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#! /usr/bin/env python
# Generate matplotlib plots for BTT generate data files
# (C) Copyright 2009 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
""" Generate matplotlib plots for BTT generated data files
Files handled:
AQD - Average Queue Depth Running average of queue depths
BNOS - Block numbers accessed Markers for each block
Q2D - Queue to Issue latencies Running averages
D2C - Issue to Complete latencies Running averages
Q2C - Queue to Complete latencies Running averages
Usage: equivalent to: -t aqd <type>=aqd equivalent to: -t bnos <type>=bnos equivalent to: -t q2d <type>=q2d equivalent to: -t d2c <type>=d2c equivalent to: -t q2c <type>=q2c
[ -A | --generate-all ] Default: False
[ -L | --no-legend ] Default: Legend table produced
[ -o <file> | --output=<file> ] Default: <type>.png
[ -T <string> | --title=<string> ] Default: Based upon <type>
[ -v | --verbose ] Default: False
The -A (--generate-all) argument is different: when this is specified,
an attempt is made to generate default plots for all 5 types (aqd, bnos,
q2d, d2c and q2c). It will find files with the appropriate suffix for
each type ('aqd.dat' for example). If such files are found, a plot for
that type will be made. The output file name will be the default for
each type. The -L (--no-legend) option will be obeyed for all plots,
but the -o (--output) and -T (--title) options will be ignored.
__author__ = 'Alan D. Brunelle <>'
import matplotlib
import getopt, glob, os, sys
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plot_size = [10.9, 8.4] # inches...
add_legend = True
generate_all = False
output_file = None
title_str = None
type = None
verbose = False
types = [ 'aqd', 'q2d', 'd2c', 'q2c', 'bnos' ]
progs = [ '' % t for t in types ]
get_base = lambda file: file[file.find('_')+1:file.rfind('_')]
def fatal(msg):
"""Generate fatal error message and exit"""
print >>sys.stderr, 'FATAL: %s' % msg
def get_data(files):
"""Retrieve data from files provided.
Returns a database containing:
'min_x', 'max_x' - Minimum and maximum X values found
'min_y', 'max_y' - Minimum and maximum Y values found
'x', 'y' - X & Y value arrays
'ax', 'ay' - Running average over X & Y --
if > 10 values provided...
def check(mn, mx, v):
"""Returns new min, max, and float value for those passed in"""
v = float(v)
if mn == None or v < mn: mn = v
if mx == None or v > mx: mx = v
return mn, mx, v
def avg(xs, ys):
"""Computes running average for Xs and Ys"""
def _avg(vals):
"""Computes average for array of values passed"""
total = 0.0
for val in vals:
total += val
return total / len(vals)
if len(xs) < 1000:
return xs, ys
axs = [xs[0]]
ays = [ys[0]]
_xs = [xs[0]]
_ys = [ys[0]]
x_range = (xs[-1] - xs[0]) / 100
for idx in range(1, len(ys)):
if (xs[idx] - _xs[0]) > x_range:
del _xs, _ys
_xs = [xs[idx]]
_ys = [ys[idx]]
if len(_xs) > 1:
return axs, ays
global verbose
db = {}
min_x = max_x = min_y = max_y = None
for file in files:
if not os.path.exists(file):
fatal('%s not found' % file)
elif verbose:
print 'Processing %s' % file
xs = []
ys = []
for line in open(file, 'r'):
f = line.rstrip().split(None)
if line.find('#') == 0 or len(f) < 2:
(min_x, max_x, x) = check(min_x, max_x, f[0])
(min_y, max_y, y) = check(min_y, max_y, f[1])
db[file] = {'x':xs, 'y':ys}
if len(xs) > 10:
db[file]['ax'], db[file]['ay'] = avg(xs, ys)
db[file]['ax'] = db[file]['ay'] = None
db['min_x'] = min_x
db['max_x'] = max_x
db['min_y'] = min_y
db['max_y'] = max_y
return db
def parse_args(args):
"""Parse command line arguments.
