blob: 6ce383b0f605b9576f3fea04c5309fcbaef12961 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code distributions
* retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety, (2)
* distributions including binary code include the above copyright notice and
* this paragraph in its entirety in the documentation or other materials
* provided with the distribution, and (3) all advertising materials mentioning
* features or use of this software display the following acknowledgement:
* ``This product includes software developed by the University of California,
* Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its contributors.'' Neither the name of
* the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
* or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
* written permission.
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
* WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*/
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif
#include <sys/param.h> /* optionally get BSD define */
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <time.h>
/*
* <net/bpf.h> defines ioctls, but doesn't include <sys/ioccom.h>.
*
* We include <sys/ioctl.h> as it might be necessary to declare ioctl();
* at least on *BSD and macOS, it also defines various SIOC ioctls -
* we could include <sys/sockio.h>, but if we're already including
* <sys/ioctl.h>, which includes <sys/sockio.h> on those platforms,
* there's not much point in doing so.
*
* If we have <sys/ioccom.h>, we include it as well, to handle systems
* such as Solaris which don't arrange to include <sys/ioccom.h> if you
* include <sys/ioctl.h>
*/
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_IOCCOM_H
#include <sys/ioccom.h>
#endif
#include <sys/utsname.h>
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2)
/*
* Add support for capturing on FreeBSD usbusN interfaces.
*/
static const char usbus_prefix[] = "usbus";
#define USBUS_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof(usbus_prefix) - 1)
#include <dirent.h>
#endif
#include <net/if.h>
#ifdef _AIX
/*
* Make "pcap.h" not include "pcap/bpf.h"; we are going to include the
* native OS version, as we need "struct bpf_config" from it.
*/
#define PCAP_DONT_INCLUDE_PCAP_BPF_H
#include <sys/types.h>
/*
* Prevent bpf.h from redefining the DLT_ values to their
* IFT_ values, as we're going to return the standard libpcap
* values, not IBM's non-standard IFT_ values.
*/
#undef _AIX
#include <net/bpf.h>
#define _AIX
/*
* If both BIOCROTZBUF and BPF_BUFMODE_ZBUF are defined, we have
* zero-copy BPF.
*/
#if defined(BIOCROTZBUF) && defined(BPF_BUFMODE_ZBUF)
#define HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <machine/atomic.h>
#endif
#include <net/if_types.h> /* for IFT_ values */
#include <sys/sysconfig.h>
#include <sys/device.h>
#include <sys/cfgodm.h>
#include <cf.h>
#ifdef __64BIT__
#define domakedev makedev64
#define getmajor major64
#define bpf_hdr bpf_hdr32
#else /* __64BIT__ */
#define domakedev makedev
#define getmajor major
#endif /* __64BIT__ */
#define BPF_NAME "bpf"
#define BPF_MINORS 4
#define DRIVER_PATH "/usr/lib/drivers"
#define BPF_NODE "/dev/bpf"
static int bpfloadedflag = 0;
static int odmlockid = 0;
static int bpf_load(char *errbuf);
#else /* _AIX */
#include <net/bpf.h>
#endif /* _AIX */
#include <ctype.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#ifdef SIOCGIFMEDIA
# include <net/if_media.h>
#endif
#include "pcap-int.h"
#ifdef HAVE_OS_PROTO_H
#include "os-proto.h"
#endif
/*
* Later versions of NetBSD stick padding in front of FDDI frames
* to align the IP header on a 4-byte boundary.
*/
#if defined(__NetBSD__) && __NetBSD_Version__ > 106000000
#define PCAP_FDDIPAD 3
#endif
/*
* Private data for capturing on BPF devices.
*/
struct pcap_bpf {
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
/*
* Zero-copy read buffer -- for zero-copy BPF. 'buffer' above will
* alternative between these two actual mmap'd buffers as required.
* As there is a header on the front size of the mmap'd buffer, only
* some of the buffer is exposed to libpcap as a whole via bufsize;
* zbufsize is the true size. zbuffer tracks the current zbuf
* assocated with buffer so that it can be used to decide which the
* next buffer to read will be.
*/
u_char *zbuf1, *zbuf2, *zbuffer;
u_int zbufsize;
u_int zerocopy;
u_int interrupted;
struct timespec firstsel;
/*
* If there's currently a buffer being actively processed, then it is
* referenced here; 'buffer' is also pointed at it, but offset by the
* size of the header.
*/
struct bpf_zbuf_header *bzh;
int nonblock; /* true if in nonblocking mode */
#endif /* HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF */
char *device; /* device name */
int filtering_in_kernel; /* using kernel filter */
int must_do_on_close; /* stuff we must do when we close */
};
/*
* Stuff to do when we close.
*/
#define MUST_CLEAR_RFMON 0x00000001 /* clear rfmon (monitor) mode */
#define MUST_DESTROY_USBUS 0x00000002 /* destroy usbusN interface */
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
# if (defined(HAVE_NET_IF_MEDIA_H) && defined(IFM_IEEE80211)) && !defined(__APPLE__)
#define HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
/*
* The ifm_ulist member of a struct ifmediareq is an int * on most systems,
* but it's a uint64_t on newer versions of OpenBSD.
*
* We check this by checking whether IFM_GMASK is defined and > 2^32-1.
*/
# if defined(IFM_GMASK) && IFM_GMASK > 0xFFFFFFFF
# define IFM_ULIST_TYPE uint64_t
# else
# define IFM_ULIST_TYPE int
# endif
# endif
# if defined(__APPLE__) || defined(HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211)
static int find_802_11(struct bpf_dltlist *);
# ifdef HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
static int monitor_mode(pcap_t *, int);
# endif
# if defined(__APPLE__)
static void remove_en(pcap_t *);
static void remove_802_11(pcap_t *);
# endif
# endif /* defined(__APPLE__) || defined(HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211) */
#endif /* BIOCGDLTLIST */
#if defined(sun) && defined(LIFNAMSIZ) && defined(lifr_zoneid)
#include <zone.h>
#endif
/*
* We include the OS's <net/bpf.h>, not our "pcap/bpf.h", so we probably
* don't get DLT_DOCSIS defined.
*/
#ifndef DLT_DOCSIS
#define DLT_DOCSIS 143
#endif
/*
* In some versions of macOS, we might not even get any of the
* 802.11-plus-radio-header DLT_'s defined, even though some
* of them are used by various Airport drivers in those versions.
*/
#ifndef DLT_PRISM_HEADER
#define DLT_PRISM_HEADER 119
#endif
#ifndef DLT_AIRONET_HEADER
#define DLT_AIRONET_HEADER 120
#endif
#ifndef DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO
#define DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO 127
#endif
#ifndef DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS
#define DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS 163
#endif
static int pcap_can_set_rfmon_bpf(pcap_t *p);
static int pcap_activate_bpf(pcap_t *p);
static int pcap_setfilter_bpf(pcap_t *p, struct bpf_program *fp);
static int pcap_setdirection_bpf(pcap_t *, pcap_direction_t);
static int pcap_set_datalink_bpf(pcap_t *p, int dlt);
/*
* For zerocopy bpf, the setnonblock/getnonblock routines need to modify
* pb->nonblock so we don't call select(2) if the pcap handle is in non-
* blocking mode.
*/
static int
pcap_getnonblock_bpf(pcap_t *p)
{
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
if (pb->zerocopy)
return (pb->nonblock);
#endif
return (pcap_getnonblock_fd(p));
}
static int
pcap_setnonblock_bpf(pcap_t *p, int nonblock)
{
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
if (pb->zerocopy) {
pb->nonblock = nonblock;
return (0);
}
#endif
return (pcap_setnonblock_fd(p, nonblock));
}
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
/*
* Zero-copy BPF buffer routines to check for and acknowledge BPF data in
* shared memory buffers.
*
* pcap_next_zbuf_shm(): Check for a newly available shared memory buffer,
* and set up p->buffer and cc to reflect one if available. Notice that if
* there was no prior buffer, we select zbuf1 as this will be the first
* buffer filled for a fresh BPF session.
*/
static int
pcap_next_zbuf_shm(pcap_t *p, int *cc)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
struct bpf_zbuf_header *bzh;
if (pb->zbuffer == pb->zbuf2 || pb->zbuffer == NULL) {
bzh = (struct bpf_zbuf_header *)pb->zbuf1;
if (bzh->bzh_user_gen !=
atomic_load_acq_int(&bzh->bzh_kernel_gen)) {
pb->bzh = bzh;
pb->zbuffer = (u_char *)pb->zbuf1;
p->buffer = pb->zbuffer + sizeof(*bzh);
*cc = bzh->bzh_kernel_len;
return (1);
}
} else if (pb->zbuffer == pb->zbuf1) {
bzh = (struct bpf_zbuf_header *)pb->zbuf2;
if (bzh->bzh_user_gen !=
atomic_load_acq_int(&bzh->bzh_kernel_gen)) {
pb->bzh = bzh;
pb->zbuffer = (u_char *)pb->zbuf2;
p->buffer = pb->zbuffer + sizeof(*bzh);
*cc = bzh->bzh_kernel_len;
return (1);
}
}
*cc = 0;
return (0);
}
/*
* pcap_next_zbuf() -- Similar to pcap_next_zbuf_shm(), except wait using
* select() for data or a timeout, and possibly force rotation of the buffer
* in the event we time out or are in immediate mode. Invoke the shared
* memory check before doing system calls in order to avoid doing avoidable
* work.
