docs: Building Live TV Apps

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diff --git a/docs/html/training/training_toc.cs b/docs/html/training/training_toc.cs
index 11ae1a6..2873b5b 100644
--- a/docs/html/training/training_toc.cs
+++ b/docs/html/training/training_toc.cs
@@ -998,10 +998,25 @@
            Building TV Games</a>
       </li>
 
-      <li>
-        <a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/tv/tif/index.html"
+      <li class="nav-section">
+        <div class="nav-section-header">
+          <a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/tv/tif/index.html"
            description="How to build Live TV apps.">
            Building Live TV Apps</a>
+        </div>
+        <ul>
+          <li>
+            <a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/tv/tif/tvinput.html">
+              Developing a TV Input Service</a>
+          <li>
+            <a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/tv/tif/channel.html">
+              Working with Channel Data</a>
+          </li>
+          <li>
+            <a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/tv/tif/ui.html">
+              Managing User Interaction</a>
+          </li>
+        </ul>
       </li>
 
       <li>
diff --git a/docs/html/training/tv/tif/channel.jd b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/channel.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..999f1ca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/channel.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,239 @@
+page.title=Working with Channel Data
+page.tags=tv, tif
+helpoutsWidget=true
+
+trainingnavtop=true
+
+@jd:body
+
+<div id="tb-wrapper">
+<div id="tb">
+  <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+  <ol>
+    <li><a href="#permission">Get Permission</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#register">Register Channels in the Database</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#update">Update Channel Data</a></li>
+  </ol>
+  <h2>Try It Out</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li><a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs">
+      TV Input Service sample app</a></li>
+  </ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<p>Your TV input must provide Electronic Program Guide (EPG) data for at least one channel in its
+setup activity. You should also periodically update that data, with consideration for the size of
+the update and the processing thread that handles it. This lesson discusses creating and updating
+channel and program data on the system database with these considerations in mind.</p>
+
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+
+<h2 id="permission">Get Permission</h2>
+
+<p>In order for your TV input to work with EPG data, it must declare the
+read and write permissions in its Android manifest file as follows:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&lt;uses-permission android:name="com.android.providers.tv.permission.READ_EPG_DATA" /&gt;
+&lt;uses-permission android:name="com.android.providers.tv.permission.WRITE_EPG_DATA" /&gt;
+</pre>
+
+<h2 id="register">Register Channels in the Database</h2>
+
+<p>The Android TV system database maintains records of channel data for TV inputs. In your setup
+activity, for each of your channels, you must map your channel data to the following fields of the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels} class:</p>
+
+<ul>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_DISPLAY_NAME} - the displayed name of the
+  channel</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_DISPLAY_NUMBER} - the displayed channel
+  number</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_INPUT_ID} - the ID of the TV input service</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_SERVICE_TYPE} - the channel's service type</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_TYPE} - the channel's broadcast standard
+  type</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_VIDEO_FORMAT} - the default video format
+  for the channel</li>
+</ul>
+
+<p>Although the TV input framework is generic enough to handle both traditional broadcast and
+over-the-top (OTT) content without any distinction, you may want to define the following columns in
+addition to those above to better identify traditional broadcast channels:</p>
+
+<ul>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_ORIGINAL_NETWORK_ID} - the television
+  network ID</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_SERVICE_ID} - the service ID</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_TRANSPORT_STREAM_ID} - the transport stream
