blob: e00278c5ac5465e090d8880bd55571dd25348aae [file] [log] [blame]
/* lib.c - various reusable stuff.
*
* Copyright 2006 Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
*/
#define SYSLOG_NAMES
#include "toys.h"
void verror_msg(char *msg, int err, va_list va)
{
char *s = ": %s";
fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", toys.which->name);
if (msg) vfprintf(stderr, msg, va);
else s+=2;
if (err>0) fprintf(stderr, s, strerror(err));
if (err<0 && CFG_TOYBOX_HELP)
fprintf(stderr, " (see \"%s --help\")", toys.which->name);
if (msg || err) putc('\n', stderr);
if (!toys.exitval) toys.exitval++;
}
// These functions don't collapse together because of the va_stuff.
void error_msg(char *msg, ...)
{
va_list va;
va_start(va, msg);
verror_msg(msg, 0, va);
va_end(va);
}
void perror_msg(char *msg, ...)
{
va_list va;
va_start(va, msg);
verror_msg(msg, errno, va);
va_end(va);
}
// Die with an error message.
void error_exit(char *msg, ...)
{
va_list va;
va_start(va, msg);
verror_msg(msg, 0, va);
va_end(va);
xexit();
}
// Die with an error message and strerror(errno)
void perror_exit(char *msg, ...)
{
// Die silently if our pipeline exited.
if (errno != EPIPE) {
va_list va;
va_start(va, msg);
verror_msg(msg, errno, va);
va_end(va);
}
xexit();
}
// Exit with an error message after showing help text.
void help_exit(char *msg, ...)
{
va_list va;
if (!msg) show_help(stdout);
else {
va_start(va, msg);
verror_msg(msg, -1, va);
va_end(va);
}
xexit();
}
// If you want to explicitly disable the printf() behavior (because you're
// printing user-supplied data, or because android's static checker produces
// false positives for 'char *s = x ? "blah1" : "blah2"; printf(s);' and it's
// -Werror there for policy reasons).
void error_msg_raw(char *msg)
{
error_msg("%s", msg);
}
void perror_msg_raw(char *msg)
{
perror_msg("%s", msg);
}
void error_exit_raw(char *msg)
{
error_exit("%s", msg);
}
void perror_exit_raw(char *msg)
{
perror_exit("%s", msg);
}
// Keep reading until full or EOF
ssize_t readall(int fd, void *buf, size_t len)
{
size_t count = 0;
while (count<len) {
int i = read(fd, (char *)buf+count, len-count);
if (!i) break;
if (i<0) return i;
count += i;
}
return count;
}
// Keep writing until done or EOF
ssize_t writeall(int fd, void *buf, size_t len)
{
size_t count = 0;
while (count<len) {
int i = write(fd, count+(char *)buf, len-count);
if (i<1) return i;
count += i;
}
return count;
}
// skip this many bytes of input. Return 0 for success, >0 means this much
// left after input skipped.
off_t lskip(int fd, off_t offset)
{
off_t cur = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
if (cur != -1) {
off_t end = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END) - cur;
if (end > 0 && end < offset) return offset - end;
end = offset+cur;
if (end == lseek(fd, end, SEEK_SET)) return 0;
perror_exit("lseek");
}
while (offset>0) {
int try = offset>sizeof(libbuf) ? sizeof(libbuf) : offset, or;
or = readall(fd, libbuf, try);
if (or < 0) perror_exit("lskip to %lld", (long long)offset);
else offset -= or;
if (or < try) break;
}
return offset;
}
// flags: 1=make last dir (with mode lastmode, otherwise skips last component)
// 2=make path (already exists is ok)
// 4=verbose
// returns 0 = path ok, 1 = error
int mkpathat(int atfd, char *dir, mode_t lastmode, int flags)
{
struct stat buf;
char *s;
// mkdir -p one/two/three is not an error if the path already exists,
// but is if "three" is a file. The others we dereference and catch
// not-a-directory along the way, but the last one we must explicitly
// test for. Might as well do it up front.
if (!fstatat(atfd, dir, &buf, 0) && !S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode)) {
errno = EEXIST;
return 1;
}
for (s = dir; ;s++) {
char save = 0;
mode_t mode = (0777&~toys.old_umask)|0300;
// find next '/', but don't try to mkdir "" at start of absolute path
if (*s == '/' && (flags&2) && s != dir) {
save = *s;
*s = 0;
} else if (*s) continue;
// Use the mode from the -m option only for the last directory.
if (!save) {
if (flags&1) mode = lastmode;
else break;
}
if (mkdirat(atfd, dir, mode)) {
if (!(flags&2) || errno != EEXIST) return 1;
} else if (flags&4)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: created directory '%s'\n", toys.which->name, dir);
if (!(*s = save)) break;
}
return 0;
}
// The common case
int mkpath(char *dir)
{
return mkpathat(AT_FDCWD, dir, 0, MKPATHAT_MAKE);
}
// Split a path into linked list of components, tracking head and tail of list.