*/
static int
pcap_next_zbuf(pcap_t *p, int *cc)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
struct bpf_zbuf bz;
struct timeval tv;
struct timespec cur;
fd_set r_set;
int data, r;
int expire, tmout;
#define TSTOMILLI(ts) (((ts)->tv_sec * 1000) + ((ts)->tv_nsec / 1000000))
/*
* Start out by seeing whether anything is waiting by checking the
* next shared memory buffer for data.
*/
data = pcap_next_zbuf_shm(p, cc);
if (data)
return (data);
/*
* If a previous sleep was interrupted due to signal delivery, make
* sure that the timeout gets adjusted accordingly. This requires
* that we analyze when the timeout should be been expired, and
* subtract the current time from that. If after this operation,
* our timeout is less then or equal to zero, handle it like a
* regular timeout.
*/
tmout = p->opt.timeout;
if (tmout)
(void) clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &cur);
if (pb->interrupted && p->opt.timeout) {
expire = TSTOMILLI(&pb->firstsel) + p->opt.timeout;
tmout = expire - TSTOMILLI(&cur);
#undef TSTOMILLI
if (tmout <= 0) {
pb->interrupted = 0;
data = pcap_next_zbuf_shm(p, cc);
if (data)
return (data);
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCROTZBUF, &bz) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno, "BIOCROTZBUF");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
return (pcap_next_zbuf_shm(p, cc));
}
}
/*
* No data in the buffer, so must use select() to wait for data or
* the next timeout. Note that we only call select if the handle
* is in blocking mode.
*/
if (!pb->nonblock) {
FD_ZERO(&r_set);
FD_SET(p->fd, &r_set);
if (tmout != 0) {
tv.tv_sec = tmout / 1000;
tv.tv_usec = (tmout * 1000) % 1000000;
}
r = select(p->fd + 1, &r_set, NULL, NULL,
p->opt.timeout != 0 ? &tv : NULL);
if (r < 0 && errno == EINTR) {
if (!pb->interrupted && p->opt.timeout) {
pb->interrupted = 1;
pb->firstsel = cur;
}
return (0);
} else if (r < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "select");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
pb->interrupted = 0;
/*
* Check again for data, which may exist now that we've either been
* woken up as a result of data or timed out. Try the "there's data"
* case first since it doesn't require a system call.
*/
data = pcap_next_zbuf_shm(p, cc);
if (data)
return (data);
/*
* Try forcing a buffer rotation to dislodge timed out or immediate
* data.
*/
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCROTZBUF, &bz) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCROTZBUF");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
return (pcap_next_zbuf_shm(p, cc));
}
/*
* Notify kernel that we are done with the buffer. We don't reset zbuffer so
* that we know which buffer to use next time around.
*/
static int
pcap_ack_zbuf(pcap_t *p)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
atomic_store_rel_int(&pb->bzh->bzh_user_gen,
pb->bzh->bzh_kernel_gen);
pb->bzh = NULL;
p->buffer = NULL;
return (0);
}
#endif /* HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF */
pcap_t *
pcap_create_interface(const char *device _U_, char *ebuf)
{
pcap_t *p;
p = pcap_create_common(ebuf, sizeof (struct pcap_bpf));
if (p == NULL)
return (NULL);
p->activate_op = pcap_activate_bpf;
p->can_set_rfmon_op = pcap_can_set_rfmon_bpf;
#ifdef BIOCSTSTAMP
/*
* We claim that we support microsecond and nanosecond time
* stamps.
*/
p->tstamp_precision_count = 2;
p->tstamp_precision_list = malloc(2 * sizeof(u_int));
if (p->tstamp_precision_list == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"malloc");
free(p);
return (NULL);
}
p->tstamp_precision_list[0] = PCAP_TSTAMP_PRECISION_MICRO;
p->tstamp_precision_list[1] = PCAP_TSTAMP_PRECISION_NANO;
#endif /* BIOCSTSTAMP */
return (p);
}
/*
* On success, returns a file descriptor for a BPF device.
* On failure, returns a PCAP_ERROR_ value, and sets p->errbuf.
*/
static int
bpf_open(char *errbuf)
{
int fd = -1;
static const char cloning_device[] = "/dev/bpf";
int n = 0;
char device[sizeof "/dev/bpf0000000000"];
static int no_cloning_bpf = 0;
#ifdef _AIX
/*
* Load the bpf driver, if it isn't already loaded,
* and create the BPF device entries, if they don't
* already exist.
*/
if (bpf_load(errbuf) == PCAP_ERROR)
return (PCAP_ERROR);
#endif
/*
* First, unless we've already tried opening /dev/bpf and
* gotten ENOENT, try opening /dev/bpf.
* If it fails with ENOENT, remember that, so we don't try
* again, and try /dev/bpfN.
*/
if (!no_cloning_bpf &&
(fd = open(cloning_device, O_RDWR)) == -1 &&
((errno != EACCES && errno != ENOENT) ||
(fd = open(cloning_device, O_RDONLY)) == -1)) {
if (errno != ENOENT) {
if (errno == EACCES)
fd = PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED;
else
fd = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "(cannot open device) %s", cloning_device);
return (fd);
}
no_cloning_bpf = 1;
}
if (no_cloning_bpf) {
/*
* We don't have /dev/bpf.
* Go through all the /dev/bpfN minors and find one
* that isn't in use.
*/
do {
(void)pcap_snprintf(device, sizeof(device), "/dev/bpf%d", n++);
/*
* Initially try a read/write open (to allow the inject
* method to work). If that fails due to permission
* issues, fall back to read-only. This allows a
* non-root user to be granted specific access to pcap
* capabilities via file permissions.
*
* XXX - we should have an API that has a flag that
* controls whether to open read-only or read-write,
* so that denial of permission to send (or inability
* to send, if sending packets isn't supported on
* the device in question) can be indicated at open
* time.
*/
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd == -1 && errno == EACCES)
fd = open(device, O_RDONLY);
} while (fd < 0 && errno == EBUSY);
}
/*
* XXX better message for all minors used
*/
if (fd < 0) {
switch (errno) {
case ENOENT:
fd = PCAP_ERROR;
if (n == 1) {
/*
* /dev/bpf0 doesn't exist, which
* means we probably have no BPF
* devices.
*/
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"(there are no BPF devices)");
} else {
/*
* We got EBUSY on at least one
* BPF device, so we have BPF
* devices, but all the ones
* that exist are busy.
*/
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"(all BPF devices are busy)");
}
break;
case EACCES:
/*
* Got EACCES on the last device we tried,
* and EBUSY on all devices before that,
* if any.
*/
fd = PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "(cannot open BPF device) %s", device);
break;
default:
/*
* Some other problem.
*/
fd = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "(cannot open BPF device) %s", device);
break;
}
}
return (fd);
}
/*
* Open and bind to a device; used if we're not actually going to use
* the device, but are just testing whether it can be opened, or opening
* it to get information about it.
*
* Returns an error code on failure (always negative), and an FD for
* the now-bound BPF device on success (always non-negative).
*/
static int
bpf_open_and_bind(const char *name, char *errbuf)
{
int fd;
struct ifreq ifr;
/*
* First, open a BPF device.
*/
fd = bpf_open(errbuf);
if (fd < 0)
return (fd); /* fd is the appropriate error code */
/*
* Now bind to the device.
*/
(void)strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, name, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) < 0) {
switch (errno) {
case ENXIO:
/*
* There's no such device.
*/
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE);
case ENETDOWN:
/*
* Return a "network down" indication, so that
* the application can report that rather than
* saying we had a mysterious failure and
* suggest that they report a problem to the
* libpcap developers.
*/
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR_IFACE_NOT_UP);
default:
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETIF: %s", name);
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
/*
* Success.
*/
return (fd);
}
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
static int
get_dlt_list(int fd, int v, struct bpf_dltlist *bdlp, char *ebuf)
{
memset(bdlp, 0, sizeof(*bdlp));
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCGDLTLIST, (caddr_t)bdlp) == 0) {
u_int i;
int is_ethernet;
bdlp->bfl_list = (u_int *) malloc(sizeof(u_int) * (bdlp->bfl_len + 1));
if (bdlp->bfl_list == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "malloc");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCGDLTLIST, (caddr_t)bdlp) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGDLTLIST");
free(bdlp->bfl_list);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
/*
* OK, for real Ethernet devices, add DLT_DOCSIS to the
* list, so that an application can let you choose it,
* in case you're capturing DOCSIS traffic that a Cisco
* Cable Modem Termination System is putting out onto
* an Ethernet (it doesn't put an Ethernet header onto
* the wire, it puts raw DOCSIS frames out on the wire
* inside the low-level Ethernet framing).
*
* A "real Ethernet device" is defined here as a device
* that has a link-layer type of DLT_EN10MB and that has
* no alternate link-layer types; that's done to exclude
* 802.11 interfaces (which might or might not be the
* right thing to do, but I suspect it is - Ethernet <->
* 802.11 bridges would probably badly mishandle frames
* that don't have Ethernet headers).
