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/*
* Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
* the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
* distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
* INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
* BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
* OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
* AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
* OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
* OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <android/api-level.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <new>
#include <string>
#include <unordered_map>
#include <vector>
// Private C library headers.
#include "private/bionic_globals.h"
#include "private/bionic_tls.h"
#include "private/KernelArgumentBlock.h"
#include "private/ScopedPthreadMutexLocker.h"
#include "private/ScopeGuard.h"
#include "linker.h"
#include "linker_block_allocator.h"
#include "linker_gdb_support.h"
#include "linker_debug.h"
#include "linker_sleb128.h"
#include "linker_phdr.h"
#include "linker_relocs.h"
#include "linker_reloc_iterators.h"
#include "linker_utils.h"
#include "android-base/strings.h"
#include "ziparchive/zip_archive.h"
extern void __libc_init_globals(KernelArgumentBlock&);
extern void __libc_init_AT_SECURE(KernelArgumentBlock&);
extern "C" void _start();
// Override macros to use C++ style casts.
#undef ELF_ST_TYPE
#define ELF_ST_TYPE(x) (static_cast<uint32_t>(x) & 0xf)
struct android_namespace_t {
public:
android_namespace_t() : name_(nullptr), is_isolated_(false) {}
const char* get_name() const { return name_; }
void set_name(const char* name) { name_ = name; }
bool is_isolated() const { return is_isolated_; }
void set_isolated(bool isolated) { is_isolated_ = isolated; }
const std::vector<std::string>& get_ld_library_paths() const {
return ld_library_paths_;
}
void set_ld_library_paths(std::vector<std::string>&& library_paths) {
ld_library_paths_ = library_paths;
}
const std::vector<std::string>& get_default_library_paths() const {
return default_library_paths_;
}
void set_default_library_paths(std::vector<std::string>&& library_paths) {
default_library_paths_ = library_paths;
}
const std::vector<std::string>& get_permitted_paths() const {
return permitted_paths_;
}
void set_permitted_paths(std::vector<std::string>&& permitted_paths) {
permitted_paths_ = permitted_paths;
}
void add_soinfo(soinfo* si) {
soinfo_list_.push_back(si);
}
void add_soinfos(const soinfo::soinfo_list_t& soinfos) {
for (auto si : soinfos) {
add_soinfo(si);
si->add_secondary_namespace(this);
}
}
void remove_soinfo(soinfo* si) {
soinfo_list_.remove_if([&](soinfo* candidate) {
return si == candidate;
});
}
const soinfo::soinfo_list_t& soinfo_list() const { return soinfo_list_; }
// For isolated namespaces - checks if the file is on the search path;
// always returns true for not isolated namespace.
bool is_accessible(const std::string& path);
private:
const char* name_;
bool is_isolated_;
std::vector<std::string> ld_library_paths_;
std::vector<std::string> default_library_paths_;
std::vector<std::string> permitted_paths_;
soinfo::soinfo_list_t soinfo_list_;
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(android_namespace_t);
};
android_namespace_t g_default_namespace;
static std::unordered_map<uintptr_t, soinfo*> g_soinfo_handles_map;
static android_namespace_t* g_anonymous_namespace = &g_default_namespace;
static ElfW(Addr) get_elf_exec_load_bias(const ElfW(Ehdr)* elf);
static LinkerTypeAllocator<soinfo> g_soinfo_allocator;
static LinkerTypeAllocator<LinkedListEntry<soinfo>> g_soinfo_links_allocator;
static LinkerTypeAllocator<android_namespace_t> g_namespace_allocator;
static LinkerTypeAllocator<LinkedListEntry<android_namespace_t>> g_namespace_list_allocator;
static soinfo* solist;
static soinfo* sonext;
static soinfo* somain; // main process, always the one after libdl_info
static const char* const kDefaultLdPaths[] = {
#if defined(__LP64__)
"/system/lib64",
"/vendor/lib64",
#else
"/system/lib",
"/vendor/lib",
#endif
nullptr
};
static const char* const kAsanDefaultLdPaths[] = {
#if defined(__LP64__)
"/data/lib64",
"/system/lib64",
"/data/vendor/lib64",
"/vendor/lib64",
#else
"/data/lib",
"/system/lib",
"/data/vendor/lib",
"/vendor/lib",
#endif
nullptr
};
static const ElfW(Versym) kVersymNotNeeded = 0;
static const ElfW(Versym) kVersymGlobal = 1;
static const char* const* g_default_ld_paths;
static std::vector<std::string> g_ld_preload_names;
static std::vector<soinfo*> g_ld_preloads;
static bool g_public_namespace_initialized;
static soinfo::soinfo_list_t g_public_namespace;
__LIBC_HIDDEN__ int g_ld_debug_verbosity;
__LIBC_HIDDEN__ abort_msg_t* g_abort_message = nullptr; // For debuggerd.
static std::string dirname(const char *path) {
const char* last_slash = strrchr(path, '/');
if (last_slash == path) return "/";
else if (last_slash == nullptr) return ".";
else
return std::string(path, last_slash - path);
}
#if STATS
struct linker_stats_t {
int count[kRelocMax];
};
static linker_stats_t linker_stats;
void count_relocation(RelocationKind kind) {
++linker_stats.count[kind];
}
#else
void count_relocation(RelocationKind) {
}
#endif
#if COUNT_PAGES
uint32_t bitmask[4096];
#endif
static char __linker_dl_err_buf[768];
char* linker_get_error_buffer() {
return &__linker_dl_err_buf[0];
}
size_t linker_get_error_buffer_size() {
return sizeof(__linker_dl_err_buf);
}
static void notify_gdb_of_load(soinfo* info) {
if (info->is_linker() || info->is_main_executable()) {
// gdb already knows about the linker and the main executable.
return;
}
link_map* map = &(info->link_map_head);
map->l_addr = info->load_bias;
// link_map l_name field is not const.
map->l_name = const_cast<char*>(info->get_realpath());
map->l_ld = info->dynamic;
CHECK(map->l_name != nullptr);
CHECK(map->l_name[0] != '\0');
notify_gdb_of_load(map);
}
static void notify_gdb_of_unload(soinfo* info) {
notify_gdb_of_unload(&(info->link_map_head));
}
bool android_namespace_t::is_accessible(const std::string& file) {
if (!is_isolated_) {
return true;
}
for (const auto& dir : ld_library_paths_) {
if (file_is_in_dir(file, dir)) {
return true;
}
}
for (const auto& dir : default_library_paths_) {
if (file_is_in_dir(file, dir)) {
return true;
}
}
for (const auto& dir : permitted_paths_) {
if (file_is_under_dir(file, dir)) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
LinkedListEntry<soinfo>* SoinfoListAllocator::alloc() {
return g_soinfo_links_allocator.alloc();
}
void SoinfoListAllocator::free(LinkedListEntry<soinfo>* entry) {
g_soinfo_links_allocator.free(entry);
}
LinkedListEntry<android_namespace_t>* NamespaceListAllocator::alloc() {
return g_namespace_list_allocator.alloc();
}
void NamespaceListAllocator::free(LinkedListEntry<android_namespace_t>* entry) {
g_namespace_list_allocator.free(entry);
}
static soinfo* soinfo_alloc(android_namespace_t* ns, const char* name,
struct stat* file_stat, off64_t file_offset,
uint32_t rtld_flags) {
if (strlen(name) >= PATH_MAX) {
DL_ERR("library name \"%s\" too long", name);
return nullptr;
}
soinfo* si = new (g_soinfo_allocator.alloc()) soinfo(ns, name, file_stat,
file_offset, rtld_flags);
sonext->next = si;
sonext = si;
si->generate_handle();
ns->add_soinfo(si);
TRACE("name %s: allocated soinfo @ %p", name, si);
return si;
}
static void soinfo_free(soinfo* si) {
if (si == nullptr) {
return;
}
if (si->base != 0 && si->size != 0) {
if (!si->is_mapped_by_caller()) {
munmap(reinterpret_cast<void*>(si->base), si->size);
} else {
// remap the region as PROT_NONE, MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_NORESERVE
mmap(reinterpret_cast<void*>(si->base), si->size, PROT_NONE,
MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_NORESERVE, -1, 0);
}
}
soinfo *prev = nullptr, *trav;
TRACE("name %s: freeing soinfo @ %p", si->get_realpath(), si);
for (trav = solist; trav != nullptr; trav = trav->next) {
if (trav == si) {
break;
}
prev = trav;
}
if (trav == nullptr) {
// si was not in solist
DL_ERR("name \"%s\"@%p is not in solist!", si->get_realpath(), si);
return;
}
// clear links to/from si
si->remove_all_links();
// prev will never be null, because the first entry in solist is
// always the static libdl_info.
prev->next = si->next;
if (si == sonext) {
sonext = prev;
}
si->~soinfo();
g_soinfo_allocator.free(si);
}
// For every path element this function checks of it exists, and is a directory,
// and normalizes it:
// 1. For regular path it converts it to realpath()
// 2. For path in a zip file it uses realpath on the zipfile
// normalizes entry name by calling normalize_path function.