+  ID</li>
+</ul>
+
+<p>For internet streaming based TV inputs, assign your own values to the above accordingly so that
+each channel can be identified uniquely.</p>
+
+<p>Pull your channel metadata (in XML, JSON, or whatever) from your backend server, and in your setup
+activity map the values to the system database as follows:</p>
+
+<pre>
+ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
+
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_DISPLAY_NUMBER, channel.mNumber);
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_DISPLAY_NAME, channel.mName);
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_ORIGINAL_NETWORK_ID, channel.mOriginalNetworkId);
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_TRANSPORT_STREAM_ID, channel.mTransportStreamId);
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_SERVICE_ID, channel.mServiceId);
+values.put(Channels.COLUMN_VIDEO_FORMAT, channel.mVideoFormat);
+
+Uri uri = context.getContentResolver().insert(TvContract.Channels.CONTENT_URI, values);
+</pre>
+
+<p>In the example above, <code>channel</code> is an object which holds channel metadata from the
+backend server.</p>
+
+<h3 id="art">Present Channel and Program Information</h2>
+
+<p>The system TV app presents channel and program information to users as they flip through channels,
+as shown in figure 1. To make sure the channel and program information works with the system TV app's
+channel and program information presenter, follow the guidelines below.</p>
+
+<ol>
+<li><strong>Channel number</strong> ({@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_DISPLAY_NUMBER})
+<li><strong>Icon</strong>
+(<a href="guide/topics/manifest/application-element.html#icon"><code>android:icon</code></a> in the
+TV input's manifest)</li>
+<li><strong>Program description</strong> ({@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs#COLUMN_SHORT_DESCRIPTION})
+<li><strong>Program title</strong> ({@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs#COLUMN_TITLE})</li>
+<li><strong>Channel logo</strong> ({@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels.Logo})
+  <ul>
+    <li>Use the color #EEEEEE to match the surrounding text</li>
+    <li>Don't include padding
+  </ul></li>
+<li><strong>Poster art</strong> ({@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs#COLUMN_POSTER_ART_URI})
+  <ul>
+    <li>Aspect ratio between 16:9 and 4:3</li>
+  </ul>
+</ol>
+
+<img src="{@docRoot}images/tv/channel-info.png" id="figure1">
+<p class="img-caption">
+  <strong>Figure 1.</strong> The system TV app channel and program information presenter.
+</p>
+
+<p>The system TV app provides the same information through the program guide, including poster art,
+as shown in figure 2.</p>
+
+<img src="{@docRoot}images/tv/prog-guide.png" id="figure2">
+<p class="img-caption">
+  <strong>Figure 2.</strong> The system TV app program guide.
+</p>
+
+<h2 id="update">Update Channel Data</h2>
+
+<p>When updating existing channel data, use the
+{@link android.content.ContentProvider#update(android.net.Uri, android.content.ContentValues,
+java.lang.String, java.lang.String[]) update()}
+method instead of deleting and re-adding the data. You can identify the current version of the data
+by using {@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels#COLUMN_VERSION_NUMBER Channels.COLUMN_VERSION_NUMBER}
+and {@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs#COLUMN_VERSION_NUMBER Programs.COLUMN_VERSION_NUMBER}
+when choosing the records to update.</p>
+
+<p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> Adding channel data to the {@link android.content.ContentProvider}
+can take time. Only add current programs (those within two hours of the current time) when you update,
+and use a <a href="{@docRoot}training/sync-adapters/creating-sync-adapter.html">Sync Adapter</a> to
+update the rest of the channel data in the background. See the <a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs/blob/master/app/src/main/java/com/example/android/sampletvinput/syncadapter/SyncAdapter.java">
+Android TV Live TV Sample App</a> for an example.</p>
+
+<h3 id="batch">Batch Loading Channel Data</h3>
+
+<p>When updating the system database with a large amount of channel data, use the {@link android.content.ContentResolver}
+{@link android.content.ContentResolver#applyBatch applyBatch()}
+or
+{@link android.content.ContentResolver#bulkInsert(android.net.Uri, android.content.ContentValues[]) bulkInsert()}
+method. Here's an example using {@link android.content.ContentResolver#applyBatch applyBatch()}:<p>
+
+<pre>
+ArrayList&lt;ContentProviderOperation&gt; ops = new ArrayList&lt;&gt;();
