter charcter found.
logon = aid.friendly
uid = aid.normalized_value
if ':' in uid:
raise ValueError(
'Cannot specify delimiter character ":" in uid: "%s"' % uid)
if ':' in logon:
raise ValueError(
'Cannot specify delimiter character ":" in logon: "%s"' %
return logon, uid
class AID(object):
"""This class represents an Android ID or an AID.
identifier (str): The identifier name for a #define.
value (str) The User Id (uid) of the associate define.
found (str) The file it was found in, can be None.
normalized_value (str): Same as value, but base 10.
friendly (str): The friendly name of aid.
# Some of the AIDS like AID_MEDIA_EX had names like mediaex
# list a map of things to fixup until we can correct these
# at a later date.
'media_drm': 'mediadrm',
'media_ex': 'mediaex',
'media_codec': 'mediacodec'
def __init__(self, identifier, value, found, login_shell):
identifier: The identifier name for a #define <identifier>.
value: The value of the AID, aka the uid.
found (str): The file found in, not required to be specified.
login_shell (str): The shell field per man (5) passwd file.
ValueError: if the friendly name is longer than 31 characters as
that is bionic's internal buffer size for name.
ValueError: if value is not a valid string number as processed by
int(x, 0)
self.identifier = identifier
self.value = value
self.found = found
self.login_shell = login_shell
self.normalized_value = str(int(value, 0))
except ValueError:
raise ValueError(
'Invalid "value", not aid number, got: \"%s\"' % value)
# Where we calculate the friendly name
friendly = identifier[len(AID.PREFIX):].lower()
self.friendly = AID._fixup_friendly(friendly)
if len(self.friendly) > 31:
raise ValueError(
'AID names must be under 32 characters "%s"' % self.friendly)
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.identifier == other.identifier \
and self.value == other.value and self.found == other.found \
and self.normalized_value == other.normalized_value \
and self.login_shell == other.login_shell
def is_friendly(name):
"""Determines if an AID is a freindly name or C define.
For example if name is AID_SYSTEM it returns false, if name
was system, it would return true.
True if name is a friendly name False otherwise.
return not name.startswith(AID.PREFIX)
def _fixup_friendly(friendly):
"""Fixup friendly names that historically don't follow the convention.
friendly (str): The friendly name.
The fixedup friendly name as a str.
if friendly in AID._FIXUPS:
return AID._FIXUPS[friendly]
return friendly
class FSConfig(object):
"""Represents a filesystem config array entry.
Represents a file system configuration entry for specifying
file system capabilities.
mode (str): The mode of the file or directory.
user (str): The uid or #define identifier (AID_SYSTEM)
group (str): The gid or #define identifier (AID_SYSTEM)
caps (str): The capability set.
path (str): The path of the file or directory.
filename (str): The file it was found in.
def __init__(self, mode, user, group, caps, path, filename):
mode (str): The mode of the file or directory.
user (str): The uid or #define identifier (AID_SYSTEM)
group (str): The gid or #define identifier (AID_SYSTEM)
caps (str): The capability set as a list.
path (str): The path of the file or directory.
filename (str): The file it was found in.
self.mode = mode
self.user = user = group
self.caps = caps
self.path = path
self.filename = filename
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.mode == other.mode and self.user == other.user \
and == and self.caps == other.caps \
and self.path == other.path and self.filename == other.filename
def __repr__(self):
return 'FSConfig(%r, %r, %r, %r, %r, %r)' % (self.mode, self.user,, self.caps,
self.path, self.filename)
class CapabilityHeaderParser(object):
"""Parses capability.h file
Parses a C header file and extracts lines starting with #define CAP_<name>.