Returns list of (data) files that need to be processed -- /unless/
the -A (--generate-all) option is passed, in which case superfluous
data files are ignored...
global add_legend, output_file, title_str, type, verbose
global generate_all
prog = args[0][args[0].rfind('/')+1:]
if prog == '':
elif not prog in progs:
fatal('%s not a valid command name' % prog)
type = prog[prog.rfind('_')+1:prog.rfind('.py')]
s_opts = 'ALo:t:T:v'
l_opts = [ 'generate-all', 'type', 'no-legend', 'output', 'title',
'verbose' ]
(opts, args) = getopt.getopt(args[1:], s_opts, l_opts)
except getopt.error, msg:
print >>sys.stderr, msg
for (o, a) in opts:
if o in ('-A', '--generate-all'):
generate_all = True
elif o in ('-L', '--no-legend'):
add_legend = False
elif o in ('-o', '--output'):
output_file = a
elif o in ('-t', '--type'):
if not a in types:
fatal('Type %s not supported' % a)
type = a
elif o in ('-T', '--title'):
title_str = a
elif o in ('-v', '--verbose'):
verbose = True
if type == None and not generate_all:
fatal('Need type of data files to process - (-t <type>)')
return args
def gen_title(fig, type, title_str):
"""Sets the title for the figure based upon the type /or/ user title"""
if title_str != None:
elif type == 'aqd':
title_str = 'Average Queue Depth'
elif type == 'bnos':
title_str = 'Block Numbers Accessed'
elif type == 'q2d':
title_str = 'Queue (Q) To Issue (D) Average Latencies'
elif type == 'd2c':
title_str = 'Issue (D) To Complete (C) Average Latencies'
elif type == 'q2c':
title_str = 'Queue (Q) To Complete (C) Average Latencies'
title = fig.text(.5, .95, title_str, horizontalalignment='center')
def gen_labels(db, ax, type):
"""Generate X & Y 'axis'"""
def gen_ylabel(ax, type):
"""Set the Y axis label based upon the type"""
if type == 'aqd':
str = 'Number of Requests Queued'
elif type == 'bnos':
str = 'Block Number'
str = 'Seconds'
xdelta = 0.1 * (db['max_x'] - db['min_x'])
ydelta = 0.1 * (db['max_y'] - db['min_y'])
ax.set_xlim(db['min_x'] - xdelta, db['max_x'] + xdelta)
ax.set_ylim(db['min_y'] - ydelta, db['max_y'] + ydelta)
ax.set_xlabel('Runtime (seconds)')
gen_ylabel(ax, type)
def generate_output(type, db):
"""Generate the output plot based upon the type and database"""
def color(idx, style):
"""Returns a color/symbol type based upon the index passed."""
colors = [ 'b', 'g', 'r', 'c', 'm', 'y', 'k' ]
l_styles = [ '-', ':', '--', '-.' ]
m_styles = [ 'o', '+', '.', ',', 's', 'v', 'x', '<', '>' ]
color = colors[idx % len(colors)]
if style == 'line':
style = l_styles[(idx / len(l_styles)) % len(l_styles)]
elif style == 'marker':
style = m_styles[(idx / len(m_styles)) % len(m_styles)]
return '%s%s' % (color, style)
def gen_legends(a, legends):
leg = ax.legend(legends, 'best', shadow=True)
frame = leg.get_frame()
for t in leg.get_texts():
global add_legend, output_file, title_str, verbose
if output_file != None:
ofile = output_file
ofile = '%s.png' % type
if verbose:
print 'Generating plot into %s' % ofile
fig = plt.figure(figsize=plot_size)
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
gen_title(fig, type, title_str)
gen_labels(db, ax, type)
idx = 0
if add_legend:
legends = []
legends = None
keys = []
for file in db.iterkeys():
if not file in ['min_x', 'max_x', 'min_y', 'max_y']:
for file in keys:
dat = db[file]
if type == 'bnos':
ax.plot(dat['x'], dat['y'], color(idx, 'marker'),
elif dat['ax'] == None:
continue # Don't add legend
ax.plot(dat['ax'], dat['ay'], color(idx, 'line'),
if add_legend:
idx += 1
if add_legend and len(legends) > 0:
gen_legends(ax, legends)
def get_files(type):
"""Returns the list of files for the -A option based upon type"""
if type == 'bnos':
files = []
for fn in glob.glob('*c.dat'):
for t in [ 'q2q', 'd2d', 'q2c', 'd2c' ]:
if fn.find(t) >= 0:
files = glob.glob('*%s.dat' % type)
return files
if __name__ == '__main__':
files = parse_args(sys.argv)
if generate_all:
output_file = title_str = type = None
for t in types:
files = get_files(t)
if len(files) == 0:
elif t != 'bnos':
generate_output(t, get_data(files))
for file in files:
base = get_base(file)
title_str = 'Block Numbers Accessed: %s' % base
output_file = 'bnos_%s.png' % base
generate_output(t, get_data([file]))
elif len(files) < 1:
fatal('Need data files to process')
generate_output(type, get_data(files))