blob: ecbfd50df3478f7c8a86fb22ce29a702869904fe [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/mm/swap.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* This file contains the default values for the operation of the
* Linux VM subsystem. Fine-tuning documentation can be found in
* Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt.
* Started 18.12.91
* Swap aging added 23.2.95, Stephen Tweedie.
* Buffermem limits added 12.3.98, Rik van Riel.
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/page_idle.h>
#include "internal.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/pagemap.h>
/* How many pages do we try to swap or page in/out together? */
int page_cluster;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pagevec, lru_add_pvec);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pagevec, lru_rotate_pvecs);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pagevec, lru_deactivate_file_pvecs);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pagevec, lru_deactivate_pvecs);
/*
* This path almost never happens for VM activity - pages are normally
* freed via pagevecs. But it gets used by networking.
*/
static void __page_cache_release(struct page *page)
{
if (PageLRU(page)) {
struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
struct lruvec *lruvec;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
__ClearPageLRU(page);
del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
}
mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
}
static void __put_single_page(struct page *page)
{
__page_cache_release(page);
free_hot_cold_page(page, false);
}
static void __put_compound_page(struct page *page)
{
compound_page_dtor *dtor;
/*
* __page_cache_release() is supposed to be called for thp, not for
* hugetlb. This is because hugetlb page does never have PageLRU set
* (it's never listed to any LRU lists) and no memcg routines should
* be called for hugetlb (it has a separate hugetlb_cgroup.)
*/
if (!PageHuge(page))
__page_cache_release(page);
dtor = get_compound_page_dtor(page);
(*dtor)(page);
}
/**
* Two special cases here: we could avoid taking compound_lock_irqsave
* and could skip the tail refcounting(in _mapcount).
*
* 1. Hugetlbfs page:
*
* PageHeadHuge will remain true until the compound page
* is released and enters the buddy allocator, and it could
* not be split by __split_huge_page_refcount().
*
* So if we see PageHeadHuge set, and we have the tail page pin,
* then we could safely put head page.
*
* 2. Slab THP page:
*
* PG_slab is cleared before the slab frees the head page, and
* tail pin cannot be the last reference left on the head page,
* because the slab code is free to reuse the compound page
* after a kfree/kmem_cache_free without having to check if
* there's any tail pin left. In turn all tail pinsmust be always
* released while the head is still pinned by the slab code
* and so we know PG_slab will be still set too.
*
* So if we see PageSlab set, and we have the tail page pin,
* then we could safely put head page.
*/
static __always_inline
void put_unrefcounted_compound_page(struct page *page_head, struct page *page)
{
/*
* If @page is a THP tail, we must read the tail page
* flags after the head page flags. The
* __split_huge_page_refcount side enforces write memory barriers
* between clearing PageTail and before the head page
* can be freed and reallocated.
*/
smp_rmb();
if (likely(PageTail(page))) {
/*
* __split_huge_page_refcount cannot race
* here, see the comment above this function.
*/
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page_head), page_head);
if (put_page_testzero(page_head)) {
/*
* If this is the tail of a slab THP page,
* the tail pin must not be the last reference
* held on the page, because the PG_slab cannot
* be cleared before all tail pins (which skips
* the _mapcount tail refcounting) have been
* released.
*
* If this is the tail of a hugetlbfs page,
* the tail pin may be the last reference on
* the page instead, because PageHeadHuge will
* not go away until the compound page enters
* the buddy allocator.
*/
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageSlab(page_head), page_head);
__put_compound_page(page_head);
}
} else
/*
* __split_huge_page_refcount run before us,
* @page was a THP tail. The split @page_head
* has been freed and reallocated as slab or
* hugetlbfs page of smaller order (only
* possible if reallocated as slab on x86).
*/
if (put_page_testzero(page))
__put_single_page(page);
}
static __always_inline
void put_refcounted_compound_page(struct page *page_head, struct page *page)
{
if (likely(page != page_head && get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
unsigned long flags;
/*
* @page_head wasn't a dangling pointer but it may not
* be a head page anymore by the time we obtain the
* lock. That is ok as long as it can't be freed from
* under us.
