blob: 8d7113dfa93a551cff5a2d80f28c3628d8c3bd32 [file] [log] [blame]
"""An implementation of tabbed pages using only standard Tkinter.
Originally developed for use in IDLE. Based on
Classes exported:
TabbedPageSet -- A Tkinter implementation of a tabbed-page widget.
TabSet -- A widget containing tabs (buttons) in one or more rows.
from Tkinter import *
class InvalidNameError(Exception): pass
class AlreadyExistsError(Exception): pass
class TabSet(Frame):
"""A widget containing tabs (buttons) in one or more rows.
Only one tab may be selected at a time.
def __init__(self, page_set, select_command,
tabs=None, n_rows=1, max_tabs_per_row=5,
expand_tabs=False, **kw):
"""Constructor arguments:
select_command -- A callable which will be called when a tab is
selected. It is called with the name of the selected tab as an
tabs -- A list of strings, the names of the tabs. Should be specified in
the desired tab order. The first tab will be the default and first
active tab. If tabs is None or empty, the TabSet will be initialized
n_rows -- Number of rows of tabs to be shown. If n_rows <= 0 or is
None, then the number of rows will be decided by TabSet. See
_arrange_tabs() for details.
max_tabs_per_row -- Used for deciding how many rows of tabs are needed,
when the number of rows is not constant. See _arrange_tabs() for
Frame.__init__(self, page_set, **kw)
self.select_command = select_command
self.n_rows = n_rows
self.max_tabs_per_row = max_tabs_per_row
self.expand_tabs = expand_tabs
self.page_set = page_set
self._tabs = {}
self._tab2row = {}
if tabs:
self._tab_names = list(tabs)
self._tab_names = []
self._selected_tab = None
self._tab_rows = []
self.padding_frame = Frame(self, height=2,
borderwidth=0, relief=FLAT,
self.padding_frame.pack(side=TOP, fill=X, expand=False)
def add_tab(self, tab_name):
"""Add a new tab with the name given in tab_name."""
if not tab_name:
raise InvalidNameError("Invalid Tab name: '%s'" % tab_name)
if tab_name in self._tab_names:
raise AlreadyExistsError("Tab named '%s' already exists" %tab_name)
def remove_tab(self, tab_name):
"""Remove the tab named <tab_name>"""
if not tab_name in self._tab_names:
raise KeyError("No such Tab: '%s" % page_name)
def set_selected_tab(self, tab_name):
"""Show the tab named <tab_name> as the selected one"""
if tab_name == self._selected_tab:
if tab_name is not None and tab_name not in self._tabs:
raise KeyError("No such Tab: '%s" % page_name)
# deselect the current selected tab
if self._selected_tab is not None:
self._selected_tab = None
if tab_name is not None:
# activate the tab named tab_name
self._selected_tab = tab_name
tab = self._tabs[tab_name]
# move the tab row with the selected tab to the bottom
tab_row = self._tab2row[tab]
tab_row.pack(side=TOP, fill=X, expand=0)
def _add_tab_row(self, tab_names, expand_tabs):
if not tab_names:
tab_row = Frame(self)
tab_row.pack(side=TOP, fill=X, expand=0)
for tab_name in tab_names:
tab = TabSet.TabButton(tab_name, self.select_command,
tab_row, self)
if expand_tabs:
tab.pack(side=LEFT, fill=X, expand=True)
self._tabs[tab_name] = tab
self._tab2row[tab] = tab_row
# tab is the last one created in the above loop
tab.is_last_in_row = True
def _reset_tab_rows(self):
while self._tab_rows:
tab_row = self._tab_rows.pop()
self._tab2row = {}
def _arrange_tabs(self):
Arrange the tabs in rows, in the order in which they were added.
If n_rows >= 1, this will be the number of rows used. Otherwise the
number of rows will be calculated according to the number of tabs and
max_tabs_per_row. In this case, the number of rows may change when
adding/removing tabs.
