runtime: scavenge memory upon allocating from scavenged memory

Because scavenged and unscavenged spans no longer coalesce, memory that
is freed no longer has a high likelihood of being re-scavenged. As a
result, if an application is allocating at a fast rate, it may work fast
enough to undo all the scavenging work performed by the runtime's
current scavenging mechanisms. This behavior is exacerbated by the
global best-fit allocation policy the runtime uses, since scavenged
spans are just as likely to be chosen as unscavenged spans on average.

To remedy that, we treat each allocation of scavenged space as a heap
growth, and scavenge other memory to make up for the allocation.

This change makes performance of the runtime slightly worse, as now
we're scavenging more often during allocation. The regression is
particularly obvious with the garbage benchmark (3%) but most of the Go1
benchmarks are within the margin of noise. A follow-up change should


Updates #14045.

Change-Id: I44a7e6586eca33b5f97b6d40418db53a8a7ae715
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <>
1 file changed
tree: 6a27b71104b8a3c2b179f579da4c234feaa27fc2
  1. .gitattributes
  2. .github/
  3. .gitignore
  10. api/
  11. doc/
  12. favicon.ico
  13. lib/
  14. misc/
  15. robots.txt
  16. src/
  17. test/

The Go Programming Language

Go is an open source programming language that makes it easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software.

Gopher image Gopher image by Renee French, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0 Attributions license.

Our canonical Git repository is located at There is a mirror of the repository at

Unless otherwise noted, the Go source files are distributed under the BSD-style license found in the LICENSE file.

Download and Install

Binary Distributions

Official binary distributions are available at

After downloading a binary release, visit or load doc/install.html in your web browser for installation instructions.

Install From Source

If a binary distribution is not available for your combination of operating system and architecture, visit or load doc/install-source.html in your web browser for source installation instructions.


Go is the work of thousands of contributors. We appreciate your help!

To contribute, please read the contribution guidelines:

Note that the Go project uses the issue tracker for bug reports and proposals only. See for a list of places to ask questions about the Go language.