+int programsCount = mChannelInfo.mPrograms.size();
+for (int j = 0; j &lt; programsCount; ++j) {
+    ProgramInfo program = mChannelInfo.mPrograms.get(j);
+    ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(
+            TvContract.Programs.CONTENT_URI)
+            .withValues(programs.get(j))
+            .withValue(Programs.COLUMN_START_TIME_UTC_MILLIS,
+                    programStartSec * 1000)
+            .withValue(Programs.COLUMN_END_TIME_UTC_MILLIS,
+                    (programStartSec + program.mDurationSec) * 1000)
+            .build());
+    programStartSec = programStartSec + program.mDurationSec;
+    if (j % 100 == 99 || j == programsCount - 1) {
+        try {
+            <strong>getContentResolver().applyBatch(TvContract.AUTHORITY, ops);</strong>
+        } catch (RemoteException | OperationApplicationException e) {
+            Log.e(TAG, "Failed to insert programs.", e);
+            return;
+        }
+        ops.clear();
+    }
+}
+</pre>
+
+<h3 id="async">Processing Channel Data Asynchronously</h3>
+
+<p>Data manipulation, such as fetching a stream from the server or accessing the database, should
+not block the UI thread. Using an {@link android.os.AsyncTask} is one
+way to perform updates asynchronously.  For example, when loading channel info from a backend server,
+you can use {@link android.os.AsyncTask} as follows:</p>
+
+<pre>
+private static class LoadTvInputTask extends AsyncTask&lt;Uri, Void, Void>&gt; {
+
+    private Context mContext;
+
+    public LoadTvInputTask(Context context) {
+        mContext = context;
+    }
+
+    &#64;Override
+    protected Void doInBackground(Uri... uris) {
+        try {
+            fetchUri(uris[0]);
+        } catch (IOException e) {
+          Log.d(“LoadTvInputTask”, “fetchUri error”);
+        }
+        return null;
+    }
+
+    private void fetchUri(Uri videoUri) throws IOException {
+        InputStream inputStream = null;
+        try {
+            inputStream = mContext.getContentResolver().openInputStream(videoUri);
+            XmlPullParser parser = Xml.newPullParser();
+            try {
+                parser.setFeature(XmlPullParser.FEATURE_PROCESS_NAMESPACES, false);
+                parser.setInput(inputStream, null);
+                sTvInput = ChannelXMLParser.parseTvInput(parser);
+                sSampleChannels = ChannelXMLParser.parseChannelXML(parser);
+            } catch (XmlPullParserException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
+        } finally {
+            if (inputStream != null) {
+                inputStream.close();
+            }
+        }
+    }
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>If you need to update EPG data on a regular basis, consider using
+a <a href="{@docRoot}training/sync-adapters/creating-sync-adapter.html">
+Sync Adapter</a> or {@link android.app.job.JobScheduler} to run the update process during idle time,
+such as every day at 3:00 a.m. See the <a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs/blob/master/app/src/main/java/com/example/android/sampletvinput/syncadapter/SyncAdapter.java">
+Android TV live TV sample app</a> for an example.</p>
+
+<p>Other techniques to separate the data update tasks from the UI thread include using the
+{@link android.os.HandlerThread} class, or you may implement your own using {@link android.os.Looper}
+and {@link android.os.Handler} classes.  See <a href="{@docRoot}guide/components/processes-and-threads.html">
+Processes and Threads</a> for more information.</p>
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/docs/html/training/tv/tif/index.jd b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/index.jd
index 9c10850..5739294 100644
--- a/docs/html/training/tv/tif/index.jd
+++ b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/index.jd
@@ -1,17 +1,26 @@
 page.title=Building Live TV Apps
 page.tags=tv, tif
 helpoutsWidget=true
-page.article=true
+startpage=true
 
 @jd:body
 
 <div id="tb-wrapper">
 <div id="tb">
+  <h2>Dependencies and Prerequisites</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li>Android 5.0 (API level 21) or higher</li>
+  </ul>
   <h2>You should also read</h2>
   <ul>
     <li><a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/package-summary.html">
       android.media.tv</a></li>
   </ul>
+  <h2>Try It Out</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li><a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs">
+      TV Input Service sample app</a></li>
+  </ul>
 </div>
 </div>
 
@@ -44,6 +53,17 @@
   Building a TV input service for your content can help make it more accessible on TV devices.