static void resolve_paths(std::vector<std::string>& paths,
std::vector<std::string>* resolved_paths) {
resolved_paths->clear();
for (const auto& path : paths) {
char resolved_path[PATH_MAX];
const char* original_path = path.c_str();
if (realpath(original_path, resolved_path) != nullptr) {
struct stat s;
if (stat(resolved_path, &s) == 0) {
if (S_ISDIR(s.st_mode)) {
resolved_paths->push_back(resolved_path);
} else {
DL_WARN("Warning: \"%s\" is not a directory (excluding from path)", resolved_path);
continue;
}
} else {
DL_WARN("Warning: cannot stat file \"%s\": %s", resolved_path, strerror(errno));
continue;
}
} else {
std::string zip_path;
std::string entry_path;
std::string normalized_path;
if (!normalize_path(original_path, &normalized_path)) {
DL_WARN("Warning: unable to normalize \"%s\"", original_path);
continue;
}
if (parse_zip_path(normalized_path.c_str(), &zip_path, &entry_path)) {
if (realpath(zip_path.c_str(), resolved_path) == nullptr) {
DL_WARN("Warning: unable to resolve \"%s\": %s", zip_path.c_str(), strerror(errno));
continue;
}
ZipArchiveHandle handle = nullptr;
void* cookie = nullptr;
auto zip_guard = make_scope_guard([&]() {
if (cookie != nullptr) {
EndIteration(cookie);
}
if (handle != nullptr) {
CloseArchive(handle);
}
});
if (OpenArchive(resolved_path, &handle) != 0) {
DL_WARN("Warning: unable to open zip archive: %s", resolved_path);
continue;
}
// Check if zip-file has a dir with entry_path name
std::string prefix_str = entry_path + "/";
ZipString prefix(prefix_str.c_str());
ZipEntry out_data;
ZipString out_name;
int32_t error_code;
if ((error_code = StartIteration(handle, &cookie, &prefix, nullptr)) != 0) {
DL_WARN("Unable to iterate over zip-archive entries \"%s\";"
" error code: %d", zip_path.c_str(), error_code);
continue;
}
if (Next(cookie, &out_data, &out_name) != 0) {
DL_WARN("Unable to find entries starting with \"%s\" in \"%s\"",
prefix_str.c_str(), zip_path.c_str());
continue;
}
resolved_paths->push_back(std::string(resolved_path) + kZipFileSeparator + entry_path);
}
}
}
}
static void split_path(const char* path, const char* delimiters,
std::vector<std::string>* paths) {
if (path != nullptr && path[0] != 0) {
*paths = android::base::Split(path, delimiters);
}
}
static void parse_path(const char* path, const char* delimiters,
std::vector<std::string>* resolved_paths) {
std::vector<std::string> paths;
split_path(path, delimiters, &paths);
resolve_paths(paths, resolved_paths);
}
static void parse_LD_LIBRARY_PATH(const char* path) {
std::vector<std::string> ld_libary_paths;
parse_path(path, ":", &ld_libary_paths);
g_default_namespace.set_ld_library_paths(std::move(ld_libary_paths));
}
void soinfo::set_dt_runpath(const char* path) {
if (!has_min_version(3)) {
return;
}
std::vector<std::string> runpaths;
split_path(path, ":", &runpaths);
std::string origin = dirname(get_realpath());
// FIXME: add $LIB and $PLATFORM.
std::pair<std::string, std::string> substs[] = {{"ORIGIN", origin}};
for (auto&& s : runpaths) {
size_t pos = 0;
while (pos < s.size()) {
pos = s.find("$", pos);
if (pos == std::string::npos) break;
for (const auto& subst : substs) {
const std::string& token = subst.first;
const std::string& replacement = subst.second;
if (s.substr(pos + 1, token.size()) == token) {
s.replace(pos, token.size() + 1, replacement);
// -1 to compensate for the ++pos below.
pos += replacement.size() - 1;
break;
} else if (s.substr(pos + 1, token.size() + 2) == "{" + token + "}") {
s.replace(pos, token.size() + 3, replacement);
pos += replacement.size() - 1;
break;
}
}
// Skip $ in case it did not match any of the known substitutions.
++pos;
}
}
resolve_paths(runpaths, &dt_runpath_);
}
static void parse_LD_PRELOAD(const char* path) {
g_ld_preload_names.clear();
if (path != nullptr) {
// We have historically supported ':' as well as ' ' in LD_PRELOAD.
g_ld_preload_names = android::base::Split(path, " :");
}
}
static bool realpath_fd(int fd, std::string* realpath) {
std::vector<char> buf(PATH_MAX), proc_self_fd(PATH_MAX);
__libc_format_buffer(&proc_self_fd[0], proc_self_fd.size(), "/proc/self/fd/%d", fd);
if (readlink(&proc_self_fd[0], &buf[0], buf.size()) == -1) {
PRINT("readlink('%s') failed: %s [fd=%d]", &proc_self_fd[0], strerror(errno), fd);
return false;
}
*realpath = &buf[0];
return true;
}
#if defined(__arm__)
// For a given PC, find the .so that it belongs to.
// Returns the base address of the .ARM.exidx section
// for that .so, and the number of 8-byte entries
// in that section (via *pcount).
//
// Intended to be called by libc's __gnu_Unwind_Find_exidx().
//
// This function is exposed via dlfcn.cpp and libdl.so.
_Unwind_Ptr dl_unwind_find_exidx(_Unwind_Ptr pc, int* pcount) {
uintptr_t addr = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(pc);
for (soinfo* si = solist; si != 0; si = si->next) {
if ((addr >= si->base) && (addr < (si->base + si->size))) {
*pcount = si->ARM_exidx_count;
return reinterpret_cast<_Unwind_Ptr>(si->ARM_exidx);
}
}
*pcount = 0;
return nullptr;
}
#endif
// Here, we only have to provide a callback to iterate across all the
// loaded libraries. gcc_eh does the rest.
int do_dl_iterate_phdr(int (*cb)(dl_phdr_info* info, size_t size, void* data), void* data) {
int rv = 0;
for (soinfo* si = solist; si != nullptr; si = si->next) {
dl_phdr_info dl_info;
dl_info.dlpi_addr = si->link_map_head.l_addr;
dl_info.dlpi_name = si->link_map_head.l_name;
dl_info.dlpi_phdr = si->phdr;
dl_info.dlpi_phnum = si->phnum;
rv = cb(&dl_info, sizeof(dl_phdr_info), data);
if (rv != 0) {
break;
}
}
return rv;
}
const ElfW(Versym)* soinfo::get_versym(size_t n) const {
if (has_min_version(2) && versym_ != nullptr) {
return versym_ + n;
}
return nullptr;
}
ElfW(Addr) soinfo::get_verneed_ptr() const {
if (has_min_version(2)) {
return verneed_ptr_;
}
return 0;
}
size_t soinfo::get_verneed_cnt() const {
if (has_min_version(2)) {
return verneed_cnt_;
}
return 0;
}
ElfW(Addr) soinfo::get_verdef_ptr() const {
if (has_min_version(2)) {
return verdef_ptr_;
}
return 0;
}
size_t soinfo::get_verdef_cnt() const {
if (has_min_version(2)) {
return verdef_cnt_;
}
return 0;
}
template<typename F>
static bool for_each_verdef(const soinfo* si, F functor) {
if (!si->has_min_version(2)) {
return true;
}
uintptr_t verdef_ptr = si->get_verdef_ptr();
if (verdef_ptr == 0) {
return true;
}
size_t offset = 0;
size_t verdef_cnt = si->get_verdef_cnt();
for (size_t i = 0; i<verdef_cnt; ++i) {
const ElfW(Verdef)* verdef = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Verdef)*>(verdef_ptr + offset);
size_t verdaux_offset = offset + verdef->vd_aux;
offset += verdef->vd_next;
if (verdef->vd_version != 1) {
DL_ERR("unsupported verdef[%zd] vd_version: %d (expected 1) library: %s",
i, verdef->vd_version, si->get_realpath());
return false;
}
if ((verdef->vd_flags & VER_FLG_BASE) != 0) {
// "this is the version of the file itself. It must not be used for
// matching a symbol. It can be used to match references."
//
// http://www.akkadia.org/drepper/symbol-versioning
continue;
}
if (verdef->vd_cnt == 0) {
DL_ERR("invalid verdef[%zd] vd_cnt == 0 (version without a name)", i);
return false;
}
const ElfW(Verdaux)* verdaux = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Verdaux)*>(verdef_ptr + verdaux_offset);
if (functor(i, verdef, verdaux) == true) {
break;
}
}
return true;
}
bool soinfo::find_verdef_version_index(const version_info* vi, ElfW(Versym)* versym) const {
if (vi == nullptr) {
*versym = kVersymNotNeeded;
return true;
}
*versym = kVersymGlobal;
return for_each_verdef(this,
[&](size_t, const ElfW(Verdef)* verdef, const ElfW(Verdaux)* verdaux) {
if (verdef->vd_hash == vi->elf_hash &&
strcmp(vi->name, get_string(verdaux->vda_name)) == 0) {
*versym = verdef->vd_ndx;
return true;
}
return false;
}
);
}
bool soinfo::find_symbol_by_name(SymbolName& symbol_name,
const version_info* vi,
const ElfW(Sym)** symbol) const {
uint32_t symbol_index;
bool success =
is_gnu_hash() ?
gnu_lookup(symbol_name, vi, &symbol_index) :
elf_lookup(symbol_name, vi, &symbol_index);
if (success) {
*symbol = symbol_index == 0 ? nullptr : symtab_ + symbol_index;
}
return success;
}
static bool is_symbol_global_and_defined(const soinfo* si, const ElfW(Sym)* s) {
if (ELF_ST_BIND(s->st_info) == STB_GLOBAL ||
ELF_ST_BIND(s->st_info) == STB_WEAK) {
return s->st_shndx != SHN_UNDEF;
} else if (ELF_ST_BIND(s->st_info) != STB_LOCAL) {
DL_WARN("unexpected ST_BIND value: %d for '%s' in '%s'",
ELF_ST_BIND(s->st_info), si->get_string(s->st_name), si->get_realpath());
}
return false;
}
static const ElfW(Versym) kVersymHiddenBit = 0x8000;
static inline bool is_versym_hidden(const ElfW(Versym)* versym) {
// the symbol is hidden if bit 15 of versym is set.