_CAP_DEFINE = re.compile(r'\s*#define\s+(CAP_\S+)\s+(\S+)')
def __init__(self, capability_header):
capability_header (str): file name for the header file containing AID entries.
self.caps = {}
with open(capability_header) as open_file:
def _parse(self, capability_file):
"""Parses a capability header file. Internal use only.
capability_file (file): The open capability header file to parse.
for line in capability_file:
match = CapabilityHeaderParser._CAP_DEFINE.match(line)
if match:
cap =
value =
if not cap in self._SKIP_CAPS:
self.caps[cap] = int(value, 0)
except ValueError:
sys.exit('Could not parse capability define "%s":"%s"'
% (cap, value))
class AIDHeaderParser(object):
"""Parses an android_filesystem_config.h file.
Parses a C header file and extracts lines starting with #define AID_<name>
while capturing the OEM defined ranges and ignoring other ranges. It also
skips some hardcoded AIDs it doesn't need to generate a mapping for.
It provides some basic sanity checks. The information extracted from this
file can later be used to sanity check other things (like oem ranges) as
well as generating a mapping of names to uids. It was primarily designed to
parse the private/android_filesystem_config.h, but any C header should
re.compile(r'%sUNUSED[0-9].*' % AID.PREFIX),
re.compile(r'%sAPP' % AID.PREFIX),
re.compile(r'%sUSER' % AID.PREFIX)
_AID_DEFINE = re.compile(r'\s*#define\s+%s.*' % AID.PREFIX)
_OEM_RANGE = re.compile('%sOEM_RESERVED_[0-9]*_{0,1}(%s|%s)' %
# AID lines cannot end with _START or _END, ie AID_FOO is OK
# but AID_FOO_START is skiped. Note that AID_FOOSTART is NOT skipped.
def __init__(self, aid_header):
aid_header (str): file name for the header
file containing AID entries.
self._aid_header = aid_header
self._aid_name_to_value = {}
self._aid_value_to_name = {}
self._oem_ranges = {}
with open(aid_header) as open_file:
except ValueError as exception:
sys.exit('Error processing parsed data: "%s"' % (str(exception)))
def _parse(self, aid_file):
"""Parses an AID header file. Internal use only.
aid_file (file): The open AID header file to parse.
for lineno, line in enumerate(aid_file):
def error_message(msg):
"""Creates an error message with the current parsing state."""
# pylint: disable=cell-var-from-loop
return 'Error "{}" in file: "{}" on line: {}'.format(
msg, self._aid_header, str(lineno))
if AIDHeaderParser._AID_DEFINE.match(line):
chunks = line.split()
identifier = chunks[1]
value = chunks[2]
if any(
for x in AIDHeaderParser._SKIP_AIDS):
if AIDHeaderParser._is_oem_range(identifier):
self._handle_oem_range(identifier, value)
elif not any(
for x in AIDHeaderParser._AID_SKIP_RANGE):
self._handle_aid(identifier, value)
except ValueError as exception:
error_message('{} for "{}"'.format(
exception, identifier)))
def _handle_aid(self, identifier, value):
"""Handle an AID C #define.
Handles an AID, sanity checking, generating the friendly name and
adding it to the internal maps. Internal use only.
identifier (str): The name of the #define identifier. ie AID_FOO.
value (str): The value associated with the identifier.
ValueError: With message set to indicate the error.
aid = AID(identifier, value, self._aid_header, '/system/bin/sh')
# duplicate name
if aid.friendly in self._aid_name_to_value:
raise ValueError('Duplicate aid "%s"' % identifier)
if value in self._aid_value_to_name and aid.identifier not in AIDHeaderParser._COLLISION_OK:
raise ValueError(
'Duplicate aid value "%s" for %s' % (value, identifier))
self._aid_name_to_value[aid.friendly] = aid
self._aid_value_to_name[value] = aid.friendly
def _handle_oem_range(self, identifier, value):
"""Handle an OEM range C #define.
When encountering special AID defines, notably for the OEM ranges
this method handles sanity checking and adding them to the internal
maps. For internal use only.
identifier (str): The name of the #define identifier.
value (str): The value associated with the identifier.
