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/*
* Copyright (C) 2011 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#include "heap.h"
#define ATRACE_TAG ATRACE_TAG_DALVIK
#include <cutils/trace.h>
#include <limits>
#include <memory>
#include <vector>
#include "base/histogram-inl.h"
#include "base/stl_util.h"
#include "common_throws.h"
#include "cutils/sched_policy.h"
#include "debugger.h"
#include "gc/accounting/atomic_stack.h"
#include "gc/accounting/card_table-inl.h"
#include "gc/accounting/heap_bitmap-inl.h"
#include "gc/accounting/mod_union_table.h"
#include "gc/accounting/mod_union_table-inl.h"
#include "gc/accounting/remembered_set.h"
#include "gc/accounting/space_bitmap-inl.h"
#include "gc/collector/concurrent_copying.h"
#include "gc/collector/mark_compact.h"
#include "gc/collector/mark_sweep-inl.h"
#include "gc/collector/partial_mark_sweep.h"
#include "gc/collector/semi_space.h"
#include "gc/collector/sticky_mark_sweep.h"
#include "gc/reference_processor.h"
#include "gc/space/bump_pointer_space.h"
#include "gc/space/dlmalloc_space-inl.h"
#include "gc/space/image_space.h"
#include "gc/space/large_object_space.h"
#include "gc/space/rosalloc_space-inl.h"
#include "gc/space/space-inl.h"
#include "gc/space/zygote_space.h"
#include "entrypoints/quick/quick_alloc_entrypoints.h"
#include "heap-inl.h"
#include "image.h"
#include "mirror/art_field-inl.h"
#include "mirror/class-inl.h"
#include "mirror/object.h"
#include "mirror/object-inl.h"
#include "mirror/object_array-inl.h"
#include "mirror/reference-inl.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "reflection.h"
#include "runtime.h"
#include "ScopedLocalRef.h"
#include "scoped_thread_state_change.h"
#include "handle_scope-inl.h"
#include "thread_list.h"
#include "well_known_classes.h"
namespace art {
namespace gc {
static constexpr size_t kCollectorTransitionStressIterations = 0;
static constexpr size_t kCollectorTransitionStressWait = 10 * 1000; // Microseconds
static constexpr bool kGCALotMode = false;
static constexpr size_t kGcAlotInterval = KB;
// Minimum amount of remaining bytes before a concurrent GC is triggered.
static constexpr size_t kMinConcurrentRemainingBytes = 128 * KB;
static constexpr size_t kMaxConcurrentRemainingBytes = 512 * KB;
// Sticky GC throughput adjustment, divided by 4. Increasing this causes sticky GC to occur more
// relative to partial/full GC. This may be desirable since sticky GCs interfere less with mutator
// threads (lower pauses, use less memory bandwidth).
static constexpr double kStickyGcThroughputAdjustment = 1.0;
// Whether or not we use the free list large object space.
static constexpr bool kUseFreeListSpaceForLOS = false;
// Whether or not we compact the zygote in PreZygoteFork.
static constexpr bool kCompactZygote = kMovingCollector;
static constexpr size_t kNonMovingSpaceCapacity = 64 * MB;
// How many reserve entries are at the end of the allocation stack, these are only needed if the
// allocation stack overflows.
static constexpr size_t kAllocationStackReserveSize = 1024;
// Default mark stack size in bytes.
static const size_t kDefaultMarkStackSize = 64 * KB;
// Define space name.
static const char* kDlMallocSpaceName[2] = {"main dlmalloc space", "main dlmalloc space 1"};
static const char* kRosAllocSpaceName[2] = {"main rosalloc space", "main rosalloc space 1"};
static const char* kMemMapSpaceName[2] = {"main space", "main space 1"};
static constexpr size_t kGSSBumpPointerSpaceCapacity = 32 * MB;
Heap::Heap(size_t initial_size, size_t growth_limit, size_t min_free, size_t max_free,
double target_utilization, double foreground_heap_growth_multiplier, size_t capacity,
const std::string& image_file_name, const InstructionSet image_instruction_set,
CollectorType foreground_collector_type, CollectorType background_collector_type,
size_t parallel_gc_threads, size_t conc_gc_threads, bool low_memory_mode,
size_t long_pause_log_threshold, size_t long_gc_log_threshold,
bool ignore_max_footprint, bool use_tlab,
bool verify_pre_gc_heap, bool verify_pre_sweeping_heap, bool verify_post_gc_heap,
bool verify_pre_gc_rosalloc, bool verify_pre_sweeping_rosalloc,
bool verify_post_gc_rosalloc, bool use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom,
uint64_t min_interval_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom)
: non_moving_space_(nullptr),
rosalloc_space_(nullptr),
dlmalloc_space_(nullptr),
main_space_(nullptr),
collector_type_(kCollectorTypeNone),
foreground_collector_type_(foreground_collector_type),
background_collector_type_(background_collector_type),
desired_collector_type_(foreground_collector_type_),
heap_trim_request_lock_(nullptr),
last_trim_time_(0),
heap_transition_or_trim_target_time_(0),
heap_trim_request_pending_(false),
parallel_gc_threads_(parallel_gc_threads),
conc_gc_threads_(conc_gc_threads),
low_memory_mode_(low_memory_mode),
long_pause_log_threshold_(long_pause_log_threshold),
long_gc_log_threshold_(long_gc_log_threshold),
ignore_max_footprint_(ignore_max_footprint),
zygote_creation_lock_("zygote creation lock", kZygoteCreationLock),
have_zygote_space_(false),
large_object_threshold_(std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max()), // Starts out disabled.
collector_type_running_(kCollectorTypeNone),
last_gc_type_(collector::kGcTypeNone),
next_gc_type_(collector::kGcTypePartial),
capacity_(capacity),
growth_limit_(growth_limit),
max_allowed_footprint_(initial_size),
native_footprint_gc_watermark_(initial_size),
native_footprint_limit_(2 * initial_size),
native_need_to_run_finalization_(false),
// Initially assume we perceive jank in case the process state is never updated.
process_state_(kProcessStateJankPerceptible),
concurrent_start_bytes_(std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max()),
total_bytes_freed_ever_(0),
total_objects_freed_ever_(0),
num_bytes_allocated_(0),
native_bytes_allocated_(0),
gc_memory_overhead_(0),
verify_missing_card_marks_(false),
verify_system_weaks_(false),
verify_pre_gc_heap_(verify_pre_gc_heap),
verify_pre_sweeping_heap_(verify_pre_sweeping_heap),
verify_post_gc_heap_(verify_post_gc_heap),
verify_mod_union_table_(false),
verify_pre_gc_rosalloc_(verify_pre_gc_rosalloc),
verify_pre_sweeping_rosalloc_(verify_pre_sweeping_rosalloc),
verify_post_gc_rosalloc_(verify_post_gc_rosalloc),
last_gc_time_ns_(NanoTime()),
allocation_rate_(0),
/* For GC a lot mode, we limit the allocations stacks to be kGcAlotInterval allocations. This
* causes a lot of GC since we do a GC for alloc whenever the stack is full. When heap
* verification is enabled, we limit the size of allocation stacks to speed up their
* searching.
*/
max_allocation_stack_size_(kGCALotMode ? kGcAlotInterval
: (kVerifyObjectSupport > kVerifyObjectModeFast) ? KB : MB),
current_allocator_(kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc),
current_non_moving_allocator_(kAllocatorTypeNonMoving),
bump_pointer_space_(nullptr),
temp_space_(nullptr),
min_free_(min_free),
max_free_(max_free),
target_utilization_(target_utilization),
foreground_heap_growth_multiplier_(foreground_heap_growth_multiplier),
total_wait_time_(0),
total_allocation_time_(0),
verify_object_mode_(kVerifyObjectModeDisabled),
disable_moving_gc_count_(0),
running_on_valgrind_(Runtime::Current()->RunningOnValgrind()),
use_tlab_(use_tlab),
main_space_backup_(nullptr),
min_interval_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom_(
min_interval_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom),
last_time_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom_(NanoTime()),
use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom_(use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom) {
if (VLOG_IS_ON(heap) || VLOG_IS_ON(startup)) {
LOG(INFO) << "Heap() entering";
}
// If we aren't the zygote, switch to the default non zygote allocator. This may update the
// entrypoints.
if (!Runtime::Current()->IsZygote()) {
large_object_threshold_ = kDefaultLargeObjectThreshold;
// Background compaction is currently not supported for command line runs.
if (background_collector_type_ != foreground_collector_type_) {
VLOG(heap) << "Disabling background compaction for non zygote";
background_collector_type_ = foreground_collector_type_;
}
}
ChangeCollector(desired_collector_type_);
live_bitmap_.reset(new accounting::HeapBitmap(this));
mark_bitmap_.reset(new accounting::HeapBitmap(this));
// Requested begin for the alloc space, to follow the mapped image and oat files
byte* requested_alloc_space_begin = nullptr;
if (!image_file_name.empty()) {
space::ImageSpace* image_space = space::ImageSpace::Create(image_file_name.c_str(),
image_instruction_set);
CHECK(image_space != nullptr) << "Failed to create space for " << image_file_name;
AddSpace(image_space);
// Oat files referenced by image files immediately follow them in memory, ensure alloc space
// isn't going to get in the middle
byte* oat_file_end_addr = image_space->GetImageHeader().GetOatFileEnd();
CHECK_GT(oat_file_end_addr, image_space->End());
requested_alloc_space_begin = AlignUp(oat_file_end_addr, kPageSize);
}
/*
requested_alloc_space_begin -> +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-
+- nonmoving space (kNonMovingSpaceCapacity) +-
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-
+-main alloc space / bump space 1 (capacity_) +-
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-
+-????????????????????????????????????????????+-
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-
+-main alloc space2 / bump space 2 (capacity_)+-
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-
*/
bool support_homogeneous_space_compaction =
background_collector_type == gc::kCollectorTypeHomogeneousSpaceCompact ||
use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom;
// We may use the same space the main space for the non moving space if we don't need to compact
// from the main space.
// This is not the case if we support homogeneous compaction or have a moving background
// collector type.
const bool is_zygote = Runtime::Current()->IsZygote();
bool separate_non_moving_space = is_zygote ||
support_homogeneous_space_compaction || IsMovingGc(foreground_collector_type_) ||
IsMovingGc(background_collector_type_);
if (foreground_collector_type == kCollectorTypeGSS) {
separate_non_moving_space = false;
}
std::unique_ptr<MemMap> main_mem_map_1;
std::unique_ptr<MemMap> main_mem_map_2;
byte* request_begin = requested_alloc_space_begin;
if (request_begin != nullptr && separate_non_moving_space) {
request_begin += kNonMovingSpaceCapacity;
}
std::string error_str;
std::unique_ptr<MemMap> non_moving_space_mem_map;
if (separate_non_moving_space) {
// Reserve the non moving mem map before the other two since it needs to be at a specific
// address.
non_moving_space_mem_map.reset(
MemMap::MapAnonymous("non moving space", requested_alloc_space_begin,
kNonMovingSpaceCapacity, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, true, &error_str));
CHECK(non_moving_space_mem_map != nullptr) << error_str;
}
// Attempt to create 2 mem maps at or after the requested begin.
main_mem_map_1.reset(MapAnonymousPreferredAddress(kMemMapSpaceName[0], request_begin, capacity_,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, &error_str));
CHECK(main_mem_map_1.get() != nullptr) << error_str;
if (support_homogeneous_space_compaction ||
background_collector_type_ == kCollectorTypeSS ||
foreground_collector_type_ == kCollectorTypeSS) {
main_mem_map_2.reset(MapAnonymousPreferredAddress(kMemMapSpaceName[1], main_mem_map_1->End(),
capacity_, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
&error_str));
CHECK(main_mem_map_2.get() != nullptr) << error_str;
}
// Create the non moving space first so that bitmaps don't take up the address range.
if (separate_non_moving_space) {
// Non moving space is always dlmalloc since we currently don't have support for multiple
// active rosalloc spaces.
const size_t size = non_moving_space_mem_map->Size();
non_moving_space_ = space::DlMallocSpace::CreateFromMemMap(
non_moving_space_mem_map.release(), "zygote / non moving space", initial_size,
initial_size, size, size, false);
non_moving_space_->SetFootprintLimit(non_moving_space_->Capacity());
CHECK(non_moving_space_ != nullptr) << "Failed creating non moving space "
<< requested_alloc_space_begin;
AddSpace(non_moving_space_);
}
// Create other spaces based on whether or not we have a moving GC.
if (IsMovingGc(foreground_collector_type_) && foreground_collector_type_ != kCollectorTypeGSS) {
// Create bump pointer spaces.
