minadbd sends heartbeat to rescue service for getprop command.

We start minadbd and rescue services in two processes. In particular,
minadbd handles the requests from host, then communicates with rescue
service to do install/wipe works. When resuce service doesn't see any
request in a pre-defined timeout (currently 300s), rescue service will
exit to avoid endless waiting.

This CL changes minadbd to additionally send a no-op command to rescue
service as a heartbeat signal, so that host side can finish
time-consuming operations (e.g. downloading over network) while keeping
rescue service alive.

Bug: 136457446
Test: Enter resuce mode on blueline. Send `adb rescue getprop
      ro.build.fingerprint` and check that rescue service doesn't exit.
Test: Stop sending the getprop command. Check that rescue service exits
      after 300s.
Change-Id: Ib9d5ed710cfa94ecfe6cf393a71a0b67b2539531
Merged-In: Ib9d5ed710cfa94ecfe6cf393a71a0b67b2539531
(cherry picked from commit 2223e6a9f8bf24b023e8ae3103b50c37def3147e)
(cherry picked from commit 0bbb2ed53eb4dc4ae8d447062482f9eda5ef9a91)
3 files changed
tree: 11049890be096b1f457b7189d81942bd67310dc1
  1. .clang-format
  2. Android.bp
  3. Android.mk
  4. CleanSpec.mk
  7. PREUPLOAD.cfg
  8. README.md
  9. applypatch/
  10. boot_control/
  11. bootloader.h
  12. bootloader_message/
  13. common.h
  14. edify/
  15. etc/
  16. fastboot/
  17. fonts/
  18. fsck_unshare_blocks.cpp
  19. fsck_unshare_blocks.h
  20. fuse_sideload/
  21. install/
  22. interlace-frames.py
  23. minadbd/
  24. minui/
  25. misc_writer/
  26. otautil/
  27. recovery-persist.cpp
  28. recovery-persist.rc
  29. recovery-refresh.cpp
  30. recovery-refresh.rc
  31. recovery.cpp
  32. recovery.h
  33. recovery_main.cpp
  34. recovery_ui/
  35. res-hdpi/
  36. res-mdpi/
  37. res-xhdpi/
  38. res-xxhdpi/
  39. res-xxxhdpi/
  40. tests/
  41. tools/
  42. uncrypt/
  43. update_verifier/
  44. updater/
  45. updater_sample/

The Recovery Image

Quick turn-around testing

mm -j && m ramdisk-nodeps && m recoveryimage-nodeps

# To boot into the new recovery image
# without flashing the recovery partition:
adb reboot bootloader
fastboot boot $ANDROID_PRODUCT_OUT/recovery.img

Running the tests

# After setting up environment and lunch.
mmma -j bootable/recovery

# Running the tests on device.
adb root
adb sync data

# 32-bit device
adb shell /data/nativetest/recovery_unit_test/recovery_unit_test
adb shell /data/nativetest/recovery_component_test/recovery_component_test

# Or 64-bit device
adb shell /data/nativetest64/recovery_unit_test/recovery_unit_test
adb shell /data/nativetest64/recovery_component_test/recovery_component_test

Running the manual tests

recovery-refresh and recovery-persist executables exist only on systems without /cache partition. And we need to follow special steps to run tests for them.

  • Execute the test on an A/B device first. The test should fail but it will log some contents to pmsg.

  • Reboot the device immediately and run the test again. The test should save the contents of pmsg buffer into /data/misc/recovery/inject.txt. Test will pass if this file has expected contents.

Using adb under recovery

When running recovery image from debuggable builds (i.e. -eng or -userdebug build variants, or ro.debuggable=1 in /prop.default), adbd service is enabled and started by default, which allows adb communication. A device should be listed under adb devices, either in recovery or sideload state.

$ adb devices
List of devices attached
1234567890abcdef    recovery

Although /system/bin/adbd is built from the same code base as the one in the normal boot, only a subset of adb commands are meaningful under recovery, such as adb root, adb shell, adb push, adb pull etc. Since Android Q, adb shell no longer requires manually mounting /system from recovery menu.


adb devices doesn't show the device.

$ adb devices
List of devices attached
  • Ensure adbd is built and running.

By default, adbd is always included into recovery image, as /system/bin/adbd. init starts adbd service automatically only in debuggable builds. This behavior is controlled by the recovery specific /init.rc, whose source code is at bootable/recovery/etc/init.rc.

The best way to confirm a running adbd is by checking the serial output, which shows a service start log as below.

[   18.961986] c1      1 init: starting service 'adbd'...
  • Ensure USB gadget has been enabled.

If adbd service has been started but device not shown under adb devices, use lsusb(8) (on host) to check if the device is visible to the host.

bootable/recovery/etc/init.rc disables Android USB gadget (via sysfs) as part of the fs action trigger, and will only re-enable it in debuggable builds (the on property rule will always run after on fs).

on fs
    write /sys/class/android_usb/android0/enable 0

# Always start adbd on userdebug and eng builds
on property:ro.debuggable=1
    write /sys/class/android_usb/android0/enable 1
    start adbd

If device is using configfs, check if configfs has been properly set up in init rc scripts. See the example configuration for Pixel 2 devices. Note that the flag set via sysfs (i.e. the one above) is no-op when using configfs.

adb devices shows the device, but in unauthorized state.

$ adb devices
List of devices attached
1234567890abcdef    unauthorized

recovery image doesn‘t honor the USB debugging toggle and the authorizations added under normal boot (because such authorization data stays in /data, which recovery doesn’t mount), nor does it support authorizing a host device under recovery. We can use one of the following options instead.

  • Option 1 (Recommended): Authorize a host device with adb vendor keys.

For debuggable builds, an RSA keypair can be used to authorize a host device that has the private key. The public key, defined via PRODUCT_ADB_KEYS, will be copied to /adb_keys. When starting the host-side adbd, make sure the filename (or the directory) of the matching private key has been added to $ADB_VENDOR_KEYS.

$ export ADB_VENDOR_KEYS=/path/to/adb/private/key
$ adb kill-server
$ adb devices

-user builds filter out PRODUCT_ADB_KEYS, so no /adb_keys will be included there.

Note that this mechanism applies to both of normal boot and recovery modes.

  • Option 2: Allow adbd to connect without authentication.
    • adbd is compiled with ALLOW_ADBD_NO_AUTH (only on debuggable builds).
    • ro.adb.secure has a value of 0.

Both of the two conditions need to be satisfied. Although ro.adb.secure is a runtime property, its value is set at build time (written into /prop.default). It defaults to 1 on -user builds, and 0 for other build variants. The value is overridable via PRODUCT_DEFAULT_PROPERTY_OVERRIDES.