ValueError: With message set to indicate the error.
int_value = int(value, 0)
except ValueError:
raise ValueError(
'Could not convert "%s" to integer value, got: "%s"' %
(identifier, value))
is_start = identifier.endswith(AIDHeaderParser._OEM_START_KW)
if is_start:
tostrip = len(AIDHeaderParser._OEM_START_KW)
tostrip = len(AIDHeaderParser._OEM_END_KW)
# ending _
tostrip = tostrip + 1
strip = identifier[:-tostrip]
if strip not in self._oem_ranges:
self._oem_ranges[strip] = []
if len(self._oem_ranges[strip]) > 2:
raise ValueError('Too many same OEM Ranges "%s"' % identifier)
if len(self._oem_ranges[strip]) == 1:
tmp = self._oem_ranges[strip][0]
if tmp == int_value:
raise ValueError('START and END values equal %u' % int_value)
elif is_start and tmp < int_value:
raise ValueError(
'END value %u less than START value %u' % (tmp, int_value))
elif not is_start and tmp > int_value:
raise ValueError(
'END value %u less than START value %u' % (int_value, tmp))
# Add START values to the head of the list and END values at the end.
# Thus, the list is ordered with index 0 as START and index 1 as END.
if is_start:
self._oem_ranges[strip].insert(0, int_value)
def _process_and_check(self):
"""Process, check and populate internal data structures.
After parsing and generating the internal data structures, this method
is responsible for sanity checking ALL of the acquired data.
ValueError: With the message set to indicate the specific error.
# tuplefy the lists since range() does not like them mutable.
self._oem_ranges = [
AIDHeaderParser._convert_lst_to_tup(k, v)
for k, v in self._oem_ranges.iteritems()
# Check for overlapping ranges
for i, range1 in enumerate(self._oem_ranges):
for range2 in self._oem_ranges[i + 1:]:
if AIDHeaderParser._is_overlap(range1, range2):
raise ValueError("Overlapping OEM Ranges found %s and %s" %
(str(range1), str(range2)))
# No core AIDs should be within any oem range.
for aid in self._aid_value_to_name:
if Utils.in_any_range(aid, self._oem_ranges):
name = self._aid_value_to_name[aid]
raise ValueError(
'AID "%s" value: %u within reserved OEM Range: "%s"' %
(name, aid, str(self._oem_ranges)))
def oem_ranges(self):
"""Retrieves the OEM closed ranges as a list of tuples.
A list of closed range tuples: [ (0, 42), (50, 105) ... ]
return self._oem_ranges
def aids(self):
"""Retrieves the list of found AIDs.
A list of AID() objects.
return self._aid_name_to_value.values()
def _convert_lst_to_tup(name, lst):
"""Converts a mutable list to a non-mutable tuple.
Used ONLY for ranges and thus enforces a length of 2.
lst (List): list that should be "tuplefied".
ValueError if lst is not a list or len is not 2.
if not lst or len(lst) != 2:
raise ValueError('Mismatched range for "%s"' % name)
return tuple(lst)
def _is_oem_range(aid):
"""Detects if a given aid is within the reserved OEM range.
aid (int): The aid to test
True if it is within the range, False otherwise.
return AIDHeaderParser._OEM_RANGE.match(aid)
def _is_overlap(range_a, range_b):
"""Calculates the overlap of two range tuples.
A range tuple is a closed range. A closed range includes its endpoints.
Note that python tuples use () notation which collides with the
mathematical notation for open ranges.
range_a: The first tuple closed range eg (0, 5).
range_b: The second tuple closed range eg (3, 7).
True if they overlap, False otherwise.
return max(range_a[0], range_b[0]) <= min(range_a[1], range_b[1])
class FSConfigFileParser(object):
"""Parses a config.fs ini format file.
This class is responsible for parsing the config.fs ini format files.
It collects and checks all the data in these files and makes it available
for consumption post processed.
