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//===--- AttrNonNullChecker.h - Undefined arguments checker ----*- C++ -*--===//
// The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// This defines AttrNonNullChecker, a builtin check in ExprEngine that
// performs checks for arguments declared to have nonnull attribute.
#include "ClangSACheckers.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/Checker.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/CheckerManager.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/BugReporter/BugType.h"
using namespace clang;
using namespace ento;
namespace {
class AttrNonNullChecker
: public Checker< check::PreStmt<CallExpr> > {
mutable llvm::OwningPtr<BugType> BT;
void checkPreStmt(const CallExpr *CE, CheckerContext &C) const;
} // end anonymous namespace
void AttrNonNullChecker::checkPreStmt(const CallExpr *CE,
CheckerContext &C) const {
const ProgramState *state = C.getState();
const LocationContext *LCtx = C.getLocationContext();
// Check if the callee has a 'nonnull' attribute.
SVal X = state->getSVal(CE->getCallee(), LCtx);
const FunctionDecl *FD = X.getAsFunctionDecl();
if (!FD)
const NonNullAttr* Att = FD->getAttr<NonNullAttr>();
if (!Att)
// Iterate through the arguments of CE and check them for null.
unsigned idx = 0;
for (CallExpr::const_arg_iterator I=CE->arg_begin(), E=CE->arg_end(); I!=E;
++I, ++idx) {
if (!Att->isNonNull(idx))
SVal V = state->getSVal(*I, LCtx);
DefinedSVal *DV = dyn_cast<DefinedSVal>(&V);
// If the value is unknown or undefined, we can't perform this check.
if (!DV)
if (!isa<Loc>(*DV)) {
// If the argument is a union type, we want to handle a potential
// transparent_unoin GCC extension.
QualType T = (*I)->getType();
const RecordType *UT = T->getAsUnionType();
if (!UT || !UT->getDecl()->hasAttr<TransparentUnionAttr>())
if (nonloc::CompoundVal *CSV = dyn_cast<nonloc::CompoundVal>(DV)) {
nonloc::CompoundVal::iterator CSV_I = CSV->begin();
assert(CSV_I != CSV->end());
V = *CSV_I;
DV = dyn_cast<DefinedSVal>(&V);
assert(++CSV_I == CSV->end());
if (!DV)
else {
// FIXME: Handle LazyCompoundVals?
ConstraintManager &CM = C.getConstraintManager();
const ProgramState *stateNotNull, *stateNull;
llvm::tie(stateNotNull, stateNull) = CM.assumeDual(state, *DV);
if (stateNull && !stateNotNull) {
// Generate an error node. Check for a null node in case
// we cache out.
if (ExplodedNode *errorNode = C.generateSink(stateNull)) {
// Lazily allocate the BugType object if it hasn't already been
// created. Ownership is transferred to the BugReporter object once
// the BugReport is passed to 'EmitWarning'.
if (!BT)
BT.reset(new BugType("Argument with 'nonnull' attribute passed null",
BugReport *R =
new BugReport(*BT, "Null pointer passed as an argument to a "
"'nonnull' parameter", errorNode);
// Highlight the range of the argument that was null.
const Expr *arg = *I;
// Emit the bug report.
// Always return. Either we cached out or we just emitted an error.
// If a pointer value passed the check we should assume that it is
// indeed not null from this point forward.
state = stateNotNull;
// If we reach here all of the arguments passed the nonnull check.
// If 'state' has been updated generated a new node.
void ento::registerAttrNonNullChecker(CheckerManager &mgr) {