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<title>ImageMagick: Security Policy</title>
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<p class="lead magick-description">ImageMagick includes a security policy configuration file, <code>policy.xml</code>. It is useful for limiting the resources consumed by ImageMagick and can help prevent a denial-of-service or other exploits.</p>
<p>As an example, suppose you download an image from the internet and unbeknownst to you its been crafted to generate a 20000 by 20000 pixel image. ImageMagick attempts to allocate enough resources (memory, disk) and your system will likely deny the resource request and exit. However, its also possible that your computer might be temporarily sluggish or unavailable or ImageMagick may abort. To prevent such a scenario, you can set limits in the <code>policy.xml</code> configuration file. You may ask why ImageMagick does not already include reasonable limits? Simply because what is reasonable in your environment, might not be reasonable to someone else. We, for example, have access to a host with 1TB of memory whereas you may be running ImageMagick on an iPhone. If you utilize ImageMagick from a public website, you may want to increase security by preventing usage of the MVG or HTTPS coders. Only you can decide what are reasonable limits taking in consideration your environment. We provide this policy with reasonable limits and encourage you to use as a template for your own policy:</p>
<pre class="pre-scrollable">
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="temporary-path" value="/tmp"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="memory" value="256MiB"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="map" value="512MiB"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="width" value="8KP"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="height" value="8KP"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="area" value="128MB"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="disk" value="1GiB"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="file" value="768"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="thread" value="2"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="throttle" value="0"/>
&lt;policy domain="resource" name="time" value="120"/>
&lt;policy domain="system" name="precision" value="6"/>
&lt;policy domain="cache" name="shared-secret" stealth="true" value="replace with your secret phrase"/>
&lt;policy domain="coder" rights="none" pattern="MVG" />
&lt;policy domain="delegate" rights="none" pattern="HTTPS" /> <!-- prevent 'curl' program from reading HTTPS URL's -->
&lt;policy domain="path" rights="none" pattern="@*"/> <!-- indirect reads not permitted -->
<p>Since we process multiple simultaneous sessions, we do not want any one session consuming all the available memory.With this policy, large images are cached to disk. If the image is too large and exceeds the pixel cache disk limit, the program exits. In addition, we place a time limit to prevent any run-away processing tasks. If any one image has a width or height that exceeds 8192 pixels, an exception is thrown and processing stops. As of ImageMagick 7.0.1-8 and 6.9.4-6, you can prevent the use of any delegate or all delegates (set the pattern to "*"). Note, prior to these releases, use a domain of <code>coder</code> to prevent delegate usage (e.g. <code>domain="coder" rights="none" pattern="HTTPS"</code>). The policy also prevents indirect reads. If you want to, for example, read text from a file (e.g. <code>caption:@myCaption.txt</code>), you'll need to remove this policy.</p>
<p>Here is what you can expect when you restrict the HTTPS coder, for example:</p>
$ convert wizard.jpg
convert: not authorized `HTTPS'
convert: unable to open file: No such file or directory
convert: no images defined `wizard.jpg'
<p>You can verify your policy changes are in effect with this command:</p>
<pre class="pre-scrollable">
-> identify -list policy
Path: ImageMagick/policy.xml
Policy: Resource
name: time
value: 120
Policy: Resource
name: throttle
value: 0
Policy: Resource
name: thread
value: 2
Policy: Resource
name: file
value: 768
Policy: Resource
name: disk
value: 1GiB
Policy: Resource
name: map
value: 512MiB
Policy: Resource
name: memory
value: 256MiB
Policy: Resource
name: area
value: 128MB
Policy: Resource
name: height
value: 8KP
Policy: Resource
name: width
value: 8KP
Policy: Resource
name: temporary-path
value: /tmp
Policy: System
name: precision
value: 6
Policy: Cache
name: shared-secret
value: My voice is my passport. Verify me.
Policy: Path
rights: None
pattern: @*
Path: [built-in]
Policy: Undefined
rights: None
<p>For additional details about resource limits and the policy configuration file, read <a href="resources.html">Resources</a> and <a href="architecture.html">Architecture</a>.</p>
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