// We only to create the bump pointer if the foreground collector is a compacting GC.
// TODO: Place bump-pointer spaces somewhere to minimize size of card table.
bump_pointer_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::CreateFromMemMap("Bump pointer space 1",
main_mem_map_1.release());
CHECK(bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr) << "Failed to create bump pointer space";
AddSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
temp_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::CreateFromMemMap("Bump pointer space 2",
main_mem_map_2.release());
CHECK(temp_space_ != nullptr) << "Failed to create bump pointer space";
AddSpace(temp_space_);
CHECK(separate_non_moving_space);
} else {
CreateMainMallocSpace(main_mem_map_1.release(), initial_size, growth_limit_, capacity_);
CHECK(main_space_ != nullptr);
AddSpace(main_space_);
if (!separate_non_moving_space) {
non_moving_space_ = main_space_;
CHECK(!non_moving_space_->CanMoveObjects());
}
if (foreground_collector_type_ == kCollectorTypeGSS) {
CHECK_EQ(foreground_collector_type_, background_collector_type_);
// Create bump pointer spaces instead of a backup space.
main_mem_map_2.release();
bump_pointer_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::Create("Bump pointer space 1",
kGSSBumpPointerSpaceCapacity, nullptr);
CHECK(bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr);
AddSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
temp_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::Create("Bump pointer space 2",
kGSSBumpPointerSpaceCapacity, nullptr);
CHECK(temp_space_ != nullptr);
AddSpace(temp_space_);
} else if (main_mem_map_2.get() != nullptr) {
const char* name = kUseRosAlloc ? kRosAllocSpaceName[1] : kDlMallocSpaceName[1];
main_space_backup_.reset(CreateMallocSpaceFromMemMap(main_mem_map_2.release(), initial_size,
growth_limit_, capacity_, name, true));
CHECK(main_space_backup_.get() != nullptr);
// Add the space so its accounted for in the heap_begin and heap_end.
AddSpace(main_space_backup_.get());
}
}
CHECK(non_moving_space_ != nullptr);
CHECK(!non_moving_space_->CanMoveObjects());
// Allocate the large object space.
if (kUseFreeListSpaceForLOS) {
large_object_space_ = space::FreeListSpace::Create("large object space", nullptr, capacity_);
} else {
large_object_space_ = space::LargeObjectMapSpace::Create("large object space");
}
CHECK(large_object_space_ != nullptr) << "Failed to create large object space";
AddSpace(large_object_space_);
// Compute heap capacity. Continuous spaces are sorted in order of Begin().
CHECK(!continuous_spaces_.empty());
// Relies on the spaces being sorted.
byte* heap_begin = continuous_spaces_.front()->Begin();
byte* heap_end = continuous_spaces_.back()->Limit();
size_t heap_capacity = heap_end - heap_begin;
// Remove the main backup space since it slows down the GC to have unused extra spaces.
if (main_space_backup_.get() != nullptr) {
RemoveSpace(main_space_backup_.get());
}
// Allocate the card table.
card_table_.reset(accounting::CardTable::Create(heap_begin, heap_capacity));
CHECK(card_table_.get() != NULL) << "Failed to create card table";
// Card cache for now since it makes it easier for us to update the references to the copying
// spaces.
accounting::ModUnionTable* mod_union_table =
new accounting::ModUnionTableToZygoteAllocspace("Image mod-union table", this,
GetImageSpace());
CHECK(mod_union_table != nullptr) << "Failed to create image mod-union table";
AddModUnionTable(mod_union_table);
if (collector::SemiSpace::kUseRememberedSet && non_moving_space_ != main_space_) {
accounting::RememberedSet* non_moving_space_rem_set =
new accounting::RememberedSet("Non-moving space remembered set", this, non_moving_space_);
CHECK(non_moving_space_rem_set != nullptr) << "Failed to create non-moving space remembered set";
AddRememberedSet(non_moving_space_rem_set);
}
// TODO: Count objects in the image space here?
num_bytes_allocated_.StoreRelaxed(0);
mark_stack_.reset(accounting::ObjectStack::Create("mark stack", kDefaultMarkStackSize,
kDefaultMarkStackSize));
const size_t alloc_stack_capacity = max_allocation_stack_size_ + kAllocationStackReserveSize;
allocation_stack_.reset(accounting::ObjectStack::Create(
"allocation stack", max_allocation_stack_size_, alloc_stack_capacity));
live_stack_.reset(accounting::ObjectStack::Create(
"live stack", max_allocation_stack_size_, alloc_stack_capacity));
// It's still too early to take a lock because there are no threads yet, but we can create locks
// now. We don't create it earlier to make it clear that you can't use locks during heap
// initialization.
gc_complete_lock_ = new Mutex("GC complete lock");
gc_complete_cond_.reset(new ConditionVariable("GC complete condition variable",
*gc_complete_lock_));
heap_trim_request_lock_ = new Mutex("Heap trim request lock");
last_gc_size_ = GetBytesAllocated();
if (ignore_max_footprint_) {
SetIdealFootprint(std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max());
concurrent_start_bytes_ = std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max();
}
CHECK_NE(max_allowed_footprint_, 0U);
// Create our garbage collectors.
for (size_t i = 0; i < 2; ++i) {
const bool concurrent = i != 0;
garbage_collectors_.push_back(new collector::MarkSweep(this, concurrent));
garbage_collectors_.push_back(new collector::PartialMarkSweep(this, concurrent));
garbage_collectors_.push_back(new collector::StickyMarkSweep(this, concurrent));
}
if (kMovingCollector) {
// TODO: Clean this up.
const bool generational = foreground_collector_type_ == kCollectorTypeGSS;
semi_space_collector_ = new collector::SemiSpace(this, generational,
generational ? "generational" : "");
garbage_collectors_.push_back(semi_space_collector_);
concurrent_copying_collector_ = new collector::ConcurrentCopying(this);
garbage_collectors_.push_back(concurrent_copying_collector_);
mark_compact_collector_ = new collector::MarkCompact(this);
garbage_collectors_.push_back(mark_compact_collector_);
}
if (GetImageSpace() != nullptr && non_moving_space_ != nullptr) {
// Check that there's no gap between the image space and the non moving space so that the
// immune region won't break (eg. due to a large object allocated in the gap).
bool no_gap = MemMap::CheckNoGaps(GetImageSpace()->GetMemMap(),
non_moving_space_->GetMemMap());
if (!no_gap) {
MemMap::DumpMaps(LOG(ERROR));
LOG(FATAL) << "There's a gap between the image space and the main space";
}
}
if (running_on_valgrind_) {
Runtime::Current()->GetInstrumentation()->InstrumentQuickAllocEntryPoints();
}
if (VLOG_IS_ON(heap) || VLOG_IS_ON(startup)) {
LOG(INFO) << "Heap() exiting";
}
}
MemMap* Heap::MapAnonymousPreferredAddress(const char* name, byte* request_begin, size_t capacity,
int prot_flags, std::string* out_error_str) {
while (true) {
MemMap* map = MemMap::MapAnonymous(kMemMapSpaceName[0], request_begin, capacity,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, true, out_error_str);
if (map != nullptr || request_begin == nullptr) {
return map;
}
// Retry a second time with no specified request begin.
request_begin = nullptr;
}
return nullptr;
}
space::MallocSpace* Heap::CreateMallocSpaceFromMemMap(MemMap* mem_map, size_t initial_size,
size_t growth_limit, size_t capacity,
const char* name, bool can_move_objects) {
space::MallocSpace* malloc_space = nullptr;
if (kUseRosAlloc) {
// Create rosalloc space.
malloc_space = space::RosAllocSpace::CreateFromMemMap(mem_map, name, kDefaultStartingSize,
initial_size, growth_limit, capacity,
low_memory_mode_, can_move_objects);
} else {
malloc_space = space::DlMallocSpace::CreateFromMemMap(mem_map, name, kDefaultStartingSize,
initial_size, growth_limit, capacity,
can_move_objects);
}
if (collector::SemiSpace::kUseRememberedSet) {
accounting::RememberedSet* rem_set =
new accounting::RememberedSet(std::string(name) + " remembered set", this, malloc_space);
CHECK(rem_set != nullptr) << "Failed to create main space remembered set";
AddRememberedSet(rem_set);
}
CHECK(malloc_space != nullptr) << "Failed to create " << name;
malloc_space->SetFootprintLimit(malloc_space->Capacity());
return malloc_space;
}
void Heap::CreateMainMallocSpace(MemMap* mem_map, size_t initial_size, size_t growth_limit,
size_t capacity) {
// Is background compaction is enabled?
bool can_move_objects = IsMovingGc(background_collector_type_) !=
IsMovingGc(foreground_collector_type_) || use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom_;
// If we are the zygote and don't yet have a zygote space, it means that the zygote fork will
// happen in the future. If this happens and we have kCompactZygote enabled we wish to compact
// from the main space to the zygote space. If background compaction is enabled, always pass in
// that we can move objets.
if (kCompactZygote && Runtime::Current()->IsZygote() && !can_move_objects) {
// After the zygote we want this to be false if we don't have background compaction enabled so
// that getting primitive array elements is faster.
// We never have homogeneous compaction with GSS and don't need a space with movable objects.
can_move_objects = !have_zygote_space_ && foreground_collector_type_ != kCollectorTypeGSS;
}
if (collector::SemiSpace::kUseRememberedSet && main_space_ != nullptr) {
RemoveRememberedSet(main_space_);
}
const char* name = kUseRosAlloc ? kRosAllocSpaceName[0] : kDlMallocSpaceName[0];
main_space_ = CreateMallocSpaceFromMemMap(mem_map, initial_size, growth_limit, capacity, name,
can_move_objects);
SetSpaceAsDefault(main_space_);
VLOG(heap) << "Created main space " << main_space_;
}
void Heap::ChangeAllocator(AllocatorType allocator) {
if (current_allocator_ != allocator) {
// These two allocators are only used internally and don't have any entrypoints.
CHECK_NE(allocator, kAllocatorTypeLOS);
CHECK_NE(allocator, kAllocatorTypeNonMoving);
current_allocator_ = allocator;
MutexLock mu(nullptr, *Locks::runtime_shutdown_lock_);
SetQuickAllocEntryPointsAllocator(current_allocator_);
Runtime::Current()->GetInstrumentation()->ResetQuickAllocEntryPoints();
}
}
void Heap::DisableCompaction() {
if (IsMovingGc(foreground_collector_type_)) {
foreground_collector_type_ = kCollectorTypeCMS;
}
if (IsMovingGc(background_collector_type_)) {
background_collector_type_ = foreground_collector_type_;
}
TransitionCollector(foreground_collector_type_);
}
std::string Heap::SafeGetClassDescriptor(mirror::Class* klass) {
if (!IsValidContinuousSpaceObjectAddress(klass)) {
return StringPrintf("<non heap address klass %p>", klass);
}
mirror::Class* component_type = klass->GetComponentType<kVerifyNone>();
if (IsValidContinuousSpaceObjectAddress(component_type) && klass->IsArrayClass<kVerifyNone>()) {
std::string result("[");
result += SafeGetClassDescriptor(component_type);
return result;
} else if (UNLIKELY(klass->IsPrimitive<kVerifyNone>())) {
return Primitive::Descriptor(klass->GetPrimitiveType<kVerifyNone>());
} else if (UNLIKELY(klass->IsProxyClass<kVerifyNone>())) {
return Runtime::Current()->GetClassLinker()->GetDescriptorForProxy(klass);
} else {
mirror::DexCache* dex_cache = klass->GetDexCache<kVerifyNone>();
if (!IsValidContinuousSpaceObjectAddress(dex_cache)) {
return StringPrintf("<non heap address dex_cache %p>", dex_cache);
}
const DexFile* dex_file = dex_cache->GetDexFile();
uint16_t class_def_idx = klass->GetDexClassDefIndex();
if (class_def_idx == DexFile::kDexNoIndex16) {
return "<class def not found>";
}
const DexFile::ClassDef& class_def = dex_file->GetClassDef(class_def_idx);
const DexFile::TypeId& type_id = dex_file->GetTypeId(class_def.class_idx_);
return dex_file->GetTypeDescriptor(type_id);
}
}
std::string Heap::SafePrettyTypeOf(mirror::Object* obj) {
if (obj == nullptr) {
return "null";
}
mirror::Class* klass = obj->GetClass<kVerifyNone>();
if (klass == nullptr) {
return "(class=null)";
}
std::string result(SafeGetClassDescriptor(klass));
if (obj->IsClass()) {
result += "<" + SafeGetClassDescriptor(obj->AsClass<kVerifyNone>()) + ">";
}
return result;
}
void Heap::DumpObject(std::ostream& stream, mirror::Object* obj) {
if (obj == nullptr) {
stream << "(obj=null)";
return;
}
if (IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(obj)) {
space::Space* space = nullptr;
// Don't use find space since it only finds spaces which actually contain objects instead of
// spaces which may contain objects (e.g. cleared bump pointer spaces).
for (const auto& cur_space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (cur_space->HasAddress(obj)) {
space = cur_space;
break;
}
}
// Unprotect all the spaces.
