tree: 1a509e7f7201fce7063b18ff48b482cefdfef76f [path history] [tgz]
  1. src/
  2. test/
  3. android.sdktools.adblib.iml
  4. BUILD


At its core, adblib is a Java/Kotlin library that allows invoking services of an ADB host (or server) via a socket channel. It is in essence a library that allows programmatic access to services that can otherwise be invoked from the adb shell command.

adblib is usable from various host environments, from a default command line environment using JDK defaults, to a highly customized environments such as Android Studio/IntelliJ with custom threading and memory requirements.

TBD: (Add a decription of the various services adblib provides)


As mentioned in the overview, adblib is designed to be usable in a variety of environements, from simple command line applications, to servers and complex desktop apps, such as IDEs (Android Studio, IntelliJ).

Each one of these enviroments has specific requirements, such as where logs should be recorded, how thread pools should be used, how memory should be tuned (i.e. heap vs direct ByteBuffers), etc.

AdbLibHost is the abstraction that allows adblib to meet these requirements. The default implementation provides reasonable defaults for command line apps, but the expectation is that it will be fully customized by consumers that implement more complex use cases.

Inversion Of Control

adblib components rely on Inversion of Control to obtain the services they need to perform their tasks. There is not global mutable state in adblib.

For instance, one of intended design goal is to allow communicating with multiple instances of an ADB host (on different sockets ports) in a single JVM instance without any hackery or danger of overwriting global state.


adblib does not use constant/hard-coded timeout values when communicating with the ADB host or external processes. Either timeout values are directly provider by the consumer, and they have defaults that can be overriden.

adblib internals & threading model

One of the design goals is to never block a thread waiting for I/O completion, but instead use coroutines and asynchronous APIs to suspend execution and resume when data has been consumed or is available for use.

In addition to being fully asynchronous, adblib never creates custom threads but instead “borrows” existing threads from various thread pool abstractions defined in AdbLibHost, e.g. Kotlin Dispatchers for coroutines, AsynchronousChannelGroup for AsynchronousSocketChannel, and so on.

Specifically, adblib uses Dispatchers.IO only indirectly through the AdbLibHost abstraction, which is customizable by the consumer of adblib, so that custom Dispatcher implementation can be used.

In essence, adblib leaves its consumer(s) the ability to fully customize the thread pooling policy.

Performance & memory usage

adblib should offer performance similar to the adb command line and avoid excessive use of the GC heap. This implies some potentially “hotspots” of adblib are consciously written to avoid excessive memory allocations, sometimes at the cost of readability of the code.


When adblib service implementations need to invoke user-provided callbacks, these callbacks are required to provide an execution context (Dispatcher or Executor) so that adblib does not have to make an assumption about threading model.

adblib never “swallows” exceptions from callbacks, instead propagates them to the caller. It is up to the caller to decide if these exceptions should be propagated (the default), merely logged, or recovered from.


adblib is written such that consumers can collect various performance and reliability metrics of the underlying ADB host.

TBD: This is currently not implemented


adblib defines its own custom AdbLogger abstraction to ensure compatibility with a wide range of logging facilities.