blob: 212ed6f651eaa6b71d5fb8a56faeb44d3d345ca5 [file] [log] [blame]
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Interface to LibVEX_Translate, and the SP-update pass ---*/
/*--- m_translate.c ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
framework.
Copyright (C) 2000-2013 Julian Seward
jseward@acm.org
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.
The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.
*/
#include "pub_core_basics.h"
#include "pub_core_vki.h"
#include "pub_core_aspacemgr.h"
#include "pub_core_machine.h" // VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)
// VG_(get_SP)
// VG_(machine_get_VexArchInfo)
#include "pub_core_libcbase.h"
#include "pub_core_libcassert.h"
#include "pub_core_libcprint.h"
#include "pub_core_options.h"
#include "pub_core_debuginfo.h" // VG_(get_fnname_w_offset)
#include "pub_core_redir.h" // VG_(redir_do_lookup)
#include "pub_core_signals.h" // VG_(synth_fault_{perms,mapping}
#include "pub_core_stacks.h" // VG_(unknown_SP_update*)()
#include "pub_core_tooliface.h" // VG_(tdict)
#include "pub_core_translate.h"
#include "pub_core_transtab.h"
#include "pub_core_dispatch.h" // VG_(run_innerloop__dispatch_{un}profiled)
// VG_(run_a_noredir_translation__return_point)
#include "pub_core_libcsetjmp.h" // to keep _threadstate.h happy
#include "pub_core_threadstate.h" // VexGuestArchState
#include "pub_core_trampoline.h" // VG_(ppctoc_magic_redirect_return_stub)
#include "pub_core_execontext.h" // VG_(make_depth_1_ExeContext_from_Addr)
#include "pub_core_gdbserver.h" // VG_(instrument_for_gdbserver_if_needed)
#include "libvex_emnote.h" // For PPC, EmWarn_PPC64_redir_underflow
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Stats ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
static UInt n_SP_updates_fast = 0;
static UInt n_SP_updates_generic_known = 0;
static UInt n_SP_updates_generic_unknown = 0;
void VG_(print_translation_stats) ( void )
{
UInt n_SP_updates = n_SP_updates_fast + n_SP_updates_generic_known
+ n_SP_updates_generic_unknown;
if (n_SP_updates == 0) {
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg, "translate: no SP updates identified\n");
return;
}
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg,
"translate: fast SP updates identified: %'u (%3.1f%%)\n",
n_SP_updates_fast, n_SP_updates_fast * 100.0 / n_SP_updates );
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg,
"translate: generic_known SP updates identified: %'u (%3.1f%%)\n",
n_SP_updates_generic_known,
n_SP_updates_generic_known * 100.0 / n_SP_updates );
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg,
"translate: generic_unknown SP updates identified: %'u (%3.1f%%)\n",
n_SP_updates_generic_unknown,
n_SP_updates_generic_unknown * 100.0 / n_SP_updates );
}
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- %SP-update pass ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
static Bool need_to_handle_SP_assignment(void)
{
return ( VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_4 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_4 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_8 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_8 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_12 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_12 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_16 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_16 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_32 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_32 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_112 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_112 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_128 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_128 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_144 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_144 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_160 ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_160 ||
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack ||
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack );
}
// - The SP aliases are held in an array which is used as a circular buffer.
// This misses very few constant updates of SP (ie. < 0.1%) while using a
// small, constant structure that will also never fill up and cause
// execution to abort.
// - Unused slots have a .temp value of 'IRTemp_INVALID'.
// - 'next_SP_alias_slot' is the index where the next alias will be stored.
// - If the buffer fills, we circle around and start over-writing
// non-IRTemp_INVALID values. This is rare, and the overwriting of a
// value that would have subsequently be used is even rarer.
// - Every slot below next_SP_alias_slot holds a non-IRTemp_INVALID value.
// The rest either all won't (if we haven't yet circled around) or all
// will (if we have circled around).
typedef
struct {
IRTemp temp;
Long delta;
}
SP_Alias;
// With 32 slots the buffer fills very rarely -- eg. once in a run of GCC.
// And I've tested with smaller values and the wrap-around case works ok.
#define N_ALIASES 32
static SP_Alias SP_aliases[N_ALIASES];
static Int next_SP_alias_slot = 0;
static void clear_SP_aliases(void)
{
Int i;
for (i = 0; i < N_ALIASES; i++) {
SP_aliases[i].temp = IRTemp_INVALID;
SP_aliases[i].delta = 0;
}
next_SP_alias_slot = 0;
}
static void add_SP_alias(IRTemp temp, Long delta)
{
vg_assert(temp != IRTemp_INVALID);
SP_aliases[ next_SP_alias_slot ].temp = temp;
SP_aliases[ next_SP_alias_slot ].delta = delta;
next_SP_alias_slot++;
if (N_ALIASES == next_SP_alias_slot) next_SP_alias_slot = 0;
}
static Bool get_SP_delta(IRTemp temp, Long* delta)
{
Int i; // i must be signed!
vg_assert(IRTemp_INVALID != temp);
// Search backwards between current buffer position and the start.
for (i = next_SP_alias_slot-1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (temp == SP_aliases[i].temp) {
*delta = SP_aliases[i].delta;
return True;
}
}
// Search backwards between the end and the current buffer position.
for (i = N_ALIASES-1; i >= next_SP_alias_slot; i--) {
if (temp == SP_aliases[i].temp) {
*delta = SP_aliases[i].delta;
return True;
}
}
return False;
}
static void update_SP_aliases(Long delta)
{
Int i;
for (i = 0; i < N_ALIASES; i++) {
if (SP_aliases[i].temp == IRTemp_INVALID) {
return;
}
SP_aliases[i].delta += delta;
}
}
/* Given a guest IP, get an origin tag for a 1-element stack trace,
and wrap it up in an IR atom that can be passed as the origin-tag
value for a stack-adjustment helper function. */
static IRExpr* mk_ecu_Expr ( Addr64 guest_IP )
{
UInt ecu;
ExeContext* ec
= VG_(make_depth_1_ExeContext_from_Addr)( (Addr)guest_IP );
vg_assert(ec);
ecu = VG_(get_ECU_from_ExeContext)( ec );
vg_assert(VG_(is_plausible_ECU)(ecu));
/* This is always safe to do, since ecu is only 32 bits, and
HWord is 32 or 64. */
return mkIRExpr_HWord( (HWord)ecu );
}
/* When gdbserver is activated, the translation of a block must
first be done by the tool function, then followed by a pass
which (if needed) instruments the code for gdbserver.
*/
static
IRSB* tool_instrument_then_gdbserver_if_needed ( VgCallbackClosure* closureV,
IRSB* sb_in,
const VexGuestLayout* layout,
const VexGuestExtents* vge,
const VexArchInfo* vai,
IRType gWordTy,
IRType hWordTy )
{
return VG_(instrument_for_gdbserver_if_needed)
(VG_(tdict).tool_instrument (closureV,
sb_in,
layout,
vge,
vai,
gWordTy,
hWordTy),
layout,
vge,
gWordTy,
hWordTy);
}
/* For tools that want to know about SP changes, this pass adds
in the appropriate hooks. We have to do it after the tool's
instrumentation, so the tool doesn't have to worry about the C calls
it adds in, and we must do it before register allocation because
spilled temps make it much harder to work out the SP deltas.
This it is done with Vex's "second instrumentation" pass.