return versym != nullptr && (*versym & kVersymHiddenBit) != 0;
}
static inline bool check_symbol_version(const ElfW(Versym) verneed,
const ElfW(Versym)* verdef) {
return verneed == kVersymNotNeeded ||
verdef == nullptr ||
verneed == (*verdef & ~kVersymHiddenBit);
}
bool soinfo::gnu_lookup(SymbolName& symbol_name,
const version_info* vi,
uint32_t* symbol_index) const {
uint32_t hash = symbol_name.gnu_hash();
uint32_t h2 = hash >> gnu_shift2_;
uint32_t bloom_mask_bits = sizeof(ElfW(Addr))*8;
uint32_t word_num = (hash / bloom_mask_bits) & gnu_maskwords_;
ElfW(Addr) bloom_word = gnu_bloom_filter_[word_num];
*symbol_index = 0;
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "SEARCH %s in %s@%p (gnu)",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>(base));
// test against bloom filter
if ((1 & (bloom_word >> (hash % bloom_mask_bits)) & (bloom_word >> (h2 % bloom_mask_bits))) == 0) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "NOT FOUND %s in %s@%p",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>(base));
return true;
}
// bloom test says "probably yes"...
uint32_t n = gnu_bucket_[hash % gnu_nbucket_];
if (n == 0) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "NOT FOUND %s in %s@%p",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>(base));
return true;
}
// lookup versym for the version definition in this library
// note the difference between "version is not requested" (vi == nullptr)
// and "version not found". In the first case verneed is kVersymNotNeeded
// which implies that the default version can be accepted; the second case results in
// verneed = 1 (kVersymGlobal) and implies that we should ignore versioned symbols
// for this library and consider only *global* ones.
ElfW(Versym) verneed = 0;
if (!find_verdef_version_index(vi, &verneed)) {
return false;
}
do {
ElfW(Sym)* s = symtab_ + n;
const ElfW(Versym)* verdef = get_versym(n);
// skip hidden versions when verneed == kVersymNotNeeded (0)
if (verneed == kVersymNotNeeded && is_versym_hidden(verdef)) {
continue;
}
if (((gnu_chain_[n] ^ hash) >> 1) == 0 &&
check_symbol_version(verneed, verdef) &&
strcmp(get_string(s->st_name), symbol_name.get_name()) == 0 &&
is_symbol_global_and_defined(this, s)) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "FOUND %s in %s (%p) %zd",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>(s->st_value),
static_cast<size_t>(s->st_size));
*symbol_index = n;
return true;
}
} while ((gnu_chain_[n++] & 1) == 0);
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "NOT FOUND %s in %s@%p",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>(base));
return true;
}
bool soinfo::elf_lookup(SymbolName& symbol_name,
const version_info* vi,
uint32_t* symbol_index) const {
uint32_t hash = symbol_name.elf_hash();
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "SEARCH %s in %s@%p h=%x(elf) %zd",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(),
reinterpret_cast<void*>(base), hash, hash % nbucket_);
ElfW(Versym) verneed = 0;
if (!find_verdef_version_index(vi, &verneed)) {
return false;
}
for (uint32_t n = bucket_[hash % nbucket_]; n != 0; n = chain_[n]) {
ElfW(Sym)* s = symtab_ + n;
const ElfW(Versym)* verdef = get_versym(n);
// skip hidden versions when verneed == 0
if (verneed == kVersymNotNeeded && is_versym_hidden(verdef)) {
continue;
}
if (check_symbol_version(verneed, verdef) &&
strcmp(get_string(s->st_name), symbol_name.get_name()) == 0 &&
is_symbol_global_and_defined(this, s)) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "FOUND %s in %s (%p) %zd",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(),
reinterpret_cast<void*>(s->st_value),
static_cast<size_t>(s->st_size));
*symbol_index = n;
return true;
}
}
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "NOT FOUND %s in %s@%p %x %zd",
symbol_name.get_name(), get_realpath(),
reinterpret_cast<void*>(base), hash, hash % nbucket_);
*symbol_index = 0;
return true;
}
soinfo::soinfo(android_namespace_t* ns, const char* realpath,
const struct stat* file_stat, off64_t file_offset,
int rtld_flags) {
memset(this, 0, sizeof(*this));
if (realpath != nullptr) {
realpath_ = realpath;
}
flags_ = FLAG_NEW_SOINFO;
version_ = SOINFO_VERSION;
if (file_stat != nullptr) {
this->st_dev_ = file_stat->st_dev;
this->st_ino_ = file_stat->st_ino;
this->file_offset_ = file_offset;
}
this->rtld_flags_ = rtld_flags;
this->primary_namespace_ = ns;
}
soinfo::~soinfo() {
g_soinfo_handles_map.erase(handle_);
}
static uint32_t calculate_elf_hash(const char* name) {
const uint8_t* name_bytes = reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(name);
uint32_t h = 0, g;
while (*name_bytes) {
h = (h << 4) + *name_bytes++;
g = h & 0xf0000000;
h ^= g;
h ^= g >> 24;
}
return h;
}
uint32_t SymbolName::elf_hash() {
if (!has_elf_hash_) {
elf_hash_ = calculate_elf_hash(name_);
has_elf_hash_ = true;
}
return elf_hash_;
}
uint32_t SymbolName::gnu_hash() {
if (!has_gnu_hash_) {
uint32_t h = 5381;
const uint8_t* name = reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(name_);
while (*name != 0) {
h += (h << 5) + *name++; // h*33 + c = h + h * 32 + c = h + h << 5 + c
}
gnu_hash_ = h;
has_gnu_hash_ = true;
}
return gnu_hash_;
}
bool soinfo_do_lookup(soinfo* si_from, const char* name, const version_info* vi,
soinfo** si_found_in, const soinfo::soinfo_list_t& global_group,
const soinfo::soinfo_list_t& local_group, const ElfW(Sym)** symbol) {
SymbolName symbol_name(name);
const ElfW(Sym)* s = nullptr;
/* "This element's presence in a shared object library alters the dynamic linker's
* symbol resolution algorithm for references within the library. Instead of starting
* a symbol search with the executable file, the dynamic linker starts from the shared
* object itself. If the shared object fails to supply the referenced symbol, the
* dynamic linker then searches the executable file and other shared objects as usual."
*
* http://www.sco.com/developers/gabi/2012-12-31/ch5.dynamic.html
*
* Note that this is unlikely since static linker avoids generating
* relocations for -Bsymbolic linked dynamic executables.
*/
if (si_from->has_DT_SYMBOLIC) {
DEBUG("%s: looking up %s in local scope (DT_SYMBOLIC)", si_from->get_realpath(), name);
if (!si_from->find_symbol_by_name(symbol_name, vi, &s)) {
return false;
}
if (s != nullptr) {
*si_found_in = si_from;
}
}
// 1. Look for it in global_group
if (s == nullptr) {
bool error = false;
global_group.visit([&](soinfo* global_si) {
DEBUG("%s: looking up %s in %s (from global group)",
si_from->get_realpath(), name, global_si->get_realpath());
if (!global_si->find_symbol_by_name(symbol_name, vi, &s)) {
error = true;
return false;
}
if (s != nullptr) {
*si_found_in = global_si;
return false;
}
return true;
});
if (error) {
return false;
}
}
// 2. Look for it in the local group
if (s == nullptr) {
bool error = false;
local_group.visit([&](soinfo* local_si) {
if (local_si == si_from && si_from->has_DT_SYMBOLIC) {
// we already did this - skip
return true;
}
DEBUG("%s: looking up %s in %s (from local group)",
si_from->get_realpath(), name, local_si->get_realpath());
if (!local_si->find_symbol_by_name(symbol_name, vi, &s)) {
error = true;
return false;
}
if (s != nullptr) {
*si_found_in = local_si;
return false;
}
return true;
});
if (error) {
return false;
}
}
if (s != nullptr) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "si %s sym %s s->st_value = %p, "
"found in %s, base = %p, load bias = %p",
si_from->get_realpath(), name, reinterpret_cast<void*>(s->st_value),
(*si_found_in)->get_realpath(), reinterpret_cast<void*>((*si_found_in)->base),
reinterpret_cast<void*>((*si_found_in)->load_bias));
}
*symbol = s;
return true;
}
class ProtectedDataGuard {
public:
ProtectedDataGuard() {
if (ref_count_++ == 0) {
protect_data(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
}
}
~ProtectedDataGuard() {
if (ref_count_ == 0) { // overflow
__libc_fatal("Too many nested calls to dlopen()");
}
if (--ref_count_ == 0) {
protect_data(PROT_READ);
}
}
private:
void protect_data(int protection) {
g_soinfo_allocator.protect_all(protection);
g_soinfo_links_allocator.protect_all(protection);
g_namespace_allocator.protect_all(protection);
g_namespace_list_allocator.protect_all(protection);
}
static size_t ref_count_;
};
size_t ProtectedDataGuard::ref_count_ = 0;
// Each size has it's own allocator.