*/
flags = compound_lock_irqsave(page_head);
if (unlikely(!PageTail(page))) {
/* __split_huge_page_refcount run before us */
compound_unlock_irqrestore(page_head, flags);
if (put_page_testzero(page_head)) {
/*
* The @page_head may have been freed
* and reallocated as a compound page
* of smaller order and then freed
* again. All we know is that it
* cannot have become: a THP page, a
* compound page of higher order, a
* tail page. That is because we
* still hold the refcount of the
* split THP tail and page_head was
* the THP head before the split.
*/
if (PageHead(page_head))
__put_compound_page(page_head);
else
__put_single_page(page_head);
}
out_put_single:
if (put_page_testzero(page))
__put_single_page(page);
return;
}
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_head != compound_head(page), page);
/*
* We can release the refcount taken by
* get_page_unless_zero() now that
* __split_huge_page_refcount() is blocked on the
* compound_lock.
*/
if (put_page_testzero(page_head))
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(1, page_head);
/* __split_huge_page_refcount will wait now */
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) <= 0, page);
atomic_dec(&page->_mapcount);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(atomic_read(&page_head->_count) <= 0, page_head);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(atomic_read(&page->_count) != 0, page);
compound_unlock_irqrestore(page_head, flags);
if (put_page_testzero(page_head)) {
if (PageHead(page_head))
__put_compound_page(page_head);
else
__put_single_page(page_head);
}
} else {
/* @page_head is a dangling pointer */
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
goto out_put_single;
}
}
static void put_compound_page(struct page *page)
{
struct page *page_head;
/*
* We see the PageCompound set and PageTail not set, so @page maybe:
* 1. hugetlbfs head page, or
* 2. THP head page.
*/
if (likely(!PageTail(page))) {
if (put_page_testzero(page)) {
/*
* By the time all refcounts have been released
* split_huge_page cannot run anymore from under us.
*/
if (PageHead(page))
__put_compound_page(page);
else
__put_single_page(page);
}
return;
}
/*
* We see the PageCompound set and PageTail set, so @page maybe:
* 1. a tail hugetlbfs page, or
* 2. a tail THP page, or
* 3. a split THP page.
*
* Case 3 is possible, as we may race with
* __split_huge_page_refcount tearing down a THP page.
*/
page_head = compound_head(page);
if (!__compound_tail_refcounted(page_head))
put_unrefcounted_compound_page(page_head, page);
else
put_refcounted_compound_page(page_head, page);
}
void put_page(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(PageCompound(page)))
put_compound_page(page);
else if (put_page_testzero(page))
__put_single_page(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_page);
/*
* This function is exported but must not be called by anything other
* than get_page(). It implements the slow path of get_page().
*/
bool __get_page_tail(struct page *page)
{
/*
* This takes care of get_page() if run on a tail page
* returned by one of the get_user_pages/follow_page variants.
* get_user_pages/follow_page itself doesn't need the compound
* lock because it runs __get_page_tail_foll() under the
* proper PT lock that already serializes against
* split_huge_page().
*/
unsigned long flags;
bool got;
struct page *page_head = compound_head(page);
/* Ref to put_compound_page() comment. */
if (!__compound_tail_refcounted(page_head)) {
smp_rmb();
if (likely(PageTail(page))) {
/*
* This is a hugetlbfs page or a slab
* page. __split_huge_page_refcount
* cannot race here.
*/
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page_head), page_head);
__get_page_tail_foll(page, true);
return true;
} else {
/*
* __split_huge_page_refcount run
* before us, "page" was a THP
* tail. The split page_head has been
* freed and reallocated as slab or
* hugetlbfs page of smaller order
* (only possible if reallocated as
* slab on x86).
*/
return false;
}
}
got = false;
if (likely(page != page_head && get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
/*
* page_head wasn't a dangling pointer but it
* may not be a head page anymore by the time
* we obtain the lock. That is ok as long as it
* can't be freed from under us.