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
mprotect(space->Begin(), space->Capacity(), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
}
stream << "Object " << obj;
if (space != nullptr) {
stream << " in space " << *space;
}
mirror::Class* klass = obj->GetClass<kVerifyNone>();
stream << "\nclass=" << klass;
if (klass != nullptr) {
stream << " type= " << SafePrettyTypeOf(obj);
}
// Re-protect the address we faulted on.
mprotect(AlignDown(obj, kPageSize), kPageSize, PROT_NONE);
}
}
bool Heap::IsCompilingBoot() const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->IsImageSpace() || space->IsZygoteSpace()) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
bool Heap::HasImageSpace() const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->IsImageSpace()) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
void Heap::IncrementDisableMovingGC(Thread* self) {
// Need to do this holding the lock to prevent races where the GC is about to run / running when
// we attempt to disable it.
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingForGcToComplete);
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
++disable_moving_gc_count_;
if (IsMovingGc(collector_type_running_)) {
WaitForGcToCompleteLocked(kGcCauseDisableMovingGc, self);
}
}
void Heap::DecrementDisableMovingGC(Thread* self) {
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
CHECK_GE(disable_moving_gc_count_, 0U);
--disable_moving_gc_count_;
}
void Heap::UpdateProcessState(ProcessState process_state) {
if (process_state_ != process_state) {
process_state_ = process_state;
for (size_t i = 1; i <= kCollectorTransitionStressIterations; ++i) {
// Start at index 1 to avoid "is always false" warning.
// Have iteration 1 always transition the collector.
TransitionCollector((((i & 1) == 1) == (process_state_ == kProcessStateJankPerceptible))
? foreground_collector_type_ : background_collector_type_);
usleep(kCollectorTransitionStressWait);
}
if (process_state_ == kProcessStateJankPerceptible) {
// Transition back to foreground right away to prevent jank.
RequestCollectorTransition(foreground_collector_type_, 0);
} else {
// Don't delay for debug builds since we may want to stress test the GC.
// If background_collector_type_ is kCollectorTypeHomogeneousSpaceCompact then we have
// special handling which does a homogenous space compaction once but then doesn't transition
// the collector.
RequestCollectorTransition(background_collector_type_,
kIsDebugBuild ? 0 : kCollectorTransitionWait);
}
}
}
void Heap::CreateThreadPool() {
const size_t num_threads = std::max(parallel_gc_threads_, conc_gc_threads_);
if (num_threads != 0) {
thread_pool_.reset(new ThreadPool("Heap thread pool", num_threads));
}
}
void Heap::VisitObjects(ObjectCallback callback, void* arg) {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
// GCs can move objects, so don't allow this.
const char* old_cause = self->StartAssertNoThreadSuspension("Visiting objects");
if (bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr) {
// Visit objects in bump pointer space.
bump_pointer_space_->Walk(callback, arg);
}
// TODO: Switch to standard begin and end to use ranged a based loop.
for (mirror::Object** it = allocation_stack_->Begin(), **end = allocation_stack_->End();
it < end; ++it) {
mirror::Object* obj = *it;
if (obj != nullptr && obj->GetClass() != nullptr) {
// Avoid the race condition caused by the object not yet being written into the allocation
// stack or the class not yet being written in the object. Or, if kUseThreadLocalAllocationStack,
// there can be nulls on the allocation stack.
callback(obj, arg);
}
}
GetLiveBitmap()->Walk(callback, arg);
self->EndAssertNoThreadSuspension(old_cause);
}
void Heap::MarkAllocStackAsLive(accounting::ObjectStack* stack) {
space::ContinuousSpace* space1 = main_space_ != nullptr ? main_space_ : non_moving_space_;
space::ContinuousSpace* space2 = non_moving_space_;
// TODO: Generalize this to n bitmaps?
CHECK(space1 != nullptr);
CHECK(space2 != nullptr);
MarkAllocStack(space1->GetLiveBitmap(), space2->GetLiveBitmap(),
large_object_space_->GetLiveBitmap(), stack);
}
void Heap::DeleteThreadPool() {
thread_pool_.reset(nullptr);
}
void Heap::AddSpace(space::Space* space) {
CHECK(space != nullptr);
WriterMutexLock mu(Thread::Current(), *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
if (space->IsContinuousSpace()) {
DCHECK(!space->IsDiscontinuousSpace());
space::ContinuousSpace* continuous_space = space->AsContinuousSpace();
// Continuous spaces don't necessarily have bitmaps.
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* live_bitmap = continuous_space->GetLiveBitmap();
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* mark_bitmap = continuous_space->GetMarkBitmap();
if (live_bitmap != nullptr) {
CHECK(mark_bitmap != nullptr);
live_bitmap_->AddContinuousSpaceBitmap(live_bitmap);
mark_bitmap_->AddContinuousSpaceBitmap(mark_bitmap);
}
continuous_spaces_.push_back(continuous_space);
// Ensure that spaces remain sorted in increasing order of start address.
std::sort(continuous_spaces_.begin(), continuous_spaces_.end(),
[](const space::ContinuousSpace* a, const space::ContinuousSpace* b) {
return a->Begin() < b->Begin();
});
} else {
CHECK(space->IsDiscontinuousSpace());
space::DiscontinuousSpace* discontinuous_space = space->AsDiscontinuousSpace();
live_bitmap_->AddLargeObjectBitmap(discontinuous_space->GetLiveBitmap());
mark_bitmap_->AddLargeObjectBitmap(discontinuous_space->GetMarkBitmap());
discontinuous_spaces_.push_back(discontinuous_space);
}
if (space->IsAllocSpace()) {
alloc_spaces_.push_back(space->AsAllocSpace());
}
}
void Heap::SetSpaceAsDefault(space::ContinuousSpace* continuous_space) {
WriterMutexLock mu(Thread::Current(), *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
if (continuous_space->IsDlMallocSpace()) {
dlmalloc_space_ = continuous_space->AsDlMallocSpace();
} else if (continuous_space->IsRosAllocSpace()) {
rosalloc_space_ = continuous_space->AsRosAllocSpace();
}
}
void Heap::RemoveSpace(space::Space* space) {
DCHECK(space != nullptr);
WriterMutexLock mu(Thread::Current(), *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
if (space->IsContinuousSpace()) {
DCHECK(!space->IsDiscontinuousSpace());
space::ContinuousSpace* continuous_space = space->AsContinuousSpace();
// Continuous spaces don't necessarily have bitmaps.
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* live_bitmap = continuous_space->GetLiveBitmap();
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* mark_bitmap = continuous_space->GetMarkBitmap();
if (live_bitmap != nullptr) {
DCHECK(mark_bitmap != nullptr);
live_bitmap_->RemoveContinuousSpaceBitmap(live_bitmap);
mark_bitmap_->RemoveContinuousSpaceBitmap(mark_bitmap);
}
auto it = std::find(continuous_spaces_.begin(), continuous_spaces_.end(), continuous_space);
DCHECK(it != continuous_spaces_.end());
continuous_spaces_.erase(it);
} else {
DCHECK(space->IsDiscontinuousSpace());
space::DiscontinuousSpace* discontinuous_space = space->AsDiscontinuousSpace();
live_bitmap_->RemoveLargeObjectBitmap(discontinuous_space->GetLiveBitmap());
mark_bitmap_->RemoveLargeObjectBitmap(discontinuous_space->GetMarkBitmap());
auto it = std::find(discontinuous_spaces_.begin(), discontinuous_spaces_.end(),
discontinuous_space);
DCHECK(it != discontinuous_spaces_.end());
discontinuous_spaces_.erase(it);
}
if (space->IsAllocSpace()) {
auto it = std::find(alloc_spaces_.begin(), alloc_spaces_.end(), space->AsAllocSpace());
DCHECK(it != alloc_spaces_.end());
alloc_spaces_.erase(it);
}
}
void Heap::RegisterGCAllocation(size_t bytes) {
gc_memory_overhead_.FetchAndAddSequentiallyConsistent(bytes);
}
void Heap::RegisterGCDeAllocation(size_t bytes) {
gc_memory_overhead_.FetchAndSubSequentiallyConsistent(bytes);
}
void Heap::DumpGcPerformanceInfo(std::ostream& os) {
// Dump cumulative timings.
os << "Dumping cumulative Gc timings\n";
uint64_t total_duration = 0;
// Dump cumulative loggers for each GC type.
uint64_t total_paused_time = 0;
for (auto& collector : garbage_collectors_) {
const CumulativeLogger& logger = collector->GetCumulativeTimings();
const size_t iterations = logger.GetIterations();
const Histogram<uint64_t>& pause_histogram = collector->GetPauseHistogram();
if (iterations != 0 && pause_histogram.SampleSize() != 0) {
os << ConstDumpable<CumulativeLogger>(logger);
const uint64_t total_ns = logger.GetTotalNs();
const uint64_t total_pause_ns = collector->GetTotalPausedTimeNs();
double seconds = NsToMs(logger.GetTotalNs()) / 1000.0;
const uint64_t freed_bytes = collector->GetTotalFreedBytes();
const uint64_t freed_objects = collector->GetTotalFreedObjects();
Histogram<uint64_t>::CumulativeData cumulative_data;
pause_histogram.CreateHistogram(&cumulative_data);
pause_histogram.PrintConfidenceIntervals(os, 0.99, cumulative_data);
os << collector->GetName() << " total time: " << PrettyDuration(total_ns)
<< " mean time: " << PrettyDuration(total_ns / iterations) << "\n"
<< collector->GetName() << " freed: " << freed_objects
<< " objects with total size " << PrettySize(freed_bytes) << "\n"
<< collector->GetName() << " throughput: " << freed_objects / seconds << "/s / "
<< PrettySize(freed_bytes / seconds) << "/s\n";
total_duration += total_ns;
total_paused_time += total_pause_ns;
}
collector->ResetMeasurements();
}
uint64_t allocation_time =
static_cast<uint64_t>(total_allocation_time_.LoadRelaxed()) * kTimeAdjust;
if (total_duration != 0) {
const double total_seconds = static_cast<double>(total_duration / 1000) / 1000000.0;
os << "Total time spent in GC: " << PrettyDuration(total_duration) << "\n";
os << "Mean GC size throughput: "
<< PrettySize(GetBytesFreedEver() / total_seconds) << "/s\n";
os << "Mean GC object throughput: "
<< (GetObjectsFreedEver() / total_seconds) << " objects/s\n";
}
uint64_t total_objects_allocated = GetObjectsAllocatedEver();
os << "Total number of allocations " << total_objects_allocated << "\n";
uint64_t total_bytes_allocated = GetBytesAllocatedEver();
os << "Total bytes allocated " << PrettySize(total_bytes_allocated) << "\n";
os << "Free memory " << PrettySize(GetFreeMemory()) << "\n";
os << "Free memory until GC " << PrettySize(GetFreeMemoryUntilGC()) << "\n";
os << "Free memory until OOME " << PrettySize(GetFreeMemoryUntilOOME()) << "\n";
os << "Total memory " << PrettySize(GetTotalMemory()) << "\n";
os << "Max memory " << PrettySize(GetMaxMemory()) << "\n";
if (kMeasureAllocationTime) {
os << "Total time spent allocating: " << PrettyDuration(allocation_time) << "\n";
os << "Mean allocation time: " << PrettyDuration(allocation_time / total_objects_allocated)
<< "\n";
}
os << "Total mutator paused time: " << PrettyDuration(total_paused_time) << "\n";
os << "Total time waiting for GC to complete: " << PrettyDuration(total_wait_time_) << "\n";
os << "Approximate GC data structures memory overhead: " << gc_memory_overhead_.LoadRelaxed();
BaseMutex::DumpAll(os);
}
Heap::~Heap() {
VLOG(heap) << "Starting ~Heap()";
STLDeleteElements(&garbage_collectors_);
// If we don't reset then the mark stack complains in its destructor.
