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page.title=Creating a 2D Picker
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<h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
<li><a href="#add-page-grid">Add a Page Grid</a></li>
<li><a href="#implement-adapter">Implement a Page Adapter</a></li>
<h2>You should also read</h2>
<li><a href="{@docRoot}design/wear/index.html">Android Wear Design Principles</a></li>
<p>The <a href="{@docRoot}design/wear/structure.html#2DPicker">2D Picker</a> pattern in Android
Wear allows users to navigate and choose from a set of items shown as pages. The Wearable UI
Library lets you easily implement this pattern using a page grid, which is a layout manager
that allows users to scroll vertically and horizontally through pages of data.</p>
<p>To implement this pattern, you add a <code>GridViewPager</code> element to the layout
of your activity and implement an adapter that provides a set of pages by extending
the <code>FragmentGridPagerAdapter</code> class.</p>
<p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> The <em>GridViewPager</em> sample in the Android SDK
demonstrates how to use the <code>GridViewPager</code> layout in your apps. This sample is
located in the <code>android-sdk/samples/android-20/wearable/GridViewPager</code> directory.</p>
<h2 id="add-page-grid">Add a Page Grid</h2>
<p>Add a <code>GridViewPager</code> element to your layout definition as follows:</p>
android:layout_height="match_parent" />
<p>You can use any of the techniques described in
<a href="{@docRoot}training/wearables/ui/layouts.html">Defining Layouts</a> to ensure that
your 2D picker works on both round and square devices.</p>
<h2 id="implement-adapter">Implement a Page Adapter</h2>
<p>A page adapter provides a set of pages to populate a <code>GridViewPager</code> component. To
implement this adapter, you extend the <code>FragmentGridPageAdapter</code> class from the
Wearable UI Library</p>
<p>For example, the <em>GridViewPager</em> sample in the Android SDK contains
the following adapter implementation that provides a set of static cards with custom background
public class SampleGridPagerAdapter extends FragmentGridPagerAdapter {
private final Context mContext;
public SampleGridPagerAdapter(Context ctx, FragmentManager fm) {
mContext = ctx;
static final int[] BG_IMAGES = new int[] {
R.drawable.debug_background_1, ...
// A simple container for static data in each page
private static class Page {
// static resources
int titleRes;
int textRes;
int iconRes;
// Create a static set of pages in a 2D array
private final Page[][] PAGES = { ... };
// Override methods in FragmentGridPagerAdapter
<p>The picker calls <code>getFragment</code> and <code>getBackground</code> to retrieve the content
to display at each position of the grid:</p>
// Obtain the UI fragment at the specified position
public Fragment getFragment(int row, int col) {
Page page = PAGES[row][col];
String title =
page.titleRes != 0 ? mContext.getString(page.titleRes) : null;
String text =
page.textRes != 0 ? mContext.getString(page.textRes) : null;
CardFragment fragment = CardFragment.create(title, text, page.iconRes);
// Advanced settings (card gravity, card expansion/scrolling)
return fragment;
// Obtain the background image for the page at the specified position
public ImageReference getBackground(int row, int column) {
return ImageReference.forDrawable(BG_IMAGES[row % BG_IMAGES.length]);
<p>The <code>getRowCount</code> method tells the picker how many rows of content are
available, and the <code>getColumnCount</code> method tells the picker how many columns
of content are available for each of the rows.</p>
// Obtain the number of pages (vertical)
public int getRowCount() {
return PAGES.length;
// Obtain the number of pages (horizontal)
public int getColumnCount(int rowNum) {
return PAGES[rowNum].length;
<p>The adapter implementation details depend on your particular set of pages. Each page provided
by the adapter is of type <code>Fragment</code>. In this example, each page is a
<code>CardFragment</code> instance that uses one of the default card layouts. However, you can
combine different types of pages in the same 2D picker, such as cards, action icons, and custom
layouts depending on your use cases.</p>
<div style="float:right;margin-left:25px;width:250px">
<img src="{@docRoot}wear/images/07_uilib.png" width="250" height="250" alt=""/>
<p class="img-caption" style="text-align:center"><strong>Figure 1:</strong>
The <em>GridViewPager</em> sample.</p>
<p>Not all rows need to have the same number of pages. Notice that in this example the number of
colums is different for each row. You can also use a <code>GridViewPager</code> component to
implement a 1D picker with only one row or only one column.</p>
<p><code>GridViewPager</code> provides support for scrolling in cards whose content does not fit
the device screen. This example configures each card to expand as required, so users can scroll
through the card's content. When users reach the end of a scrollable card, a swipe in the same
direction shows the next page on the grid, if one is available.</p>
<p>You can specify a custom background for each page with the <code>getBackground()</code> method.
When users swipe to navigate across pages, <code>GridViewPager</code> applies parallax
and crossfade effects between different backgrounds automatically.</p>
<h3>Assign an adapter instance to the page grid</h3>
<p>In your activity, assign an instance of your adapter implementation to the
<code>GridViewPager</code> component:</p>
public class MainActivity extends Activity {
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
final GridViewPager pager = (GridViewPager) findViewById(;
pager.setAdapter(new SampleGridPagerAdapter(this, getFragmentManager()));