 </p>
 
-<p>For more information about TV Input Framework, see the
-<a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/package-summary.html">android.media.tv</a>
-reference.</p>
+<h2>Topics</h2>
+
+<dl>
+  <dt><b><a href="tvinput.html">Developing a TV Input Service</a></b></dt>
+    <dd>Learn how to develop a TV input service, which works with the system TV app.</dd>
+
+  <dt><b><a href="channel.html">Working with Channel Data</a></b></dt>
+    <dd>Learn how to describe channel and program data for the system.</dd>
+
+  <dt><b><a href="ui.html">Managing User Interaction</a></b></dt>
+    <dd>Learn how to present overlays, manage content availability, and handle content selection.</dd>
+</dl>
+
+
diff --git a/docs/html/training/tv/tif/tvinput.jd b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/tvinput.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..91f8ded
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/tvinput.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,177 @@
+page.title=Developing a TV Input Service
+page.tags=tv, tif
+helpoutsWidget=true
+
+trainingnavtop=true
+
+@jd:body
+
+<div id="tb-wrapper">
+<div id="tb">
+  <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+  <ol>
+    <li><a href="#manifest">Declare Your TV Input Service in the Manifest</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#tvinput">Define Your TV Input Service</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#setup">Define Setup and Settings Activities</a></li>
+  </ol>
+  <h2>You should also read</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li><a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/package-summary.html">
+      android.media.tv</a></li>
+    <li><a class="external-lin" href="http://source.android.com/devices/tv/index.html">
+      TV Input Framework</a></li>
+  </ul>
+  <h2>Try It Out</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li><a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs">
+      TV Input Service sample app</a></li>
+  </ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<p>A TV input service represents a media stream source, and lets you present your media content in a
+linear, broadcast TV fashion as channels and programs. With the TV input service, you can provide
+parental controls, program guide information, and content ratings. The TV input service works
+with the Android system TV app, developed for the device and immutable by third-party apps, which
+ultimately controls and presents content on the TV. See
+<a class="external-link" href="http://source.android.com/devices/tv/index.html">
+TV Input Framework</a> for more information about the framework architecture and its components.</p>
+
+<p>To develop a TV input service, you implement the following components:</p>
+
+<ul>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService} provides long-running and background availability for
+  the TV input</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} maintains the TV input state and communicates
+  with the hosting app</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract} describes the channels and programs available to the TV
+  input</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Channels} represents information about a TV channel</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs} describes a TV program with data such as program
+  title and start time</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvTrackInfo} represents an audio, video, or subtitle track</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvContentRating} describes a content rating, allows for custom content
+  rating schemes</li>
+  <li>{@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager} provides an API to the system TV app and manages
+  the interaction with TV inputs and apps</li>
+</ul>
+
+<h2 id="manifest">Declare Your TV Input Service in the Manifest</h2>
+
+<p>Your app manifest must declare your {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService}. Within that
+declaration, specify the {@link android.Manifest.permission#BIND_TV_INPUT} permission to allow the
+service to connect the TV input to the system. A system service (<code>TvInputManagerService</code>)
+performs the binding and has that permission. The system TV app sends requests to TV input services
+via the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager} interface. The service declaration must also
+include an intent filter that specifies the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService}
+as the action to perform with the intent. Also within the service declaration, declare the service
+meta data in a separate XML resource. The service declaration, the intent filter and the service
+meta data are described in the following example.</p>
+
+<pre>
+&lt;service android:name="com.example.sampletvinput.SampleTvInput"
+    android:label="@string/sample_tv_input_label"
+    android:permission="android.permission.BIND_TV_INPUT"&gt;
+    &lt;intent-filter&gt;
+        &lt;action android:name="android.media.tv.TvInputService" /&gt;
+    &lt;/intent-filter&gt;
+    &lt;meta-data android:name="android.media.tv.input"
+      android:resource="@xml/sample_tv_input" /&gt;
