blob: 54bf72ff5ecba76af338cbde3764565c312d2c62 [file] [log] [blame]
/* commands/sysloader/installer/installer.c
*
* Copyright 2008, The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#define LOG_TAG "installer"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <cutils/config_utils.h>
#include <cutils/log.h>
#include "diskconfig/diskconfig.h"
#include "installer.h"
#define MKE2FS_BIN "/system/bin/mke2fs"
#define E2FSCK_BIN "/system/bin/e2fsck"
#define TUNE2FS_BIN "/system/bin/tune2fs"
#define RESIZE2FS_BIN "/system/bin/resize2fs"
static int
usage(void)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s\n", LOG_TAG);
fprintf(stderr, "\t-c <path> - Path to installer conf file "
"(/system/etc/installer.conf)\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\t-l <path> - Path to device disk layout conf file "
"(/system/etc/disk_layout.conf)\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\t-h - This help message\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\t-d - Dump the compiled in partition info.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\t-p <path> - Path to device that should be mounted"
" to /data.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\t-t - Test mode. Don't write anything to disk.\n");
return 1;
}
static cnode *
read_conf_file(const char *fn)
{
cnode *root = config_node("", "");
config_load_file(root, fn);
if (root->first_child == NULL) {
LOGE("Could not read config file %s", fn);
return NULL;
}
return root;
}
static int
exec_cmd(const char *cmd, ...) /* const char *arg, ...) */
{
va_list ap;
int size = 0;
char *str;
char *outbuf;
int rv;
/* compute the size for the command buffer */
size = strlen(cmd) + 1;
va_start(ap, cmd);
while ((str = va_arg(ap, char *))) {
size += strlen(str) + 1; /* need room for the space separator */
}
va_end(ap);
if (!(outbuf = malloc(size + 1))) {
LOGE("Can't allocate memory to exec cmd");
return -1;
}
/* this is a bit inefficient, but is trivial, and works */
strcpy(outbuf, cmd);
va_start(ap, cmd);
while ((str = va_arg(ap, char *))) {
strcat(outbuf, " ");
strcat(outbuf, str);
}
va_end(ap);
ALOGI("Executing: %s", outbuf);
rv = system(outbuf);
free(outbuf);
if (rv < 0) {
ALOGI("Error while trying to execute '%s'", cmd);
return -1;
}
rv = WEXITSTATUS(rv);
ALOGI("Done executing %s (%d)", outbuf, rv);
return rv;
}
static int
do_fsck(const char *dst, int force)
{
int rv;
const char *opts = force ? "-fy" : "-y";
ALOGI("Running e2fsck... (force=%d) This MAY take a while.", force);
if ((rv = exec_cmd(E2FSCK_BIN, "-C 0", opts, dst, NULL)) < 0)
return 1;
if (rv >= 4) {
LOGE("Error while running e2fsck: %d", rv);
return 1;
}
sync();
ALOGI("e2fsck succeeded (exit code: %d)", rv);
return 0;
}
static int
process_ext2_image(const char *dst, const char *src, uint32_t flags, int test)
{
int rv;
/* First, write the image to disk. */
if (write_raw_image(dst, src, 0, test))
return 1;
if (test)
return 0;
/* Next, let's e2fsck the fs to make sure it got written ok, and
* everything is peachy */
if (do_fsck(dst, 1))
return 1;
/* set the mount count to 1 so that 1st mount on boot doesn't complain */
if ((rv = exec_cmd(TUNE2FS_BIN, "-C", "1", dst, NULL)) < 0)
return 1;
if (rv) {
LOGE("Error while running tune2fs: %d", rv);
return 1;
}
/* If the user requested that we resize, let's do it now */
if (flags & INSTALL_FLAG_RESIZE) {
if ((rv = exec_cmd(RESIZE2FS_BIN, "-F", dst, NULL)) < 0)
return 1;
if (rv) {
LOGE("Error while running resize2fs: %d", rv);
return 1;
}
sync();
if (do_fsck(dst, 0))
return 1;
}
/* make this an ext3 fs? */
if (flags & INSTALL_FLAG_ADDJOURNAL) {
if ((rv = exec_cmd(TUNE2FS_BIN, "-j", dst, NULL)) < 0)
return 1;
if (rv) {
LOGE("Error while running tune2fs: %d", rv);
return 1;
}
sync();
if (do_fsck(dst, 0))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* TODO: PLEASE break up this function into several functions that just