*
* On Solaris with BPF, Ethernet devices also offer
* DLT_IPNET, so we, if DLT_IPNET is defined, we don't
* treat it as an indication that the device isn't an
* Ethernet.
*/
if (v == DLT_EN10MB) {
is_ethernet = 1;
for (i = 0; i < bdlp->bfl_len; i++) {
if (bdlp->bfl_list[i] != DLT_EN10MB
#ifdef DLT_IPNET
&& bdlp->bfl_list[i] != DLT_IPNET
#endif
) {
is_ethernet = 0;
break;
}
}
if (is_ethernet) {
/*
* We reserved one more slot at the end of
* the list.
*/
bdlp->bfl_list[bdlp->bfl_len] = DLT_DOCSIS;
bdlp->bfl_len++;
}
}
} else {
/*
* EINVAL just means "we don't support this ioctl on
* this device"; don't treat it as an error.
*/
if (errno != EINVAL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGDLTLIST");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
return (0);
}
#endif
static int
pcap_can_set_rfmon_bpf(pcap_t *p)
{
#if defined(__APPLE__)
struct utsname osinfo;
struct ifreq ifr;
int fd;
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
struct bpf_dltlist bdl;
#endif
/*
* The joys of monitor mode on Mac OS X/OS X/macOS.
*
* Prior to 10.4, it's not supported at all.
*
* In 10.4, if adapter enN supports monitor mode, there's a
* wltN adapter corresponding to it; you open it, instead of
* enN, to get monitor mode. You get whatever link-layer
* headers it supplies.
*
* In 10.5, and, we assume, later releases, if adapter enN
* supports monitor mode, it offers, among its selectable
* DLT_ values, values that let you get the 802.11 header;
* selecting one of those values puts the adapter into monitor
* mode (i.e., you can't get 802.11 headers except in monitor
* mode, and you can't get Ethernet headers in monitor mode).
*/
if (uname(&osinfo) == -1) {
/*
* Can't get the OS version; just say "no".
*/
return (0);
}
/*
* We assume osinfo.sysname is "Darwin", because
* __APPLE__ is defined. We just check the version.
*/
if (osinfo.release[0] < '8' && osinfo.release[1] == '.') {
/*
* 10.3 (Darwin 7.x) or earlier.
* Monitor mode not supported.
*/
return (0);
}
if (osinfo.release[0] == '8' && osinfo.release[1] == '.') {
/*
* 10.4 (Darwin 8.x). s/en/wlt/, and check
* whether the device exists.
*/
if (strncmp(p->opt.device, "en", 2) != 0) {
/*
* Not an enN device; no monitor mode.
*/
return (0);
}
fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (fd == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "socket");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
strlcpy(ifr.ifr_name, "wlt", sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
strlcat(ifr.ifr_name, p->opt.device + 2, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if (ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFFLAGS, (char *)&ifr) < 0) {
/*
* No such device?
*/
close(fd);
return (0);
}
close(fd);
return (1);
}
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
/*
* Everything else is 10.5 or later; for those,
* we just open the enN device, and check whether
* we have any 802.11 devices.
*
* First, open a BPF device.
*/
fd = bpf_open(p->errbuf);
if (fd < 0)
return (fd); /* fd is the appropriate error code */
/*
* Now bind to the device.
*/
(void)strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, p->opt.device, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) < 0) {
switch (errno) {
case ENXIO:
/*
* There's no such device.
*/
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE);
case ENETDOWN:
/*
* Return a "network down" indication, so that
* the application can report that rather than
* saying we had a mysterious failure and
* suggest that they report a problem to the
* libpcap developers.
*/
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR_IFACE_NOT_UP);
default:
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETIF: %s", p->opt.device);
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
/*
* We know the default link type -- now determine all the DLTs
* this interface supports. If this fails with EINVAL, it's
* not fatal; we just don't get to use the feature later.
* (We don't care about DLT_DOCSIS, so we pass DLT_NULL
* as the default DLT for this adapter.)
*/
if (get_dlt_list(fd, DLT_NULL, &bdl, p->errbuf) == PCAP_ERROR) {
close(fd);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
if (find_802_11(&bdl) != -1) {
/*
* We have an 802.11 DLT, so we can set monitor mode.
*/
free(bdl.bfl_list);
close(fd);
return (1);
}
free(bdl.bfl_list);
close(fd);
#endif /* BIOCGDLTLIST */
return (0);
#elif defined(HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211)
int ret;
ret = monitor_mode(p, 0);
if (ret == PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP)
return (0); /* not an error, just a "can't do" */
if (ret == 0)
return (1); /* success */
return (ret);
#else
return (0);
#endif
}
static int
pcap_stats_bpf(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_stat *ps)
{
struct bpf_stat s;
/*
* "ps_recv" counts packets handed to the filter, not packets
* that passed the filter. This includes packets later dropped
* because we ran out of buffer space.
*
* "ps_drop" counts packets dropped inside the BPF device
* because we ran out of buffer space. It doesn't count
* packets dropped by the interface driver. It counts
* only packets that passed the filter.
*
* Both statistics include packets not yet read from the kernel
* by libpcap, and thus not yet seen by the application.
*/
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCGSTATS, (caddr_t)&s) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGSTATS");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
ps->ps_recv = s.bs_recv;
ps->ps_drop = s.bs_drop;
ps->ps_ifdrop = 0;
return (0);
}
static int
pcap_read_bpf(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
int cc;
int n = 0;
register u_char *bp, *ep;
u_char *datap;
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
register u_int pad;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
int i;
#endif
again:
/*
* Has "pcap_breakloop()" been called?
*/
if (p->break_loop) {
/*
* Yes - clear the flag that indicates that it
* has, and return PCAP_ERROR_BREAK to indicate
* that we were told to break out of the loop.
*/
p->break_loop = 0;
return (PCAP_ERROR_BREAK);
}
cc = p->cc;
if (p->cc == 0) {
/*
* When reading without zero-copy from a file descriptor, we
* use a single buffer and return a length of data in the
* buffer. With zero-copy, we update the p->buffer pointer
* to point at whatever underlying buffer contains the next
* data and update cc to reflect the data found in the
* buffer.
*/
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
if (pb->zerocopy) {
if (p->buffer != NULL)
pcap_ack_zbuf(p);
i = pcap_next_zbuf(p, &cc);
if (i == 0)
goto again;
if (i < 0)
return (PCAP_ERROR);
} else
#endif
{
cc = read(p->fd, p->buffer, p->bufsize);
}
if (cc < 0) {
/* Don't choke when we get ptraced */
switch (errno) {
case EINTR:
goto again;
#ifdef _AIX
case EFAULT:
/*
* Sigh. More AIX wonderfulness.
*
* For some unknown reason the uiomove()
* operation in the bpf kernel extension
* used to copy the buffer into user
* space sometimes returns EFAULT. I have
* no idea why this is the case given that
* a kernel debugger shows the user buffer
* is correct. This problem appears to
* be mostly mitigated by the memset of
* the buffer before it is first used.
* Very strange.... Shaun Clowes
*
* In any case this means that we shouldn't
* treat EFAULT as a fatal error; as we
* don't have an API for returning
* a "some packets were dropped since
* the last packet you saw" indication,
* we just ignore EFAULT and keep reading.
*/
goto again;
#endif
case EWOULDBLOCK:
return (0);
case ENXIO:
/*
* The device on which we're capturing
* went away.
*
* XXX - we should really return
* PCAP_ERROR_IFACE_NOT_UP, but
* pcap_dispatch() etc. aren't
* defined to retur that.
*/
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"The interface went down");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
#if defined(sun) && !defined(BSD) && !defined(__svr4__) && !defined(__SVR4)
/*
* Due to a SunOS bug, after 2^31 bytes, the kernel
* file offset overflows and read fails with EINVAL.
* The lseek() to 0 will fix things.
*/
case EINVAL:
if (lseek(p->fd, 0L, SEEK_CUR) +
p->bufsize < 0) {
(void)lseek(p->fd, 0L, SEEK_SET);
goto again;
}
/* fall through */
#endif
}
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "read");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
bp = (u_char *)p->buffer;
} else
bp = p->bp;
/*
* Loop through each packet.
*/
#ifdef BIOCSTSTAMP
#define bhp ((struct bpf_xhdr *)bp)
#else
#define bhp ((struct bpf_hdr *)bp)
#endif
ep = bp + cc;
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
pad = p->fddipad;
#endif
while (bp < ep) {
register u_int caplen, hdrlen;
/*
* Has "pcap_breakloop()" been called?
* If so, return immediately - if we haven't read any
* packets, clear the flag and return PCAP_ERROR_BREAK
* to indicate that we were told to break out of the loop,
* otherwise leave the flag set, so that the *next* call
* will break out of the loop without having read any
* packets, and return the number of packets we've
* processed so far.
*/
if (p->break_loop) {
p->bp = bp;
p->cc = ep - bp;
/*
* ep is set based on the return value of read(),
* but read() from a BPF device doesn't necessarily
* return a value that's a multiple of the alignment
* value for BPF_WORDALIGN(). However, whenever we
* increment bp, we round up the increment value by
* a value rounded up by BPF_WORDALIGN(), so we
* could increment bp past ep after processing the
* last packet in the buffer.
*
* We treat ep < bp as an indication that this
* happened, and just set p->cc to 0.