+&lt;/service&gt;
+</pre>
+
+<p>Define the service meta data in separate XML file, as shown in the following example. The service
+meta data must include a setup interface that describes the TV input's initial configuration and
+channel scan. Also, the service meta data may (optionally) describe a settings activity for users to
+modify the TV input's behavior. The service meta data file is located in the XML resources directory
+for your application and must match the name of the resource in the manifest. Using the example
+manifest entries above, you would create an XML file in the location
+<code>res/xml/sample_tv_input.xml</code>, with the following contents:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&lt;tv-input xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
+  &lt;!-- Required: activity for setting up the input --&gt;
+  android:setupActivity="com.example.sampletvinput.SampleTvInputSetupActivity"
+  &lt;!-- Optional: activity for controlling the settings --&gt;
+  android:settingsActivity="com.example.sampletvinput.SampleTvInputSettingsActivity" /&gt;
+</pre>
+
+<h2 id="tvinput">Define Your TV Input Service</h2>
+
+<div class="figure">
+<img id="tvinputlife" src="{@docRoot}images/tv/tvinput-life.png" alt=""/>
+<p class="img-caption"><strong>Figure 1.</strong>TvInputService lifecycle.</p>
+</div>
+
+<p>For your service, you extend the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService} class. A
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService} implementation is a
+<a href="{@docRoot}guide/components/bound-services.html">bound service</a> where the system service
+(<code>TvInputManagerService</code>) is the client that binds to it. The service life cycle methods
+you need to implement are illustrated in figure 1.</p>
+
+<p>The {@link android.app.Service#onCreate()} method initializes and starts the
+{@link android.os.HandlerThread} which provides a process thread separate from the UI thread to
+handle system-driven actions. In the following example, the {@link android.app.Service#onCreate()}
+method initializes the {@link android.view.accessibility.CaptioningManager} and prepares to handle
+the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager#ACTION_BLOCKED_RATINGS_CHANGED}
+and {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager#ACTION_PARENTAL_CONTROLS_ENABLED_CHANGED} actions. These
+actions describe system intents fired when the user changes the parental control settings, and when
+there is a change on the list of blocked ratings.</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public void onCreate() {
+    super.onCreate();
+    mHandlerThread = new HandlerThread(getClass()
+      .getSimpleName());
+    mHandlerThread.start();
+    mDbHandler = new Handler(mHandlerThread.getLooper());
+    mHandler = new Handler();
+    mCaptioningManager = (CaptioningManager)
+      getSystemService(Context.CAPTIONING_SERVICE);
+
+    setTheme(android.R.style.Theme_Holo_Light_NoActionBar);
+
+    mSessions = new ArrayList&lt;BaseTvInputSessionImpl&gt;();
+    IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter();
+    intentFilter.addAction(TvInputManager
+      .ACTION_BLOCKED_RATINGS_CHANGED);
+    intentFilter.addAction(TvInputManager
+      .ACTION_PARENTAL_CONTROLS_ENABLED_CHANGED);
+    registerReceiver(mBroadcastReceiver, intentFilter);
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p> See <a href="{@docRoot}training/tv/tif/ui.html#control">
+Control Content</a> for more information about working with blocked content and providing
+parental control. See {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager} for more system-driven actions that
+you may want to handle in your TV input service.</p>
+
+<p>The {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService} creates a
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} that implements {@link android.os.Handler.Callback}
+to handle player state changes. With {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onSetSurface(android.view.Surface) onSetSurface()},
+the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} sets the {@link android.view.Surface} with the
+video content. See <a href="{@docRoot}training/tv/tif/ui.html#surface">Integrate Player with Surface</a>
+for more information about working with {@link android.view.Surface} to render video.</p>
+
+<p>The {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} handles the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onTune(android.net.Uri) onTune()}
+event when the user selects a channel, and notifies the system TV app for changes in the content and
+content meta data. These <code>notify()</code>code> methods are described in
+<a href="{@docRoot}training/tv/tif/ui.html#control">
+Control Content</a> and <a href="training/tv/tif/ui.html#track">Handle Track Selection</a> further
+in this training.</p>
+
+<h2 id="setup">Define Setup and Settings Activities</h2>
+
+<p>The system TV app works with the setup and settings activities you define for your TV input. The
+setup activity is required and must provide at least one channel record for the system database. The
+system TV app will invoke the setup activity when it cannot find a channel for the TV input.
