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/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- begin libvex.h ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
framework.
Copyright (C) 2004-2013 OpenWorks LLP
info@open-works.net
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301, USA.
The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.
Neither the names of the U.S. Department of Energy nor the
University of California nor the names of its contributors may be
used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without prior written permission.
*/
#ifndef __LIBVEX_H
#define __LIBVEX_H
#include "libvex_basictypes.h"
#include "libvex_ir.h"
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- This file defines the top-level interface to LibVEX. ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Architectures, variants, and other arch info ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
typedef
enum {
VexArch_INVALID=0x400,
VexArchX86,
VexArchAMD64,
VexArchARM,
VexArchARM64,
VexArchPPC32,
VexArchPPC64,
VexArchS390X,
VexArchMIPS32,
VexArchMIPS64
}
VexArch;
/* Information about endianness. */
typedef
enum {
VexEndness_INVALID=0x600, /* unknown endianness */
VexEndnessLE, /* little endian */
VexEndnessBE /* big endian */
}
VexEndness;
/* For a given architecture, these specify extra capabilities beyond
the minimum supported (baseline) capabilities. They may be OR'd
together, although some combinations don't make sense. (eg, SSE2
but not SSE1). LibVEX_Translate will check for nonsensical
combinations. */
/* x86: baseline capability is Pentium-1 (FPU, MMX, but no SSE), with
cmpxchg8b. MMXEXT is a special AMD only subset of SSE1 (Integer SSE). */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_X86_MMXEXT (1<<1) /* A subset of SSE1 on early AMD */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_X86_SSE1 (1<<2) /* SSE1 support (Pentium III) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_X86_SSE2 (1<<3) /* SSE2 support (Pentium 4) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_X86_SSE3 (1<<4) /* SSE3 support (>= Prescott) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_X86_LZCNT (1<<5) /* SSE4a LZCNT insn */
/* amd64: baseline capability is SSE2, with cmpxchg8b but not
cmpxchg16b. */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_SSE3 (1<<5) /* SSE3 support */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_CX16 (1<<6) /* cmpxchg16b support */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_LZCNT (1<<7) /* SSE4a LZCNT insn */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_AVX (1<<8) /* AVX instructions */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_RDTSCP (1<<9) /* RDTSCP instruction */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_BMI (1<<10) /* BMI1 instructions */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_AVX2 (1<<11) /* AVX2 instructions */
/* ppc32: baseline capability is integer only */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_F (1<<8) /* basic (non-optional) FP */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_V (1<<9) /* Altivec (VMX) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_FX (1<<10) /* FP extns (fsqrt, fsqrts) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_GX (1<<11) /* Graphics extns
(fres,frsqrte,fsel,stfiwx) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_VX (1<<12) /* Vector-scalar floating-point (VSX); implies ISA 2.06 or higher */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_DFP (1<<17) /* Decimal Floating Point (DFP) -- e.g., dadd */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC32_ISA2_07 (1<<19) /* ISA 2.07 -- e.g., mtvsrd */
/* ppc64: baseline capability is integer and basic FP insns */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_V (1<<13) /* Altivec (VMX) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_FX (1<<14) /* FP extns (fsqrt, fsqrts) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_GX (1<<15) /* Graphics extns
(fres,frsqrte,fsel,stfiwx) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_VX (1<<16) /* Vector-scalar floating-point (VSX); implies ISA 2.06 or higher */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_DFP (1<<18) /* Decimal Floating Point (DFP) -- e.g., dadd */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_PPC64_ISA2_07 (1<<20) /* ISA 2.07 -- e.g., mtvsrd */
/* s390x: Hardware capability encoding
Bits [26:31] encode the machine model (see VEX_S390X_MODEL... below)
Bits [0:20] encode specific hardware capabilities
(see VEX_HWAPS_S390X_... below)
*/
/* Model numbers must be assigned in chronological order.