// Filters out // entries with no contents.
struct string_list **splitpath(char *path, struct string_list **list)
{
char *new = path;
*list = 0;
do {
int len;
if (*path && *path != '/') continue;
len = path-new;
if (len > 0) {
*list = xmalloc(sizeof(struct string_list) + len + 1);
(*list)->next = 0;
memcpy((*list)->str, new, len);
(*list)->str[len] = 0;
list = &(*list)->next;
}
new = path+1;
} while (*path++);
return list;
}
// Find all file in a colon-separated path with access type "type" (generally
// X_OK or R_OK). Returns a list of absolute paths to each file found, in
// order.
struct string_list *find_in_path(char *path, char *filename)
{
struct string_list *rlist = NULL, **prlist=&rlist;
char *cwd;
if (!path) return 0;
cwd = xgetcwd();
for (;;) {
char *res, *next = strchr(path, ':');
int len = next ? next-path : strlen(path);
struct string_list *rnext;
struct stat st;
rnext = xmalloc(sizeof(void *) + strlen(filename)
+ (len ? len : strlen(cwd)) + 2);
if (!len) sprintf(rnext->str, "%s/%s", cwd, filename);
else {
memcpy(res = rnext->str, path, len);
res += len;
*(res++) = '/';
strcpy(res, filename);
}
// Confirm it's not a directory.
if (!stat(rnext->str, &st) && S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
*prlist = rnext;
rnext->next = NULL;
prlist = &(rnext->next);
} else free(rnext);
if (!next) break;
path += len;
path++;
}
free(cwd);
return rlist;
}
long long estrtol(char *str, char **end, int base)
{
errno = 0;
return strtoll(str, end, base);
}
long long xstrtol(char *str, char **end, int base)
{
long long l = estrtol(str, end, base);
if (errno) perror_exit_raw(str);
return l;
}
// atol() with the kilo/mega/giga/tera/peta/exa extensions, plus word and block.
// (zetta and yotta don't fit in 64 bits.)
long long atolx(char *numstr)
{
char *c = numstr, *suffixes="cwbkmgtpe", *end;
long long val;
val = xstrtol(numstr, &c, 0);
if (c != numstr && *c && (end = strchr(suffixes, tolower(*c)))) {
int shift = end-suffixes-2;
++c;
if (shift==-1) val *= 2;
else if (!shift) val *= 512;
else if (shift>0) {
if (*c && tolower(*c++)=='d') while (shift--) val *= 1000;
else val *= 1LL<<(shift*10);
}
}
while (isspace(*c)) c++;
if (c==numstr || *c) error_exit("not integer: %s", numstr);
return val;
}
long long atolx_range(char *numstr, long long low, long long high)
{
long long val = atolx(numstr);
if (val < low) error_exit("%lld < %lld", val, low);
if (val > high) error_exit("%lld > %lld", val, high);
return val;
}
int stridx(char *haystack, char needle)
{
char *off;
if (!needle) return -1;
off = strchr(haystack, needle);
if (!off) return -1;
return off-haystack;
}
// Convert utf8 sequence to a unicode wide character
int utf8towc(wchar_t *wc, char *str, unsigned len)
{
unsigned result, mask, first;
char *s, c;
// fast path ASCII
if (len && *str<128) return !!(*wc = *str);
result = first = *(s = str++);
if (result<0xc2 || result>0xf4) return -1;
for (mask = 6; (first&0xc0)==0xc0; mask += 5, first <<= 1) {
if (!--len) return -2;
if (((c = *(str++))&0xc0) != 0x80) return -1;
result = (result<<6)|(c&0x3f);
}
result &= (1<<mask)-1;
c = str-s;
// Avoid overlong encodings
if (result<(unsigned []){0x80,0x800,0x10000}[c-2]) return -1;
// Limit unicode so it can't encode anything UTF-16 can't.
if (result>0x10ffff || (result>=0xd800 && result<=0xdfff)) return -1;
*wc = result;
return str-s;
}
char *strlower(char *s)
{
char *try, *new;
if (!CFG_TOYBOX_I18N) {
try = new = xstrdup(s);
for (; *s; s++) *(new++) = tolower(*s);
} else {
// I can't guarantee the string _won't_ expand during reencoding, so...?