*/
if (p->cc < 0)
p->cc = 0;
if (n == 0) {
p->break_loop = 0;
return (PCAP_ERROR_BREAK);
} else
return (n);
}
caplen = bhp->bh_caplen;
hdrlen = bhp->bh_hdrlen;
datap = bp + hdrlen;
/*
* Short-circuit evaluation: if using BPF filter
* in kernel, no need to do it now - we already know
* the packet passed the filter.
*
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
* Note: the filter code was generated assuming
* that p->fddipad was the amount of padding
* before the header, as that's what's required
* in the kernel, so we run the filter before
* skipping that padding.
#endif
*/
if (pb->filtering_in_kernel ||
bpf_filter(p->fcode.bf_insns, datap, bhp->bh_datalen, caplen)) {
struct pcap_pkthdr pkthdr;
#ifdef BIOCSTSTAMP
struct bintime bt;
bt.sec = bhp->bh_tstamp.bt_sec;
bt.frac = bhp->bh_tstamp.bt_frac;
if (p->opt.tstamp_precision == PCAP_TSTAMP_PRECISION_NANO) {
struct timespec ts;
bintime2timespec(&bt, &ts);
pkthdr.ts.tv_sec = ts.tv_sec;
pkthdr.ts.tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec;
} else {
struct timeval tv;
bintime2timeval(&bt, &tv);
pkthdr.ts.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec;
pkthdr.ts.tv_usec = tv.tv_usec;
}
#else
pkthdr.ts.tv_sec = bhp->bh_tstamp.tv_sec;
#ifdef _AIX
/*
* AIX's BPF returns seconds/nanoseconds time
* stamps, not seconds/microseconds time stamps.
*/
pkthdr.ts.tv_usec = bhp->bh_tstamp.tv_usec/1000;
#else
pkthdr.ts.tv_usec = bhp->bh_tstamp.tv_usec;
#endif
#endif /* BIOCSTSTAMP */
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
if (caplen > pad)
pkthdr.caplen = caplen - pad;
else
pkthdr.caplen = 0;
if (bhp->bh_datalen > pad)
pkthdr.len = bhp->bh_datalen - pad;
else
pkthdr.len = 0;
datap += pad;
#else
pkthdr.caplen = caplen;
pkthdr.len = bhp->bh_datalen;
#endif
(*callback)(user, &pkthdr, datap);
bp += BPF_WORDALIGN(caplen + hdrlen);
if (++n >= cnt && !PACKET_COUNT_IS_UNLIMITED(cnt)) {
p->bp = bp;
p->cc = ep - bp;
/*
* See comment above about p->cc < 0.
*/
if (p->cc < 0)
p->cc = 0;
return (n);
}
} else {
/*
* Skip this packet.
*/
bp += BPF_WORDALIGN(caplen + hdrlen);
}
}
#undef bhp
p->cc = 0;
return (n);
}
static int
pcap_inject_bpf(pcap_t *p, const void *buf, size_t size)
{
int ret;
ret = write(p->fd, buf, size);
#ifdef __APPLE__
if (ret == -1 && errno == EAFNOSUPPORT) {
/*
* In some versions of macOS, there's a bug wherein setting
* the BIOCSHDRCMPLT flag causes writes to fail; see, for
* example:
*
* http://cerberus.sourcefire.com/~jeff/archives/patches/macosx/BIOCSHDRCMPLT-10.3.3.patch
*
* So, if, on macOS, we get EAFNOSUPPORT from the write, we
* assume it's due to that bug, and turn off that flag
* and try again. If we succeed, it either means that
* somebody applied the fix from that URL, or other patches
* for that bug from
*
* http://cerberus.sourcefire.com/~jeff/archives/patches/macosx/
*
* and are running a Darwin kernel with those fixes, or
* that Apple fixed the problem in some macOS release.
*/
u_int spoof_eth_src = 0;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSHDRCMPLT, &spoof_eth_src) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "send: can't turn off BIOCSHDRCMPLT");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
/*
* Now try the write again.
*/
ret = write(p->fd, buf, size);
}
#endif /* __APPLE__ */
if (ret == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "send");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
return (ret);
}
#ifdef _AIX
static int
bpf_odminit(char *errbuf)
{
char *errstr;
if (odm_initialize() == -1) {
if (odm_err_msg(odmerrno, &errstr) == -1)
errstr = "Unknown error";
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"bpf_load: odm_initialize failed: %s",
errstr);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
if ((odmlockid = odm_lock("/etc/objrepos/config_lock", ODM_WAIT)) == -1) {
if (odm_err_msg(odmerrno, &errstr) == -1)
errstr = "Unknown error";
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"bpf_load: odm_lock of /etc/objrepos/config_lock failed: %s",
errstr);
(void)odm_terminate();
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
return (0);
}
static int
bpf_odmcleanup(char *errbuf)
{
char *errstr;
if (odm_unlock(odmlockid) == -1) {
if (errbuf != NULL) {
if (odm_err_msg(odmerrno, &errstr) == -1)
errstr = "Unknown error";
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"bpf_load: odm_unlock failed: %s",
errstr);
}
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
if (odm_terminate() == -1) {
if (errbuf != NULL) {
if (odm_err_msg(odmerrno, &errstr) == -1)
errstr = "Unknown error";
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"bpf_load: odm_terminate failed: %s",
errstr);
}
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
return (0);
}
static int
bpf_load(char *errbuf)
{
long major;
int *minors;
int numminors, i, rc;
char buf[1024];
struct stat sbuf;
struct bpf_config cfg_bpf;
struct cfg_load cfg_ld;
struct cfg_kmod cfg_km;
/*
* This is very very close to what happens in the real implementation
* but I've fixed some (unlikely) bug situations.
*/
if (bpfloadedflag)
return (0);
if (bpf_odminit(errbuf) == PCAP_ERROR)
return (PCAP_ERROR);
major = genmajor(BPF_NAME);
if (major == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "bpf_load: genmajor failed");
(void)bpf_odmcleanup(NULL);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
minors = getminor(major, &numminors, BPF_NAME);
if (!minors) {
minors = genminor("bpf", major, 0, BPF_MINORS, 1, 1);
if (!minors) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "bpf_load: genminor failed");
(void)bpf_odmcleanup(NULL);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
if (bpf_odmcleanup(errbuf) == PCAP_ERROR)
return (PCAP_ERROR);
rc = stat(BPF_NODE "0", &sbuf);
if (rc == -1 && errno != ENOENT) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "bpf_load: can't stat %s", BPF_NODE "0");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
if (rc == -1 || getmajor(sbuf.st_rdev) != major) {
for (i = 0; i < BPF_MINORS; i++) {
pcap_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s%d", BPF_NODE, i);
unlink(buf);
if (mknod(buf, S_IRUSR | S_IFCHR, domakedev(major, i)) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"bpf_load: can't mknod %s", buf);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
}
/* Check if the driver is loaded */
memset(&cfg_ld, 0x0, sizeof(cfg_ld));
cfg_ld.path = buf;
pcap_snprintf(cfg_ld.path, sizeof(cfg_ld.path), "%s/%s", DRIVER_PATH, BPF_NAME);
if ((sysconfig(SYS_QUERYLOAD, (void *)&cfg_ld, sizeof(cfg_ld)) == -1) ||
(cfg_ld.kmid == 0)) {
/* Driver isn't loaded, load it now */
if (sysconfig(SYS_SINGLELOAD, (void *)&cfg_ld, sizeof(cfg_ld)) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "bpf_load: could not load driver");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
/* Configure the driver */
cfg_km.cmd = CFG_INIT;
cfg_km.kmid = cfg_ld.kmid;
cfg_km.mdilen = sizeof(cfg_bpf);
cfg_km.mdiptr = (void *)&cfg_bpf;
for (i = 0; i < BPF_MINORS; i++) {
cfg_bpf.devno = domakedev(major, i);
if (sysconfig(SYS_CFGKMOD, (void *)&cfg_km, sizeof(cfg_km)) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "bpf_load: could not configure driver");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
bpfloadedflag = 1;
return (0);
}
#endif
/*
* Undo any operations done when opening the device when necessary.
*/
static void
pcap_cleanup_bpf(pcap_t *p)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
#ifdef HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
int sock;
struct ifmediareq req;
struct ifreq ifr;
#endif
if (pb->must_do_on_close != 0) {
/*
* There's something we have to do when closing this
* pcap_t.
*/
#ifdef HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
if (pb->must_do_on_close & MUST_CLEAR_RFMON) {
/*
* We put the interface into rfmon mode;
* take it out of rfmon mode.
*
* XXX - if somebody else wants it in rfmon
* mode, this code cannot know that, so it'll take
* it out of rfmon mode.
*/
sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (sock == -1) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Can't restore interface flags (socket() failed: %s).\n"
"Please adjust manually.\n",
strerror(errno));
} else {
memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
strncpy(req.ifm_name, pb->device,
sizeof(req.ifm_name));
if (ioctl(sock, SIOCGIFMEDIA, &req) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Can't restore interface flags (SIOCGIFMEDIA failed: %s).\n"
"Please adjust manually.\n",
strerror(errno));
} else {
if (req.ifm_current & IFM_IEEE80211_MONITOR) {
/*
* Rfmon mode is currently on;
* turn it off.