They are used as array index. */
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z900 0
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z800 1
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z990 2
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z890 3
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z9_EC 4
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z9_BC 5
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z10_EC 6
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z10_BC 7
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z196 8
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_Z114 9
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_ZEC12 10
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_ZBC12 11
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_UNKNOWN 12 /* always last in list */
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL_MASK 0x3F
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_LDISP (1<<6) /* Long-displacement facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_EIMM (1<<7) /* Extended-immediate facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_GIE (1<<8) /* General-instruction-extension facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_DFP (1<<9) /* Decimal floating point facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_FGX (1<<10) /* FPR-GR transfer facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_ETF2 (1<<11) /* ETF2-enhancement facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_STFLE (1<<12) /* STFLE facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_ETF3 (1<<13) /* ETF3-enhancement facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_STCKF (1<<14) /* STCKF facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_FPEXT (1<<15) /* Floating point extension facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_LSC (1<<16) /* Conditional load/store facility */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_PFPO (1<<17) /* Perform floating point ops facility */
/* Special value representing all available s390x hwcaps */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_ALL (VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_LDISP | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_EIMM | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_GIE | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_DFP | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_FGX | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_STFLE | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_STCKF | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_FPEXT | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_LSC | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_ETF3 | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_ETF2 | \
VEX_HWCAPS_S390X_PFPO)
#define VEX_HWCAPS_S390X(x) ((x) & ~VEX_S390X_MODEL_MASK)
#define VEX_S390X_MODEL(x) ((x) & VEX_S390X_MODEL_MASK)
/* arm: baseline capability is ARMv4 */
/* Bits 5:0 - architecture level (e.g. 5 for v5, 6 for v6 etc) */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_ARM_VFP (1<<6) /* VFP extension */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_ARM_VFP2 (1<<7) /* VFPv2 */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_ARM_VFP3 (1<<8) /* VFPv3 */
/* Bits 15:10 reserved for (possible) future VFP revisions */
#define VEX_HWCAPS_ARM_NEON (1<<16) /* Advanced SIMD also known as NEON */
/* Get an ARM architecure level from HWCAPS */
#define VEX_ARM_ARCHLEVEL(x) ((x) & 0x3f)
/* ARM64: baseline capability is AArch64 v8. */
/* (no definitions since no variants so far) */
/* MIPS baseline capability */
/* Assigned Company values for bits 23:16 of the PRId Register
(CP0 register 15, select 0). As of the MIPS32 and MIPS64 specs from
MTI, the PRId register is defined in this (backwards compatible)
way:
+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
| Company Options| Company ID | Processor ID | Revision |
+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
31 24 23 16 15 8 7
*/
#define VEX_PRID_COMP_MIPS 0x00010000
#define VEX_PRID_COMP_BROADCOM 0x00020000
#define VEX_PRID_COMP_NETLOGIC 0x000C0000
#define VEX_PRID_COMP_CAVIUM 0x000D0000
/*
* These are the PRID's for when 23:16 == PRID_COMP_MIPS
*/
#define VEX_PRID_IMP_34K 0x9500
#define VEX_PRID_IMP_74K 0x9700
/* CPU has FPU and 32 dbl. prec. FP registers */
#define VEX_PRID_CPU_32FPR 0x00000040
/* Get MIPS Company ID from HWCAPS */
#define VEX_MIPS_COMP_ID(x) ((x) & 0x00FF0000)
/* Get MIPS Processor ID from HWCAPS */
#define VEX_MIPS_PROC_ID(x) ((x) & 0x0000FF00)
/* Get MIPS Revision from HWCAPS */
#define VEX_MIPS_REV(x) ((x) & 0x000000FF)
/* Check if the processor supports DSP ASE Rev 2. */
#define VEX_MIPS_PROC_DSP2(x) ((VEX_MIPS_COMP_ID(x) == VEX_PRID_COMP_MIPS) && \
(VEX_MIPS_PROC_ID(x) == VEX_PRID_IMP_74K))
/* Check if the processor supports DSP ASE Rev 1. */
#define VEX_MIPS_PROC_DSP(x) (VEX_MIPS_PROC_DSP2(x) || \
((VEX_MIPS_COMP_ID(x) == VEX_PRID_COMP_MIPS) && \
(VEX_MIPS_PROC_ID(x) == VEX_PRID_IMP_34K)))
/* These return statically allocated strings. */
extern const HChar* LibVEX_ppVexArch ( VexArch );
extern const HChar* LibVEX_ppVexEndness ( VexEndness endness );
extern const HChar* LibVEX_ppVexHwCaps ( VexArch, UInt );
/* The various kinds of caches */
typedef enum {
DATA_CACHE=0x500,
INSN_CACHE,
UNIFIED_CACHE
} VexCacheKind;
/* Information about a particular cache */
typedef struct {
VexCacheKind kind;
UInt level; /* level this cache is at, e.g. 1 for L1 cache */
UInt sizeB; /* size of this cache in bytes */
UInt line_sizeB; /* cache line size in bytes */
UInt assoc; /* set associativity */
Bool is_trace_cache; /* False, except for certain Pentium 4 models */
} VexCache;
/* Convenience macro to initialise a VexCache */
#define VEX_CACHE_INIT(_kind, _level, _size, _line_size, _assoc) \
({ (VexCache) { .kind = _kind, .level = _level, .sizeB = _size, \
.line_sizeB = _line_size, .assoc = _assoc, \
.is_trace_cache = False }; })
/* Information about the cache system as a whole */
typedef struct {
UInt num_levels;
UInt num_caches;
/* Unordered array of caches for this host. NULL if there are
no caches. The following can always be assumed:
(1) There is at most one cache of a given kind per cache level.
