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/*
* Copyright (C) 2018 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#include "apexd.h"
#include "apexd_private.h"
#include "apex_constants.h"
#include "apex_database.h"
#include "apex_file.h"
#include "apex_manifest.h"
#include "apex_preinstalled_data.h"
#include "apex_shim.h"
#include "apexd_checkpoint.h"
#include "apexd_lifecycle.h"
#include "apexd_loop.h"
#include "apexd_prepostinstall.h"
#include "apexd_rollback_utils.h"
#include "apexd_session.h"
#include "apexd_utils.h"
#include "apexd_verity.h"
#include "com_android_apex.h"
#include "string_log.h"
#include <ApexProperties.sysprop.h>
#include <android-base/file.h>
#include <android-base/logging.h>
#include <android-base/macros.h>
#include <android-base/parseint.h>
#include <android-base/properties.h>
#include <android-base/scopeguard.h>
#include <android-base/stringprintf.h>
#include <android-base/strings.h>
#include <android-base/unique_fd.h>
#include <google/protobuf/util/message_differencer.h>
#include <libavb/libavb.h>
#include <libdm/dm.h>
#include <libdm/dm_table.h>
#include <libdm/dm_target.h>
#include <selinux/android.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <linux/loop.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/inotify.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/sysinfo.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <array>
#include <chrono>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <filesystem>
#include <fstream>
#include <future>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iterator>
#include <memory>
#include <mutex>
#include <optional>
#include <queue>
#include <string>
#include <thread>
#include <unordered_map>
#include <unordered_set>
using android::base::ErrnoError;
using android::base::Error;
using android::base::GetProperty;
using android::base::Join;
using android::base::ParseUint;
using android::base::ReadFully;
using android::base::Result;
using android::base::StartsWith;
using android::base::StringPrintf;
using android::base::unique_fd;
using android::dm::DeviceMapper;
using android::dm::DmDeviceState;
using android::dm::DmTable;
using android::dm::DmTargetVerity;
using apex::proto::SessionState;
using google::protobuf::util::MessageDifferencer;
namespace android {
namespace apex {
using MountedApexData = MountedApexDatabase::MountedApexData;
namespace {
static constexpr const char* kBuildFingerprintSysprop = "ro.build.fingerprint";
// This should be in UAPI, but it's not :-(
static constexpr const char* kDmVerityRestartOnCorruption =
"restart_on_corruption";
MountedApexDatabase gMountedApexes;
CheckpointInterface* gVoldService;
bool gSupportsFsCheckpoints = false;
bool gInFsCheckpointMode = false;
static constexpr size_t kLoopDeviceSetupAttempts = 3u;
static const std::vector<std::string> kBootstrapApexes = ([]() {
std::vector<std::string> ret = {
"com.android.art",
"com.android.i18n",
"com.android.runtime",
"com.android.tzdata",
"com.android.os.statsd",
};
auto vendor_vndk_ver = GetProperty("ro.vndk.version", "");
if (vendor_vndk_ver != "") {
ret.push_back("com.android.vndk.v" + vendor_vndk_ver);
}
auto product_vndk_ver = GetProperty("ro.product.vndk.version", "");
if (product_vndk_ver != "" && product_vndk_ver != vendor_vndk_ver) {
ret.push_back("com.android.vndk.v" + product_vndk_ver);
}
return ret;
})();
static constexpr const int kNumRetriesWhenCheckpointingEnabled = 1;
bool IsBootstrapApex(const ApexFile& apex) {
return std::find(kBootstrapApexes.begin(), kBootstrapApexes.end(),
apex.GetManifest().name()) != kBootstrapApexes.end();
}
// Pre-allocate loop devices so that we don't have to wait for them
// later when actually activating APEXes.
Result<void> PreAllocateLoopDevices() {
auto scan = FindApexes(kApexPackageBuiltinDirs);
if (!scan.ok()) {
return scan.error();
}
auto size = 0;
for (const auto& path : *scan) {
auto apexFile = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apexFile.ok()) {
continue;
}
size++;
// bootstrap Apexes may be activated on separate namespaces.
if (IsBootstrapApex(*apexFile)) {
size++;
}
}
// note: do not call PreAllocateLoopDevices() if size == 0.
// For devices (e.g. ARC) which doesn't support loop-control
// PreAllocateLoopDevices() can cause problem when it tries
// to access /dev/loop-control.
if (size == 0) {
return {};
}
return loop::PreAllocateLoopDevices(size);
}
std::unique_ptr<DmTable> CreateVerityTable(const ApexVerityData& verity_data,
const std::string& block_device,
const std::string& hash_device,
bool restart_on_corruption) {
AvbHashtreeDescriptor* desc = verity_data.desc.get();
auto table = std::make_unique<DmTable>();
uint32_t hash_start_block = 0;
if (hash_device == block_device) {
hash_start_block = desc->tree_offset / desc->hash_block_size;
}
auto target = std::make_unique<DmTargetVerity>(
0, desc->image_size / 512, desc->dm_verity_version, block_device,
hash_device, desc->data_block_size, desc->hash_block_size,
desc->image_size / desc->data_block_size, hash_start_block,
verity_data.hash_algorithm, verity_data.root_digest, verity_data.salt);
target->IgnoreZeroBlocks();
if (restart_on_corruption) {
target->SetVerityMode(kDmVerityRestartOnCorruption);
}
table->AddTarget(std::move(target));
table->set_readonly(true);
return table;
}
// Deletes a dm-verity device with a given name and path
// Synchronizes on the device actually being deleted from userspace.
Result<void> DeleteVerityDevice(const std::string& name) {
DeviceMapper& dm = DeviceMapper::Instance();
if (!dm.DeleteDevice(name, 750ms)) {
return Error() << "Failed to delete dm-device " << name;
}
return {};
}
class DmVerityDevice {
public:
DmVerityDevice() : cleared_(true) {}
explicit DmVerityDevice(std::string name)
: name_(std::move(name)), cleared_(false) {}
DmVerityDevice(std::string name, std::string dev_path)
: name_(std::move(name)),
dev_path_(std::move(dev_path)),
cleared_(false) {}
DmVerityDevice(DmVerityDevice&& other) noexcept
: name_(std::move(other.name_)),
dev_path_(std::move(other.dev_path_)),
cleared_(other.cleared_) {
other.cleared_ = true;
}
DmVerityDevice& operator=(DmVerityDevice&& other) noexcept {
name_ = other.name_;
dev_path_ = other.dev_path_;
cleared_ = other.cleared_;
other.cleared_ = true;
return *this;
}
~DmVerityDevice() {
if (!cleared_) {
Result<void> ret = DeleteVerityDevice(name_);
if (!ret.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << ret.error();
}
}
}
const std::string& GetName() const { return name_; }
const std::string& GetDevPath() const { return dev_path_; }
void Release() { cleared_ = true; }
private:
std::string name_;
std::string dev_path_;
bool cleared_;
};
Result<DmVerityDevice> CreateVerityDevice(const std::string& name,
const DmTable& table) {
DeviceMapper& dm = DeviceMapper::Instance();
if (dm.GetState(name) != DmDeviceState::INVALID) {
// Delete dangling dm-device. This can happen if apexd fails to delete it
// while unmounting an apex.
LOG(WARNING) << "Deleting existing dm device " << name;
auto result = DeleteVerityDevice(name);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result.error();
}
}
std::string dev_path;
if (!dm.CreateDevice(name, table, &dev_path, 500ms)) {
return Errorf("Couldn't create verity device.");
}
return DmVerityDevice(name, dev_path);
}
Result<void> RemovePreviouslyActiveApexFiles(
const std::unordered_set<std::string>& affected_packages,
const std::unordered_set<std::string>& files_to_keep) {
auto all_active_apex_files = FindApexFilesByName(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir);
if (!all_active_apex_files.ok()) {
return all_active_apex_files.error();
}
for (const std::string& path : *all_active_apex_files) {
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return apex_file.error();
}
const std::string& package_name = apex_file->GetManifest().name();
if (affected_packages.find(package_name) == affected_packages.end()) {
// This apex belongs to a package that wasn't part of this stage sessions,
// hence it should be kept.
continue;
}
if (files_to_keep.find(apex_file->GetPath()) != files_to_keep.end()) {
// This is a path that was staged and should be kept.
continue;
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "Deleting previously active apex " << apex_file->GetPath();
if (unlink(apex_file->GetPath().c_str()) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to unlink " << apex_file->GetPath();
}
}
return {};
}
// Reads the entire device to verify the image is authenticatic
Result<void> ReadVerityDevice(const std::string& verity_device,
uint64_t device_size) {
static constexpr int kBlockSize = 4096;
static constexpr size_t kBufSize = 1024 * kBlockSize;
std::vector<uint8_t> buffer(kBufSize);
unique_fd fd(
TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(open(verity_device.c_str(), O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC)));
if (fd.get() == -1) {
return ErrnoError() << "Can't open " << verity_device;
}
size_t bytes_left = device_size;
while (bytes_left > 0) {
size_t to_read = std::min(bytes_left, kBufSize);
if (!android::base::ReadFully(fd.get(), buffer.data(), to_read)) {
return ErrnoError() << "Can't verify " << verity_device << "; corrupted?";
}
bytes_left -= to_read;
}
return {};
}
Result<void> VerifyMountedImage(const ApexFile& apex,
const std::string& mount_point) {
// Verify that apex_manifest.pb inside mounted image matches the one in the
// outer .apex container.
