blob: f199c99599e7e4282a9c29c6674476e331b03f54 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#include <algorithm>
#include <set>
#include <fcntl.h>
#ifdef __linux__
#include <sys/sendfile.h>
#else
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/stl_util.h"
#include "class_linker.h"
#include "common_throws.h"
#include "dex_file-inl.h"
#include "gc/space/image_space.h"
#include "gc/space/space-inl.h"
#include "image.h"
#include "jni_internal.h"
#include "mirror/class_loader.h"
#include "mirror/object-inl.h"
#include "mirror/string.h"
#include "oat.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "profiler.h"
#include "runtime.h"
#include "scoped_thread_state_change.h"
#include "ScopedFd.h"
#include "ScopedLocalRef.h"
#include "ScopedUtfChars.h"
#include "utils.h"
#include "well_known_classes.h"
#include "zip_archive.h"
namespace art {
// A smart pointer that provides read-only access to a Java string's UTF chars.
// Unlike libcore's NullableScopedUtfChars, this will *not* throw NullPointerException if
// passed a null jstring. The correct idiom is:
//
// NullableScopedUtfChars name(env, javaName);
// if (env->ExceptionCheck()) {
// return NULL;
// }
// // ... use name.c_str()
//
// TODO: rewrite to get rid of this, or change ScopedUtfChars to offer this option.
class NullableScopedUtfChars {
public:
NullableScopedUtfChars(JNIEnv* env, jstring s) : mEnv(env), mString(s) {
mUtfChars = (s != NULL) ? env->GetStringUTFChars(s, NULL) : NULL;
}
~NullableScopedUtfChars() {
if (mUtfChars) {
mEnv->ReleaseStringUTFChars(mString, mUtfChars);
}
}
const char* c_str() const {
return mUtfChars;
}
size_t size() const {
return strlen(mUtfChars);
}
// Element access.
const char& operator[](size_t n) const {
return mUtfChars[n];
}
private:
JNIEnv* mEnv;
jstring mString;
const char* mUtfChars;
// Disallow copy and assignment.
NullableScopedUtfChars(const NullableScopedUtfChars&);
void operator=(const NullableScopedUtfChars&);
};
static jlong DexFile_openDexFileNative(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jstring javaSourceName, jstring javaOutputName, jint) {
ScopedUtfChars sourceName(env, javaSourceName);
if (sourceName.c_str() == NULL) {
return 0;
}
NullableScopedUtfChars outputName(env, javaOutputName);
if (env->ExceptionCheck()) {
return 0;
}
ClassLinker* linker = Runtime::Current()->GetClassLinker();
std::unique_ptr<std::vector<const DexFile*>> dex_files(new std::vector<const DexFile*>());
std::vector<std::string> error_msgs;
bool success = linker->OpenDexFilesFromOat(sourceName.c_str(), outputName.c_str(), &error_msgs,
dex_files.get());
if (success || !dex_files->empty()) {
// In the case of non-success, we have not found or could not generate the oat file.
// But we may still have found a dex file that we can use.
return static_cast<jlong>(reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(dex_files.release()));
} else {
// The vector should be empty after a failed loading attempt.
DCHECK_EQ(0U, dex_files->size());
ScopedObjectAccess soa(env);
CHECK(!error_msgs.empty());
// The most important message is at the end. So set up nesting by going forward, which will
// wrap the existing exception as a cause for the following one.
auto it = error_msgs.begin();
auto itEnd = error_msgs.end();
for ( ; it != itEnd; ++it) {
ThrowWrappedIOException("%s", it->c_str());
}
return 0;
}
}
static std::vector<const DexFile*>* toDexFiles(jlong dex_file_address, JNIEnv* env) {
std::vector<const DexFile*>* dex_files = reinterpret_cast<std::vector<const DexFile*>*>(
static_cast<uintptr_t>(dex_file_address));
if (UNLIKELY(dex_files == nullptr)) {
ScopedObjectAccess soa(env);
ThrowNullPointerException(NULL, "dex_file == null");
}
return dex_files;
}
static void DexFile_closeDexFile(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jlong cookie) {
std::unique_ptr<std::vector<const DexFile*>> dex_files(toDexFiles(cookie, env));
if (dex_files.get() == nullptr) {
return;
}
ScopedObjectAccess soa(env);
size_t index = 0;
for (const DexFile* dex_file : *dex_files) {
if (Runtime::Current()->GetClassLinker()->IsDexFileRegistered(*dex_file)) {
(*dex_files)[index] = nullptr;
}
index++;
}
STLDeleteElements(dex_files.get());
// Unique_ptr will delete the vector itself.