try = new = xmalloc(strlen(s)*2+1);
while (*s) {
wchar_t c;
int len = utf8towc(&c, s, MB_CUR_MAX);
if (len < 1) *(new++) = *(s++);
else {
s += len;
// squash title case too
c = towlower(c);
// if we had a valid utf8 sequence, convert it to lower case, and can't
// encode back to utf8, something is wrong with your libc. But just
// in case somebody finds an exploit...
len = wcrtomb(new, c, 0);
if (len < 1) error_exit("bad utf8 %x", (int)c);
new += len;
}
}
*new = 0;
}
return try;
}
// strstr but returns pointer after match
char *strafter(char *haystack, char *needle)
{
char *s = strstr(haystack, needle);
return s ? s+strlen(needle) : s;
}
// Remove trailing \n
char *chomp(char *s)
{
char *p = strrchr(s, '\n');
if (p && !p[1]) *p = 0;
return s;
}
int unescape(char c)
{
char *from = "\\abefnrtv", *to = "\\\a\b\033\f\n\r\t\v";
int idx = stridx(from, c);
return (idx == -1) ? 0 : to[idx];
}
// If string ends with suffix return pointer to start of suffix in string,
// else NULL
char *strend(char *str, char *suffix)
{
long a = strlen(str), b = strlen(suffix);
if (a>b && !strcmp(str += a-b, suffix)) return str;
return 0;
}
// If *a starts with b, advance *a past it and return 1, else return 0;
int strstart(char **a, char *b)
{
int len = strlen(b), i = !strncmp(*a, b, len);
if (i) *a += len;
return i;
}
// If *a starts with b, advance *a past it and return 1, else return 0;
int strcasestart(char **a, char *b)
{
int len = strlen(b), i = !strncasecmp(*a, b, len);
if (i) *a += len;
return i;
}
// Return how long the file at fd is, if there's any way to determine it.
off_t fdlength(int fd)
{
struct stat st;
off_t base = 0, range = 1, expand = 1, old;
if (!fstat(fd, &st) && S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) return st.st_size;
// If the ioctl works for this, return it.
// TODO: is blocksize still always 512, or do we stat for it?
// unsigned int size;
// if (ioctl(fd, BLKGETSIZE, &size) >= 0) return size*512L;
// If not, do a binary search for the last location we can read. (Some
// block devices don't do BLKGETSIZE right.) This should probably have
// a CONFIG option...
// If not, do a binary search for the last location we can read.
old = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
do {
char temp;
off_t pos = base + range / 2;
if (lseek(fd, pos, 0)>=0 && read(fd, &temp, 1)==1) {
off_t delta = (pos + 1) - base;
base += delta;
if (expand) range = (expand <<= 1) - base;
else range -= delta;
} else {
expand = 0;
range = pos - base;
}
} while (range > 0);
lseek(fd, old, SEEK_SET);
return base;
}
// Read contents of file as a single nul-terminated string.
// measure file size if !len, allocate buffer if !buf
// Existing buffers need len in *plen
// Returns amount of data read in *plen
char *readfileat(int dirfd, char *name, char *ibuf, off_t *plen)
{
off_t len, rlen;
int fd;
char *buf, *rbuf;
// Unsafe to probe for size with a supplied buffer, don't ever do that.
if (CFG_TOYBOX_DEBUG && (ibuf ? !*plen : *plen)) error_exit("bad readfileat");
if (-1 == (fd = openat(dirfd, name, O_RDONLY))) return 0;
// If we dunno the length, probe it. If we can't probe, start with 1 page.
if (!*plen) {
if ((len = fdlength(fd))>0) *plen = len;
else len = 4096;
} else len = *plen-1;
if (!ibuf) buf = xmalloc(len+1);
else buf = ibuf;
for (rbuf = buf;;) {
rlen = readall(fd, rbuf, len);
if (*plen || rlen<len) break;
// If reading unknown size, expand buffer by 1.5 each time we fill it up.
