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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <string>
#include "base/basictypes.h"
#include "base/memory/scoped_ptr.h"
#include "base/strings/string_piece.h"
#include "build/build_config.h"
#include "crypto/crypto_export.h"
#if defined(USE_NSS) || defined(OS_WIN) || defined(OS_MACOSX)
#include "crypto/scoped_nss_types.h"
namespace crypto {
class SymmetricKey;
class CRYPTO_EXPORT Encryptor {
enum Mode {
// This class implements a 128-bits counter to be used in AES-CTR encryption.
// Only 128-bits counter is supported in this class.
class CRYPTO_EXPORT Counter {
explicit Counter(const base::StringPiece& counter);
// Increment the counter value.
bool Increment();
// Write the content of the counter to |buf|. |buf| should have enough
// space for |GetLengthInBytes()|.
void Write(void* buf);
// Return the length of this counter.
size_t GetLengthInBytes() const;
union {
uint32 components32[4];
uint64 components64[2];
} counter_;
virtual ~Encryptor();
// Initializes the encryptor using |key| and |iv|. Returns false if either the
// key or the initialization vector cannot be used.
// If |mode| is CBC, |iv| must not be empty; if it is CTR, then |iv| must be
// empty.
bool Init(SymmetricKey* key, Mode mode, const base::StringPiece& iv);
// Encrypts |plaintext| into |ciphertext|. |plaintext| may only be empty if
// the mode is CBC.
bool Encrypt(const base::StringPiece& plaintext, std::string* ciphertext);
// Decrypts |ciphertext| into |plaintext|. |ciphertext| must not be empty.
// WARNING: In CBC mode, Decrypt() returns false if it detects the padding
// in the decrypted plaintext is wrong. Padding errors can result from
// tampered ciphertext or a wrong decryption key. But successful decryption
// does not imply the authenticity of the data. The caller of Decrypt()
// must either authenticate the ciphertext before decrypting it, or take
// care to not report decryption failure. Otherwise it could inadvertently
// be used as a padding oracle to attack the cryptosystem.
bool Decrypt(const base::StringPiece& ciphertext, std::string* plaintext);
// Sets the counter value when in CTR mode. Currently only 128-bits
// counter value is supported.
// Returns true only if update was successful.
bool SetCounter(const base::StringPiece& counter);
// TODO(albertb): Support streaming encryption.
// Generates a mask using |counter_| to be used for encryption in CTR mode.
// Resulting mask will be written to |mask| with |mask_len| bytes.
// Make sure there's enough space in mask when calling this method.
// Reserve at least |plaintext_len| + 16 bytes for |mask|.
// The generated mask will always have at least |plaintext_len| bytes and
// will be a multiple of the counter length.
// This method is used only in CTR mode.
// Returns false if this call failed.
bool GenerateCounterMask(size_t plaintext_len,
uint8* mask,
size_t* mask_len);
// Mask the |plaintext| message using |mask|. The output will be written to
// |ciphertext|. |ciphertext| must have at least |plaintext_len| bytes.
void MaskMessage(const void* plaintext,
size_t plaintext_len,
const void* mask,
void* ciphertext) const;
SymmetricKey* key_;
Mode mode_;
scoped_ptr<Counter> counter_;
#if defined(USE_OPENSSL)
bool Crypt(bool do_encrypt, // Pass true to encrypt, false to decrypt.
const base::StringPiece& input,
std::string* output);
bool CryptCTR(bool do_encrypt,
const base::StringPiece& input,
std::string* output);
std::string iv_;
#elif defined(USE_NSS) || defined(OS_WIN) || defined(OS_MACOSX)
bool Crypt(PK11Context* context,
const base::StringPiece& input,
std::string* output);
bool CryptCTR(PK11Context* context,
const base::StringPiece& input,
std::string* output);
ScopedSECItem param_;
} // namespace crypto