docs: android u search class

Change-Id: I433cb5b82426c942af8f357180aeb7c947f2d9e1
diff --git a/docs/html/resources/resources_toc.cs b/docs/html/resources/resources_toc.cs
index 8df419f..d2452c4 100644
--- a/docs/html/resources/resources_toc.cs
+++ b/docs/html/resources/resources_toc.cs
@@ -98,6 +98,26 @@
       </li>
 
       <li class="toggle-list">
+        <div><a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/search/index.html">
+            <span class="en">Adding Search Functionality</span>
+          </a></div>
+        <ul>
+          <li><a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/search/setup.html">
+            <span class="en">Setting up the Search Interface</span>
+          </a>
+          </li>
+          <li><a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/search/search.html">
+            <span class="en">Storing and Searching for Data</span>
+          </a>
+          </li>
+          <li><a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/search/backward-compat.html">
+            <span class="en">Remaining Backward Compatible</span>
+          </a>
+          </li>
+        </ul>
+      </li>
+
+      <li class="toggle-list">
         <div><a href="<?cs var:toroot ?>training/id-auth/index.html">
             <span class="en">Remembering Users</span>
           </a></div>
diff --git a/docs/html/training/search/backward-compat.jd b/docs/html/training/search/backward-compat.jd
new file mode 100644
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+++ b/docs/html/training/search/backward-compat.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+page.title=Remaining Backward Compatible
+trainingnavtop=true
+previous.title=Storing and Searching for Data
+previous.link=search.html 
+
+@jd:body
+
+  <div id="tb-wrapper">
+    <div id="tb">
+      <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/backward-compat.html#set-sdk">Set Minimum and Target
+        SDK Values</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/backward-compat.html#provide-sd">Provide the Search
+        Dialog for Older Devices</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/backward-compat.html#check-ver">Check the Android Build
+        Version at Runtime</a></li>
+      </ul>
+    </div>
+  </div>
+
+  <p>The {@link android.widget.SearchView} and action bar are only available on Android 3.0 and
+  later. To support older platforms, you can fall back to the search dialog. The search dialog is a
+  system provided UI that overlays on top of your application when invoked.</p>
+
+  <h2 id="set-sdk">Set Minimum and Target API levels</h2>
+
+  <p>To setup the search dialog, first declare in your manifest that you want to support older
+  devices, but want to target Android 3.0 or later versions. When you do this, your application
+  automatically uses the action bar on Android 3.0 or later and uses the traditional menu system on
+  older devices:</p>
+  <pre>
+&lt;uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="7" android:targetSdkVersion="15" /&gt;
+
+&lt;application&gt;
+...
+</pre>
+
+  <h2 id="provide-sd">Provide the Search Dialog for Older Devices</h2>
+
+  <p>To invoke the search dialog on older devices, call {@link
+  android.app.Activity#onSearchRequested onSearchRequested()} whenever a user selects the search
+  menu item from the options menu. Because Android 3.0 and higher devices show the
+  {@link android.widget.SearchView} in the action bar (as demonstrated in the first lesson), only versions
+  older than 3.0 call {@link android.app.Activity#onOptionsItemSelected onOptionsItemSelected()} when the
+  user selects the search menu item.