# remove all tabs and rows
for tab_name in self._tabs.keys():
if not self._tab_names:
if self.n_rows is not None and self.n_rows > 0:
n_rows = self.n_rows
# calculate the required number of rows
n_rows = (len(self._tab_names) - 1) // self.max_tabs_per_row + 1
# not expanding the tabs with more than one row is very ugly
expand_tabs = self.expand_tabs or n_rows > 1
i = 0 # index in self._tab_names
for row_index in xrange(n_rows):
# calculate required number of tabs in this row
n_tabs = (len(self._tab_names) - i - 1) // (n_rows - row_index) + 1
tab_names = self._tab_names[i:i + n_tabs]
i += n_tabs
self._add_tab_row(tab_names, expand_tabs)
# re-select selected tab so it is properly displayed
selected = self._selected_tab
if selected in self._tab_names:
class TabButton(Frame):
"""A simple tab-like widget."""
bw = 2 # borderwidth
def __init__(self, name, select_command, tab_row, tab_set):
"""Constructor arguments:
name -- The tab's name, which will appear in its button.
select_command -- The command to be called upon selection of the
tab. It is called with the tab's name as an argument.
Frame.__init__(self, tab_row,, relief=RAISED) = name
self.select_command = select_command
self.tab_set = tab_set
self.is_last_in_row = False
self.button = Radiobutton(
self, text=name, command=self._select_event,
padx=5, pady=1, takefocus=FALSE, indicatoron=FALSE,
highlightthickness=0, selectcolor='', borderwidth=0)
self.button.pack(side=LEFT, fill=X, expand=True)
def _select_event(self, *args):
"""Event handler for tab selection.
With TabbedPageSet, this calls TabbedPageSet.change_page, so that
selecting a tab changes the page.
Note that this does -not- call set_selected -- it will be called by
TabSet.set_selected_tab, which should be called when whatever the
tabs are related to changes.
def set_selected(self):
"""Assume selected look"""
def set_normal(self):
"""Assume normal look"""
def _init_masks(self):
page_set = self.tab_set.page_set
background = page_set.pages_frame.cget('background')
# mask replaces the middle of the border with the background color
self.mask = Frame(page_set, borderwidth=0, relief=FLAT,
# mskl replaces the bottom-left corner of the border with a normal
# left border
self.mskl = Frame(page_set, borderwidth=0, relief=FLAT,
background=background) = Frame(self.mskl,,
# mskr replaces the bottom-right corner of the border with a normal
# right border
self.mskr = Frame(page_set, borderwidth=0, relief=FLAT,
background=background) = Frame(self.mskr,,
def _place_masks(self, selected=False):
height =
if selected:
height +=,
relx=0.0, x=0,
rely=1.0, y=0,
relwidth=1.0, width=0,
relheight=0.0, height=height),
rely=1.0, y=0,
relheight=0.0, height=height)
page_set = self.tab_set.page_set
if selected and ((not self.is_last_in_row) or
(self.winfo_rootx() + self.winfo_width() <
page_set.winfo_rootx() + page_set.winfo_width())
# for a selected tab, if its rightmost edge isn't on the
# rightmost edge of the page set, the right mask should be one
# borderwidth shorter (vertically)
height -=,
relx=1.0, x=0,
rely=1.0, y=0,
relheight=0.0, height=height),,
width=2*, height=height +*2)
# finally, lower the tab set so that all of the frames we just
# placed hide it
class TabbedPageSet(Frame):
"""A Tkinter tabbed-pane widget.
Constains set of 'pages' (or 'panes') with tabs above for selecting which
page is displayed. Only one page will be displayed at a time.
Pages may be accessed through the 'pages' attribute, which is a dictionary
of pages, using the name given as the key. A page is an instance of a
subclass of Tk's Frame widget.
The page widgets will be created (and destroyed when required) by the
TabbedPageSet. Do not call the page's pack/place/grid/destroy methods.
Pages may be added or removed at any time using the add_page() and
remove_page() methods.
class Page(object):
"""Abstract base class for TabbedPageSet's pages.