(2) If there exists a unified cache at a particular level then
no other cache exists at that level.
(3) The existence of a cache at level N > 1 implies the existence of
at least one cache at level N-1. */
VexCache *caches;
Bool icaches_maintain_coherence;
} VexCacheInfo;
/* This struct is a bit of a hack, but is needed to carry misc
important bits of info about an arch. Fields which are meaningless
or ignored for the platform in question should be set to zero.
Nb: if you add fields to the struct make sure to update function
LibVEX_default_VexArchInfo. */
typedef
struct {
/* The following three fields are mandatory. */
UInt hwcaps;
VexEndness endness;
VexCacheInfo hwcache_info;
/* PPC32/PPC64 only: size of instruction cache line */
Int ppc_icache_line_szB;
/* PPC32/PPC64 only: sizes zeroed by the dcbz/dcbzl instructions
(bug#135264) */
UInt ppc_dcbz_szB;
UInt ppc_dcbzl_szB; /* 0 means unsupported (SIGILL) */
/* ARM64: I- and D- minimum line sizes in log2(bytes), as
obtained from ctr_el0.DminLine and .IminLine. For example, a
line size of 64 bytes would be encoded here as 6. */
UInt arm64_dMinLine_lg2_szB;
UInt arm64_iMinLine_lg2_szB;
}
VexArchInfo;
/* Write default settings info *vai. */
extern
void LibVEX_default_VexArchInfo ( /*OUT*/VexArchInfo* vai );
/* This struct carries guest and host ABI variant information that may
be needed. Fields which are meaningless or ignored for the
platform in question should be set to zero.
Settings which are believed to be correct are:
guest_stack_redzone_size
guest is ppc32-linux ==> 0
guest is ppc64-linux ==> 288
guest is amd64-linux ==> 128
guest is other ==> inapplicable
guest_amd64_assume_fs_is_zero
guest is amd64-linux ==> True
guest is amd64-darwin ==> False
guest is other ==> inapplicable
guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_0x60
guest is amd64-darwin ==> True
guest is amd64-linux ==> False
guest is other ==> inapplicable
guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_blr
guest is ppc64-linux ==> True
guest is ppc32-linux ==> False
guest is other ==> inapplicable
guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_bl
guest is ppc64-linux ==> const True
guest is ppc32-linux ==> const False
guest is other ==> inapplicable
host_ppc_calls_use_fndescrs:
host is ppc32-linux ==> False
host is ppc64-linux ==> True
host is other ==> inapplicable
*/
typedef
struct {
/* PPC and AMD64 GUESTS only: how many bytes below the
stack pointer are validly addressible? */
Int guest_stack_redzone_size;
/* AMD64 GUESTS only: should we translate %fs-prefixed
instructions using the assumption that %fs always contains
zero? */
Bool guest_amd64_assume_fs_is_zero;
/* AMD64 GUESTS only: should we translate %gs-prefixed
instructions using the assumption that %gs always contains
0x60? */
Bool guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_0x60;
/* PPC GUESTS only: should we zap the stack red zone at a 'blr'
(function return) ? */
Bool guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_blr;
/* PPC GUESTS only: should we zap the stack red zone at a 'bl'
(function call) ? Is supplied with the guest address of the
target of the call since that may be significant. If NULL,
is assumed equivalent to a fn which always returns False. */
Bool (*guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_bl)(Addr64);
/* PPC32/PPC64 HOSTS only: does '&f' give us a pointer to a
function descriptor on the host, or to the function code
itself? True => descriptor, False => code. */
Bool host_ppc_calls_use_fndescrs;
}
VexAbiInfo;
/* Write default settings info *vbi. */
extern
void LibVEX_default_VexAbiInfo ( /*OUT*/VexAbiInfo* vbi );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Control of Vex's optimiser (iropt). ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* VexRegisterUpdates specifies when to ensure that the guest state is
up to date.