}
static jclass DexFile_defineClassNative(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jstring javaName, jobject javaLoader,
jlong cookie) {
std::vector<const DexFile*>* dex_files = toDexFiles(cookie, env);
if (dex_files == NULL) {
VLOG(class_linker) << "Failed to find dex_file";
return NULL;
}
ScopedUtfChars class_name(env, javaName);
if (class_name.c_str() == NULL) {
VLOG(class_linker) << "Failed to find class_name";
return NULL;
}
const std::string descriptor(DotToDescriptor(class_name.c_str()));
for (const DexFile* dex_file : *dex_files) {
const DexFile::ClassDef* dex_class_def = dex_file->FindClassDef(descriptor.c_str());
if (dex_class_def != nullptr) {
ScopedObjectAccess soa(env);
ClassLinker* class_linker = Runtime::Current()->GetClassLinker();
class_linker->RegisterDexFile(*dex_file);
StackHandleScope<1> hs(soa.Self());
Handle<mirror::ClassLoader> class_loader(
hs.NewHandle(soa.Decode<mirror::ClassLoader*>(javaLoader)));
mirror::Class* result = class_linker->DefineClass(descriptor.c_str(), class_loader, *dex_file,
*dex_class_def);
if (result != nullptr) {
VLOG(class_linker) << "DexFile_defineClassNative returning " << result;
return soa.AddLocalReference<jclass>(result);
}
}
}
VLOG(class_linker) << "Failed to find dex_class_def";
return nullptr;
}
// Needed as a compare functor for sets of const char
struct CharPointerComparator {
bool operator()(const char *str1, const char *str2) const {
return strcmp(str1, str2) < 0;
}
};
// Note: this can be an expensive call, as we sort out duplicates in MultiDex files.
static jobjectArray DexFile_getClassNameList(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jlong cookie) {
jobjectArray result = nullptr;
std::vector<const DexFile*>* dex_files = toDexFiles(cookie, env);
if (dex_files != nullptr) {
// Push all class descriptors into a set. Use set instead of unordered_set as we want to
// retrieve all in the end.
std::set<const char*, CharPointerComparator> descriptors;
for (const DexFile* dex_file : *dex_files) {
for (size_t i = 0; i < dex_file->NumClassDefs(); ++i) {
const DexFile::ClassDef& class_def = dex_file->GetClassDef(i);
const char* descriptor = dex_file->GetClassDescriptor(class_def);
descriptors.insert(descriptor);
}
}
// Now create output array and copy the set into it.