# These _AID vars work together to ensure that an AID section name
# cannot contain invalid characters for a C define or a passwd/group file.
# Since _AID_PREFIX is within the set of _AID_MATCH the error logic only
# checks end, if you change this, you may have to update the error
# detection code.
_AID_MATCH = re.compile('%s[A-Z0-9_]+' % AID.PREFIX)
_AID_ERR_MSG = 'Expecting upper case, a number or underscore'
# list of handler to required options, used to identify the
# parsing section
_SECTIONS = [('_handle_aid', ('value', )),
('_handle_path', ('mode', 'user', 'group', 'caps'))]
def __init__(self, config_files, oem_ranges):
config_files ([str]): The list of config.fs files to parse.
Note the filename is not important.
oem_ranges ([(),()]): range tuples indicating reserved OEM ranges.
self._files = []
self._dirs = []
self._aids = []
self._seen_paths = {}
# (name to file, value to aid)
self._seen_aids = ({}, {})
self._oem_ranges = oem_ranges
self._config_files = config_files
for config_file in self._config_files:
def _parse(self, file_name):
"""Parses and verifies config.fs files. Internal use only.
file_name (str): The config.fs (PythonConfigParser file format)
file to parse.
Anything raised by
# Separate config parsers for each file found. If you use
# read(filenames...) later files can override earlier files which is
# not what we want. Track state across files and enforce with
# _handle_dup(). Note, strict ConfigParser is set to true in
# Python >= 3.2, so in previous versions same file sections can
# override previous
# sections.
config = ConfigParser.ConfigParser()
for section in config.sections():
found = False
for test in FSConfigFileParser._SECTIONS:
handler = test[0]
options = test[1]
if all([config.has_option(section, item) for item in options]):
handler = getattr(self, handler)
handler(file_name, section, config)
found = True
if not found:
sys.exit('Invalid section "%s" in file: "%s"' % (section,
# sort entries:
# * specified path before prefix match
# ** ie foo before f*
# * lexicographical less than before other
# ** ie boo before foo
# Given these paths:
# paths=['ac', 'a', 'acd', 'an', 'a*', 'aa', 'ac*']
# The sort order would be:
# paths=['a', 'aa', 'ac', 'acd', 'an', 'ac*', 'a*']
# Thus the fs_config tools will match on specified paths before
# attempting prefix, and match on the longest matching prefix.
# sort on value of (file_name, name, value, strvalue)
# This is only cosmetic so AIDS are arranged in ascending order
# within the generated file.
self._aids.sort(key=lambda item: item.normalized_value)
def _handle_aid(self, file_name, section_name, config):
"""Verifies an AID entry and adds it to the aid list.
Calls sys.exit() with a descriptive message of the failure.
file_name (str): The filename of the config file being parsed.
section_name (str): The section name currently being parsed.
config (ConfigParser): The ConfigParser section being parsed that
the option values will come from.
def error_message(msg):
"""Creates an error message with current parsing state."""
return '{} for: "{}" file: "{}"'.format(msg, section_name,
FSConfigFileParser._handle_dup_and_add('AID', file_name, section_name,
match = FSConfigFileParser._AID_MATCH.match(section_name)
invalid = match.end() if match else len(AID.PREFIX)
if invalid != len(section_name):
tmp_errmsg = ('Invalid characters in AID section at "%d" for: "%s"'
% (invalid, FSConfigFileParser._AID_ERR_MSG))
value = config.get(section_name, 'value')
if not value:
sys.exit(error_message('Found specified but unset "value"'))
aid = AID(section_name, value, file_name, '/vendor/bin/sh')
except ValueError as exception:
# Values must be within OEM range
if not Utils.in_any_range(int(aid.value, 0), self._oem_ranges):
emsg = '"value" not in valid range %s, got: %s'
emsg = emsg % (str(self._oem_ranges), value)
# use the normalized int value in the dict and detect
# duplicate definitions of the same value
'AID', file_name, aid.normalized_value, self._seen_aids[1])
# Append aid tuple of (AID_*, base10(value), _path(value))
# We keep the _path version of value so we can print that out in the
# generated header so investigating parties can identify parts.
# We store the base10 value for sorting, so everything is ascending
# later.
def _handle_path(self, file_name, section_name, config):
"""Add a file capability entry to the internal list.