Result<ApexManifest> verified_manifest =
ReadManifest(mount_point + "/" + kManifestFilenamePb);
if (!verified_manifest.ok()) {
return verified_manifest.error();
}
if (!MessageDifferencer::Equals(*verified_manifest, apex.GetManifest())) {
return Errorf(
"Manifest inside filesystem does not match manifest outside it");
}
if (shim::IsShimApex(apex)) {
return shim::ValidateShimApex(mount_point, apex);
}
return {};
}
Result<MountedApexData> MountPackageImpl(const ApexFile& apex,
const std::string& mount_point,
const std::string& device_name,
const std::string& hashtree_file,
bool verify_image,
bool temp_mount = false) {
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Creating mount point: " << mount_point;
// Note: the mount point could exist in case when the APEX was activated
// during the bootstrap phase (e.g., the runtime or tzdata APEX).
// Although we have separate mount namespaces to separate the early activated
// APEXes from the normally activate APEXes, the mount points themselves
// are shared across the two mount namespaces because /apex (a tmpfs) itself
// mounted at / which is (and has to be) a shared mount. Therefore, if apexd
// finds an empty directory under /apex, it's not a problem and apexd can use
// it.
auto exists = PathExists(mount_point);
if (!exists.ok()) {
return exists.error();
}
if (!*exists && mkdir(mount_point.c_str(), kMkdirMode) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Could not create mount point " << mount_point;
}
auto deleter = [&mount_point]() {
if (rmdir(mount_point.c_str()) != 0) {
PLOG(WARNING) << "Could not rmdir " << mount_point;
}
};
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard(deleter);
if (!IsEmptyDirectory(mount_point)) {
return ErrnoError() << mount_point << " is not empty";
}
const std::string& full_path = apex.GetPath();
loop::LoopbackDeviceUniqueFd loopback_device;
for (size_t attempts = 1;; ++attempts) {
Result<loop::LoopbackDeviceUniqueFd> ret = loop::CreateLoopDevice(
full_path, apex.GetImageOffset(), apex.GetImageSize());
if (ret.ok()) {
loopback_device = std::move(*ret);
break;
}
if (attempts >= kLoopDeviceSetupAttempts) {
return Error() << "Could not create loop device for " << full_path << ": "
<< ret.error();
}
}
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Loopback device created: " << loopback_device.name;
auto& instance = ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance();
auto public_key = instance.GetPublicKey(apex.GetManifest().name());
if (!public_key.ok()) {
return public_key.error();
}
auto verity_data = apex.VerifyApexVerity(*public_key);
if (!verity_data.ok()) {
return Error() << "Failed to verify Apex Verity data for " << full_path
<< ": " << verity_data.error();
}
std::string block_device = loopback_device.name;
MountedApexData apex_data(loopback_device.name, apex.GetPath(), mount_point,
/* device_name = */ "",
/* hashtree_loop_name = */ "",
/* is_temp_mount */ temp_mount);
// for APEXes in immutable partitions, we don't need to mount them on
// dm-verity because they are already in the dm-verity protected partition;
// system. However, note that we don't skip verification to ensure that APEXes
// are correctly signed.
const bool mount_on_verity = !instance.IsPreInstalledApex(apex);
DmVerityDevice verity_dev;
loop::LoopbackDeviceUniqueFd loop_for_hash;
if (mount_on_verity) {
std::string hash_device = loopback_device.name;
if (verity_data->desc->tree_size == 0) {
if (auto st = PrepareHashTree(apex, *verity_data, hashtree_file);
!st.ok()) {
return st.error();
}
auto create_loop_status = loop::CreateLoopDevice(hashtree_file, 0, 0);
if (!create_loop_status.ok()) {
return create_loop_status.error();
}
loop_for_hash = std::move(*create_loop_status);
hash_device = loop_for_hash.name;
apex_data.hashtree_loop_name = hash_device;
}
auto verity_table =
CreateVerityTable(*verity_data, loopback_device.name, hash_device,
/* restart_on_corruption = */ !verify_image);
Result<DmVerityDevice> verity_dev_res =
CreateVerityDevice(device_name, *verity_table);
if (!verity_dev_res.ok()) {
return Error() << "Failed to create Apex Verity device " << full_path
<< ": " << verity_dev_res.error();
}
verity_dev = std::move(*verity_dev_res);
apex_data.device_name = device_name;
block_device = verity_dev.GetDevPath();
Result<void> read_ahead_status =
loop::ConfigureReadAhead(verity_dev.GetDevPath());
if (!read_ahead_status.ok()) {
return read_ahead_status.error();
}
}
// TODO(b/158467418): consider moving this inside RunVerifyFnInsideTempMount.
if (mount_on_verity && verify_image) {
Result<void> verity_status =
ReadVerityDevice(block_device, (*verity_data).desc->image_size);
if (!verity_status.ok()) {
return verity_status.error();
}
}
uint32_t mount_flags = MS_NOATIME | MS_NODEV | MS_DIRSYNC | MS_RDONLY;
if (apex.GetManifest().nocode()) {
mount_flags |= MS_NOEXEC;
}
if (mount(block_device.c_str(), mount_point.c_str(), apex.GetFsType().c_str(),
mount_flags, nullptr) == 0) {
LOG(INFO) << "Successfully mounted package " << full_path << " on "
<< mount_point;
auto status = VerifyMountedImage(apex, mount_point);
if (!status.ok()) {
if (umount2(mount_point.c_str(), UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to umount " << mount_point;
}
return Error() << "Failed to verify " << full_path << ": "
<< status.error();
}
// Time to accept the temporaries as good.
verity_dev.Release();
loopback_device.CloseGood();
loop_for_hash.CloseGood();
scope_guard.Disable(); // Accept the mount.
return apex_data;
} else {
return ErrnoError() << "Mounting failed for package " << full_path;
}
}
std::string GetHashTreeFileName(const ApexFile& apex, bool is_new) {
std::string ret =
std::string(kApexHashTreeDir) + "/" + GetPackageId(apex.GetManifest());
return is_new ? ret + ".new" : ret;
}
Result<MountedApexData> VerifyAndTempMountPackage(
const ApexFile& apex, const std::string& mount_point) {
const std::string& package_id = GetPackageId(apex.GetManifest());
LOG(DEBUG) << "Temp mounting " << package_id << " to " << mount_point;
const std::string& temp_device_name = package_id + ".tmp";
std::string hashtree_file = GetHashTreeFileName(apex, /* is_new = */ true);
if (access(hashtree_file.c_str(), F_OK) == 0) {
LOG(DEBUG) << hashtree_file << " already exists. Deleting it";
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(unlink(hashtree_file.c_str())) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to unlink " << hashtree_file;
}
}
auto ret =
MountPackageImpl(apex, mount_point, temp_device_name, hashtree_file,
/* verify_image = */ true, /* temp_mount = */ true);
if (!ret.ok()) {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Cleaning up " << hashtree_file;
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(unlink(hashtree_file.c_str())) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to unlink " << hashtree_file;
}
} else {
gMountedApexes.AddMountedApex(apex.GetManifest().name(), false, *ret);
}
return ret;
}
Result<void> Unmount(const MountedApexData& data) {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Unmounting " << data.full_path << " from mount point "
<< data.mount_point;
// Lazily try to umount whatever is mounted.
if (umount2(data.mount_point.c_str(), UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW) != 0 &&
errno != EINVAL && errno != ENOENT) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to unmount directory " << data.mount_point;
}
// Attempt to delete the folder. If the folder is retained, other
// data may be incorrect.
if (rmdir(data.mount_point.c_str()) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to rmdir directory " << data.mount_point;
}
// Try to free up the device-mapper device.
if (!data.device_name.empty()) {
const auto& result = DeleteVerityDevice(data.device_name);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result;
}
}
// Try to free up the loop device.
auto log_fn = [](const std::string& path, const std::string& /*id*/) {
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Freeing loop device " << path << " for unmount.";
};
if (!data.loop_name.empty()) {
loop::DestroyLoopDevice(data.loop_name, log_fn);
}
if (!data.hashtree_loop_name.empty()) {
loop::DestroyLoopDevice(data.hashtree_loop_name, log_fn);
}
return {};
}
template <typename VerifyFn>
Result<void> RunVerifyFnInsideTempMount(const ApexFile& apex,
const VerifyFn& verify_fn,
bool unmount_during_cleanup) {
// Temp mount image of this apex to validate it was properly signed;
// this will also read the entire block device through dm-verity, so
// we can be sure there is no corruption.
const std::string& temp_mount_point =
apexd_private::GetPackageTempMountPoint(apex.GetManifest());
Result<MountedApexData> mount_status =
VerifyAndTempMountPackage(apex, temp_mount_point);
if (!mount_status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to temp mount to " << temp_mount_point << " : "
<< mount_status.error();
return mount_status.error();
}
auto cleaner = [&]() {
if (unmount_during_cleanup) {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Unmounting " << temp_mount_point;
Result<void> result = Unmount(*mount_status);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to unmount " << temp_mount_point << " : "
<< result.error();
}
gMountedApexes.RemoveMountedApex(apex.GetManifest().name(),
apex.GetPath(), true);
}
};
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard(cleaner);
return verify_fn(temp_mount_point);
}
template <typename HookFn, typename HookCall>
Result<void> PrePostinstallPackages(const std::vector<ApexFile>& apexes,
HookFn fn, HookCall call) {
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard([&]() {
for (const ApexFile& apex_file : apexes) {
apexd_private::UnmountTempMount(apex_file);
}
});
if (apexes.empty()) {
return Errorf("Empty set of inputs");
}
// 1) Check whether the APEXes have hooks.
