Bug: 119669330

Clone this repo:
  1. b93cb2b Merge remote-tracking branch 'aosp/upstream-master' into up-shaderc2 by David Neto · 4 months ago master
  2. b83b58d Update tests to work with the latest googletest. by Steven Perron · 5 months ago upstream-master
  3. 5ae6e4a Fix effcee-example MinGW cross-compile by David Neto · 5 months ago
  4. 325bc22 Initial empty repository by Inna Palant · 7 months ago ndk-release-r20 ndk-r20 ndk-r20-beta1 ndk-r20-beta2 ndk-r20-beta3
  5. 8f0a61d Update CHANGES by David Neto · 8 months ago


Linux and OSX Build Status

Effcee is a C++ library for stateful pattern matching of strings, inspired by LLVM's FileCheck command.


  • Is a library, so it can be used for quickly running tests in your own process.
  • Is largely compatible with FileCheck, so tests and test-writing skills are transferable.
  • Has few dependencies:
    • The C++11 standard library, and
    • RE2 for regular expression matching.


The following is from examples/main.cc:

#include <iostream> #include <sstream> #include "effcee/effcee.h" // Checks standard input against the list of checks provided as command line // arguments. // // Example: // cat <<EOF >sample_data.txt // Bees // Make // Delicious Honey // EOF // effcee-example <sample_data.txt "CHECK: Bees" "CHECK-NOT:Sting" "CHECK: Honey" int main(int argc, char* argv[]) { // Read the command arguments as a list of check rules. std::ostringstream checks_stream; for (int i = 1; i < argc; ++i) { checks_stream << argv[i] << "\n"; } // Read stdin as the input to match. std::stringstream input_stream; std::cin >> input_stream.rdbuf(); // Attempt to match. The input and checks arguments can be provided as // std::string or pointer to char. auto result = effcee::Match(input_stream.str(), checks_stream.str(), effcee::Options().SetChecksName("checks")); // Successful match result converts to true. if (result) { std::cout << "The input matched your check list!" << std::endl; } else { // Otherwise, you can get a status code and a detailed message. switch (result.status()) { case effcee::Result::Status::NoRules: std::cout << "error: Expected check rules as command line arguments\n"; break; case effcee::Result::Status::Fail: std::cout << "The input failed to match your check rules:\n"; break; default: break; } std::cout << result.message() << std::endl; return 1; } return 0; }

For more examples, see the matching tests in effcee/match_test.cc.


Effcee is mature enough to be relied upon by third party projects, but could be improved.

What works:

  • Check strings can contain:
    • fixed strings
    • regular expressions
    • variable definitions and uses
  • Setting a custom check prefix.
  • Accurate and helpful reporting of match failures.

What is left to do:

  • Add an option to define shorthands for regular expressions.
    • For example, you could express that if the string %% appears where a regular expression is expected, then it expands to the regular expression for a local identifier in LLVM assembly language, i.e. %[-a-zA-Z$._][-a-zA-Z$._0-9]*. This enables you to write precise tests with less fuss.
  • Better error reporting for failure to parse the checks list.
  • Write a check language reference and tutorial.

What is left to do, but lower priority:

  • Match full lines.
  • Strict whitespace.
  • Implicit check-not.
  • Variable scoping.

Licensing and contributing

Effcee is licensed under terms of the Apache 2.0 license. If you are interested in contributing to this project, please see CONTRIBUTING.md.

This is not an official Google product (experimental or otherwise), it is just code that happens to be owned by Google. That may change if Effcee gains contributions from others. See the CONTRIBUTING.md file for more information. See also the AUTHORS and CONTRIBUTORS files.

File organization

  • effcee/ : library source code, and tests
  • third_party/: third party open source packages, downloaded separately
  • examples/: example programs

Effcee depends on the RE2 regular expression library.

Effcee tests depend on Googletest and Python.

In the following sections, $SOURCE_DIR is the directory containing the Effcee source code.