allocation_stack_->Reset();
live_stack_->Reset();
STLDeleteValues(&mod_union_tables_);
STLDeleteValues(&remembered_sets_);
STLDeleteElements(&continuous_spaces_);
STLDeleteElements(&discontinuous_spaces_);
delete gc_complete_lock_;
delete heap_trim_request_lock_;
VLOG(heap) << "Finished ~Heap()";
}
space::ContinuousSpace* Heap::FindContinuousSpaceFromObject(const mirror::Object* obj,
bool fail_ok) const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->Contains(obj)) {
return space;
}
}
if (!fail_ok) {
LOG(FATAL) << "object " << reinterpret_cast<const void*>(obj) << " not inside any spaces!";
}
return NULL;
}
space::DiscontinuousSpace* Heap::FindDiscontinuousSpaceFromObject(const mirror::Object* obj,
bool fail_ok) const {
for (const auto& space : discontinuous_spaces_) {
if (space->Contains(obj)) {
return space;
}
}
if (!fail_ok) {
LOG(FATAL) << "object " << reinterpret_cast<const void*>(obj) << " not inside any spaces!";
}
return NULL;
}
space::Space* Heap::FindSpaceFromObject(const mirror::Object* obj, bool fail_ok) const {
space::Space* result = FindContinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true);
if (result != NULL) {
return result;
}
return FindDiscontinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true);
}
space::ImageSpace* Heap::GetImageSpace() const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->IsImageSpace()) {
return space->AsImageSpace();
}
}
return NULL;
}
void Heap::ThrowOutOfMemoryError(Thread* self, size_t byte_count, AllocatorType allocator_type) {
std::ostringstream oss;
size_t total_bytes_free = GetFreeMemory();
oss << "Failed to allocate a " << byte_count << " byte allocation with " << total_bytes_free
<< " free bytes and " << PrettySize(GetFreeMemoryUntilOOME()) << " until OOM";
// If the allocation failed due to fragmentation, print out the largest continuous allocation.
if (total_bytes_free >= byte_count) {
space::AllocSpace* space = nullptr;
if (allocator_type == kAllocatorTypeNonMoving) {
space = non_moving_space_;
} else if (allocator_type == kAllocatorTypeRosAlloc ||
allocator_type == kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc) {
space = main_space_;
} else if (allocator_type == kAllocatorTypeBumpPointer ||
allocator_type == kAllocatorTypeTLAB) {
space = bump_pointer_space_;
}
if (space != nullptr) {
space->LogFragmentationAllocFailure(oss, byte_count);
}
}
self->ThrowOutOfMemoryError(oss.str().c_str());
}
void Heap::DoPendingTransitionOrTrim() {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
CollectorType desired_collector_type;
// Wait until we reach the desired transition time.
while (true) {
uint64_t wait_time;
{
MutexLock mu(self, *heap_trim_request_lock_);
desired_collector_type = desired_collector_type_;
uint64_t current_time = NanoTime();
if (current_time >= heap_transition_or_trim_target_time_) {
break;
}
wait_time = heap_transition_or_trim_target_time_ - current_time;
}
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kSleeping);
usleep(wait_time / 1000); // Usleep takes microseconds.
}
// Launch homogeneous space compaction if it is desired.
if (desired_collector_type == kCollectorTypeHomogeneousSpaceCompact) {
if (!CareAboutPauseTimes()) {
PerformHomogeneousSpaceCompact();
}
// No need to Trim(). Homogeneous space compaction may free more virtual and physical memory.
desired_collector_type = collector_type_;
return;
}
// Transition the collector if the desired collector type is not the same as the current
// collector type.
TransitionCollector(desired_collector_type);
if (!CareAboutPauseTimes()) {
// Deflate the monitors, this can cause a pause but shouldn't matter since we don't care
// about pauses.
Runtime* runtime = Runtime::Current();
runtime->GetThreadList()->SuspendAll();
uint64_t start_time = NanoTime();
size_t count = runtime->GetMonitorList()->DeflateMonitors();
VLOG(heap) << "Deflating " << count << " monitors took "
<< PrettyDuration(NanoTime() - start_time);
runtime->GetThreadList()->ResumeAll();
}
// Do a heap trim if it is needed.
Trim();
}
void Heap::Trim() {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
{
MutexLock mu(self, *heap_trim_request_lock_);
if (!heap_trim_request_pending_ || last_trim_time_ + kHeapTrimWait >= NanoTime()) {
return;
}
last_trim_time_ = NanoTime();
heap_trim_request_pending_ = false;
}
{
// Need to do this before acquiring the locks since we don't want to get suspended while
// holding any locks.
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingForGcToComplete);
// Pretend we are doing a GC to prevent background compaction from deleting the space we are
// trimming.
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
// Ensure there is only one GC at a time.
WaitForGcToCompleteLocked(kGcCauseTrim, self);
collector_type_running_ = kCollectorTypeHeapTrim;
}
uint64_t start_ns = NanoTime();
// Trim the managed spaces.
uint64_t total_alloc_space_allocated = 0;
uint64_t total_alloc_space_size = 0;
uint64_t managed_reclaimed = 0;
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->IsMallocSpace()) {
gc::space::MallocSpace* malloc_space = space->AsMallocSpace();
if (malloc_space->IsRosAllocSpace() || !CareAboutPauseTimes()) {
// Don't trim dlmalloc spaces if we care about pauses since this can hold the space lock
// for a long period of time.
managed_reclaimed += malloc_space->Trim();
}
total_alloc_space_size += malloc_space->Size();
}
}
total_alloc_space_allocated = GetBytesAllocated() - large_object_space_->GetBytesAllocated();
if (bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr) {
total_alloc_space_allocated -= bump_pointer_space_->Size();
}
const float managed_utilization = static_cast<float>(total_alloc_space_allocated) /
static_cast<float>(total_alloc_space_size);
uint64_t gc_heap_end_ns = NanoTime();
// We never move things in the native heap, so we can finish the GC at this point.
FinishGC(self, collector::kGcTypeNone);
size_t native_reclaimed = 0;
// Only trim the native heap if we don't care about pauses.
if (!CareAboutPauseTimes()) {
#if defined(USE_DLMALLOC)
// Trim the native heap.
dlmalloc_trim(0);
dlmalloc_inspect_all(DlmallocMadviseCallback, &native_reclaimed);
#elif defined(USE_JEMALLOC)
// Jemalloc does it's own internal trimming.
#else
UNIMPLEMENTED(WARNING) << "Add trimming support";
#endif
}
uint64_t end_ns = NanoTime();
VLOG(heap) << "Heap trim of managed (duration=" << PrettyDuration(gc_heap_end_ns - start_ns)
<< ", advised=" << PrettySize(managed_reclaimed) << ") and native (duration="
<< PrettyDuration(end_ns - gc_heap_end_ns) << ", advised=" << PrettySize(native_reclaimed)
<< ") heaps. Managed heap utilization of " << static_cast<int>(100 * managed_utilization)
<< "%.";
}
bool Heap::IsValidObjectAddress(const mirror::Object* obj) const {
// Note: we deliberately don't take the lock here, and mustn't test anything that would require
// taking the lock.
if (obj == nullptr) {
return true;
}
return IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(obj) && FindSpaceFromObject(obj, true) != nullptr;
}
bool Heap::IsNonDiscontinuousSpaceHeapAddress(const mirror::Object* obj) const {
return FindContinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true) != nullptr;
}
bool Heap::IsValidContinuousSpaceObjectAddress(const mirror::Object* obj) const {
if (obj == nullptr || !IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(obj)) {
return false;
}
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->HasAddress(obj)) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
bool Heap::IsLiveObjectLocked(mirror::Object* obj, bool search_allocation_stack,
bool search_live_stack, bool sorted) {
if (UNLIKELY(!IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(obj))) {
return false;
}
if (bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr && bump_pointer_space_->HasAddress(obj)) {
mirror::Class* klass = obj->GetClass<kVerifyNone>();
if (obj == klass) {
// This case happens for java.lang.Class.
return true;
}
return VerifyClassClass(klass) && IsLiveObjectLocked(klass);
} else if (temp_space_ != nullptr && temp_space_->HasAddress(obj)) {
// If we are in the allocated region of the temp space, then we are probably live (e.g. during
// a GC). When a GC isn't running End() - Begin() is 0 which means no objects are contained.
return temp_space_->Contains(obj);
}
space::ContinuousSpace* c_space = FindContinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true);
space::DiscontinuousSpace* d_space = nullptr;
if (c_space != nullptr) {
if (c_space->GetLiveBitmap()->Test(obj)) {
return true;
}
} else {
d_space = FindDiscontinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true);
if (d_space != nullptr) {
if (d_space->GetLiveBitmap()->Test(obj)) {
return true;
}
}
}
// This is covering the allocation/live stack swapping that is done without mutators suspended.
for (size_t i = 0; i < (sorted ? 1 : 5); ++i) {
if (i > 0) {
NanoSleep(MsToNs(10));
}
if (search_allocation_stack) {
if (sorted) {
if (allocation_stack_->ContainsSorted(obj)) {
return true;
}
} else if (allocation_stack_->Contains(obj)) {
return true;
}
}
if (search_live_stack) {
if (sorted) {
if (live_stack_->ContainsSorted(obj)) {
return true;
}
} else if (live_stack_->Contains(obj)) {
return true;
}
}
}
// We need to check the bitmaps again since there is a race where we mark something as live and
// then clear the stack containing it.
if (c_space != nullptr) {
if (c_space->GetLiveBitmap()->Test(obj)) {
return true;
}
} else {
d_space = FindDiscontinuousSpaceFromObject(obj, true);
if (d_space != nullptr && d_space->GetLiveBitmap()->Test(obj)) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
std::string Heap::DumpSpaces() const {
std::ostringstream oss;
DumpSpaces(oss);
return oss.str();
}
void Heap::DumpSpaces(std::ostream& stream) const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* live_bitmap = space->GetLiveBitmap();
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* mark_bitmap = space->GetMarkBitmap();
stream << space << " " << *space << "\n";
if (live_bitmap != nullptr) {
stream << live_bitmap << " " << *live_bitmap << "\n";
}
if (mark_bitmap != nullptr) {
stream << mark_bitmap << " " << *mark_bitmap << "\n";
}
}
for (const auto& space : discontinuous_spaces_) {
stream << space << " " << *space << "\n";
}
}
void Heap::VerifyObjectBody(mirror::Object* obj) {
if (verify_object_mode_ == kVerifyObjectModeDisabled) {
return;
}
// Ignore early dawn of the universe verifications.
if (UNLIKELY(static_cast<size_t>(num_bytes_allocated_.LoadRelaxed()) < 10 * KB)) {
return;
}
CHECK(IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(obj)) << "Object isn't aligned: " << obj;
mirror::Class* c = obj->GetFieldObject<mirror::Class, kVerifyNone>(mirror::Object::ClassOffset());
CHECK(c != nullptr) << "Null class in object " << obj;
CHECK(IsAligned<kObjectAlignment>(c)) << "Class " << c << " not aligned in object " << obj;
CHECK(VerifyClassClass(c));
if (verify_object_mode_ > kVerifyObjectModeFast) {
// Note: the bitmap tests below are racy since we don't hold the heap bitmap lock.
CHECK(IsLiveObjectLocked(obj)) << "Object is dead " << obj << "\n" << DumpSpaces();
}
}
void Heap::VerificationCallback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg) {
reinterpret_cast<Heap*>(arg)->VerifyObjectBody(obj);
}
void Heap::VerifyHeap() {
ReaderMutexLock mu(Thread::Current(), *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
GetLiveBitmap()->Walk(Heap::VerificationCallback, this);
}
void Heap::RecordFree(uint64_t freed_objects, int64_t freed_bytes) {
// Use signed comparison since freed bytes can be negative when background compaction foreground
// transitions occurs. This is caused by the moving objects from a bump pointer space to a
// free list backed space typically increasing memory footprint due to padding and binning.