template<size_t size>
class SizeBasedAllocator {
public:
static void* alloc() {
return allocator_.alloc();
}
static void free(void* ptr) {
allocator_.free(ptr);
}
private:
static LinkerBlockAllocator allocator_;
};
template<size_t size>
LinkerBlockAllocator SizeBasedAllocator<size>::allocator_(size);
template<typename T>
class TypeBasedAllocator {
public:
static T* alloc() {
return reinterpret_cast<T*>(SizeBasedAllocator<sizeof(T)>::alloc());
}
static void free(T* ptr) {
SizeBasedAllocator<sizeof(T)>::free(ptr);
}
};
class LoadTask {
public:
struct deleter_t {
void operator()(LoadTask* t) {
t->~LoadTask();
TypeBasedAllocator<LoadTask>::free(t);
}
};
static deleter_t deleter;
static LoadTask* create(const char* name, soinfo* needed_by,
std::unordered_map<const soinfo*, ElfReader>* readers_map) {
LoadTask* ptr = TypeBasedAllocator<LoadTask>::alloc();
return new (ptr) LoadTask(name, needed_by, readers_map);
}
const char* get_name() const {
return name_;
}
soinfo* get_needed_by() const {
return needed_by_;
}
soinfo* get_soinfo() const {
return si_;
}
void set_soinfo(soinfo* si) {
si_ = si;
}
off64_t get_file_offset() const {
return file_offset_;
}
void set_file_offset(off64_t offset) {
file_offset_ = offset;
}
int get_fd() const {
return fd_;
}
void set_fd(int fd, bool assume_ownership) {
fd_ = fd;
close_fd_ = assume_ownership;
}
const android_dlextinfo* get_extinfo() const {
return extinfo_;
}
void set_extinfo(const android_dlextinfo* extinfo) {
extinfo_ = extinfo;
}
const ElfReader& get_elf_reader() const {
CHECK(si_ != nullptr);
return (*elf_readers_map_)[si_];
}
ElfReader& get_elf_reader() {
CHECK(si_ != nullptr);
return (*elf_readers_map_)[si_];
}
std::unordered_map<const soinfo*, ElfReader>* get_readers_map() {
return elf_readers_map_;
}
bool read(const char* realpath, off64_t file_size) {
ElfReader& elf_reader = get_elf_reader();
return elf_reader.Read(realpath, fd_, file_offset_, file_size);
}
bool load() {
ElfReader& elf_reader = get_elf_reader();
if (!elf_reader.Load(extinfo_)) {
return false;
}
si_->base = elf_reader.load_start();
si_->size = elf_reader.load_size();
si_->set_mapped_by_caller(elf_reader.is_mapped_by_caller());
si_->load_bias = elf_reader.load_bias();
si_->phnum = elf_reader.phdr_count();
si_->phdr = elf_reader.loaded_phdr();
return true;
}
private:
LoadTask(const char* name, soinfo* needed_by,
std::unordered_map<const soinfo*, ElfReader>* readers_map)
: name_(name), needed_by_(needed_by), si_(nullptr),
fd_(-1), close_fd_(false), file_offset_(0), elf_readers_map_(readers_map) {}
~LoadTask() {
if (fd_ != -1 && close_fd_) {
close(fd_);
}
}
const char* name_;
soinfo* needed_by_;
soinfo* si_;
const android_dlextinfo* extinfo_;
int fd_;
bool close_fd_;
off64_t file_offset_;
std::unordered_map<const soinfo*, ElfReader>* elf_readers_map_;
DISALLOW_IMPLICIT_CONSTRUCTORS(LoadTask);
};
LoadTask::deleter_t LoadTask::deleter;
template <typename T>
using linked_list_t = LinkedList<T, TypeBasedAllocator<LinkedListEntry<T>>>;
typedef linked_list_t<soinfo> SoinfoLinkedList;
typedef linked_list_t<const char> StringLinkedList;
typedef std::vector<LoadTask*> LoadTaskList;
// This function walks down the tree of soinfo dependencies
// in breadth-first order and
// * calls action(soinfo* si) for each node, and
// * terminates walk if action returns false.
//
// walk_dependencies_tree returns false if walk was terminated
// by the action and true otherwise.
template<typename F>
static bool walk_dependencies_tree(soinfo* root_soinfos[], size_t root_soinfos_size, F action) {
SoinfoLinkedList visit_list;
SoinfoLinkedList visited;
for (size_t i = 0; i < root_soinfos_size; ++i) {
visit_list.push_back(root_soinfos[i]);
}
soinfo* si;
while ((si = visit_list.pop_front()) != nullptr) {
if (visited.contains(si)) {
continue;
}
if (!action(si)) {
return false;
}
visited.push_back(si);
si->get_children().for_each([&](soinfo* child) {
visit_list.push_back(child);
});
}
return true;
}
static const ElfW(Sym)* dlsym_handle_lookup(soinfo* root, soinfo* skip_until,
soinfo** found, SymbolName& symbol_name,
const version_info* vi) {
const ElfW(Sym)* result = nullptr;
bool skip_lookup = skip_until != nullptr;
walk_dependencies_tree(&root, 1, [&](soinfo* current_soinfo) {
if (skip_lookup) {
skip_lookup = current_soinfo != skip_until;
return true;
}
if (!current_soinfo->find_symbol_by_name(symbol_name, vi, &result)) {
result = nullptr;
return false;
}
if (result != nullptr) {
*found = current_soinfo;
return false;
}
return true;
});
return result;
}
static const ElfW(Sym)* dlsym_linear_lookup(android_namespace_t* ns,
const char* name,
const version_info* vi,
soinfo** found,
soinfo* caller,
void* handle);
// This is used by dlsym(3). It performs symbol lookup only within the
// specified soinfo object and its dependencies in breadth first order.
static const ElfW(Sym)* dlsym_handle_lookup(soinfo* si, soinfo** found,
const char* name, const version_info* vi) {
// According to man dlopen(3) and posix docs in the case when si is handle
// of the main executable we need to search not only in the executable and its
// dependencies but also in all libraries loaded with RTLD_GLOBAL.
//
// Since RTLD_GLOBAL is always set for the main executable and all dt_needed shared
// libraries and they are loaded in breath-first (correct) order we can just execute
// dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, ...); instead of doing two stage lookup.
if (si == somain) {
return dlsym_linear_lookup(&g_default_namespace, name, vi, found, nullptr, RTLD_DEFAULT);
}
SymbolName symbol_name(name);
return dlsym_handle_lookup(si, nullptr, found, symbol_name, vi);
}
/* This is used by dlsym(3) to performs a global symbol lookup. If the
start value is null (for RTLD_DEFAULT), the search starts at the
beginning of the global solist. Otherwise the search starts at the
specified soinfo (for RTLD_NEXT).
*/
static const ElfW(Sym)* dlsym_linear_lookup(android_namespace_t* ns,
const char* name,
const version_info* vi,
soinfo** found,
soinfo* caller,
void* handle) {
SymbolName symbol_name(name);
auto& soinfo_list = ns->soinfo_list();
auto start = soinfo_list.begin();
if (handle == RTLD_NEXT) {
if (caller == nullptr) {
return nullptr;
} else {
auto it = soinfo_list.find(caller);
CHECK (it != soinfo_list.end());
start = ++it;
}
}
const ElfW(Sym)* s = nullptr;
for (auto it = start, end = soinfo_list.end(); it != end; ++it) {
soinfo* si = *it;
// Do not skip RTLD_LOCAL libraries in dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, ...)
// if the library is opened by application with target api level <= 22
// See http://b/21565766
if ((si->get_rtld_flags() & RTLD_GLOBAL) == 0 && si->get_target_sdk_version() > 22) {
continue;
}
if (!si->find_symbol_by_name(symbol_name, vi, &s)) {
return nullptr;
}
if (s != nullptr) {
*found = si;
break;
}
}
// If not found - use dlsym_handle_lookup for caller's
// local_group unless it is part of the global group in which
// case we already did it.
if (s == nullptr && caller != nullptr &&
(caller->get_rtld_flags() & RTLD_GLOBAL) == 0) {
return dlsym_handle_lookup(caller->get_local_group_root(),
(handle == RTLD_NEXT) ? caller : nullptr, found, symbol_name, vi);
}
if (s != nullptr) {
TRACE_TYPE(LOOKUP, "%s s->st_value = %p, found->base = %p",
name, reinterpret_cast<void*>(s->st_value), reinterpret_cast<void*>((*found)->base));
}
return s;
}
soinfo* find_containing_library(const void* p) {
ElfW(Addr) address = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Addr)>(p);
for (soinfo* si = solist; si != nullptr; si = si->next) {
if (address >= si->base && address - si->base < si->size) {
return si;
}
}
return nullptr;
}
ElfW(Sym)* soinfo::find_symbol_by_address(const void* addr) {
return is_gnu_hash() ? gnu_addr_lookup(addr) : elf_addr_lookup(addr);
}
static bool symbol_matches_soaddr(const ElfW(Sym)* sym, ElfW(Addr) soaddr) {
return sym->st_shndx != SHN_UNDEF &&
soaddr >= sym->st_value &&
soaddr < sym->st_value + sym->st_size;
}
ElfW(Sym)* soinfo::gnu_addr_lookup(const void* addr) {
ElfW(Addr) soaddr = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Addr)>(addr) - load_bias;
for (size_t i = 0; i < gnu_nbucket_; ++i) {
uint32_t n = gnu_bucket_[i];
if (n == 0) {
continue;
}
do {
ElfW(Sym)* sym = symtab_ + n;
if (symbol_matches_soaddr(sym, soaddr)) {
return sym;
}
} while ((gnu_chain_[n++] & 1) == 0);
}
return nullptr;
}
ElfW(Sym)* soinfo::elf_addr_lookup(const void* addr) {
ElfW(Addr) soaddr = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Addr)>(addr) - load_bias;
// Search the library's symbol table for any defined symbol which
// contains this address.
for (size_t i = 0; i < nchain_; ++i) {
ElfW(Sym)* sym = symtab_ + i;
if (symbol_matches_soaddr(sym, soaddr)) {
return sym;
}
}
return nullptr;
}
class ZipArchiveCache {
public:
ZipArchiveCache() {}
~ZipArchiveCache();
bool get_or_open(const char* zip_path, ZipArchiveHandle* handle);
private:
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(ZipArchiveCache);
std::unordered_map<std::string, ZipArchiveHandle> cache_;
};
bool ZipArchiveCache::get_or_open(const char* zip_path, ZipArchiveHandle* handle) {
std::string key(zip_path);
auto it = cache_.find(key);
if (it != cache_.end()) {
*handle = it->second;
return true;
}
int fd = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(open(zip_path, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC));
if (fd == -1) {
return false;
}
if (OpenArchiveFd(fd, "", handle) != 0) {
// invalid zip-file (?)
