This patch decreases significantly the memory needed for OldRef and
slightly increases the performance. It also moderately improves
the nr of cases where helgrind can provide the stack trace of the old
access (when using the same amount of memory for the OldRef entries).
The patch also provides a new helgrind monitor command to show
the recorded accesses for an address+len, and adds an optional argument
lock_address to the monitor command 'info locks', to show the info
about just this lock.

Currently, oldref are maintained in a sparse WA, that points to N
entries, as specified by --conflict-cache-size=N.
For each entry (associated to an address), we have the last 5 accesses.

Old entries are recycled in an exact LRU order.
But inside an entry, we could have a recent access, and 4 very
old accesses that are kept 'alive' by a single thread accessing
repetitively the address shared with the 4 other old entries.

The attached patch replaces the sparse WA that maintains the OldREf
by an hash table.
Each OldRef now also only maintains one single access for an address.
As an OldRef now maintains only one access, all the entries are now
strictly in LRU mode.

Memory used for OldRef
For the trunk, an OldRef has a size of 72 bytes (on 32 bits archs)
maintaining up to 5 accesses to the same address.
On 64 bits arch, an OldRef is 104 bytes.

With the patch, an OldRef has a size of 32 bytes (on 32 bits archs)
or 56 bytes (on 64 bits archs).

So, for one single access, the new code needs (on 32 bits)
32 bytes, while the trunk needs only 14.4 bytes.
However, that is the worst case, assuming that the 5 entries in the
accs array are all used.
Looking on 2 big apps (one of them being firefox), we see that
we have very few OldRef entries that have the 5 entries occupied.
On a firefox startup, of the 5x1,000,000 accesses, we only have
1,406,939 accesses that are used.
So, in average, the trunk uses in reality around 52 bytes per access.

The default value for --conflict-cache-size has been doubled to 2000000.
This ensures that the memory used for the OldRef is more or less the
same as the trunk (104Mb for OldRef entries).

Memory used for sparseWA versus hashtable
Looking on 2 big apps (one of them being firefox), we see that
there are big variations on the size of the WA : it can go in a few
seconds from 10MB to 250MB, or can decrease back to 10 MB.
This all depends where the last N accesses were done: if well localised,
the WA will be small.
If the last N accesses were distributed over a big address space,
then the WA will be big: the last level of WA (the biggest memory consumer)
uses slightly more than 1KB (2KB on 64 bits) for each '256 bytes' memory
zone where there is an oldref. So, in the worst case, on 32 bits, we
need > 1_000_000_000 sparseWA memory to keep 1_000_000 OldRef.

The hash table has between 1 to 2 Word overhead per OldRef
(as the chain array is +- doubled each time the hash table is full).
So, unless the OldRef are extremely localised, the overhead of the
hash table will be significantly less.

With the patch, the core arena total alloc is:
  5299535/1201448632 totalloc-blocks/bytes
The trunk is
  6693111/3959050280 totalloc-blocks/bytes
(so, around 1.20Gb versus 3.95Gb).
This big difference is due to the fact that the sparseWA repetitively
allocates then frees Level0 or LevelN when OldRef in the region covered
by the Level0/N have all been recycled.

In terms of CPU
With the patch, on amd64, a firefox startup seems slightly faster (around 1%).
The peak memory mmaped/used decreases by 200Mb.
For a libreoffice test, the memory decreases by 230Mb. CPU also decreases
slightly (1%).

In terms of correctness:
The trunk could potentially show not the most recent access
to the memory of a race : the first OldRef entry matching the raced upon
address was used, while we could have a more recent access in a following
OldRef entry. In other words, the trunk only guaranteed to find the
most recent access in an OldRef, but not between the several OldRef that
could cover the raced upon address.
So, assuming it is important to show the most recent access, this patch
ensures we really show the most recent access, even in presence of overlapping

git-svn-id: svn:// a5019735-40e9-0310-863c-91ae7b9d1cf9
8 files changed