*/
flags = compound_lock_irqsave(page_head);
/* here __split_huge_page_refcount won't run anymore */
if (likely(PageTail(page))) {
__get_page_tail_foll(page, false);
got = true;
}
compound_unlock_irqrestore(page_head, flags);
if (unlikely(!got))
put_page(page_head);
}
return got;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_page_tail);
/**
* put_pages_list() - release a list of pages
* @pages: list of pages threaded on page->lru
*
* Release a list of pages which are strung together on page.lru. Currently
* used by read_cache_pages() and related error recovery code.
*/
void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages)
{
while (!list_empty(pages)) {
struct page *victim;
victim = list_entry(pages->prev, struct page, lru);
list_del(&victim->lru);
page_cache_release(victim);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_pages_list);
/*
* get_kernel_pages() - pin kernel pages in memory
* @kiov: An array of struct kvec structures
* @nr_segs: number of segments to pin
* @write: pinning for read/write, currently ignored
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_segs long.
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
* with a put_page() call when it is finished with.
*/
int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *kiov, int nr_segs, int write,
struct page **pages)
{
int seg;
for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) {
if (WARN_ON(kiov[seg].iov_len != PAGE_SIZE))
return seg;
pages[seg] = kmap_to_page(kiov[seg].iov_base);
page_cache_get(pages[seg]);
}
return seg;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_kernel_pages);
/*
* get_kernel_page() - pin a kernel page in memory
* @start: starting kernel address
* @write: pinning for read/write, currently ignored
* @pages: array that receives pointer to the page pinned.
* Must be at least nr_segs long.
*
* Returns 1 if page is pinned. If the page was not pinned, returns
* -errno. The page returned must be released with a put_page() call
* when it is finished with.
*/
int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages)
{
const struct kvec kiov = {
.iov_base = (void *)start,
.iov_len = PAGE_SIZE
};
return get_kernel_pages(&kiov, 1, write, pages);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_kernel_page);
static void pagevec_lru_move_fn(struct pagevec *pvec,
void (*move_fn)(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg),
void *arg)
{
int i;
struct zone *zone = NULL;
struct lruvec *lruvec;
unsigned long flags = 0;
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec->pages[i];
struct zone *pagezone = page_zone(page);
if (pagezone != zone) {
if (zone)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
zone = pagezone;
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
}
lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);
(*move_fn)(page, lruvec, arg);
}
if (zone)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
release_pages(pvec->pages, pvec->nr, pvec->cold);
pagevec_reinit(pvec);
}
static void pagevec_move_tail_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
int *pgmoved = arg;
if (PageLRU(page) && !PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
enum lru_list lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
list_move_tail(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]);
(*pgmoved)++;
}
}
/*
* pagevec_move_tail() must be called with IRQ disabled.
* Otherwise this may cause nasty races.
*/
static void pagevec_move_tail(struct pagevec *pvec)
{
int pgmoved = 0;
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, pagevec_move_tail_fn, &pgmoved);
__count_vm_events(PGROTATED, pgmoved);
}
/*
* Writeback is about to end against a page which has been marked for immediate
* reclaim. If it still appears to be reclaimable, move it to the tail of the
* inactive list.
