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/*--- begin host_generic_regs.h ---*/
This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
Copyright (C) 2004-2013 OpenWorks LLP
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#include "libvex_basictypes.h"
/*--- Representing HOST REGISTERS ---*/
/* Host registers. Stuff to represent:
- The register number
- The register class
- Whether or not the register is a virtual reg.
Registers are a 32-bit Int, thusly:
bits 31-28 are the register class.
bits 27-23 are 0000b for real register, 0001b for virtual register
bits 23-0 register number
Note (importantly) that by arranging that the class field is never
0000b, any valid register looks like an extremely large int -- at
least 2^28 -- and so there is little chance of confusing it with an
integer array index in the register allocator.
Note further that since the class field is never 1111b, no valid
register can have the value INVALID_HREG.
There are currently 6 register classes:
int32 int64 float32 float64 simd64 simd128
struct {
UInt reg;
/* When extending this, do not use any value > 14 or < 0. */
/* HRegClass describes host register classes which the instruction
selectors can speak about. We would not expect all of them to be
available on any specific host. For example on x86, the available
classes are: Int32, Flt64, Vec128 only.
IMPORTANT NOTE: host_generic_reg_alloc2.c needs how much space is
needed to spill each class of register. It allocates the following
amount of space:
HRcInt32 64 bits
HRcInt64 64 bits
HRcFlt32 64 bits
HRcFlt64 128 bits (on x86 these are spilled by fstpt/fldt and
so won't fit in a 64-bit slot)
HRcVec64 64 bits
HRcVec128 128 bits
If you add another regclass, you must remember to update
host_generic_reg_alloc2.c accordingly.
enum {
HRcInt32=3, /* 32-bit int */
HRcInt64=4, /* 64-bit int */
HRcFlt32=5, /* 32-bit float */
HRcFlt64=6, /* 64-bit float */
HRcVec64=7, /* 64-bit SIMD */
HRcVec128=8 /* 128-bit SIMD */
extern void ppHRegClass ( HRegClass );
/* Print an HReg in a generic (non-target-specific) way. */
extern void ppHReg ( HReg );
/* Construct/destruct. */
static inline HReg mkHReg ( UInt regno, HRegClass rc, Bool virtual ) {
UInt r24 = regno & 0x00FFFFFF;
/* This is critical. The register number field may only
occupy 24 bits. */
if (r24 != regno)
vpanic("mkHReg: regno exceeds 2^24");
HReg r;
r.reg = regno | (((UInt)rc) << 28) | (virtual ? (1<<24) : 0);
return r;
static inline HRegClass hregClass ( HReg r ) {
UInt rc = r.reg;
rc = (rc >> 28) & 0x0F;
vassert(rc >= HRcInt32 && rc <= HRcVec128);
return (HRegClass)rc;
static inline UInt hregNumber ( HReg r ) {
return r.reg & 0x00FFFFFF;
static inline Bool hregIsVirtual ( HReg r ) {
return toBool(r.reg & (1<<24));
static inline Bool sameHReg ( HReg r1, HReg r2 )
return toBool(r1.reg == r2.reg);
static const HReg INVALID_HREG = { 0xFFFFFFFF };
static inline Bool hregIsInvalid ( HReg r )
return sameHReg(r, INVALID_HREG);
/*--- Recording register usage (for reg-alloc) ---*/
enum { HRmRead, HRmWrite, HRmModify }
/* A struct for recording the usage of registers in instructions.
This can get quite large, but we don't expect to allocate them
dynamically, so there's no problem.
#define N_HREG_USAGE 25
struct {
HReg hreg[N_HREG_USAGE];
HRegMode mode[N_HREG_USAGE];
Int n_used;
extern void ppHRegUsage ( HRegUsage* );
static inline void initHRegUsage ( HRegUsage* tab ) {
tab->n_used = 0;
/* Add a register to a usage table. Combine incoming read uses with
existing write uses into a modify use, and vice versa. Do not
create duplicate entries -- each reg should only be mentioned once.
extern void addHRegUse ( HRegUsage*, HRegMode, HReg );
/*--- Indicating register remappings (for reg-alloc) ---*/
/* Note that such maps can only map virtual regs to real regs.
addToHRegRenap will barf if given a pair not of that form. As a
result, no valid HRegRemap will bind a real reg to anything, and so
if lookupHRegMap is given a real reg, it returns it unchanged.
