blob: e0ce3399c0b5b7aa263c0aa16f4e26ed25842454 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "extensions/common/file_util.h"
#include <map>
#include <set>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include "base/files/file_enumerator.h"
#include "base/files/file_path.h"
#include "base/files/file_util.h"
#include "base/files/scoped_temp_dir.h"
#include "base/json/json_file_value_serializer.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/memory/scoped_ptr.h"
#include "base/strings/stringprintf.h"
#include "base/strings/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "base/threading/thread_restrictions.h"
#include "extensions/common/constants.h"
#include "extensions/common/extension.h"
#include "extensions/common/extension_icon_set.h"
#include "extensions/common/extension_l10n_util.h"
#include "extensions/common/install_warning.h"
#include "extensions/common/manifest.h"
#include "extensions/common/manifest_constants.h"
#include "extensions/common/manifest_handler.h"
#include "extensions/common/manifest_handlers/icons_handler.h"
#include "extensions/common/message_bundle.h"
#include "grit/extensions_strings.h"
#include "net/base/escape.h"
#include "ui/base/l10n/l10n_util.h"
#include "url/gurl.h"
namespace extensions {
namespace file_util {
namespace {
// Returns true if the given file path exists and is not zero-length.
bool ValidateFilePath(const base::FilePath& path) {
int64 size = 0;
if (!base::PathExists(path) ||
!base::GetFileSize(path, &size) ||
size == 0) {
return false;
return true;
} // namespace
const base::FilePath::CharType kTempDirectoryName[] = FILE_PATH_LITERAL("Temp");
base::FilePath InstallExtension(const base::FilePath& unpacked_source_dir,
const std::string& id,
const std::string& version,
const base::FilePath& extensions_dir) {
base::FilePath extension_dir = extensions_dir.AppendASCII(id);
base::FilePath version_dir;
// Create the extension directory if it doesn't exist already.
if (!base::PathExists(extension_dir)) {
if (!base::CreateDirectory(extension_dir))
return base::FilePath();
// Get a temp directory on the same file system as the profile.
base::FilePath install_temp_dir = GetInstallTempDir(extensions_dir);
base::ScopedTempDir extension_temp_dir;
if (install_temp_dir.empty() ||
!extension_temp_dir.CreateUniqueTempDirUnderPath(install_temp_dir)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Creating of temp dir under in the profile failed.";
return base::FilePath();
base::FilePath crx_temp_source =
if (!base::Move(unpacked_source_dir, crx_temp_source)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Moving extension from : " << unpacked_source_dir.value()
<< " to : " << crx_temp_source.value() << " failed.";
return base::FilePath();
// Try to find a free directory. There can be legitimate conflicts in the case
// of overinstallation of the same version.
const int kMaxAttempts = 100;
for (int i = 0; i < kMaxAttempts; ++i) {
base::FilePath candidate = extension_dir.AppendASCII(
base::StringPrintf("%s_%u", version.c_str(), i));
if (!base::PathExists(candidate)) {
version_dir = candidate;
if (version_dir.empty()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Could not find a home for extension " << id << " with "
<< "version " << version << ".";
return base::FilePath();
if (!base::Move(crx_temp_source, version_dir)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Installing extension from : " << crx_temp_source.value()
<< " into : " << version_dir.value() << " failed.";
return base::FilePath();
return version_dir;
void UninstallExtension(const base::FilePath& extensions_dir,
const std::string& id) {
// We don't care about the return value. If this fails (and it can, due to
// plugins that aren't unloaded yet), it will get cleaned up by
// ExtensionGarbageCollector::GarbageCollectExtensions.
base::DeleteFile(extensions_dir.AppendASCII(id), true); // recursive.
scoped_refptr<Extension> LoadExtension(const base::FilePath& extension_path,
Manifest::Location location,
int flags,
std::string* error) {
return LoadExtension(extension_path, std::string(), location, flags, error);
scoped_refptr<Extension> LoadExtension(const base::FilePath& extension_path,
const std::string& extension_id,
Manifest::Location location,
int flags,
std::string* error) {
scoped_ptr<base::DictionaryValue> manifest(
LoadManifest(extension_path, error));
if (!manifest.get())
return NULL;
if (!extension_l10n_util::LocalizeExtension(
extension_path, manifest.get(), error)) {
return NULL;
scoped_refptr<Extension> extension(Extension::Create(
extension_path, location, *manifest, flags, extension_id, error));
if (!extension.get())
return NULL;
std::vector<InstallWarning> warnings;
if (!ValidateExtension(extension.get(), error, &warnings))
return NULL;
return extension;
base::DictionaryValue* LoadManifest(const base::FilePath& extension_path,
std::string* error) {
return LoadManifest(extension_path, kManifestFilename, error);
base::DictionaryValue* LoadManifest(
const base::FilePath& extension_path,
const base::FilePath::CharType* manifest_filename,
std::string* error) {
base::FilePath manifest_path = extension_path.Append(manifest_filename);
if (!base::PathExists(manifest_path)) {
return NULL;
JSONFileValueSerializer serializer(manifest_path);
scoped_ptr<base::Value> root(serializer.Deserialize(NULL, error));
if (!root.get()) {
if (error->empty()) {
// If |error| is empty, than the file could not be read.