Handles a file capability entry, verifies it, and adds it to
to the internal dirs or files list based on path. If it ends
with a / its a dir. Internal use only.
Calls sys.exit() on any validation error with message set.
file_name (str): The current name of the file being parsed.
section_name (str): The name of the section to parse.
config (str): The config parser.
FSConfigFileParser._handle_dup_and_add('path', file_name, section_name,
mode = config.get(section_name, 'mode')
user = config.get(section_name, 'user')
group = config.get(section_name, 'group')
caps = config.get(section_name, 'caps')
errmsg = ('Found specified but unset option: \"%s" in file: \"' +
file_name + '\"')
if not mode:
sys.exit(errmsg % 'mode')
if not user:
sys.exit(errmsg % 'user')
if not group:
sys.exit(errmsg % 'group')
if not caps:
sys.exit(errmsg % 'caps')
caps = caps.split()
tmp = []
for cap in caps:
# test if string is int, if it is, use as is.
int(cap, 0)
except ValueError:
tmp.append('CAP_' + cap.upper())
caps = tmp
if len(mode) == 3:
mode = '0' + mode
int(mode, 8)
except ValueError:
sys.exit('Mode must be octal characters, got: "%s"' % mode)
if len(mode) != 4:
sys.exit('Mode must be 3 or 4 characters, got: "%s"' % mode)
caps_str = ','.join(caps)
entry = FSConfig(mode, user, group, caps_str, section_name, file_name)
if section_name[-1] == '/':
def files(self):
"""Get the list of FSConfig file entries.
a list of FSConfig() objects for file paths.
return self._files
def dirs(self):
"""Get the list of FSConfig dir entries.
a list of FSConfig() objects for directory paths.
return self._dirs
def aids(self):
"""Get the list of AID entries.
a list of AID() objects.
return self._aids
def _file_key(fs_config):
"""Used as the key paramter to sort.
This is used as a the function to the key parameter of a sort.
it wraps the string supplied in a class that implements the
appropriate __lt__ operator for the sort on path strings. See
StringWrapper class for more details.
fs_config (FSConfig): A FSConfig entry.
A StringWrapper object
# Wrapper class for custom prefix matching strings
class StringWrapper(object):
"""Wrapper class used for sorting prefix strings.
The algorithm is as follows:
- specified path before prefix match
- ie foo before f*
- lexicographical less than before other
- ie boo before foo
Given these paths:
paths=['ac', 'a', 'acd', 'an', 'a*', 'aa', 'ac*']
The sort order would be:
paths=['a', 'aa', 'ac', 'acd', 'an', 'ac*', 'a*']
Thus the fs_config tools will match on specified paths before
attempting prefix, and match on the longest matching prefix.
def __init__(self, path):
path (str): the path string to wrap.
self.is_prefix = path[-1] == '*'
if self.is_prefix:
self.path = path[:-1]
self.path = path
def __lt__(self, other):
# if were both suffixed the smallest string
# is 'bigger'
if self.is_prefix and other.is_prefix:
result = len(self.path) > len(other.path)
# If I am an the suffix match, im bigger
elif self.is_prefix:
result = False
# If other is the suffix match, he's bigger
elif other.is_prefix:
result = True
# Alphabetical
result = self.path < other.path
return result
return StringWrapper(fs_config.path)
def _handle_dup_and_add(name, file_name, section_name, seen):
"""Tracks and detects duplicates. Internal use only.
Calls sys.exit() on a duplicate.
name (str): The name to use in the error reporting. The pretty
name for the section.
file_name (str): The file currently being parsed.
section_name (str): The name of the section. This would be path
or identifier depending on what's being parsed.
seen (dict): The dictionary of seen things to check against.
if section_name in seen:
dups = '"' + seen[section_name] + '" and '
dups += file_name
sys.exit('Duplicate %s "%s" found in files: %s' %
(name, section_name, dups))
seen[section_name] = file_name
class BaseGenerator(object):
"""Interface for Generators.