result = env->NewObjectArray(descriptors.size(), WellKnownClasses::java_lang_String, nullptr);
if (result != nullptr) {
auto it = descriptors.begin();
auto it_end = descriptors.end();
jsize i = 0;
for (; it != it_end; it++, ++i) {
std::string descriptor(DescriptorToDot(*it));
ScopedLocalRef<jstring> jdescriptor(env, env->NewStringUTF(descriptor.c_str()));
if (jdescriptor.get() == nullptr) {
return nullptr;
}
env->SetObjectArrayElement(result, i, jdescriptor.get());
}
}
}
return result;
}
static void CopyProfileFile(const char* oldfile, const char* newfile) {
ScopedFd src(open(oldfile, O_RDONLY));
if (src.get() == -1) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to open profile file " << oldfile
<< ". My uid:gid is " << getuid() << ":" << getgid();
return;
}
struct stat stat_src;
if (fstat(src.get(), &stat_src) == -1) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to get stats for profile file " << oldfile
<< ". My uid:gid is " << getuid() << ":" << getgid();
return;
}
// Create the copy with rw------- (only accessible by system)
ScopedFd dst(open(newfile, O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC, 0600));
if (dst.get() == -1) {
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to create/write prev profile file " << newfile
<< ". My uid:gid is " << getuid() << ":" << getgid();
return;
}
#ifdef __linux__
if (sendfile(dst.get(), src.get(), nullptr, stat_src.st_size) == -1) {
#else
off_t len;
if (sendfile(dst.get(), src.get(), 0, &len, nullptr, 0) == -1) {
#endif
PLOG(ERROR) << "Failed to copy profile file " << oldfile << " to " << newfile
<< ". My uid:gid is " << getuid() << ":" << getgid();
}
}
// Java: dalvik.system.DexFile.UP_TO_DATE
static const jbyte kUpToDate = 0;
// Java: dalvik.system.DexFile.DEXOPT_NEEDED
static const jbyte kPatchoatNeeded = 1;
// Java: dalvik.system.DexFile.PATCHOAT_NEEDED
static const jbyte kDexoptNeeded = 2;
template <const bool kVerboseLogging, const bool kReasonLogging>
static jbyte IsDexOptNeededForFile(const std::string& oat_filename, const char* filename,
InstructionSet target_instruction_set) {
std::string error_msg;
std::unique_ptr<const OatFile> oat_file(OatFile::Open(oat_filename, oat_filename, nullptr,
false, &error_msg));
if (oat_file.get() == nullptr) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded failed to open oat file '" << oat_filename
<< "' for file location '" << filename << "': " << error_msg;
}
error_msg.clear();
return kDexoptNeeded;
}
bool should_relocate_if_possible = Runtime::Current()->ShouldRelocate();
uint32_t location_checksum = 0;
const art::OatFile::OatDexFile* oat_dex_file = oat_file->GetOatDexFile(filename, nullptr,
kReasonLogging);
if (oat_dex_file != nullptr) {
// If its not possible to read the classes.dex assume up-to-date as we won't be able to
// compile it anyway.
if (!DexFile::GetChecksum(filename, &location_checksum, &error_msg)) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded found precompiled stripped file: "
<< filename << " for " << oat_filename << ": " << error_msg;
}
if (ClassLinker::VerifyOatChecksums(oat_file.get(), target_instruction_set, &error_msg)) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " is up-to-date for " << filename;
}
return kUpToDate;
} else if (should_relocate_if_possible &&
ClassLinker::VerifyOatImageChecksum(oat_file.get(), target_instruction_set)) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " needs to be relocated for " << filename;
}
return kPatchoatNeeded;
} else {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " is out of date for " << filename;
}
return kDexoptNeeded;
}
// If we get here the file is out of date and we should use the system one to relocate.
} else {
if (ClassLinker::VerifyOatAndDexFileChecksums(oat_file.get(), filename, location_checksum,
target_instruction_set, &error_msg)) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " is up-to-date for " << filename;
}
return kUpToDate;
} else if (location_checksum == oat_dex_file->GetDexFileLocationChecksum()
&& should_relocate_if_possible
&& ClassLinker::VerifyOatImageChecksum(oat_file.get(), target_instruction_set)) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " needs to be relocated for " << filename;
}
return kPatchoatNeeded;
} else {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " is out of date for " << filename;
}
return kDexoptNeeded;
}
}
} else {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file " << oat_filename
<< " does not contain " << filename;
}
return kDexoptNeeded;
}
}
static jbyte IsDexOptNeededInternal(JNIEnv* env, const char* filename,
const char* pkgname, const char* instruction_set, const jboolean defer) {
// TODO disable this logging.
const bool kVerboseLogging = false; // Spammy logging.
const bool kReasonLogging = true; // Logging of reason for returning JNI_TRUE.
if ((filename == nullptr) || !OS::FileExists(filename)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded file '" << filename << "' does not exist";
ScopedLocalRef<jclass> fnfe(env, env->FindClass("java/io/FileNotFoundException"));
const char* message = (filename == nullptr) ? "<empty file name>" : filename;
env->ThrowNew(fnfe.get(), message);
return kUpToDate;
}
// Always treat elements of the bootclasspath as up-to-date. The
// fact that code is running at all means that this should be true.