bool has_hooks = false;
for (const ApexFile& apex_file : apexes) {
if (!(apex_file.GetManifest().*fn)().empty()) {
has_hooks = true;
break;
}
}
// 2) If we found hooks, temp mount if required, and run the pre/post-install.
if (has_hooks) {
std::vector<std::string> mount_points;
for (const ApexFile& apex : apexes) {
// Retrieve the mount data if the apex is already temp mounted, temp
// mount it otherwise.
std::string mount_point =
apexd_private::GetPackageTempMountPoint(apex.GetManifest());
Result<MountedApexData> mount_data =
apexd_private::GetTempMountedApexData(apex.GetManifest().name());
if (!mount_data.ok()) {
mount_data = VerifyAndTempMountPackage(apex, mount_point);
if (!mount_data.ok()) {
return mount_data.error();
}
}
mount_points.push_back(mount_point);
}
Result<void> install_status = (*call)(apexes, mount_points);
if (!install_status.ok()) {
return install_status;
}
}
return {};
}
Result<void> PreinstallPackages(const std::vector<ApexFile>& apexes) {
return PrePostinstallPackages(apexes, &ApexManifest::preinstallhook,
&StagePreInstall);
}
Result<void> PostinstallPackages(const std::vector<ApexFile>& apexes) {
return PrePostinstallPackages(apexes, &ApexManifest::postinstallhook,
&StagePostInstall);
}
// Converts a list of apex file paths into a list of ApexFile objects
//
// Returns error when trying to open empty set of inputs.
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> OpenApexFiles(
const std::vector<std::string>& paths) {
if (paths.empty()) {
return Errorf("Empty set of inputs");
}
std::vector<ApexFile> ret;
for (const std::string& path : paths) {
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return apex_file.error();
}
ret.emplace_back(std::move(*apex_file));
}
return ret;
}
Result<void> ValidateStagingShimApex(const ApexFile& to) {
using android::base::StringPrintf;
auto system_shim = ApexFile::Open(
StringPrintf("%s/%s", kApexPackageSystemDir, shim::kSystemShimApexName));
if (!system_shim.ok()) {
return system_shim.error();
}
auto verify_fn = [&](const std::string& system_apex_path) {
return shim::ValidateUpdate(system_apex_path, to.GetPath());
};
return RunVerifyFnInsideTempMount(*system_shim, verify_fn, true);
}
// A version of apex verification that happens during boot.
// This function should only verification checks that are necessary to run on
// each boot. Try to avoid putting expensive checks inside this function.
Result<void> VerifyPackageBoot(const ApexFile& apex_file) {
// TODO(ioffe): why do we need this here?
auto& instance = ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance();
auto public_key = instance.GetPublicKey(apex_file.GetManifest().name());
if (!public_key.ok()) {
return public_key.error();
}
Result<ApexVerityData> verity_or = apex_file.VerifyApexVerity(*public_key);
if (!verity_or.ok()) {
return verity_or.error();
}
if (shim::IsShimApex(apex_file)) {
// Validating shim is not a very cheap operation, but it's fine to perform
// it here since it only runs during CTS tests and will never be triggered
// during normal flow.
const auto& result = ValidateStagingShimApex(apex_file);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result;
}
}
return {};
}
// A version of apex verification that happens on SubmitStagedSession.
// This function contains checks that might be expensive to perform, e.g. temp
// mounting a package and reading entire dm-verity device, and shouldn't be run
// during boot.
Result<void> VerifyPackageInstall(const ApexFile& apex_file) {
const auto& verify_package_boot_status = VerifyPackageBoot(apex_file);
if (!verify_package_boot_status.ok()) {
return verify_package_boot_status;
}
constexpr const auto kSuccessFn = [](const std::string& /*mount_point*/) {
return Result<void>{};
};
return RunVerifyFnInsideTempMount(apex_file, kSuccessFn, false);
}
template <typename VerifyApexFn>
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> VerifyPackages(
const std::vector<std::string>& paths, const VerifyApexFn& verify_apex_fn) {
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> apex_files = OpenApexFiles(paths);
if (!apex_files.ok()) {
return apex_files.error();
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "VerifyPackages() for " << Join(paths, ',');
for (const ApexFile& apex_file : *apex_files) {
Result<void> result = verify_apex_fn(apex_file);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result.error();
}
}
return std::move(*apex_files);
}
Result<ApexFile> VerifySessionDir(const int session_id) {
std::string session_dir_path = std::string(kStagedSessionsDir) + "/session_" +
std::to_string(session_id);
LOG(INFO) << "Scanning " << session_dir_path
<< " looking for packages to be validated";
Result<std::vector<std::string>> scan = FindApexFilesByName(session_dir_path);
if (!scan.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << scan.error();
return scan.error();
}
if (scan->size() > 1) {
return Errorf(
"More than one APEX package found in the same session directory.");
}
auto verified = VerifyPackages(*scan, VerifyPackageInstall);
if (!verified.ok()) {
return verified.error();
}
return std::move((*verified)[0]);
}
Result<void> DeleteBackup() {
auto exists = PathExists(std::string(kApexBackupDir));
if (!exists.ok()) {
return Error() << "Can't clean " << kApexBackupDir << " : "
<< exists.error();
}
if (!*exists) {
LOG(DEBUG) << kApexBackupDir << " does not exist. Nothing to clean";
return {};
}
return DeleteDirContent(std::string(kApexBackupDir));
}
Result<void> BackupActivePackages() {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Initializing backup of " << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
// Previous restore might've delete backups folder.
auto create_status = CreateDirIfNeeded(kApexBackupDir, 0700);
if (!create_status.ok()) {
return Error() << "Backup failed : " << create_status.error();
}
auto apex_active_exists = PathExists(std::string(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir));
if (!apex_active_exists.ok()) {
return Error() << "Backup failed : " << apex_active_exists.error();
}
if (!*apex_active_exists) {
LOG(DEBUG) << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir
<< " does not exist. Nothing to backup";
return {};
}
auto active_packages = FindApexFilesByName(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir);
if (!active_packages.ok()) {
return Error() << "Backup failed : " << active_packages.error();
}
auto cleanup_status = DeleteBackup();
if (!cleanup_status.ok()) {
return Error() << "Backup failed : " << cleanup_status.error();
}
auto backup_path_fn = [](const ApexFile& apex_file) {
return StringPrintf("%s/%s%s", kApexBackupDir,
GetPackageId(apex_file.GetManifest()).c_str(),
kApexPackageSuffix);
};
auto deleter = []() {
auto result = DeleteDirContent(std::string(kApexBackupDir));
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to cleanup " << kApexBackupDir << " : "
<< result.error();
}
};
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard(deleter);
for (const std::string& path : *active_packages) {
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return Error() << "Backup failed : " << apex_file.error();
}
const auto& dest_path = backup_path_fn(*apex_file);
if (link(apex_file->GetPath().c_str(), dest_path.c_str()) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to backup " << apex_file->GetPath();
}
}
scope_guard.Disable(); // Accept the backup.
return {};
}
Result<void> RestoreActivePackages() {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Initializing restore of " << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
auto backup_exists = PathExists(std::string(kApexBackupDir));
if (!backup_exists.ok()) {
return backup_exists.error();
}
if (!*backup_exists) {
return Error() << kApexBackupDir << " does not exist";
}
struct stat stat_data;
if (stat(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir, &stat_data) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to access " << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "Deleting existing packages in " << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
auto delete_status =
DeleteDirContent(std::string(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir));
if (!delete_status.ok()) {
return delete_status;
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "Renaming " << kApexBackupDir << " to "
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
if (rename(kApexBackupDir, kActiveApexPackagesDataDir) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to rename " << kApexBackupDir << " to "
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "Restoring original permissions for "
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
if (chmod(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir, stat_data.st_mode & ALLPERMS) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to restore original permissions for "
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir;
}
return {};
}
Result<void> UnmountPackage(const ApexFile& apex, bool allow_latest) {
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Unmounting " << GetPackageId(apex.GetManifest());
const ApexManifest& manifest = apex.GetManifest();
std::optional<MountedApexData> data;
bool latest = false;
auto fn = [&](const MountedApexData& d, bool l) {
if (d.full_path == apex.GetPath()) {
data.emplace(d);
latest = l;
}
};
gMountedApexes.ForallMountedApexes(manifest.name(), fn);
if (!data) {
return Error() << "Did not find " << apex.GetPath();
}
if (latest) {
if (!allow_latest) {
return Error() << "Package " << apex.GetPath() << " is active";
}
std::string mount_point = apexd_private::GetActiveMountPoint(manifest);
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Unmounting and deleting " << mount_point;
if (umount2(mount_point.c_str(), UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to unmount " << mount_point;
}
if (rmdir(mount_point.c_str()) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Could not rmdir " << mount_point;
// Continue here.