Basically, we look for GET(SP)/PUT(SP) pairs and track constant
increments/decrements of SP between them. (This requires tracking one or
more "aliases", which are not exact aliases but instead are tempregs
whose value is equal to the SP's plus or minus a known constant.)
If all the changes to SP leading up to a PUT(SP) are by known, small
constants, we can do a specific call to eg. new_mem_stack_4, otherwise
we fall back to the case that handles an unknown SP change.
There is some extra complexity to deal correctly with updates to
only parts of SP. Bizarre, but it has been known to happen.
*/
static
IRSB* vg_SP_update_pass ( void* closureV,
IRSB* sb_in,
const VexGuestLayout* layout,
const VexGuestExtents* vge,
const VexArchInfo* vai,
IRType gWordTy,
IRType hWordTy )
{
Int i, j, k, minoff_ST, maxoff_ST, sizeof_SP, offset_SP;
Int first_SP, last_SP, first_Put, last_Put;
IRDirty *dcall, *d;
IRStmt* st;
IRExpr* e;
IRRegArray* descr;
IRType typeof_SP;
Long delta, con;
/* Set up stuff for tracking the guest IP */
Bool curr_IP_known = False;
Addr64 curr_IP = 0;
/* Set up BB */
IRSB* bb = emptyIRSB();
bb->tyenv = deepCopyIRTypeEnv(sb_in->tyenv);
bb->next = deepCopyIRExpr(sb_in->next);
bb->jumpkind = sb_in->jumpkind;
bb->offsIP = sb_in->offsIP;
delta = 0;
sizeof_SP = layout->sizeof_SP;
offset_SP = layout->offset_SP;
typeof_SP = sizeof_SP==4 ? Ity_I32 : Ity_I64;
vg_assert(sizeof_SP == 4 || sizeof_SP == 8);
/* --- Start of #defines --- */
# define IS_ADD(op) (sizeof_SP==4 ? ((op)==Iop_Add32) : ((op)==Iop_Add64))
# define IS_SUB(op) (sizeof_SP==4 ? ((op)==Iop_Sub32) : ((op)==Iop_Sub64))
# define IS_ADD_OR_SUB(op) (IS_ADD(op) || IS_SUB(op))
# define GET_CONST(con) \
(sizeof_SP==4 ? (Long)(Int)(con->Ico.U32) \
: (Long)(con->Ico.U64))
# define DO_NEW(syze, tmpp) \
do { \
Bool vanilla, w_ecu; \
vg_assert(curr_IP_known); \
vanilla = NULL != VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_##syze; \
w_ecu = NULL != VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_##syze##_w_ECU; \
vg_assert(!(vanilla && w_ecu)); /* can't have both */ \
if (!(vanilla || w_ecu)) \
goto generic; \
\
/* I don't know if it's really necessary to say that the */ \
/* call reads the stack pointer. But anyway, we do. */ \
if (w_ecu) { \
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N( \
2/*regparms*/, \
"track_new_mem_stack_" #syze "_w_ECU", \
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( \
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_##syze##_w_ECU ), \
mkIRExprVec_2(IRExpr_RdTmp(tmpp), \
mk_ecu_Expr(curr_IP)) \
); \
} else { \
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N( \
1/*regparms*/, \
"track_new_mem_stack_" #syze , \
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( \
VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_##syze ), \
mkIRExprVec_1(IRExpr_RdTmp(tmpp)) \
); \
} \
dcall->nFxState = 1; \
dcall->fxState[0].fx = Ifx_Read; \
dcall->fxState[0].offset = layout->offset_SP; \
dcall->fxState[0].size = layout->sizeof_SP; \
dcall->fxState[0].nRepeats = 0; \
dcall->fxState[0].repeatLen = 0; \
\
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Dirty(dcall) ); \
\
vg_assert(syze > 0); \
update_SP_aliases(syze); \
\
n_SP_updates_fast++; \
\
} while (0)
# define DO_DIE(syze, tmpp) \
do { \
if (!VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_##syze) \
goto generic; \
\
/* I don't know if it's really necessary to say that the */ \
/* call reads the stack pointer. But anyway, we do. */ \
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N( \
1/*regparms*/, \
"track_die_mem_stack_" #syze, \
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( \
VG_(tdict).track_die_mem_stack_##syze ), \
mkIRExprVec_1(IRExpr_RdTmp(tmpp)) \
); \
dcall->nFxState = 1; \
dcall->fxState[0].fx = Ifx_Read; \
dcall->fxState[0].offset = layout->offset_SP; \
dcall->fxState[0].size = layout->sizeof_SP; \
dcall->fxState[0].nRepeats = 0; \
dcall->fxState[0].repeatLen = 0; \
\
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Dirty(dcall) ); \
\
vg_assert(syze > 0); \
update_SP_aliases(-(syze)); \
\
n_SP_updates_fast++; \
\
} while (0)
/* --- End of #defines --- */
clear_SP_aliases();
for (i = 0; i < sb_in->stmts_used; i++) {
st = sb_in->stmts[i];
if (st->tag == Ist_IMark) {
curr_IP_known = True;
curr_IP = st->Ist.IMark.addr;
}
/* t = Get(sp): curr = t, delta = 0 */
if (st->tag != Ist_WrTmp) goto case2;
e = st->Ist.WrTmp.data;
if (e->tag != Iex_Get) goto case2;
if (e->Iex.Get.offset != offset_SP) goto case2;
if (e->Iex.Get.ty != typeof_SP) goto case2;
vg_assert( typeOfIRTemp(bb->tyenv, st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp) == typeof_SP );
add_SP_alias(st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp, 0);
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
continue;
case2:
/* t' = curr +/- const: curr = t', delta +=/-= const */
if (st->tag != Ist_WrTmp) goto case3;
e = st->Ist.WrTmp.data;
if (e->tag != Iex_Binop) goto case3;
if (e->Iex.Binop.arg1->tag != Iex_RdTmp) goto case3;
if (!get_SP_delta(e->Iex.Binop.arg1->Iex.RdTmp.tmp, &delta)) goto case3;
if (e->Iex.Binop.arg2->tag != Iex_Const) goto case3;
if (!IS_ADD_OR_SUB(e->Iex.Binop.op)) goto case3;
con = GET_CONST(e->Iex.Binop.arg2->Iex.Const.con);
vg_assert( typeOfIRTemp(bb->tyenv, st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp) == typeof_SP );
if (IS_ADD(e->Iex.Binop.op)) {
add_SP_alias(st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp, delta + con);
} else {
add_SP_alias(st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp, delta - con);
}
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
continue;
case3:
/* t' = curr: curr = t' */
if (st->tag != Ist_WrTmp) goto case4;
e = st->Ist.WrTmp.data;
if (e->tag != Iex_RdTmp) goto case4;
if (!get_SP_delta(e->Iex.RdTmp.tmp, &delta)) goto case4;
vg_assert( typeOfIRTemp(bb->tyenv, st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp) == typeof_SP );
add_SP_alias(st->Ist.WrTmp.tmp, delta);
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
continue;
case4:
/* Put(sp) = curr */
/* More generally, we must correctly handle a Put which writes
any part of SP, not just the case where all of SP is
written. */
if (st->tag != Ist_Put) goto case5;
first_SP = offset_SP;
last_SP = first_SP + sizeof_SP - 1;
first_Put = st->Ist.Put.offset;
last_Put = first_Put
+ sizeofIRType( typeOfIRExpr( bb->tyenv, st->Ist.Put.data ))
- 1;
vg_assert(first_SP <= last_SP);
vg_assert(first_Put <= last_Put);
if (last_Put < first_SP || last_SP < first_Put)
goto case5; /* no overlap */
if (st->Ist.Put.data->tag == Iex_RdTmp
&& get_SP_delta(st->Ist.Put.data->Iex.RdTmp.tmp, &delta)) {
IRTemp tttmp = st->Ist.Put.data->Iex.RdTmp.tmp;
/* Why should the following assertion hold? Because any
alias added by put_SP_alias must be of a temporary which
has the same type as typeof_SP, and whose value is a Get
at exactly offset_SP of size typeof_SP. Each call to
put_SP_alias is immediately preceded by an assertion that
we are putting in a binding for a correctly-typed
temporary. */
vg_assert( typeOfIRTemp(bb->tyenv, tttmp) == typeof_SP );
/* From the same type-and-offset-correctness argument, if
we found a useable alias, it must for an "exact" write of SP. */
vg_assert(first_SP == first_Put);
vg_assert(last_SP == last_Put);
switch (delta) {
case 0: addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 4: DO_DIE( 4, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -4: DO_NEW( 4, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 8: DO_DIE( 8, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -8: DO_NEW( 8, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 12: DO_DIE( 12, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -12: DO_NEW( 12, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 16: DO_DIE( 16, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -16: DO_NEW( 16, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 32: DO_DIE( 32, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -32: DO_NEW( 32, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 112: DO_DIE( 112, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -112: DO_NEW( 112, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 128: DO_DIE( 128, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -128: DO_NEW( 128, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 144: DO_DIE( 144, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -144: DO_NEW( 144, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case 160: DO_DIE( 160, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
case -160: DO_NEW( 160, tttmp); addStmtToIRSB(bb,st); continue;
default:
/* common values for ppc64: 144 128 160 112 176 */
n_SP_updates_generic_known++;
goto generic;
}
} else {
/* Deal with an unknown update to SP. We're here because
either:
(1) the Put does not exactly cover SP; it is a partial update.