*/
void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page)
{
if (!PageLocked(page) && !PageDirty(page) && !PageActive(page) &&
!PageUnevictable(page) && PageLRU(page)) {
struct pagevec *pvec;
unsigned long flags;
page_cache_get(page);
local_irq_save(flags);
pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_rotate_pvecs);
if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page))
pagevec_move_tail(pvec);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
}
static void update_page_reclaim_stat(struct lruvec *lruvec,
int file, int rotated)
{
struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = &lruvec->reclaim_stat;
reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[file]++;
if (rotated)
reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[file]++;
}
static void __activate_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
if (PageLRU(page) && !PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
int file = page_is_file_cache(page);
int lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
SetPageActive(page);
lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
trace_mm_lru_activate(page);
__count_vm_event(PGACTIVATE);
update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, 1);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pagevec, activate_page_pvecs);
static void activate_page_drain(int cpu)
{
struct pagevec *pvec = &per_cpu(activate_page_pvecs, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(pvec))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __activate_page, NULL);
}
static bool need_activate_page_drain(int cpu)
{
return pagevec_count(&per_cpu(activate_page_pvecs, cpu)) != 0;
}
void activate_page(struct page *page)
{
if (PageLRU(page) && !PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(activate_page_pvecs);
page_cache_get(page);
if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __activate_page, NULL);
put_cpu_var(activate_page_pvecs);
}
}
#else
static inline void activate_page_drain(int cpu)
{
}
static bool need_activate_page_drain(int cpu)
{
return false;
}
void activate_page(struct page *page)
{
struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
__activate_page(page, mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone), NULL);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
#endif
static void __lru_cache_activate_page(struct page *page)
{
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(lru_add_pvec);
int i;
/*
* Search backwards on the optimistic assumption that the page being
* activated has just been added to this pagevec. Note that only
* the local pagevec is examined as a !PageLRU page could be in the
* process of being released, reclaimed, migrated or on a remote
* pagevec that is currently being drained. Furthermore, marking
* a remote pagevec's page PageActive potentially hits a race where
* a page is marked PageActive just after it is added to the inactive
* list causing accounting errors and BUG_ON checks to trigger.
*/
for (i = pagevec_count(pvec) - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
struct page *pagevec_page = pvec->pages[i];
if (pagevec_page == page) {
SetPageActive(page);
break;
}
}
put_cpu_var(lru_add_pvec);
}
/*
* Mark a page as having seen activity.
*
* inactive,unreferenced -> inactive,referenced
* inactive,referenced -> active,unreferenced
* active,unreferenced -> active,referenced
*
* When a newly allocated page is not yet visible, so safe for non-atomic ops,
* __SetPageReferenced(page) may be substituted for mark_page_accessed(page).
*/
void mark_page_accessed(struct page *page)
{
if (!PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page) &&
PageReferenced(page)) {
/*
* If the page is on the LRU, queue it for activation via
* activate_page_pvecs. Otherwise, assume the page is on a
* pagevec, mark it active and it'll be moved to the active
* LRU on the next drain.
*/
if (PageLRU(page))
activate_page(page);
else
__lru_cache_activate_page(page);
ClearPageReferenced(page);
if (page_is_file_cache(page))
workingset_activation(page);
} else if (!PageReferenced(page)) {
SetPageReferenced(page);
}
if (page_is_idle(page))
clear_page_idle(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_page_accessed);
static void __lru_cache_add(struct page *page)
{
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(lru_add_pvec);
page_cache_get(page);
if (!pagevec_space(pvec))
__pagevec_lru_add(pvec);
pagevec_add(pvec, page);
put_cpu_var(lru_add_pvec);
}
/**
* lru_cache_add: add a page to the page lists
* @page: the page to add
*/
void lru_cache_add_anon(struct page *page)
{
if (PageActive(page))
ClearPageActive(page);
__lru_cache_add(page);
}
void lru_cache_add_file(struct page *page)
{
if (PageActive(page))
ClearPageActive(page);
__lru_cache_add(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(lru_cache_add_file);
/**
* lru_cache_add - add a page to a page list
* @page: the page to be added to the LRU.
*
* Queue the page for addition to the LRU via pagevec. The decision on whether
* to add the page to the [in]active [file|anon] list is deferred until the
* pagevec is drained. This gives a chance for the caller of lru_cache_add()
* have the page added to the active list using mark_page_accessed().
*/
void lru_cache_add(struct page *page)
{
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page) && PageUnevictable(page), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);
__lru_cache_add(page);
}
/**
* add_page_to_unevictable_list - add a page to the unevictable list
* @page: the page to be added to the unevictable list
*
* Add page directly to its zone's unevictable list. To avoid races with
* tasks that might be making the page evictable, through eg. munlock,
* munmap or exit, while it's not on the lru, we want to add the page
* while it's locked or otherwise "invisible" to other tasks. This is
* difficult to do when using the pagevec cache, so bypass that.