DCHECK_LE(freed_bytes, static_cast<int64_t>(num_bytes_allocated_.LoadRelaxed()));
// Note: This relies on 2s complement for handling negative freed_bytes.
num_bytes_allocated_.FetchAndSubSequentiallyConsistent(static_cast<ssize_t>(freed_bytes));
if (Runtime::Current()->HasStatsEnabled()) {
RuntimeStats* thread_stats = Thread::Current()->GetStats();
thread_stats->freed_objects += freed_objects;
thread_stats->freed_bytes += freed_bytes;
// TODO: Do this concurrently.
RuntimeStats* global_stats = Runtime::Current()->GetStats();
global_stats->freed_objects += freed_objects;
global_stats->freed_bytes += freed_bytes;
}
}
space::RosAllocSpace* Heap::GetRosAllocSpace(gc::allocator::RosAlloc* rosalloc) const {
for (const auto& space : continuous_spaces_) {
if (space->AsContinuousSpace()->IsRosAllocSpace()) {
if (space->AsContinuousSpace()->AsRosAllocSpace()->GetRosAlloc() == rosalloc) {
return space->AsContinuousSpace()->AsRosAllocSpace();
}
}
}
return nullptr;
}
mirror::Object* Heap::AllocateInternalWithGc(Thread* self, AllocatorType allocator,
size_t alloc_size, size_t* bytes_allocated,
size_t* usable_size,
mirror::Class** klass) {
bool was_default_allocator = allocator == GetCurrentAllocator();
DCHECK(klass != nullptr);
StackHandleScope<1> hs(self);
HandleWrapper<mirror::Class> h(hs.NewHandleWrapper(klass));
klass = nullptr; // Invalidate for safety.
// The allocation failed. If the GC is running, block until it completes, and then retry the
// allocation.
collector::GcType last_gc = WaitForGcToComplete(kGcCauseForAlloc, self);
if (last_gc != collector::kGcTypeNone) {
// If we were the default allocator but the allocator changed while we were suspended,
// abort the allocation.
if (was_default_allocator && allocator != GetCurrentAllocator()) {
return nullptr;
}
// A GC was in progress and we blocked, retry allocation now that memory has been freed.
mirror::Object* ptr = TryToAllocate<true, false>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated,
usable_size);
if (ptr != nullptr) {
return ptr;
}
}
collector::GcType tried_type = next_gc_type_;
const bool gc_ran =
CollectGarbageInternal(tried_type, kGcCauseForAlloc, false) != collector::kGcTypeNone;
if (was_default_allocator && allocator != GetCurrentAllocator()) {
return nullptr;
}
if (gc_ran) {
mirror::Object* ptr = TryToAllocate<true, false>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated,
usable_size);
if (ptr != nullptr) {
return ptr;
}
}
// Loop through our different Gc types and try to Gc until we get enough free memory.
for (collector::GcType gc_type : gc_plan_) {
if (gc_type == tried_type) {
continue;
}
// Attempt to run the collector, if we succeed, re-try the allocation.
const bool gc_ran =
CollectGarbageInternal(gc_type, kGcCauseForAlloc, false) != collector::kGcTypeNone;
if (was_default_allocator && allocator != GetCurrentAllocator()) {
return nullptr;
}
if (gc_ran) {
// Did we free sufficient memory for the allocation to succeed?
mirror::Object* ptr = TryToAllocate<true, false>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated,
usable_size);
if (ptr != nullptr) {
return ptr;
}
}
}
// Allocations have failed after GCs; this is an exceptional state.
// Try harder, growing the heap if necessary.
mirror::Object* ptr = TryToAllocate<true, true>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated,
usable_size);
if (ptr != nullptr) {
return ptr;
}
// Most allocations should have succeeded by now, so the heap is really full, really fragmented,
// or the requested size is really big. Do another GC, collecting SoftReferences this time. The
// VM spec requires that all SoftReferences have been collected and cleared before throwing
// OOME.
VLOG(gc) << "Forcing collection of SoftReferences for " << PrettySize(alloc_size)
<< " allocation";
// TODO: Run finalization, but this may cause more allocations to occur.
// We don't need a WaitForGcToComplete here either.
DCHECK(!gc_plan_.empty());
CollectGarbageInternal(gc_plan_.back(), kGcCauseForAlloc, true);
if (was_default_allocator && allocator != GetCurrentAllocator()) {
return nullptr;
}
ptr = TryToAllocate<true, true>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated, usable_size);
if (ptr == nullptr && use_homogeneous_space_compaction_for_oom_) {
const uint64_t current_time = NanoTime();
if ((allocator == kAllocatorTypeRosAlloc || allocator == kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc) &&
current_time - last_time_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom_ >
min_interval_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom_) {
last_time_homogeneous_space_compaction_by_oom_ = current_time;
HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult result = PerformHomogeneousSpaceCompact();
switch (result) {
case HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kSuccess:
// If the allocation succeeded, we delayed an oom.
ptr = TryToAllocate<true, true>(self, allocator, alloc_size, bytes_allocated, usable_size);
if (ptr != nullptr) {
count_delayed_oom_++;
}
break;
case HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kErrorReject:
// Reject due to disabled moving GC.
break;
case HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kErrorVMShuttingDown:
// Throw OOM by default.
break;
default: {
LOG(FATAL) << "Unimplemented homogeneous space compaction result " << static_cast<size_t>(result);
}
}
// Always print that we ran homogeneous space compation since this can cause jank.
VLOG(heap) << "Ran heap homogeneous space compaction, "
<< " requested defragmentation "
<< count_requested_homogeneous_space_compaction_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent()
<< " performed defragmentation "
<< count_performed_homogeneous_space_compaction_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent()
<< " ignored homogeneous space compaction "
<< count_ignored_homogeneous_space_compaction_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent()
<< " delayed count = "
<< count_delayed_oom_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent();
}
}
// If the allocation hasn't succeeded by this point, throw an OOM error.
if (ptr == nullptr) {
ThrowOutOfMemoryError(self, alloc_size, allocator);
}
return ptr;
}
void Heap::SetTargetHeapUtilization(float target) {
DCHECK_GT(target, 0.0f); // asserted in Java code
DCHECK_LT(target, 1.0f);
target_utilization_ = target;
}
size_t Heap::GetObjectsAllocated() const {
size_t total = 0;
for (space::AllocSpace* space : alloc_spaces_) {
total += space->GetObjectsAllocated();
}
return total;
}
uint64_t Heap::GetObjectsAllocatedEver() const {
return GetObjectsFreedEver() + GetObjectsAllocated();
}
uint64_t Heap::GetBytesAllocatedEver() const {
return GetBytesFreedEver() + GetBytesAllocated();
}
class InstanceCounter {
public:
InstanceCounter(const std::vector<mirror::Class*>& classes, bool use_is_assignable_from, uint64_t* counts)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_)
: classes_(classes), use_is_assignable_from_(use_is_assignable_from), counts_(counts) {
}
static void Callback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_) {
InstanceCounter* instance_counter = reinterpret_cast<InstanceCounter*>(arg);
mirror::Class* instance_class = obj->GetClass();
CHECK(instance_class != nullptr);
for (size_t i = 0; i < instance_counter->classes_.size(); ++i) {
if (instance_counter->use_is_assignable_from_) {
if (instance_counter->classes_[i]->IsAssignableFrom(instance_class)) {
++instance_counter->counts_[i];
}
} else if (instance_class == instance_counter->classes_[i]) {
++instance_counter->counts_[i];
}
}
}
private:
const std::vector<mirror::Class*>& classes_;
bool use_is_assignable_from_;
uint64_t* const counts_;
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(InstanceCounter);
};
void Heap::CountInstances(const std::vector<mirror::Class*>& classes, bool use_is_assignable_from,
uint64_t* counts) {
// Can't do any GC in this function since this may move classes.
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
auto* old_cause = self->StartAssertNoThreadSuspension("CountInstances");
InstanceCounter counter(classes, use_is_assignable_from, counts);
WriterMutexLock mu(self, *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
VisitObjects(InstanceCounter::Callback, &counter);
self->EndAssertNoThreadSuspension(old_cause);
}
class InstanceCollector {
public:
InstanceCollector(mirror::Class* c, int32_t max_count, std::vector<mirror::Object*>& instances)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_)
: class_(c), max_count_(max_count), instances_(instances) {
}
static void Callback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_) {
DCHECK(arg != nullptr);
InstanceCollector* instance_collector = reinterpret_cast<InstanceCollector*>(arg);
mirror::Class* instance_class = obj->GetClass();
if (instance_class == instance_collector->class_) {
if (instance_collector->max_count_ == 0 ||
instance_collector->instances_.size() < instance_collector->max_count_) {
instance_collector->instances_.push_back(obj);
}
}
}
private:
mirror::Class* class_;
uint32_t max_count_;
std::vector<mirror::Object*>& instances_;
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(InstanceCollector);
};
void Heap::GetInstances(mirror::Class* c, int32_t max_count,
std::vector<mirror::Object*>& instances) {
// Can't do any GC in this function since this may move classes.
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
auto* old_cause = self->StartAssertNoThreadSuspension("GetInstances");
InstanceCollector collector(c, max_count, instances);
WriterMutexLock mu(self, *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
VisitObjects(&InstanceCollector::Callback, &collector);
self->EndAssertNoThreadSuspension(old_cause);
}
class ReferringObjectsFinder {
public:
ReferringObjectsFinder(mirror::Object* object, int32_t max_count,
std::vector<mirror::Object*>& referring_objects)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_)
: object_(object), max_count_(max_count), referring_objects_(referring_objects) {
}
static void Callback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_) {
reinterpret_cast<ReferringObjectsFinder*>(arg)->operator()(obj);
}
// For bitmap Visit.
// TODO: Fix lock analysis to not use NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS, requires support for
// annotalysis on visitors.
void operator()(mirror::Object* o) const NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS {
o->VisitReferences<true>(*this, VoidFunctor());
}
// For Object::VisitReferences.
void operator()(mirror::Object* obj, MemberOffset offset, bool /* is_static */) const
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_) {
mirror::Object* ref = obj->GetFieldObject<mirror::Object>(offset);
if (ref == object_ && (max_count_ == 0 || referring_objects_.size() < max_count_)) {
referring_objects_.push_back(obj);
}
}
private:
mirror::Object* object_;
uint32_t max_count_;
std::vector<mirror::Object*>& referring_objects_;
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(ReferringObjectsFinder);
};
void Heap::GetReferringObjects(mirror::Object* o, int32_t max_count,
std::vector<mirror::Object*>& referring_objects) {
// Can't do any GC in this function since this may move the object o.
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
auto* old_cause = self->StartAssertNoThreadSuspension("GetReferringObjects");
ReferringObjectsFinder finder(o, max_count, referring_objects);
WriterMutexLock mu(self, *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
VisitObjects(&ReferringObjectsFinder::Callback, &finder);
self->EndAssertNoThreadSuspension(old_cause);
}
void Heap::CollectGarbage(bool clear_soft_references) {
// Even if we waited for a GC we still need to do another GC since weaks allocated during the
// last GC will not have necessarily been cleared.
CollectGarbageInternal(gc_plan_.back(), kGcCauseExplicit, clear_soft_references);
}
HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult Heap::PerformHomogeneousSpaceCompact() {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
// Inc requested homogeneous space compaction.
count_requested_homogeneous_space_compaction_++;
// Store performed homogeneous space compaction at a new request arrival.
ThreadList* tl = Runtime::Current()->GetThreadList();
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingPerformingGc);
Locks::mutator_lock_->AssertNotHeld(self);
{
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingForGcToComplete);
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
// Ensure there is only one GC at a time.
WaitForGcToCompleteLocked(kGcCauseHomogeneousSpaceCompact, self);
// Homogeneous space compaction is a copying transition, can't run it if the moving GC disable count
// is non zero.
// If the collecotr type changed to something which doesn't benefit from homogeneous space compaction,
// exit.
if (disable_moving_gc_count_ != 0 || IsMovingGc(collector_type_)) {
return HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kErrorReject;
}
collector_type_running_ = kCollectorTypeHomogeneousSpaceCompact;
}
if (Runtime::Current()->IsShuttingDown(self)) {
// Don't allow heap transitions to happen if the runtime is shutting down since these can
// cause objects to get finalized.