Runtime* runtime = Runtime::Current();
ClassLinker* class_linker = runtime->GetClassLinker();
// TODO: We're assuming that the 64 and 32 bit runtimes have identical
// class paths. isDexOptNeeded will not necessarily be called on a runtime
// that has the same instruction set as the file being dexopted.
const std::vector<const DexFile*>& boot_class_path = class_linker->GetBootClassPath();
for (size_t i = 0; i < boot_class_path.size(); i++) {
if (boot_class_path[i]->GetLocation() == filename) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeeded ignoring boot class path file: " << filename;
}
return kUpToDate;
}
}
bool force_system_only = false;
bool require_system_version = false;
// Check the profile file. We need to rerun dex2oat if the profile has changed significantly
// since the last time, or it's new.
// If the 'defer' argument is true then this will be retried later. In this case we
// need to make sure that the profile file copy is not made so that we will get the
// same result second time.
std::string profile_file;
std::string prev_profile_file;
bool should_copy_profile = false;
if (Runtime::Current()->GetProfilerOptions().IsEnabled() && (pkgname != nullptr)) {
profile_file = GetDalvikCacheOrDie("profiles", false /* create_if_absent */)
+ std::string("/") + pkgname;
prev_profile_file = profile_file + std::string("@old");
struct stat profstat, prevstat;
int e1 = stat(profile_file.c_str(), &profstat);
int e1_errno = errno;
int e2 = stat(prev_profile_file.c_str(), &prevstat);
int e2_errno = errno;
if (e1 < 0) {
if (e1_errno != EACCES) {
// No profile file, need to run dex2oat, unless we find a file in system
if (kReasonLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal profile file " << profile_file << " doesn't exist. "
<< "Will check odex to see if we can find a working version.";
}
// Force it to only accept system files/files with versions in system.
require_system_version = true;
} else {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal recieved EACCES trying to stat profile file "
<< profile_file;
}
} else if (e2 == 0) {
// There is a previous profile file. Check if the profile has changed significantly.
// A change in profile is considered significant if X% (change_thr property) of the top K%
// (compile_thr property) samples has changed.
double top_k_threshold = Runtime::Current()->GetProfilerOptions().GetTopKThreshold();
double change_threshold = Runtime::Current()->GetProfilerOptions().GetTopKChangeThreshold();
double change_percent = 0.0;
ProfileFile new_profile, old_profile;
bool new_ok = new_profile.LoadFile(profile_file);
bool old_ok = old_profile.LoadFile(prev_profile_file);
if (!new_ok || !old_ok) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal Ignoring invalid profiles: "
<< (new_ok ? "" : profile_file) << " " << (old_ok ? "" : prev_profile_file);
}
} else {
std::set<std::string> new_top_k, old_top_k;
new_profile.GetTopKSamples(new_top_k, top_k_threshold);
old_profile.GetTopKSamples(old_top_k, top_k_threshold);
if (new_top_k.empty()) {
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal empty profile: " << profile_file;
}
// If the new topK is empty we shouldn't optimize so we leave the change_percent at 0.0.
} else {
std::set<std::string> diff;
std::set_difference(new_top_k.begin(), new_top_k.end(), old_top_k.begin(), old_top_k.end(),
std::inserter(diff, diff.end()));
// TODO: consider using the usedPercentage instead of the plain diff count.
change_percent = 100.0 * static_cast<double>(diff.size()) / static_cast<double>(new_top_k.size());
if (kVerboseLogging) {
std::set<std::string>::iterator end = diff.end();
for (std::set<std::string>::iterator it = diff.begin(); it != end; it++) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal new in topK: " << *it;
}
}
}
}
if (change_percent > change_threshold) {
if (kReasonLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal size of new profile file " << profile_file <<
" is significantly different from old profile file " << prev_profile_file << " (top "
<< top_k_threshold << "% samples changed in proportion of " << change_percent << "%)";
}
should_copy_profile = !defer;
// Force us to only accept system files.
force_system_only = true;
}
} else if (e2_errno == ENOENT) {
// Previous profile does not exist. Make a copy of the current one.