rlen += rbuf-buf;
buf = xrealloc(buf, len = (rlen*3)/2);
rbuf = buf+rlen;
len -= rlen;
}
*plen = len = rlen+(rbuf-buf);
close(fd);
if (rlen<0) {
if (ibuf != buf) free(buf);
buf = 0;
} else buf[len] = 0;
return buf;
}
char *readfile(char *name, char *ibuf, off_t len)
{
return readfileat(AT_FDCWD, name, ibuf, &len);
}
// Sleep for this many thousandths of a second
void msleep(long milliseconds)
{
struct timespec ts;
ts.tv_sec = milliseconds/1000;
ts.tv_nsec = (milliseconds%1000)*1000000;
nanosleep(&ts, &ts);
}
// Adjust timespec by nanosecond offset
void nanomove(struct timespec *ts, long long offset)
{
long long nano = ts->tv_nsec + offset, secs = nano/1000000000;
ts->tv_sec += secs;
nano %= 1000000000;
if (nano<0) {
ts->tv_sec--;
nano += 1000000000;
}
ts->tv_nsec = nano;
}
// return difference between two timespecs in nanosecs
long long nanodiff(struct timespec *old, struct timespec *new)
{
return (new->tv_sec - old->tv_sec)*1000000000LL+(new->tv_nsec - old->tv_nsec);
}
// return 1<<x of highest bit set
int highest_bit(unsigned long l)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; l; i++) l >>= 1;
return i-1;
}
// Inefficient, but deals with unaligned access
int64_t peek_le(void *ptr, unsigned size)
{
int64_t ret = 0;
char *c = ptr;
int i;
for (i=0; i<size; i++) ret |= ((int64_t)c[i])<<(i*8);
return ret;
}
int64_t peek_be(void *ptr, unsigned size)
{
int64_t ret = 0;
char *c = ptr;
int i;
for (i=0; i<size; i++) ret = (ret<<8)|(c[i]&0xff);
return ret;
}
int64_t peek(void *ptr, unsigned size)
{
return (IS_BIG_ENDIAN ? peek_be : peek_le)(ptr, size);
}
void poke_le(void *ptr, long long val, unsigned size)
{
char *c = ptr;
while (size--) {
*c++ = val&255;
val >>= 8;
}
}
void poke_be(void *ptr, long long val, unsigned size)
{
char *c = ptr + size;
while (size--) {
*--c = val&255;
val >>=8;
}
}
void poke(void *ptr, long long val, unsigned size)
{
(IS_BIG_ENDIAN ? poke_be : poke_le)(ptr, val, size);
}
// Iterate through an array of files, opening each one and calling a function
// on that filehandle and name. The special filename "-" means stdin if
// flags is O_RDONLY, stdout otherwise. An empty argument list calls
// function() on just stdin/stdout.
//
// Note: pass O_CLOEXEC to automatically close filehandles when function()
// returns, otherwise filehandles must be closed by function().
// pass WARN_ONLY to produce warning messages about files it couldn't
// open/create, and skip them. Otherwise function is called with fd -1.
void loopfiles_rw(char **argv, int flags, int permissions,
void (*function)(int fd, char *name))
{
int fd, failok = !(flags&WARN_ONLY);
flags &= ~WARN_ONLY;
// If no arguments, read from stdin.
if (!*argv) function((flags & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY ? 1 : 0, "-");
else do {
// Filename "-" means read from stdin.
// Inability to open a file prints a warning, but doesn't exit.
if (!strcmp(*argv, "-")) fd = 0;
else if (0>(fd = notstdio(open(*argv, flags, permissions))) && !failok) {
perror_msg_raw(*argv);
continue;
}
function(fd, *argv);
if ((flags & O_CLOEXEC) && fd) close(fd);
} while (*++argv);
}
// Call loopfiles_rw with O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC|WARN_ONLY (common case)
void loopfiles(char **argv, void (*function)(int fd, char *name))
{
loopfiles_rw(argv, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC|WARN_ONLY, 0, function);
}
// glue to call dl_lines() from loopfiles
static void (*do_lines_bridge)(char **pline, long len);
static void loopfile_lines_bridge(int fd, char *name)
{
do_lines(fd, '\n', do_lines_bridge);
}
void loopfiles_lines(char **argv, void (*function)(char **pline, long len))
{
do_lines_bridge = function;
loopfiles(argv, loopfile_lines_bridge);
}
// Slow, but small.
char *get_rawline(int fd, long *plen, char end)
{
char c, *buf = NULL;
long len = 0;
for (;;) {
if (1>read(fd, &c, 1)) break;
if (!(len & 63)) buf=xrealloc(buf, len+65);
if ((buf[len++]=c) == end) break;
}
if (buf) buf[len]=0;
if (plen) *plen = len;
return buf;
}
char *get_line(int fd)
{
long len;
char *buf = get_rawline(fd, &len, '\n');
if (buf && buf[--len]=='\n') buf[len]=0;
return buf;
}
int wfchmodat(int fd, char *name, mode_t mode)
{
int rc = fchmodat(fd, name, mode, 0);
if (rc) {
perror_msg("chmod '%s' to %04o", name, mode);
toys.exitval=1;
}
return rc;
}
static char *tempfile2zap;
static void tempfile_handler(void)
{
if (1 < (long)tempfile2zap) unlink(tempfile2zap);
}
// Open a temporary file to copy an existing file into.
int copy_tempfile(int fdin, char *name, char **tempname)
{
struct stat statbuf;
int fd = xtempfile(name, tempname), ignored __attribute__((__unused__));
// Record tempfile for exit cleanup if interrupted
if (!tempfile2zap) sigatexit(tempfile_handler);
tempfile2zap = *tempname;
// Set permissions of output file.
if (!fstat(fdin, &statbuf)) fchmod(fd, statbuf.st_mode);
// We chmod before chown, which strips the suid bit. Caller has to explicitly
// switch it back on if they want to keep suid.
