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/*
******************************************************************************
*
* Copyright (C) 2000-2010, International Business Machines
* Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.
*
******************************************************************************
* file name: ushape.h
* encoding: US-ASCII
* tab size: 8 (not used)
* indentation:4
*
* created on: 2000jun29
* created by: Markus W. Scherer
*/
#ifndef __USHAPE_H__
#define __USHAPE_H__
#include "unicode/utypes.h"
/**
* \file
* \brief C API: Arabic shaping
*
*/
/**
* Shape Arabic text on a character basis.
*
* <p>This function performs basic operations for "shaping" Arabic text. It is most
* useful for use with legacy data formats and legacy display technology
* (simple terminals). All operations are performed on Unicode characters.</p>
*
* <p>Text-based shaping means that some character code points in the text are
* replaced by others depending on the context. It transforms one kind of text
* into another. In comparison, modern displays for Arabic text select
* appropriate, context-dependent font glyphs for each text element, which means
* that they transform text into a glyph vector.</p>
*
* <p>Text transformations are necessary when modern display technology is not
* available or when text needs to be transformed to or from legacy formats that
* use "shaped" characters. Since the Arabic script is cursive, connecting
* adjacent letters to each other, computers select images for each letter based
* on the surrounding letters. This usually results in four images per Arabic
* letter: initial, middle, final, and isolated forms. In Unicode, on the other
* hand, letters are normally stored abstract, and a display system is expected
* to select the necessary glyphs. (This makes searching and other text
* processing easier because the same letter has only one code.) It is possible
* to mimic this with text transformations because there are characters in
* Unicode that are rendered as letters with a specific shape
* (or cursive connectivity). They were included for interoperability with
* legacy systems and codepages, and for unsophisticated display systems.</p>
*
* <p>A second kind of text transformations is supported for Arabic digits:
* For compatibility with legacy codepages that only include European digits,
* it is possible to replace one set of digits by another, changing the
* character code points. These operations can be performed for either
* Arabic-Indic Digits (U+0660...U+0669) or Eastern (Extended) Arabic-Indic
* digits (U+06f0...U+06f9).</p>
*
* <p>Some replacements may result in more or fewer characters (code points).
* By default, this means that the destination buffer may receive text with a
* length different from the source length. Some legacy systems rely on the
* length of the text to be constant. They expect extra spaces to be added
* or consumed either next to the affected character or at the end of the
* text.</p>
*
* <p>For details about the available operations, see the description of the
* <code>U_SHAPE_...</code> options.</p>
*
* @param source The input text.
*
* @param sourceLength The number of UChars in <code>source</code>.
*
* @param dest The destination buffer that will receive the results of the
* requested operations. It may be <code>NULL</code> only if
* <code>destSize</code> is 0. The source and destination must not
* overlap.
*
* @param destSize The size (capacity) of the destination buffer in UChars.
* If <code>destSize</code> is 0, then no output is produced,
* but the necessary buffer size is returned ("preflighting").
*
* @param options This is a 32-bit set of flags that specify the operations
* that are performed on the input text. If no error occurs,
* then the result will always be written to the destination
* buffer.
*
* @param pErrorCode must be a valid pointer to an error code value,
* which must not indicate a failure before the function call.
*
* @return The number of UChars written to the destination buffer.
* If an error occured, then no output was written, or it may be
* incomplete. If <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> is set, then
* the return value indicates the necessary destination buffer size.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
u_shapeArabic(const UChar *source, int32_t sourceLength,
UChar *dest, int32_t destSize,
uint32_t options,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* ANDROID only. Although on Android ICU believes uint64_t is
* supported, compilation warns if you assign 0x100000000ULL to a
* variable with this type. So rather than expanding the options flag
* to 64 bits to fit one more flag in, we've added a new parameter.
*/
U_DRAFT int32_t U_EXPORT2
u_shapeArabicX(const UChar *source, int32_t sourceLength,
UChar *dest, int32_t destSize,
uint32_t options, uint32_t xoptions,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Memory option: allow the result to have a different length than the source.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LENGTH_GROW_SHRINK 0
/**
* Memory option: allow the result to have a different length than the source.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* This option is an alias to U_SHAPE_LENGTH_GROW_SHRINK
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_RESIZE 0
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces next to modified characters.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_NEAR 1
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces next to modified characters.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* This option is an alias to U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_NEAR
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_NEAR 1
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces at the end of the text.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_AT_END 2
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces at the end of the text.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* This option is an alias to U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_AT_END
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_END 2
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces at the beginning of the text.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_AT_BEGINNING 3
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* If more room is necessary, then try to consume spaces at the beginning of the text.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* This option is an alias to U_SHAPE_LENGTH_FIXED_SPACES_AT_BEGINNING
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_BEGIN 3
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping Mode: For each LAMALEF character found, expand LAMALEF using space at end.
* If there is no space at end, use spaces at beginning of the buffer. If there
* is no space at beginning of the buffer, use spaces at the near (i.e. the space
* after the LAMALEF character).