Highly unlikely, but has been known to happen for 16-bit
Windows apps running on Wine, doing 16-bit adjustments to
%sp.
(2) the Put does exactly cover SP, but we are unable to
determine how the value relates to the old SP. In any
case, we cannot assume that the Put.data value is a tmp;
we must assume it can be anything allowed in flat IR (tmp
or const).
*/
IRTemp old_SP;
n_SP_updates_generic_unknown++;
// Nb: if all is well, this generic case will typically be
// called something like every 1000th SP update. If it's more than
// that, the above code may be missing some cases.
generic:
/* Pass both the old and new SP values to this helper. Also,
pass an origin tag, even if it isn't needed. */
old_SP = newIRTemp(bb->tyenv, typeof_SP);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_WrTmp( old_SP, IRExpr_Get(offset_SP, typeof_SP) )
);
/* Now we know what the old value of SP is. But knowing the new
value is a bit tricky if there is a partial write. */
if (first_Put == first_SP && last_Put == last_SP) {
/* The common case, an exact write to SP. So st->Ist.Put.data
does hold the new value; simple. */
vg_assert(curr_IP_known);
if (NULL != VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_w_ECU)
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N(
3/*regparms*/,
"VG_(unknown_SP_update_w_ECU)",
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(unknown_SP_update_w_ECU) ),
mkIRExprVec_3( IRExpr_RdTmp(old_SP), st->Ist.Put.data,
mk_ecu_Expr(curr_IP) )
);
else
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N(
2/*regparms*/,
"VG_(unknown_SP_update)",
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(unknown_SP_update) ),
mkIRExprVec_2( IRExpr_RdTmp(old_SP), st->Ist.Put.data )
);
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Dirty(dcall) );
/* don't forget the original assignment */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
} else {
/* We have a partial update to SP. We need to know what
the new SP will be, and hand that to the helper call,
but when the helper call happens, SP must hold the
value it had before the update. Tricky.
Therefore use the following kludge:
1. do the partial SP update (Put)
2. Get the new SP value into a tmp, new_SP
3. Put old_SP
4. Call the helper
5. Put new_SP
*/
IRTemp new_SP;
/* 1 */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
/* 2 */
new_SP = newIRTemp(bb->tyenv, typeof_SP);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_WrTmp( new_SP, IRExpr_Get(offset_SP, typeof_SP) )
);
/* 3 */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put(offset_SP, IRExpr_RdTmp(old_SP) ));
/* 4 */
vg_assert(curr_IP_known);
if (NULL != VG_(tdict).track_new_mem_stack_w_ECU)
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N(
3/*regparms*/,
"VG_(unknown_SP_update_w_ECU)",
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(unknown_SP_update_w_ECU) ),
mkIRExprVec_3( IRExpr_RdTmp(old_SP),
IRExpr_RdTmp(new_SP),
mk_ecu_Expr(curr_IP) )
);
else
dcall = unsafeIRDirty_0_N(
2/*regparms*/,
"VG_(unknown_SP_update)",
VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(unknown_SP_update) ),
mkIRExprVec_2( IRExpr_RdTmp(old_SP),
IRExpr_RdTmp(new_SP) )
);
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Dirty(dcall) );
/* 5 */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put(offset_SP, IRExpr_RdTmp(new_SP) ));
}
/* Forget what we already know. */
clear_SP_aliases();
/* If this is a Put of a tmp that exactly updates SP,
start tracking aliases against this tmp. */
if (first_Put == first_SP && last_Put == last_SP
&& st->Ist.Put.data->tag == Iex_RdTmp) {
vg_assert( typeOfIRTemp(bb->tyenv, st->Ist.Put.data->Iex.RdTmp.tmp)
== typeof_SP );
add_SP_alias(st->Ist.Put.data->Iex.RdTmp.tmp, 0);
}
continue;
}
case5:
/* PutI or Dirty call which overlaps SP: complain. We can't
deal with SP changing in weird ways (well, we can, but not at
this time of night). */
if (st->tag == Ist_PutI) {
descr = st->Ist.PutI.details->descr;
minoff_ST = descr->base;
maxoff_ST = descr->base
+ descr->nElems * sizeofIRType(descr->elemTy) - 1;
if (!(offset_SP > maxoff_ST
|| (offset_SP + sizeof_SP - 1) < minoff_ST))
goto complain;
}
if (st->tag == Ist_Dirty) {
d = st->Ist.Dirty.details;
for (j = 0; j < d->nFxState; j++) {
if (d->fxState[j].fx == Ifx_Read || d->fxState[j].fx == Ifx_None)
continue;
/* Enumerate the described state segments */
for (k = 0; k < 1 + d->fxState[j].nRepeats; k++) {
minoff_ST = d->fxState[j].offset + k * d->fxState[j].repeatLen;
maxoff_ST = minoff_ST + d->fxState[j].size - 1;
if (!(offset_SP > maxoff_ST
|| (offset_SP + sizeof_SP - 1) < minoff_ST))
goto complain;
}
}
}
/* well, not interesting. Just copy and keep going. */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, st );
} /* for (i = 0; i < sb_in->stmts_used; i++) */
return bb;
complain:
VG_(core_panic)("vg_SP_update_pass: PutI or Dirty which overlaps SP");
#undef IS_ADD
#undef IS_SUB
#undef IS_ADD_OR_SUB
#undef GET_CONST
#undef DO_NEW
#undef DO_DIE
}
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Main entry point for the JITter. ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Extra comments re self-checking translations and self-modifying
code. (JRS 14 Oct 05).
