blob: a8fbc1051f3e44794427408fa0c4dbc89b3c9103 [file] [log] [blame]
"""Simple class to read IFF chunks.
An IFF chunk (used in formats such as AIFF, TIFF, RMFF (RealMedia File
Format)) has the following structure:
| ID (4 bytes) |
| size (4 bytes) |
| data |
| ... |
The ID is a 4-byte string which identifies the type of chunk.
The size field (a 32-bit value, encoded using big-endian byte order)
gives the size of the whole chunk, including the 8-byte header.
Usually an IFF-type file consists of one or more chunks. The proposed
usage of the Chunk class defined here is to instantiate an instance at
the start of each chunk and read from the instance until it reaches
the end, after which a new instance can be instantiated. At the end
of the file, creating a new instance will fail with a EOFError
while True:
chunk = Chunk(file)
except EOFError:
chunktype = chunk.getname()
while True:
data =
if not data:
# do something with data
The interface is file-like. The implemented methods are:
read, close, seek, tell, isatty.
Extra methods are: skip() (called by close, skips to the end of the chunk),
getname() (returns the name (ID) of the chunk)
The __init__ method has one required argument, a file-like object
(including a chunk instance), and one optional argument, a flag which
specifies whether or not chunks are aligned on 2-byte boundaries. The
default is 1, i.e. aligned.
class Chunk:
def __init__(self, file, align=True, bigendian=True, inclheader=False):
import struct
self.closed = False
self.align = align # whether to align to word (2-byte) boundaries
if bigendian:
strflag = '>'
strflag = '<'
self.file = file
self.chunkname =
if len(self.chunkname) < 4:
raise EOFError
self.chunksize = struct.unpack(strflag+'L',[0]
except struct.error:
raise EOFError
if inclheader:
self.chunksize = self.chunksize - 8 # subtract header
self.size_read = 0
self.offset = self.file.tell()
except (AttributeError, IOError):
self.seekable = False
self.seekable = True
def getname(self):
"""Return the name (ID) of the current chunk."""
return self.chunkname
def getsize(self):
"""Return the size of the current chunk."""
return self.chunksize
def close(self):
if not self.closed:
self.closed = True
def isatty(self):
if self.closed:
raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
return False
def seek(self, pos, whence=0):
"""Seek to specified position into the chunk.
Default position is 0 (start of chunk).
If the file is not seekable, this will result in an error.
if self.closed:
raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
if not self.seekable:
raise IOError, "cannot seek"
if whence == 1:
pos = pos + self.size_read
elif whence == 2:
pos = pos + self.chunksize
if pos < 0 or pos > self.chunksize:
raise RuntimeError + pos, 0)
self.size_read = pos
def tell(self):
if self.closed:
raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
return self.size_read
def read(self, size=-1):
"""Read at most size bytes from the chunk.
If size is omitted or negative, read until the end
of the chunk.
if self.closed:
raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
if self.size_read >= self.chunksize:
return ''
if size < 0:
size = self.chunksize - self.size_read
if size > self.chunksize - self.size_read:
size = self.chunksize - self.size_read
data =
self.size_read = self.size_read + len(data)
if self.size_read == self.chunksize and \
self.align and \
(self.chunksize & 1):
dummy =
self.size_read = self.size_read + len(dummy)
return data
def skip(self):
"""Skip the rest of the chunk.
If you are not interested in the contents of the chunk,
this method should be called so that the file points to
the start of the next chunk.
if self.closed:
raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
if self.seekable:
n = self.chunksize - self.size_read
# maybe fix alignment
if self.align and (self.chunksize & 1):
n = n + 1, 1)
self.size_read = self.size_read + n
except IOError:
while self.size_read < self.chunksize:
n = min(8192, self.chunksize - self.size_read)
dummy =
if not dummy:
raise EOFError