+<p>The setup activity describes to the system TV app the channels made available through the TV
+input, as demonstrated in the next lesson, <a href="{@docRoot}training/tv/tif/channel.html">Creating
+and Updating Channel Data</a>.</p>
+
+<p>The settings activity is optional. You can define a settings activity to turn on parental
+controls, enable closed captions, set the display attributes, and so forth.</p>
+
+
diff --git a/docs/html/training/tv/tif/ui.jd b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/ui.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6ead3db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/tv/tif/ui.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,304 @@
+page.title=Managing User Interaction
+page.tags=tv, tif
+helpoutsWidget=true
+
+trainingnavtop=true
+
+@jd:body
+
+<div id="tb-wrapper">
+<div id="tb">
+  <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+  <ol>
+    <li><a href="#surface">Integrate Player with Surface</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#overlay">Use an Overlay</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#control">Control Content</a></li>
+    <li><a href="#track">Handle Track Selection</a></li>
+  </ol>
+  <h2>Try It Out</h2>
+  <ul>
+    <li><a class="external-link" href="https://github.com/googlesamples/androidtv-sample-inputs">
+      TV Input Service sample app</a></li>
+  </ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<p>In the live TV experience the user changes channels and is presented with
+channel and program information briefly before the information disappears. Other types of information,
+such as messages ("DO NOT ATTEMPT AT HOME"), subtitles, or ads may need to persist. As with any TV
+app, such information should not interfere with the program content playing on the screen.</p>
+
+<img src="{@docRoot}images/tv/do-not-attempt.png" id="figure1">
+<p class="img-caption">
+  <strong>Figure 1.</strong> An overlay message in a live TV app.
+</p>
+
+<p>Also consider whether certain program content should be presented, given the
+content's rating and parental control settings, and how your app behaves and informs the user when
+content is blocked or unavailable. This lesson describes how to develop your TV input's user
+experience for these considerations.</p>
+
+<h2 id="surface">Integrate Player with Surface</h2>
+
+<p>Your TV input must render video onto a {@link android.view.Surface} object, which is passed by
+the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onSetSurface(android.view.Surface) TvInputService.Session.onSetSurface()}
+method. Here's an example of how to use a {@link android.media.MediaPlayer} instance for playing
+content in the {@link android.view.Surface} object:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onSetSurface(Surface surface) {
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        mPlayer.setSurface(surface);
+    }
+    mSurface = surface;
+    return true;
+}
+
+&#64;Override
+public void onSetStreamVolume(float volume) {
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        mPlayer.setVolume(volume, volume);
+    }
+    mVolume = volume;
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>Similarly, here's how to do it using <a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/media/exoplayer.html">
+ExoPlayer</a>:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onSetSurface(Surface surface) {
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        mPlayer.sendMessage(mVideoRenderer,
+                MediaCodecVideoTrackRenderer.MSG_SET_SURFACE,
+                surface);
+    }
+    mSurface = surface;
+    return true;
+}
+
+&#64;Override
+public void onSetStreamVolume(float volume) {
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        mPlayer.sendMessage(mAudioRenderer,
+                MediaCodecAudioTrackRenderer.MSG_SET_VOLUME,
+                volume);
+    }
+    mVolume = volume;
+}
+</pre>
+
+<h2 id="overlay">Use an Overlay</h2>
+
+<p>Use an overlay to display subtitles, messages, ads or MHEG-5 data broadcasts. By default, the
+overlay is disabled. You can enable it when you create the session by calling
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#setOverlayViewEnabled(boolean) TvInputService.Session.setOverlayViewEnabled(true)},
+as in the following example:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public final Session onCreateSession(String inputId) {
+    BaseTvInputSessionImpl session = onCreateSessionInternal(inputId);
+    session.setOverlayViewEnabled(true);
+    mSessions.add(session);
+    return session;
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>Use a {@link android.view.View} object for the overlay, returned from {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onCreateOverlayView() TvInputService.Session.onCreateOverlayView()}, as shown here:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public View onCreateOverlayView() {
+    LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) getSystemService(LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
+    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.overlayview, null);
+    mSubtitleView = (SubtitleView) view.findViewById(R.id.subtitles);
+
+    // Configure the subtitle view.