VexRegUpdSpAtMemAccess : all registers are updated at superblock
exits, SP is up to date at memory exception points. The SP is described
by the arch specific functions guest_<arch>_state_requires_precise_mem_exns.
VexRegUpdUnwindregsAtMemAccess : registers needed to make a stack trace are
up to date at memory exception points. Typically, these are PC/SP/FP. The
minimal registers are described by the arch specific functions
guest_<arch>_state_requires_precise_mem_exns.
VexRegUpdAllregsAtMemAccess : all registers up to date at memory exception
points.
VexRegUpdAllregsAtEachInsn : all registers up to date at each instruction. */
typedef enum { VexRegUpdSpAtMemAccess=0x700,
VexRegUpdUnwindregsAtMemAccess,
VexRegUpdAllregsAtMemAccess,
VexRegUpdAllregsAtEachInsn } VexRegisterUpdates;
/* Control of Vex's optimiser. */
typedef
struct {
/* Controls verbosity of iropt. 0 = no output. */
Int iropt_verbosity;
/* Control aggressiveness of iropt. 0 = no opt, 1 = simple
opts, 2 (default) = max optimisation. */
Int iropt_level;
/* Controls when registers are updated in guest state. */
VexRegisterUpdates iropt_register_updates;
/* How aggressive should iropt be in unrolling loops? Higher
numbers make it more enthusiastic about loop unrolling.
Default=120. A setting of zero disables unrolling. */
Int iropt_unroll_thresh;
/* What's the maximum basic block length the front end(s) allow?
BBs longer than this are split up. Default=50 (guest
insns). */
Int guest_max_insns;
/* How aggressive should front ends be in following
unconditional branches to known destinations? Default=10,
meaning that if a block contains less than 10 guest insns so
far, the front end(s) will attempt to chase into its
successor. A setting of zero disables chasing. */
Int guest_chase_thresh;
/* EXPERIMENTAL: chase across conditional branches? Not all
front ends honour this. Default: NO. */
Bool guest_chase_cond;
}
VexControl;
/* Write the default settings into *vcon. */
extern
void LibVEX_default_VexControl ( /*OUT*/ VexControl* vcon );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Storage management control ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Allocate in Vex's temporary allocation area. Be careful with this.
You can only call it inside an instrumentation or optimisation
callback that you have previously specified in a call to
LibVEX_Translate. The storage allocated will only stay alive until
translation of the current basic block is complete.
*/
extern HChar* private_LibVEX_alloc_first;
extern HChar* private_LibVEX_alloc_curr;
extern HChar* private_LibVEX_alloc_last;
extern void private_LibVEX_alloc_OOM(void) __attribute__((noreturn));
static inline void* LibVEX_Alloc ( Int nbytes )
{
struct align {
char c;
union {
char c;
short s;
int i;
long l;
long long ll;
float f;
double d;
/* long double is currently not used and would increase alignment
unnecessarily. */
/* long double ld; */
void *pto;
void (*ptf)(void);
} x;
};
#if 0
/* Nasty debugging hack, do not use. */
return malloc(nbytes);
#else
HChar* curr;
HChar* next;
Int ALIGN;
ALIGN = offsetof(struct align,x) - 1;
nbytes = (nbytes + ALIGN) & ~ALIGN;
curr = private_LibVEX_alloc_curr;
next = curr + nbytes;
if (next >= private_LibVEX_alloc_last)
private_LibVEX_alloc_OOM();
private_LibVEX_alloc_curr = next;
return curr;
#endif
}
/* Show Vex allocation statistics. */
extern void LibVEX_ShowAllocStats ( void );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Describing guest state layout ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Describe the guest state enough that the instrumentation
functions can work. */
/* The max number of guest state chunks which we can describe as
always defined (for the benefit of Memcheck). */
#define VEXGLO_N_ALWAYSDEFD 24
typedef
struct {
/* Total size of the guest state, in bytes. Must be
16-aligned. */
Int total_sizeB;
/* Whereabouts is the stack pointer? */
Int offset_SP;
Int sizeof_SP; /* 4 or 8 */
/* Whereabouts is the frame pointer? */
Int offset_FP;
Int sizeof_FP; /* 4 or 8 */
/* Whereabouts is the instruction pointer? */
Int offset_IP;
Int sizeof_IP; /* 4 or 8 */
/* Describe parts of the guest state regarded as 'always
defined'. */
Int n_alwaysDefd;
struct {
Int offset;
Int size;
} alwaysDefd[VEXGLO_N_ALWAYSDEFD];
}
VexGuestLayout;
/* A note about guest state layout.
