icmp: randomize the global rate limiter

[ Upstream commit b38e7819cae946e2edf869e604af1e65a5d241c5 ]

Keyu Man reported that the ICMP rate limiter could be used
by attackers to get useful signal. Details will be provided
in an upcoming academic publication.

Our solution is to add some noise, so that the attackers
no longer can get help from the predictable token bucket limiter.

Fixes: 4cdf507d5452 ("icmp: add a global rate limitation")
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Reported-by: Keyu Man <kman001@ucr.edu>
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
index 7eb9366..3c617d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
@@ -934,12 +934,14 @@
 icmp_msgs_per_sec - INTEGER
 	Limit maximal number of ICMP packets sent per second from this host.
 	Only messages whose type matches icmp_ratemask (see below) are
-	controlled by this limit.
+	controlled by this limit. For security reasons, the precise count
+	of messages per second is randomized.
 	Default: 1000
 
 icmp_msgs_burst - INTEGER
 	icmp_msgs_per_sec controls number of ICMP packets sent per second,
 	while icmp_msgs_burst controls the burst size of these packets.
+	For security reasons, the precise burst size is randomized.
 	Default: 50
 
 icmp_ratemask - INTEGER
diff --git a/net/ipv4/icmp.c b/net/ipv4/icmp.c
index 4efa5e3..59c0b1a 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/icmp.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/icmp.c
@@ -244,7 +244,7 @@
 /**
  * icmp_global_allow - Are we allowed to send one more ICMP message ?
  *
- * Uses a token bucket to limit our ICMP messages to sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec.
+ * Uses a token bucket to limit our ICMP messages to ~sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec.
  * Returns false if we reached the limit and can not send another packet.
  * Note: called with BH disabled
  */
@@ -272,7 +272,10 @@
 	}
 	credit = min_t(u32, icmp_global.credit + incr, sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst);
 	if (credit) {
-		credit--;
+		/* We want to use a credit of one in average, but need to randomize
+		 * it for security reasons.
+		 */
+		credit = max_t(int, credit - prandom_u32_max(3), 0);
 		rc = true;
 	}
 	WRITE_ONCE(icmp_global.credit, credit);