Add prefer_sanitize.* properties to apex

It is used to configure an apex to prefere specific sanitizer variants
if available. For example, if a lib is with sanitize: {cfi: true} then
an APEX with prefer_sanitize: {cfi: true} will use the sanitized variant
of the lib.

Bug: 124128094
Test: m on marlin
extractor libraries are found under /system/apex/com.android.media

Change-Id: I858778eef78c5791cdeb497c7c11688cb128b5fe
(cherry picked from commit 235e67c281b0bb1024cb6850fb894d04ca3a75f0)
diff --git a/apex/apex.go b/apex/apex.go
index 95cee0c..0337afb 100644
--- a/apex/apex.go
+++ b/apex/apex.go
@@ -252,6 +252,19 @@
 	Ignore_system_library_special_case *bool
 
 	Multilib apexMultilibProperties
+
+	Prefer_sanitize struct {
+		// Prefer native libraries with asan if available
+		Address *bool
+		// Prefer native libraries with hwasan if available
+		Hwaddress *bool
+		// Prefer native libraries with tsan if available
+		Thread *bool
+		// Prefer native libraries with integer_overflow if available
+		Integer_overflow *bool
+		// Prefer native libraries with cfi if available
+		Cfi *bool
+	}
 }
 
 type apexTargetBundleProperties struct {
@@ -527,6 +540,31 @@
 }
 
 func (a *apexBundle) IsSanitizerEnabled(ctx android.BaseModuleContext, sanitizerName string) bool {
+	// If this APEX is configured to prefer a sanitizer, use it
+	switch sanitizerName {
+	case "asan":
+		if proptools.Bool(a.properties.Prefer_sanitize.Address) {
+			return true
+		}
+	case "hwasan":
+		if proptools.Bool(a.properties.Prefer_sanitize.Hwaddress) {
+			return true
+		}
+	case "tsan":
+		if proptools.Bool(a.properties.Prefer_sanitize.Thread) {
+			return true
+		}
+	case "cfi":
+		if proptools.Bool(a.properties.Prefer_sanitize.Cfi) {
+			return true
+		}
+	case "integer_overflow":
+		if proptools.Bool(a.properties.Prefer_sanitize.Integer_overflow) {
+			return true
+		}
+	}
+
+	// Then follow the global setting
 	globalSanitizerNames := []string{}
 	if a.Host() {
 		globalSanitizerNames = ctx.Config().SanitizeHost()