blob: be984aa29b759cb1e42bb2c8d6e42eb4b061fb9c [file] [log] [blame]
# gdb helper commands and functions for Linux kernel debugging
# load kernel and module symbols
# Copyright (c) Siemens AG, 2011-2013
# Authors:
# Jan Kiszka <>
# This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL version 2.
import gdb
import os
import re
from linux import modules, utils
if hasattr(gdb, 'Breakpoint'):
class LoadModuleBreakpoint(gdb.Breakpoint):
def __init__(self, spec, gdb_command):
super(LoadModuleBreakpoint, self).__init__(spec, internal=True)
self.silent = True
self.gdb_command = gdb_command
def stop(self):
module = gdb.parse_and_eval("mod")
module_name = module['name'].string()
cmd = self.gdb_command
# enforce update if object file is not found
cmd.module_files_updated = False
# Disable pagination while reporting symbol (re-)loading.
# The console input is blocked in this context so that we would
# get stuck waiting for the user to acknowledge paged output.
show_pagination = gdb.execute("show pagination", to_string=True)
pagination = show_pagination.endswith("on.\n")
gdb.execute("set pagination off")
if module_name in cmd.loaded_modules:
gdb.write("refreshing all symbols to reload module "
# restore pagination state
gdb.execute("set pagination %s" % ("on" if pagination else "off"))
return False
class LxSymbols(gdb.Command):
"""(Re-)load symbols of Linux kernel and currently loaded modules.
The kernel (vmlinux) is taken from the current working directly. Modules (.ko)
are scanned recursively, starting in the same directory. Optionally, the module
search path can be extended by a space separated list of paths passed to the
lx-symbols command."""
module_paths = []
module_files = []
module_files_updated = False
loaded_modules = []
breakpoint = None
def __init__(self):
super(LxSymbols, self).__init__("lx-symbols", gdb.COMMAND_FILES,
def _update_module_files(self):
self.module_files = []
for path in self.module_paths:
gdb.write("scanning for modules in {0}\n".format(path))
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(path):
for name in files:
if name.endswith(".ko") or name.endswith(".ko.debug"):
self.module_files.append(root + "/" + name)
self.module_files_updated = True
def _get_module_file(self, module_name):
module_pattern = ".*/{0}\.ko(?:.debug)?$".format(
module_name.replace("_", r"[_\-]"))
for name in self.module_files:
if re.match(module_pattern, name) and os.path.exists(name):
return name
return None
def _section_arguments(self, module):
sect_attrs = module['sect_attrs'].dereference()
except gdb.error:
return ""
attrs = sect_attrs['attrs']
section_name_to_address = {
attrs[n]['name'].string(): attrs[n]['address']
for n in range(int(sect_attrs['nsections']))}
args = []
for section_name in [".data", ".data..read_mostly", ".rodata", ".bss",
".text", "", ".text.unlikely"]:
address = section_name_to_address.get(section_name)
if address:
args.append(" -s {name} {addr}".format(
name=section_name, addr=str(address)))
return "".join(args)
def load_module_symbols(self, module):
module_name = module['name'].string()
module_addr = str(module['core_layout']['base']).split()[0]
module_file = self._get_module_file(module_name)
if not module_file and not self.module_files_updated:
module_file = self._get_module_file(module_name)
if module_file:
if utils.is_target_arch('s390'):
# Module text is preceded by PLT stubs on s390.
module_arch = module['arch']
plt_offset = int(module_arch['plt_offset'])
plt_size = int(module_arch['plt_size'])
module_addr = hex(int(module_addr, 0) + plt_offset + plt_size)
gdb.write("loading @{addr}: {filename}\n".format(
addr=module_addr, filename=module_file))
cmdline = "add-symbol-file {filename} {addr}{sections}".format(
gdb.execute(cmdline, to_string=True)
if module_name not in self.loaded_modules:
gdb.write("no module object found for '{0}'\n".format(module_name))
def load_all_symbols(self):
gdb.write("loading vmlinux\n")
# Dropping symbols will disable all breakpoints. So save their states
# and restore them afterward.
saved_states = []
if hasattr(gdb, 'breakpoints') and not gdb.breakpoints() is None:
for bp in gdb.breakpoints():
saved_states.append({'breakpoint': bp, 'enabled': bp.enabled})
# drop all current symbols and reload vmlinux
orig_vmlinux = 'vmlinux'
for obj in gdb.objfiles():
if obj.filename.endswith('vmlinux'):
orig_vmlinux = obj.filename
gdb.execute("symbol-file", to_string=True)
gdb.execute("symbol-file {0}".format(orig_vmlinux))
self.loaded_modules = []
module_list = modules.module_list()
if not module_list:
gdb.write("no modules found\n")
[self.load_module_symbols(module) for module in module_list]
for saved_state in saved_states:
saved_state['breakpoint'].enabled = saved_state['enabled']
def invoke(self, arg, from_tty):
self.module_paths = [os.path.expanduser(p) for p in arg.split()]
# enforce update
self.module_files = []
self.module_files_updated = False
if hasattr(gdb, 'Breakpoint'):
if self.breakpoint is not None:
self.breakpoint = None
self.breakpoint = LoadModuleBreakpoint(
"kernel/module.c:do_init_module", self)
gdb.write("Note: symbol update on module loading not supported "
"with this gdb version\n")