Avoid the need for the black color for the baker-style read barrier.

We used to set marked-through non-moving objects to black to
distinguish between an unmarked object and a marked-through
object (both would be white without black). This was to avoid a rare
case where a marked-through (white) object would be incorrectly set to
gray for a second time (and left gray) after it's marked
through (white/unmarked -> gray/marked -> white/marked-through ->
gray/incorrect). If an object is left gray, the invariant would be
broken that all objects are white when GC isn't running. Also, we
needed to have an extra pass over non-moving objects to change them
from black to white after the marking phase.

To avoid the need for the black color, we use a 'false gray' stack to
detect such rare cases and register affected objects on it and change
the objects to white at the end of the marking phase. This saves some
GC time because we can avoid the gray-to-black CAS per non-moving
object as well as the extra pass over non-moving objects.

Ritzperf EAAC (N6):
  Avg GC time:  232 ->  183 ms (-21%)
Total GC time: 15.3 -> 14.1 s  (-7.7%)

Bug: 12687968
Change-Id: Idb29c3dcb745b094bcf6abc4db646dac9cbd1f71
6 files changed