// Suppress warn-unused-result. Both gcc and clang clutch their pearls about
// this but it's _supposed_ to fail when we're not root.
ignored = fchown(fd, statbuf.st_uid, statbuf.st_gid);
return fd;
}
// Abort the copy and delete the temporary file.
void delete_tempfile(int fdin, int fdout, char **tempname)
{
close(fdin);
close(fdout);
if (*tempname) unlink(*tempname);
tempfile2zap = (char *)1;
free(*tempname);
*tempname = NULL;
}
// Copy the rest of the data and replace the original with the copy.
void replace_tempfile(int fdin, int fdout, char **tempname)
{
char *temp = xstrdup(*tempname);
temp[strlen(temp)-6]=0;
if (fdin != -1) {
xsendfile(fdin, fdout);
xclose(fdin);
}
xclose(fdout);
xrename(*tempname, temp);
tempfile2zap = (char *)1;
free(*tempname);
free(temp);
*tempname = NULL;
}
// Create a 256 entry CRC32 lookup table.
void crc_init(unsigned int *crc_table, int little_endian)
{
unsigned int i;
// Init the CRC32 table (big endian)
for (i=0; i<256; i++) {
unsigned int j, c = little_endian ? i : i<<24;
for (j=8; j; j--)
if (little_endian) c = (c&1) ? (c>>1)^0xEDB88320 : c>>1;
else c=c&0x80000000 ? (c<<1)^0x04c11db7 : (c<<1);
crc_table[i] = c;
}
}
// Init base64 table
void base64_init(char *p)
{
int i;
for (i = 'A'; i != ':'; i++) {
if (i == 'Z'+1) i = 'a';
if (i == 'z'+1) i = '0';
*(p++) = i;
}
*(p++) = '+';
*(p++) = '/';
}
int yesno(int def)
{
char buf;
fprintf(stderr, " (%c/%c):", def ? 'Y' : 'y', def ? 'n' : 'N');
fflush(stderr);
while (fread(&buf, 1, 1, stdin)) {
int new;
// The letter changes the value, the newline (or space) returns it.
if (isspace(buf)) break;
if (-1 != (new = stridx("ny", tolower(buf)))) def = new;
}
return def;
}
// Handler that sets toys.signal, and writes to toys.signalfd if set
void generic_signal(int sig)
{
if (toys.signalfd) {
char c = sig;
writeall(toys.signalfd, &c, 1);
}
toys.signal = sig;
}
void exit_signal(int sig)
{
if (sig) toys.exitval = sig|128;
xexit();
}
// Install the same handler on every signal that defaults to killing the
// process, calling the handler on the way out. Calling multiple times
// adds the handlers to a list, to be called in order.
void sigatexit(void *handler)
{
xsignal_all_killers(handler ? exit_signal : SIG_DFL);
if (handler) {
struct arg_list *al = xmalloc(sizeof(struct arg_list));
al->next = toys.xexit;
al->arg = handler;
toys.xexit = al;
} else {
llist_traverse(toys.xexit, free);
toys.xexit = 0;
}
}
// Output a nicely formatted 80-column table of all the signals.
void list_signals()
{
int i = 0, count = 0;
char *name;
for (; i<=NSIG; i++) {
if ((name = num_to_sig(i))) {
printf("%2d) SIG%-9s", i, name);
if (++count % 5 == 0) putchar('\n');
}
}
putchar('\n');
}
// premute mode bits based on posix mode strings.
mode_t string_to_mode(char *modestr, mode_t mode)
{
char *whos = "ogua", *hows = "=+-", *whats = "xwrstX", *whys = "ogu",
*s, *str = modestr;
mode_t extrabits = mode & ~(07777);
// Handle octal mode
if (isdigit(*str)) {
mode = estrtol(str, &s, 8);
if (errno || *s || (mode & ~(07777))) goto barf;
return mode | extrabits;
}
// Gaze into the bin of permission...
for (;;) {
int i, j, dowho, dohow, dowhat, amask;
dowho = dohow = dowhat = amask = 0;
// Find the who, how, and what stanzas, in that order
while (*str && (s = strchr(whos, *str))) {
dowho |= 1<<(s-whos);
str++;
}
// If who isn't specified, like "a" but honoring umask.