}
}
// Clean up gMountedApexes now, even though we're not fully done.
gMountedApexes.RemoveMountedApex(manifest.name(), apex.GetPath());
return Unmount(*data);
}
} // namespace
Result<void> MountPackage(const ApexFile& apex,
const std::string& mount_point) {
auto ret =
MountPackageImpl(apex, mount_point, GetPackageId(apex.GetManifest()),
GetHashTreeFileName(apex, /* is_new = */ false),
/* verify_image = */ false);
if (!ret.ok()) {
return ret.error();
}
gMountedApexes.AddMountedApex(apex.GetManifest().name(), false, *ret);
return {};
}
namespace apexd_private {
Result<void> UnmountTempMount(const ApexFile& apex) {
const ApexManifest& manifest = apex.GetManifest();
LOG(VERBOSE) << "Unmounting all temp mounts for package " << manifest.name();
bool finished_unmounting = false;
// If multiple temp mounts exist, ensure that all are unmounted.
while (!finished_unmounting) {
Result<MountedApexData> data =
apexd_private::GetTempMountedApexData(manifest.name());
if (!data.ok()) {
finished_unmounting = true;
} else {
gMountedApexes.RemoveMountedApex(manifest.name(), data->full_path, true);
Unmount(*data);
}
}
return {};
}
Result<MountedApexData> GetTempMountedApexData(const std::string& package) {
bool found = false;
Result<MountedApexData> mount_data;
gMountedApexes.ForallMountedApexes(
package,
[&](const MountedApexData& data, [[maybe_unused]] bool latest) {
if (!found) {
mount_data = data;
found = true;
}
},
true);
if (found) {
return mount_data;
}
return Error() << "No temp mount data found for " << package;
}
bool IsMounted(const std::string& full_path) {
bool found_mounted = false;
gMountedApexes.ForallMountedApexes([&](const std::string&,
const MountedApexData& data,
[[maybe_unused]] bool latest) {
if (full_path == data.full_path) {
found_mounted = true;
}
});
return found_mounted;
}
std::string GetPackageMountPoint(const ApexManifest& manifest) {
return StringPrintf("%s/%s", kApexRoot, GetPackageId(manifest).c_str());
}
std::string GetPackageTempMountPoint(const ApexManifest& manifest) {
return StringPrintf("%s.tmp", GetPackageMountPoint(manifest).c_str());
}
std::string GetActiveMountPoint(const ApexManifest& manifest) {
return StringPrintf("%s/%s", kApexRoot, manifest.name().c_str());
}
} // namespace apexd_private
Result<void> ResumeRevertIfNeeded() {
auto sessions =
ApexSession::GetSessionsInState(SessionState::REVERT_IN_PROGRESS);
if (sessions.empty()) {
return {};
}
return RevertActiveSessions("");
}
Result<void> ActivateSharedLibsPackage(const std::string& mount_point) {
for (const auto& lib_path : {"lib", "lib64"}) {
std::string apex_lib_path = mount_point + "/" + lib_path;
auto lib_dir = PathExists(apex_lib_path);
if (!lib_dir.ok() || !*lib_dir) {
continue;
}
auto iter = std::filesystem::directory_iterator(apex_lib_path);
std::error_code ec;
while (iter != std::filesystem::end(iter)) {
const auto& lib_entry = *iter;
if (!lib_entry.is_directory()) {
iter = iter.increment(ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to scan " << apex_lib_path << " : "
<< ec.message();
}
continue;
}
const auto library_name = lib_entry.path().filename();
const std::string library_symlink_dir =
StringPrintf("%s/%s/%s/%s", kApexRoot, kApexSharedLibsSubDir,
lib_path, library_name.c_str());
auto symlink_dir = PathExists(library_symlink_dir);
if (!symlink_dir.ok() || !*symlink_dir) {
std::filesystem::create_directory(library_symlink_dir, ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to create directory " << library_symlink_dir
<< ": " << ec.message();
}
}
auto inner_iter =
std::filesystem::directory_iterator(lib_entry.path().string());
while (inner_iter != std::filesystem::end(inner_iter)) {
const auto& lib_items = *inner_iter;
const auto hash_value = lib_items.path().filename();
const std::string library_symlink_hash = StringPrintf(
"%s/%s", library_symlink_dir.c_str(), hash_value.c_str());
auto hash_dir = PathExists(library_symlink_hash);
if (hash_dir.ok() && *hash_dir) {
// Compare file size for two library files with same name and hash
// value
auto existing_file_path =
library_symlink_hash + "/" + library_name.string();
auto existing_file_size = GetFileSize(existing_file_path);
if (!existing_file_size.ok()) {
return existing_file_size.error();
}
auto new_file_path =
lib_items.path().string() + "/" + library_name.string();
auto new_file_size = GetFileSize(new_file_path);
if (!new_file_size.ok()) {
return new_file_size.error();
}
if (*existing_file_size != *new_file_size) {
return Error() << "There are two libraries with same hash and "
"different file size : "
<< existing_file_path << " and " << new_file_path;
}
inner_iter = inner_iter.increment(ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to scan " << lib_entry.path().string()
<< " : " << ec.message();
}
continue;
}
std::filesystem::create_directory_symlink(lib_items.path(),
library_symlink_hash, ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to create symlink from " << lib_items.path()
<< " to " << library_symlink_hash << ec.message();
}
inner_iter = inner_iter.increment(ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to scan " << lib_entry.path().string()
<< " : " << ec.message();
}
}
iter = iter.increment(ec);
if (ec) {
return Error() << "Failed to scan " << apex_lib_path << " : "
<< ec.message();
}
}
}
return {};
}
bool IsValidPackageName(const std::string& package_name) {
return kBannedApexName.count(package_name) == 0;
}
Result<void> ActivatePackageImpl(const ApexFile& apex_file) {
const ApexManifest& manifest = apex_file.GetManifest();
if (!IsValidPackageName(manifest.name())) {
return Errorf("Package name {} is not allowed.", manifest.name());
}
// See whether we think it's active, and do not allow to activate the same
// version. Also detect whether this is the highest version.
// We roll this into a single check.
bool is_newest_version = true;
bool version_found_mounted = false;
{
uint64_t new_version = manifest.version();
bool version_found_active = false;
gMountedApexes.ForallMountedApexes(
manifest.name(), [&](const MountedApexData& data, bool latest) {
Result<ApexFile> other_apex = ApexFile::Open(data.full_path);
if (!other_apex.ok()) {
return;
}
if (static_cast<uint64_t>(other_apex->GetManifest().version()) ==
new_version) {
version_found_mounted = true;
version_found_active = latest;
}
if (static_cast<uint64_t>(other_apex->GetManifest().version()) >
new_version) {
is_newest_version = false;
}
});
// If the package provides shared libraries to other APEXs, we need to
// activate all versions available (i.e. preloaded on /system/apex and
// available on /data/apex/active). The reason is that there might be some
// APEXs loaded from /system/apex that reference the libraries contained on
// the preloaded version of the apex providing shared libraries.
if (version_found_active && !manifest.providesharedapexlibs()) {
LOG(DEBUG) << "Package " << manifest.name() << " with version "
<< manifest.version() << " already active";
return {};
}
}
const std::string& mount_point =
apexd_private::GetPackageMountPoint(manifest);
if (!version_found_mounted) {
auto mount_status = MountPackage(apex_file, mount_point);
if (!mount_status.ok()) {
return mount_status;
}
}
// For packages providing shared libraries, avoid creating a bindmount since
// there is no use for the /apex/<package_name> directory. However, mark the
// highest version as latest so that the latest version of the package can be
// properly reported to PackageManager.
if (manifest.providesharedapexlibs()) {
if (is_newest_version) {
gMountedApexes.SetLatest(manifest.name(), apex_file.GetPath());
}
} else {
bool mounted_latest = false;
// Bind mount the latest version to /apex/<package_name>, unless the
// package provides shared libraries to other APEXs.
if (is_newest_version) {
const Result<void>& update_st = apexd_private::BindMount(
apexd_private::GetActiveMountPoint(manifest), mount_point);
mounted_latest = update_st.has_value();
if (!update_st.ok()) {
return Error() << "Failed to update package " << manifest.name()
<< " to version " << manifest.version() << " : "
<< update_st.error();
}
}
if (mounted_latest) {
gMountedApexes.SetLatest(manifest.name(), apex_file.GetPath());
}
}
if (manifest.providesharedapexlibs()) {
const auto& handle_shared_libs_apex =
ActivateSharedLibsPackage(mount_point);
if (!handle_shared_libs_apex.ok()) {
return handle_shared_libs_apex;
}
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "Successfully activated " << apex_file.GetPath()
<< " package_name: " << manifest.name()
<< " version: " << manifest.version();
return {};
}
Result<void> ActivatePackage(const std::string& full_path) {
LOG(INFO) << "Trying to activate " << full_path;
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(full_path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return apex_file.error();
}
return ActivatePackageImpl(*apex_file);
}
Result<void> DeactivatePackage(const std::string& full_path) {
LOG(INFO) << "Trying to deactivate " << full_path;
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(full_path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return apex_file.error();
}
return UnmountPackage(*apex_file, /* allow_latest= */ true);
}
std::vector<ApexFile> GetActivePackages() {
std::vector<ApexFile> ret;
gMountedApexes.ForallMountedApexes(
[&](const std::string&, const MountedApexData& data, bool latest) {
if (!latest) {
return;
}
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(data.full_path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return;
}
ret.emplace_back(std::move(*apex_file));
});
return ret;
}
Result<void> EmitApexInfoList(bool is_bootstrap) {
// on a non-updatable device, we don't have APEX database to emit
if (!android::sysprop::ApexProperties::updatable().value_or(false)) {
return {};
}
std::vector<com::android::apex::ApexInfo> apex_infos;
auto convert_to_autogen = [&apex_infos](const ApexFile& apex,
bool is_active) {
auto& instance = ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance();
auto preinstalled_path =
instance.GetPreinstalledPath(apex.GetManifest().name());
std::optional<std::string> preinstalled_module_path;
if (preinstalled_path.ok()) {
preinstalled_module_path = *preinstalled_path;
}
com::android::apex::ApexInfo apex_info(
apex.GetManifest().name(), apex.GetPath(), preinstalled_module_path,
apex.GetManifest().version(), apex.GetManifest().versionname(),
instance.IsPreInstalledApex(apex), is_active);
apex_infos.emplace_back(apex_info);
};
// Apexd runs both in "bootstrap" and "default" mount namespace.