This is precisely the behaviour that the register allocator needs
to impose its decisions on the instructions it processes. */
#define N_HREG_REMAP 6
struct {
HReg orig [N_HREG_REMAP];
HReg replacement[N_HREG_REMAP];
Int n_used;
extern void ppHRegRemap ( HRegRemap* );
extern void initHRegRemap ( HRegRemap* );
extern void addToHRegRemap ( HRegRemap*, HReg, HReg );
extern HReg lookupHRegRemap ( HRegRemap*, HReg );
/*--- Abstract instructions ---*/
/* A type is needed to refer to pointers to instructions of any
target. Defining it like this means that HInstr* can stand in for
X86Instr*, ArmInstr*, etc. */
typedef void HInstr;
/* An expandable array of HInstr*'s. Handy for insn selection and
register allocation. n_vregs indicates the number of virtual
registers mentioned in the code, something that reg-alloc needs to
know. These are required to be numbered 0 .. n_vregs-1.
struct {
HInstr** arr;
Int arr_size;
Int arr_used;
Int n_vregs;
extern HInstrArray* newHInstrArray ( void );
extern void addHInstr ( HInstrArray*, HInstr* );
/*--- C-Call return-location descriptions ---*/
/* This is common to all back ends. It describes where the return
value from a C call is located. This is important in the case that
the call is conditional, since the return locations will need to be
set to 0x555..555 in the case that the call does not happen. */
enum {
RLPri_None, /* no return value (a.k.a C "void") */
RLPri_Int, /* in the primary int return reg */
RLPri_2Int, /* in both primary and secondary int ret regs */
RLPri_V128SpRel, /* 128-bit value, on the stack */
RLPri_V256SpRel /* 256-bit value, on the stack */
struct {
/* Primary description */
RetLocPrimary pri;
/* For .pri == RLPri_V128SpRel or RLPri_V256SpRel only, gives
the offset of the lowest addressed byte of the value,
relative to the stack pointer. For all other .how values,
has no meaning and should be zero. */
Int spOff;
extern void ppRetLoc ( RetLoc rloc );
static inline RetLoc mk_RetLoc_simple ( RetLocPrimary pri ) {
vassert(pri >= RLPri_INVALID && pri <= RLPri_2Int);
return (RetLoc){pri, 0};
static inline RetLoc mk_RetLoc_spRel ( RetLocPrimary pri, Int off ) {
vassert(pri >= RLPri_V128SpRel && pri <= RLPri_V256SpRel);
return (RetLoc){pri, off};
static inline Bool is_sane_RetLoc ( RetLoc rloc ) {
switch (rloc.pri) {
case RLPri_None: case RLPri_Int: case RLPri_2Int:
return rloc.spOff == 0;
case RLPri_V128SpRel: case RLPri_V256SpRel:
return True;
return False;
static inline RetLoc mk_RetLoc_INVALID ( void ) {
return (RetLoc){RLPri_INVALID, 0};
static inline Bool is_RetLoc_INVALID ( RetLoc rl ) {
return rl.pri == RLPri_INVALID && rl.spOff == 0;
/*--- Reg alloc: TODO: move somewhere else ---*/
HInstrArray* doRegisterAllocation (
/* Incoming virtual-registerised code. */
HInstrArray* instrs_in,
/* An array listing all the real registers the allocator may use,
in no particular order. */
HReg* available_real_regs,
Int n_available_real_regs,
/* Return True iff the given insn is a reg-reg move, in which
case also return the src and dst regs. */
Bool (*isMove) (HInstr*, HReg*, HReg*),
/* Get info about register usage in this insn. */
void (*getRegUsage) (HRegUsage*, HInstr*, Bool),
/* Apply a reg-reg mapping to an insn. */
void (*mapRegs) (HRegRemap*, HInstr*, Bool),
/* Return insn(s) to spill/restore a real reg to a spill slot
offset. And optionally a function to do direct reloads. */
void (*genSpill) ( HInstr**, HInstr**, HReg, Int, Bool ),
void (*genReload) ( HInstr**, HInstr**, HReg, Int, Bool ),
HInstr* (*directReload) ( HInstr*, HReg, Short ),
Int guest_sizeB,
/* For debug printing only. */
void (*ppInstr) ( HInstr*, Bool ),
void (*ppReg) ( HReg ),
/* 32/64bit mode */
Bool mode64
#endif /* ndef __VEX_HOST_GENERIC_REGS_H */
/*--- host_generic_regs.h ---*/