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//===--- CrossTranslationUnit.h - -------------------------------*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This file provides an interface to load binary AST dumps on demand. This
// feature can be utilized for tools that require cross translation unit
// support.
#include "clang/AST/ASTImporterSharedState.h"
#include "clang/Analysis/MacroExpansionContext.h"
#include "clang/Basic/LLVM.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Optional.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringMap.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Error.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
namespace clang {
class CompilerInstance;
class ASTContext;
class ASTImporter;
class ASTUnit;
class DeclContext;
class FunctionDecl;
class VarDecl;
class NamedDecl;
class TranslationUnitDecl;
namespace cross_tu {
enum class index_error_code {
success = 0,
unspecified = 1,
class IndexError : public llvm::ErrorInfo<IndexError> {
static char ID;
IndexError(index_error_code C) : Code(C), LineNo(0) {}
IndexError(index_error_code C, std::string FileName, int LineNo = 0)
: Code(C), FileName(std::move(FileName)), LineNo(LineNo) {}
IndexError(index_error_code C, std::string FileName, std::string TripleToName,
std::string TripleFromName)
: Code(C), FileName(std::move(FileName)),
TripleFromName(std::move(TripleFromName)) {}
void log(raw_ostream &OS) const override;
std::error_code convertToErrorCode() const override;
index_error_code getCode() const { return Code; }
int getLineNum() const { return LineNo; }
std::string getFileName() const { return FileName; }
std::string getTripleToName() const { return TripleToName; }
std::string getTripleFromName() const { return TripleFromName; }
index_error_code Code;
std::string FileName;
int LineNo;
std::string TripleToName;
std::string TripleFromName;
/// This function parses an index file that determines which
/// translation unit contains which definition. The IndexPath is not prefixed
/// with CTUDir, so an absolute path is expected for consistent results.
/// The index file format is the following:
/// each line consists of an USR and a filepath separated by a space.
/// \return Returns a map where the USR is the key and the filepath is the value
/// or an error.
parseCrossTUIndex(StringRef IndexPath);
std::string createCrossTUIndexString(const llvm::StringMap<std::string> &Index);
using InvocationListTy = llvm::StringMap<llvm::SmallVector<std::string, 32>>;
/// Parse the YAML formatted invocation list file content \p FileContent.
/// The format is expected to be a mapping from from absolute source file
/// paths in the filesystem to a list of command-line parts, which
/// constitute the invocation needed to compile that file. That invocation
/// will be used to produce the AST of the TU.
llvm::Expected<InvocationListTy> parseInvocationList(
StringRef FileContent,
llvm::sys::path::Style PathStyle = llvm::sys::path::Style::posix);
// Returns true if the variable or any field of a record variable is const.
bool containsConst(const VarDecl *VD, const ASTContext &ACtx);
/// This class is used for tools that requires cross translation
/// unit capability.
/// This class can load definitions from external AST sources.
/// The loaded definition will be merged back to the original AST using the
/// AST Importer.
/// In order to use this class, an index file is required that describes
/// the locations of the AST files for each definition.
/// Note that this class also implements caching.
class CrossTranslationUnitContext {
CrossTranslationUnitContext(CompilerInstance &CI);
/// This function loads a function or variable definition from an
/// external AST file and merges it into the original AST.
/// This method should only be used on functions that have no definitions or
/// variables that have no initializer in
/// the current translation unit. A function definition with the same
/// declaration will be looked up in the index file which should be in the
/// \p CrossTUDir directory, called \p IndexName. In case the declaration is
/// found in the index the corresponding AST will be loaded and the
/// definition will be merged into the original AST using the AST Importer.
/// \return The declaration with the definition will be returned.
/// If no suitable definition is found in the index file or multiple
/// definitions found error will be returned.
/// Note that the AST files should also be in the \p CrossTUDir.
llvm::Expected<const FunctionDecl *>
getCrossTUDefinition(const FunctionDecl *FD, StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName, bool DisplayCTUProgress = false);
llvm::Expected<const VarDecl *>
getCrossTUDefinition(const VarDecl *VD, StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName, bool DisplayCTUProgress = false);
/// This function loads a definition from an external AST file.
/// A definition with the same declaration will be looked up in the
/// index file which should be in the \p CrossTUDir directory, called
/// \p IndexName. In case the declaration is found in the index the
/// corresponding AST will be loaded. If the number of TUs imported
/// reaches \p CTULoadTreshold, no loading is performed.
/// \return Returns a pointer to the ASTUnit that contains the definition of
/// the looked up name or an Error.
/// The returned pointer is never a nullptr.
/// Note that the AST files should also be in the \p CrossTUDir.
llvm::Expected<ASTUnit *> loadExternalAST(StringRef LookupName,
StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName,
bool DisplayCTUProgress = false);
/// This function merges a definition from a separate AST Unit into
/// the current one which was created by the compiler instance that
/// was passed to the constructor.
/// \return Returns the resulting definition or an error.
llvm::Expected<const FunctionDecl *> importDefinition(const FunctionDecl *FD,
ASTUnit *Unit);
llvm::Expected<const VarDecl *> importDefinition(const VarDecl *VD,
ASTUnit *Unit);
/// Get a name to identify a named decl.
static llvm::Optional<std::string> getLookupName(const NamedDecl *ND);
/// Emit diagnostics for the user for potential configuration errors.
void emitCrossTUDiagnostics(const IndexError &IE);
/// Returns the MacroExpansionContext for the imported TU to which the given
/// source-location corresponds.
/// \p ToLoc Source location in the imported-to AST.