// It would be cleaner to have the JSON reader give a specific error
// in this case, but other code tests for a file error with
// error->empty(). For now, be consistent.
} else {
*error = base::StringPrintf(
"%s %s", manifest_errors::kManifestParseError, error->c_str());
return NULL;
if (!root->IsType(base::Value::TYPE_DICTIONARY)) {
*error = l10n_util::GetStringUTF8(IDS_EXTENSION_MANIFEST_INVALID);
return NULL;
return static_cast<base::DictionaryValue*>(root.release());
bool ValidateExtension(const Extension* extension,
std::string* error,
std::vector<InstallWarning>* warnings) {
// Ask registered manifest handlers to validate their paths.
if (!ManifestHandler::ValidateExtension(extension, error, warnings))
return false;
// Check children of extension root to see if any of them start with _ and is
// not on the reserved list. We only warn, and do not block the loading of the
// extension.
std::string warning;
if (!CheckForIllegalFilenames(extension->path(), &warning))
// Check that extensions don't include private key files.
std::vector<base::FilePath> private_keys =
if (extension->creation_flags() & Extension::ERROR_ON_PRIVATE_KEY) {
if (!private_keys.empty()) {
// Only print one of the private keys because l10n_util doesn't have a way
// to translate a list of strings.
*error =
return false;
} else {
for (size_t i = 0; i < private_keys.size(); ++i) {
// Only warn; don't block loading the extension.
return true;
std::vector<base::FilePath> FindPrivateKeyFiles(
const base::FilePath& extension_dir) {
std::vector<base::FilePath> result;
// Pattern matching only works at the root level, so filter manually.
base::FileEnumerator traversal(
extension_dir, /*recursive=*/true, base::FileEnumerator::FILES);
for (base::FilePath current = traversal.Next(); !current.empty();
current = traversal.Next()) {
if (!current.MatchesExtension(kExtensionKeyFileExtension))
std::string key_contents;
if (!base::ReadFileToString(current, &key_contents)) {
// If we can't read the file, assume it's not a private key.
std::string key_bytes;
if (!Extension::ParsePEMKeyBytes(key_contents, &key_bytes)) {
// If we can't parse the key, assume it's ok too.
return result;
bool CheckForIllegalFilenames(const base::FilePath& extension_path,
std::string* error) {
// Reserved underscore names.
static const base::FilePath::CharType* reserved_names[] = {
kLocaleFolder, kPlatformSpecificFolder, FILE_PATH_LITERAL("__MACOSX"), };
(reserved_names, reserved_names + arraysize(reserved_names)));
// Enumerate all files and directories in the extension root.
// There is a problem when using pattern "_*" with FileEnumerator, so we have
// to cheat with find_first_of and match all.
const int kFilesAndDirectories =
base::FileEnumerator::DIRECTORIES | base::FileEnumerator::FILES;
base::FileEnumerator all_files(extension_path, false, kFilesAndDirectories);
base::FilePath file;
while (!(file = all_files.Next()).empty()) {
base::FilePath::StringType filename = file.BaseName().value();
// Skip all that don't start with "_".
if (filename.find_first_of(FILE_PATH_LITERAL("_")) != 0)
if (reserved_underscore_names.find(filename) ==
reserved_underscore_names.end()) {
*error = base::StringPrintf(
"Cannot load extension with file or directory name %s. "
"Filenames starting with \"_\" are reserved for use by the system.",
return false;
return true;
base::FilePath GetInstallTempDir(const base::FilePath& extensions_dir) {
// We do file IO in this function, but only when the current profile's
// Temp directory has never been used before, or in a rare error case.
// Developers are not likely to see these situations often, so do an
// explicit thread check.