Base class for generators, generators should implement
these method stubs.
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
"""Used to add per-generator options to the command line.
opt_group (argument group object): The argument group to append to.
See the ArgParse docs for more details.
raise NotImplementedError("Not Implemented")
def __call__(self, args):
"""This is called to do whatever magic the generator does.
args (dict): The arguments from ArgParse as a dictionary.
ie if you specified an argument of foo in add_opts, access
it via args['foo']
raise NotImplementedError("Not Implemented")
class FSConfigGen(BaseGenerator):
"""Generates the android_filesystem_config.h file.
Output is used in generating fs_config_files and fs_config_dirs.
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
BaseGenerator.__init__(args, kwargs)
self._oem_parser = None
self._base_parser = None
self._friendly_to_aid = None
self._id_to_aid = None
self._capability_parser = None
self._partition = None
self._all_partitions = None
self._out_file = None
self._generate_files = False
self._generate_dirs = False
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
'fsconfig', nargs='+', help='The list of fsconfig files to parse')
help='An android_filesystem_config.h file'
' to parse AIDs and OEM Ranges from')
help='A capability.h file to parse capability defines from')
help='Partition to generate contents for')
help='Comma separated list of all possible partitions, used to'
' ignore these partitions when generating the output for the system partition'
'--files', action='store_true', help='Output fs_config_files')
'--dirs', action='store_true', help='Output fs_config_dirs')
opt_group.add_argument('--out_file', required=True, help='Output file')
def __call__(self, args):
self._capability_parser = CapabilityHeaderParser(
self._base_parser = AIDHeaderParser(args['aid_header'])
self._oem_parser = FSConfigFileParser(args['fsconfig'],
self._partition = args['partition']
self._all_partitions = args['all_partitions']
self._out_file = args['out_file']
self._generate_files = args['files']
self._generate_dirs = args['dirs']
if self._generate_files and self._generate_dirs:
sys.exit('Only one of --files or --dirs can be provided')
if not self._generate_files and not self._generate_dirs:
sys.exit('One of --files or --dirs must be provided')
base_aids = self._base_parser.aids
oem_aids = self._oem_parser.aids
# Detect name collisions on AIDs. Since friendly works as the
# identifier for collision testing and we need friendly later on for
# name resolution, just calculate and use friendly.
# {aid.friendly: aid for aid in base_aids}
base_friendly = {aid.friendly: aid for aid in base_aids}
oem_friendly = {aid.friendly: aid for aid in oem_aids}
base_set = set(base_friendly.keys())
oem_set = set(oem_friendly.keys())
common = base_set & oem_set
if common:
emsg = 'Following AID Collisions detected for: \n'
for friendly in common:
base = base_friendly[friendly]
oem = oem_friendly[friendly]
emsg += (
'Identifier: "%s" Friendly Name: "%s" '
'found in file "%s" and "%s"' %
(base.identifier, base.friendly, base.found, oem.found))
self._friendly_to_aid = oem_friendly
self._id_to_aid = {aid.identifier: aid for aid in base_aids}
self._id_to_aid.update({aid.identifier: aid for aid in oem_aids})
def _to_fs_entry(self, fs_config, out_file):
"""Converts an FSConfig entry to an fs entry.
Writes the fs_config contents to the output file.
Calls sys.exit() on error.
fs_config (FSConfig): The entry to convert to write to file.
file (File): The file to write to.
# Get some short names
mode = fs_config.mode
user = fs_config.user
group =
caps = fs_config.caps
path = fs_config.path
emsg = 'Cannot convert "%s" to identifier!'
