UPSTREAM: timerfd: Protect the might cancel mechanism proper

(cherry picked from commit 1e38da300e1e395a15048b0af1e5305bd91402f6)

The handling of the might_cancel queueing is not properly protected, so
parallel operations on the file descriptor can race with each other and
lead to list corruptions or use after free.

Protect the context for these operations with a seperate lock.

The wait queue lock cannot be reused for this because that would create a
lock inversion scenario vs. the cancel lock. Replacing might_cancel with an
atomic (atomic_t or atomic bit) does not help either because it still can
race vs. the actual list operation.

Bug: 36266767

Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org"
Cc: syzkaller <syzkaller@googlegroups.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1701311521430.3457@nanos
Change-Id: I122753e0920e51757d3012cd1a133e823719be51
diff --git a/fs/timerfd.c b/fs/timerfd.c
index 0013142..0db5b6c 100644
--- a/fs/timerfd.c
+++ b/fs/timerfd.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
 	int clockid;
 	struct rcu_head rcu;
 	struct list_head clist;
+	spinlock_t cancel_lock;
 	bool might_cancel;
 };
 
@@ -111,7 +112,7 @@
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
-static void timerfd_remove_cancel(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx)
+static void __timerfd_remove_cancel(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx)
 {
 	if (ctx->might_cancel) {
 		ctx->might_cancel = false;
@@ -121,6 +122,13 @@
 	}
 }
 
+static void timerfd_remove_cancel(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx)
+{
+	spin_lock(&ctx->cancel_lock);
+	__timerfd_remove_cancel(ctx);
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->cancel_lock);
+}
+
 static bool timerfd_canceled(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx)
 {
 	if (!ctx->might_cancel || ctx->moffs.tv64 != KTIME_MAX)
@@ -131,6 +139,7 @@
 
 static void timerfd_setup_cancel(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx, int flags)
 {
+	spin_lock(&ctx->cancel_lock);
 	if ((ctx->clockid == CLOCK_REALTIME ||
 	     ctx->clockid == CLOCK_REALTIME_ALARM) &&
 	    (flags & TFD_TIMER_ABSTIME) && (flags & TFD_TIMER_CANCEL_ON_SET)) {
@@ -140,9 +149,10 @@
 			list_add_rcu(&ctx->clist, &cancel_list);
 			spin_unlock(&cancel_lock);
 		}
-	} else if (ctx->might_cancel) {
-		timerfd_remove_cancel(ctx);
+	} else {
+		__timerfd_remove_cancel(ctx);
 	}
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->cancel_lock);
 }
 
 static ktime_t timerfd_get_remaining(struct timerfd_ctx *ctx)
@@ -326,6 +336,7 @@
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->wqh);
+	spin_lock_init(&ctx->cancel_lock);
 	ctx->clockid = clockid;
 
 	if (isalarm(ctx))