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page.title=Getting the Last Known Location
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<h2>This lesson teaches you how to</h2>
<li><a href="#setup">Set Up Google Play Services</a></li>
<li><a href="#permissions">Specify App Permissions</a></li>
<li><a href="#play-services">Connect to Google Play Services</a></li>
<li><a href="#last-known">Get the Last Known Location</a></li>
<h2>You should also read</h2>
<a href="{@docRoot}google/play-services/setup.html">Setting up Google Play
<h2>Try it out</h2>
<a href="" class="external-link">BasicLocationSample</a>
<p>Using the Google Play services location APIs, your app can request the last
known location of the user's device. In most cases, you are interested in the
user's current location, which is usually equivalent to the last known
location of the device.</p>
<p>Specifically, use the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/FusedLocationProviderApi.html">fused
location provider</a> to retrieve the device's last known location. The fused
location provider is one of the location APIs in Google Play services. It
manages the underlying location technology and provides a simple API so that
you can specify requirements at a high level, like high accuracy or low power.
It also optimizes the device's use of battery power.</p>
<p>This lesson shows you how to make a single request for the location of a
device using the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/FusedLocationProviderApi.html#getLastLocation(">{@code getLastLocation()}</a>
method in the fused location provider.
<h2 id="setup">Set Up Google Play Services</h2>
<p>To access the fused location provider, your app's development project must
include Google Play services. Download and install the Google Play services
component via the <a href="{@docRoot}tools/help/sdk-manager.html">SDK
Manager</a> and add the library to your project. For details, see the guide to
<a href="{@docRoot}google/play-services/setup.html">Setting Up Google Play
<h2 id="permissions">Specify App Permissions</h2>
<p>Apps that use location services must request location permissions. Android
offers two location permissions:
{@link android.Manifest.permission#ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION}.
The permission you choose determines the accuracy of the location returned by
the API. If you specify
{@link android.Manifest.permission#ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION},
the API returns a location with an accuracy approximately equivalent to a city
<p>This lesson requires only coarse location. Request this permission with the
{@code uses-permission} element in your app manifest, as shown in the
following example:
&lt;manifest xmlns:android=""
package="" &gt;
&lt;uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION"/&gt;
<h2 id="play-services">Connect to Google Play Services</h2>
<p>To connect to the API, you need to create an instance of the
Google Play services API client. For details about using the client, see
the guide to
<a href="{@docRoot}google/auth/api-client.html#Starting">Accessing Google
<p>In your activity's {@link onCreate()} method,
create an instance of Google API Client using
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/common/api/GoogleApiClient.Builder.html">{@code GoogleApiClient.Builder}</a>.
Use the builder to add the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/LocationServices.html">{@code LocationServices}</a>
<p>The sample app defines a {@code buildGoogleApiClient()} method, called from
the activity's {@link onCreate()} method,
which includes the following code.</p>
protected synchronized void buildGoogleApiClient() {
mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
<h2 id="last-known">Get the Last Known Location</h2>
<p>Once you have connected to Google Play services and the location services
API, you can get the last known location of a user's device. When your app is
connected to these you can use the fused location provider's
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/FusedLocationProviderApi.html#getLastLocation(">{@code getLastLocation()}</a>
method to retrieve the device location. The precision of the location returned
by this call is determined by the permission setting you put in your app
manifest, as described in the <a href="#permissions">Specify App
Permissions</a> section of this document.</p>
<p>To request the last known location, call the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/FusedLocationProviderApi.html#getLastLocation(">{@code getLastLocation()}</a>
method, passing it your instance of the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/common/api/GoogleApiClient.html">{@code GoogleApiClient}</a>
object. Do this in the
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/common/api/GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks.html#onConnected(android.os.Bundle)">{@code onConnected()}</a>
callback provided by Google API Client, which is called when the client is
ready. The following code sample illustrates the request and a simple
handling of the response:</p>
public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity implements
ConnectionCallbacks, OnConnectionFailedListener {
public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
mLastLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(
if (mLastLocation != null) {
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/com/google/android/gms/location/FusedLocationProviderApi.html#getLastLocation(">{@code getLastLocation()}</a>
method returns a
<a href="{@docRoot}reference/android/location/Location.html">{@code Location}</a>
object from which you can retrieve the latitude and longitude coordinates of a
geographic location. The location object returned may be null in rare cases
when the location is not available.</p>
<p>The next lesson,
<a href="receive-location-updates.html">Receiving Location Updates</a>, shows
you how to receive periodic location updates.</p>