There are 3 modes:
(1) no checking: all code assumed to be not self-modifying
(2) partial: known-problematic situations get a self-check
(3) full checking: all translations get a self-check
As currently implemented, the default is (2). (3) is always safe,
but very slow. (1) works mostly, but fails for gcc nested-function
code which uses trampolines on the stack; this situation is
detected and handled by (2).
----------
A more robust and transparent solution, which is not currently
implemented, is a variant of (2): if a translation is made from an
area which aspacem says does not have 'w' permission, then it can
be non-self-checking. Otherwise, it needs a self-check.
This is complicated by Vex's basic-block chasing. If a self-check
is requested, then Vex will not chase over basic block boundaries
(it's too complex). However there is still a problem if it chases
from a non-'w' area into a 'w' area.
I think the right thing to do is:
- if a translation request starts in a 'w' area, ask for a
self-checking translation, and do not allow any chasing (make
chase_into_ok return False). Note that the latter is redundant
in the sense that Vex won't chase anyway in this situation.
- if a translation request starts in a non-'w' area, do not ask for
a self-checking translation. However, do not allow chasing (as
determined by chase_into_ok) to go into a 'w' area.
The result of this is that all code inside 'w' areas is self
checking.
To complete the trick, there is a caveat: we must watch the
client's mprotect calls. If pages are changed from non-'w' to 'w'
then we should throw away all translations which intersect the
affected area, so as to force them to be redone with self-checks.
----------
The above outlines the conditions under which bb chasing is allowed
from a self-modifying-code point of view. There are other
situations pertaining to function redirection in which it is
necessary to disallow chasing, but those fall outside the scope of
this comment.
*/
/* Vex dumps the final code in here. Then we can copy it off
wherever we like. */
/* 60000: should agree with assertion in VG_(add_to_transtab) in
m_transtab.c. */
#define N_TMPBUF 60000
static UChar tmpbuf[N_TMPBUF];
/* Function pointers we must supply to LibVEX in order that it
can bomb out and emit messages under Valgrind's control. */
__attribute__ ((noreturn))
static
void failure_exit ( void )
{
LibVEX_ShowAllocStats();
VG_(core_panic)("LibVEX called failure_exit().");
}
static
void log_bytes ( const HChar* bytes, SizeT nbytes )
{
SizeT i = 0;
if (nbytes >= 4)
for (; i < nbytes-3; i += 4)
VG_(printf)("%c%c%c%c", bytes[i], bytes[i+1], bytes[i+2], bytes[i+3]);
for (; i < nbytes; i++)
VG_(printf)("%c", bytes[i]);
}
/* --------- Various helper functions for translation --------- */
/* Look for reasons to disallow making translations from the given
segment/addr. */
static Bool translations_allowable_from_seg ( NSegment const* seg, Addr addr )
{
# if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_s390x) || defined(VGA_mips32) \
|| defined(VGA_mips64)
Bool allowR = True;
# else
Bool allowR = False;
# endif
return seg != NULL
&& (seg->kind == SkAnonC || seg->kind == SkFileC || seg->kind == SkShmC)
&& (seg->hasX
|| (seg->hasR && (allowR
|| VG_(has_gdbserver_breakpoint) (addr))));
/* If GDB/gdbsrv has inserted a breakpoint at addr, assume this is a valid
location to translate if seg is not executable but is readable.
This is needed for inferior function calls from GDB: GDB inserts a
breakpoint on the stack, and expects to regain control before the
breakpoint instruction at the breakpoint address is really
executed. For this, the breakpoint instruction must be translated
so as to have the call to gdbserver executed. */
}
/* Produce a bitmask stating which of the supplied extents needs a
self-check. See documentation of
VexTranslateArgs::needs_self_check for more details about the
return convention. */
static UInt needs_self_check ( void* closureV,
const VexGuestExtents* vge )
{
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
UInt i, bitset;
vg_assert(vge->n_used >= 1 && vge->n_used <= 3);
bitset = 0;
for (i = 0; i < vge->n_used; i++) {
Bool check = False;
Addr addr = (Addr)vge->base[i];
SizeT len = (SizeT)vge->len[i];
NSegment const* segA = NULL;
# if defined(VGO_darwin)
// GrP fixme hack - dyld i386 IMPORT gets rewritten.
// To really do this correctly, we'd need to flush the
// translation cache whenever a segment became +WX.
segA = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(addr);
if (segA && segA->hasX && segA->hasW)
check = True;
# endif
if (!check) {
switch (VG_(clo_smc_check)) {
case Vg_SmcNone:
/* never check (except as per Darwin hack above) */
break;
case Vg_SmcAll:
/* always check */
check = True;
break;
case Vg_SmcStack: {
/* check if the address is in the same segment as this
thread's stack pointer */
Addr sp = VG_(get_SP)(closure->tid);
if (!segA) {
segA = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(addr);
}
NSegment const* segSP = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(sp);
if (segA && segSP && segA == segSP)
check = True;
break;
}
case Vg_SmcAllNonFile: {
/* check if any part of the extent is not in a
file-mapped segment */
if (!segA) {
segA = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(addr);
}
if (segA && segA->kind == SkFileC && segA->start <= addr
&& (len == 0 || addr + len <= segA->end + 1)) {
/* in a file-mapped segment; skip the check */
} else {
check = True;
}
break;
}
default:
vg_assert(0);
}
}
if (check)
bitset |= (1 << i);
}
return bitset;
}
/* This is a callback passed to LibVEX_Translate. It stops Vex from
chasing into function entry points that we wish to redirect.
Chasing across them obviously defeats the redirect mechanism, with
bad effects for Memcheck, Helgrind, DRD, Massif, and possibly others.
*/
static Bool chase_into_ok ( void* closureV, Addr addr )
{
NSegment const* seg = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(addr);
/* Work through a list of possibilities why we might not want to
allow a chase. */
/* Destination not in a plausible segment? */
if (!translations_allowable_from_seg(seg, addr))
goto dontchase;
/* Destination is redirected? */
if (addr != VG_(redir_do_lookup)(addr, NULL))
goto dontchase;
# if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
/* This needs to be at the start of its own block. Don't chase. */
if (addr == (Addr)&VG_(ppctoc_magic_redirect_return_stub))
goto dontchase;
# endif
/* overly conservative, but .. don't chase into the distinguished
address that m_transtab uses as an empty-slot marker for
VG_(tt_fast). */
if (addr == TRANSTAB_BOGUS_GUEST_ADDR)
goto dontchase;
# if defined(VGA_s390x)
/* Never chase into an EX instruction. Generating IR for EX causes
a round-trip through the scheduler including VG_(discard_translations).