Getting and building Effcee

  1. Check out the source code:
git clone https://github.com/google/effcee $SOURCE_DIR
cd $SOURCE_DIR/third_party
git clone https://github.com/google/googletest.git
git clone https://github.com/google/re2.git

Note: There are two other ways to manage third party sources:

  • If you are building Effcee as part of a larger CMake-based project, add the RE2 and googletest projects before adding Effcee.
  • Otherwise, you can set CMake variables to point to third party sources if they are located somewhere else. See the Build options below.
  1. Ensure you have the requisite tools -- see the tools subsection below.

  2. Decide where to place the build output. In the following steps, we'll call it $BUILD_DIR. Any new directory should work. We recommend building outside the source tree, but it is also common to build in a (new) subdirectory of $SOURCE_DIR, such as $SOURCE_DIR/build.

4a) Build and test with Ninja on Linux or Windows:

cmake -GNinja -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE={Debug|Release|RelWithDebInfo} $SOURCE_DIR

4b) Or build and test with MSVC on Windows:

cmake --build . --config {Release|Debug|MinSizeRel|RelWithDebInfo}
ctest -C {Release|Debug|MinSizeRel|RelWithDebInfo}

4c) Or build with MinGW on Linux for Windows: (Skip building threaded unit tests due to Googletest bug 606)

cmake -GNinja -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE={Debug|Release|RelWithDebInfo} $SOURCE_DIR \
   -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=$SOURCE_DIR/cmake/linux-mingw-toolchain.cmake \

After a successful build, you should have a libeffcee library under the $BUILD_DIR/effcee/ directory.

The default behavior on MSVC is to link with the static CRT. If you would like to change this behavior -DEFFCEE_ENABLE_SHARED_CRT may be passed on the cmake configure line.


By default, Effcee registers two tests with ctest:

  • effcee-test: All library tests, based on Googletest.
  • effcee-example: Executes the example executable with sample inputs.

Running ctest without arguments will run the tests for Effcee as well as for RE2.

You can disable Effcee's tests by using -DEFFCEE_BUILD_TESTING=OFF at configuration time:


The RE2 tests run much longer, so if you're working on Effcee alone, we suggest limiting ctest to tests with prefix effcee:

ctest -R effcee

Alternately, you can turn off RE2 tests entirely by using -DRE2_BUILD_TESTING=OFF at configuration time:

cmake -GNinja -DRE2_BUILD_TESTING=OFF ...

Tools you'll need

For building, testing, and profiling Effcee, the following tools should be installed regardless of your OS:

  • A compiler supporting C++11.
  • CMake: for generating compilation targets.
  • Python: for a test script.

On Linux, if cross compiling to Windows:

  • MinGW: A GCC-based cross compiler targeting Windows so that generated executables use the Microsoft C runtime libraries.

On Windows, the following tools should be installed and available on your path:

  • Visual Studio 2015 or later. Previous versions of Visual Studio are not usable with RE2 or Googletest.
  • Git - including the associated tools, Bash, diff.

Build options

Third party source locations:

  • EFFCEE_GOOGLETEST_DIR: Location of googletest sources, if not under third_party.
  • EFFCEE_RE2_DIR: Location of re2 sources, if not under third_party.
  • EFFCEE_THIRD_PARTY_ROOT_DIR: Alternate location for googletest and re2 subdirectories. This is used if the sources are not located under the third_party directory, and if the previous two variables are not set.

Compilation options:

  • DISABLE_RTTI. Disable runtime type information. Default is enabled.
  • DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS. Disable exceptions. Default is enabled.

Controlling samples and tests:

  • EFFCEE_BUILD_SAMPLES. Should Effcee examples be built? Defaults to ON.
  • EFFCEE_BUILD_TESTING. Should Effcee tests be built? Defaults to ON.
  • RE2_BUILD_TESTING. Should RE2 tests be built? Defaults to ON.

Bug tracking

We track bugs using GitHub -- click on the “Issues” button on the project's GitHub page.

What uses Effcee?