* If there are no spaces found, an error U_NO_SPACE_AVAILABLE (as defined in utypes.h)
* will be set in pErrorCode
*
* Deshaping Mode: Perform the same function as the flag equals U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_END.
* Affects: LamAlef options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_AUTO 0x10000
/** Bit mask for memory options. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_LENGTH_MASK 0x10003 /* Changed old value 3 */
/**
* Bit mask for LamAlef memory options.
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_MASK 0x10003 /* updated */
/** Direction indicator: the source is in logical (keyboard) order. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_TEXT_DIRECTION_LOGICAL 0
/**
* Direction indicator:
* the source is in visual RTL order,
* the rightmost displayed character stored first.
* This option is an alias to U_SHAPE_TEXT_DIRECTION_LOGICAL
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TEXT_DIRECTION_VISUAL_RTL 0
/**
* Direction indicator:
* the source is in visual LTR order,
* the leftmost displayed character stored first.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TEXT_DIRECTION_VISUAL_LTR 4
/** Bit mask for direction indicators. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_TEXT_DIRECTION_MASK 4
/** Letter shaping option: do not perform letter shaping. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_LETTERS_NOOP 0
/** Letter shaping option: replace abstract letter characters by "shaped" ones. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_LETTERS_SHAPE 8
/** Letter shaping option: replace "shaped" letter characters by abstract ones. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_LETTERS_UNSHAPE 0x10
/**
* Letter shaping option: replace abstract letter characters by "shaped" ones.
* The only difference with U_SHAPE_LETTERS_SHAPE is that Tashkeel letters
* are always "shaped" into the isolated form instead of the medial form
* (selecting code points from the Arabic Presentation Forms-B block).
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_LETTERS_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_ISOLATED 0x18
/** Bit mask for letter shaping options. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_LETTERS_MASK 0x18
/** Digit shaping option: do not perform digit shaping. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_NOOP 0
/**
* Digit shaping option:
* Replace European digits (U+0030...) by Arabic-Indic digits.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_EN2AN 0x20
/**
* Digit shaping option:
* Replace Arabic-Indic digits by European digits (U+0030...).
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_AN2EN 0x40
/**
* Digit shaping option:
* Replace European digits (U+0030...) by Arabic-Indic digits if the most recent
* strongly directional character is an Arabic letter
* (<code>u_charDirection()</code> result <code>U_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC</code> [AL]).<br>
* The direction of "preceding" depends on the direction indicator option.
* For the first characters, the preceding strongly directional character
* (initial state) is assumed to be not an Arabic letter
* (it is <code>U_LEFT_TO_RIGHT</code> [L] or <code>U_RIGHT_TO_LEFT</code> [R]).
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_ALEN2AN_INIT_LR 0x60
/**
* Digit shaping option:
* Replace European digits (U+0030...) by Arabic-Indic digits if the most recent
* strongly directional character is an Arabic letter
* (<code>u_charDirection()</code> result <code>U_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC</code> [AL]).<br>
* The direction of "preceding" depends on the direction indicator option.
* For the first characters, the preceding strongly directional character
* (initial state) is assumed to be an Arabic letter.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_ALEN2AN_INIT_AL 0x80
/** Not a valid option value. May be replaced by a new option. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_RESERVED 0xa0
/** Bit mask for digit shaping options. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGITS_MASK 0xe0
/** Digit type option: Use Arabic-Indic digits (U+0660...U+0669). @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGIT_TYPE_AN 0
/** Digit type option: Use Eastern (Extended) Arabic-Indic digits (U+06f0...U+06f9). @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGIT_TYPE_AN_EXTENDED 0x100
/** Not a valid option value. May be replaced by a new option. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGIT_TYPE_RESERVED 0x200
/** Bit mask for digit type options. @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define U_SHAPE_DIGIT_TYPE_MASK 0x300 /* I need to change this from 0x3f00 to 0x300 */
/**
* Tashkeel aggregation option:
* Replaces any combination of U+0651 with one of
* U+064C, U+064D, U+064E, U+064F, U+0650 with
* U+FC5E, U+FC5F, U+FC60, U+FC61, U+FC62 consecutively.
* @stable ICU 3.6
*/
#define U_SHAPE_AGGREGATE_TASHKEEL 0x4000
/** Tashkeel aggregation option: do not aggregate tashkeels. @stable ICU 3.6 */
#define U_SHAPE_AGGREGATE_TASHKEEL_NOOP 0
/** Bit mask for tashkeel aggregation. @stable ICU 3.6 */
#define U_SHAPE_AGGREGATE_TASHKEEL_MASK 0x4000
/**
* Presentation form option:
* Don't replace Arabic Presentation Forms-A and Arabic Presentation Forms-B
* characters with 0+06xx characters, before shaping.
* @stable ICU 3.6
*/
#define U_SHAPE_PRESERVE_PRESENTATION 0x8000
/** Presentation form option:
* Replace Arabic Presentation Forms-A and Arabic Presentationo Forms-B with
* their unshaped correspondants in range 0+06xx, before shaping.