LibVEX defines the layout for the guest state, in the file
pub/libvex_guest_<arch>.h. The struct will have an 16-aligned
size. Each translated bb is assumed to be entered with a specified
register pointing at such a struct. Beyond that is two copies of
the shadow state area with the same size as the struct. Beyond
that is a spill area that LibVEX may spill into. It must have size
LibVEX_N_SPILL_BYTES, and this must be a 16-aligned number.
On entry, the baseblock pointer register must be 16-aligned.
There must be no holes in between the primary guest state, its two
copies, and the spill area. In short, all 4 areas must have a
16-aligned size and be 16-aligned, and placed back-to-back.
*/
#define LibVEX_N_SPILL_BYTES 4096
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Initialisation of the library ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Initialise the library. You must call this first. */
extern void LibVEX_Init (
/* failure exit function */
# if __cplusplus == 1 && __GNUC__ && __GNUC__ <= 3
/* g++ 3.x doesn't understand attributes on function parameters.
See #265762. */
# else
__attribute__ ((noreturn))
# endif
void (*failure_exit) ( void ),
/* logging output function */
void (*log_bytes) ( HChar*, Int nbytes ),
/* debug paranoia level */
Int debuglevel,
/* Control ... */
const VexControl* vcon
);
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Make a translation ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Describes the outcome of a translation attempt. */
typedef
struct {
/* overall status */
enum { VexTransOK=0x800,
VexTransAccessFail, VexTransOutputFull } status;
/* The number of extents that have a self-check (0 to 3) */
UInt n_sc_extents;
/* Offset in generated code of the profile inc, or -1 if
none. Needed for later patching. */
Int offs_profInc;
/* Stats only: the number of guest insns included in the
translation. It may be zero (!). */
UInt n_guest_instrs;
}
VexTranslateResult;
/* Describes precisely the pieces of guest code that a translation
covers. Now that Vex can chase across BB boundaries, the old
scheme of describing a chunk of guest code merely by its start
address and length is inadequate.
Hopefully this struct is only 32 bytes long. Space is important as
clients will have to store one of these for each translation made.
*/
typedef
struct {
Addr64 base[3];
UShort len[3];
UShort n_used;
}
VexGuestExtents;
/* A structure to carry arguments for LibVEX_Translate. There are so
many of them, it seems better to have a structure. */
typedef
struct {
/* IN: The instruction sets we are translating from and to. And
guest/host misc info. */
VexArch arch_guest;
VexArchInfo archinfo_guest;
VexArch arch_host;
VexArchInfo archinfo_host;
VexAbiInfo abiinfo_both;
/* IN: an opaque value which is passed as the first arg to all
callback functions supplied in this struct. Vex has no idea
what's at the other end of this pointer. */
void* callback_opaque;
/* IN: the block to translate, and its guest address. */
/* where are the actual bytes in the host's address space? */
UChar* guest_bytes;
/* where do the bytes really come from in the guest's aspace?
This is the post-redirection guest address. Not that Vex
understands anything about redirection; that is all done on
the Valgrind side. */
Addr64 guest_bytes_addr;
/* Is it OK to chase into this guest address? May not be
NULL. */
Bool (*chase_into_ok) ( /*callback_opaque*/void*, Addr64 );
/* OUT: which bits of guest code actually got translated */
VexGuestExtents* guest_extents;
/* IN: a place to put the resulting code, and its size */
UChar* host_bytes;
Int host_bytes_size;
/* OUT: how much of the output area is used. */
Int* host_bytes_used;
/* IN: optionally, two instrumentation functions. May be
NULL. */
IRSB* (*instrument1) ( /*callback_opaque*/void*,
IRSB*,
VexGuestLayout*,
VexGuestExtents*,
VexArchInfo*,
IRType gWordTy, IRType hWordTy );
IRSB* (*instrument2) ( /*callback_opaque*/void*,
IRSB*,
VexGuestLayout*,
VexGuestExtents*,
VexArchInfo*,
IRType gWordTy, IRType hWordTy );
IRSB* (*finaltidy) ( IRSB* );
/* IN: a callback used to ask the caller which of the extents,
if any, a self check is required for. Must not be NULL.