CloseArchive(handle);
close(fd);
return false;
}
cache_[key] = *handle;
return true;
}
ZipArchiveCache::~ZipArchiveCache() {
for (const auto& it : cache_) {
CloseArchive(it.second);
}
}
static int open_library_in_zipfile(ZipArchiveCache* zip_archive_cache,
const char* const input_path,
off64_t* file_offset, std::string* realpath) {
std::string normalized_path;
if (!normalize_path(input_path, &normalized_path)) {
return -1;
}
const char* const path = normalized_path.c_str();
TRACE("Trying zip file open from path '%s' -> normalized '%s'", input_path, path);
// Treat an '!/' separator inside a path as the separator between the name
// of the zip file on disk and the subdirectory to search within it.
// For example, if path is "foo.zip!/bar/bas/x.so", then we search for
// "bar/bas/x.so" within "foo.zip".
const char* const separator = strstr(path, kZipFileSeparator);
if (separator == nullptr) {
return -1;
}
char buf[512];
if (strlcpy(buf, path, sizeof(buf)) >= sizeof(buf)) {
PRINT("Warning: ignoring very long library path: %s", path);
return -1;
}
buf[separator - path] = '\0';
const char* zip_path = buf;
const char* file_path = &buf[separator - path + 2];
int fd = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(open(zip_path, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC));
if (fd == -1) {
return -1;
}
ZipArchiveHandle handle;
if (!zip_archive_cache->get_or_open(zip_path, &handle)) {
// invalid zip-file (?)
close(fd);
return -1;
}
ZipEntry entry;
if (FindEntry(handle, ZipString(file_path), &entry) != 0) {
// Entry was not found.
close(fd);
return -1;
}
// Check if it is properly stored
if (entry.method != kCompressStored || (entry.offset % PAGE_SIZE) != 0) {
close(fd);
return -1;
}
*file_offset = entry.offset;
if (realpath_fd(fd, realpath)) {
*realpath += separator;
} else {
PRINT("warning: unable to get realpath for the library \"%s\". Will use given path.",
normalized_path.c_str());
*realpath = normalized_path;
}
return fd;
}
static bool format_path(char* buf, size_t buf_size, const char* path, const char* name) {
int n = __libc_format_buffer(buf, buf_size, "%s/%s", path, name);
if (n < 0 || n >= static_cast<int>(buf_size)) {
PRINT("Warning: ignoring very long library path: %s/%s", path, name);
return false;
}
return true;
}
static int open_library_on_paths(ZipArchiveCache* zip_archive_cache,
const char* name, off64_t* file_offset,
const std::vector<std::string>& paths,
std::string* realpath) {
for (const auto& path : paths) {
char buf[512];
if (!format_path(buf, sizeof(buf), path.c_str(), name)) {
continue;
}
int fd = -1;
if (strstr(buf, kZipFileSeparator) != nullptr) {
fd = open_library_in_zipfile(zip_archive_cache, buf, file_offset, realpath);
}
if (fd == -1) {
fd = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(open(buf, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC));
if (fd != -1) {
*file_offset = 0;
if (!realpath_fd(fd, realpath)) {
PRINT("warning: unable to get realpath for the library \"%s\". Will use given path.", buf);
*realpath = buf;
}
}
}
if (fd != -1) {
return fd;
}
}
return -1;
}
static int open_library(android_namespace_t* ns,
ZipArchiveCache* zip_archive_cache,
const char* name, soinfo *needed_by,
off64_t* file_offset, std::string* realpath) {
TRACE("[ opening %s ]", name);
// If the name contains a slash, we should attempt to open it directly and not search the paths.
if (strchr(name, '/') != nullptr) {
int fd = -1;
if (strstr(name, kZipFileSeparator) != nullptr) {
fd = open_library_in_zipfile(zip_archive_cache, name, file_offset, realpath);
}
if (fd == -1) {
fd = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(open(name, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC));
if (fd != -1) {
*file_offset = 0;
if (!realpath_fd(fd, realpath)) {
PRINT("warning: unable to get realpath for the library \"%s\". Will use given path.", name);
*realpath = name;
}
}
}
return fd;
}
// Otherwise we try LD_LIBRARY_PATH first, and fall back to the default library path
int fd = open_library_on_paths(zip_archive_cache, name, file_offset, ns->get_ld_library_paths(), realpath);
if (fd == -1 && needed_by != nullptr) {
fd = open_library_on_paths(zip_archive_cache, name, file_offset, needed_by->get_dt_runpath(), realpath);
// Check if the library is accessible
if (fd != -1 && !ns->is_accessible(*realpath)) {
fd = -1;
}
}
if (fd == -1) {
fd = open_library_on_paths(zip_archive_cache, name, file_offset, ns->get_default_library_paths(), realpath);
}
return fd;
}
static const char* fix_dt_needed(const char* dt_needed, const char* sopath __unused) {
#if !defined(__LP64__)
// Work around incorrect DT_NEEDED entries for old apps: http://b/21364029
if (get_application_target_sdk_version() <= 22) {
const char* bname = basename(dt_needed);
if (bname != dt_needed) {
DL_WARN("'%s' library has invalid DT_NEEDED entry '%s'", sopath, dt_needed);
}
return bname;
}
#endif
return dt_needed;
}
template<typename F>
static void for_each_dt_needed(const soinfo* si, F action) {
for (const ElfW(Dyn)* d = si->dynamic; d->d_tag != DT_NULL; ++d) {
if (d->d_tag == DT_NEEDED) {
action(fix_dt_needed(si->get_string(d->d_un.d_val), si->get_realpath()));
}
}
}
template<typename F>
static void for_each_dt_needed(const ElfReader& elf_reader, F action) {
for (const ElfW(Dyn)* d = elf_reader.dynamic(); d->d_tag != DT_NULL; ++d) {
if (d->d_tag == DT_NEEDED) {
action(fix_dt_needed(elf_reader.get_string(d->d_un.d_val), elf_reader.name()));
}
}
}
static bool load_library(android_namespace_t* ns,
LoadTask* task,
LoadTaskList* load_tasks,
int rtld_flags,
const std::string& realpath) {
off64_t file_offset = task->get_file_offset();
const char* name = task->get_name();
const android_dlextinfo* extinfo = task->get_extinfo();
if ((file_offset % PAGE_SIZE) != 0) {
DL_ERR("file offset for the library \"%s\" is not page-aligned: %" PRId64, name, file_offset);
return false;
}
if (file_offset < 0) {
DL_ERR("file offset for the library \"%s\" is negative: %" PRId64, name, file_offset);
return false;
}
struct stat file_stat;
if (TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(fstat(task->get_fd(), &file_stat)) != 0) {
DL_ERR("unable to stat file for the library \"%s\": %s", name, strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (file_offset >= file_stat.st_size) {
DL_ERR("file offset for the library \"%s\" >= file size: %" PRId64 " >= %" PRId64,
name, file_offset, file_stat.st_size);
return false;
}
// Check for symlink and other situations where
// file can have different names, unless ANDROID_DLEXT_FORCE_LOAD is set
if (extinfo == nullptr || (extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_FORCE_LOAD) == 0) {
auto predicate = [&](soinfo* si) {
return si->get_st_dev() != 0 &&
si->get_st_ino() != 0 &&
si->get_st_dev() == file_stat.st_dev &&
si->get_st_ino() == file_stat.st_ino &&
si->get_file_offset() == file_offset;
};
soinfo* si = ns->soinfo_list().find_if(predicate);
// check public namespace
if (si == nullptr) {
si = g_public_namespace.find_if(predicate);
if (si != nullptr) {
ns->add_soinfo(si);
}
}
if (si != nullptr) {
TRACE("library \"%s\" is already loaded under different name/path \"%s\" - "
"will return existing soinfo", name, si->get_realpath());
task->set_soinfo(si);
return true;
}
}
if ((rtld_flags & RTLD_NOLOAD) != 0) {
DL_ERR("library \"%s\" wasn't loaded and RTLD_NOLOAD prevented it", name);
return false;
}
if (!ns->is_accessible(realpath)) {
// do not load libraries if they are not accessible for the specified namespace.
const char* needed_or_dlopened_by = task->get_needed_by() == nullptr ?
