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* Copyright (C) 2016 The Android Open Source Project
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
#include <unordered_map>
#include <unordered_set>
#include "base/enums.h"
#include "base/mutex.h"
#include "handle.h"
#include "mirror/class.h"
#include "oat_quick_method_header.h"
namespace art {
class ArtMethod;
class LinearAlloc;
* Class Hierarchy Analysis (CHA) tries to devirtualize virtual calls into
* direct calls based on the info generated by analyzing class hierarchies.
* If a class is not subclassed, or even if it's subclassed but one of its
* virtual methods isn't overridden, a virtual call for that method can be
* changed into a direct call.
* Each virtual method carries a single-implementation status. The status is
* incrementally maintained at the end of class linking time when method
* overriding takes effect.
* Compiler takes advantage of the single-implementation info of a
* method. If a method A has the single-implementation flag set, the compiler
* devirtualizes the virtual call for method A into a direct call, and
* further try to inline the direct call as a result. The compiler will
* also register a dependency that the compiled code depends on the
* assumption that method A has single-implementation status.
* When single-implementation info is updated at the end of class linking,
* and if method A's single-implementation status is invalidated, all compiled
* code that depends on the assumption that method A has single-implementation
* status need to be invalidated. Method entrypoints that have this dependency
* will be updated as a result. Method A can later be recompiled with less
* aggressive assumptions.
* For live compiled code that's on stack, deoptmization will be initiated
* to force the invalidated compiled code into interpreter mode to guarantee
* correctness. The deoptimization mechanism used is a hybrid of
* synchronous and asynchronous deoptimization. The synchronous deoptimization
* part checks a hidden local variable flag for the method, and if true,
* initiates deoptimization. The asynchronous deoptimization part issues a
* checkpoint that walks the stack and for any compiled code on the stack
* that should be deoptimized, set the hidden local variable value to be true.
* A cha_lock_ needs to be held for updating single-implementation status,
* and registering/unregistering CHA dependencies. Registering CHA dependency
* and making compiled code visible also need to be atomic. Otherwise, we
* may miss invalidating CHA dependents or making compiled code visible even
* after it is invalidated. Care needs to be taken between cha_lock_ and
* JitCodeCache::lock_ to guarantee the atomicity.
* We base our CHA on dynamically linked class profiles instead of doing static
* analysis. Static analysis can be too aggressive due to dynamic class loading
* at runtime, and too conservative since some classes may not be really loaded
* at runtime.
class ClassHierarchyAnalysis {
// Types for recording CHA dependencies.
// For invalidating CHA dependency, we need to know both the ArtMethod and
// the method header. If the ArtMethod has compiled code with the method header
// as the entrypoint, we update the entrypoint to the interpreter bridge.
// We will also deoptimize frames that are currently executing the code of
// the method header.
typedef std::pair<ArtMethod*, OatQuickMethodHeader*> MethodAndMethodHeaderPair;
typedef std::vector<MethodAndMethodHeaderPair> ListOfDependentPairs;
ClassHierarchyAnalysis() {}
// Add a dependency that compiled code with `dependent_header` for `dependent_method`
// assumes that virtual `method` has single-implementation.
void AddDependency(ArtMethod* method,
ArtMethod* dependent_method,
OatQuickMethodHeader* dependent_header) REQUIRES(Locks::cha_lock_);
// Return compiled code that assumes that `method` has single-implementation.
const ListOfDependentPairs& GetDependents(ArtMethod* method) REQUIRES(Locks::cha_lock_);
// Remove dependency tracking for compiled code that assumes that
// `method` has single-implementation.
void RemoveAllDependenciesFor(ArtMethod* method) REQUIRES(Locks::cha_lock_);
// Remove from cha_dependency_map_ all entries that contain OatQuickMethodHeader from
// the given `method_headers` set.
// This is used when some compiled code is freed.
void RemoveDependentsWithMethodHeaders(
const std::unordered_set<OatQuickMethodHeader*>& method_headers)
// If a given class belongs to a linear allocation that is about to be deleted, in all its
// superclasses and superinterfaces reset SingleImplementation fields of their methods
// that might be affected by the deletion.
// The method is intended to be called during GC before ReclaimPhase, since it gets info from
// Java objects that are going to be collected.
// For the same reason it's important to access objects without read barrier to not revive them.
void ResetSingleImplementationInHierarchy(ObjPtr<mirror::Class> klass,
const LinearAlloc* alloc,
PointerSize pointer_size)
const REQUIRES_SHARED(Locks::mutator_lock_);
// Update CHA info for methods that `klass` overrides, after loading `klass`.
void UpdateAfterLoadingOf(Handle<mirror::Class> klass) REQUIRES_SHARED(Locks::mutator_lock_);
// Remove all of the dependencies for a linear allocator. This is called when dex cache unloading
// occurs.
void RemoveDependenciesForLinearAlloc(const LinearAlloc* linear_alloc)
void InitSingleImplementationFlag(Handle<mirror::Class> klass,
ArtMethod* method,
PointerSize pointer_size)
// Check/update single-implementation info when one virtual method
// overrides another.
// `virtual_method` in `klass` overrides `method_in_super`.
// This may invalidate some assumptions on single-implementation.
// Append methods that should have their single-implementation flag invalidated
// to `invalidated_single_impl_methods`.
void CheckVirtualMethodSingleImplementationInfo(
Handle<mirror::Class> klass,
ArtMethod* virtual_method,
ArtMethod* method_in_super,
std::unordered_set<ArtMethod*>& invalidated_single_impl_methods,
PointerSize pointer_size)
// Check/update single-implementation info when one method
// implements an interface method.
// `implementation_method` in `klass` implements `interface_method`.
// Append `interface_method` to `invalidated_single_impl_methods`
// if `interface_method` gets a new implementation.
void CheckInterfaceMethodSingleImplementationInfo(
Handle<mirror::Class> klass,
ArtMethod* interface_method,
ArtMethod* implementation_method,
std::unordered_set<ArtMethod*>& invalidated_single_impl_methods,
PointerSize pointer_size)
void InvalidateSingleImplementationMethods(
std::unordered_set<ArtMethod*>& invalidated_single_impl_methods)
// A map that maps a method to a set of compiled code that assumes that method has a
// single implementation, which is used to do CHA-based devirtualization.
std::unordered_map<ArtMethod*, ListOfDependentPairs> cha_dependency_map_
} // namespace art
#endif // ART_RUNTIME_CHA_H_