FinishGC(self, collector::kGcTypeNone);
return HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kErrorVMShuttingDown;
}
// Suspend all threads.
tl->SuspendAll();
uint64_t start_time = NanoTime();
// Launch compaction.
space::MallocSpace* to_space = main_space_backup_.release();
space::MallocSpace* from_space = main_space_;
to_space->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
const uint64_t space_size_before_compaction = from_space->Size();
AddSpace(to_space);
Compact(to_space, from_space, kGcCauseHomogeneousSpaceCompact);
// Leave as prot read so that we can still run ROSAlloc verification on this space.
from_space->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ);
const uint64_t space_size_after_compaction = to_space->Size();
main_space_ = to_space;
main_space_backup_.reset(from_space);
RemoveSpace(from_space);
SetSpaceAsDefault(main_space_); // Set as default to reset the proper dlmalloc space.
// Update performed homogeneous space compaction count.
count_performed_homogeneous_space_compaction_++;
// Print statics log and resume all threads.
uint64_t duration = NanoTime() - start_time;
LOG(INFO) << "Heap homogeneous space compaction took " << PrettyDuration(duration) << " size: "
<< PrettySize(space_size_before_compaction) << " -> "
<< PrettySize(space_size_after_compaction) << " compact-ratio: "
<< std::fixed << static_cast<double>(space_size_after_compaction) /
static_cast<double>(space_size_before_compaction);
tl->ResumeAll();
// Finish GC.
reference_processor_.EnqueueClearedReferences(self);
GrowForUtilization(semi_space_collector_);
FinishGC(self, collector::kGcTypeFull);
return HomogeneousSpaceCompactResult::kSuccess;
}
void Heap::TransitionCollector(CollectorType collector_type) {
if (collector_type == collector_type_) {
return;
}
VLOG(heap) << "TransitionCollector: " << static_cast<int>(collector_type_)
<< " -> " << static_cast<int>(collector_type);
uint64_t start_time = NanoTime();
uint32_t before_allocated = num_bytes_allocated_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent();
Runtime* const runtime = Runtime::Current();
ThreadList* const tl = runtime->GetThreadList();
Thread* const self = Thread::Current();
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingPerformingGc);
Locks::mutator_lock_->AssertNotHeld(self);
const bool copying_transition =
IsMovingGc(background_collector_type_) || IsMovingGc(foreground_collector_type_);
// Busy wait until we can GC (StartGC can fail if we have a non-zero
// compacting_gc_disable_count_, this should rarely occurs).
for (;;) {
{
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingForGcToComplete);
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
// Ensure there is only one GC at a time.
WaitForGcToCompleteLocked(kGcCauseCollectorTransition, self);
// If someone else beat us to it and changed the collector before we could, exit.
// This is safe to do before the suspend all since we set the collector_type_running_ before
// we exit the loop. If another thread attempts to do the heap transition before we exit,
// then it would get blocked on WaitForGcToCompleteLocked.
if (collector_type == collector_type_) {
return;
}
// GC can be disabled if someone has a used GetPrimitiveArrayCritical but not yet released.
if (!copying_transition || disable_moving_gc_count_ == 0) {
// TODO: Not hard code in semi-space collector?
collector_type_running_ = copying_transition ? kCollectorTypeSS : collector_type;
break;
}
}
usleep(1000);
}
if (runtime->IsShuttingDown(self)) {
// Don't allow heap transitions to happen if the runtime is shutting down since these can
// cause objects to get finalized.
FinishGC(self, collector::kGcTypeNone);
return;
}
tl->SuspendAll();
switch (collector_type) {
case kCollectorTypeSS: {
if (!IsMovingGc(collector_type_)) {
// Create the bump pointer space from the backup space.
CHECK(main_space_backup_ != nullptr);
std::unique_ptr<MemMap> mem_map(main_space_backup_->ReleaseMemMap());
// We are transitioning from non moving GC -> moving GC, since we copied from the bump
// pointer space last transition it will be protected.
CHECK(mem_map != nullptr);
mem_map->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
bump_pointer_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::CreateFromMemMap("Bump pointer space",
mem_map.release());
AddSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
Compact(bump_pointer_space_, main_space_, kGcCauseCollectorTransition);
// Use the now empty main space mem map for the bump pointer temp space.
mem_map.reset(main_space_->ReleaseMemMap());
// Unset the pointers just in case.
if (dlmalloc_space_ == main_space_) {
dlmalloc_space_ = nullptr;
} else if (rosalloc_space_ == main_space_) {
rosalloc_space_ = nullptr;
}
// Remove the main space so that we don't try to trim it, this doens't work for debug
// builds since RosAlloc attempts to read the magic number from a protected page.
RemoveSpace(main_space_);
RemoveRememberedSet(main_space_);
delete main_space_; // Delete the space since it has been removed.
main_space_ = nullptr;
RemoveRememberedSet(main_space_backup_.get());
main_space_backup_.reset(nullptr); // Deletes the space.
temp_space_ = space::BumpPointerSpace::CreateFromMemMap("Bump pointer space 2",
mem_map.release());
AddSpace(temp_space_);
}
break;
}
case kCollectorTypeMS:
// Fall through.
case kCollectorTypeCMS: {
if (IsMovingGc(collector_type_)) {
CHECK(temp_space_ != nullptr);
std::unique_ptr<MemMap> mem_map(temp_space_->ReleaseMemMap());
RemoveSpace(temp_space_);
temp_space_ = nullptr;
mem_map->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
CreateMainMallocSpace(mem_map.get(), kDefaultInitialSize, mem_map->Size(),
mem_map->Size());
mem_map.release();
// Compact to the main space from the bump pointer space, don't need to swap semispaces.
AddSpace(main_space_);
Compact(main_space_, bump_pointer_space_, kGcCauseCollectorTransition);
mem_map.reset(bump_pointer_space_->ReleaseMemMap());
RemoveSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
bump_pointer_space_ = nullptr;
const char* name = kUseRosAlloc ? kRosAllocSpaceName[1] : kDlMallocSpaceName[1];
// Temporarily unprotect the backup mem map so rosalloc can write the debug magic number.
if (kIsDebugBuild && kUseRosAlloc) {
mem_map->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
}
main_space_backup_.reset(CreateMallocSpaceFromMemMap(mem_map.get(), kDefaultInitialSize,
mem_map->Size(), mem_map->Size(),
name, true));
if (kIsDebugBuild && kUseRosAlloc) {
mem_map->Protect(PROT_NONE);
}
mem_map.release();
}
break;
}
default: {
LOG(FATAL) << "Attempted to transition to invalid collector type "
<< static_cast<size_t>(collector_type);
break;
}
}
ChangeCollector(collector_type);
tl->ResumeAll();
// Can't call into java code with all threads suspended.
reference_processor_.EnqueueClearedReferences(self);
uint64_t duration = NanoTime() - start_time;
GrowForUtilization(semi_space_collector_);
FinishGC(self, collector::kGcTypeFull);
int32_t after_allocated = num_bytes_allocated_.LoadSequentiallyConsistent();
int32_t delta_allocated = before_allocated - after_allocated;
std::string saved_str;
if (delta_allocated >= 0) {
saved_str = " saved at least " + PrettySize(delta_allocated);
} else {
saved_str = " expanded " + PrettySize(-delta_allocated);
}
LOG(INFO) << "Heap transition to " << process_state_ << " took "
<< PrettyDuration(duration) << saved_str;
}
void Heap::ChangeCollector(CollectorType collector_type) {
// TODO: Only do this with all mutators suspended to avoid races.
if (collector_type != collector_type_) {
if (collector_type == kCollectorTypeMC) {
// Don't allow mark compact unless support is compiled in.
CHECK(kMarkCompactSupport);
}
collector_type_ = collector_type;
gc_plan_.clear();
switch (collector_type_) {
case kCollectorTypeCC: // Fall-through.
case kCollectorTypeMC: // Fall-through.
case kCollectorTypeSS: // Fall-through.
case kCollectorTypeGSS: {
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypeFull);
if (use_tlab_) {
ChangeAllocator(kAllocatorTypeTLAB);
} else {
ChangeAllocator(kAllocatorTypeBumpPointer);
}
break;
}
case kCollectorTypeMS: {
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypeSticky);
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypePartial);
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypeFull);
ChangeAllocator(kUseRosAlloc ? kAllocatorTypeRosAlloc : kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc);
break;
}
case kCollectorTypeCMS: {
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypeSticky);
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypePartial);
gc_plan_.push_back(collector::kGcTypeFull);
ChangeAllocator(kUseRosAlloc ? kAllocatorTypeRosAlloc : kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc);
break;
}
default: {
LOG(FATAL) << "Unimplemented";
}
}
if (IsGcConcurrent()) {
concurrent_start_bytes_ =
std::max(max_allowed_footprint_, kMinConcurrentRemainingBytes) - kMinConcurrentRemainingBytes;
} else {
concurrent_start_bytes_ = std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max();
}
}
}
// Special compacting collector which uses sub-optimal bin packing to reduce zygote space size.
class ZygoteCompactingCollector FINAL : public collector::SemiSpace {
public:
explicit ZygoteCompactingCollector(gc::Heap* heap) : SemiSpace(heap, false, "zygote collector"),
bin_live_bitmap_(nullptr), bin_mark_bitmap_(nullptr) {
}
void BuildBins(space::ContinuousSpace* space) {
bin_live_bitmap_ = space->GetLiveBitmap();
bin_mark_bitmap_ = space->GetMarkBitmap();
BinContext context;
context.prev_ = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(space->Begin());
context.collector_ = this;
WriterMutexLock mu(Thread::Current(), *Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_);
// Note: This requires traversing the space in increasing order of object addresses.
bin_live_bitmap_->Walk(Callback, reinterpret_cast<void*>(&context));
// Add the last bin which spans after the last object to the end of the space.
AddBin(reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(space->End()) - context.prev_, context.prev_);
}
private:
struct BinContext {
uintptr_t prev_; // The end of the previous object.
ZygoteCompactingCollector* collector_;
};
// Maps from bin sizes to locations.
std::multimap<size_t, uintptr_t> bins_;
// Live bitmap of the space which contains the bins.
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* bin_live_bitmap_;
// Mark bitmap of the space which contains the bins.
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* bin_mark_bitmap_;
static void Callback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_) {
DCHECK(arg != nullptr);
BinContext* context = reinterpret_cast<BinContext*>(arg);
ZygoteCompactingCollector* collector = context->collector_;
uintptr_t object_addr = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(obj);
size_t bin_size = object_addr - context->prev_;
// Add the bin consisting of the end of the previous object to the start of the current object.
collector->AddBin(bin_size, context->prev_);
context->prev_ = object_addr + RoundUp(obj->SizeOf(), kObjectAlignment);
}
void AddBin(size_t size, uintptr_t position) {
if (size != 0) {
bins_.insert(std::make_pair(size, position));
}
}
virtual bool ShouldSweepSpace(space::ContinuousSpace* space) const {
// Don't sweep any spaces since we probably blasted the internal accounting of the free list
// allocator.
return false;
}
virtual mirror::Object* MarkNonForwardedObject(mirror::Object* obj)
EXCLUSIVE_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_, Locks::mutator_lock_) {
size_t object_size = RoundUp(obj->SizeOf(), kObjectAlignment);
mirror::Object* forward_address;
// Find the smallest bin which we can move obj in.
auto it = bins_.lower_bound(object_size);
if (it == bins_.end()) {
// No available space in the bins, place it in the target space instead (grows the zygote
// space).
size_t bytes_allocated;
forward_address = to_space_->Alloc(self_, object_size, &bytes_allocated, nullptr);
if (to_space_live_bitmap_ != nullptr) {
to_space_live_bitmap_->Set(forward_address);
} else {
GetHeap()->GetNonMovingSpace()->GetLiveBitmap()->Set(forward_address);
GetHeap()->GetNonMovingSpace()->GetMarkBitmap()->Set(forward_address);
}
} else {
size_t size = it->first;
uintptr_t pos = it->second;
bins_.erase(it); // Erase the old bin which we replace with the new smaller bin.
forward_address = reinterpret_cast<mirror::Object*>(pos);
// Set the live and mark bits so that sweeping system weaks works properly.
bin_live_bitmap_->Set(forward_address);
bin_mark_bitmap_->Set(forward_address);
DCHECK_GE(size, object_size);
AddBin(size - object_size, pos + object_size); // Add a new bin with the remaining space.
