DO NOT MERGE Check fingerprint client against top activity in auth callback

Due to a race condition with activity task stack broadcasts, it's
currently possible for fingerprint authentication to succeed for a
non-top activity. This means, for example, that a malicious overlay
could be drawn in order to mislead the user about what they are
authenticating for.

This commit addresses the issue by adding a check to the biometric
authentication client interface that ensures the authenticating
activity is on top at the time of authentication. Otherwise, the
pending authentication will fail, as if an incorrect biometric had
been presented.

Test: Follow steps from b/159249069:
1. Install com.pro100svitlo.fingerprintauthdemo from the Play store.
2. Install the PoC attack app from b/159249069.
3. Start the PoC attack app and press the "Launch PoC attack" button.
4. Use fingerprint to authenticate while the overlay is showing.

Before: Authentication succeeds, and a new activity is launched.
After: Authentication fails, and no new activity is launched.

Bug: 159249069
Change-Id: Ie5a0f8c3e9b92d348a78678a6ed192d440c45ffc
Merged-In: I289d67e5c7055ed60f7a96725c523d07cd047b23
Merged-In: I3a810cd7e6b97333f648c978e44242662342ec57
(cherry picked from commit 09c1b8ebf9e58cd402ec6a7ae9b1948cf83982d1)
1 file changed