* do what they need with the image node. Many of them will end up
* looking at same strings, but it will be sooo much cleaner */
static int
process_image_node(cnode *img, struct disk_info *dinfo, int test)
{
struct part_info *pinfo = NULL;
loff_t offset = (loff_t)-1;
const char *filename = NULL;
char *dest_part = NULL;
const char *tmp;
uint32_t flags = 0;
uint8_t type = 0;
int rv;
int func_ret = 1;
filename = config_str(img, "filename", NULL);
/* process the 'offset' image parameter */
if ((tmp = config_str(img, "offset", NULL)) != NULL)
offset = strtoull(tmp, NULL, 0);
/* process the 'partition' image parameter */
if ((tmp = config_str(img, "partition", NULL)) != NULL) {
if (offset != (loff_t)-1) {
LOGE("Cannot specify the partition name AND an offset for %s",
img->name);
goto fail;
}
if (!(pinfo = find_part(dinfo, tmp))) {
LOGE("Cannot find partition %s while processing %s",
tmp, img->name);
goto fail;
}
if (!(dest_part = find_part_device(dinfo, pinfo->name))) {
LOGE("Could not get the device name for partition %s while"
" processing image %s", pinfo->name, img->name);
goto fail;
}
offset = pinfo->start_lba * dinfo->sect_size;
}
/* process the 'mkfs' parameter */
if ((tmp = config_str(img, "mkfs", NULL)) != NULL) {
char *journal_opts;
char vol_lbl[16]; /* ext2/3 has a 16-char volume label */
if (!pinfo) {
LOGE("Target partition required for mkfs for '%s'", img->name);
goto fail;
} else if (filename) {
LOGE("Providing filename and mkfs parameters is meaningless");
goto fail;
}
if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext4"))
journal_opts = "";
else if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext2"))
journal_opts = "";
else if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext3"))
journal_opts = "-j";
else {
LOGE("Unknown filesystem type for mkfs: %s", tmp);
goto fail;
}
/* put the partition name as the volume label */
strncpy(vol_lbl, pinfo->name, sizeof(vol_lbl));
/* since everything checked out, lets make the fs, and return since
* we don't need to do anything else */
rv = exec_cmd(MKE2FS_BIN, "-L", vol_lbl, journal_opts, dest_part, NULL);
if (rv < 0)
goto fail;
else if (rv > 0) {
LOGE("Error while running mke2fs: %d", rv);
goto fail;
}
sync();
if (do_fsck(dest_part, 0))
goto fail;
goto done;
}
/* since we didn't mkfs above, all the rest of the options assume
* there's a filename involved */
if (!filename) {
LOGE("Filename is required for image %s", img->name);
goto fail;
}
/* process the 'flags' image parameter */
if ((tmp = config_str(img, "flags", NULL)) != NULL) {
char *flagstr, *flagstr_orig;
if (!(flagstr = flagstr_orig = strdup(tmp))) {
LOGE("Cannot allocate memory for dup'd flags string");
goto fail;
}
while ((tmp = strsep(&flagstr, ","))) {
if (!strcmp(tmp, "resize"))
flags |= INSTALL_FLAG_RESIZE;
else if (!strcmp(tmp, "addjournal"))
flags |= INSTALL_FLAG_ADDJOURNAL;
else {
LOGE("Unknown flag '%s' for image %s", tmp, img->name);
free(flagstr_orig);
goto fail;
}
}
free(flagstr_orig);
}
/* process the 'type' image parameter */
if (!(tmp = config_str(img, "type", NULL))) {
LOGE("Type is required for image %s", img->name);
goto fail;
} else if (!strcmp(tmp, "raw")) {
type = INSTALL_IMAGE_RAW;
} else if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext2")) {
type = INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT2;
} else if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext3")) {
type = INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT3;
} else if (!strcmp(tmp, "ext4")) {
type = INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT4;
} else {
LOGE("Unknown image type '%s' for image %s", tmp, img->name);
goto fail;
}
/* at this point we MUST either have a partition in 'pinfo' or a raw
* 'offset', otherwise quit */