// To expose /apex/apex-info-list.xml separately in each mount namespaces,
// we write /apex/.<namespace>-apex-info-list .xml file first and then
// bind mount it to the canonical file (/apex/apex-info-list.xml).
const std::string file_name =
fmt::format("{}/.{}-{}", kApexRoot,
is_bootstrap ? "bootstrap" : "default", kApexInfoList);
unique_fd fd(TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(
open(file_name.c_str(), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_CLOEXEC, 0644)));
if (fd.get() == -1) {
return ErrnoErrorf("Can't open {}", file_name);
}
const auto& active = GetActivePackages();
for (const auto& apex : active) {
convert_to_autogen(apex, true /* is_active */);
}
// we skip for non-activated built-in apexes in bootstrap mode
// in order to avoid boottime increase
if (!is_bootstrap) {
for (const auto& apex : GetFactoryPackages()) {
const auto& same_path = [&apex](const auto& o) {
return o.GetPath() == apex.GetPath();
};
if (std::find_if(active.begin(), active.end(), same_path) ==
active.end()) {
convert_to_autogen(apex, false /* is_active */);
}
}
}
std::stringstream xml;
com::android::apex::ApexInfoList apex_info_list(apex_infos);
com::android::apex::write(xml, apex_info_list);
if (!android::base::WriteStringToFd(xml.str(), fd)) {
return ErrnoErrorf("Can't write to {}", file_name);
}
fd.reset();
const std::string mount_point =
fmt::format("{}/{}", kApexRoot, kApexInfoList);
if (access(mount_point.c_str(), F_OK) != 0) {
close(open(mount_point.c_str(), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_CLOEXEC,
0644));
}
if (mount(file_name.c_str(), mount_point.c_str(), nullptr, MS_BIND,
nullptr) == -1) {
return ErrnoErrorf("Can't bind mount {} to {}", file_name, mount_point);
}
return RestoreconPath(file_name);
}
namespace {
std::unordered_map<std::string, uint64_t> GetActivePackagesMap() {
std::vector<ApexFile> active_packages = GetActivePackages();
std::unordered_map<std::string, uint64_t> ret;
for (const auto& package : active_packages) {
const ApexManifest& manifest = package.GetManifest();
ret.insert({manifest.name(), manifest.version()});
}
return ret;
}
} // namespace
std::vector<ApexFile> GetFactoryPackages() {
std::vector<ApexFile> ret;
for (const auto& dir : kApexPackageBuiltinDirs) {
auto apex_files = FindApexFilesByName(dir);
if (!apex_files.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << apex_files.error();
continue;
}
for (const std::string& path : *apex_files) {
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << apex_file.error();
} else {
ret.emplace_back(std::move(*apex_file));
}
}
}
return ret;
}
Result<ApexFile> GetActivePackage(const std::string& packageName) {
std::vector<ApexFile> packages = GetActivePackages();
for (ApexFile& apex : packages) {
if (apex.GetManifest().name() == packageName) {
return std::move(apex);
}
}
return ErrnoError() << "Cannot find matching package for: " << packageName;
}
/**
* Abort individual staged session.
*
* Returns without error only if session was successfully aborted.
**/
Result<void> AbortStagedSession(int session_id) {
auto session = ApexSession::GetSession(session_id);
if (!session.ok()) {
return Error() << "No session found with id " << session_id;
}
switch (session->GetState()) {
case SessionState::VERIFIED:
[[clang::fallthrough]];
case SessionState::STAGED:
return session->DeleteSession();
default:
return Error() << "Session " << *session << " can't be aborted";
}
}
// TODO(b/139041058): cleanup activation logic to avoid unnecessary scanning.
namespace {
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> ScanApexFiles(const char* apex_package_dir) {
LOG(INFO) << "Scanning " << apex_package_dir << " looking for APEX packages.";
if (access(apex_package_dir, F_OK) != 0 && errno == ENOENT) {
LOG(INFO) << "... does not exist. Skipping";
return {};
}
Result<std::vector<std::string>> scan = FindApexFilesByName(apex_package_dir);
if (!scan.ok()) {
return Error() << "Failed to scan " << apex_package_dir << " : "
<< scan.error();
}
std::vector<ApexFile> ret;
for (const auto& name : *scan) {
LOG(INFO) << "Found " << name;
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(name);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to scan " << name << " : " << apex_file.error();
} else {
ret.emplace_back(std::move(*apex_file));
}
}
return ret;
}
std::vector<Result<void>> ActivateApexWorker(
std::queue<const ApexFile*>& apex_queue, std::mutex& mutex) {
std::vector<Result<void>> ret;
while (true) {
const ApexFile* apex;
{
std::lock_guard lock(mutex);
if (apex_queue.empty()) break;
apex = apex_queue.front();
apex_queue.pop();
}
if (auto res = ActivatePackageImpl(*apex); !res.ok()) {
ret.push_back(Error() << "Failed to activate " << apex->GetPath() << " : "
<< res.error());
} else {
ret.push_back({});
}
}
return ret;
}
Result<void> ActivateApexPackages(const std::vector<ApexFile>& apexes) {
const auto& packages_with_code = GetActivePackagesMap();
size_t skipped_cnt = 0;
std::queue<const ApexFile*> apex_queue;
std::mutex apex_queue_mutex;
for (const auto& apex : apexes) {
if (!apex.GetManifest().providesharedapexlibs()) {
uint64_t new_version =
static_cast<uint64_t>(apex.GetManifest().version());
const auto& it = packages_with_code.find(apex.GetManifest().name());
if (it != packages_with_code.end() && it->second >= new_version) {
LOG(INFO) << "Skipping activation of " << apex.GetPath()
<< " same package with higher version " << it->second
<< " is already active";
skipped_cnt++;
continue;
}
}
apex_queue.emplace(&apex);
}
// Creates threads as many as half number of cores for the performance.
size_t worker_num = std::max(get_nprocs_conf() >> 1, 1);
worker_num = std::min(apex_queue.size(), worker_num);
// On -eng builds there might be two different pre-installed art apexes.
// Attempting to activate them in parallel will result in UB (e.g.
// apexd-bootstrap might crash). In order to avoid this, for the time being on
// -eng builds activate apexes sequentially.
// TODO(b/176497601): remove this.
if (GetProperty("ro.build.type", "") == "eng") {
worker_num = 1;
}
std::vector<std::future<std::vector<Result<void>>>> futures;
futures.reserve(worker_num);
for (size_t i = 0; i < worker_num; i++)
futures.push_back(std::async(std::launch::async, ActivateApexWorker,
std::ref(apex_queue),
std::ref(apex_queue_mutex)));
size_t activated_cnt = 0;
size_t failed_cnt = 0;
for (size_t i = 0; i < futures.size(); i++) {
for (const auto& res : futures[i].get()) {
if (res.ok()) {
++activated_cnt;
} else {
++failed_cnt;
LOG(ERROR) << res.error();
}
}
}
if (failed_cnt > 0) {
return Error() << "Failed to activate " << failed_cnt << " APEX packages";
}
LOG(INFO) << "Activated " << activated_cnt
<< " packages. Skipped: " << skipped_cnt;
return {};
}
bool ShouldActivateApexOnData(const ApexFile& apex) {
return ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance().HasPreInstalledVersion(
apex.GetManifest().name());
}
} // namespace
Result<void> ScanPackagesDirAndActivate(const char* apex_package_dir) {
auto apexes = ScanApexFiles(apex_package_dir);
if (!apexes.ok()) {
return apexes.error();
}
return ActivateApexPackages(*apexes);
}
/**
* Snapshots data from base_dir/apexdata/<apex name> to
* base_dir/apexrollback/<rollback id>/<apex name>.
*/
Result<void> SnapshotDataDirectory(const std::string& base_dir,
const int rollback_id,
const std::string& apex_name,
bool pre_restore = false) {
auto rollback_path =
StringPrintf("%s/%s/%d%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexSnapshotSubDir,
rollback_id, pre_restore ? kPreRestoreSuffix : "");
const Result<void> result = CreateDirIfNeeded(rollback_path, 0700);
if (!result.ok()) {
return Error() << "Failed to create snapshot directory for rollback "
<< rollback_id << " : " << result.error();
}
auto from_path = StringPrintf("%s/%s/%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexDataSubDir,
apex_name.c_str());
auto to_path =
StringPrintf("%s/%s", rollback_path.c_str(), apex_name.c_str());
return ReplaceFiles(from_path, to_path);
}
/**
* Restores snapshot from base_dir/apexrollback/<rollback id>/<apex name>
* to base_dir/apexdata/<apex name>.
* Note the snapshot will be deleted after restoration succeeded.
