blob: 4a22f9d4e44d049861f016bf8185d901d96ee824 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* SLUB: A slab allocator that limits cache line use instead of queuing
* objects in per cpu and per node lists.
*
* The allocator synchronizes using per slab locks or atomic operatios
* and only uses a centralized lock to manage a pool of partial slabs.
*
* (C) 2007 SGI, Christoph Lameter
* (C) 2011 Linux Foundation, Christoph Lameter
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h> /* struct reclaim_state */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "slab.h"
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/kmemcheck.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/debugobjects.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/math64.h>
#include <linux/fault-inject.h>
#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/prefetch.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <trace/events/kmem.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*
* Lock order:
* 1. slab_mutex (Global Mutex)
* 2. node->list_lock
* 3. slab_lock(page) (Only on some arches and for debugging)
*
* slab_mutex
*
* The role of the slab_mutex is to protect the list of all the slabs
* and to synchronize major metadata changes to slab cache structures.
*
* The slab_lock is only used for debugging and on arches that do not
* have the ability to do a cmpxchg_double. It only protects the second
* double word in the page struct. Meaning
* A. page->freelist -> List of object free in a page
* B. page->counters -> Counters of objects
* C. page->frozen -> frozen state
*
* If a slab is frozen then it is exempt from list management. It is not
* on any list. The processor that froze the slab is the one who can
* perform list operations on the page. Other processors may put objects
* onto the freelist but the processor that froze the slab is the only
* one that can retrieve the objects from the page's freelist.
*
* The list_lock protects the partial and full list on each node and
* the partial slab counter. If taken then no new slabs may be added or
* removed from the lists nor make the number of partial slabs be modified.
* (Note that the total number of slabs is an atomic value that may be
* modified without taking the list lock).
*
* The list_lock is a centralized lock and thus we avoid taking it as
* much as possible. As long as SLUB does not have to handle partial
* slabs, operations can continue without any centralized lock. F.e.
* allocating a long series of objects that fill up slabs does not require
* the list lock.
* Interrupts are disabled during allocation and deallocation in order to
* make the slab allocator safe to use in the context of an irq. In addition
* interrupts are disabled to ensure that the processor does not change
* while handling per_cpu slabs, due to kernel preemption.
*
* SLUB assigns one slab for allocation to each processor.
* Allocations only occur from these slabs called cpu slabs.
*
* Slabs with free elements are kept on a partial list and during regular
* operations no list for full slabs is used. If an object in a full slab is
* freed then the slab will show up again on the partial lists.
* We track full slabs for debugging purposes though because otherwise we
* cannot scan all objects.
*
* Slabs are freed when they become empty. Teardown and setup is
* minimal so we rely on the page allocators per cpu caches for
* fast frees and allocs.
*
* Overloading of page flags that are otherwise used for LRU management.
*
* PageActive The slab is frozen and exempt from list processing.
* This means that the slab is dedicated to a purpose
* such as satisfying allocations for a specific
* processor. Objects may be freed in the slab while
* it is frozen but slab_free will then skip the usual
* list operations. It is up to the processor holding
* the slab to integrate the slab into the slab lists
* when the slab is no longer needed.
*
* One use of this flag is to mark slabs that are
* used for allocations. Then such a slab becomes a cpu
* slab. The cpu slab may be equipped with an additional
* freelist that allows lockless access to
* free objects in addition to the regular freelist
* that requires the slab lock.
*
* PageError Slab requires special handling due to debug
* options set. This moves slab handling out of
* the fast path and disables lockless freelists.
*/
static inline int kmem_cache_debug(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
return unlikely(s->flags & SLAB_DEBUG_FLAGS);
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
static inline void *fixup_red_left(struct kmem_cache *s, void *p)
{
if (kmem_cache_debug(s) && s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
p += s->red_left_pad;
return p;
}
static inline bool kmem_cache_has_cpu_partial(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_CPU_PARTIAL
return !kmem_cache_debug(s);
#else
return false;
#endif
}
/*
* Issues still to be resolved:
*
* - Support PAGE_ALLOC_DEBUG. Should be easy to do.