if (!dowho) {
dowho = 8;
umask(amask=umask(0));
}
if (!*str || !(s = strchr(hows, *str))) goto barf;
dohow = *(str++);
if (!dohow) goto barf;
while (*str && (s = strchr(whats, *str))) {
dowhat |= 1<<(s-whats);
str++;
}
// Convert X to x for directory or if already executable somewhere
if ((dowhat&32) && (S_ISDIR(mode) || (mode&0111))) dowhat |= 1;
// Copy mode from another category?
if (!dowhat && *str && (s = strchr(whys, *str))) {
dowhat = (mode>>(3*(s-whys)))&7;
str++;
}
// Are we ready to do a thing yet?
if (*str && *(str++) != ',') goto barf;
// Ok, apply the bits to the mode.
for (i=0; i<4; i++) {
for (j=0; j<3; j++) {
mode_t bit = 0;
int where = 1<<((3*i)+j);
if (amask & where) continue;
// Figure out new value at this location
if (i == 3) {
// suid/sticky bit.
if (j) {
if ((dowhat & 8) && (dowho&(8|(1<<i)))) bit++;
} else if (dowhat & 16) bit++;
} else {
if (!(dowho&(8|(1<<i)))) continue;
if (dowhat&(1<<j)) bit++;
}
// When selection active, modify bit
if (dohow == '=' || (bit && dohow == '-')) mode &= ~where;
if (bit && dohow != '-') mode |= where;
}
}
if (!*str) break;
}
return mode|extrabits;
barf:
error_exit("bad mode '%s'", modestr);
}
// Format access mode into a drwxrwxrwx string
void mode_to_string(mode_t mode, char *buf)
{
char c, d;
int i, bit;
buf[10]=0;
for (i=0; i<9; i++) {
bit = mode & (1<<i);
c = i%3;
if (!c && (mode & (1<<((d=i/3)+9)))) {
c = "tss"[d];
if (!bit) c &= ~0x20;
} else c = bit ? "xwr"[c] : '-';
buf[9-i] = c;
}
if (S_ISDIR(mode)) c = 'd';
else if (S_ISBLK(mode)) c = 'b';
else if (S_ISCHR(mode)) c = 'c';
else if (S_ISLNK(mode)) c = 'l';
else if (S_ISFIFO(mode)) c = 'p';
else if (S_ISSOCK(mode)) c = 's';
else c = '-';
*buf = c;
}
// dirname() can modify its argument or return a pointer to a constant string
// This always returns a malloc() copy of everyting before last (run of ) '/'.
char *getdirname(char *name)
{
char *s = xstrdup(name), *ss = strrchr(s, '/');
while (ss && *ss && *ss == '/' && s != ss) *ss-- = 0;
return s;
}
// basename() can modify its argument or return a pointer to a constant string
// This just gives after the last '/' or the whole stirng if no /
char *getbasename(char *name)
{
char *s = strrchr(name, '/');
if (s) return s+1;
return name;
}
// Return pointer to xabspath(file) if file is under dir, else 0
char *fileunderdir(char *file, char *dir)
{
char *s1 = xabspath(dir, 1), *s2 = xabspath(file, -1), *ss = s2;
int rc = s1 && s2 && strstart(&ss, s1) && (!s1[1] || s2[strlen(s1)] == '/');
free(s1);
if (!rc) free(s2);
return rc ? s2 : 0;
}
// Execute a callback for each PID that matches a process name from a list.
void names_to_pid(char **names, int (*callback)(pid_t pid, char *name))
{
DIR *dp;
struct dirent *entry;
if (!(dp = opendir("/proc"))) perror_exit("no /proc");
while ((entry = readdir(dp))) {
unsigned u = atoi(entry->d_name);
char *cmd = 0, *comm, **cur;
off_t len;
if (!u) continue;
// Comm is original name of executable (argv[0] could be #! interpreter)
// but it's limited to 15 characters
sprintf(libbuf, "/proc/%u/comm", u);
len = sizeof(libbuf);
if (!(comm = readfileat(AT_FDCWD, libbuf, libbuf, &len)) || !len)
continue;
if (libbuf[len-1] == '\n') libbuf[--len] = 0;
for (cur = names; *cur; cur++) {
struct stat st1, st2;
char *bb = getbasename(*cur);
off_t len = strlen(bb);
// Fast path: only matching a filename (no path) that fits in comm.