"(unknown)" :
task->get_needed_by()->get_realpath();
DL_ERR("library \"%s\" needed or dlopened by \"%s\" is not accessible for the namespace \"%s\"",
name, needed_or_dlopened_by, ns->get_name());
PRINT("library \"%s\" (\"%s\") needed or dlopened by \"%s\" is not accessible for the"
" namespace: [name=\"%s\", ld_library_paths=\"%s\", default_library_paths=\"%s\","
" permitted_paths=\"%s\"]",
name, realpath.c_str(),
needed_or_dlopened_by,
ns->get_name(),
android::base::Join(ns->get_ld_library_paths(), ':').c_str(),
android::base::Join(ns->get_default_library_paths(), ':').c_str(),
android::base::Join(ns->get_permitted_paths(), ':').c_str());
return false;
}
soinfo* si = soinfo_alloc(ns, realpath.c_str(), &file_stat, file_offset, rtld_flags);
if (si == nullptr) {
return false;
}
task->set_soinfo(si);
// Read the ELF header and some of the segments.
if (!task->read(realpath.c_str(), file_stat.st_size)) {
soinfo_free(si);
task->set_soinfo(nullptr);
return false;
}
// find and set DT_RUNPATH and dt_soname
// Note that these field values are temporary and are
// going to be overwritten on soinfo::prelink_image
// with values from PT_LOAD segments.
const ElfReader& elf_reader = task->get_elf_reader();
for (const ElfW(Dyn)* d = elf_reader.dynamic(); d->d_tag != DT_NULL; ++d) {
if (d->d_tag == DT_RUNPATH) {
si->set_dt_runpath(elf_reader.get_string(d->d_un.d_val));
}
if (d->d_tag == DT_SONAME) {
si->set_soname(elf_reader.get_string(d->d_un.d_val));
}
}
for_each_dt_needed(task->get_elf_reader(), [&](const char* name) {
load_tasks->push_back(LoadTask::create(name, si, task->get_readers_map()));
});
return true;
}
static bool load_library(android_namespace_t* ns,
LoadTask* task,
ZipArchiveCache* zip_archive_cache,
LoadTaskList* load_tasks,
int rtld_flags) {
const char* name = task->get_name();
soinfo* needed_by = task->get_needed_by();
const android_dlextinfo* extinfo = task->get_extinfo();
off64_t file_offset;
std::string realpath;
if (extinfo != nullptr && (extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD) != 0) {
file_offset = 0;
if ((extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD_OFFSET) != 0) {
file_offset = extinfo->library_fd_offset;
}
if (!realpath_fd(extinfo->library_fd, &realpath)) {
PRINT("warning: unable to get realpath for the library \"%s\" by extinfo->library_fd. "
"Will use given name.", name);
realpath = name;
}
task->set_fd(extinfo->library_fd, false);
task->set_file_offset(file_offset);
return load_library(ns, task, load_tasks, rtld_flags, realpath);
}
// Open the file.
int fd = open_library(ns, zip_archive_cache, name, needed_by, &file_offset, &realpath);
if (fd == -1) {
DL_ERR("library \"%s\" not found", name);
return false;
}
task->set_fd(fd, true);
task->set_file_offset(file_offset);
return load_library(ns, task, load_tasks, rtld_flags, realpath);
}
// Returns true if library was found and false in 2 cases
// 1. (for default namespace only) The library was found but loaded under different
// target_sdk_version (*candidate != nullptr)
// 2. The library was not found by soname (*candidate is nullptr)
static bool find_loaded_library_by_soname(android_namespace_t* ns,
const char* name, soinfo** candidate) {
*candidate = nullptr;
// Ignore filename with path.
if (strchr(name, '/') != nullptr) {
return false;
}
uint32_t target_sdk_version = get_application_target_sdk_version();
return !ns->soinfo_list().visit([&](soinfo* si) {
const char* soname = si->get_soname();
if (soname != nullptr && (strcmp(name, soname) == 0)) {
// If the library was opened under different target sdk version
// skip this step and try to reopen it. The exceptions are
// "libdl.so" and global group. There is no point in skipping
// them because relocation process is going to use them
// in any case.
bool is_libdl = si == solist;
if (is_libdl || (si->get_dt_flags_1() & DF_1_GLOBAL) != 0 ||
!si->is_linked() || si->get_target_sdk_version() == target_sdk_version ||
ns != &g_default_namespace) {
*candidate = si;
return false;
} else if (*candidate == nullptr) {
// for the different sdk version in the default namespace
// remember the first library.
*candidate = si;
}
}
return true;
});
}
static bool find_library_internal(android_namespace_t* ns,
LoadTask* task,
ZipArchiveCache* zip_archive_cache,
LoadTaskList* load_tasks,
int rtld_flags) {
soinfo* candidate;
if (find_loaded_library_by_soname(ns, task->get_name(), &candidate)) {
task->set_soinfo(candidate);
return true;
}
if (ns != &g_default_namespace) {
// check public namespace
candidate = g_public_namespace.find_if([&](soinfo* si) {
return strcmp(task->get_name(), si->get_soname()) == 0;
});
if (candidate != nullptr) {
ns->add_soinfo(candidate);
task->set_soinfo(candidate);
return true;
}
}
// Library might still be loaded, the accurate detection
// of this fact is done by load_library.
TRACE("[ '%s' find_loaded_library_by_soname returned false (*candidate=%s@%p). Trying harder...]",
task->get_name(), candidate == nullptr ? "n/a" : candidate->get_realpath(), candidate);
if (load_library(ns, task, zip_archive_cache, load_tasks, rtld_flags)) {
return true;
} else {
// In case we were unable to load the library but there
// is a candidate loaded under the same soname but different
// sdk level - return it anyways.
if (candidate != nullptr) {
task->set_soinfo(candidate);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
static void soinfo_unload(soinfo* si);
static void soinfo_unload(soinfo* soinfos[], size_t count);
// TODO: this is slightly unusual way to construct
// the global group for relocation. Not every RTLD_GLOBAL
// library is included in this group for backwards-compatibility
// reasons.
//
// This group consists of the main executable, LD_PRELOADs
// and libraries with the DF_1_GLOBAL flag set.
static soinfo::soinfo_list_t make_global_group(android_namespace_t* ns) {
soinfo::soinfo_list_t global_group;
ns->soinfo_list().for_each([&](soinfo* si) {
if ((si->get_dt_flags_1() & DF_1_GLOBAL) != 0) {
global_group.push_back(si);
}
});
return global_group;
}
// This function provides a list of libraries to be shared
// by the namespace. For the default namespace this is the global
// group (see make_global_group). For all others this is a group
// of RTLD_GLOBAL libraries (which includes the global group from
// the default namespace).
static soinfo::soinfo_list_t get_shared_group(android_namespace_t* ns) {
if (ns == &g_default_namespace) {
return make_global_group(ns);
}
soinfo::soinfo_list_t shared_group;
ns->soinfo_list().for_each([&](soinfo* si) {
if ((si->get_rtld_flags() & RTLD_GLOBAL) != 0) {
shared_group.push_back(si);
}
});
return shared_group;
}
static void shuffle(std::vector<LoadTask*>* v) {
for (size_t i = 0, size = v->size(); i < size; ++i) {
size_t n = size - i;
size_t r = arc4random_uniform(n);
std::swap((*v)[n-1], (*v)[r]);
}
}
// add_as_children - add first-level loaded libraries (i.e. library_names[], but
// not their transitive dependencies) as children of the start_with library.
// This is false when find_libraries is called for dlopen(), when newly loaded
// libraries must form a disjoint tree.
static bool find_libraries(android_namespace_t* ns,
soinfo* start_with,
const char* const library_names[],
size_t library_names_count, soinfo* soinfos[],
std::vector<soinfo*>* ld_preloads,
size_t ld_preloads_count, int rtld_flags,
const android_dlextinfo* extinfo,
bool add_as_children) {
// Step 0: prepare.
LoadTaskList load_tasks;
std::unordered_map<const soinfo*, ElfReader> readers_map;
for (size_t i = 0; i < library_names_count; ++i) {
const char* name = library_names[i];
load_tasks.push_back(LoadTask::create(name, start_with, &readers_map));
}
// Construct global_group.
soinfo::soinfo_list_t global_group = make_global_group(ns);
// If soinfos array is null allocate one on stack.
// The array is needed in case of failure; for example
// when library_names[] = {libone.so, libtwo.so} and libone.so
// is loaded correctly but libtwo.so failed for some reason.
// In this case libone.so should be unloaded on return.
// See also implementation of failure_guard below.
if (soinfos == nullptr) {
size_t soinfos_size = sizeof(soinfo*)*library_names_count;
soinfos = reinterpret_cast<soinfo**>(alloca(soinfos_size));
memset(soinfos, 0, soinfos_size);
}
// list of libraries to link - see step 2.
size_t soinfos_count = 0;
auto scope_guard = make_scope_guard([&]() {
for (LoadTask* t : load_tasks) {
LoadTask::deleter(t);
}
});
auto failure_guard = make_scope_guard([&]() {
// Housekeeping
soinfo_unload(soinfos, soinfos_count);
});
ZipArchiveCache zip_archive_cache;
// Step 1: expand the list of load_tasks to include
// all DT_NEEDED libraries (do not load them just yet)
for (size_t i = 0; i<load_tasks.size(); ++i) {
LoadTask* task = load_tasks[i];
soinfo* needed_by = task->get_needed_by();
bool is_dt_needed = needed_by != nullptr && (needed_by != start_with || add_as_children);
task->set_extinfo(is_dt_needed ? nullptr : extinfo);
if(!find_library_internal(ns, task, &zip_archive_cache, &load_tasks, rtld_flags)) {
return false;
}
soinfo* si = task->get_soinfo();
if (is_dt_needed) {
needed_by->add_child(si);
}
if (si->is_linked()) {
si->increment_ref_count();
}
// When ld_preloads is not null, the first
// ld_preloads_count libs are in fact ld_preloads.