*/
memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
(void)strncpy(ifr.ifr_name,
pb->device,
sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
ifr.ifr_media =
req.ifm_current & ~IFM_IEEE80211_MONITOR;
if (ioctl(sock, SIOCSIFMEDIA,
&ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Can't restore interface flags (SIOCSIFMEDIA failed: %s).\n"
"Please adjust manually.\n",
strerror(errno));
}
}
}
close(sock);
}
}
#endif /* HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211 */
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2)
/*
* Attempt to destroy the usbusN interface that we created.
*/
if (pb->must_do_on_close & MUST_DESTROY_USBUS) {
if (if_nametoindex(pb->device) > 0) {
int s;
s = socket(AF_LOCAL, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (s >= 0) {
strlcpy(ifr.ifr_name, pb->device,
sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
ioctl(s, SIOCIFDESTROY, &ifr);
close(s);
}
}
}
#endif /* defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2) */
/*
* Take this pcap out of the list of pcaps for which we
* have to take the interface out of some mode.
*/
pcap_remove_from_pcaps_to_close(p);
pb->must_do_on_close = 0;
}
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
if (pb->zerocopy) {
/*
* Delete the mappings. Note that p->buffer gets
* initialized to one of the mmapped regions in
* this case, so do not try and free it directly;
* null it out so that pcap_cleanup_live_common()
* doesn't try to free it.
*/
if (pb->zbuf1 != MAP_FAILED && pb->zbuf1 != NULL)
(void) munmap(pb->zbuf1, pb->zbufsize);
if (pb->zbuf2 != MAP_FAILED && pb->zbuf2 != NULL)
(void) munmap(pb->zbuf2, pb->zbufsize);
p->buffer = NULL;
}
#endif
if (pb->device != NULL) {
free(pb->device);
pb->device = NULL;
}
pcap_cleanup_live_common(p);
}
static int
check_setif_failure(pcap_t *p, int error)
{
#ifdef __APPLE__
int fd;
struct ifreq ifr;
int err;
#endif
if (error == ENXIO) {
/*
* No such device exists.
*/
#ifdef __APPLE__
if (p->opt.rfmon && strncmp(p->opt.device, "wlt", 3) == 0) {
/*
* Monitor mode was requested, and we're trying
* to open a "wltN" device. Assume that this
* is 10.4 and that we were asked to open an
* "enN" device; if that device exists, return
* "monitor mode not supported on the device".
*/
fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (fd != -1) {
strlcpy(ifr.ifr_name, "en",
sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
strlcat(ifr.ifr_name, p->opt.device + 3,
sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if (ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFFLAGS, (char *)&ifr) < 0) {
/*
* We assume this failed because
* the underlying device doesn't
* exist.
*/
err = PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"SIOCGIFFLAGS on %s failed",
ifr.ifr_name);
} else {
/*
* The underlying "enN" device
* exists, but there's no
* corresponding "wltN" device;
* that means that the "enN"
* device doesn't support
* monitor mode, probably because
* it's an Ethernet device rather
* than a wireless device.
*/
err = PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP;
}
close(fd);
} else {
/*
* We can't find out whether there's
* an underlying "enN" device, so
* just report "no such device".
*/
err = PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
errno, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"socket() failed");
}
return (err);
}
#endif
/*
* No such device.
*/
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETIF failed");
return (PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE);
} else if (errno == ENETDOWN) {
/*
* Return a "network down" indication, so that
* the application can report that rather than
* saying we had a mysterious failure and
* suggest that they report a problem to the
* libpcap developers.
*/
return (PCAP_ERROR_IFACE_NOT_UP);
} else {
/*
* Some other error; fill in the error string, and
* return PCAP_ERROR.
*/
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETIF: %s", p->opt.device);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
/*
* Default capture buffer size.
* 32K isn't very much for modern machines with fast networks; we
* pick .5M, as that's the maximum on at least some systems with BPF.
*
* However, on AIX 3.5, the larger buffer sized caused unrecoverable
* read failures under stress, so we leave it as 32K; yet another
* place where AIX's BPF is broken.
*/
#ifdef _AIX
#define DEFAULT_BUFSIZE 32768
#else
#define DEFAULT_BUFSIZE 524288
#endif
static int
pcap_activate_bpf(pcap_t *p)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
int status = 0;
#ifdef HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
int retv;
#endif
int fd;
#ifdef LIFNAMSIZ
char *zonesep;
struct lifreq ifr;
char *ifrname = ifr.lifr_name;
const size_t ifnamsiz = sizeof(ifr.lifr_name);
#else
struct ifreq ifr;
char *ifrname = ifr.ifr_name;
const size_t ifnamsiz = sizeof(ifr.ifr_name);
#endif
struct bpf_version bv;
#ifdef __APPLE__
int sockfd;
char *wltdev = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
struct bpf_dltlist bdl;
#if defined(__APPLE__) || defined(HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211)
int new_dlt;
#endif
#endif /* BIOCGDLTLIST */
#if defined(BIOCGHDRCMPLT) && defined(BIOCSHDRCMPLT)
u_int spoof_eth_src = 1;
#endif
u_int v;
struct bpf_insn total_insn;
struct bpf_program total_prog;
struct utsname osinfo;
int have_osinfo = 0;
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
struct bpf_zbuf bz;
u_int bufmode, zbufmax;
#endif
fd = bpf_open(p->errbuf);
if (fd < 0) {
status = fd;
goto bad;
}
p->fd = fd;
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCVERSION, (caddr_t)&bv) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCVERSION");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
if (bv.bv_major != BPF_MAJOR_VERSION ||
bv.bv_minor < BPF_MINOR_VERSION) {
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"kernel bpf filter out of date");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Turn a negative snapshot value (invalid), a snapshot value of
* 0 (unspecified), or a value bigger than the normal maximum
* value, into the maximum allowed value.
*
* If some application really *needs* a bigger snapshot
* length, we should just increase MAXIMUM_SNAPLEN.
*/
if (p->snapshot <= 0 || p->snapshot > MAXIMUM_SNAPLEN)
p->snapshot = MAXIMUM_SNAPLEN;
#if defined(LIFNAMSIZ) && defined(ZONENAME_MAX) && defined(lifr_zoneid)
/*
* Retrieve the zoneid of the zone we are currently executing in.
*/
if ((ifr.lifr_zoneid = getzoneid()) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "getzoneid()");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Check if the given source datalink name has a '/' separated
* zonename prefix string. The zonename prefixed source datalink can
* be used by pcap consumers in the Solaris global zone to capture
* traffic on datalinks in non-global zones. Non-global zones
* do not have access to datalinks outside of their own namespace.
*/
if ((zonesep = strchr(p->opt.device, '/')) != NULL) {
char path_zname[ZONENAME_MAX];
int znamelen;
char *lnamep;
if (ifr.lifr_zoneid != GLOBAL_ZONEID) {
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"zonename/linkname only valid in global zone.");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
znamelen = zonesep - p->opt.device;
(void) strlcpy(path_zname, p->opt.device, znamelen + 1);
ifr.lifr_zoneid = getzoneidbyname(path_zname);
if (ifr.lifr_zoneid == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "getzoneidbyname(%s)", path_zname);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
lnamep = strdup(zonesep + 1);
if (lnamep == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "strdup");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
free(p->opt.device);
p->opt.device = lnamep;
}
#endif
pb->device = strdup(p->opt.device);
if (pb->device == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "strdup");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Attempt to find out the version of the OS on which we're running.
*/
if (uname(&osinfo) == 0)
have_osinfo = 1;
#ifdef __APPLE__
/*
* See comment in pcap_can_set_rfmon_bpf() for an explanation
* of why we check the version number.
*/
if (p->opt.rfmon) {
if (have_osinfo) {
/*
* We assume osinfo.sysname is "Darwin", because
* __APPLE__ is defined. We just check the version.
*/
if (osinfo.release[0] < '8' &&
osinfo.release[1] == '.') {
/*
* 10.3 (Darwin 7.x) or earlier.
*/
status = PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP;
goto bad;
}
if (osinfo.release[0] == '8' &&
osinfo.release[1] == '.') {
/*
* 10.4 (Darwin 8.x). s/en/wlt/
*/
if (strncmp(p->opt.device, "en", 2) != 0) {
/*
* Not an enN device; check
* whether the device even exists.
*/
sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (sockfd != -1) {
strlcpy(ifrname,
p->opt.device, ifnamsiz);
if (ioctl(sockfd, SIOCGIFFLAGS,
(char *)&ifr) < 0) {
/*
* We assume this
* failed because
* the underlying
* device doesn't
* exist.
*/
status = PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno,
"SIOCGIFFLAGS failed");
} else
status = PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP;
close(sockfd);
} else {
/*
* We can't find out whether
* the device exists, so just
* report "no such device".
*/
status = PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE;
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"socket() failed");
}
goto bad;
}
wltdev = malloc(strlen(p->opt.device) + 2);
if (wltdev == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"malloc");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
strcpy(wltdev, "wlt");
strcat(wltdev, p->opt.device + 2);
free(p->opt.device);
p->opt.device = wltdev;
}
/*
* Everything else is 10.5 or later; for those,
* we just open the enN device, and set the DLT.
*/
}
}
#endif /* __APPLE__ */
/*
* If this is FreeBSD, and the device name begins with "usbus",
* try to create the interface if it's not available.