// `len` must be 14 or less because with a full 15 bytes we don't
// know whether the name fit or was truncated.
if (len<=14 && bb==*cur && !strcmp(comm, bb)) goto match;
// If we have a path to existing file only match if same inode
if (bb!=*cur && !stat(*cur, &st1)) {
char buf[32];
sprintf(buf, "/proc/%u/exe", u);
if (stat(buf, &st2)) continue;
if (st1.st_dev != st2.st_dev || st1.st_ino != st2.st_ino) continue;
goto match;
}
// Nope, gotta read command line to confirm
if (!cmd) {
sprintf(cmd = libbuf+16, "/proc/%u/cmdline", u);
len = sizeof(libbuf)-17;
if (!(cmd = readfileat(AT_FDCWD, cmd, cmd, &len))) continue;
// readfile only guarantees one null terminator and we need two
// (yes the kernel should do this for us, don't care)
cmd[len] = 0;
}
if (!strcmp(bb, getbasename(cmd))) goto match;
if (!strcmp(bb, getbasename(cmd+strlen(cmd)+1))) goto match;
continue;
match:
if (callback(u, *cur)) break;
}
}
closedir(dp);
}
// display first "dgt" many digits of number plus unit (kilo-exabytes)
int human_readable_long(char *buf, unsigned long long num, int dgt, int style)
{
unsigned long long snap = 0;
int len, unit, divisor = (style&HR_1000) ? 1000 : 1024;
// Divide rounding up until we have 3 or fewer digits. Since the part we
// print is decimal, the test is 999 even when we divide by 1024.
// We can't run out of units because 1<<64 is 18 exabytes.
for (unit = 0; snprintf(0, 0, "%llu", num)>dgt; unit++)
num = ((snap = num)+(divisor/2))/divisor;
len = sprintf(buf, "%llu", num);
if (unit && len == 1) {
// Redo rounding for 1.2M case, this works with and without HR_1000.
num = snap/divisor;
snap -= num*divisor;
snap = ((snap*100)+50)/divisor;
snap /= 10;
len = sprintf(buf, "%llu.%llu", num, snap);
}
if (style & HR_SPACE) buf[len++] = ' ';
if (unit) {
unit = " kMGTPE"[unit];
if (!(style&HR_1000)) unit = toupper(unit);
buf[len++] = unit;
} else if (style & HR_B) buf[len++] = 'B';
buf[len] = 0;
return len;
}
// Give 3 digit estimate + units ala 999M or 1.7T
int human_readable(char *buf, unsigned long long num, int style)
{
return human_readable_long(buf, num, 3, style);
}
// The qsort man page says you can use alphasort, the posix committee
// disagreed, and doubled down: http://austingroupbugs.net/view.php?id=142
// So just do our own. (The const is entirely to humor the stupid compiler.)
int qstrcmp(const void *a, const void *b)
{
return strcmp(*(char **)a, *(char **)b);
}
// See https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4122, specifically section 4.4
// "Algorithms for Creating a UUID from Truly Random or Pseudo-Random
// Numbers".
void create_uuid(char *uuid)
{
// "Set all the ... bits to randomly (or pseudo-randomly) chosen values".
xgetrandom(uuid, 16, 0);
// "Set the four most significant bits ... of the time_hi_and_version
// field to the 4-bit version number [4]".
uuid[6] = (uuid[6] & 0x0F) | 0x40;
// "Set the two most significant bits (bits 6 and 7) of
// clock_seq_hi_and_reserved to zero and one, respectively".
uuid[8] = (uuid[8] & 0x3F) | 0x80;
}
char *show_uuid(char *uuid)
{
char *out = libbuf;
int i;
for (i=0; i<16; i++) out+=sprintf(out, "-%02x"+!(0x550&(1<<i)), uuid[i]);
*out = 0;
return libbuf;
}
// Returns pointer to letter at end, 0 if none. *start = initial %
char *next_printf(char *s, char **start)
{
for (; *s; s++) {
if (*s != '%') continue;
if (*++s == '%') continue;
if (start) *start = s-1;
while (0 <= stridx("0'#-+ ", *s)) s++;
while (isdigit(*s)) s++;
if (*s == '.') s++;
while (isdigit(*s)) s++;
return s;
}
return 0;
}
int dev_minor(int dev)
{
return ((dev&0xfff00000)>>12)|(dev&0xff);
}
int dev_major(int dev)
{
return (dev&0xfff00)>>8;
}
int dev_makedev(int major, int minor)
{
return (minor&0xff)|((major&0xfff)<<8)|((minor&0xfff00)<<12);
}
// Return cached passwd entries.
struct passwd *bufgetpwuid(uid_t uid)
{
struct pwuidbuf_list {
struct pwuidbuf_list *next;
struct passwd pw;
} *list = 0;
struct passwd *temp;
static struct pwuidbuf_list *pwuidbuf;
unsigned size = 256;
// If we already have this one, return it.