# convert mode from octal string to integer
mode = int(mode, 8)
# remap names to values
if AID.is_friendly(user):
if user not in self._friendly_to_aid:
sys.exit(emsg % user)
user = self._friendly_to_aid[user].value
if user not in self._id_to_aid:
sys.exit(emsg % user)
user = self._id_to_aid[user].value
if AID.is_friendly(group):
if group not in self._friendly_to_aid:
sys.exit(emsg % group)
group = self._friendly_to_aid[group].value
if group not in self._id_to_aid:
sys.exit(emsg % group)
group = self._id_to_aid[group].value
caps_dict = self._capability_parser.caps
caps_value = 0
# test if caps is an int
caps_value = int(caps, 0)
except ValueError:
caps_split = caps.split(',')
for cap in caps_split:
if cap not in caps_dict:
sys.exit('Unkonwn cap "%s" found!' % cap)
caps_value += 1 << caps_dict[cap]
path_length_with_null = len(path) + 1
path_length_aligned_64 = (path_length_with_null + 7) & ~7
# 16 bytes of header plus the path length with alignment
length = 16 + path_length_aligned_64
length_binary = bytearray(ctypes.c_uint16(length))
mode_binary = bytearray(ctypes.c_uint16(mode))
user_binary = bytearray(ctypes.c_uint16(int(user, 0)))
group_binary = bytearray(ctypes.c_uint16(int(group, 0)))
caps_binary = bytearray(ctypes.c_uint64(caps_value))
path_binary = ctypes.create_string_buffer(path,
def _emit_entry(self, fs_config):
"""Returns a boolean whether or not to emit the input fs_config"""
path = fs_config.path
if self._partition == 'system':
if not self._all_partitions:
return True
for skip_partition in self._all_partitions.split(','):
if path.startswith(skip_partition) or path.startswith(
'system/' + skip_partition):
return False
return True
if path.startswith(
self._partition) or path.startswith('system/' +
return True
return False
def _generate(self):
"""Generates an OEM android_filesystem_config.h header file to stdout.
files ([FSConfig]): A list of FSConfig objects for file entries.
dirs ([FSConfig]): A list of FSConfig objects for directory
aids ([AIDS]): A list of AID objects for Android Id entries.
dirs = self._oem_parser.dirs
files = self._oem_parser.files
if self._generate_files:
with open(self._out_file, 'wb') as open_file:
for fs_config in files:
if self._emit_entry(fs_config):
self._to_fs_entry(fs_config, open_file)
if self._generate_dirs:
with open(self._out_file, 'wb') as open_file:
for dir_entry in dirs:
if self._emit_entry(dir_entry):
self._to_fs_entry(dir_entry, open_file)
class AIDArrayGen(BaseGenerator):
"""Generates the android_id static array."""
_GENERATED = ('/*\n'
' */')
_INCLUDE = '#include <private/android_filesystem_config.h>'
# Note that the android_id name field is of type 'const char[]' instead of
# 'const char*'. While this seems less straightforward as we need to
# calculate the max length of all names, this allows the entire android_ids
# table to be placed in .rodata section instead of section,
# resulting in less memory pressure.
_STRUCT_FS_CONFIG = textwrap.dedent("""
struct android_id_info {
const char name[%d];
unsigned aid;
_OPEN_ID_ARRAY = 'static const struct android_id_info android_ids[] = {'
_ID_ENTRY = ' { "%s", %s },'
_COUNT = ('#define android_id_count \\\n'
' (sizeof(android_ids) / sizeof(android_ids[0]))')
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
'hdrfile', help='The android_filesystem_config.h'
'file to parse')
def __call__(self, args):
hdr = AIDHeaderParser(args['hdrfile'])
max_name_length = max(len(aid.friendly) + 1 for aid in hdr.aids)
print AIDArrayGen._GENERATED
print AIDArrayGen._INCLUDE
print AIDArrayGen._STRUCT_FS_CONFIG % max_name_length
print AIDArrayGen._OPEN_ID_ARRAY
for aid in hdr.aids:
print AIDArrayGen._ID_ENTRY % (aid.friendly, aid.identifier)
print AIDArrayGen._COUNT
class OEMAidGen(BaseGenerator):
"""Generates the OEM AID_<name> value header file."""