*/
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2)
if (strncmp(p->opt.device, usbus_prefix, USBUS_PREFIX_LEN) == 0) {
/*
* Do we already have an interface with that name?
*/
if (if_nametoindex(p->opt.device) == 0) {
/*
* No. We need to create it, and, if we
* succeed, remember that we should destroy
* it when the pcap_t is closed.
*/
int s;
/*
* Open a socket to use for ioctls to
* create the interface.
*/
s = socket(AF_LOCAL, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (s < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"Can't open socket");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* If we haven't already done so, arrange to have
* "pcap_close_all()" called when we exit.
*/
if (!pcap_do_addexit(p)) {
/*
* "atexit()" failed; don't create the
* interface, just give up.
*/
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"atexit failed");
close(s);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Create the interface.
*/
strlcpy(ifr.ifr_name, p->opt.device, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if (ioctl(s, SIOCIFCREATE2, &ifr) < 0) {
if (errno == EINVAL) {
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"Invalid USB bus interface %s",
p->opt.device);
} else {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"Can't create interface for %s",
p->opt.device);
}
close(s);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Make sure we clean this up when we close.
*/
pb->must_do_on_close |= MUST_DESTROY_USBUS;
/*
* Add this to the list of pcaps to close when we exit.
*/
pcap_add_to_pcaps_to_close(p);
}
}
#endif /* defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2) */
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
/*
* If the BPF extension to set buffer mode is present, try setting
* the mode to zero-copy. If that fails, use regular buffering. If
* it succeeds but other setup fails, return an error to the user.
*/
bufmode = BPF_BUFMODE_ZBUF;
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETBUFMODE, (caddr_t)&bufmode) == 0) {
/*
* We have zerocopy BPF; use it.
*/
pb->zerocopy = 1;
/*
* How to pick a buffer size: first, query the maximum buffer
* size supported by zero-copy. This also lets us quickly
* determine whether the kernel generally supports zero-copy.
* Then, if a buffer size was specified, use that, otherwise
* query the default buffer size, which reflects kernel
* policy for a desired default. Round to the nearest page
* size.
*/
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCGETZMAX, (caddr_t)&zbufmax) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGETZMAX");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
if (p->opt.buffer_size != 0) {
/*
* A buffer size was explicitly specified; use it.
*/
v = p->opt.buffer_size;
} else {
if ((ioctl(fd, BIOCGBLEN, (caddr_t)&v) < 0) ||
v < DEFAULT_BUFSIZE)
v = DEFAULT_BUFSIZE;
}
#ifndef roundup
#define roundup(x, y) ((((x)+((y)-1))/(y))*(y)) /* to any y */
#endif
pb->zbufsize = roundup(v, getpagesize());
if (pb->zbufsize > zbufmax)
pb->zbufsize = zbufmax;
pb->zbuf1 = mmap(NULL, pb->zbufsize, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
pb->zbuf2 = mmap(NULL, pb->zbufsize, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
if (pb->zbuf1 == MAP_FAILED || pb->zbuf2 == MAP_FAILED) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "mmap");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
memset(&bz, 0, sizeof(bz)); /* bzero() deprecated, replaced with memset() */
bz.bz_bufa = pb->zbuf1;
bz.bz_bufb = pb->zbuf2;
bz.bz_buflen = pb->zbufsize;
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETZBUF, (caddr_t)&bz) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETZBUF");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
(void)strncpy(ifrname, p->opt.device, ifnamsiz);
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETIF: %s", p->opt.device);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
v = pb->zbufsize - sizeof(struct bpf_zbuf_header);
} else
#endif
{
/*
* We don't have zerocopy BPF.
* Set the buffer size.
*/
if (p->opt.buffer_size != 0) {
/*
* A buffer size was explicitly specified; use it.
*/
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSBLEN,
(caddr_t)&p->opt.buffer_size) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"BIOCSBLEN: %s", p->opt.device);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Now bind to the device.
*/
(void)strncpy(ifrname, p->opt.device, ifnamsiz);
#ifdef BIOCSETLIF
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETLIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) < 0)
#else
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) < 0)
#endif
{
status = check_setif_failure(p, errno);
goto bad;
}
} else {
/*
* No buffer size was explicitly specified.
*
* Try finding a good size for the buffer;
* DEFAULT_BUFSIZE may be too big, so keep
* cutting it in half until we find a size
* that works, or run out of sizes to try.
* If the default is larger, don't make it smaller.
*/
if ((ioctl(fd, BIOCGBLEN, (caddr_t)&v) < 0) ||
v < DEFAULT_BUFSIZE)
v = DEFAULT_BUFSIZE;
for ( ; v != 0; v >>= 1) {
/*
* Ignore the return value - this is because the
* call fails on BPF systems that don't have
* kernel malloc. And if the call fails, it's
* no big deal, we just continue to use the
* standard buffer size.
*/
(void) ioctl(fd, BIOCSBLEN, (caddr_t)&v);
(void)strncpy(ifrname, p->opt.device, ifnamsiz);
#ifdef BIOCSETLIF
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETLIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) >= 0)
#else
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSETIF, (caddr_t)&ifr) >= 0)
#endif
break; /* that size worked; we're done */
if (errno != ENOBUFS) {
status = check_setif_failure(p, errno);
goto bad;
}
}
if (v == 0) {
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"BIOCSBLEN: %s: No buffer size worked",
p->opt.device);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
}
}
/* Get the data link layer type. */
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCGDLT, (caddr_t)&v) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGDLT");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#ifdef _AIX
/*
* AIX's BPF returns IFF_ types, not DLT_ types, in BIOCGDLT.
*/
switch (v) {
case IFT_ETHER:
case IFT_ISO88023:
v = DLT_EN10MB;
break;
case IFT_FDDI:
v = DLT_FDDI;
break;
case IFT_ISO88025:
v = DLT_IEEE802;
break;
case IFT_LOOP:
v = DLT_NULL;
break;
default:
/*
* We don't know what to map this to yet.
*/
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "unknown interface type %u",
v);
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#endif
#if _BSDI_VERSION - 0 >= 199510
/* The SLIP and PPP link layer header changed in BSD/OS 2.1 */
switch (v) {
case DLT_SLIP:
v = DLT_SLIP_BSDOS;
break;
case DLT_PPP:
v = DLT_PPP_BSDOS;
break;
case 11: /*DLT_FR*/
v = DLT_FRELAY;
break;
case 12: /*DLT_C_HDLC*/
v = DLT_CHDLC;
break;
}
#endif
#ifdef BIOCGDLTLIST
/*
* We know the default link type -- now determine all the DLTs
* this interface supports. If this fails with EINVAL, it's
* not fatal; we just don't get to use the feature later.
*/
if (get_dlt_list(fd, v, &bdl, p->errbuf) == -1) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
p->dlt_count = bdl.bfl_len;
p->dlt_list = bdl.bfl_list;
#ifdef __APPLE__
/*
* Monitor mode fun, continued.
*
* For 10.5 and, we're assuming, later releases, as noted above,
* 802.1 adapters that support monitor mode offer both DLT_EN10MB,
* DLT_IEEE802_11, and possibly some 802.11-plus-radio-information
* DLT_ value. Choosing one of the 802.11 DLT_ values will turn
* monitor mode on.
*
* Therefore, if the user asked for monitor mode, we filter out
* the DLT_EN10MB value, as you can't get that in monitor mode,
* and, if the user didn't ask for monitor mode, we filter out
* the 802.11 DLT_ values, because selecting those will turn
* monitor mode on. Then, for monitor mode, if an 802.11-plus-
* radio DLT_ value is offered, we try to select that, otherwise
* we try to select DLT_IEEE802_11.
*/
if (have_osinfo) {
if (isdigit((unsigned)osinfo.release[0]) &&
(osinfo.release[0] == '9' ||
isdigit((unsigned)osinfo.release[1]))) {
/*
* 10.5 (Darwin 9.x), or later.
*/
new_dlt = find_802_11(&bdl);
if (new_dlt != -1) {
/*
* We have at least one 802.11 DLT_ value,
* so this is an 802.11 interface.
* new_dlt is the best of the 802.11
* DLT_ values in the list.
*/
if (p->opt.rfmon) {
/*
* Our caller wants monitor mode.
* Purge DLT_EN10MB from the list
* of link-layer types, as selecting
* it will keep monitor mode off.
*/
remove_en(p);
/*
* If the new mode we want isn't
* the default mode, attempt to
* select the new mode.
*/
if ((u_int)new_dlt != v) {
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSDLT,
&new_dlt) != -1) {
/*
* We succeeded;
* make this the
* new DLT_ value.
*/
v = new_dlt;
}
}
} else {
/*
* Our caller doesn't want
* monitor mode. Unless this
* is being done by pcap_open_live(),
* purge the 802.11 link-layer types
* from the list, as selecting
* one of them will turn monitor
* mode on.
*/
if (!p->oldstyle)
remove_802_11(p);
}
} else {
if (p->opt.rfmon) {
/*
* The caller requested monitor
* mode, but we have no 802.11
* link-layer types, so they
* can't have it.
*/
status = PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP;
goto bad;
}
}
}
}
#elif defined(HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211)
/*
* *BSD with the new 802.11 ioctls.