if (ld_preloads != nullptr && soinfos_count < ld_preloads_count) {
ld_preloads->push_back(si);
}
if (soinfos_count < library_names_count) {
soinfos[soinfos_count++] = si;
}
}
// Step 2: Load libraries in random order (see b/24047022)
LoadTaskList load_list;
for (auto&& task : load_tasks) {
soinfo* si = task->get_soinfo();
auto pred = [&](const LoadTask* t) {
return t->get_soinfo() == si;
};
if (!si->is_linked() &&
std::find_if(load_list.begin(), load_list.end(), pred) == load_list.end() ) {
load_list.push_back(task);
}
}
shuffle(&load_list);
for (auto&& task : load_list) {
if (!task->load()) {
return false;
}
}
// Step 3: pre-link all DT_NEEDED libraries in breadth first order.
for (auto&& task : load_tasks) {
soinfo* si = task->get_soinfo();
if (!si->is_linked() && !si->prelink_image()) {
return false;
}
}
// Step 4: Add LD_PRELOADed libraries to the global group for
// future runs. There is no need to explicitly add them to
// the global group for this run because they are going to
// appear in the local group in the correct order.
if (ld_preloads != nullptr) {
for (auto&& si : *ld_preloads) {
si->set_dt_flags_1(si->get_dt_flags_1() | DF_1_GLOBAL);
}
}
// Step 5: link libraries.
soinfo::soinfo_list_t local_group;
walk_dependencies_tree(
(start_with != nullptr && add_as_children) ? &start_with : soinfos,
(start_with != nullptr && add_as_children) ? 1 : soinfos_count,
[&] (soinfo* si) {
local_group.push_back(si);
return true;
});
// We need to increment ref_count in case
// the root of the local group was not linked.
bool was_local_group_root_linked = local_group.front()->is_linked();
bool linked = local_group.visit([&](soinfo* si) {
if (!si->is_linked()) {
if (!si->link_image(global_group, local_group, extinfo)) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
});
if (linked) {
local_group.for_each([](soinfo* si) {
if (!si->is_linked()) {
si->set_linked();
}
});
failure_guard.disable();
}
if (!was_local_group_root_linked) {
local_group.front()->increment_ref_count();
}
return linked;
}
static soinfo* find_library(android_namespace_t* ns,
const char* name, int rtld_flags,
const android_dlextinfo* extinfo,
soinfo* needed_by) {
soinfo* si;
if (name == nullptr) {
si = somain;
} else if (!find_libraries(ns, needed_by, &name, 1, &si, nullptr, 0, rtld_flags,
extinfo, /* add_as_children */ false)) {
return nullptr;
}
return si;
}
static void soinfo_unload(soinfo* root) {
if (root->is_linked()) {
root = root->get_local_group_root();
}
if (!root->can_unload()) {
TRACE("not unloading '%s' - the binary is flagged with NODELETE", root->get_realpath());
return;
}
soinfo_unload(&root, 1);
}
static void soinfo_unload(soinfo* soinfos[], size_t count) {
// Note that the library can be loaded but not linked;
// in which case there is no root but we still need
// to walk the tree and unload soinfos involved.
//
// This happens on unsuccessful dlopen, when one of
// the DT_NEEDED libraries could not be linked/found.
if (count == 0) {
return;
}
soinfo::soinfo_list_t unload_list;
for (size_t i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
soinfo* si = soinfos[i];
if (si->can_unload()) {
size_t ref_count = si->is_linked() ? si->decrement_ref_count() : 0;
if (ref_count == 0) {
unload_list.push_back(si);
} else {
TRACE("not unloading '%s' group, decrementing ref_count to %zd",
si->get_realpath(), ref_count);
}
} else {
TRACE("not unloading '%s' - the binary is flagged with NODELETE", si->get_realpath());
return;
}
}
// This is used to identify soinfos outside of the load-group
// note that we cannot have > 1 in the array and have any of them
// linked. This is why we can safely use the first one.
soinfo* root = soinfos[0];
soinfo::soinfo_list_t local_unload_list;
soinfo::soinfo_list_t external_unload_list;
soinfo* si = nullptr;
while ((si = unload_list.pop_front()) != nullptr) {
if (local_unload_list.contains(si)) {
continue;
}
local_unload_list.push_back(si);
if (si->has_min_version(0)) {
soinfo* child = nullptr;
while ((child = si->get_children().pop_front()) != nullptr) {
TRACE("%s@%p needs to unload %s@%p", si->get_realpath(), si,
child->get_realpath(), child);
if (local_unload_list.contains(child)) {
continue;
} else if (child->is_linked() && child->get_local_group_root() != root) {
external_unload_list.push_back(child);
} else {
unload_list.push_front(child);
}
}
} else {
#if !defined(__work_around_b_24465209__)
__libc_fatal("soinfo for \"%s\"@%p has no version", si->get_realpath(), si);
#else
PRINT("warning: soinfo for \"%s\"@%p has no version", si->get_realpath(), si);
for_each_dt_needed(si, [&] (const char* library_name) {
TRACE("deprecated (old format of soinfo): %s needs to unload %s",
si->get_realpath(), library_name);
soinfo* needed = find_library(si->get_primary_namespace(),
library_name, RTLD_NOLOAD, nullptr, nullptr);
if (needed != nullptr) {
// Not found: for example if symlink was deleted between dlopen and dlclose
// Since we cannot really handle errors at this point - print and continue.
PRINT("warning: couldn't find %s needed by %s on unload.",
library_name, si->get_realpath());
return;
} else if (local_unload_list.contains(needed)) {
// already visited
return;
} else if (needed->is_linked() && needed->get_local_group_root() != root) {
// external group
external_unload_list.push_back(needed);
} else {
// local group
unload_list.push_front(needed);
}
});
#endif
}
}
local_unload_list.for_each([](soinfo* si) {
si->call_destructors();
});
while ((si = local_unload_list.pop_front()) != nullptr) {
notify_gdb_of_unload(si);
soinfo_free(si);
}
while ((si = external_unload_list.pop_front()) != nullptr) {
soinfo_unload(si);
}
}
static std::string symbol_display_name(const char* sym_name, const char* sym_ver) {
if (sym_ver == nullptr) {
return sym_name;
}
return std::string(sym_name) + ", version " + sym_ver;
}
static android_namespace_t* get_caller_namespace(soinfo* caller) {
return caller != nullptr ? caller->get_primary_namespace() : g_anonymous_namespace;
}
void do_android_get_LD_LIBRARY_PATH(char* buffer, size_t buffer_size) {
// Use basic string manipulation calls to avoid snprintf.
// snprintf indirectly calls pthread_getspecific to get the size of a buffer.
// When debug malloc is enabled, this call returns 0. This in turn causes
// snprintf to do nothing, which causes libraries to fail to load.
// See b/17302493 for further details.
// Once the above bug is fixed, this code can be modified to use
// snprintf again.
size_t required_len = 0;
for (size_t i = 0; g_default_ld_paths[i] != nullptr; ++i) {
required_len += strlen(g_default_ld_paths[i]) + 1;
}
if (buffer_size < required_len) {
__libc_fatal("android_get_LD_LIBRARY_PATH failed, buffer too small: "
"buffer len %zu, required len %zu", buffer_size, required_len);
}
char* end = buffer;
for (size_t i = 0; g_default_ld_paths[i] != nullptr; ++i) {
if (i > 0) *end++ = ':';
end = stpcpy(end, g_default_ld_paths[i]);
}
}
void do_android_update_LD_LIBRARY_PATH(const char* ld_library_path) {
parse_LD_LIBRARY_PATH(ld_library_path);
}
void* do_dlopen(const char* name, int flags, const android_dlextinfo* extinfo,
void* caller_addr) {
soinfo* const caller = find_containing_library(caller_addr);
if ((flags & ~(RTLD_NOW|RTLD_LAZY|RTLD_LOCAL|RTLD_GLOBAL|RTLD_NODELETE|RTLD_NOLOAD)) != 0) {
DL_ERR("invalid flags to dlopen: %x", flags);
return nullptr;
}
android_namespace_t* ns = get_caller_namespace(caller);
if (extinfo != nullptr) {
if ((extinfo->flags & ~(ANDROID_DLEXT_VALID_FLAG_BITS)) != 0) {
DL_ERR("invalid extended flags to android_dlopen_ext: 0x%" PRIx64, extinfo->flags);
return nullptr;
}
if ((extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD) == 0 &&
(extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD_OFFSET) != 0) {
DL_ERR("invalid extended flag combination (ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD_OFFSET without "
"ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_LIBRARY_FD): 0x%" PRIx64, extinfo->flags);
return nullptr;
}
if ((extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_LOAD_AT_FIXED_ADDRESS) != 0 &&
(extinfo->flags & (ANDROID_DLEXT_RESERVED_ADDRESS | ANDROID_DLEXT_RESERVED_ADDRESS_HINT)) != 0) {
DL_ERR("invalid extended flag combination: ANDROID_DLEXT_LOAD_AT_FIXED_ADDRESS is not "
"compatible with ANDROID_DLEXT_RESERVED_ADDRESS/ANDROID_DLEXT_RESERVED_ADDRESS_HINT");
return nullptr;
}
if ((extinfo->flags & ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_NAMESPACE) != 0) {
if (extinfo->library_namespace == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("ANDROID_DLEXT_USE_NAMESPACE is set but extinfo->library_namespace is null");
return nullptr;
}
ns = extinfo->library_namespace;
}
}
ProtectedDataGuard guard;
soinfo* si = find_library(ns, name, flags, extinfo, caller);
if (si != nullptr) {
si->call_constructors();
return si->to_handle();
}
return nullptr;
}
int do_dladdr(const void* addr, Dl_info* info) {
// Determine if this address can be found in any library currently mapped.
soinfo* si = find_containing_library(addr);
if (si == nullptr) {
return 0;
}
memset(info, 0, sizeof(Dl_info));
info->dli_fname = si->get_realpath();
// Address at which the shared object is loaded.
info->dli_fbase = reinterpret_cast<void*>(si->base);
// Determine if any symbol in the library contains the specified address.