if (kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal previous profile doesn't exist: " << prev_profile_file;
}
should_copy_profile = !defer;
} else {
PLOG(INFO) << "Unable to stat previous profile file " << prev_profile_file;
}
}
const InstructionSet target_instruction_set = GetInstructionSetFromString(instruction_set);
// Get the filename for odex file next to the dex file.
std::string odex_filename(DexFilenameToOdexFilename(filename, target_instruction_set));
// Get the filename for the dalvik-cache file
std::string cache_dir;
bool have_android_data = false;
bool dalvik_cache_exists = false;
GetDalvikCache(instruction_set, false, &cache_dir, &have_android_data, &dalvik_cache_exists);
std::string cache_filename; // was cache_location
bool have_cache_filename = false;
if (dalvik_cache_exists) {
std::string error_msg;
have_cache_filename = GetDalvikCacheFilename(filename, cache_dir.c_str(), &cache_filename,
&error_msg);
if (!have_cache_filename && kVerboseLogging) {
LOG(INFO) << "DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal failed to find cache file for dex file " << filename
<< ": " << error_msg;
}
}
bool should_relocate_if_possible = Runtime::Current()->ShouldRelocate();
jbyte dalvik_cache_decision = -1;
// Lets try the cache first (since we want to load from there since thats where the relocated
// versions will be).
if (have_cache_filename && !force_system_only) {
// We can use the dalvik-cache if we find a good file.
dalvik_cache_decision =
IsDexOptNeededForFile<kVerboseLogging, kReasonLogging>(cache_filename, filename,
target_instruction_set);
// We will only return DexOptNeeded if both the cache and system return it.
if (dalvik_cache_decision != kDexoptNeeded && !require_system_version) {
CHECK(!(dalvik_cache_decision == kPatchoatNeeded && !should_relocate_if_possible))
<< "May not return PatchoatNeeded when patching is disabled.";
return dalvik_cache_decision;
}
// We couldn't find one thats easy. We should now try the system.
}
jbyte system_decision =
IsDexOptNeededForFile<kVerboseLogging, kReasonLogging>(odex_filename, filename,
target_instruction_set);
CHECK(!(system_decision == kPatchoatNeeded && !should_relocate_if_possible))
<< "May not return PatchoatNeeded when patching is disabled.";
if (require_system_version && system_decision == kPatchoatNeeded
&& dalvik_cache_decision == kUpToDate) {
// We have a version from system relocated to the cache. Return it.
return dalvik_cache_decision;
}
if (should_copy_profile && system_decision == kDexoptNeeded) {
CopyProfileFile(profile_file.c_str(), prev_profile_file.c_str());
}
return system_decision;
}
static jbyte DexFile_isDexOptNeededInternal(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jstring javaFilename,
jstring javaPkgname, jstring javaInstructionSet, jboolean defer) {
ScopedUtfChars filename(env, javaFilename);
NullableScopedUtfChars pkgname(env, javaPkgname);
ScopedUtfChars instruction_set(env, javaInstructionSet);
return IsDexOptNeededInternal(env, filename.c_str(), pkgname.c_str(),
instruction_set.c_str(), defer);
}
// public API, NULL pkgname
static jboolean DexFile_isDexOptNeeded(JNIEnv* env, jclass, jstring javaFilename) {
const char* instruction_set = GetInstructionSetString(kRuntimeISA);
ScopedUtfChars filename(env, javaFilename);
return kUpToDate != IsDexOptNeededInternal(env, filename.c_str(), nullptr /* pkgname */,
instruction_set, false /* defer */);
}
static JNINativeMethod gMethods[] = {
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, closeDexFile, "(J)V"),
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, defineClassNative, "(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/ClassLoader;J)Ljava/lang/Class;"),
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, getClassNameList, "(J)[Ljava/lang/String;"),
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, isDexOptNeeded, "(Ljava/lang/String;)Z"),
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, isDexOptNeededInternal, "(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;Z)B"),
NATIVE_METHOD(DexFile, openDexFileNative, "(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;I)J"),
};
void register_dalvik_system_DexFile(JNIEnv* env) {
REGISTER_NATIVE_METHODS("dalvik/system/DexFile");
}
} // namespace art