}
// Copy the object over to its new location.
memcpy(reinterpret_cast<void*>(forward_address), obj, object_size);
if (kUseBakerOrBrooksReadBarrier) {
obj->AssertReadBarrierPointer();
if (kUseBrooksReadBarrier) {
DCHECK_EQ(forward_address->GetReadBarrierPointer(), obj);
forward_address->SetReadBarrierPointer(forward_address);
}
forward_address->AssertReadBarrierPointer();
}
return forward_address;
}
};
void Heap::UnBindBitmaps() {
TimingLogger::ScopedTiming t("UnBindBitmaps", GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetTimings());
for (const auto& space : GetContinuousSpaces()) {
if (space->IsContinuousMemMapAllocSpace()) {
space::ContinuousMemMapAllocSpace* alloc_space = space->AsContinuousMemMapAllocSpace();
if (alloc_space->HasBoundBitmaps()) {
alloc_space->UnBindBitmaps();
}
}
}
}
void Heap::PreZygoteFork() {
CollectGarbageInternal(collector::kGcTypeFull, kGcCauseBackground, false);
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
MutexLock mu(self, zygote_creation_lock_);
// Try to see if we have any Zygote spaces.
if (have_zygote_space_) {
return;
}
VLOG(heap) << "Starting PreZygoteFork";
// Trim the pages at the end of the non moving space.
non_moving_space_->Trim();
// The end of the non-moving space may be protected, unprotect it so that we can copy the zygote
// there.
non_moving_space_->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
// Change the collector to the post zygote one.
bool same_space = non_moving_space_ == main_space_;
if (kCompactZygote) {
DCHECK(semi_space_collector_ != nullptr);
// Temporarily disable rosalloc verification because the zygote
// compaction will mess up the rosalloc internal metadata.
ScopedDisableRosAllocVerification disable_rosalloc_verif(this);
ZygoteCompactingCollector zygote_collector(this);
zygote_collector.BuildBins(non_moving_space_);
// Create a new bump pointer space which we will compact into.
space::BumpPointerSpace target_space("zygote bump space", non_moving_space_->End(),
non_moving_space_->Limit());
// Compact the bump pointer space to a new zygote bump pointer space.
bool reset_main_space = false;
if (IsMovingGc(collector_type_)) {
zygote_collector.SetFromSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
} else {
CHECK(main_space_ != nullptr);
// Copy from the main space.
zygote_collector.SetFromSpace(main_space_);
reset_main_space = true;
}
zygote_collector.SetToSpace(&target_space);
zygote_collector.SetSwapSemiSpaces(false);
zygote_collector.Run(kGcCauseCollectorTransition, false);
if (reset_main_space) {
main_space_->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
madvise(main_space_->Begin(), main_space_->Capacity(), MADV_DONTNEED);
MemMap* mem_map = main_space_->ReleaseMemMap();
RemoveSpace(main_space_);
space::Space* old_main_space = main_space_;
CreateMainMallocSpace(mem_map, kDefaultInitialSize, mem_map->Size(), mem_map->Size());
delete old_main_space;
AddSpace(main_space_);
} else {
bump_pointer_space_->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
}
if (temp_space_ != nullptr) {
CHECK(temp_space_->IsEmpty());
}
total_objects_freed_ever_ += GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetFreedObjects();
total_bytes_freed_ever_ += GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetFreedBytes();
// Update the end and write out image.
non_moving_space_->SetEnd(target_space.End());
non_moving_space_->SetLimit(target_space.Limit());
VLOG(heap) << "Zygote space size " << non_moving_space_->Size() << " bytes";
}
ChangeCollector(foreground_collector_type_);
// Save the old space so that we can remove it after we complete creating the zygote space.
space::MallocSpace* old_alloc_space = non_moving_space_;
// Turn the current alloc space into a zygote space and obtain the new alloc space composed of
// the remaining available space.
// Remove the old space before creating the zygote space since creating the zygote space sets
// the old alloc space's bitmaps to nullptr.
RemoveSpace(old_alloc_space);
if (collector::SemiSpace::kUseRememberedSet) {
// Sanity bound check.
FindRememberedSetFromSpace(old_alloc_space)->AssertAllDirtyCardsAreWithinSpace();
// Remove the remembered set for the now zygote space (the old
// non-moving space). Note now that we have compacted objects into
// the zygote space, the data in the remembered set is no longer
// needed. The zygote space will instead have a mod-union table
// from this point on.
RemoveRememberedSet(old_alloc_space);
}
space::ZygoteSpace* zygote_space = old_alloc_space->CreateZygoteSpace("alloc space",
low_memory_mode_,
&non_moving_space_);
CHECK(!non_moving_space_->CanMoveObjects());
if (same_space) {
main_space_ = non_moving_space_;
SetSpaceAsDefault(main_space_);
}
delete old_alloc_space;
CHECK(zygote_space != nullptr) << "Failed creating zygote space";
AddSpace(zygote_space);
non_moving_space_->SetFootprintLimit(non_moving_space_->Capacity());
AddSpace(non_moving_space_);
have_zygote_space_ = true;
// Enable large object space allocations.
large_object_threshold_ = kDefaultLargeObjectThreshold;
// Create the zygote space mod union table.
accounting::ModUnionTable* mod_union_table =
new accounting::ModUnionTableCardCache("zygote space mod-union table", this, zygote_space);
CHECK(mod_union_table != nullptr) << "Failed to create zygote space mod-union table";
AddModUnionTable(mod_union_table);
if (collector::SemiSpace::kUseRememberedSet) {
// Add a new remembered set for the post-zygote non-moving space.
accounting::RememberedSet* post_zygote_non_moving_space_rem_set =
new accounting::RememberedSet("Post-zygote non-moving space remembered set", this,
non_moving_space_);
CHECK(post_zygote_non_moving_space_rem_set != nullptr)
<< "Failed to create post-zygote non-moving space remembered set";
AddRememberedSet(post_zygote_non_moving_space_rem_set);
}
}
void Heap::FlushAllocStack() {
MarkAllocStackAsLive(allocation_stack_.get());
allocation_stack_->Reset();
}
void Heap::MarkAllocStack(accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* bitmap1,
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* bitmap2,
accounting::LargeObjectBitmap* large_objects,
accounting::ObjectStack* stack) {
DCHECK(bitmap1 != nullptr);
DCHECK(bitmap2 != nullptr);
mirror::Object** limit = stack->End();
for (mirror::Object** it = stack->Begin(); it != limit; ++it) {
const mirror::Object* obj = *it;
if (!kUseThreadLocalAllocationStack || obj != nullptr) {
if (bitmap1->HasAddress(obj)) {
bitmap1->Set(obj);
} else if (bitmap2->HasAddress(obj)) {
bitmap2->Set(obj);
} else {
large_objects->Set(obj);
}
}
}
}
void Heap::SwapSemiSpaces() {
CHECK(bump_pointer_space_ != nullptr);
CHECK(temp_space_ != nullptr);
std::swap(bump_pointer_space_, temp_space_);
}
void Heap::Compact(space::ContinuousMemMapAllocSpace* target_space,
space::ContinuousMemMapAllocSpace* source_space,
GcCause gc_cause) {
CHECK(kMovingCollector);
if (target_space != source_space) {
// Don't swap spaces since this isn't a typical semi space collection.
semi_space_collector_->SetSwapSemiSpaces(false);
semi_space_collector_->SetFromSpace(source_space);
semi_space_collector_->SetToSpace(target_space);
semi_space_collector_->Run(gc_cause, false);
} else {
CHECK(target_space->IsBumpPointerSpace())
<< "In-place compaction is only supported for bump pointer spaces";
mark_compact_collector_->SetSpace(target_space->AsBumpPointerSpace());
mark_compact_collector_->Run(kGcCauseCollectorTransition, false);
}
}
collector::GcType Heap::CollectGarbageInternal(collector::GcType gc_type, GcCause gc_cause,
bool clear_soft_references) {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
Runtime* runtime = Runtime::Current();
// If the heap can't run the GC, silently fail and return that no GC was run.
switch (gc_type) {
case collector::kGcTypePartial: {
if (!have_zygote_space_) {
return collector::kGcTypeNone;
}
break;
}
default: {
// Other GC types don't have any special cases which makes them not runnable. The main case
// here is full GC.
}
}
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingPerformingGc);
Locks::mutator_lock_->AssertNotHeld(self);
if (self->IsHandlingStackOverflow()) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Performing GC on a thread that is handling a stack overflow.";
}
bool compacting_gc;
{
gc_complete_lock_->AssertNotHeld(self);
ScopedThreadStateChange tsc(self, kWaitingForGcToComplete);
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
// Ensure there is only one GC at a time.
WaitForGcToCompleteLocked(gc_cause, self);
compacting_gc = IsMovingGc(collector_type_);
// GC can be disabled if someone has a used GetPrimitiveArrayCritical.
if (compacting_gc && disable_moving_gc_count_ != 0) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Skipping GC due to disable moving GC count " << disable_moving_gc_count_;
return collector::kGcTypeNone;
}
collector_type_running_ = collector_type_;
}
if (gc_cause == kGcCauseForAlloc && runtime->HasStatsEnabled()) {
++runtime->GetStats()->gc_for_alloc_count;
++self->GetStats()->gc_for_alloc_count;
}
uint64_t gc_start_time_ns = NanoTime();
uint64_t gc_start_size = GetBytesAllocated();
// Approximate allocation rate in bytes / second.
uint64_t ms_delta = NsToMs(gc_start_time_ns - last_gc_time_ns_);
// Back to back GCs can cause 0 ms of wait time in between GC invocations.
if (LIKELY(ms_delta != 0)) {
allocation_rate_ = ((gc_start_size - last_gc_size_) * 1000) / ms_delta;
ATRACE_INT("Allocation rate KB/s", allocation_rate_ / KB);
VLOG(heap) << "Allocation rate: " << PrettySize(allocation_rate_) << "/s";
}
DCHECK_LT(gc_type, collector::kGcTypeMax);
DCHECK_NE(gc_type, collector::kGcTypeNone);
collector::GarbageCollector* collector = nullptr;
// TODO: Clean this up.
if (compacting_gc) {
DCHECK(current_allocator_ == kAllocatorTypeBumpPointer ||
current_allocator_ == kAllocatorTypeTLAB);
switch (collector_type_) {
case kCollectorTypeSS:
// Fall-through.
case kCollectorTypeGSS:
semi_space_collector_->SetFromSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
semi_space_collector_->SetToSpace(temp_space_);
semi_space_collector_->SetSwapSemiSpaces(true);
collector = semi_space_collector_;
break;
case kCollectorTypeCC:
collector = concurrent_copying_collector_;
break;
case kCollectorTypeMC:
mark_compact_collector_->SetSpace(bump_pointer_space_);
collector = mark_compact_collector_;
break;
default:
LOG(FATAL) << "Invalid collector type " << static_cast<size_t>(collector_type_);
}
if (collector != mark_compact_collector_) {
temp_space_->GetMemMap()->Protect(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);
CHECK(temp_space_->IsEmpty());
}
gc_type = collector::kGcTypeFull; // TODO: Not hard code this in.
} else if (current_allocator_ == kAllocatorTypeRosAlloc ||
current_allocator_ == kAllocatorTypeDlMalloc) {
collector = FindCollectorByGcType(gc_type);
} else {
LOG(FATAL) << "Invalid current allocator " << current_allocator_;
}
CHECK(collector != nullptr)
<< "Could not find garbage collector with collector_type="
<< static_cast<size_t>(collector_type_) << " and gc_type=" << gc_type;
collector->Run(gc_cause, clear_soft_references || runtime->IsZygote());
total_objects_freed_ever_ += GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetFreedObjects();
total_bytes_freed_ever_ += GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetFreedBytes();
RequestHeapTrim();
// Enqueue cleared references.
reference_processor_.EnqueueClearedReferences(self);
// Grow the heap so that we know when to perform the next GC.