*/
void add_page_to_unevictable_list(struct page *page)
{
struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
struct lruvec *lruvec;
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);
ClearPageActive(page);
SetPageUnevictable(page);
SetPageLRU(page);
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, LRU_UNEVICTABLE);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
/**
* lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable
* @page: the page to be added to LRU
* @vma: vma in which page is mapped for determining reclaimability
*
* Place @page on the active or unevictable LRU list, depending on its
* evictability. Note that if the page is not evictable, it goes
* directly back onto it's zone's unevictable list, it does NOT use a
* per cpu pagevec.
*/
void lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);
if (likely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED | VM_SPECIAL)) != VM_LOCKED)) {
SetPageActive(page);
lru_cache_add(page);
return;
}
if (!TestSetPageMlocked(page)) {
/*
* We use the irq-unsafe __mod_zone_page_stat because this
* counter is not modified from interrupt context, and the pte
* lock is held(spinlock), which implies preemption disabled.
*/
__mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK,
hpage_nr_pages(page));
count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGMLOCKED);
}
add_page_to_unevictable_list(page);
}
/*
* If the page can not be invalidated, it is moved to the
* inactive list to speed up its reclaim. It is moved to the
* head of the list, rather than the tail, to give the flusher
* threads some time to write it out, as this is much more
* effective than the single-page writeout from reclaim.
*
* If the page isn't page_mapped and dirty/writeback, the page
* could reclaim asap using PG_reclaim.
*
* 1. active, mapped page -> none
* 2. active, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
* 3. inactive, mapped page -> none
* 4. inactive, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
* 5. inactive, clean -> inactive, tail
* 6. Others -> none
*
* In 4, why it moves inactive's head, the VM expects the page would
* be write it out by flusher threads as this is much more effective
* than the single-page writeout from reclaim.
*/
static void lru_deactivate_file_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
int lru, file;
bool active;
if (!PageLRU(page))
return;
if (PageUnevictable(page))
return;
/* Some processes are using the page */
if (page_mapped(page))
return;
active = PageActive(page);
file = page_is_file_cache(page);
lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru + active);
ClearPageActive(page);
ClearPageReferenced(page);
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
if (PageWriteback(page) || PageDirty(page)) {
/*
* PG_reclaim could be raced with end_page_writeback
* It can make readahead confusing. But race window
* is _really_ small and it's non-critical problem.
*/
SetPageReclaim(page);
} else {
/*
* The page's writeback ends up during pagevec
* We moves tha page into tail of inactive.
*/
list_move_tail(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]);
__count_vm_event(PGROTATED);
}
if (active)
__count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, 0);
}
static void lru_deactivate_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
if (PageLRU(page) && PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
int file = page_is_file_cache(page);
int lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru + LRU_ACTIVE);
ClearPageActive(page);
ClearPageReferenced(page);
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
__count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, 0);
}
}
/*
* Drain pages out of the cpu's pagevecs.
* Either "cpu" is the current CPU, and preemption has already been
* disabled; or "cpu" is being hot-unplugged, and is already dead.
*/
void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct pagevec *pvec = &per_cpu(lru_add_pvec, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(pvec))
__pagevec_lru_add(pvec);
pvec = &per_cpu(lru_rotate_pvecs, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(pvec)) {
unsigned long flags;
/* No harm done if a racing interrupt already did this */
local_irq_save(flags);
pagevec_move_tail(pvec);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
pvec = &per_cpu(lru_deactivate_file_pvecs, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(pvec))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_file_fn, NULL);
pvec = &per_cpu(lru_deactivate_pvecs, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(pvec))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_fn, NULL);
activate_page_drain(cpu);
}
/**
* deactivate_file_page - forcefully deactivate a file page
* @page: page to deactivate
*
* This function hints the VM that @page is a good reclaim candidate,
* for example if its invalidation fails due to the page being dirty
* or under writeback.
*/
void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page)
{
/*
* In a workload with many unevictable page such as mprotect,
* unevictable page deactivation for accelerating reclaim is pointless.
