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page.title=Defining Shadows and Clipping Views
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<h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
<li><a href="#Elevation">Assign Elevation to Your Views</a></li>
<li><a href="#Shadows">Customize View Shadows and Outlines</a></li>
<li><a href="#Clip">Clip Views</a></li>
<h2>You should also read</h2>
<li><a href="">Material design specification</a></li>
<li><a href="{@docRoot}design/material/index.html">Material design on Android</a></li>
<p>Material design introduces elevation for UI elements. Elevation helps users understand the
relative importance of each element and focus their attention to the task at hand.</p>
<p>The elevation of a view, represented by the Z property, determines the visual appearance of its
shadow: views with higher Z values cast larger, softer shadows. Views with higher Z values occlude
views with lower Z values; however, the Z value of a view does not affect the view's size.</p>
<p>Shadows are drawn by the parent of the elevated view, and thus subject to standard view clipping,
clipped by the parent by default.</p>
<p>Elevation is also useful to create animations where widgets temporarily rise above the
view plane when performing some action.</p>
<p>For more information about elevation in material design, see
<a href="">Objects
in 3D space</a>.</p>
<h2 id="Elevation">Assign Elevation to Your Views</h2>
<p>The Z value for a view has two components:
<li>Elevation: The static component.</li>
<li>Translation: The dynamic component used for animations.</li>
<p><code>Z = elevation + translationZ</code></p>
<img src="{@docRoot}training/material/images/shadows-depth.png" width="580" height="261" alt=""/>
<p class="img-caption"><strong>Figure 1</strong> - Shadows for different view elevations.</p>
<p>To set the elevation of a view in a layout definition, use the <code>android:elevation</code>
attribute. To set the elevation of a view in the code of an activity, use the
{@link android.view.View#setElevation View.setElevation()} method.</p>
<p>To set the translation of a view, use the {@link android.view.View#setTranslationZ
View.setTranslationZ()} method.</p>
<p>The new {@link android.view.ViewPropertyAnimator#z ViewPropertyAnimator.z()} and {@link
android.view.ViewPropertyAnimator#translationZ ViewPropertyAnimator.translationZ()} methods enable
you to easily animate the elevation of views. For more information, see the API reference for
{@link android.view.ViewPropertyAnimator} and the <a
href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/graphics/prop-animation.html">Property Animation</a> developer
<p>You can also use a {@link android.animation.StateListAnimator} to
specify these animations in a declarative way. This is especially useful for cases where state
changes trigger animations, like when a user presses a button. For more information, see
<a href="{@docRoot}training/material/animations.html#ViewState">Animate View State Changes</a>.</p>
<p>The Z values are measured in dp (density-independent pixels).</p>
<h2 id="Shadows">Customize View Shadows and Outlines</h2>
<p>The bounds of a view's background drawable determine the default shape of its shadow.
<strong>Outlines</strong> represent the outer shape of a graphics object and define the ripple
area for touch feedback.</p>
<p>Consider this view, defined with a background drawable:</p>
android:background="@drawable/myrect" />
<p>The background drawable is defined as a rectangle with rounded corners:</p>
&lt;!-- res/drawable/myrect.xml -->
&lt;shape xmlns:android=""
&lt;solid android:color="#42000000" />
&lt;corners android:radius="5dp" />
<p>The view casts a shadow with rounded corners, since the background drawable defines the
view's outline. Providing a custom outline overrides the default shape of a view's shadow.</p>
<p>To define a custom outline for a view in your code:<p>
<li>Extend the {@link android.view.ViewOutlineProvider} class.</li>
<li>Override the {@link android.view.ViewOutlineProvider#getOutline getOutline()} method.</li>
<li>Assign the new outline provider to your view with the {@link
android.view.View#setOutlineProvider View.setOutlineProvider()} method.</li>
<p>You can create oval and rectangular outlines with rounded corners using the methods in the
{@link} class. The default outline provider for views obtains the outline
from the view's background. To prevent a view from casting a shadow, set its outline provider
to <code>null</code>.</p>
<h2 id="Clip">Clip Views</h2>
<p>Clipping views enables you to easily change the shape of a view. You can clip views for
consistency with other design elements or to change the shape of a view in response to user input.
You can clip a view to its outline area using the {@link android.view.View#setClipToOutline
View.setClipToOutline()} method or the <code>android:clipToOutline</code> attribute. Only
rectangle, circle, and round rectangle outlines support clipping, as determined by the
{@link Outline.canClip()} method.</p>
<p>To clip a view to the shape of a drawable, set the drawable as the background of the view
(as shown above) and call the {@link android.view.View#setClipToOutline View.setClipToOutline()}
<p>Clipping views is an expensive operation, so don't animate the shape you use to
clip a view. To achieve this effect, use the <a
href="{@docRoot}training/material/animations.html#Reveal">Reveal Effect</a> animation.</p>