GrowForUtilization(collector);
const size_t duration = GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetDurationNs();
const std::vector<uint64_t>& pause_times = GetCurrentGcIteration()->GetPauseTimes();
// Print the GC if it is an explicit GC (e.g. Runtime.gc()) or a slow GC
// (mutator time blocked >= long_pause_log_threshold_).
bool log_gc = gc_cause == kGcCauseExplicit;
if (!log_gc && CareAboutPauseTimes()) {
// GC for alloc pauses the allocating thread, so consider it as a pause.
log_gc = duration > long_gc_log_threshold_ ||
(gc_cause == kGcCauseForAlloc && duration > long_pause_log_threshold_);
for (uint64_t pause : pause_times) {
log_gc = log_gc || pause >= long_pause_log_threshold_;
}
}
if (log_gc) {
const size_t percent_free = GetPercentFree();
const size_t current_heap_size = GetBytesAllocated();
const size_t total_memory = GetTotalMemory();
std::ostringstream pause_string;
for (size_t i = 0; i < pause_times.size(); ++i) {
pause_string << PrettyDuration((pause_times[i] / 1000) * 1000)
<< ((i != pause_times.size() - 1) ? "," : "");
}
LOG(INFO) << gc_cause << " " << collector->GetName()
<< " GC freed " << current_gc_iteration_.GetFreedObjects() << "("
<< PrettySize(current_gc_iteration_.GetFreedBytes()) << ") AllocSpace objects, "
<< current_gc_iteration_.GetFreedLargeObjects() << "("
<< PrettySize(current_gc_iteration_.GetFreedLargeObjectBytes()) << ") LOS objects, "
<< percent_free << "% free, " << PrettySize(current_heap_size) << "/"
<< PrettySize(total_memory) << ", " << "paused " << pause_string.str()
<< " total " << PrettyDuration((duration / 1000) * 1000);
VLOG(heap) << ConstDumpable<TimingLogger>(*current_gc_iteration_.GetTimings());
}
FinishGC(self, gc_type);
// Inform DDMS that a GC completed.
Dbg::GcDidFinish();
return gc_type;
}
void Heap::FinishGC(Thread* self, collector::GcType gc_type) {
MutexLock mu(self, *gc_complete_lock_);
collector_type_running_ = kCollectorTypeNone;
if (gc_type != collector::kGcTypeNone) {
last_gc_type_ = gc_type;
}
// Wake anyone who may have been waiting for the GC to complete.
gc_complete_cond_->Broadcast(self);
}
static void RootMatchesObjectVisitor(mirror::Object** root, void* arg, uint32_t /*thread_id*/,
RootType /*root_type*/) {
mirror::Object* obj = reinterpret_cast<mirror::Object*>(arg);
if (*root == obj) {
LOG(INFO) << "Object " << obj << " is a root";
}
}
class ScanVisitor {
public:
void operator()(const mirror::Object* obj) const {
LOG(ERROR) << "Would have rescanned object " << obj;
}
};
// Verify a reference from an object.
class VerifyReferenceVisitor {
public:
explicit VerifyReferenceVisitor(Heap* heap, Atomic<size_t>* fail_count, bool verify_referent)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_)
: heap_(heap), fail_count_(fail_count), verify_referent_(verify_referent) {}
size_t GetFailureCount() const {
return fail_count_->LoadSequentiallyConsistent();
}
void operator()(mirror::Class* klass, mirror::Reference* ref) const
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_) {
if (verify_referent_) {
VerifyReference(ref, ref->GetReferent(), mirror::Reference::ReferentOffset());
}
}
void operator()(mirror::Object* obj, MemberOffset offset, bool /*is_static*/) const
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_) {
VerifyReference(obj, obj->GetFieldObject<mirror::Object>(offset), offset);
}
bool IsLive(mirror::Object* obj) const NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS {
return heap_->IsLiveObjectLocked(obj, true, false, true);
}
static void VerifyRootCallback(mirror::Object** root, void* arg, uint32_t thread_id,
RootType root_type) SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_) {
VerifyReferenceVisitor* visitor = reinterpret_cast<VerifyReferenceVisitor*>(arg);
if (!visitor->VerifyReference(nullptr, *root, MemberOffset(0))) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Root " << *root << " is dead with type " << PrettyTypeOf(*root)
<< " thread_id= " << thread_id << " root_type= " << root_type;
}
}
private:
// TODO: Fix the no thread safety analysis.
// Returns false on failure.
bool VerifyReference(mirror::Object* obj, mirror::Object* ref, MemberOffset offset) const
NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS {
if (ref == nullptr || IsLive(ref)) {
// Verify that the reference is live.
return true;
}
if (fail_count_->FetchAndAddSequentiallyConsistent(1) == 0) {
// Print message on only on first failure to prevent spam.
LOG(ERROR) << "!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Heap corruption detected!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!";
}
if (obj != nullptr) {
// Only do this part for non roots.
accounting::CardTable* card_table = heap_->GetCardTable();
accounting::ObjectStack* alloc_stack = heap_->allocation_stack_.get();
accounting::ObjectStack* live_stack = heap_->live_stack_.get();
byte* card_addr = card_table->CardFromAddr(obj);
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " references dead object " << ref << " at offset "
<< offset << "\n card value = " << static_cast<int>(*card_addr);
if (heap_->IsValidObjectAddress(obj->GetClass())) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Obj type " << PrettyTypeOf(obj);
} else {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " class(" << obj->GetClass() << ") not a heap address";
}
// Attempt to find the class inside of the recently freed objects.
space::ContinuousSpace* ref_space = heap_->FindContinuousSpaceFromObject(ref, true);
if (ref_space != nullptr && ref_space->IsMallocSpace()) {
space::MallocSpace* space = ref_space->AsMallocSpace();
mirror::Class* ref_class = space->FindRecentFreedObject(ref);
if (ref_class != nullptr) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Reference " << ref << " found as a recently freed object with class "
<< PrettyClass(ref_class);
} else {
LOG(ERROR) << "Reference " << ref << " not found as a recently freed object";
}
}
if (ref->GetClass() != nullptr && heap_->IsValidObjectAddress(ref->GetClass()) &&
ref->GetClass()->IsClass()) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Ref type " << PrettyTypeOf(ref);
} else {
LOG(ERROR) << "Ref " << ref << " class(" << ref->GetClass()
<< ") is not a valid heap address";
}
card_table->CheckAddrIsInCardTable(reinterpret_cast<const byte*>(obj));
void* cover_begin = card_table->AddrFromCard(card_addr);
void* cover_end = reinterpret_cast<void*>(reinterpret_cast<size_t>(cover_begin) +
accounting::CardTable::kCardSize);
LOG(ERROR) << "Card " << reinterpret_cast<void*>(card_addr) << " covers " << cover_begin
<< "-" << cover_end;
accounting::ContinuousSpaceBitmap* bitmap =
heap_->GetLiveBitmap()->GetContinuousSpaceBitmap(obj);
if (bitmap == nullptr) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " has no bitmap";
if (!VerifyClassClass(obj->GetClass())) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " failed class verification!";
}
} else {
// Print out how the object is live.
if (bitmap->Test(obj)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " found in live bitmap";
}
if (alloc_stack->Contains(const_cast<mirror::Object*>(obj))) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " found in allocation stack";
}
if (live_stack->Contains(const_cast<mirror::Object*>(obj))) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Object " << obj << " found in live stack";
}
if (alloc_stack->Contains(const_cast<mirror::Object*>(ref))) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Ref " << ref << " found in allocation stack";
}
if (live_stack->Contains(const_cast<mirror::Object*>(ref))) {
LOG(ERROR) << "Ref " << ref << " found in live stack";
}
// Attempt to see if the card table missed the reference.
ScanVisitor scan_visitor;
byte* byte_cover_begin = reinterpret_cast<byte*>(card_table->AddrFromCard(card_addr));
card_table->Scan(bitmap, byte_cover_begin,
byte_cover_begin + accounting::CardTable::kCardSize, scan_visitor);
}
// Search to see if any of the roots reference our object.
void* arg = const_cast<void*>(reinterpret_cast<const void*>(obj));
Runtime::Current()->VisitRoots(&RootMatchesObjectVisitor, arg);
// Search to see if any of the roots reference our reference.
arg = const_cast<void*>(reinterpret_cast<const void*>(ref));
Runtime::Current()->VisitRoots(&RootMatchesObjectVisitor, arg);
}
return false;
}
Heap* const heap_;
Atomic<size_t>* const fail_count_;
const bool verify_referent_;
};
// Verify all references within an object, for use with HeapBitmap::Visit.
class VerifyObjectVisitor {
public:
explicit VerifyObjectVisitor(Heap* heap, Atomic<size_t>* fail_count, bool verify_referent)
: heap_(heap), fail_count_(fail_count), verify_referent_(verify_referent) {
}
void operator()(mirror::Object* obj) const
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_) {
// Note: we are verifying the references in obj but not obj itself, this is because obj must
// be live or else how did we find it in the live bitmap?
VerifyReferenceVisitor visitor(heap_, fail_count_, verify_referent_);
// The class doesn't count as a reference but we should verify it anyways.
obj->VisitReferences<true>(visitor, visitor);
}
static void VisitCallback(mirror::Object* obj, void* arg)
SHARED_LOCKS_REQUIRED(Locks::mutator_lock_, Locks::heap_bitmap_lock_) {
VerifyObjectVisitor* visitor = reinterpret_cast<VerifyObjectVisitor*>(arg);
visitor->operator()(obj);
}
size_t GetFailureCount() const {
return fail_count_->LoadSequentiallyConsistent();
}
private:
Heap* const heap_;
Atomic<size_t>* const fail_count_;
const bool verify_referent_;
};
void Heap::PushOnAllocationStackWithInternalGC(Thread* self, mirror::Object** obj) {
// Slow path, the allocation stack push back must have already failed.
DCHECK(!allocation_stack_->AtomicPushBack(*obj));
do {
// TODO: Add handle VerifyObject.
StackHandleScope<1> hs(self);
HandleWrapper<mirror::Object> wrapper(hs.NewHandleWrapper(obj));
// Push our object into the reserve region of the allocaiton stack. This is only required due
// to heap verification requiring that roots are live (either in the live bitmap or in the
// allocation stack).
CHECK(allocation_stack_->AtomicPushBackIgnoreGrowthLimit(*obj));
CollectGarbageInternal(collector::kGcTypeSticky, kGcCauseForAlloc, false);
} while (!allocation_stack_->AtomicPushBack(*obj));
}
void Heap::PushOnThreadLocalAllocationStackWithInternalGC(Thread* self, mirror::Object** obj) {
// Slow path, the allocation stack push back must have already failed.
DCHECK(!self->PushOnThreadLocalAllocationStack(*obj));
mirror::Object** start_address;
mirror::Object** end_address;
while (!allocation_stack_->AtomicBumpBack(kThreadLocalAllocationStackSize, &start_address,
&end_address)) {
// TODO: Add handle VerifyObject.
StackHandleScope<1> hs(self);
HandleWrapper<mirror::Object> wrapper(hs.NewHandleWrapper(obj));
// Push our object into the reserve region of the allocaiton stack. This is only required due
// to heap verification requiring that roots are live (either in the live bitmap or in the
// allocation stack).
CHECK(allocation_stack_->AtomicPushBackIgnoreGrowthLimit(*obj));
// Push into the reserve allocation stack.
CollectGarbageInternal(collector::kGcTypeSticky, kGcCauseForAlloc, false);
}
self->SetThreadLocalAllocationStack(start_address, end_address);
// Retry on the new thread-local allocation stack.
CHECK(self->PushOnThreadLocalAllocationStack(*obj)); // Must succeed.
}
// Must do this with mutators suspended since we are directly accessing the allocation stacks.
size_t Heap::VerifyHeapReferences(bool verify_referents) {
Thread* self = Thread::Current();
Locks::mutator_lock_->AssertExclusiveHeld(self);
// Lets sort our allocation stacks so that we can efficiently binary search them.
allocation_stack_->Sort();
live_stack_->Sort();
// Since we sorted the allocation stack content, need to revoke all
// thread-local allocation stacks.
RevokeAllThreadLocalAllocationStacks(self);
Atomic<size_t> fail_count_(0);
VerifyObjectVisitor visitor(this, &fail_count_, verify_referents);
// Verify objects in the allocation stack since these will be objects which were:
// 1. Allocated prior to the GC (pre GC verification).