*/
Result<void> RestoreDataDirectory(const std::string& base_dir,
const int rollback_id,
const std::string& apex_name,
bool pre_restore = false) {
auto from_path = StringPrintf(
"%s/%s/%d%s/%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexSnapshotSubDir, rollback_id,
pre_restore ? kPreRestoreSuffix : "", apex_name.c_str());
auto to_path = StringPrintf("%s/%s/%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexDataSubDir,
apex_name.c_str());
Result<void> result = ReplaceFiles(from_path, to_path);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result;
}
result = RestoreconPath(to_path);
if (!result.ok()) {
return result;
}
result = DeleteDir(from_path);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to delete the snapshot: " << result.error();
}
return {};
}
void SnapshotOrRestoreDeIfNeeded(const std::string& base_dir,
const ApexSession& session) {
if (session.HasRollbackEnabled()) {
for (const auto& apex_name : session.GetApexNames()) {
Result<void> result =
SnapshotDataDirectory(base_dir, session.GetRollbackId(), apex_name);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Snapshot failed for " << apex_name << ": "
<< result.error();
}
}
} else if (session.IsRollback()) {
for (const auto& apex_name : session.GetApexNames()) {
if (!gInFsCheckpointMode) {
// Snapshot before restore so this rollback can be reverted.
SnapshotDataDirectory(base_dir, session.GetRollbackId(), apex_name,
true /* pre_restore */);
}
Result<void> result =
RestoreDataDirectory(base_dir, session.GetRollbackId(), apex_name);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Restore of data failed for " << apex_name << ": "
<< result.error();
}
}
}
}
void SnapshotOrRestoreDeSysData() {
auto sessions = ApexSession::GetSessionsInState(SessionState::ACTIVATED);
for (const ApexSession& session : sessions) {
SnapshotOrRestoreDeIfNeeded(kDeSysDataDir, session);
}
}
int SnapshotOrRestoreDeUserData() {
auto user_dirs = GetDeUserDirs();
if (!user_dirs.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Error reading dirs " << user_dirs.error();
return 1;
}
auto sessions = ApexSession::GetSessionsInState(SessionState::ACTIVATED);
for (const ApexSession& session : sessions) {
for (const auto& user_dir : *user_dirs) {
SnapshotOrRestoreDeIfNeeded(user_dir, session);
}
}
return 0;
}
Result<void> SnapshotCeData(const int user_id, const int rollback_id,
const std::string& apex_name) {
auto base_dir = StringPrintf("%s/%d", kCeDataDir, user_id);
return SnapshotDataDirectory(base_dir, rollback_id, apex_name);
}
Result<void> RestoreCeData(const int user_id, const int rollback_id,
const std::string& apex_name) {
auto base_dir = StringPrintf("%s/%d", kCeDataDir, user_id);
return RestoreDataDirectory(base_dir, rollback_id, apex_name);
}
// Migrates sessions directory from /data/apex/sessions to
// /metadata/apex/sessions, if necessary.
Result<void> MigrateSessionsDirIfNeeded() {
return ApexSession::MigrateToMetadataSessionsDir();
}
Result<void> DestroySnapshots(const std::string& base_dir,
const int rollback_id) {
auto path = StringPrintf("%s/%s/%d", base_dir.c_str(), kApexSnapshotSubDir,
rollback_id);
return DeleteDir(path);
}
Result<void> DestroyDeSnapshots(const int rollback_id) {
DestroySnapshots(kDeSysDataDir, rollback_id);
auto user_dirs = GetDeUserDirs();
if (!user_dirs.ok()) {
return Error() << "Error reading user dirs " << user_dirs.error();
}
for (const auto& user_dir : *user_dirs) {
DestroySnapshots(user_dir, rollback_id);
}
return {};
}
Result<void> DestroyCeSnapshots(const int user_id, const int rollback_id) {
auto path = StringPrintf("%s/%d/%s/%d", kCeDataDir, user_id,
kApexSnapshotSubDir, rollback_id);
return DeleteDir(path);
}
/**
* Deletes all credential-encrypted snapshots for the given user, except for
* those listed in retain_rollback_ids.
*/
Result<void> DestroyCeSnapshotsNotSpecified(
int user_id, const std::vector<int>& retain_rollback_ids) {
auto snapshot_root =
StringPrintf("%s/%d/%s", kCeDataDir, user_id, kApexSnapshotSubDir);
auto snapshot_dirs = GetSubdirs(snapshot_root);
if (!snapshot_dirs.ok()) {
return Error() << "Error reading snapshot dirs " << snapshot_dirs.error();
}
for (const auto& snapshot_dir : *snapshot_dirs) {
uint snapshot_id;
bool parse_ok = ParseUint(
std::filesystem::path(snapshot_dir).filename().c_str(), &snapshot_id);
if (parse_ok &&
std::find(retain_rollback_ids.begin(), retain_rollback_ids.end(),
snapshot_id) == retain_rollback_ids.end()) {
Result<void> result = DeleteDir(snapshot_dir);
if (!result.ok()) {
return Error() << "Destroy CE snapshot failed for " << snapshot_dir
<< " : " << result.error();
}
}
}
return {};
}
void RestorePreRestoreSnapshotsIfPresent(const std::string& base_dir,
const ApexSession& session) {
auto pre_restore_snapshot_path =
StringPrintf("%s/%s/%d%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexSnapshotSubDir,
session.GetRollbackId(), kPreRestoreSuffix);
if (PathExists(pre_restore_snapshot_path).ok()) {
for (const auto& apex_name : session.GetApexNames()) {
Result<void> result = RestoreDataDirectory(
base_dir, session.GetRollbackId(), apex_name, true /* pre_restore */);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Restore of pre-restore snapshot failed for " << apex_name
<< ": " << result.error();
}
}
Result<void> result = DeleteDir(pre_restore_snapshot_path);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Deletion of pre-restore snapshot failed: "
<< result.error();
}
}
}
void RestoreDePreRestoreSnapshotsIfPresent(const ApexSession& session) {
RestorePreRestoreSnapshotsIfPresent(kDeSysDataDir, session);
auto user_dirs = GetDeUserDirs();
if (!user_dirs.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Error reading user dirs to restore pre-restore snapshots"
<< user_dirs.error();
}
for (const auto& user_dir : *user_dirs) {
RestorePreRestoreSnapshotsIfPresent(user_dir, session);
}
}
void DeleteDePreRestoreSnapshots(const std::string& base_dir,
const ApexSession& session) {
auto pre_restore_snapshot_path =
StringPrintf("%s/%s/%d%s", base_dir.c_str(), kApexSnapshotSubDir,
session.GetRollbackId(), kPreRestoreSuffix);
Result<void> result = DeleteDir(pre_restore_snapshot_path);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Deletion of pre-restore snapshot failed: " << result.error();
}
}
void DeleteDePreRestoreSnapshots(const ApexSession& session) {
DeleteDePreRestoreSnapshots(kDeSysDataDir, session);
auto user_dirs = GetDeUserDirs();
if (!user_dirs.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Error reading user dirs to delete pre-restore snapshots"
<< user_dirs.error();
}
for (const auto& user_dir : *user_dirs) {
DeleteDePreRestoreSnapshots(user_dir, session);
}
}
void OnBootCompleted() {
ApexdLifecycle::GetInstance().MarkBootCompleted();
BootCompletedCleanup();
}
void ScanStagedSessionsDirAndStage() {
LOG(INFO) << "Scanning " << ApexSession::GetSessionsDir()
<< " looking for sessions to be activated.";
auto sessions_to_activate =
ApexSession::GetSessionsInState(SessionState::STAGED);
if (gSupportsFsCheckpoints) {
// A session that is in the ACTIVATED state should still be re-activated if
// fs checkpointing is supported. In this case, a session may be in the
// ACTIVATED state yet the data/apex/active directory may have been
// reverted. The session should be reverted in this scenario.
auto activated_sessions =
ApexSession::GetSessionsInState(SessionState::ACTIVATED);
sessions_to_activate.insert(sessions_to_activate.end(),
activated_sessions.begin(),
activated_sessions.end());
}
for (auto& session : sessions_to_activate) {
auto session_id = session.GetId();
auto session_failed_fn = [&]() {
LOG(WARNING) << "Marking session " << session_id << " as failed.";
auto st = session.UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::ACTIVATION_FAILED);
if (!st.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to mark session " << session_id
<< " as failed : " << st.error();
}
};
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard(session_failed_fn);
std::string build_fingerprint = GetProperty(kBuildFingerprintSysprop, "");
if (session.GetBuildFingerprint().compare(build_fingerprint) != 0) {
LOG(ERROR) << "APEX build fingerprint has changed";
continue;
}
std::vector<std::string> dirs_to_scan;
if (session.GetChildSessionIds().empty()) {
dirs_to_scan.push_back(std::string(kStagedSessionsDir) + "/session_" +
std::to_string(session_id));
} else {
for (auto child_session_id : session.GetChildSessionIds()) {
dirs_to_scan.push_back(std::string(kStagedSessionsDir) + "/session_" +
std::to_string(child_session_id));
}
}
std::vector<std::string> apexes;
bool scan_successful = true;
for (const auto& dir_to_scan : dirs_to_scan) {
Result<std::vector<std::string>> scan = FindApexFilesByName(dir_to_scan);
if (!scan.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << scan.error();
scan_successful = false;
break;
}
if (scan->size() > 1) {
LOG(WARNING) << "More than one APEX package found in the same session "
<< "directory " << dir_to_scan << ", skipping activation.";
scan_successful = false;
break;
}
if (scan->empty()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "No APEX packages found while scanning " << dir_to_scan
<< " session id: " << session_id << ".";
scan_successful = false;
break;
}
apexes.push_back(std::move((*scan)[0]));
}
if (!scan_successful) {
continue;
}
// Run postinstall, if necessary.