And that's expensive as shown by perf/tinycc.c:
Chasing into EX increases the number of EX translations from 21 to
102666 causing a 7x runtime increase for "none" and a 3.2x runtime
increase for memcheck. */
if (((UChar *)addr)[0] == 0x44 || /* EX */
((UChar *)addr)[0] == 0xC6) /* EXRL */
goto dontchase;
# endif
/* well, ok then. go on and chase. */
return True;
vg_assert(0);
/*NOTREACHED*/
dontchase:
if (0) VG_(printf)("not chasing into 0x%lx\n", addr);
return False;
}
/* --------------- helpers for with-TOC platforms --------------- */
/* NOTE: with-TOC platforms are: ppc64-linux. */
static IRExpr* mkU64 ( ULong n ) {
return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U64(n));
}
static IRExpr* mkU32 ( UInt n ) {
return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U32(n));
}
#if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
static IRExpr* mkU8 ( UChar n ) {
return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U8(n));
}
static IRExpr* narrowTo32 ( IRTypeEnv* tyenv, IRExpr* e ) {
if (typeOfIRExpr(tyenv, e) == Ity_I32) {
return e;
} else {
vg_assert(typeOfIRExpr(tyenv, e) == Ity_I64);
return IRExpr_Unop(Iop_64to32, e);
}
}
/* Generate code to push word-typed expression 'e' onto this thread's
redir stack, checking for stack overflow and generating code to
bomb out if so. */
static void gen_PUSH ( IRSB* bb, IRExpr* e )
{
IRRegArray* descr;
IRTemp t1;
IRExpr* one;
# if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
Int stack_size = VEX_GUEST_PPC64_REDIR_STACK_SIZE;
Int offB_REDIR_SP = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_REDIR_SP);
Int offB_REDIR_STACK = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_REDIR_STACK);
Int offB_EMNOTE = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_EMNOTE);
Int offB_CIA = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_CIA);
Bool is64 = True;
IRType ty_Word = Ity_I64;
IROp op_CmpNE = Iop_CmpNE64;
IROp op_Sar = Iop_Sar64;
IROp op_Sub = Iop_Sub64;
IROp op_Add = Iop_Add64;
IRExpr*(*mkU)(ULong) = mkU64;
vg_assert(VG_WORDSIZE == 8);
# else
Int stack_size = VEX_GUEST_PPC32_REDIR_STACK_SIZE;
Int offB_REDIR_SP = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_REDIR_SP);
Int offB_REDIR_STACK = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_REDIR_STACK);
Int offB_EMNOTE = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_EMNOTE);
Int offB_CIA = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_CIA);
Bool is64 = False;
IRType ty_Word = Ity_I32;
IROp op_CmpNE = Iop_CmpNE32;
IROp op_Sar = Iop_Sar32;
IROp op_Sub = Iop_Sub32;
IROp op_Add = Iop_Add32;
IRExpr*(*mkU)(UInt) = mkU32;
vg_assert(VG_WORDSIZE == 4);
# endif
vg_assert(sizeof(void*) == VG_WORDSIZE);
vg_assert(sizeof(Word) == VG_WORDSIZE);
vg_assert(sizeof(Addr) == VG_WORDSIZE);
descr = mkIRRegArray( offB_REDIR_STACK, ty_Word, stack_size );
t1 = newIRTemp( bb->tyenv, ty_Word );
one = mkU(1);
vg_assert(typeOfIRExpr(bb->tyenv, e) == ty_Word);
/* t1 = guest_REDIR_SP + 1 */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_WrTmp(
t1,
IRExpr_Binop(op_Add, IRExpr_Get( offB_REDIR_SP, ty_Word ), one)
)
);
/* Bomb out if t1 >=s stack_size, that is, (stack_size-1)-t1 <s 0.
The destination (0) is a bit bogus but it doesn't matter since
this is an unrecoverable error and will lead to Valgrind
shutting down. _EMNOTE is set regardless - that's harmless
since is only has a meaning if the exit is taken. */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(offB_EMNOTE, mkU32(EmWarn_PPC64_redir_overflow))
);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Exit(
IRExpr_Binop(
op_CmpNE,
IRExpr_Binop(
op_Sar,
IRExpr_Binop(op_Sub,mkU(stack_size-1),IRExpr_RdTmp(t1)),
mkU8(8 * VG_WORDSIZE - 1)
),
mkU(0)
),
Ijk_EmFail,
is64 ? IRConst_U64(0) : IRConst_U32(0),
offB_CIA
)
);
/* guest_REDIR_SP = t1 */
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_REDIR_SP, IRExpr_RdTmp(t1)));
/* guest_REDIR_STACK[t1+0] = e */
/* PutI/GetI have I32-typed indexes regardless of guest word size */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_PutI(mkIRPutI(descr,
narrowTo32(bb->tyenv,IRExpr_RdTmp(t1)), 0, e)));
}
/* Generate code to pop a word-sized value from this thread's redir
stack, binding it to a new temporary, which is returned. As with
gen_PUSH, an overflow check is also performed. */
static IRTemp gen_POP ( IRSB* bb )
{
# if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
Int stack_size = VEX_GUEST_PPC64_REDIR_STACK_SIZE;
Int offB_REDIR_SP = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_REDIR_SP);
Int offB_REDIR_STACK = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_REDIR_STACK);
Int offB_EMNOTE = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_EMNOTE);
Int offB_CIA = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_CIA);
Bool is64 = True;
IRType ty_Word = Ity_I64;
IROp op_CmpNE = Iop_CmpNE64;
IROp op_Sar = Iop_Sar64;
IROp op_Sub = Iop_Sub64;
IRExpr*(*mkU)(ULong) = mkU64;
# else
Int stack_size = VEX_GUEST_PPC32_REDIR_STACK_SIZE;
Int offB_REDIR_SP = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_REDIR_SP);
Int offB_REDIR_STACK = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_REDIR_STACK);
Int offB_EMNOTE = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_EMNOTE);
Int offB_CIA = offsetof(VexGuestPPC32State,guest_CIA);
Bool is64 = False;
IRType ty_Word = Ity_I32;
IROp op_CmpNE = Iop_CmpNE32;
IROp op_Sar = Iop_Sar32;
IROp op_Sub = Iop_Sub32;
IRExpr*(*mkU)(UInt) = mkU32;
# endif
IRRegArray* descr = mkIRRegArray( offB_REDIR_STACK, ty_Word, stack_size );
IRTemp t1 = newIRTemp( bb->tyenv, ty_Word );
IRTemp res = newIRTemp( bb->tyenv, ty_Word );
IRExpr* one = mkU(1);
vg_assert(sizeof(void*) == VG_WORDSIZE);
vg_assert(sizeof(Word) == VG_WORDSIZE);
vg_assert(sizeof(Addr) == VG_WORDSIZE);
/* t1 = guest_REDIR_SP */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_WrTmp( t1, IRExpr_Get( offB_REDIR_SP, ty_Word ) )
);
/* Bomb out if t1 < 0. Same comments as gen_PUSH apply. */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(offB_EMNOTE, mkU32(EmWarn_PPC64_redir_underflow))
);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Exit(
IRExpr_Binop(
op_CmpNE,
IRExpr_Binop(
op_Sar,
IRExpr_RdTmp(t1),
mkU8(8 * VG_WORDSIZE - 1)
),
mkU(0)
),
Ijk_EmFail,
is64 ? IRConst_U64(0) : IRConst_U32(0),
offB_CIA
)
);
/* res = guest_REDIR_STACK[t1+0] */
/* PutI/GetI have I32-typed indexes regardless of guest word size */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_WrTmp(
res,
IRExpr_GetI(descr, narrowTo32(bb->tyenv,IRExpr_RdTmp(t1)), 0)
)
);
/* guest_REDIR_SP = t1-1 */
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(offB_REDIR_SP, IRExpr_Binop(op_Sub, IRExpr_RdTmp(t1), one))
);
return res;
}
#endif
#if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC)
/* Generate code to push LR and R2 onto this thread's redir stack,
then set R2 to the new value (which is the TOC pointer to be used
for the duration of the replacement function, as determined by
m_debuginfo), and set LR to the magic return stub, so we get to