Subclasses must override the _show() and _hide() methods.
uses_grid = False
def __init__(self, page_set):
self.frame = Frame(page_set, borderwidth=2, relief=RAISED)
def _show(self):
raise NotImplementedError
def _hide(self):
raise NotImplementedError
class PageRemove(Page):
"""Page class using the grid placement manager's "remove" mechanism."""
uses_grid = True
def _show(self):
self.frame.grid(row=0, column=0, sticky=NSEW)
def _hide(self):
class PageLift(Page):
"""Page class using the grid placement manager's "lift" mechanism."""
uses_grid = True
def __init__(self, page_set):
super(TabbedPageSet.PageLift, self).__init__(page_set)
self.frame.grid(row=0, column=0, sticky=NSEW)
def _show(self):
def _hide(self):
class PagePackForget(Page):
"""Page class using the pack placement manager's "forget" mechanism."""
def _show(self):
self.frame.pack(fill=BOTH, expand=True)
def _hide(self):
def __init__(self, parent, page_names=None, page_class=PageLift,
n_rows=1, max_tabs_per_row=5, expand_tabs=False,
"""Constructor arguments:
page_names -- A list of strings, each will be the dictionary key to a
page's widget, and the name displayed on the page's tab. Should be
specified in the desired page order. The first page will be the default
and first active page. If page_names is None or empty, the
TabbedPageSet will be initialized empty.
n_rows, max_tabs_per_row -- Parameters for the TabSet which will
manage the tabs. See TabSet's docs for details.
page_class -- Pages can be shown/hidden using three mechanisms:
* PageLift - All pages will be rendered one on top of the other. When
a page is selected, it will be brought to the top, thus hiding all
other pages. Using this method, the TabbedPageSet will not be resized
when pages are switched. (It may still be resized when pages are
* PageRemove - When a page is selected, the currently showing page is
hidden, and the new page shown in its place. Using this method, the
TabbedPageSet may resize when pages are changed.
* PagePackForget - This mechanism uses the pack placement manager.
When a page is shown it is packed, and when it is hidden it is
unpacked (i.e. pack_forget). This mechanism may also cause the
TabbedPageSet to resize when the page is changed.
Frame.__init__(self, parent, **kw)
self.page_class = page_class
self.pages = {}
self._pages_order = []
self._current_page = None
self._default_page = None
self.columnconfigure(0, weight=1)
self.rowconfigure(1, weight=1)
self.pages_frame = Frame(self)
self.pages_frame.grid(row=1, column=0, sticky=NSEW)
if self.page_class.uses_grid:
self.pages_frame.columnconfigure(0, weight=1)
self.pages_frame.rowconfigure(0, weight=1)
# the order of the following commands is important
self._tab_set = TabSet(self, self.change_page, n_rows=n_rows,
if page_names:
for name in page_names:
self._tab_set.grid(row=0, column=0, sticky=NSEW)
def add_page(self, page_name):
"""Add a new page with the name given in page_name."""
if not page_name:
raise InvalidNameError("Invalid TabPage name: '%s'" % page_name)
if page_name in self.pages:
raise AlreadyExistsError(
"TabPage named '%s' already exists" % page_name)
self.pages[page_name] = self.page_class(self.pages_frame)
if len(self.pages) == 1: # adding first page
self._default_page = page_name
def remove_page(self, page_name):
"""Destroy the page whose name is given in page_name."""
if not page_name in self.pages:
raise KeyError("No such TabPage: '%s" % page_name)
# handle removing last remaining, default, or currently shown page
if len(self._pages_order) > 0:
if page_name == self._default_page:
# set a new default page
self._default_page = self._pages_order[0]
self._default_page = None
if page_name == self._current_page:
page = self.pages.pop(page_name)
def change_page(self, page_name):
"""Show the page whose name is given in page_name."""
if self._current_page == page_name:
if page_name is not None and page_name not in self.pages:
raise KeyError("No such TabPage: '%s'" % page_name)
if self._current_page is not None:
self._current_page = None
if page_name is not None:
self._current_page = page_name
if __name__ == '__main__':
# test dialog
tabPage=TabbedPageSet(root, page_names=['Foobar','Baz'], n_rows=0,
tabPage.pack(side=TOP, expand=TRUE, fill=BOTH)
Label(tabPage.pages['Foobar'].frame, text='Foo', pady=20).pack()
Label(tabPage.pages['Foobar'].frame, text='Bar', pady=20).pack()
Label(tabPage.pages['Baz'].frame, text='Baz').pack()
buttonAdd=Button(root, text='Add Page',
buttonRemove=Button(root, text='Remove Page',
labelPgName=Label(root, text='name of page to add/remove:')
buttonAdd.pack(padx=5, pady=5)
buttonRemove.pack(padx=5, pady=5)