+  </p>
+  <pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
+    switch (item.getItemId()) {
+        case R.id.search:
+            onSearchRequested();
+            return true;
+        default:
+            return false;
+    }
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <h2 id="check-ver">Check the Android Build Version at Runtime</h2>
+
+  <p>At runtime, check the device version to make sure an unsupported use of {@link
+  android.widget.SearchView} does not occur on older devices. In our example code, this happens in
+  the {@link android.app.Activity#onCreateOptionsMenu onCreateOptionsMenu()} method:</p>
+  <pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+
+    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
+    inflater.inflate(R.menu.options_menu, menu);
+
+    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT &gt;= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
+        SearchManager searchManager =
+                (SearchManager) getSystemService(Context.SEARCH_SERVICE);
+        SearchView searchView =
+                (SearchView) menu.findItem(R.id.search).getActionView();
+        searchView.setSearchableInfo(
+                searchManager.getSearchableInfo(getComponentName()));
+        searchView.setIconifiedByDefault(false);
+    }
+    return true;
+}
+</pre>
diff --git a/docs/html/training/search/index.jd b/docs/html/training/search/index.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bfd1618
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/search/index.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+page.title=Adding Search Functionality
+trainingnavtop=true
+startpage=true
+next.title=Setting Up the Search Interface
+next.link=setup.html
+
+@jd:body
+
+  <div id="tb-wrapper">
+    <div id="tb">
+      <h2>Dependencies and prerequisites</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li>Android 3.0 or later (with some support for Android 2.1)</li>
+
+        <li>Experience building an Android <a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/ui/index.html">User
+        Interface</a></li>
+      </ul>
+
+      <h2>You should also read</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/search/index.html">Search</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}resources/samples/SearchableDictionary/index.html">Searchable
+        Dictionary Sample App</a></li>
+      </ul>
+    </div>
+  </div>
+
+  <p>Android's built-in search features offer apps an easy way to provide a
+  consistent search experience for all users. There are two ways to implement search in your app
+  depending on the version of Android that is running on the device. This class covers how to add
+  search with {@link android.widget.SearchView}, which was introduced in Android 3.0, while
+  maintaining backward compatibility with older versions of Android by using the default search
+  dialog provided by the system.</p>
+
+  <h2>Lessons</h2>
+
+  <dl>
+    <dt><b><a href="setup.html">Setting Up the Search Interface</a></b></dt>
+
+    <dd>Learn how to add a search interface to your app and how to configure an activity to handle
+    search queries.</dd>
+
+    <dt><b><a href="search.html">Storing and Searching for Data</a></b></dt>
+
+    <dd>Learn a simple way to store and search for data in a SQLite virtual database table.</dd>
+
+    <dt><b><a href="backward-compat.html">Remaining Backward Compatible</a></b></dt>
+
+    <dd>Learn how to keep search features backward compatible with older devices by using.</dd>
+  </dl>
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diff --git a/docs/html/training/search/search.jd b/docs/html/training/search/search.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..17e7640
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/search/search.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,217 @@
+page.title=Storing and Searching for Data
+trainingnavtop=true
+previous.title=Setting Up the Search Interface
+previous.link=setup.html
+next.title=Remaining Backward Compatible
+next.link=backward-compat.html
+
+@jd:body
+
+  <div id="tb-wrapper">
+    <div id="tb">
+      <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/search.html#create">Create the Virtual
+        Table</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/search.html#populate">Populate the Virtual
+        Table</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/search.html#search">Search for the Query</a></li>
+      </ul>
+    </div>
+  </div>
+
+  <p>There are many ways to store your data, such as in an online database, in a local SQLite
+  database, or even in a text file. It is up to you to decide what is the best solution for your
+  application. This lesson shows you how to create a SQLite virtual table that can provide robust
+  full-text searching. The table is populated with data from a text file that contains a word and
+  definition pair on each line in the file.</p>
+
+  <h2 id="create">Create the Virtual Table</h2>
+
+  <p>A virtual table behaves similarly to a SQLite table, but reads and writes to an object in
+  memory via callbacks, instead of to a database file. To create a virtual table, create a class
+  for the table:</p>
+  <pre>
+public class DatabaseTable {
+    private final DatabaseOpenHelper mDatabaseOpenHelper;
+
+    public DatabaseTable(Context context) {
+        mDatabaseOpenHelper = new DatabaseOpenHelper(context);
+    }
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>Create an inner class in <code>DatabaseTable</code> that extends {@link
+  android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper}. The {@link android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper} class
+  defines abstract methods that you must override so that your database table can be created and