intercept the return and restore R2 and L2 to the values saved
here. */
static void gen_push_and_set_LR_R2 ( IRSB* bb, Addr64 new_R2_value )
{
# if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux)
Addr64 bogus_RA = (Addr64)&VG_(ppctoc_magic_redirect_return_stub);
Int offB_GPR2 = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_GPR2);
Int offB_LR = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_LR);
gen_PUSH( bb, IRExpr_Get(offB_LR, Ity_I64) );
gen_PUSH( bb, IRExpr_Get(offB_GPR2, Ity_I64) );
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put( offB_LR, mkU64( bogus_RA )) );
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put( offB_GPR2, mkU64( new_R2_value )) );
# else
# error Platform is not TOC-afflicted, fortunately
# endif
}
#endif
#if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
static void gen_pop_R2_LR_then_bLR ( IRSB* bb )
{
# if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
Int offB_GPR2 = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_GPR2);
Int offB_LR = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_LR);
Int offB_CIA = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_CIA);
IRTemp old_R2 = newIRTemp( bb->tyenv, Ity_I64 );
IRTemp old_LR = newIRTemp( bb->tyenv, Ity_I64 );
/* Restore R2 */
old_R2 = gen_POP( bb );
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put( offB_GPR2, IRExpr_RdTmp(old_R2)) );
/* Restore LR */
old_LR = gen_POP( bb );
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put( offB_LR, IRExpr_RdTmp(old_LR)) );
/* Branch to LR */
/* re boring, we arrived here precisely because a wrapped fn did a
blr (hence Ijk_Ret); so we should just mark this jump as Boring,
else one _Call will have resulted in two _Rets. */
bb->jumpkind = Ijk_Boring;
bb->next = IRExpr_Binop(Iop_And64, IRExpr_RdTmp(old_LR), mkU64(~(3ULL)));
bb->offsIP = offB_CIA;
# else
# error Platform is not TOC-afflicted, fortunately
# endif
}
#endif
#if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
static
Bool mk_preamble__ppctoc_magic_return_stub ( void* closureV, IRSB* bb )
{
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
/* Since we're creating the entire IRSB right here, give it a
proper IMark, as it won't get one any other way, and cachegrind
will barf if it doesn't have one (fair enough really). */
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_IMark( closure->readdr, 4, 0 ) );
/* Generate the magic sequence:
pop R2 from hidden stack
pop LR from hidden stack
goto LR
*/
gen_pop_R2_LR_then_bLR(bb);
return True; /* True == this is the entire BB; don't disassemble any
real insns into it - just hand it directly to
optimiser/instrumenter/backend. */
}
#endif
#if defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
/* Generate code to push LR and R2 onto this thread's redir stack.
Need to save R2 in case we redirect to a global entry point. The
value of R2 is not preserved when entering the global entry point.
Need to make sure R2 gets restored on return. Set LR to the magic
return stub, so we get to intercept the return and restore R2 and
L2 to the values saved here.
The existing infrastruture for the TOC enabled architectures is
being exploited here. So, we need to enable a number of the
code sections used by VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC.
*/
static void gen_push_R2_and_set_LR ( IRSB* bb )
{
Addr64 bogus_RA = (Addr64)&VG_(ppctoc_magic_redirect_return_stub);
Int offB_GPR2 = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_GPR2);
Int offB_LR = offsetof(VexGuestPPC64State,guest_LR);
gen_PUSH( bb, IRExpr_Get(offB_LR, Ity_I64) );
gen_PUSH( bb, IRExpr_Get(offB_GPR2, Ity_I64) );
addStmtToIRSB( bb, IRStmt_Put( offB_LR, mkU64( bogus_RA )) );
}
# endif
/* --------------- END helpers for with-TOC platforms --------------- */
/* This is the IR preamble generator used for replacement
functions. It adds code to set the guest_NRADDR{_GPR2} to zero
(technically not necessary, but facilitates detecting mixups in
which a replacement function has been erroneously declared using
VG_REPLACE_FUNCTION_Z{U,Z} when instead it should have been written
using VG_WRAP_FUNCTION_Z{U,Z}).
On with-TOC platforms the follow hacks are also done: LR and R2 are
pushed onto a hidden stack, R2 is set to the correct value for the
replacement function, and LR is set to point at the magic
return-stub address. Setting LR causes the return of the
wrapped/redirected function to lead to our magic return stub, which
restores LR and R2 from said stack and returns for real.
VG_(get_StackTrace_wrk) understands that the LR value may point to
the return stub address, and that in that case it can get the real
LR value from the hidden stack instead. */
static
Bool mk_preamble__set_NRADDR_to_zero ( void* closureV, IRSB* bb )
{
Int nraddr_szB
= sizeof(((VexGuestArchState*)0)->guest_NRADDR);
vg_assert(nraddr_szB == 4 || nraddr_szB == 8);
vg_assert(nraddr_szB == VG_WORDSIZE);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR),
nraddr_szB == 8 ? mkU64(0) : mkU32(0)
)
);
// t9 needs to be set to point to the start of the redirected function.
# if defined(VGP_mips32_linux)
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
Int offB_GPR25 = offsetof(VexGuestMIPS32State, guest_r25);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR25, mkU32(closure->readdr)));
# endif
# if defined(VGP_mips64_linux)
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
Int offB_GPR25 = offsetof(VexGuestMIPS64State, guest_r25);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR25, mkU64(closure->readdr)));
# endif
# if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC)
{ VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR_GPR2),
VG_WORDSIZE==8 ? mkU64(0) : mkU32(0)
)
);
gen_push_and_set_LR_R2 ( bb, VG_(get_tocptr)( closure->readdr ) );
}
# endif
#if defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
Int offB_GPR12 = offsetof(VexGuestArchState, guest_GPR12);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR12, mkU64(closure->readdr)));
addStmtToIRSB(bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR_GPR2),
VG_WORDSIZE==8 ? mkU64(0) : mkU32(0)
)
);
gen_push_R2_and_set_LR ( bb );
#endif
return False;
}
/* Ditto, except set guest_NRADDR to nraddr (the un-redirected guest
address). This is needed for function wrapping - so the wrapper
can read _NRADDR and find the address of the function being
wrapped. On toc-afflicted platforms we must also snarf r2. */
static
Bool mk_preamble__set_NRADDR_to_nraddr ( void* closureV, IRSB* bb )
{
VgCallbackClosure* closure = (VgCallbackClosure*)closureV;
Int nraddr_szB
= sizeof(((VexGuestArchState*)0)->guest_NRADDR);
vg_assert(nraddr_szB == 4 || nraddr_szB == 8);
vg_assert(nraddr_szB == VG_WORDSIZE);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR),
nraddr_szB == 8
? IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U64( closure->nraddr ))
: IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U32( (UInt)closure->nraddr ))
)
);
// t9 needs to be set to point to the start of the redirected function.