*/
if (PageUnevictable(page))
return;
if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(lru_deactivate_file_pvecs);
if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_file_fn, NULL);
put_cpu_var(lru_deactivate_file_pvecs);
}
}
/**
* deactivate_page - deactivate a page
* @page: page to deactivate
*
* deactivate_page() moves @page to the inactive list if @page was on the active
* list and was not an unevictable page. This is done to accelerate the reclaim
* of @page.
*/
void deactivate_page(struct page *page)
{
if (PageLRU(page) && PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(lru_deactivate_pvecs);
page_cache_get(page);
if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page))
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_fn, NULL);
put_cpu_var(lru_deactivate_pvecs);
}
}
void lru_add_drain(void)
{
lru_add_drain_cpu(get_cpu());
put_cpu();
}
static void lru_add_drain_per_cpu(struct work_struct *dummy)
{
lru_add_drain();
}
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct work_struct, lru_add_drain_work);
void lru_add_drain_all(void)
{
static DEFINE_MUTEX(lock);
static struct cpumask has_work;
int cpu;
mutex_lock(&lock);
get_online_cpus();
cpumask_clear(&has_work);
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
struct work_struct *work = &per_cpu(lru_add_drain_work, cpu);
if (pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_add_pvec, cpu)) ||
pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_rotate_pvecs, cpu)) ||
pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_deactivate_file_pvecs, cpu)) ||
pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_deactivate_pvecs, cpu)) ||
need_activate_page_drain(cpu)) {
INIT_WORK(work, lru_add_drain_per_cpu);
schedule_work_on(cpu, work);
cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &has_work);
}
}
for_each_cpu(cpu, &has_work)
flush_work(&per_cpu(lru_add_drain_work, cpu));
put_online_cpus();
mutex_unlock(&lock);
}
/**
* release_pages - batched page_cache_release()
* @pages: array of pages to release
* @nr: number of pages
* @cold: whether the pages are cache cold
*
* Decrement the reference count on all the pages in @pages. If it
* fell to zero, remove the page from the LRU and free it.
*/
void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr, bool cold)
{
int i;
LIST_HEAD(pages_to_free);
struct zone *zone = NULL;
struct lruvec *lruvec;
unsigned long uninitialized_var(flags);
unsigned int uninitialized_var(lock_batch);
for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
struct page *page = pages[i];
if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) {
if (zone) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
zone = NULL;
}
put_compound_page(page);
continue;
}
/*
* Make sure the IRQ-safe lock-holding time does not get
* excessive with a continuous string of pages from the
* same zone. The lock is held only if zone != NULL.
*/
if (zone && ++lock_batch == SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
zone = NULL;
}
if (!put_page_testzero(page))
continue;
if (PageLRU(page)) {
struct zone *pagezone = page_zone(page);
if (pagezone != zone) {
if (zone)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock,
flags);
lock_batch = 0;
zone = pagezone;
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
}
lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
__ClearPageLRU(page);
del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
}
/* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
__ClearPageActive(page);
list_add(&page->lru, &pages_to_free);
}
if (zone)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&pages_to_free);
free_hot_cold_page_list(&pages_to_free, cold);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_pages);
/*
* The pages which we're about to release may be in the deferred lru-addition
* queues. That would prevent them from really being freed right now. That's
* OK from a correctness point of view but is inefficient - those pages may be
* cache-warm and we want to give them back to the page allocator ASAP.
*
* So __pagevec_release() will drain those queues here. __pagevec_lru_add()
* and __pagevec_lru_add_active() call release_pages() directly to avoid
* mutual recursion.
*/
void __pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec)
{
lru_add_drain();
release_pages(pvec->pages, pagevec_count(pvec), pvec->cold);
pagevec_reinit(pvec);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__pagevec_release);
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
/* used by __split_huge_page_refcount() */
void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail,
struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *list)
{
const int file = 0;
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(page_tail), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page_tail), page);
VM_BUG_ON(NR_CPUS != 1 &&
!spin_is_locked(&lruvec_zone(lruvec)->lru_lock));
if (!list)
SetPageLRU(page_tail);
if (likely(PageLRU(page)))
list_add_tail(&page_tail->lru, &page->lru);
else if (list) {
/* page reclaim is reclaiming a huge page */
get_page(page_tail);
list_add_tail(&page_tail->lru, list);
} else {
struct list_head *list_head;
/*
* Head page has not yet been counted, as an hpage,
* so we must account for each subpage individually.
