Fun with buffer overrruns.

In get_option(): don't read past the end of the option buffer.

Also add a small unittest to verify sane behaviour for the above.
The dhcpcd code is not easily refactored into a library, nor is it
entirely possible to include some header files directly since some
structures use C++ reserved keywords ("new") for variable names.

In print_option(): use of snprintf() returns the length that
/would/ have been written.  Add checks that the output buffer
is not overrun when printing.

Bug: 18356137
Bug: 18356135
Change-Id: I0f907b8a952208749226ba034a416d773e068f8a
(cherry picked from commit c1c270dba20afa63a5b7769646cf721d0fa7c431)
diff --git a/Android.mk b/Android.mk
index ffc5866..1066daa 100644
--- a/Android.mk
+++ b/Android.mk
@@ -57,3 +57,11 @@
 LOCAL_MODULE_PATH := $(hooks_target)
 LOCAL_SRC_FILES := $(hooks_dir)/$(LOCAL_MODULE)
 include $(BUILD_PREBUILT)
+
+# Unit tests.
+include $(CLEAR_VARS)
+LOCAL_MODULE := dhcpcd_test
+LOCAL_CFLAGS := -Wall -Werror -Wunused-parameter
+LOCAL_SRC_FILES := dhcpcd_test.cpp dhcp.c common.c
+LOCAL_MODULE_TAGS := eng tests
+include $(BUILD_NATIVE_TEST)
diff --git a/dhcp.c b/dhcp.c
index 1169993..4ff562c 100644
--- a/dhcp.c
+++ b/dhcp.c
@@ -311,7 +311,11 @@
 	const uint8_t *op = NULL;
 	int bl = 0;
 
-	while (p < e) {
+	/* DHCP Options are in TLV format with T and L each being a single
+	 * byte.  In general, here we have p -> T, ol=p+1 -> L, op -> V.
+	 * We must make sure there is enough room to read both T and L.
+	 */
+	while (p + 1 < e) {
 		o = *p++;
 		if (o == opt) {
 			if (op) {
@@ -326,7 +330,7 @@
 				memcpy(bp, op, ol);
 				bp += ol;
 			}
-			ol = *p;
+			ol = (p + *p < e) ? *p : e - (p + 1);
 			op = p + 1;
 			bl += ol;
 		}
@@ -1276,6 +1280,10 @@
 			data += sizeof(addr.s_addr);
 		} else
 			l = 0;
+		if (len <= l) {
+			bytes += len;
+			break;
+		}
 		len -= l;
 		bytes += l;
 		s += l;
diff --git a/dhcpcd_test.cpp b/dhcpcd_test.cpp
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1fa829f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/dhcpcd_test.cpp
@@ -0,0 +1,146 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2014 The Android Open Source Project
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ *
+ * dhcpcd_test.cpp - unit tests for dhcpcd
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string>
+
+#include <gtest/gtest.h>
+
+// For convenience.
+#define ARRAYSIZE(x) sizeof((x)) / sizeof((x)[0])
+
+// Regrettably, copy these defines and the dhcp_message structure in from
+// dhcp.h.  This header file is not easily included, since subsequent
+// includes use C++ reserved keywords (like "new") as structure member names.
+extern "C" {
+
+#define DHO_PAD                 0
+#define DHO_DNSDOMAIN           15
+
+/* Max MTU - defines dhcp option length */
+#define MTU_MAX             1500
+
+/* Sizes for DHCP options */
+#define DHCP_CHADDR_LEN         16
+#define SERVERNAME_LEN          64
+#define BOOTFILE_LEN            128
+#define DHCP_UDP_LEN            (14 + 20 + 8)
+#define DHCP_FIXED_LEN          (DHCP_UDP_LEN + 226)
+#define DHCP_OPTION_LEN         (MTU_MAX - DHCP_FIXED_LEN)
+
+/* Some crappy DHCP servers require the BOOTP minimum length */
+#define BOOTP_MESSAGE_LENTH_MIN 300
+
+struct dhcp_message {
+        uint8_t op;           /* message type */
+        uint8_t hwtype;       /* hardware address type */
+        uint8_t hwlen;        /* hardware address length */
+        uint8_t hwopcount;    /* should be zero in client message */
+        uint32_t xid;            /* transaction id */
+        uint16_t secs;           /* elapsed time in sec. from boot */
+        uint16_t flags;
+        uint32_t ciaddr;         /* (previously allocated) client IP */
+        uint32_t yiaddr;         /* 'your' client IP address */
+        uint32_t siaddr;         /* should be zero in client's messages */
+        uint32_t giaddr;         /* should be zero in client's messages */
+        uint8_t chaddr[DHCP_CHADDR_LEN];  /* client's hardware address */
+        uint8_t servername[SERVERNAME_LEN];    /* server host name */
+        uint8_t bootfile[BOOTFILE_LEN];    /* boot file name */
+        uint32_t cookie;
+        uint8_t options[DHCP_OPTION_LEN]; /* message options - cookie */
+} _packed;
+
+char * get_option_string(const struct dhcp_message *dhcp, uint8_t option);
+
+}
+
+
+static const char kOptionString[] = "hostname";
+
+class DhcpcdGetOptionTest : public ::testing::Test {
+ protected:
+  virtual void SetUp() {
+    memset(dhcpmsgs, 0, ARRAYSIZE(dhcpmsgs) * sizeof(struct dhcp_message));
+    // Technically redundant.
+    memset(&(dhcpmsgs[0].options), DHO_PAD, sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options));
+
+    type_index = 0;
+    length_index = 0;
+    value_index = 0;
+  }
+
+  void PopulateTLV() {
+    // May very well write off the end of the first struct dhcp_message,
+    // by design.
+    length_index = type_index + 1;
+    value_index = length_index + 1;
+    dhcpmsgs[0].options[type_index] = DHO_DNSDOMAIN;
+    dhcpmsgs[0].options[length_index] = strlen(kOptionString);
+    memcpy(&(dhcpmsgs[0].options[value_index]),
+           kOptionString, strlen(kOptionString));
+  }
+
+  struct dhcp_message dhcpmsgs[2];
+  size_t type_index;
+  size_t length_index;
+  size_t value_index;
+};
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, OptionNotPresent) {
+  // An entire option block of padding (all zeros).
+  EXPECT_EQ(NULL, ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN));
+}
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, TypeIsOffTheEnd) {
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options);
+  PopulateTLV();
+  EXPECT_EQ(NULL, ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN));
+}
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, LengthIsOffTheEnd) {
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options) - 1;
+  PopulateTLV();
+  EXPECT_EQ(NULL, ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN));
+}
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, ValueIsOffTheEnd) {
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options) - 2;
+  PopulateTLV();
+  EXPECT_EQ(NULL, ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN));
+}
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, InsufficientSpaceForValue) {
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options) - 6;
+  PopulateTLV();
+  char* value = ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(NULL != value);
+  EXPECT_EQ("host", ::std::string(value));
+  free(value);
+}
+
+TEST_F(DhcpcdGetOptionTest, InsufficientSpaceForContinuedValue) {
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options) - 16;
+  PopulateTLV();
+  type_index = sizeof(dhcpmsgs[0].options) - 6;
+  PopulateTLV();
+  char* value = ::get_option_string(&(dhcpmsgs[0]), DHO_DNSDOMAIN);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(NULL != value);
+  EXPECT_EQ("hostnamehost", ::std::string(value));
+  free(value);
+}