* Do we want monitor mode?
*/
if (p->opt.rfmon) {
/*
* Try to put the interface into monitor mode.
*/
retv = monitor_mode(p, 1);
if (retv != 0) {
/*
* We failed.
*/
status = retv;
goto bad;
}
/*
* We're in monitor mode.
* Try to find the best 802.11 DLT_ value and, if we
* succeed, try to switch to that mode if we're not
* already in that mode.
*/
new_dlt = find_802_11(&bdl);
if (new_dlt != -1) {
/*
* We have at least one 802.11 DLT_ value.
* new_dlt is the best of the 802.11
* DLT_ values in the list.
*
* If the new mode we want isn't the default mode,
* attempt to select the new mode.
*/
if ((u_int)new_dlt != v) {
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSDLT, &new_dlt) != -1) {
/*
* We succeeded; make this the
* new DLT_ value.
*/
v = new_dlt;
}
}
}
}
#endif /* various platforms */
#endif /* BIOCGDLTLIST */
/*
* If this is an Ethernet device, and we don't have a DLT_ list,
* give it a list with DLT_EN10MB and DLT_DOCSIS. (That'd give
* 802.11 interfaces DLT_DOCSIS, which isn't the right thing to
* do, but there's not much we can do about that without finding
* some other way of determining whether it's an Ethernet or 802.11
* device.)
*/
if (v == DLT_EN10MB && p->dlt_count == 0) {
p->dlt_list = (u_int *) malloc(sizeof(u_int) * 2);
/*
* If that fails, just leave the list empty.
*/
if (p->dlt_list != NULL) {
p->dlt_list[0] = DLT_EN10MB;
p->dlt_list[1] = DLT_DOCSIS;
p->dlt_count = 2;
}
}
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
if (v == DLT_FDDI)
p->fddipad = PCAP_FDDIPAD;
else
#endif
p->fddipad = 0;
p->linktype = v;
#if defined(BIOCGHDRCMPLT) && defined(BIOCSHDRCMPLT)
/*
* Do a BIOCSHDRCMPLT, if defined, to turn that flag on, so
* the link-layer source address isn't forcibly overwritten.
* (Should we ignore errors? Should we do this only if
* we're open for writing?)
*
* XXX - I seem to remember some packet-sending bug in some
* BSDs - check CVS log for "bpf.c"?
*/
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCSHDRCMPLT, &spoof_eth_src) == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSHDRCMPLT");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#endif
/* set timeout */
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
/*
* In zero-copy mode, we just use the timeout in select().
* XXX - what if we're in non-blocking mode and the *application*
* is using select() or poll() or kqueues or....?
*/
if (p->opt.timeout && !pb->zerocopy) {
#else
if (p->opt.timeout) {
#endif
/*
* XXX - is this seconds/nanoseconds in AIX?
* (Treating it as such doesn't fix the timeout
* problem described below.)
*
* XXX - Mac OS X 10.6 mishandles BIOCSRTIMEOUT in
* 64-bit userland - it takes, as an argument, a
* "struct BPF_TIMEVAL", which has 32-bit tv_sec
* and tv_usec, rather than a "struct timeval".
*
* If this platform defines "struct BPF_TIMEVAL",
* we check whether the structure size in BIOCSRTIMEOUT
* is that of a "struct timeval" and, if not, we use
* a "struct BPF_TIMEVAL" rather than a "struct timeval".
* (That way, if the bug is fixed in a future release,
* we will still do the right thing.)
*/
struct timeval to;
#ifdef HAVE_STRUCT_BPF_TIMEVAL
struct BPF_TIMEVAL bpf_to;
if (IOCPARM_LEN(BIOCSRTIMEOUT) != sizeof(struct timeval)) {
bpf_to.tv_sec = p->opt.timeout / 1000;
bpf_to.tv_usec = (p->opt.timeout * 1000) % 1000000;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSRTIMEOUT, (caddr_t)&bpf_to) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
errno, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "BIOCSRTIMEOUT");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
} else {
#endif
to.tv_sec = p->opt.timeout / 1000;
to.tv_usec = (p->opt.timeout * 1000) % 1000000;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSRTIMEOUT, (caddr_t)&to) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf,
errno, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "BIOCSRTIMEOUT");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#ifdef HAVE_STRUCT_BPF_TIMEVAL
}
#endif
}
#ifdef BIOCIMMEDIATE
/*
* Darren Reed notes that
*
* On AIX (4.2 at least), if BIOCIMMEDIATE is not set, the
* timeout appears to be ignored and it waits until the buffer
* is filled before returning. The result of not having it
* set is almost worse than useless if your BPF filter
* is reducing things to only a few packets (i.e. one every
* second or so).
*
* so we always turn BIOCIMMEDIATE mode on if this is AIX.
*
* For other platforms, we don't turn immediate mode on by default,
* as that would mean we get woken up for every packet, which
* probably isn't what you want for a packet sniffer.
*
* We set immediate mode if the caller requested it by calling
* pcap_set_immediate() before calling pcap_activate().
*/
#ifndef _AIX
if (p->opt.immediate) {
#endif /* _AIX */
v = 1;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCIMMEDIATE, &v) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCIMMEDIATE");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#ifndef _AIX
}
#endif /* _AIX */
#else /* BIOCIMMEDIATE */
if (p->opt.immediate) {
/*
* We don't support immediate mode. Fail.
*/
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "Immediate mode not supported");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#endif /* BIOCIMMEDIATE */
if (p->opt.promisc) {
/* set promiscuous mode, just warn if it fails */
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCPROMISC, NULL) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCPROMISC");
status = PCAP_WARNING_PROMISC_NOTSUP;
}
}
#ifdef BIOCSTSTAMP
v = BPF_T_BINTIME;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSTSTAMP, &v) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSTSTAMP");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#endif /* BIOCSTSTAMP */
if (ioctl(fd, BIOCGBLEN, (caddr_t)&v) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCGBLEN");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
p->bufsize = v;
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
if (!pb->zerocopy) {
#endif
p->buffer = malloc(p->bufsize);
if (p->buffer == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "malloc");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
#ifdef _AIX
/* For some strange reason this seems to prevent the EFAULT
* problems we have experienced from AIX BPF. */
memset(p->buffer, 0x0, p->bufsize);
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ZEROCOPY_BPF
}
#endif
/*
* If there's no filter program installed, there's
* no indication to the kernel of what the snapshot
* length should be, so no snapshotting is done.
*
* Therefore, when we open the device, we install
* an "accept everything" filter with the specified
* snapshot length.
*/
total_insn.code = (u_short)(BPF_RET | BPF_K);
total_insn.jt = 0;
total_insn.jf = 0;
total_insn.k = p->snapshot;
total_prog.bf_len = 1;
total_prog.bf_insns = &total_insn;
if (ioctl(p->fd, BIOCSETF, (caddr_t)&total_prog) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "BIOCSETF");
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* On most BPF platforms, either you can do a "select()" or
* "poll()" on a BPF file descriptor and it works correctly,
* or you can do it and it will return "readable" if the
* hold buffer is full but not if the timeout expires *and*
* a non-blocking read will, if the hold buffer is empty
* but the store buffer isn't empty, rotate the buffers
* and return what packets are available.
*
* In the latter case, the fact that a non-blocking read
* will give you the available packets means you can work
* around the failure of "select()" and "poll()" to wake up
* and return "readable" when the timeout expires by using
* the timeout as the "select()" or "poll()" timeout, putting
* the BPF descriptor into non-blocking mode, and read from
* it regardless of whether "select()" reports it as readable
* or not.
*
* However, in FreeBSD 4.3 and 4.4, "select()" and "poll()"
* won't wake up and return "readable" if the timer expires
* and non-blocking reads return EWOULDBLOCK if the hold
* buffer is empty, even if the store buffer is non-empty.
*
* This means the workaround in question won't work.
*
* Therefore, on FreeBSD 4.3 and 4.4, we set "p->selectable_fd"
* to -1, which means "sorry, you can't use 'select()' or 'poll()'
* here". On all other BPF platforms, we set it to the FD for
* the BPF device; in NetBSD, OpenBSD, and Darwin, a non-blocking
* read will, if the hold buffer is empty and the store buffer
* isn't empty, rotate the buffers and return what packets are
* there (and in sufficiently recent versions of OpenBSD
* "select()" and "poll()" should work correctly).
*
* XXX - what about AIX?
*/
p->selectable_fd = p->fd; /* assume select() works until we know otherwise */
if (have_osinfo) {
/*
* We can check what OS this is.
*/
if (strcmp(osinfo.sysname, "FreeBSD") == 0) {
if (strncmp(osinfo.release, "4.3-", 4) == 0 ||
strncmp(osinfo.release, "4.4-", 4) == 0)
p->selectable_fd = -1;
}
}
p->read_op = pcap_read_bpf;
p->inject_op = pcap_inject_bpf;
p->setfilter_op = pcap_setfilter_bpf;
p->setdirection_op = pcap_setdirection_bpf;
p->set_datalink_op = pcap_set_datalink_bpf;
p->getnonblock_op = pcap_getnonblock_bpf;
p->setnonblock_op = pcap_setnonblock_bpf;
p->stats_op = pcap_stats_bpf;
p->cleanup_op = pcap_cleanup_bpf;
return (status);
bad:
pcap_cleanup_bpf(p);
return (status);
}
/*
* Not all interfaces can be bound to by BPF, so try to bind to
* the specified interface; return 0 if we fail with
* PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE (which means we got an ENXIO when we tried
* to bind, which means this interface isn't in the list of interfaces
* attached to BPF) and 1 otherwise.