*
* Use the standard add function to put page_tail on the list,
* but then correct its position so they all end up in order.
*/
add_page_to_lru_list(page_tail, lruvec, page_lru(page_tail));
list_head = page_tail->lru.prev;
list_move_tail(&page_tail->lru, list_head);
}
if (!PageUnevictable(page))
update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, PageActive(page_tail));
}
#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */
static void __pagevec_lru_add_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
int file = page_is_file_cache(page);
int active = PageActive(page);
enum lru_list lru = page_lru(page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);
SetPageLRU(page);
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, active);
trace_mm_lru_insertion(page, lru);
}
/*
* Add the passed pages to the LRU, then drop the caller's refcount
* on them. Reinitialises the caller's pagevec.
*/
void __pagevec_lru_add(struct pagevec *pvec)
{
pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __pagevec_lru_add_fn, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__pagevec_lru_add);
/**
* pagevec_lookup_entries - gang pagecache lookup
* @pvec: Where the resulting entries are placed
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @start: The starting entry index
* @nr_entries: The maximum number of entries
* @indices: The cache indices corresponding to the entries in @pvec
*
* pagevec_lookup_entries() will search for and return a group of up
* to @nr_entries pages and shadow entries in the mapping. All
* entries are placed in @pvec. pagevec_lookup_entries() takes a
* reference against actual pages in @pvec.
*
* The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous entries with
* ascending indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to
* not-present entries.
*
* pagevec_lookup_entries() returns the number of entries which were
* found.
*/
unsigned pagevec_lookup_entries(struct pagevec *pvec,
struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_pages,
pgoff_t *indices)
{
pvec->nr = find_get_entries(mapping, start, nr_pages,
pvec->pages, indices);
return pagevec_count(pvec);
}
/**
* pagevec_remove_exceptionals - pagevec exceptionals pruning
* @pvec: The pagevec to prune
*
* pagevec_lookup_entries() fills both pages and exceptional radix
* tree entries into the pagevec. This function prunes all
* exceptionals from @pvec without leaving holes, so that it can be
* passed on to page-only pagevec operations.
*/
void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec)
{
int i, j;
for (i = 0, j = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec->pages[i];
if (!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
pvec->pages[j++] = page;
}
pvec->nr = j;
}
/**
* pagevec_lookup - gang pagecache lookup
* @pvec: Where the resulting pages are placed
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @start: The starting page index
* @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages
*
* pagevec_lookup() will search for and return a group of up to @nr_pages pages
* in the mapping. The pages are placed in @pvec. pagevec_lookup() takes a
* reference against the pages in @pvec.
*
* The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending
* indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages.
*
* pagevec_lookup() returns the number of pages which were found.
*/
unsigned pagevec_lookup(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_pages)
{
pvec->nr = find_get_pages(mapping, start, nr_pages, pvec->pages);
return pagevec_count(pvec);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagevec_lookup);
unsigned pagevec_lookup_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t *index, int tag, unsigned nr_pages)
{
pvec->nr = find_get_pages_tag(mapping, index, tag,
nr_pages, pvec->pages);
return pagevec_count(pvec);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagevec_lookup_tag);
/*
* Perform any setup for the swap system
*/
void __init swap_setup(void)
{
unsigned long megs = totalram_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
int i;
for (i = 0; i < MAX_SWAPFILES; i++)
spin_lock_init(&swapper_spaces[i].tree_lock);
#endif
/* Use a smaller cluster for small-memory machines */
if (megs < 16)
page_cluster = 2;
else
page_cluster = 3;
/*
* Right now other parts of the system means that we
* _really_ don't want to cluster much more
*/
}