+  upgraded when necessary. For example, here is some code that declares a database table that will
+  contain words for a dictionary app:</p>
+  <pre>
+public class DatabaseTable {
+
+    private static final String TAG = "DictionaryDatabase";
+
+    //The columns we'll include in the dictionary table
+    public static final String COL_WORD = "WORD";
+    public static final String COL_DEFINITION = "DEFINITION";
+
+    private static final String DATABASE_NAME = "DICTIONARY";
+    private static final String FTS_VIRTUAL_TABLE = "FTS";
+    private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 1;
+
+    private final DatabaseOpenHelper mDatabaseOpenHelper;
+
+    public DatabaseTable(Context context) {
+        mDatabaseOpenHelper = new DatabaseOpenHelper(context);
+    }
+
+    private static class DatabaseOpenHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
+
+        private final Context mHelperContext;
+        private SQLiteDatabase mDatabase;
+
+        private static final String FTS_TABLE_CREATE =
+                    "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE " + FTS_VIRTUAL_TABLE +
+                    " USING fts3 (" +
+                    COL_WORD + ", " +
+                    COL_DEFINITION + ")";
+
+        DatabaseOpenHelper(Context context) {
+            super(context, DATABASE_NAME, null, DATABASE_VERSION);
+            mHelperContext = context;
+        }
+
+        &#64;Override
+        public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
+            mDatabase = db;
+            mDatabase.execSQL(FTS_TABLE_CREATE);
+        }
+
+        &#64;Override
+        public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
+            Log.w(TAG, "Upgrading database from version " + oldVersion + " to "
+                    + newVersion + ", which will destroy all old data");
+            db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + FTS_VIRTUAL_TABLE);
+            onCreate(db);
+        }
+    }
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <h2 id="populate">Populate the Virtual Table</h2>
+
+  <p>The table now needs data to store. The following code shows you how to read a text file
+  (located in <code>res/raw/definitions.txt</code>) that contains words and their definitions, how
+  to parse that file, and how to insert each line of that file as a row in the virtual table. This
+  is all done in another thread to prevent the UI from locking. Add the following code to your
+  <code>DatabaseOpenHelper</code> inner class.</p>
+
+  <p class="note"><strong>Tip:</strong> You also might want to set up a callback to notify your UI
+  activity of this thread's completion.</p>
+  <pre>
+private void loadDictionary() {
+        new Thread(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                try {
+                    loadWords();
+                } catch (IOException e) {
+                    throw new RuntimeException(e);
+                }
+            }
+        }).start();
+    }
+
+private void loadWords() throws IOException {
+    final Resources resources = mHelperContext.getResources();
+    InputStream inputStream = resources.openRawResource(R.raw.definitions);
+    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
+
+    try {
+        String line;
+        while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
+            String[] strings = TextUtils.split(line, "-");
+            if (strings.length &lt; 2) continue;
+            long id = addWord(strings[0].trim(), strings[1].trim());
+            if (id &lt; 0) {
+                Log.e(TAG, "unable to add word: " + strings[0].trim());
+            }
+        }
+    } finally {
+        reader.close();
+    }
+}
+
+public long addWord(String word, String definition) {
+    ContentValues initialValues = new ContentValues();
+    initialValues.put(COL_WORD, word);
+    initialValues.put(COL_DEFINITION, definition);
+
+    return mDatabase.insert(FTS_VIRTUAL_TABLE, null, initialValues);
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>Call the <code>loadDictionary()</code> method wherever appropriate to populate the table. A
+  good place would be in the {@link android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper#onCreate onCreate()}
+  method of the <code>DatabaseOpenHelper</code> class, right after you create the table:</p>
+  <pre>
+&#64;Override
+public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
+    mDatabase = db;
+    mDatabase.execSQL(FTS_TABLE_CREATE);
+    loadDictionary();
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <h2 id="search">Search for the Query</h2>
+
+  <p>When you have the virtual table created and populated, use the query supplied by your {@link
+  android.widget.SearchView} to search the data. Add the following methods to the
+  <code>DatabaseTable</code> class to build a SQL statement that searches for the query:</p>
+  <pre>
+public Cursor getWordMatches(String query, String[] columns) {
+    String selection = COL_WORD + " MATCH ?";
+    String[] selectionArgs = new String[] {query+"*"};
+
+    return query(selection, selectionArgs, columns);
+}
+
+private Cursor query(String selection, String[] selectionArgs, String[] columns) {
+    SQLiteQueryBuilder builder = new SQLiteQueryBuilder();
+    builder.setTables(FTS_VIRTUAL_TABLE);
+
+    Cursor cursor = builder.query(mDatabaseOpenHelper.getReadableDatabase(),
+            columns, selection, selectionArgs, null, null, null);
+
+    if (cursor == null) {
+        return null;
+    } else if (!cursor.moveToFirst()) {
+        cursor.close();
+        return null;
+    }
+    return cursor;
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>Search for a query by calling <code>getWordMatches()</code>. Any matching results are returned
+  in a {@link android.database.Cursor} that you can iterate through or use to build a {@link android.widget.ListView}.