# if defined(VGP_mips32_linux)
Int offB_GPR25 = offsetof(VexGuestMIPS32State, guest_r25);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR25, mkU32(closure->readdr)));
# endif
# if defined(VGP_mips64_linux)
Int offB_GPR25 = offsetof(VexGuestMIPS64State, guest_r25);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR25, mkU64(closure->readdr)));
# endif
# if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC)
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR_GPR2),
IRExpr_Get(offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_GPR2),
VG_WORDSIZE==8 ? Ity_I64 : Ity_I32)
)
);
gen_push_and_set_LR_R2 ( bb, VG_(get_tocptr)( closure->readdr ) );
# endif
#if defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
/* This saves the r2 before leaving the function. We need to move
* guest_NRADDR_GPR2 back to R2 on return.
*/
Int offB_GPR12 = offsetof(VexGuestArchState, guest_GPR12);
addStmtToIRSB(
bb,
IRStmt_Put(
offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_NRADDR_GPR2),
IRExpr_Get(offsetof(VexGuestArchState,guest_GPR2),
VG_WORDSIZE==8 ? Ity_I64 : Ity_I32)
)
);
addStmtToIRSB(bb, IRStmt_Put(offB_GPR12, mkU64(closure->readdr)));
gen_push_R2_and_set_LR ( bb );
#endif
return False;
}
/* --- Helpers to do with PPC related stack redzones. --- */
__attribute__((unused))
static Bool const_True ( Addr64 guest_addr )
{
return True;
}
/* --------------- main translation function --------------- */
/* Note: see comments at top of m_redir.c for the Big Picture on how
redirections are managed. */
typedef
enum {
/* normal translation, redir neither requested nor inhibited */
T_Normal,
/* redir translation, function-wrap (set _NRADDR) style */
T_Redir_Wrap,
/* redir translation, replacement (don't set _NRADDR) style */
T_Redir_Replace,
/* a translation in which redir is specifically disallowed */
T_NoRedir
}
T_Kind;
/* Translate the basic block beginning at NRADDR, and add it to the
translation cache & translation table. Unless
DEBUGGING_TRANSLATION is true, in which case the call is being done
for debugging purposes, so (a) throw away the translation once it
is made, and (b) produce a load of debugging output. If
ALLOW_REDIRECTION is False, do not attempt redirection of NRADDR,
and also, put the resulting translation into the no-redirect tt/tc
instead of the normal one.
TID is the identity of the thread requesting this translation.
*/
Bool VG_(translate) ( ThreadId tid,
Addr64 nraddr,
Bool debugging_translation,
Int debugging_verbosity,
ULong bbs_done,
Bool allow_redirection )
{
Addr64 addr;
T_Kind kind;
Int tmpbuf_used, verbosity, i;
Bool (*preamble_fn)(void*,IRSB*);
VexArch vex_arch;
VexArchInfo vex_archinfo;
VexAbiInfo vex_abiinfo;
VexGuestExtents vge;
VexTranslateArgs vta;
VexTranslateResult tres;
VgCallbackClosure closure;
/* Make sure Vex is initialised right. */
static Bool vex_init_done = False;
if (!vex_init_done) {
LibVEX_Init ( &failure_exit, &log_bytes,
1, /* debug_paranoia */
&VG_(clo_vex_control) );
vex_init_done = True;
}
/* Establish the translation kind and actual guest address to
start from. Sets (addr,kind). */
if (allow_redirection) {
Bool isWrap;
Addr64 tmp = VG_(redir_do_lookup)( nraddr, &isWrap );
if (tmp == nraddr) {
/* no redirection found */
addr = nraddr;
kind = T_Normal;
} else {
/* found a redirect */
addr = tmp;
kind = isWrap ? T_Redir_Wrap : T_Redir_Replace;
}
} else {
addr = nraddr;
kind = T_NoRedir;
}
/* Established: (nraddr, addr, kind) */
/* Printing redirection info. */
if ((kind == T_Redir_Wrap || kind == T_Redir_Replace)
&& (VG_(clo_verbosity) >= 2 || VG_(clo_trace_redir))) {
Bool ok;
const HChar *buf;
const HChar *name2;
/* Try also to get the soname (not the filename) of the "from"
object. This makes it much easier to debug redirection
problems. */
const HChar* nraddr_soname = "???";
DebugInfo* nraddr_di = VG_(find_DebugInfo)(nraddr);
if (nraddr_di) {
const HChar* t = VG_(DebugInfo_get_soname)(nraddr_di);
if (t)
nraddr_soname = t;
}
ok = VG_(get_fnname_w_offset)(nraddr, &buf);
if (!ok) buf = "???";
// Stash away name1
HChar name1[VG_(strlen)(buf) + 1];
VG_(strcpy)(name1, buf);
ok = VG_(get_fnname_w_offset)(addr, &name2);
if (!ok) name2 = "???";
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg,
"REDIR: 0x%llx (%s:%s) redirected to 0x%llx (%s)\n",
nraddr, nraddr_soname, name1,
addr, name2 );
}
if (!debugging_translation)
VG_TRACK( pre_mem_read, Vg_CoreTranslate,
tid, "(translator)", addr, 1 );
/* If doing any code printing, print a basic block start marker */
if (VG_(clo_trace_flags) || debugging_translation) {
const HChar* objname = "UNKNOWN_OBJECT";
OffT objoff = 0;
DebugInfo* di = VG_(find_DebugInfo)( addr );
if (di) {
objname = VG_(DebugInfo_get_filename)(di);
objoff = addr - VG_(DebugInfo_get_text_bias)(di);
}
vg_assert(objname);
const HChar *fnname;
Bool ok = VG_(get_fnname_w_offset)(addr, &fnname);
if (!ok) fnname = "UNKNOWN_FUNCTION";
VG_(printf)(
"==== SB %d (evchecks %lld) [tid %d] 0x%llx %s %s+0x%llx\n",
VG_(get_bbs_translated)(), bbs_done, (Int)tid, addr,
fnname, objname, (ULong)objoff
);
}
/* Are we allowed to translate here? */
{ /* BEGIN new scope specially for 'seg' */
NSegment const* seg = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(addr);
if ( (!translations_allowable_from_seg(seg, addr))
|| addr == TRANSTAB_BOGUS_GUEST_ADDR ) {
if (VG_(clo_trace_signals))
VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg, "translations not allowed here (0x%llx)"
" - throwing SEGV\n", addr);
/* U R busted, sonny. Place your hands on your head and step
away from the orig_addr. */
/* Code address is bad - deliver a signal instead */
if (seg != NULL) {
/* There's some kind of segment at the requested place, but we
aren't allowed to execute code here. */
if (debugging_translation)
VG_(printf)("translations not allowed here (segment not executable)"
"(0x%llx)\n", addr);
else
VG_(synth_fault_perms)(tid, addr);
} else {
/* There is no segment at all; we are attempting to execute in
the middle of nowhere. */
if (debugging_translation)
VG_(printf)("translations not allowed here (no segment)"
"(0x%llx)\n", addr);
else
VG_(synth_fault_mapping)(tid, addr);
}
return False;
}
/* True if a debug trans., or if bit N set in VG_(clo_trace_codegen). */
verbosity = 0;
if (debugging_translation) {
verbosity = debugging_verbosity;
}
else
if ( (VG_(clo_trace_flags) > 0
&& VG_(get_bbs_translated)() <= VG_(clo_trace_notabove)
&& VG_(get_bbs_translated)() >= VG_(clo_trace_notbelow) )) {
verbosity = VG_(clo_trace_flags);
}
/* Figure out which preamble-mangling callback to send. */
preamble_fn = NULL;
if (kind == T_Redir_Replace)
