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The SGI XFS Filesystem
XFS is a high performance journaling filesystem which originated
on the SGI IRIX platform. It is completely multi-threaded, can
support large files and large filesystems, extended attributes,
variable block sizes, is extent based, and makes extensive use of
Btrees (directories, extents, free space) to aid both performance
and scalability.
Refer to the documentation at
for further details. This implementation is on-disk compatible
with the IRIX version of XFS.
Mount Options
When mounting an XFS filesystem, the following options are accepted.
Sets the preferred buffered I/O size (default size is 64K).
"size" must be expressed as the logarithm (base2) of the
desired I/O size.
Valid values for this option are 14 through 16, inclusive
(i.e. 16K, 32K, and 64K bytes). On machines with a 4K
pagesize, 13 (8K bytes) is also a valid size.
The preferred buffered I/O size can also be altered on an
individual file basis using the ioctl(2) system call.
When inode clusters are emptied of inodes, keep them around
on the disk (ikeep) - this is the traditional XFS behaviour
and is still the default for now. Using the noikeep option,
inode clusters are returned to the free space pool.
Set the number of in-memory log buffers. Valid numbers range
from 2-8 inclusive.
The default value is 8 buffers for filesystems with a
blocksize of 64K, 4 buffers for filesystems with a blocksize
of 32K, 3 buffers for filesystems with a blocksize of 16K
and 2 buffers for all other configurations. Increasing the
number of buffers may increase performance on some workloads
at the cost of the memory used for the additional log buffers
and their associated control structures.
Set the size of each in-memory log buffer.
Size may be specified in bytes, or in kilobytes with a "k" suffix.
Valid sizes for version 1 and version 2 logs are 16384 (16k) and
32768 (32k). Valid sizes for version 2 logs also include
65536 (64k), 131072 (128k) and 262144 (256k).
The default value for machines with more than 32MB of memory
is 32768, machines with less memory use 16384 by default.
logdev=device and rtdev=device
Use an external log (metadata journal) and/or real-time device.
An XFS filesystem has up to three parts: a data section, a log
section, and a real-time section. The real-time section is
optional, and the log section can be separate from the data
section or contained within it.
Data allocations will not be aligned at stripe unit boundaries.
Access timestamps are not updated when a file is read.
The filesystem will be mounted without running log recovery.
If the filesystem was not cleanly unmounted, it is likely to
be inconsistent when mounted in "norecovery" mode.
Some files or directories may not be accessible because of this.
Filesystems mounted "norecovery" must be mounted read-only or
the mount will fail.
Don't check for double mounted file systems using the file system uuid.
This is useful to mount LVM snapshot volumes.
Make O_SYNC writes implement true O_SYNC. WITHOUT this option,
Linux XFS behaves as if an "osyncisdsync" option is used,
which will make writes to files opened with the O_SYNC flag set
behave as if the O_DSYNC flag had been used instead.
This can result in better performance without compromising
data safety.
However if this option is not in effect, timestamp updates from
O_SYNC writes can be lost if the system crashes.
If timestamp updates are critical, use the osyncisosync option.
User disk quota accounting enabled, and limits (optionally)
Group disk quota accounting enabled and limits (optionally)
sunit=value and swidth=value
Used to specify the stripe unit and width for a RAID device or
a stripe volume. "value" must be specified in 512-byte block
If this option is not specified and the filesystem was made on
a stripe volume or the stripe width or unit were specified for
the RAID device at mkfs time, then the mount system call will
restore the value from the superblock. For filesystems that
are made directly on RAID devices, these options can be used
to override the information in the superblock if the underlying
disk layout changes after the filesystem has been created.
The "swidth" option is required if the "sunit" option has been
specified, and must be a multiple of the "sunit" value.
The following sysctls are available for the XFS filesystem:
fs.xfs.stats_clear (Min: 0 Default: 0 Max: 1)
Setting this to "1" clears accumulated XFS statistics
in /proc/fs/xfs/stat. It then immediately resets to "0".
fs.xfs.xfssyncd_centisecs (Min: 100 Default: 3000 Max: 720000)
The interval at which the xfssyncd thread flushes metadata
out to disk. This thread will flush log activity out, and
do some processing on unlinked inodes.
fs.xfs.xfsbufd_centisecs (Min: 50 Default: 100 Max: 3000)
The interval at which xfsbufd scans the dirty metadata buffers list.
fs.xfs.age_buffer_centisecs (Min: 100 Default: 1500 Max: 720000)
The age at which xfsbufd flushes dirty metadata buffers to disk.
fs.xfs.error_level (Min: 0 Default: 3 Max: 11)
A volume knob for error reporting when internal errors occur.
This will generate detailed messages & backtraces for filesystem
shutdowns, for example. Current threshold values are:
fs.xfs.panic_mask (Min: 0 Default: 0 Max: 127)
Causes certain error conditions to call BUG(). Value is a bitmask;
AND together the tags which represent errors which should cause panics:
XFS_PTAG_IFLUSH 0x00000001
XFS_PTAG_LOGRES 0x00000002
This option is intended for debugging only.
fs.xfs.irix_symlink_mode (Min: 0 Default: 0 Max: 1)
Controls whether symlinks are created with mode 0777 (default)
or whether their mode is affected by the umask (irix mode).
fs.xfs.irix_sgid_inherit (Min: 0 Default: 0 Max: 1)
Controls files created in SGID directories.
If the group ID of the new file does not match the effective group
ID or one of the supplementary group IDs of the parent dir, the
ISGID bit is cleared if the irix_sgid_inherit compatibility sysctl
is set.
fs.xfs.restrict_chown (Min: 0 Default: 1 Max: 1)
Controls whether unprivileged users can use chown to "give away"
a file to another user.
fs.xfs.inherit_sync (Min: 0 Default: 1 Max 1)
Setting this to "1" will cause the "sync" flag set
by the chattr(1) command on a directory to be
inherited by files in that directory.
fs.xfs.inherit_nodump (Min: 0 Default: 1 Max 1)
Setting this to "1" will cause the "nodump" flag set
by the chattr(1) command on a directory to be
inherited by files in that directory.
fs.xfs.inherit_noatime (Min: 0 Default: 1 Max 1)
Setting this to "1" will cause the "noatime" flag set
by the chattr(1) command on a directory to be
inherited by files in that directory.