ElfW(Sym)* sym = si->find_symbol_by_address(addr);
if (sym != nullptr) {
info->dli_sname = si->get_string(sym->st_name);
info->dli_saddr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(si->resolve_symbol_address(sym));
}
return 1;
}
static soinfo* soinfo_from_handle(void* handle) {
if ((reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(handle) & 1) != 0) {
auto it = g_soinfo_handles_map.find(reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(handle));
if (it == g_soinfo_handles_map.end()) {
return nullptr;
} else {
return it->second;
}
}
return static_cast<soinfo*>(handle);
}
bool do_dlsym(void* handle, const char* sym_name, const char* sym_ver,
void* caller_addr, void** symbol) {
#if !defined(__LP64__)
if (handle == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("dlsym failed: library handle is null");
return false;
}
#endif
if (sym_name == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("dlsym failed: symbol name is null");
return false;
}
soinfo* found = nullptr;
const ElfW(Sym)* sym = nullptr;
soinfo* caller = find_containing_library(caller_addr);
android_namespace_t* ns = get_caller_namespace(caller);
version_info vi_instance;
version_info* vi = nullptr;
if (sym_ver != nullptr) {
vi_instance.name = sym_ver;
vi_instance.elf_hash = calculate_elf_hash(sym_ver);
vi = &vi_instance;
}
if (handle == RTLD_DEFAULT || handle == RTLD_NEXT) {
sym = dlsym_linear_lookup(ns, sym_name, vi, &found, caller, handle);
} else {
soinfo* si = soinfo_from_handle(handle);
if (si == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("dlsym failed: invalid handle: %p", handle);
return false;
}
sym = dlsym_handle_lookup(si, &found, sym_name, vi);
}
if (sym != nullptr) {
uint32_t bind = ELF_ST_BIND(sym->st_info);
if ((bind == STB_GLOBAL || bind == STB_WEAK) && sym->st_shndx != 0) {
*symbol = reinterpret_cast<void*>(found->resolve_symbol_address(sym));
return true;
}
DL_ERR("symbol \"%s\" found but not global", symbol_display_name(sym_name, sym_ver).c_str());
return false;
}
DL_ERR("undefined symbol: %s", symbol_display_name(sym_name, sym_ver).c_str());
return false;
}
int do_dlclose(void* handle) {
ProtectedDataGuard guard;
soinfo* si = soinfo_from_handle(handle);
if (si == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("invalid handle: %p", handle);
return -1;
}
soinfo_unload(si);
return 0;
}
bool init_namespaces(const char* public_ns_sonames, const char* anon_ns_library_path) {
if (g_public_namespace_initialized) {
DL_ERR("public namespace has already been initialized.");
return false;
}
if (public_ns_sonames == nullptr || public_ns_sonames[0] == '\0') {
DL_ERR("error initializing public namespace: the list of public libraries is empty.");
return false;
}
std::vector<std::string> sonames = android::base::Split(public_ns_sonames, ":");
ProtectedDataGuard guard;
auto failure_guard = make_scope_guard([&]() {
g_public_namespace.clear();
});
for (const auto& soname : sonames) {
soinfo* candidate = nullptr;
find_loaded_library_by_soname(&g_default_namespace, soname.c_str(), &candidate);
if (candidate == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("error initializing public namespace: \"%s\" was not found"
" in the default namespace", soname.c_str());
return false;
}
candidate->set_nodelete();
g_public_namespace.push_back(candidate);
}
g_public_namespace_initialized = true;
// create anonymous namespace
// When the caller is nullptr - create_namespace will take global group
// from the anonymous namespace, which is fine because anonymous namespace
// is still pointing to the default one.
android_namespace_t* anon_ns =
create_namespace(nullptr, "(anonymous)", nullptr, anon_ns_library_path,
ANDROID_NAMESPACE_TYPE_REGULAR, nullptr, nullptr);
if (anon_ns == nullptr) {
g_public_namespace_initialized = false;
return false;
}
g_anonymous_namespace = anon_ns;
failure_guard.disable();
return true;
}
android_namespace_t* create_namespace(const void* caller_addr,
const char* name,
const char* ld_library_path,
const char* default_library_path,
uint64_t type,
const char* permitted_when_isolated_path,
android_namespace_t* parent_namespace) {
if (!g_public_namespace_initialized) {
DL_ERR("cannot create namespace: public namespace is not initialized.");
return nullptr;
}
soinfo* caller_soinfo = find_containing_library(caller_addr);
android_namespace_t* caller_ns = caller_soinfo != nullptr ?
caller_soinfo->get_primary_namespace() :
g_anonymous_namespace;
// if parent_namespace is nullptr -> set it to the caller namespace
if (parent_namespace == nullptr) {
parent_namespace = caller_ns;
}
ProtectedDataGuard guard;
std::vector<std::string> ld_library_paths;
std::vector<std::string> default_library_paths;
std::vector<std::string> permitted_paths;
parse_path(ld_library_path, ":", &ld_library_paths);
parse_path(default_library_path, ":", &default_library_paths);
parse_path(permitted_when_isolated_path, ":", &permitted_paths);
android_namespace_t* ns = new (g_namespace_allocator.alloc()) android_namespace_t();
ns->set_name(name);
ns->set_isolated((type & ANDROID_NAMESPACE_TYPE_ISOLATED) != 0);
ns->set_ld_library_paths(std::move(ld_library_paths));
ns->set_default_library_paths(std::move(default_library_paths));
ns->set_permitted_paths(std::move(permitted_paths));
if ((type & ANDROID_NAMESPACE_TYPE_SHARED) != 0) {
// If shared - clone the parent namespace
ns->add_soinfos(parent_namespace->soinfo_list());
} else {
// If not shared - copy only the shared group
ns->add_soinfos(get_shared_group(parent_namespace));
}
return ns;
}
static ElfW(Addr) call_ifunc_resolver(ElfW(Addr) resolver_addr) {
typedef ElfW(Addr) (*ifunc_resolver_t)(void);
ifunc_resolver_t ifunc_resolver = reinterpret_cast<ifunc_resolver_t>(resolver_addr);
ElfW(Addr) ifunc_addr = ifunc_resolver();
TRACE_TYPE(RELO, "Called ifunc_resolver@%p. The result is %p",
ifunc_resolver, reinterpret_cast<void*>(ifunc_addr));
return ifunc_addr;
}
const version_info* VersionTracker::get_version_info(ElfW(Versym) source_symver) const {
if (source_symver < 2 ||
source_symver >= version_infos.size() ||
version_infos[source_symver].name == nullptr) {
return nullptr;
}
return &version_infos[source_symver];
}
void VersionTracker::add_version_info(size_t source_index,
ElfW(Word) elf_hash,
const char* ver_name,
const soinfo* target_si) {
if (source_index >= version_infos.size()) {
version_infos.resize(source_index+1);
}
version_infos[source_index].elf_hash = elf_hash;
version_infos[source_index].name = ver_name;
version_infos[source_index].target_si = target_si;
}
bool VersionTracker::init_verneed(const soinfo* si_from) {
uintptr_t verneed_ptr = si_from->get_verneed_ptr();
if (verneed_ptr == 0) {
return true;
}
size_t verneed_cnt = si_from->get_verneed_cnt();
for (size_t i = 0, offset = 0; i<verneed_cnt; ++i) {
const ElfW(Verneed)* verneed = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Verneed)*>(verneed_ptr + offset);
size_t vernaux_offset = offset + verneed->vn_aux;
offset += verneed->vn_next;
if (verneed->vn_version != 1) {
DL_ERR("unsupported verneed[%zd] vn_version: %d (expected 1)", i, verneed->vn_version);
return false;
}
const char* target_soname = si_from->get_string(verneed->vn_file);
// find it in dependencies
soinfo* target_si = si_from->get_children().find_if([&](const soinfo* si) {
return si->get_soname() != nullptr && strcmp(si->get_soname(), target_soname) == 0;
});
if (target_si == nullptr) {
DL_ERR("cannot find \"%s\" from verneed[%zd] in DT_NEEDED list for \"%s\"",
target_soname, i, si_from->get_realpath());
return false;
}
for (size_t j = 0; j<verneed->vn_cnt; ++j) {
const ElfW(Vernaux)* vernaux = reinterpret_cast<ElfW(Vernaux)*>(verneed_ptr + vernaux_offset);
vernaux_offset += vernaux->vna_next;
const ElfW(Word) elf_hash = vernaux->vna_hash;
const char* ver_name = si_from->get_string(vernaux->vna_name);
ElfW(Half) source_index = vernaux->vna_other;
add_version_info(source_index, elf_hash, ver_name, target_si);
}
}
return true;
}
bool VersionTracker::init_verdef(const soinfo* si_from) {
return for_each_verdef(si_from,
[&](size_t, const ElfW(Verdef)* verdef, const ElfW(Verdaux)* verdaux) {
add_version_info(verdef->vd_ndx, verdef->vd_hash,
si_from->get_string(verdaux->vda_name), si_from);
return false;
}
);
}
bool VersionTracker::init(const soinfo* si_from) {
if (!si_from->has_min_version(2</