Teach __tree how to handle map's __value_type

This patch is fairly large and contains a number of changes. The changes all work towards
allowing __tree to properly handle __value_type esspecially when inserting into the __tree.
I chose not to break this change into smaller patches because it wouldn't be possible to
write meaningful standard-compliant tests for each patch.

It is very similar to r260513 "[libcxx] Teach __hash_table how to handle unordered_map's __hash_value_type".

Changes in <map>
 * Remove __value_type's constructors because it should never be constructed directly.

 * Make map::emplace and multimap::emplace forward to __tree and remove the old definitions

 * Remove "__construct_node" map and multimap member functions. Almost all of the construction is done within __tree.

 * Fix map's move constructor to access "__value_type.__nc" directly and pass this object to __tree::insert.

Changes in <__tree>
 * Add traits to detect, handle, and unwrap, map's "__value_type".

 * Convert methods taking "value_type" to take "__container_value_type" instead. Previously these methods caused
  unwanted implicit conversions from "std::pair<Key, Value>" to "__value_type<Key, Value>".

 * Delete __tree_node and __tree_node_base's constructors and assignment operators. The node types should never be constructed
   because the "__value_" member of __tree_node must be constructed directly by the allocator.

 * Make the __tree_node_destructor class and "__construct_node" methods unwrap "__node_value_type" into "__container_value_type" before invoking the allocator. The user's allocator can only be used to construct and destroy the container's value_type. Passing it map's "__value_type" was incorrect.

 * Cleanup the "__insert" and "__emplace" methods. Have __insert forward to an __emplace function wherever possible to reduce
   code duplication. __insert_unique(value_type const&) and __insert_unique(value_type&&) forward to __emplace_unique_key_args.
   These functions will not allocate a new node if the value is already in the tree.

 * Change the __find* functions to take the "key_type" directly instead of passing in "value_type" and unwrapping the key later.
   This change allows the find functions to be used without having to construct a "value_type" first. This allows for a number
   of optimizations.

 * Teach __move_assign and __assign_multi methods to unwrap map's __value_type.

git-svn-id: https://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/libcxx/trunk@264986 91177308-0d34-0410-b5e6-96231b3b80d8
7 files changed