* @stable ICU 3.6
*/
#define U_SHAPE_PRESERVE_PRESENTATION_NOOP 0
/** Bit mask for preserve presentation form. @stable ICU 3.6 */
#define U_SHAPE_PRESERVE_PRESENTATION_MASK 0x8000
/* Seen Tail option */
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping mode: The SEEN family character will expand into two characters using space near
* the SEEN family character(i.e. the space after the character).
* If there are no spaces found, an error U_NO_SPACE_AVAILABLE (as defined in utypes.h)
* will be set in pErrorCode
*
* De-shaping mode: Any Seen character followed by Tail character will be
* replaced by one cell Seen and a space will replace the Tail.
* Affects: Seen options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_SEEN_TWOCELL_NEAR 0x200000
/**
* Bit mask for Seen memory options.
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_SEEN_MASK 0x700000
/* YehHamza option */
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping mode: The YEHHAMZA character will expand into two characters using space near it
* (i.e. the space after the character
* If there are no spaces found, an error U_NO_SPACE_AVAILABLE (as defined in utypes.h)
* will be set in pErrorCode
*
* De-shaping mode: Any Yeh (final or isolated) character followed by Hamza character will be
* replaced by one cell YehHamza and space will replace the Hamza.
* Affects: YehHamza options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_YEHHAMZA_TWOCELL_NEAR 0x1000000
/**
* Bit mask for YehHamza memory options.
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_YEHHAMZA_MASK 0x3800000
/* New Tashkeel options */
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping mode: Tashkeel characters will be replaced by spaces.
* Spaces will be placed at beginning of the buffer
*
* De-shaping mode: N/A
* Affects: Tashkeel options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_BEGIN 0x40000
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping mode: Tashkeel characters will be replaced by spaces.
* Spaces will be placed at end of the buffer
*
* De-shaping mode: N/A
* Affects: Tashkeel options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_END 0x60000
/**
* Memory option: allow the result to have a different length than the source.
* Shaping mode: Tashkeel characters will be removed, buffer length will shrink.
* De-shaping mode: N/A
*
* Affect: Tashkeel options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_RESIZE 0x80000
/**
* Memory option: the result must have the same length as the source.
* Shaping mode: Tashkeel characters will be replaced by Tatweel if it is connected to adjacent
* characters (i.e. shaped on Tatweel) or replaced by space if it is not connected.
*
* De-shaping mode: N/A
* Affects: YehHamza options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_REPLACE_BY_TATWEEL 0xC0000
/**
* Bit mask for Tashkeel replacement with Space or Tatweel memory options.
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_TASHKEEL_MASK 0xE0000
/* Space location Control options */
/**
* This option affect the meaning of BEGIN and END options. if this option is not used the default
* for BEGIN and END will be as following:
* The Default (for both Visual LTR, Visual RTL and Logical Text)
* 1. BEGIN always refers to the start address of physical memory.
* 2. END always refers to the end address of physical memory.
*
* If this option is used it will swap the meaning of BEGIN and END only for Visual LTR text.
*
* The effect on BEGIN and END Memory Options will be as following:
* A. BEGIN For Visual LTR text: This will be the beginning (right side) of the visual text(
* corresponding to the physical memory address end for Visual LTR text, Same as END in
* default behavior)
* B. BEGIN For Logical text: Same as BEGIN in default behavior.
* C. END For Visual LTR text: This will be the end (left side) of the visual text (corresponding
* to the physical memory address beginning for Visual LTR text, Same as BEGIN in default behavior.
* D. END For Logical text: Same as END in default behavior).
* Affects: All LamAlef BEGIN, END and AUTO options.
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_SPACES_RELATIVE_TO_TEXT_BEGIN_END 0x4000000
/**
* Bit mask for swapping BEGIN and END for Visual LTR text
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define U_SHAPE_SPACES_RELATIVE_TO_TEXT_MASK 0x4000000
/**
* If this option is used, shaping will use the new Unicode code point for TAIL (i.e. 0xFE73).
* If this option is not specified (Default), old unofficial Unicode TAIL code point is used (i.e. 0x200B)
* De-shaping will not use this option as it will always search for both the new Unicode code point for the
* TAIL (i.e. 0xFE73) or the old unofficial Unicode TAIL code point (i.e. 0x200B) and de-shape the
* Seen-Family letter accordingly.
*
* Shaping Mode: Only shaping.
* De-shaping Mode: N/A.
* Affects: All Seen options
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define SHAPE_TAIL_NEW_UNICODE 0x8000000
/**
* Bit mask for new Unicode Tail option
* @draft ICU 4.2
*/
#define SHAPE_TAIL_TYPE_MASK 0x8000000
/**
* XOption used when forming LamAlef ligatures and
* U_SHAPE_LAMALEF_NEAR is set. When this option is selected, inserts
* 0xffff instead of 0x0020 (space) after the ligature. Use this when
* you need to identify these substitutions during later processing.
*/
#define U_SHAPE_X_LAMALEF_SUB_ALTERNATE 0x1
#endif