// Create the temp directory as a sub-directory of the Extensions directory.
// This guarantees it is on the same file system as the extension's eventual
// install target.
base::FilePath temp_path = extensions_dir.Append(kTempDirectoryName);
if (base::PathExists(temp_path)) {
if (!base::DirectoryExists(temp_path)) {
DLOG(WARNING) << "Not a directory: " << temp_path.value();
return base::FilePath();
if (!base::PathIsWritable(temp_path)) {
DLOG(WARNING) << "Can't write to path: " << temp_path.value();
return base::FilePath();
// This is a directory we can write to.
return temp_path;
// Directory doesn't exist, so create it.
if (!base::CreateDirectory(temp_path)) {
DLOG(WARNING) << "Couldn't create directory: " << temp_path.value();
return base::FilePath();
return temp_path;
void DeleteFile(const base::FilePath& path, bool recursive) {
base::DeleteFile(path, recursive);
base::FilePath ExtensionURLToRelativeFilePath(const GURL& url) {
std::string url_path = url.path();
if (url_path.empty() || url_path[0] != '/')
return base::FilePath();
// Drop the leading slashes and convert %-encoded UTF8 to regular UTF8.
std::string file_path = net::UnescapeURLComponent(url_path,
net::UnescapeRule::SPACES | net::UnescapeRule::URL_SPECIAL_CHARS);
size_t skip = file_path.find_first_not_of("/\\");
if (skip != file_path.npos)
file_path = file_path.substr(skip);
base::FilePath path = base::FilePath::FromUTF8Unsafe(file_path);
// It's still possible for someone to construct an annoying URL whose path
// would still wind up not being considered relative at this point.
// For example: chrome-extension://id/c:////foo.html
if (path.IsAbsolute())
return base::FilePath();
return path;
base::FilePath ExtensionResourceURLToFilePath(const GURL& url,
const base::FilePath& root) {
std::string host = net::UnescapeURLComponent(,
net::UnescapeRule::SPACES | net::UnescapeRule::URL_SPECIAL_CHARS);
if (host.empty())
return base::FilePath();
base::FilePath relative_path = ExtensionURLToRelativeFilePath(url);
if (relative_path.empty())
return base::FilePath();
base::FilePath path = root.AppendASCII(host).Append(relative_path);
if (!base::PathExists(path))
return base::FilePath();
path = base::MakeAbsoluteFilePath(path);
if (path.empty() || !root.IsParent(path))
return base::FilePath();
return path;
bool ValidateExtensionIconSet(const ExtensionIconSet& icon_set,
const Extension* extension,
int error_message_id,
std::string* error) {
for (ExtensionIconSet::IconMap::const_iterator iter =;
iter !=;
++iter) {
const base::FilePath path =
if (!ValidateFilePath(path)) {
*error = l10n_util::GetStringFUTF8(error_message_id,
return false;
return true;
MessageBundle* LoadMessageBundle(
const base::FilePath& extension_path,
const std::string& default_locale,
std::string* error) {
// Load locale information if available.
base::FilePath locale_path = extension_path.Append(kLocaleFolder);
if (!base::PathExists(locale_path))
return NULL;
std::set<std::string> locales;
if (!extension_l10n_util::GetValidLocales(locale_path, &locales, error))
return NULL;
if (default_locale.empty() || locales.find(default_locale) == locales.end()) {
*error = l10n_util::GetStringUTF8(
return NULL;
MessageBundle* message_bundle =
return message_bundle;
std::map<std::string, std::string>* LoadMessageBundleSubstitutionMap(
const base::FilePath& extension_path,
const std::string& extension_id,
const std::string& default_locale) {
std::map<std::string, std::string>* return_value =
new std::map<std::string, std::string>();
if (!default_locale.empty()) {
// Touch disk only if extension is localized.
std::string error;
scoped_ptr<MessageBundle> bundle(
LoadMessageBundle(extension_path, default_locale, &error));
if (bundle.get())
*return_value = *bundle->dictionary();
// Add @@extension_id reserved message here, so it's available to
// non-localized extensions too.
std::make_pair(MessageBundle::kExtensionIdKey, extension_id));
return return_value;
base::FilePath GetVerifiedContentsPath(const base::FilePath& extension_path) {
return extension_path.Append(kMetadataFolder)
base::FilePath GetComputedHashesPath(const base::FilePath& extension_path) {
return extension_path.Append(kMetadataFolder).Append(kComputedHashesFilename);
} // namespace file_util
} // namespace extensions