+  This example calls <code>getWordMatches()</code> in the <code>handleIntent()</code> method of the searchable
+  activity. Remember that the searchable activity receives the query inside of the {@link
+  android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent as an extra, because of the intent filter that you
+  previously created:</p>
+  <pre>
+DatabaseTable db = new DatabaseTable(this);
+
+...
+
+private void handleIntent(Intent intent) {
+
+    if (Intent.ACTION_SEARCH.equals(intent.getAction())) {
+        String query = intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY);
+        Cursor c = db.getWordMatches(query, null);
+        //process Cursor and display results
+    }
+}
+</pre>
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diff --git a/docs/html/training/search/setup.jd b/docs/html/training/search/setup.jd
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..044e422
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/html/training/search/setup.jd
@@ -0,0 +1,197 @@
+page.title=Setting Up the Search Interface
+trainingnavtop=true
+next.title=Storing and Searching for Data
+next.link=search.html
+
+@jd:body
+
+  <div id="tb-wrapper">
+    <div id="tb">
+      <h2>This lesson teaches you to</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/setup.html#add-sv">Add the Search View to the Action
+        Bar</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/setup.html#create-sc">Create a Searchable
+        Configuration</a></li>
+
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}training/search/setup.html#create-sa">Create a Searchable
+        Activity</a></li>
+      </ul>
+
+      <h2>You should also read:</h2>
+
+      <ul>
+        <li><a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/ui/actionbar.html">Action Bar</a></li>
+      </ul>
+    </div>
+  </div>
+
+  <p>Beginning in Android 3.0, using the {@link android.widget.SearchView} widget as an item in
+  the action bar is the preferred way to provide search in your app. Like with all items in
+  the action bar, you can define the {@link android.widget.SearchView} to show at all times, only
+  when there is room, or as a collapsible action, which displays the {@link
+  android.widget.SearchView} as an icon initially, then takes up the entire action bar as a search
+  field when the user clicks the icon.</p>
+
+  <p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> Later in this class, you will learn how to make your
+  app compatible down to Android 2.1 (API level 7) for devices that do not support
+  {@link android.widget.SearchView}.</p>
+
+  <h2 id="add-sv">Add the Search View to the Action Bar</h2>
+
+  <p>To add a {@link android.widget.SearchView} widget to the action bar, create a file named
+  <code>res/menu/options_menu.xml</code> in your project and add the following code to the file.
+  This code defines how to create the search item, such as the icon to use and the title of the
+  item. The <code>collapseActionView</code> attribute allows your {@link android.widget.SearchView}
+  to expand to take up the whole action bar and collapse back down into a
+  normal action bar item when not in use. Because of the limited action bar space on handset devices,
+  using the <code>collapsibleActionView</code> attribute is recommended to provide a better
+  user experience.</p>
+  <pre>
+&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?&gt;
+&lt;menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"&gt;
+    &lt;item android:id="@+id/search"
+          android:title="@string/search_title"
+          android:icon="@drawable/ic_search"
+          android:showAsAction="collapseActionView|ifRoom"
+          android:actionViewClass="android.widget.SearchView" /&gt;
+&lt;/menu&gt;
+</pre>
+
+  <p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> If you already have an existing XML file for your menu
+  items, you can add the <code>&lt;item&gt;</code> element to that file instead.</p>
+
+  <p>To display the {@link android.widget.SearchView} in the action bar, inflate the XML menu
+  resource (<code>res/menu/options_menu.xml</code>) in the {@link
+  android.app.Activity#onCreateOptionsMenu onCreateOptionsMenu()} method of your activity:</p>
+  <pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
+    inflater.inflate(R.menu.options_menu, menu);
+
+    return true;
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>If you run your app now, the {@link android.widget.SearchView} appears in your app's action
+  bar, but it isn't functional. You now need to define <em>how</em> the {@link
+  android.widget.SearchView} behaves.</p>
+
+  <h2 id="create-sc">Create a Searchable Configuration</h2>
+
+  <p>A <a href="http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/search/searchable-config.html">searchable
+  configuration</a> defines how the {@link android.widget.SearchView} behaves and is defined in a
+  <code>res/xml/searchable.xml</code> file. At a minimum, a searchable configuration must contain
+  an <code>android:label</code> attribute that has the same value as the
+  <code>android:label</code> attribute of the <a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/manifest/application-element.html">&lt;application&gt;</a> or
+  <a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/manifest/activity-element.html">&lt;activity&gt;</a> element in your Android manifest.