_GENERATED = ('/*\n'
' */')
_GENERIC_DEFINE = "#define %s\t%s"
_FILE_COMMENT = '// Defined in file: \"%s\"'
# Intentional trailing newline for readability.
'#define GENERATED_OEM_AIDS_H_\n')
_FILE_ENDIF = '#endif'
def __init__(self):
self._old_file = None
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
'fsconfig', nargs='+', help='The list of fsconfig files to parse.')
help='An android_filesystem_config.h file'
'to parse AIDs and OEM Ranges from')
def __call__(self, args):
hdr_parser = AIDHeaderParser(args['aid_header'])
parser = FSConfigFileParser(args['fsconfig'], hdr_parser.oem_ranges)
for aid in parser.aids:
def _print_aid(self, aid):
"""Prints a valid #define AID identifier to stdout.
aid to print
# print the source file location of the AID
found_file = aid.found
if found_file != self._old_file:
print OEMAidGen._FILE_COMMENT % found_file
self._old_file = found_file
print OEMAidGen._GENERIC_DEFINE % (aid.identifier, aid.value)
class PasswdGen(BaseGenerator):
"""Generates the /etc/passwd file per man (5) passwd."""
def __init__(self):
self._old_file = None
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
'fsconfig', nargs='+', help='The list of fsconfig files to parse.')
help='An android_filesystem_config.h file'
'to parse AIDs and OEM Ranges from')
help='A prefix that the names are required to contain.')
def __call__(self, args):
hdr_parser = AIDHeaderParser(args['aid_header'])
parser = FSConfigFileParser(args['fsconfig'], hdr_parser.oem_ranges)
required_prefix = args['required_prefix']
aids = parser.aids
# nothing to do if no aids defined
if not aids:
for aid in aids:
if required_prefix is None or aid.friendly.startswith(
sys.exit("%s: AID '%s' must start with '%s'" %
(args['fsconfig'], aid.friendly, required_prefix))
def _print_formatted_line(self, aid):
"""Prints the aid to stdout in the passwd format. Internal use only.
Colon delimited:
login name, friendly name
encrypted password (optional)
uid (int)
gid (int)
User name or comment field
home directory
interpreter (optional)
aid (AID): The aid to print.
if self._old_file != aid.found:
self._old_file = aid.found
logon, uid = Utils.get_login_and_uid_cleansed(aid)
except ValueError as exception:
print "%s::%s:%s::/:%s" % (logon, uid, uid, aid.login_shell)
class GroupGen(PasswdGen):
"""Generates the /etc/group file per man (5) group."""
# Overrides parent
def _print_formatted_line(self, aid):
"""Prints the aid to stdout in the group format. Internal use only.
Formatted (per man 5 group) like:
aid (AID): The aid to print.
if self._old_file != aid.found:
self._old_file = aid.found
logon, uid = Utils.get_login_and_uid_cleansed(aid)
except ValueError as exception:
print "%s::%s:" % (logon, uid)
class PrintGen(BaseGenerator):
"""Prints just the constants and values, separated by spaces, in an easy to
parse format for use by other scripts.
Each line is just the identifier and the value, separated by a space.
def add_opts(self, opt_group):
'aid-header', help='An android_filesystem_config.h file.')
def __call__(self, args):
hdr_parser = AIDHeaderParser(args['aid-header'])
aids = hdr_parser.aids
aids.sort(key=lambda item: int(item.normalized_value))
for aid in aids:
print '%s %s' % (aid.identifier, aid.normalized_value)
def main():
"""Main entry point for execution."""
opt_parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
description='A tool for parsing fsconfig config files and producing' +
'digestable outputs.')
subparser = opt_parser.add_subparsers(help='generators')
gens = generator.get()
# for each gen, instantiate and add them as an option
for name, gen in gens.iteritems():
generator_option_parser = subparser.add_parser(name, help=gen.__doc__)
opt_group = generator_option_parser.add_argument_group(name +
' options')
args = opt_parser.parse_args()
args_as_dict = vars(args)
which = args_as_dict['which']
del args_as_dict['which']
if __name__ == '__main__':