The returned value is a bitmask with a 1 in position i indicating
that the i'th extent needs a check. Since there can be at most
3 extents, the returned values must be between 0 and 7. */
UInt (*needs_self_check)( /*callback_opaque*/void*,
VexGuestExtents* );
/* IN: optionally, a callback which allows the caller to add its
own IR preamble following the self-check and any other
VEX-generated preamble, if any. May be NULL. If non-NULL,
the IRSB under construction is handed to this function, which
presumably adds IR statements to it. The callback may
optionally complete the block and direct bb_to_IR not to
disassemble any instructions into it; this is indicated by
the callback returning True.
*/
Bool (*preamble_function)(/*callback_opaque*/void*, IRSB*);
/* IN: debug: trace vex activity at various points */
Int traceflags;
/* IN: debug: print diagnostics when an illegal instr is detected */
Bool sigill_diag;
/* IN: profiling: add a 64 bit profiler counter increment to the
translation? */
Bool addProfInc;
/* IN: address of the dispatcher entry points. Describes the
places where generated code should jump to at the end of each
bb.
At the end of each translation, the next guest address is
placed in the host's standard return register (x86: %eax,
amd64: %rax, ppc32: %r3, ppc64: %r3). Optionally, the guest
state pointer register (on host x86: %ebp; amd64: %rbp;
ppc32/64: r31) may be set to a VEX_TRC_ value to indicate any
special action required before the next block is run.
Control is then passed back to the dispatcher (beyond Vex's
control; caller supplies this) in the following way:
- On host archs which lack a link register (x86, amd64), by a
jump to the host address specified in
'dispatcher_assisted', if the guest state pointer has been
changed so as to request some action before the next block
is run, or 'dispatcher_unassisted' (the fast path), in
which it is assumed that the guest state pointer is
unchanged and we wish to continue directly with the next
translation. Both of these must be non-NULL.
- On host archs which have a link register (ppc32, ppc64), by
a branch to the link register (which is guaranteed to be
unchanged from whatever it was at entry to the
translation). 'dispatch_assisted' and
'dispatch_unassisted' must be NULL.
The aim is to get back and forth between translations and the
dispatcher without creating memory traffic to store return
addresses.
FIXME: update this comment
*/
void* disp_cp_chain_me_to_slowEP;
void* disp_cp_chain_me_to_fastEP;
void* disp_cp_xindir;
void* disp_cp_xassisted;
}
VexTranslateArgs;
extern
VexTranslateResult LibVEX_Translate ( VexTranslateArgs* );
/* A subtlety re interaction between self-checking translations and
bb-chasing. The supplied chase_into_ok function should say NO
(False) when presented with any address for which you might want to
make a self-checking translation.
If it doesn't do that, you may end up with Vex chasing from BB #1
to BB #2 (fine); but if you wanted checking for #2 and not #1, that
would not be the result. Therefore chase_into_ok should disallow
following into #2. That will force the caller to eventually
request a new translation starting at #2, at which point Vex will
correctly observe the make-a-self-check flag.
FIXME: is this still up to date? */
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Patch existing translations ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* A host address range that was modified by the functions below.