+    CaptionStyleCompat captionStyle;
+    float captionTextSize = getCaptionFontSize();
+    captionStyle = CaptionStyleCompat.createFromCaptionStyle(
+            mCaptioningManager.getUserStyle());
+    captionTextSize *= mCaptioningManager.getFontScale();
+    mSubtitleView.setStyle(captionStyle);
+    mSubtitleView.setTextSize(captionTextSize);
+    return view;
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>The layout definition for the overlay might look something like this:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?&gt;
+&lt;FrameLayout
+    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
+    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
+
+    android:layout_width="match_parent"
+    android:layout_height="match_parent"&gt;
+
+    &lt;com.google.android.exoplayer.text.SubtitleView
+        android:id="@+id/subtitles"
+        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
+        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
+        android:layout_gravity="bottom|center_horizontal"
+        android:layout_marginLeft="16dp"
+        android:layout_marginRight="16dp"
+        android:layout_marginBottom="32dp"
+        android:visibility="invisible"/&gt;
+&lt;/FrameLayout&gt;
+</pre>
+
+<h2 id="control">Control Content</h2>
+
+<p>When the user selects a channel, your TV input handles the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onTune(android.net.Uri)
+onTune()} callback in the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} object. The system TV
+app's parental controls determine what content displays, given the content rating.
+The following sections describe how to manage channel and program selection using the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} <code>notify</code> methods that
+communicate with the system TV app.</p>
+
+<h3 id="unavailable">Make Video Unavailable</h3>
+
+<p>When the user changes the channel, you want to make sure the screen doesn't display any stray
+video artifacts before your TV input renders the content. When you call {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onTune(android.net.Uri) TvInputService.Session.onTune()},
+you can prevent the video from being presented by calling {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#notifyVideoUnavailable(int) TvInputService.Session.notifyVideoUnavailable()}
+and passing the {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager#VIDEO_UNAVAILABLE_REASON_TUNING} constant, as
+shown in the following example.</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onTune(Uri channelUri) {
+    if (mSubtitleView != null) {
+        mSubtitleView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
+    }
+    notifyVideoUnavailable(TvInputManager.VIDEO_UNAVAILABLE_REASON_TUNING);
+    mUnblockedRatingSet.clear();
+
+    mDbHandler.removeCallbacks(mPlayCurrentProgramRunnable);
+    mPlayCurrentProgramRunnable = new PlayCurrentProgramRunnable(channelUri);
+    mDbHandler.post(mPlayCurrentProgramRunnable);
+    return true;
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>Then, when the content is rendered to the {@link android.view.Surface}, you call
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#notifyVideoAvailable() TvInputService.Session.notifyVideoAvailable()}
+to allow the video to display, like so:</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public void onDrawnToSurface(Surface surface) {
+    mFirstFrameDrawn = true;
+    notifyVideoAvailable();
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>This transition lasts only for fractions of a second, but presenting a blank screen is
+visually better than allowing the picture to flash odd blips and jitters.</p>
+
+<p>See also, <a href="#surface">Integrate Player with Surface</a> for more information about working
+with {@link android.view.Surface} to render video.</p>
+
+<h3 id="parental">Provide Parental Control</h3>
+
+<p>To determine if a given content is blocked by parental controls and content rating, you check the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager} class methods, {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager#isParentalControlsEnabled()}
+and {@link android.media.tv.TvInputManager#isRatingBlocked(android.media.tv.TvContentRating)}. You
+might also want to make sure the content's {@link android.media.tv.TvContentRating} is included in a
+set of currently allowed content ratings. These considerations are shown in the following sample.</p>
+
+<pre>
+private void checkContentBlockNeeded() {
+    if (mCurrentContentRating == null || !mTvInputManager.isParentalControlsEnabled()
+            || !mTvInputManager.isRatingBlocked(mCurrentContentRating)
+            || mUnblockedRatingSet.contains(mCurrentContentRating)) {
+        // Content rating is changed so we don't need to block anymore.