if (!pinfo && (offset == (loff_t)-1)) {
LOGE("Offset to write into the disk is unknown for %s", img->name);
goto fail;
}
if (!pinfo && (type != INSTALL_IMAGE_RAW)) {
LOGE("Only raw images can specify direct offset on the disk. Please"
" specify the target partition name instead. (%s)", img->name);
goto fail;
}
switch(type) {
case INSTALL_IMAGE_RAW:
if (write_raw_image(dinfo->device, filename, offset, test))
goto fail;
break;
case INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT3:
/* makes the error checking in the imager function easier */
if (flags & INSTALL_FLAG_ADDJOURNAL) {
LOGW("addjournal flag is meaningless for ext3 images");
flags &= ~INSTALL_FLAG_ADDJOURNAL;
}
/* ...fall through... */
case INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT4:
/* fallthru */
case INSTALL_IMAGE_EXT2:
if (process_ext2_image(dest_part, filename, flags, test))
goto fail;
break;
default:
LOGE("Unknown image type: %d", type);
goto fail;
}
done:
func_ret = 0;
fail:
if (dest_part)
free(dest_part);
return func_ret;
}
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
char *disk_conf_file = "/system/etc/disk_layout.conf";
char *inst_conf_file = "/system/etc/installer.conf";
char *inst_data_dir = "/data";
char *inst_data_dev = NULL;
char *data_fstype = "ext4";
cnode *config;
cnode *images;
cnode *img;
int cnt = 0;
struct disk_info *device_disk_info;
int dump = 0;
int test = 0;
int x;
while ((x = getopt (argc, argv, "thdc:l:p:")) != EOF) {
switch (x) {
case 'h':
return usage();
case 'c':
inst_conf_file = optarg;
break;
case 'l':
disk_conf_file = optarg;
break;
case 't':
test = 1;
break;
case 'p':
inst_data_dev = optarg;
break;
case 'd':
dump = 1;
break;
default:
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown argument: %c\n", (char)optopt);
return usage();
}
}
/* If the user asked us to wait for data device, wait for it to appear,
* and then mount it onto /data */
if (inst_data_dev && !dump) {
struct stat filestat;
ALOGI("Waiting for device: %s", inst_data_dev);
while (stat(inst_data_dev, &filestat))
sleep(1);
ALOGI("Device %s ready", inst_data_dev);
if (mount(inst_data_dev, inst_data_dir, data_fstype, MS_RDONLY, NULL)) {
LOGE("Could not mount %s on %s as %s", inst_data_dev, inst_data_dir,
data_fstype);
return 1;
}
}
/* Read and process the disk configuration */
if (!(device_disk_info = load_diskconfig(disk_conf_file, NULL))) {
LOGE("Errors encountered while loading disk conf file %s",
disk_conf_file);
return 1;
}
if (process_disk_config(device_disk_info)) {
LOGE("Errors encountered while processing disk config from %s",
disk_conf_file);
return 1;
}
/* Was all of this for educational purposes? If so, quit. */
if (dump) {
dump_disk_config(device_disk_info);
return 0;
}
/* This doesnt do anything but load the config file */
if (!(config = read_conf_file(inst_conf_file)))
return 1;
/* First, partition the drive */
if (apply_disk_config(device_disk_info, test))
return 1;
/* Now process the installer config file and write the images to disk */
if (!(images = config_find(config, "images"))) {
LOGE("Invalid configuration file %s. Missing 'images' section",
inst_conf_file);
return 1;
}
for (img = images->first_child; img; img = img->next) {
if (process_image_node(img, device_disk_info, test)) {
LOGE("Unable to write data to partition. Try running 'installer' again.");
return 1;
}
++cnt;
}
/*
* We have to do the apply() twice. We must do it once before the image
* writes to layout the disk partitions so that we can write images to
* them. We then do the apply() again in case one of the images
* replaced the MBR with a new bootloader, and thus messed with
* partition table.
*/
if (apply_disk_config(device_disk_info, test))
return 1;
ALOGI("Done processing installer config. Configured %d images", cnt);
ALOGI("Type 'reboot' or reset to run new image");
return 0;
}