Callers must request I-cache syncing after the call as appropriate. */
typedef
struct {
HWord start;
HWord len; /* always > 0 */
}
VexInvalRange;
/* Chain an XDirect jump located at place_to_chain so it jumps to
place_to_jump_to. It is expected (and checked) that this site
currently contains a call to the dispatcher specified by
disp_cp_chain_me_EXPECTED. */
extern
VexInvalRange LibVEX_Chain ( VexArch arch_host,
VexEndness endhess_host,
void* place_to_chain,
const void* disp_cp_chain_me_EXPECTED,
const void* place_to_jump_to );
/* Undo an XDirect jump located at place_to_unchain, so it is
converted back into a call to disp_cp_chain_me. It is expected
(and checked) that this site currently contains a jump directly to
the address specified by place_to_jump_to_EXPECTED. */
extern
VexInvalRange LibVEX_UnChain ( VexArch arch_host,
VexEndness endness_host,
void* place_to_unchain,
const void* place_to_jump_to_EXPECTED,
const void* disp_cp_chain_me );
/* Returns a constant -- the size of the event check that is put at
the start of every translation. This makes it possible to
calculate the fast entry point address if the slow entry point
address is known (the usual case), or vice versa. */
extern
Int LibVEX_evCheckSzB ( VexArch arch_host,
VexEndness endness_host );
/* Patch the counter location into an existing ProfInc point. The
specified point is checked to make sure it is plausible. */
extern
VexInvalRange LibVEX_PatchProfInc ( VexArch arch_host,
VexEndness endness_host,
void* place_to_patch,
const ULong* location_of_counter );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Show accumulated statistics ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
extern void LibVEX_ShowStats ( void );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*-- IR injection --*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* IR Injection Control Block */
#define NO_ROUNDING_MODE (~0u)
typedef
struct {
IROp op; // the operation to perform
HWord result; // address of the result
HWord opnd1; // address of 1st operand
HWord opnd2; // address of 2nd operand
HWord opnd3; // address of 3rd operand
HWord opnd4; // address of 4th operand
IRType t_result; // type of result
IRType t_opnd1; // type of 1st operand
IRType t_opnd2; // type of 2nd operand
IRType t_opnd3; // type of 3rd operand
IRType t_opnd4; // type of 4th operand
UInt rounding_mode;
UInt num_operands; // excluding rounding mode, if any
Bool shift_amount_is_immediate;
}
IRICB;
extern void LibVEX_InitIRI ( const IRICB * );
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Notes ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Code generation conventions that need to be recorded somewhere.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
x86
~~~
Generated code should be entered using a JMP instruction. On
entry, %ebp should point to the guest state, and %esp should be a
valid stack pointer. The generated code may change %eax, %ebx,
%ecx, %edx, %esi, %edi, all the FP registers and control state, and
all the XMM registers.
On entry, the FPU control word should be set to 0x027F, and the SSE
control word (%mxcsr) should be set to 0x1F80. On exit, they
should still have those values (after masking off the lowest 6 bits
of %mxcsr). If they don't, there is a bug in VEX-generated code.
Generated code returns to the scheduler using a JMP instruction, to
the address specified in the .dispatch field of VexTranslateArgs.
%eax (or %eax:%edx, if simulating a 64-bit target) will contain the
guest address of the next block to execute. %ebp may be changed
to a VEX_TRC_ value, otherwise it should be as it was at entry.
CRITICAL ISSUES in x86 code generation. The only known critical
issue is that the host FPU and SSE state is not properly saved
across calls to helper functions. If any helper references any
such state, it is likely (1) to misbehave itself, since the FP
stack tags will not be as expected, and (2) after returning to
generated code, the generated code is likely to go wrong. This
really should be fixed.
amd64
~~~~~
Analogous to x86.
ppc32
~~~~~
On entry, guest state pointer is r31. .dispatch must be NULL.
Control is returned with a branch to the link register. Generated
code will not change lr. At return, r3 holds the next guest addr
(or r3:r4 ?). r31 may be may be changed to a VEX_TRC_ value,
otherwise it should be as it was at entry.
ppc64
~~~~~
Same as ppc32.
arm32
~~~~~
r8 is GSP.
arm64
~~~~~
r21 is GSP.
ALL GUEST ARCHITECTURES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The guest state must contain two pseudo-registers, guest_CMSTART
and guest_CMLEN. These are used to specify guest address ranges,
either of code to be invalidated, when used in conjunction with
Ijk_InvalICache, or of d-cache ranges to be flushed, when used in
conjunction with Ijk_FlushDCache. In such cases, the two _CM
pseudo-regs should be filled in by the IR, and then an exit with
one of the two abovementioned Ijk_ kinds should happen, so that the
dispatcher can action them. Both pseudo-regs must have size equal
to the guest word size.
The architecture must a third pseudo-register, guest_NRADDR, also
guest-word-sized. This is used to record the unredirected guest
address at the start of a translation whose start has been
redirected. By reading this pseudo-register shortly afterwards,
the translation can find out what the corresponding no-redirection
address was. Note, this is only set for wrap-style redirects, not
for replace-style ones.
*/
#endif /* ndef __LIBVEX_H */
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- libvex.h ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/