preamble_fn = mk_preamble__set_NRADDR_to_zero;
else
if (kind == T_Redir_Wrap)
preamble_fn = mk_preamble__set_NRADDR_to_nraddr;
/* LE we setup the LR */
# if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC) || defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
if (ULong_to_Ptr(nraddr)
== (void*)&VG_(ppctoc_magic_redirect_return_stub)) {
/* If entering the special return stub, this means a wrapped or
redirected function is returning. Make this translation one
which restores R2 and LR from the thread's hidden redir
stack, and branch to the (restored) link register, thereby
really causing the function to return. */
vg_assert(kind == T_Normal);
vg_assert(nraddr == addr);
preamble_fn = mk_preamble__ppctoc_magic_return_stub;
}
# endif
/* ------ Actually do the translation. ------ */
vg_assert2(VG_(tdict).tool_instrument,
"you forgot to set VgToolInterface function 'tool_instrument'");
/* Get the CPU info established at startup. */
VG_(machine_get_VexArchInfo)( &vex_arch, &vex_archinfo );
/* Set up 'abiinfo' structure with stuff Vex needs to know about
the guest and host ABIs. */
LibVEX_default_VexAbiInfo( &vex_abiinfo );
vex_abiinfo.guest_stack_redzone_size = VG_STACK_REDZONE_SZB;
# if defined(VGP_amd64_linux)
vex_abiinfo.guest_amd64_assume_fs_is_const = True;
vex_abiinfo.guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_const = True;
# endif
# if defined(VGP_amd64_darwin)
vex_abiinfo.guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_const = True;
# endif
# if defined(VGP_ppc32_linux)
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_blr = False;
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_bl = NULL;
# endif
# if defined(VGP_ppc64be_linux)
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_blr = True;
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_bl = const_True;
vex_abiinfo.host_ppc_calls_use_fndescrs = True;
# endif
# if defined(VGP_ppc64le_linux)
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_blr = True;
vex_abiinfo.guest_ppc_zap_RZ_at_bl = const_True;
vex_abiinfo.host_ppc_calls_use_fndescrs = False;
# endif
/* Set up closure args. */
closure.tid = tid;
closure.nraddr = nraddr;
closure.readdr = addr;
/* Set up args for LibVEX_Translate. */
vta.arch_guest = vex_arch;
vta.archinfo_guest = vex_archinfo;
vta.arch_host = vex_arch;
vta.archinfo_host = vex_archinfo;
vta.abiinfo_both = vex_abiinfo;
vta.callback_opaque = (void*)&closure;
vta.guest_bytes = (UChar*)ULong_to_Ptr(addr);
vta.guest_bytes_addr = addr;
vta.chase_into_ok = chase_into_ok;
vta.guest_extents = &vge;
vta.host_bytes = tmpbuf;
vta.host_bytes_size = N_TMPBUF;
vta.host_bytes_used = &tmpbuf_used;
{ /* At this point we have to reconcile Vex's view of the
instrumentation callback - which takes a void* first argument
- with Valgrind's view, in which the first arg is a
VgCallbackClosure*. Hence the following longwinded casts.
They are entirely legal but longwinded so as to maximise the
chance of the C typechecker picking up any type snafus. */
IRSB*(*f)(VgCallbackClosure*,
IRSB*,const VexGuestLayout*,const VexGuestExtents*,
const VexArchInfo*,IRType,IRType)
= VG_(clo_vgdb) != Vg_VgdbNo
? tool_instrument_then_gdbserver_if_needed
: VG_(tdict).tool_instrument;
IRSB*(*g)(void*,
IRSB*,const VexGuestLayout*,const VexGuestExtents*,
const VexArchInfo*,IRType,IRType) = (__typeof__(g)) f;
vta.instrument1 = g;
}
/* No need for type kludgery here. */
vta.instrument2 = need_to_handle_SP_assignment()
? vg_SP_update_pass
: NULL;
vta.finaltidy = VG_(needs).final_IR_tidy_pass
? VG_(tdict).tool_final_IR_tidy_pass
: NULL;
vta.needs_self_check = needs_self_check;
vta.preamble_function = preamble_fn;
vta.traceflags = verbosity;
vta.sigill_diag = VG_(clo_sigill_diag);
vta.addProfInc = VG_(clo_profyle_sbs) && kind != T_NoRedir;
/* Set up the dispatch continuation-point info. If this is a
no-redir translation then it cannot be chained, and the chain-me
points are set to NULL to indicate that. The indir point must
also be NULL, since we can't allow this translation to do an
indir transfer -- that would take it back into the main
translation cache too.
All this is because no-redir translations live outside the main
translation cache (in a secondary one) and chaining them would
involve more adminstrative complexity that isn't worth the
hassle, because we don't expect them to get used often. So
don't bother. */
if (allow_redirection) {
vta.disp_cp_chain_me_to_slowEP
= VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(disp_cp_chain_me_to_slowEP) );
vta.disp_cp_chain_me_to_fastEP
= VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(disp_cp_chain_me_to_fastEP) );
vta.disp_cp_xindir
= VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(disp_cp_xindir) );
} else {
vta.disp_cp_chain_me_to_slowEP = NULL;
vta.disp_cp_chain_me_to_fastEP = NULL;
vta.disp_cp_xindir = NULL;
}
/* This doesn't involve chaining and so is always allowable. */
vta.disp_cp_xassisted
= VG_(fnptr_to_fnentry)( &VG_(disp_cp_xassisted) );
/* Sheesh. Finally, actually _do_ the translation! */
tres = LibVEX_Translate ( &vta );
vg_assert(tres.status == VexTransOK);
vg_assert(tres.n_sc_extents >= 0 && tres.n_sc_extents <= 3);
vg_assert(tmpbuf_used <= N_TMPBUF);
vg_assert(tmpbuf_used > 0);
/* Tell aspacem of all segments that have had translations taken
from them. Optimisation: don't re-look up vge.base[0] since seg
should already point to it. */
vg_assert( vge.base[0] == (Addr64)addr );
/* set 'translations taken from this segment' flag */
VG_(am_set_segment_hasT_if_SkFileC_or_SkAnonC)( seg );
} /* END new scope specially for 'seg' */
for (i = 1; i < vge.n_used; i++) {
NSegment const* seg
= VG_(am_find_nsegment)( vge.base[i] );
/* set 'translations taken from this segment' flag */
VG_(am_set_segment_hasT_if_SkFileC_or_SkAnonC)( seg );
}
/* Copy data at trans_addr into the translation cache. */
vg_assert(tmpbuf_used > 0 && tmpbuf_used < 65536);
// If debugging, don't do anything with the translated block; we
// only did this for the debugging output produced along the way.
if (!debugging_translation) {
if (kind != T_NoRedir) {
// Put it into the normal TT/TC structures. This is the
// normal case.
// Note that we use nraddr (the non-redirected address), not
// addr, which might have been changed by the redirection
VG_(add_to_transtab)( &vge,
nraddr,
(Addr)(&tmpbuf[0]),
tmpbuf_used,
tres.n_sc_extents > 0,
tres.offs_profInc,
tres.n_guest_instrs );
} else {
vg_assert(tres.offs_profInc == -1); /* -1 == unset */
VG_(add_to_unredir_transtab)( &vge,
nraddr,
(Addr)(&tmpbuf[0]),
tmpbuf_used );
}
}
return True;
}
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/