for (list = pwuidbuf; list; list = list->next)
if (list->pw.pw_uid == uid) return &(list->pw);
for (;;) {
list = xrealloc(list, size *= 2);
errno = getpwuid_r(uid, &list->pw, sizeof(*list)+(char *)list,
size-sizeof(*list), &temp);
if (errno != ERANGE) break;
}
if (!temp) {
free(list);
return 0;
}
list->next = pwuidbuf;
pwuidbuf = list;
return &list->pw;
}
// Return cached group entries.
struct group *bufgetgrgid(gid_t gid)
{
struct grgidbuf_list {
struct grgidbuf_list *next;
struct group gr;
} *list = 0;
struct group *temp;
static struct grgidbuf_list *grgidbuf;
unsigned size = 256;
for (list = grgidbuf; list; list = list->next)
if (list->gr.gr_gid == gid) return &(list->gr);
for (;;) {
list = xrealloc(list, size *= 2);
errno = getgrgid_r(gid, &list->gr, sizeof(*list)+(char *)list,
size-sizeof(*list), &temp);
if (errno != ERANGE) break;
}
if (!temp) {
free(list);
return 0;
}
list->next = grgidbuf;
grgidbuf = list;
return &list->gr;
}
// Always null terminates, returns 0 for failure, len for success
int readlinkat0(int dirfd, char *path, char *buf, int len)
{
if (!len) return 0;
len = readlinkat(dirfd, path, buf, len-1);
if (len<0) len = 0;
buf[len] = 0;
return len;
}
int readlink0(char *path, char *buf, int len)
{
return readlinkat0(AT_FDCWD, path, buf, len);
}
// Do regex matching with len argument to handle embedded NUL bytes in string
int regexec0(regex_t *preg, char *string, long len, int nmatch,
regmatch_t *pmatch, int eflags)
{
regmatch_t backup;
if (!nmatch) pmatch = &backup;
pmatch->rm_so = 0;
pmatch->rm_eo = len;
return regexec(preg, string, nmatch, pmatch, eflags|REG_STARTEND);
}
// Return user name or string representation of number, returned buffer
// lasts until next call.
char *getusername(uid_t uid)
{
struct passwd *pw = bufgetpwuid(uid);
static char unum[12];
sprintf(unum, "%u", (unsigned)uid);
return pw ? pw->pw_name : unum;
}
// Return group name or string representation of number, returned buffer
// lasts until next call.
char *getgroupname(gid_t gid)
{
struct group *gr = bufgetgrgid(gid);
static char gnum[12];
sprintf(gnum, "%u", (unsigned)gid);
return gr ? gr->gr_name : gnum;
}
// Iterate over lines in file, calling function. Function can write 0 to
// the line pointer if they want to keep it, or 1 to terminate processing,
// otherwise line is freed. Passed file descriptor is closed at the end.
// At EOF calls function(0, 0)
void do_lines(int fd, char delim, void (*call)(char **pline, long len))
{
FILE *fp = fd ? xfdopen(fd, "r") : stdin;
for (;;) {
char *line = 0;
ssize_t len;
len = getdelim(&line, (void *)&len, delim, fp);
if (len > 0) {
call(&line, len);
if (line == (void *)1) break;
free(line);
} else break;
}
call(0, 0);
if (fd) fclose(fp);
}
// Return unix time in milliseconds
long long millitime(void)
{
struct timespec ts;
clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts);
return ts.tv_sec*1000+ts.tv_nsec/1000000;
}
// Formats `ts` in ISO format ("2018-06-28 15:08:58.846386216 -0700").
char *format_iso_time(char *buf, size_t len, struct timespec *ts)
{
char *s = buf;
s += strftime(s, len, "%F %T", localtime(&(ts->tv_sec)));
s += sprintf(s, ".%09ld ", ts->tv_nsec);
s += strftime(s, len-strlen(buf), "%z", localtime(&(ts->tv_sec)));
return buf;
}
// Syslog with the openlog/closelog, autodetecting daemon status via no tty
void loggit(int priority, char *format, ...)
{
int i, facility = LOG_DAEMON;
va_list va;
for (i = 0; i<3; i++) if (isatty(i)) facility = LOG_AUTH;
openlog(toys.which->name, LOG_PID, facility);
va_start(va, format);
vsyslog(priority, format, va);
va_end(va);
closelog();
}
// Calculate tar packet checksum, with cksum field treated as 8 spaces
unsigned tar_cksum(void *data)
{
unsigned i, cksum = 8*' ';
for (i = 0; i<500; i += (i==147) ? 9 : 1) cksum += ((char *)data)[i];
return cksum;
}
// is this a valid tar header?
int is_tar_header(void *pkt)
{
char *p = pkt;
int i = 0;
if (p[257] && memcmp("ustar", p+257, 5)) return 0;
if (p[148] != '0') return 0;
sscanf(p+148, "%8o", &i);
return i && tar_cksum(pkt) == i;
}