*/
static int
check_bpf_bindable(const char *name)
{
int fd;
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
/*
* On macOS, we don't do this check if the device name begins
* with "wlt"; at least some versions of macOS (actually, it
* was called "Mac OS X" then...) offer monitor mode capturing
* by having a separate "monitor mode" device for each wireless
* adapter, rather than by implementing the ioctls that
* {Free,Net,Open,DragonFly}BSD provide. Opening that device
* puts the adapter into monitor mode, which, at least for
* some adapters, causes them to deassociate from the network
* with which they're associated.
*
* Instead, we try to open the corresponding "en" device (so
* that we don't end up with, for users without sufficient
* privilege to open capture devices, a list of adapters that
* only includes the wlt devices).
*/
#ifdef __APPLE__
if (strncmp(name, "wlt", 3) == 0) {
char *en_name;
size_t en_name_len;
/*
* Try to allocate a buffer for the "en"
* device's name.
*/
en_name_len = strlen(name) - 1;
en_name = malloc(en_name_len + 1);
if (en_name == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "malloc");
return (-1);
}
strcpy(en_name, "en");
strcat(en_name, name + 3);
fd = bpf_open_and_bind(en_name, errbuf);
free(en_name);
} else
#endif /* __APPLE */
fd = bpf_open_and_bind(name, errbuf);
if (fd < 0) {
/*
* Error - was it PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE?
*/
if (fd == PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE) {
/*
* Yes, so we can't bind to this because it's
* not something supported by BPF.
*/
return (0);
}
/*
* No, so we don't know whether it's supported or not;
* say it is, so that the user can at least try to
* open it and report the error (which is probably
* "you don't have permission to open BPF devices";
* reporting those interfaces means users will ask
* "why am I getting a permissions error when I try
* to capture" rather than "why am I not seeing any
* interfaces", making the underlying problem clearer).
*/
return (1);
}
/*
* Success.
*/
close(fd);
return (1);
}
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2)
static int
get_usb_if_flags(const char *name _U_, bpf_u_int32 *flags _U_, char *errbuf _U_)
{
/*
* XXX - if there's a way to determine whether there's something
* plugged into a given USB bus, use that to determine whether
* this device is "connected" or not.
*/
return (0);
}
static int
finddevs_usb(pcap_if_list_t *devlistp, char *errbuf)
{
DIR *usbdir;
struct dirent *usbitem;
size_t name_max;
char *name;
/*
* We might have USB sniffing support, so try looking for USB
* interfaces.
*
* We want to report a usbusN device for each USB bus, but
* usbusN interfaces might, or might not, exist for them -
* we create one if there isn't already one.
*
* So, instead, we look in /dev/usb for all buses and create
* a "usbusN" device for each one.
*/
usbdir = opendir("/dev/usb");
if (usbdir == NULL) {
/*
* Just punt.
*/
return (0);
}
/*
* Leave enough room for a 32-bit (10-digit) bus number.
* Yes, that's overkill, but we won't be using
* the buffer very long.
*/
name_max = USBUS_PREFIX_LEN + 10 + 1;
name = malloc(name_max);
if (name == NULL) {
closedir(usbdir);
return (0);
}
while ((usbitem = readdir(usbdir)) != NULL) {
char *p;
size_t busnumlen;
if (strcmp(usbitem->d_name, ".") == 0 ||
strcmp(usbitem->d_name, "..") == 0) {
/*
* Ignore these.
*/
continue;
}
p = strchr(usbitem->d_name, '.');
if (p == NULL)
continue;
busnumlen = p - usbitem->d_name;
memcpy(name, usbus_prefix, USBUS_PREFIX_LEN);
memcpy(name + USBUS_PREFIX_LEN, usbitem->d_name, busnumlen);
*(name + USBUS_PREFIX_LEN + busnumlen) = '\0';
/*
* There's an entry in this directory for every USB device,
* not for every bus; if there's more than one device on
* the bus, there'll be more than one entry for that bus,
* so we need to avoid adding multiple capture devices
* for each bus.
*/
if (find_or_add_dev(devlistp, name, PCAP_IF_UP,
get_usb_if_flags, NULL, errbuf) == NULL) {
free(name);
closedir(usbdir);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
free(name);
closedir(usbdir);
return (0);
}
#endif
/*
* Get additional flags for a device, using SIOCGIFMEDIA.
*/
#ifdef SIOCGIFMEDIA
static int
get_if_flags(const char *name, bpf_u_int32 *flags, char *errbuf)
{
int sock;
struct ifmediareq req;
sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (sock == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"Can't create socket to get media information for %s",
name);
return (-1);
}
memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
strncpy(req.ifm_name, name, sizeof(req.ifm_name));
if (ioctl(sock, SIOCGIFMEDIA, &req) < 0) {
if (errno == EOPNOTSUPP || errno == EINVAL || errno == ENOTTY ||
errno == ENODEV) {
/*
* Not supported, so we can't provide any
* additional information. Assume that
* this means that "connected" vs.
* "disconnected" doesn't apply.
*/
*flags |= PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_NOT_APPLICABLE;
close(sock);
return (0);
}
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, errno,
"SIOCGIFMEDIA on %s failed", name);
close(sock);
return (-1);
}
close(sock);
/*
* OK, what type of network is this?
*/
switch (IFM_TYPE(req.ifm_active)) {
case IFM_IEEE80211:
/*
* Wireless.
*/
*flags |= PCAP_IF_WIRELESS;
break;
}
/*
* Do we know whether it's connected?
*/
if (req.ifm_status & IFM_AVALID) {
/*
* Yes.
*/
if (req.ifm_status & IFM_ACTIVE) {
/*
* It's connected.
*/
*flags |= PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_CONNECTED;
} else {
/*
* It's disconnected.
*/
*flags |= PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_DISCONNECTED;
}
}
return (0);
}
#else
static int
get_if_flags(const char *name _U_, bpf_u_int32 *flags _U_, char *errbuf _U_)
{
/*
* Nothing we can do other than mark loopback devices as "the
* connected/disconnected status doesn't apply".
*
* XXX - on Solaris, can we do what the dladm command does,
* i.e. get a connected/disconnected indication from a kstat?
* (Note that you can also get the link speed, and possibly
* other information, from a kstat as well.)
*/
if (*flags & PCAP_IF_LOOPBACK) {
/*
* Loopback devices aren't wireless, and "connected"/
* "disconnected" doesn't apply to them.
*/
*flags |= PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_NOT_APPLICABLE;
return (0);
}
return (0);
}
#endif
int
pcap_platform_finddevs(pcap_if_list_t *devlistp, char *errbuf)
{
/*
* Get the list of regular interfaces first.
*/
if (pcap_findalldevs_interfaces(devlistp, errbuf, check_bpf_bindable,
get_if_flags) == -1)
return (-1); /* failure */
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && defined(SIOCIFCREATE2)
if (finddevs_usb(devlistp, errbuf) == -1)
return (-1);
#endif
return (0);
}
#ifdef HAVE_BSD_IEEE80211
static int
monitor_mode(pcap_t *p, int set)
{
struct pcap_bpf *pb = p->priv;
int sock;
struct ifmediareq req;
IFM_ULIST_TYPE *media_list;
int i;
int can_do;
struct ifreq ifr;
sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (sock == -1) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "can't open socket");
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
memset(&req, 0, sizeof req);
strncpy(req.ifm_name, p->opt.device, sizeof req.ifm_name);
/*
* Find out how many media types we have.
*/
if (ioctl(sock, SIOCGIFMEDIA, &req) < 0) {
/*
* Can't get the media types.
*/
switch (errno) {
case ENXIO:
/*
* There's no such device.
*/
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE);
case EINVAL:
/*
* Interface doesn't support SIOC{G,S}IFMEDIA.
*/
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP);
default:
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "SIOCGIFMEDIA 1");
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
}
if (req.ifm_count == 0) {
/*
* No media types.
*/
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP);
}
/*
* Allocate a buffer to hold all the media types, and
* get the media types.
*/
media_list = malloc(req.ifm_count * sizeof(*media_list));
if (media_list == NULL) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "malloc");
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
req.ifm_ulist = media_list;
if (ioctl(sock, SIOCGIFMEDIA, &req) < 0) {
pcap_fmt_errmsg_for_errno(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
errno, "SIOCGIFMEDIA");
free(media_list);
close(sock);
return (PCAP_ERROR);
}
/*
* Look for an 802.11 "automatic" media type.
* We assume that all 802.11 adapters have that media type,
* and that it will carry the monitor mode supported flag.
*/
can_do = 0;
for (i = 0; i < req.ifm_count; i++) {
if (IFM_TYPE(media_list[i]) == IFM_IEEE80211
&& IFM_SUBTYPE(media_list[i]) == IFM_AUTO) {
/* OK, does it do monitor mode? */
if (media_list[i] & IFM_IEEE80211_MONITOR) {
can_do = 1;
break;
}