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* Copyright (C) 2015 The Android Open Source Project
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
#include "base/macros.h"
#include "base/mutex.h" // For Locks::mutator_lock_.
#include "lambda/shorty_field_type.h"
#include <stdint.h>
namespace art {
class ArtMethod; // forward declaration
namespace mirror {
class Object; // forward declaration
} // namespace mirror
namespace lambda {
class ArtLambdaMethod; // forward declaration
class ClosureBuilder; // forward declaration
// Inline representation of a lambda closure.
// Contains the target method and the set of packed captured variables as a copy.
// The closure itself is logically immutable, although in practice any object references
// it (recursively) contains can be moved and updated by the GC.
struct PACKED(sizeof(ArtLambdaMethod*)) Closure {
// Get the size of the Closure in bytes.
// This is necessary in order to allocate a large enough area to copy the Closure into.
// Do *not* copy the closure with memcpy, since references also need to get moved.
size_t GetSize() const;
// Copy this closure into the target, whose memory size is specified by target_size.
// Any object references are fixed up during the copy (if there was a read barrier).
// The target_size must be at least as large as GetSize().
void CopyTo(void* target, size_t target_size) const;
// Get the target method, i.e. the method that will be dispatched into with invoke-lambda.
ArtMethod* GetTargetMethod() const;
// Calculates the hash code. Value is recomputed each time.
uint32_t GetHashCode() const SHARED_REQUIRES(Locks::mutator_lock_);
// Is this the same closure as other? e.g. same target method, same variables captured.
// Determines whether the two Closures are interchangeable instances.
// Does *not* call Object#equals recursively. If two Closures compare ReferenceEquals true that
// means that they are interchangeable values (usually for the purpose of boxing/unboxing).
bool ReferenceEquals(const Closure* other) const SHARED_REQUIRES(Locks::mutator_lock_);
// How many variables were captured?
size_t GetNumberOfCapturedVariables() const;
// Returns a type descriptor string that represents each captured variable.
// e.g. "Ljava/lang/Object;ZB" would mean a capture tuple of (Object, boolean, byte)
const char* GetCapturedVariablesTypeDescriptor() const;
// Returns the short type for the captured variable at index.
// Index must be less than the number of captured variables.
ShortyFieldType GetCapturedShortyType(size_t index) const;
// Returns the 32-bit representation of a non-wide primitive at the captured variable index.
// Smaller types are zero extended.
// Index must be less than the number of captured variables.
uint32_t GetCapturedPrimitiveNarrow(size_t index) const;
// Returns the 64-bit representation of a wide primitive at the captured variable index.
// Smaller types are zero extended.
// Index must be less than the number of captured variables.
uint64_t GetCapturedPrimitiveWide(size_t index) const;
// Returns the object reference at the captured variable index.
// The type at the index *must* be an object reference or a CHECK failure will occur.
// Index must be less than the number of captured variables.
mirror::Object* GetCapturedObject(size_t index) const SHARED_REQUIRES(Locks::mutator_lock_);
// Gets the size of a nested capture closure in bytes, at the captured variable index.
// The type at the index *must* be a lambda closure or a CHECK failure will occur.
size_t GetCapturedClosureSize(size_t index) const;
// Copies a nested lambda closure at the captured variable index.
// The destination must have enough room for the closure (see GetCapturedClosureSize).
void CopyCapturedClosure(size_t index, void* destination, size_t destination_room) const;
// Read out any non-lambda value as a copy.
template <typename T>
T GetCapturedVariable(size_t index) const;
// Reconstruct the closure's captured variable info at runtime.
struct VariableInfo {
size_t index_;
ShortyFieldType variable_type_;
size_t offset_;
size_t count_;
enum Flags {
kIndex = 0x1,
kVariableType = 0x2,
kOffset = 0x4,
kCount = 0x8,
// Traverse to the end of the type descriptor list instead of stopping at some particular index.
static constexpr size_t kUpToIndexMax = static_cast<size_t>(-1);
// Parse a type descriptor, stopping at index "upto_index".
// Returns only the information requested in flags. All other fields are indeterminate.
template <VariableInfo::Flags flags>
inline VariableInfo ALWAYS_INLINE ParseTypeDescriptor(const char* type_descriptor,
size_t upto_index) const;
// Convenience function to call ParseTypeDescriptor with just the type and offset.
void GetCapturedVariableTypeAndOffset(size_t index,
ShortyFieldType* out_type,
size_t* out_offset) const;
// How many bytes do the captured variables take up? Runtime sizeof(captured_variables).
size_t GetCapturedVariablesSize() const;
// Get the size in bytes of the variable_type which is potentially stored at offset.
size_t GetCapturedVariableSize(ShortyFieldType variable_type, size_t offset) const;
// Get the starting offset (in bytes) for the 0th captured variable.
// All offsets are relative to 'captured_'.
size_t GetStartingOffset() const;
// Get the offset for this index.
// All offsets are relative to 'captuerd_'.
size_t GetCapturedVariableOffset(size_t index) const;
// Cast the data at '(char*)captured_[offset]' into T, returning its address.
// This value should not be de-referenced directly since its unaligned.
template <typename T>
inline const uint8_t* GetUnsafeAtOffset(size_t offset) const;
// Copy the data at the offset into the destination. DCHECKs that
// the destination_room is large enough (in bytes) to fit the data.
template <typename T>
inline void CopyUnsafeAtOffset(size_t offset,
void* destination,
size_t src_size = sizeof(T),
size_t destination_room = sizeof(T)) const;
// Get the closure size from an unaligned (i.e. interior) closure pointer.
static size_t GetClosureSize(const uint8_t* closure);
// Compile-time known lambda information such as the type descriptor and size.
ArtLambdaMethod* lambda_info_;
// A contiguous list of captured variables, and possibly the closure size.
// The runtime size can always be determined through GetSize().
union {
// Read from here if the closure size is static (ArtLambdaMethod::IsStatic)
uint8_t static_variables_[0];
struct {
// Read from here if the closure size is dynamic (ArtLambdaMethod::IsDynamic)
size_t size_; // The lambda_info_ and the size_ itself is also included as part of the size.
uint8_t variables_[0];
} dynamic_;
} captured_[0];
// captured_ will always consist of one array element at runtime.
// Set to [0] so that 'size_' is not counted in sizeof(Closure).
friend class ClosureBuilder;
friend class ClosureTest;
} // namespace lambda
} // namespace art