*
* - Variable sizing of the per node arrays
*/
/* Enable to test recovery from slab corruption on boot */
#undef SLUB_RESILIENCY_TEST
/* Enable to log cmpxchg failures */
#undef SLUB_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
/*
* Mininum number of partial slabs. These will be left on the partial
* lists even if they are empty. kmem_cache_shrink may reclaim them.
*/
#define MIN_PARTIAL 5
/*
* Maximum number of desirable partial slabs.
* The existence of more partial slabs makes kmem_cache_shrink
* sort the partial list by the number of objects in use.
*/
#define MAX_PARTIAL 10
#define DEBUG_DEFAULT_FLAGS (SLAB_DEBUG_FREE | SLAB_RED_ZONE | \
SLAB_POISON | SLAB_STORE_USER)
/*
* Debugging flags that require metadata to be stored in the slab. These get
* disabled when slub_debug=O is used and a cache's min order increases with
* metadata.
*/
#define DEBUG_METADATA_FLAGS (SLAB_RED_ZONE | SLAB_POISON | SLAB_STORE_USER)
#define OO_SHIFT 16
#define OO_MASK ((1 << OO_SHIFT) - 1)
#define MAX_OBJS_PER_PAGE 32767 /* since page.objects is u15 */
/* Internal SLUB flags */
#define __OBJECT_POISON 0x80000000UL /* Poison object */
#define __CMPXCHG_DOUBLE 0x40000000UL /* Use cmpxchg_double */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static struct notifier_block slab_notifier;
#endif
/*
* Tracking user of a slab.
*/
#define TRACK_ADDRS_COUNT 16
struct track {
unsigned long addr; /* Called from address */
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
unsigned long addrs[TRACK_ADDRS_COUNT]; /* Called from address */
#endif
int cpu; /* Was running on cpu */
int pid; /* Pid context */
unsigned long when; /* When did the operation occur */
};
enum track_item { TRACK_ALLOC, TRACK_FREE };
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
static int sysfs_slab_add(struct kmem_cache *);
static int sysfs_slab_alias(struct kmem_cache *, const char *);
static void memcg_propagate_slab_attrs(struct kmem_cache *s);
#else
static inline int sysfs_slab_add(struct kmem_cache *s) { return 0; }
static inline int sysfs_slab_alias(struct kmem_cache *s, const char *p)
{ return 0; }
static inline void memcg_propagate_slab_attrs(struct kmem_cache *s) { }
#endif
static inline void stat(const struct kmem_cache *s, enum stat_item si)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_STATS
/*
* The rmw is racy on a preemptible kernel but this is acceptable, so
* avoid this_cpu_add()'s irq-disable overhead.
*/
raw_cpu_inc(s->cpu_slab->stat[si]);
#endif
}
/********************************************************************
* Core slab cache functions
*******************************************************************/
static inline void *get_freepointer(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
{
return *(void **)(object + s->offset);
}
static void prefetch_freepointer(const struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
{
prefetch(object + s->offset);
}
static inline void *get_freepointer_safe(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
{
void *p;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
probe_kernel_read(&p, (void **)(object + s->offset), sizeof(p));
#else
p = get_freepointer(s, object);
#endif
return p;
}
static inline void set_freepointer(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, void *fp)
{
*(void **)(object + s->offset) = fp;
}
/* Loop over all objects in a slab */
#define for_each_object(__p, __s, __addr, __objects) \
for (__p = fixup_red_left(__s, __addr); \
__p < (__addr) + (__objects) * (__s)->size; \
__p += (__s)->size)
#define for_each_object_idx(__p, __idx, __s, __addr, __objects) \
for (__p = fixup_red_left(__s, __addr), __idx = 1; \
__idx <= __objects; \
__p += (__s)->size, __idx++)
/* Determine object index from a given position */
static inline int slab_index(void *p, struct kmem_cache *s, void *addr)
{
return (p - addr) / s->size;
}
static inline size_t slab_ksize(const struct kmem_cache *s)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
/*
* Debugging requires use of the padding between object
* and whatever may come after it.