Result<void> postinstall_status = PostinstallPackages(apexes);
if (!postinstall_status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Postinstall failed for session "
<< std::to_string(session_id) << ": "
<< postinstall_status.error();
continue;
}
for (const auto& apex : apexes) {
// TODO(b/158470836): Avoid opening ApexFile repeatedly.
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(apex);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Cannot open apex file during staging: " << apex;
continue;
}
session.AddApexName(apex_file->GetManifest().name());
}
const Result<void> result = StagePackages(apexes);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Activation failed for packages " << Join(apexes, ',')
<< ": " << result.error();
continue;
}
// Session was OK, release scopeguard.
scope_guard.Disable();
auto st = session.UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::ACTIVATED);
if (!st.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to mark " << session
<< " as activated : " << st.error();
}
}
}
Result<void> PreinstallPackages(const std::vector<std::string>& paths) {
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> apex_files = OpenApexFiles(paths);
if (!apex_files.ok()) {
return apex_files.error();
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "PreinstallPackages() for " << Join(paths, ',');
return PreinstallPackages(*apex_files);
}
Result<void> PostinstallPackages(const std::vector<std::string>& paths) {
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> apex_files = OpenApexFiles(paths);
if (!apex_files.ok()) {
return apex_files.error();
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "PostinstallPackages() for " << Join(paths, ',');
return PostinstallPackages(*apex_files);
}
namespace {
std::string StageDestPath(const ApexFile& apex_file) {
return StringPrintf("%s/%s%s", kActiveApexPackagesDataDir,
GetPackageId(apex_file.GetManifest()).c_str(),
kApexPackageSuffix);
}
} // namespace
Result<void> StagePackages(const std::vector<std::string>& tmp_paths) {
if (tmp_paths.empty()) {
return Errorf("Empty set of inputs");
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "StagePackages() for " << Join(tmp_paths, ',');
// Note: this function is temporary. As such the code is not optimized, e.g.,
// it will open ApexFiles multiple times.
// 1) Verify all packages.
auto verify_status = VerifyPackages(tmp_paths, VerifyPackageBoot);
if (!verify_status.ok()) {
return verify_status.error();
}
// Make sure that kActiveApexPackagesDataDir exists.
auto create_dir_status =
CreateDirIfNeeded(std::string(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir), 0755);
if (!create_dir_status.ok()) {
return create_dir_status.error();
}
// 2) Now stage all of them.
// Ensure the APEX gets removed on failure.
std::unordered_set<std::string> staged_files;
std::vector<std::string> changed_hashtree_files;
auto deleter = [&staged_files, &changed_hashtree_files]() {
for (const std::string& staged_path : staged_files) {
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(unlink(staged_path.c_str())) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Unable to unlink " << staged_path;
}
}
for (const std::string& hashtree_file : changed_hashtree_files) {
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(unlink(hashtree_file.c_str())) != 0) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Unable to unlink " << hashtree_file;
}
}
};
auto scope_guard = android::base::make_scope_guard(deleter);
std::unordered_set<std::string> staged_packages;
for (const std::string& path : tmp_paths) {
Result<ApexFile> apex_file = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex_file.ok()) {
return apex_file.error();
}
// First promote new hashtree file to the one that will be used when
// mounting apex.
std::string new_hashtree_file = GetHashTreeFileName(*apex_file,
/* is_new = */ true);
std::string old_hashtree_file = GetHashTreeFileName(*apex_file,
/* is_new = */ false);
if (access(new_hashtree_file.c_str(), F_OK) == 0) {
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(rename(new_hashtree_file.c_str(),
old_hashtree_file.c_str())) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to move " << new_hashtree_file << " to "
<< old_hashtree_file;
}
changed_hashtree_files.emplace_back(std::move(old_hashtree_file));
}
// And only then move apex to /data/apex/active.
std::string dest_path = StageDestPath(*apex_file);
if (access(dest_path.c_str(), F_OK) == 0) {
LOG(DEBUG) << dest_path << " already exists. Deleting";
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(unlink(dest_path.c_str())) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Failed to unlink " << dest_path;
}
}
if (link(apex_file->GetPath().c_str(), dest_path.c_str()) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Unable to link " << apex_file->GetPath() << " to "
<< dest_path;
}
staged_files.insert(dest_path);
staged_packages.insert(apex_file->GetManifest().name());
LOG(DEBUG) << "Success linking " << apex_file->GetPath() << " to "
<< dest_path;
}
scope_guard.Disable(); // Accept the state.
return RemovePreviouslyActiveApexFiles(staged_packages, staged_files);
}
Result<void> UnstagePackages(const std::vector<std::string>& paths) {
if (paths.empty()) {
return Errorf("Empty set of inputs");
}
LOG(DEBUG) << "UnstagePackages() for " << Join(paths, ',');
for (const std::string& path : paths) {
auto apex = ApexFile::Open(path);
if (!apex.ok()) {
return apex.error();
}
if (ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance().IsPreInstalledApex(*apex)) {
return Error() << "Can't uninstall pre-installed apex " << path;
}
}
for (const std::string& path : paths) {
if (unlink(path.c_str()) != 0) {
return ErrnoError() << "Can't unlink " << path;
}
}
return {};
}
/**
* During apex installation, staged sessions located in /data/apex/sessions
* mutate the active sessions in /data/apex/active. If some error occurs during
* installation of apex, we need to revert /data/apex/active to its original
* state and reboot.
*
* Also, we need to put staged sessions in /data/apex/sessions in REVERTED state
* so that they do not get activated on next reboot.
*/
Result<void> RevertActiveSessions(const std::string& crashing_native_process) {
// First check whenever there is anything to revert. If there is none, then
// fail. This prevents apexd from boot looping a device in case a native
// process is crashing and there are no apex updates.
auto active_sessions = ApexSession::GetActiveSessions();
if (active_sessions.empty()) {
return Error() << "Revert requested, when there are no active sessions.";
}
for (auto& session : active_sessions) {
if (!crashing_native_process.empty()) {
session.SetCrashingNativeProcess(crashing_native_process);
}
auto status =
session.UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::REVERT_IN_PROGRESS);
if (!status.ok()) {
return Error() << "Revert of session " << session
<< " failed : " << status.error();
}
}
if (!gInFsCheckpointMode) {
auto restore_status = RestoreActivePackages();
if (!restore_status.ok()) {
for (auto& session : active_sessions) {
auto st = session.UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::REVERT_FAILED);
LOG(DEBUG) << "Marking " << session << " as failed to revert";
if (!st.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to mark session " << session
<< " as failed to revert : " << st.error();
}
}
return restore_status;
}
} else {
LOG(INFO) << "Not restoring active packages in checkpoint mode.";
}
for (auto& session : active_sessions) {
if (!gInFsCheckpointMode && session.IsRollback()) {
// If snapshots have already been restored, undo that by restoring the
// pre-restore snapshot.
RestoreDePreRestoreSnapshotsIfPresent(session);
}
auto status = session.UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::REVERTED);
if (!status.ok()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to mark session " << session
<< " as reverted : " << status.error();
}
}
return {};
}
Result<void> RevertActiveSessionsAndReboot(
const std::string& crashing_native_process) {
auto status = RevertActiveSessions(crashing_native_process);
if (!status.ok()) {
return status;
}
LOG(ERROR) << "Successfully reverted. Time to reboot device.";
if (gInFsCheckpointMode) {
Result<void> res = gVoldService->AbortChanges(
"apexd_initiated" /* message */, false /* retry */);
if (!res.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << res.error();
}
}
Reboot();
return {};
}
Result<void> CreateSharedLibsApexDir() {
// Creates /apex/sharedlibs/lib{,64} for SharedLibs APEXes.
std::string shared_libs_sub_dir =
StringPrintf("%s/%s", kApexRoot, kApexSharedLibsSubDir);
auto dir_exists = PathExists(shared_libs_sub_dir);
if (!dir_exists.ok() || !*dir_exists) {
std::error_code error_code;
std::filesystem::create_directory(shared_libs_sub_dir, error_code);
if (error_code) {
return Error() << "Failed to create directory " << shared_libs_sub_dir
<< ": " << error_code.message();
}
}
for (const auto& lib_path : {"lib", "lib64"}) {
std::string apex_lib_path =
StringPrintf("%s/%s", shared_libs_sub_dir.c_str(), lib_path);
auto lib_dir_exists = PathExists(apex_lib_path);
if (!lib_dir_exists.ok() || !*lib_dir_exists) {
std::error_code error_code;
std::filesystem::create_directory(apex_lib_path, error_code);
if (error_code) {
return Error() << "Failed to create directory " << apex_lib_path << ": "
<< error_code.message();
}
}
}
return {};
}
int OnBootstrap() {
Result<void> pre_allocate = PreAllocateLoopDevices();
if (!pre_allocate.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to pre-allocate loop devices : "
<< pre_allocate.error();
}
ApexPreinstalledData& instance = ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance();
static const std::vector<std::string> kBootstrapApexDirs{
kApexPackageSystemDir, kApexPackageSystemExtDir, kApexPackageVendorDir};
Result<void> status = instance.Initialize(kBootstrapApexDirs);
if (!status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to collect APEX keys : " << status.error();
return 1;
}
// Create directories for APEX shared libraries.