/// \note If any error happens such as \p ToLoc is a non-imported
/// source-location, empty is returned.
/// \note Macro expansion tracking for imported TUs is not implemented yet.
/// It returns empty unconditionally.
const clang::SourceLocation &ToLoc) const;
void lazyInitImporterSharedSt(TranslationUnitDecl *ToTU);
ASTImporter &getOrCreateASTImporter(ASTUnit *Unit);
template <typename T>
llvm::Expected<const T *> getCrossTUDefinitionImpl(const T *D,
StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName,
bool DisplayCTUProgress);
template <typename T>
const T *findDefInDeclContext(const DeclContext *DC,
StringRef LookupName);
template <typename T>
llvm::Expected<const T *> importDefinitionImpl(const T *D, ASTUnit *Unit);
using ImporterMapTy =
llvm::DenseMap<TranslationUnitDecl *, std::unique_ptr<ASTImporter>>;
ImporterMapTy ASTUnitImporterMap;
ASTContext &Context;
std::shared_ptr<ASTImporterSharedState> ImporterSharedSt;
using LoadResultTy = llvm::Expected<std::unique_ptr<ASTUnit>>;
/// Loads ASTUnits from AST-dumps or source-files.
class ASTLoader {
ASTLoader(CompilerInstance &CI, StringRef CTUDir,
StringRef InvocationListFilePath);
/// Load the ASTUnit by its identifier found in the index file. If the
/// indentifier is suffixed with '.ast' it is considered a dump. Otherwise
/// it is treated as source-file, and on-demand parsed. Relative paths are
/// prefixed with CTUDir.
LoadResultTy load(StringRef Identifier);
/// Lazily initialize the invocation list information, which is needed for
/// on-demand parsing.
llvm::Error lazyInitInvocationList();
/// The style used for storage and lookup of filesystem paths.
/// Defaults to posix.
const llvm::sys::path::Style PathStyle = llvm::sys::path::Style::posix;
/// Loads an AST from a pch-dump.
LoadResultTy loadFromDump(StringRef Identifier);
/// Loads an AST from a source-file.
LoadResultTy loadFromSource(StringRef Identifier);
CompilerInstance &CI;
StringRef CTUDir;
/// The path to the file containing the invocation list, which is in YAML
/// format, and contains a mapping from source files to compiler invocations
/// that produce the AST used for analysis.
StringRef InvocationListFilePath;
/// In case of on-demand parsing, the invocations for parsing the source
/// files is stored.
llvm::Optional<InvocationListTy> InvocationList;
index_error_code PreviousParsingResult = index_error_code::success;
/// Maintain number of AST loads and check for reaching the load limit.
class ASTLoadGuard {
ASTLoadGuard(unsigned Limit) : Limit(Limit) {}
/// Indicates, whether a new load operation is permitted, it is within the
/// threshold.
operator bool() const { return Count < Limit; }
/// Tell that a new AST was loaded successfully.
void indicateLoadSuccess() { ++Count; }
/// The number of ASTs actually imported.
unsigned Count{0u};
/// The limit (threshold) value for number of loaded ASTs.
const unsigned Limit;
/// Storage and load of ASTUnits, cached access, and providing searchability
/// are the concerns of ASTUnitStorage class.
class ASTUnitStorage {
ASTUnitStorage(CompilerInstance &CI);
/// Loads an ASTUnit for a function.
/// \param FunctionName USR name of the function.
/// \param CrossTUDir Path to the directory used to store CTU related files.
/// \param IndexName Name of the file inside \p CrossTUDir which maps
/// function USR names to file paths. These files contain the corresponding
/// AST-dumps.
/// \param DisplayCTUProgress Display a message about loading new ASTs.
/// \return An Expected instance which contains the ASTUnit pointer or the
/// error occured during the load.
llvm::Expected<ASTUnit *> getASTUnitForFunction(StringRef FunctionName,
StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName,
bool DisplayCTUProgress);
/// Identifies the path of the file which can be used to load the ASTUnit
/// for a given function.
/// \param FunctionName USR name of the function.
/// \param CrossTUDir Path to the directory used to store CTU related files.
/// \param IndexName Name of the file inside \p CrossTUDir which maps
/// function USR names to file paths. These files contain the corresponding
/// AST-dumps.
/// \return An Expected instance containing the filepath.
llvm::Expected<std::string> getFileForFunction(StringRef FunctionName,
StringRef CrossTUDir,
StringRef IndexName);
llvm::Error ensureCTUIndexLoaded(StringRef CrossTUDir, StringRef IndexName);
llvm::Expected<ASTUnit *> getASTUnitForFile(StringRef FileName,
bool DisplayCTUProgress);
template <typename... T> using BaseMapTy = llvm::StringMap<T...>;
using OwningMapTy = BaseMapTy<std::unique_ptr<clang::ASTUnit>>;
using NonOwningMapTy = BaseMapTy<clang::ASTUnit *>;
OwningMapTy FileASTUnitMap;
NonOwningMapTy NameASTUnitMap;
using IndexMapTy = BaseMapTy<std::string>;
IndexMapTy NameFileMap;
/// Loads the AST based on the identifier found in the index.
ASTLoader Loader;
/// Limit the number of loaded ASTs. It is used to limit the memory usage
/// of the CrossTranslationUnitContext. The ASTUnitStorage has the
/// information whether the AST to load is actually loaded or returned from
/// cache. This information is needed to maintain the counter.
ASTLoadGuard LoadGuard;
ASTUnitStorage ASTStorage;
} // namespace cross_tu
} // namespace clang