+  However, we also recommend adding an <code>android:hint</code> attribute to give the user an idea of what to enter into the search
+  box:</p>
+  <pre>
+&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?&gt;
+
+&lt;searchable xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
+        android:label="@string/app_name"
+        android:hint="@string/search_hint" /&gt;
+</pre>
+
+  <p>In your application's manifest file, declare a <a href="{@docRoot}guide/topics/manifest/meta-data-element.html">
+  <code>&lt;meta-data&gt;</code></a> element that points to the <code>res/xml/searchable.xml</code> file,
+  so that your application knows where to find it. Declare the element in an <code>&lt;activity&gt;</code>
+  that you want to display the {@link android.widget.SearchView} in:</p>
+  <pre>
+&lt;activity ... &gt;
+    ...
+    &lt;meta-data android:name="android.app.searchable"
+            android:resource="@xml/searchable" /&gt;
+
+&lt;/activity&gt;
+</pre>
+
+  <p>In the {@link android.app.Activity#onCreateOptionsMenu onCreateOptionsMenu()} method that you
+  created before, associate the searchable configuration with the {@link android.widget.SearchView}
+  by calling {@link android.widget.SearchView#setSearchableInfo}:</p>
+  <pre>
+&#64;Override
+public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
+    inflater.inflate(R.menu.options_menu, menu);
+
+    // Associate searchable configuration with the SearchView
+    SearchManager searchManager =
+           (SearchManager) getSystemService(Context.SEARCH_SERVICE);
+    SearchView searchView =
+            (SearchView) menu.findItem(R.id.search).getActionView();
+    searchView.setSearchableInfo(
+            searchManager.getSearchableInfo(getComponentName()));
+
+    return true;
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>The call to {@link android.app.SearchManager#getSearchableInfo getSearchableInfo()} obtains a
+  {@link android.app.SearchableInfo} object that is created from the searchable configuration XML
+  file. When the searchable configuration is correctly associated with your {@link
+  android.widget.SearchView}, the {@link android.widget.SearchView} starts an activity with the
+  {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent when a user submits a query. You now need an
+  activity that can filter for this intent and handle the search query.</p>
+
+  <h2 id="create-sa">Create a Searchable Activity</h2>
+
+  <p>A {@link android.widget.SearchView} tries to start an activity with the {@link
+  android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} when a user submits a search query. A searchable activity
+  filters for the {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent and searches for the query in
+  some sort of data set. To create a searchable activity, declare an activity of your choice to
+  filter for the {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent:</p>
+  <pre>
+&lt;activity android:name=".SearchResultsActivity" ... &gt;
+    ...
+    &lt;intent-filter&gt;
+        &lt;action android:name="android.intent.action.SEARCH" /&gt;
+    &lt;/intent-filter&gt;
+    ...
+&lt;/activity&gt;
+</pre>
+
+  <p>In your searchable activity, handle the {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent by
+  checking for it in your {@link android.app.Activity#onCreate onCreate()} method.</p>
+
+  <p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> If your searchable activity launches in single top mode
+  (<code>android:launchMode="singleTop"</code>), also handle the {@link
+  android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent in the {@link android.app.Activity#onNewIntent
+  onNewIntent()} method. In single top mode, only one instance of your activity is created and
+  subsequent calls to start your activity do not create a new activity on the
+  stack. This launch mode is useful so users can perform searches from the same activity
+  without creating a new activity instance every time.</p>
+  <pre>
+public class SearchResultsActivity extends Activity {
+
+    &#64;Override
+    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        ...
+        handleIntent(getIntent());
+    }
+
+    &#64;Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        ...
+        handleIntent(intent);
+    }
+
+    private void handleIntent(Intent intent) {
+
+        if (Intent.ACTION_SEARCH.equals(intent.getAction())) {
+            String query = intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY);
+            //use the query to search your data somehow
+        }
+    }
+    ...
+}
+</pre>
+
+  <p>If you run your app now, the {@link android.widget.SearchView} can accept the user's query and
+  start your searchable activity with the {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_SEARCH} intent. It
+  is now up to you to figure out how to store and search your data given a query.</p>
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