+        // Unblock content here explicitly to resume playback.
+        unblockContent(null);
+        return;
+    }
+
+    mLastBlockedRating = mCurrentContentRating;
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        // Children restricted content might be blocked by TV app as well,
+        // but TIF should do its best not to show any single frame of blocked content.
+        releasePlayer();
+    }
+
+    notifyContentBlocked(mCurrentContentRating);
+}
+</pre>
+
+<p>Once you have determined if the content should or should not be blocked, notify the system TV
+app by calling the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session} method {@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#notifyContentAllowed() notifyContentAllowed()}
+or
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#notifyContentBlocked(android.media.tv.TvContentRating) notifyContentBlocked()}
+, as shown in the previous example.</p>
+
+<p>Use the {@link android.media.tv.TvContentRating} class to generate the system-defined string for
+the {@link android.media.tv.TvContract.Programs#COLUMN_CONTENT_RATING} with the
+<code><a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/TvContentRating.html#createRating(java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String...)">TvContentRating.createRating()</a></code>
+method, as shown here:</p>
+
+<pre>
+TvContentRating rating = TvContentRating.createRating(
+    "com.android.tv",
+    "US_TV",
+    "US_TV_PG",
+    "US_TV_D", "US_TV_L");
+</pre>
+
+<h2 id="track">Handle Track Selection</h2>
+
+<p>The {@link android.media.tv.TvTrackInfo} class holds information about media tracks such
+as the track type (video, audio, or subtitle) and so forth. </p>
+
+<p>The first time your TV input session is able to get track information, it should call
+<code><a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/TvInputService.Session.html#notifyTracksChanged(java.util.List<android.media.tv.TvTrackInfo>)">TvInputService.Session.notifyTracksChanged()</a></code> with a list of all tracks to update the system TV app.  When there
+is a change in track information, call
+<code><a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/media/tv/TvInputService.Session.html#notifyTracksChanged(java.util.List<android.media.tv.TvTrackInfo>)">notifyTracksChanged()</a></code>
+again to update the system.
+
+</p>
+
+<p>The system TV app provides an interface for the user to select a specific track if more than one
+track is available for a given track type; for example, subtitles in different languages. Your TV
+input responds to the
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#onSelectTrack(int, java.lang.String) onSelectTrack()}
+call from the system TV app by calling
+{@link android.media.tv.TvInputService.Session#notifyTrackSelected(int, java.lang.String) notifyTrackSelected()}
+, as shown in the following example. Note that when <code>null</code>
+is passed as the track ID, this <em>deselects</em> the track.</p>
+
+<pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onSelectTrack(int type, String trackId) {
+    if (mPlayer != null) {
+        if (type == TvTrackInfo.TYPE_SUBTITLE) {
+            if (!mCaptionEnabled && trackId != null) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            mSelectedSubtitleTrackId = trackId;
+            if (trackId == null) {
+                mSubtitleView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
+            }
+        }
+        if (mPlayer.selectTrack(type, trackId)) {
+            notifyTrackSelected(type, trackId);
+            return true;
+        }
+    }
+    return false;
+}
+</pre>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+