auto sharedlibs_apex_dir = CreateSharedLibsApexDir();
if (!sharedlibs_apex_dir.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << sharedlibs_apex_dir.error();
return 1;
}
// Find all bootstrap apexes
std::vector<ApexFile> bootstrap_apexes;
for (const auto& dir : kBootstrapApexDirs) {
auto scan = ScanApexFiles(dir.c_str());
if (!scan.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to scan APEX files in " << dir << " : "
<< scan.error();
return 1;
}
std::copy_if(std::make_move_iterator(scan->begin()),
std::make_move_iterator(scan->end()),
std::back_inserter(bootstrap_apexes), IsBootstrapApex);
}
// Now activate bootstrap apexes.
if (auto ret = ActivateApexPackages(bootstrap_apexes); !ret.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to activate bootstrap apex files : " << ret.error();
return 1;
}
OnAllPackagesActivated(/*is_bootstrap=*/true);
LOG(INFO) << "Bootstrapping done";
return 0;
}
Result<void> RemountApexFile(const std::string& path) {
if (auto ret = DeactivatePackage(path); !ret.ok()) {
return ret;
}
return ActivatePackage(path);
}
void InitializeVold(CheckpointInterface* checkpoint_service) {
if (checkpoint_service != nullptr) {
gVoldService = checkpoint_service;
Result<bool> supports_fs_checkpoints =
gVoldService->SupportsFsCheckpoints();
if (supports_fs_checkpoints.ok()) {
gSupportsFsCheckpoints = *supports_fs_checkpoints;
} else {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to check if filesystem checkpoints are supported: "
<< supports_fs_checkpoints.error();
}
if (gSupportsFsCheckpoints) {
Result<bool> needs_checkpoint = gVoldService->NeedsCheckpoint();
if (needs_checkpoint.ok()) {
gInFsCheckpointMode = *needs_checkpoint;
} else {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to check if we're in filesystem checkpoint mode: "
<< needs_checkpoint.error();
}
}
}
}
void Initialize(CheckpointInterface* checkpoint_service) {
InitializeVold(checkpoint_service);
ApexPreinstalledData& instance = ApexPreinstalledData::GetInstance();
Result<void> status = instance.Initialize(kApexPackageBuiltinDirs);
if (!status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to collect APEX keys : " << status.error();
return;
}
gMountedApexes.PopulateFromMounts();
}
void OnStart() {
LOG(INFO) << "Marking APEXd as starting";
if (!android::base::SetProperty(kApexStatusSysprop, kApexStatusStarting)) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to set " << kApexStatusSysprop << " to "
<< kApexStatusStarting;
}
// Ask whether we should revert any active sessions; this can happen if
// we've exceeded the retry count on a device that supports filesystem
// checkpointing.
if (gSupportsFsCheckpoints) {
Result<bool> needs_revert = gVoldService->NeedsRollback();
if (!needs_revert.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to check if we need a revert: "
<< needs_revert.error();
} else if (*needs_revert) {
LOG(INFO) << "Exceeded number of session retries ("
<< kNumRetriesWhenCheckpointingEnabled
<< "). Starting a revert";
RevertActiveSessions("");
}
}
// Create directories for APEX shared libraries.
auto sharedlibs_apex_dir = CreateSharedLibsApexDir();
if (!sharedlibs_apex_dir.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << sharedlibs_apex_dir.error();
}
// Activate APEXes from /data/apex. If one in the directory is newer than the
// system one, the new one will eclipse the old one.
ScanStagedSessionsDirAndStage();
auto status = ResumeRevertIfNeeded();
if (!status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to resume revert : " << status.error();
}
std::vector<ApexFile> data_apex;
if (auto scan = ScanApexFiles(kActiveApexPackagesDataDir); !scan.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to scan packages from " << kActiveApexPackagesDataDir
<< " : " << scan.error();
if (auto revert = RevertActiveSessionsAndReboot(""); !revert.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to revert : " << revert.error();
}
} else {
auto filter_fn = [](const ApexFile& apex) {
if (!ShouldActivateApexOnData(apex)) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Skipping " << apex.GetPath();
return false;
}
return true;
};
std::copy_if(std::make_move_iterator(scan->begin()),
std::make_move_iterator(scan->end()),
std::back_inserter(data_apex), filter_fn);
}
if (data_apex.size() > 0) {
Result<void> pre_allocate = loop::PreAllocateLoopDevices(data_apex.size());
if (!pre_allocate.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to pre-allocate loop devices : "
<< pre_allocate.error();
}
}
if (auto ret = ActivateApexPackages(data_apex); !ret.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to activate packages from "
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir << " : " << ret.error();
Result<void> revert_status = RevertActiveSessionsAndReboot("");
if (!revert_status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to revert : " << revert_status.error()
<< kActiveApexPackagesDataDir << " : " << ret.error();
}
}
// Now also scan and activate APEXes from pre-installed directories.
for (const auto& dir : kApexPackageBuiltinDirs) {
auto scan_status = ScanApexFiles(dir.c_str());
if (!scan_status.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to scan APEX packages from " << dir << " : "
<< scan_status.error();
if (auto revert = RevertActiveSessionsAndReboot(""); !revert.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to revert : " << revert.error();
}
}
if (auto activate = ActivateApexPackages(*scan_status); !activate.ok()) {
// This should never happen. Like **really** never.
LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to activate packages from " << dir << " : "
<< activate.error();
}
}
// Now that APEXes are mounted, snapshot or restore DE_sys data.
SnapshotOrRestoreDeSysData();
}
void OnAllPackagesActivated(bool is_bootstrap) {
auto result = EmitApexInfoList(is_bootstrap);
if (!result.ok()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "cannot emit apex info list: " << result.error();
}
// Because apexd in bootstrap mode runs in blocking mode
// we don't have to set as activated.
if (is_bootstrap) {
return;
}
// Set a system property to let other components know that APEXs are
// activated, but are not yet ready to be used. init is expected to wait
// for this status before performing configuration based on activated
// apexes. Other components that need to use APEXs should wait for the
// ready state instead.
LOG(INFO) << "Marking APEXd as activated";
if (!android::base::SetProperty(kApexStatusSysprop, kApexStatusActivated)) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to set " << kApexStatusSysprop << " to "
<< kApexStatusActivated;
}
}
void OnAllPackagesReady() {
// Set a system property to let other components know that APEXs are
// correctly mounted and ready to be used. Before using any file from APEXs,
// they can query this system property to ensure that they are okay to
// access. Or they may have a on-property trigger to delay a task until
// APEXs become ready.
LOG(INFO) << "Marking APEXd as ready";
if (!android::base::SetProperty(kApexStatusSysprop, kApexStatusReady)) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to set " << kApexStatusSysprop << " to "
<< kApexStatusReady;
}
}
Result<std::vector<ApexFile>> SubmitStagedSession(
const int session_id, const std::vector<int>& child_session_ids,
const bool has_rollback_enabled, const bool is_rollback,
const int rollback_id) {
if (session_id == 0) {
return Error() << "Session id was not provided.";
}
if (!gSupportsFsCheckpoints) {
Result<void> backup_status = BackupActivePackages();
if (!backup_status.ok()) {
// Do not proceed with staged install without backup
return backup_status.error();
}
}
std::vector<int> ids_to_scan;
if (!child_session_ids.empty()) {
ids_to_scan = child_session_ids;
} else {
ids_to_scan = {session_id};
}
std::vector<ApexFile> ret;
for (int id_to_scan : ids_to_scan) {
auto verified = VerifySessionDir(id_to_scan);
if (!verified.ok()) {
return verified.error();
}
ret.push_back(std::move(*verified));
}
// Run preinstall, if necessary.
Result<void> preinstall_status = PreinstallPackages(ret);
if (!preinstall_status.ok()) {
return preinstall_status.error();
}
if (has_rollback_enabled && is_rollback) {
return Error() << "Cannot set session " << session_id << " as both a"
<< " rollback and enabled for rollback.";
}
auto session = ApexSession::CreateSession(session_id);
if (!session.ok()) {
return session.error();
}
(*session).SetChildSessionIds(child_session_ids);
std::string build_fingerprint = GetProperty(kBuildFingerprintSysprop, "");
(*session).SetBuildFingerprint(build_fingerprint);
session->SetHasRollbackEnabled(has_rollback_enabled);
session->SetIsRollback(is_rollback);
session->SetRollbackId(rollback_id);
Result<void> commit_status =
(*session).UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::VERIFIED);
if (!commit_status.ok()) {
return commit_status.error();
}
return ret;
}
Result<void> MarkStagedSessionReady(const int session_id) {
auto session = ApexSession::GetSession(session_id);
if (!session.ok()) {
return session.error();
}
// We should only accept sessions in SessionState::VERIFIED or
// SessionState::STAGED state. In the SessionState::STAGED case, this
// function is effectively a no-op.
auto session_state = (*session).GetState();
if (session_state == SessionState::STAGED) {
return {};
}
if (session_state == SessionState::VERIFIED) {
return (*session).UpdateStateAndCommit(SessionState::STAGED);
}
return Error() << "Invalid state for session " << session_id
<< ". Cannot mark it as ready.";
}
Result<void> MarkStagedSessionSuccessful(const int session_id) {
auto session = ApexSession::GetSession(session_id);
if (!session.ok()) {
return session.error();
}
// Only SessionState::ACTIVATED or SessionState::SUCCESS states are accepted.
// In the SessionState::SUCCESS state, this function is a no-op.
if (session->GetState() == SessionState::SUCCESS) {
return {};
} else if (session->GetState() == SessionState::ACTIVATED) {