*/
if (s->flags & (SLAB_RED_ZONE | SLAB_POISON))
return s->object_size;
#endif
if (s->flags & SLAB_KASAN)
return s->object_size;
/*
* If we have the need to store the freelist pointer
* back there or track user information then we can
* only use the space before that information.
*/
if (s->flags & (SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU | SLAB_STORE_USER))
return s->inuse;
/*
* Else we can use all the padding etc for the allocation
*/
return s->size;
}
static inline int order_objects(int order, unsigned long size, int reserved)
{
return ((PAGE_SIZE << order) - reserved) / size;
}
static inline struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo_make(int order,
unsigned long size, int reserved)
{
struct kmem_cache_order_objects x = {
(order << OO_SHIFT) + order_objects(order, size, reserved)
};
return x;
}
static inline int oo_order(struct kmem_cache_order_objects x)
{
return x.x >> OO_SHIFT;
}
static inline int oo_objects(struct kmem_cache_order_objects x)
{
return x.x & OO_MASK;
}
/*
* Per slab locking using the pagelock
*/
static __always_inline void slab_lock(struct page *page)
{
bit_spin_lock(PG_locked, &page->flags);
}
static __always_inline void slab_unlock(struct page *page)
{
__bit_spin_unlock(PG_locked, &page->flags);
}
static inline void set_page_slub_counters(struct page *page, unsigned long counters_new)
{
struct page tmp;
tmp.counters = counters_new;
/*
* page->counters can cover frozen/inuse/objects as well
* as page->_count. If we assign to ->counters directly
* we run the risk of losing updates to page->_count, so
* be careful and only assign to the fields we need.
*/
page->frozen = tmp.frozen;
page->inuse = tmp.inuse;
page->objects = tmp.objects;
}
/* Interrupts must be disabled (for the fallback code to work right) */
static inline bool __cmpxchg_double_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *freelist_old, unsigned long counters_old,
void *freelist_new, unsigned long counters_new,
const char *n)
{
VM_BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_CMPXCHG_DOUBLE) && \
defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE)
if (s->flags & __CMPXCHG_DOUBLE) {
if (cmpxchg_double(&page->freelist, &page->counters,
freelist_old, counters_old,
freelist_new, counters_new))
return true;
} else
#endif
{
slab_lock(page);
if (page->freelist == freelist_old &&
page->counters == counters_old) {
page->freelist = freelist_new;
set_page_slub_counters(page, counters_new);
slab_unlock(page);
return true;
}
slab_unlock(page);
}
cpu_relax();
stat(s, CMPXCHG_DOUBLE_FAIL);
#ifdef SLUB_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
pr_info("%s %s: cmpxchg double redo ", n, s->name);
#endif
return false;
}
static inline bool cmpxchg_double_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *freelist_old, unsigned long counters_old,
void *freelist_new, unsigned long counters_new,
const char *n)
{
#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_CMPXCHG_DOUBLE) && \
defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE)
if (s->flags & __CMPXCHG_DOUBLE) {
if (cmpxchg_double(&page->freelist, &page->counters,
freelist_old, counters_old,
freelist_new, counters_new))
return true;
} else
#endif
{
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
slab_lock(page);
if (page->freelist == freelist_old &&
page->counters == counters_old) {
page->freelist = freelist_new;
set_page_slub_counters(page, counters_new);
slab_unlock(page);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return true;
}
slab_unlock(page);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
cpu_relax();
stat(s, CMPXCHG_DOUBLE_FAIL);
#ifdef SLUB_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
pr_info("%s %s: cmpxchg double redo ", n, s->name);
#endif
return false;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
/*
* Determine a map of object in use on a page.
*
* Node listlock must be held to guarantee that the page does
* not vanish from under us.
*/
static void get_map(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, unsigned long *map)
{
void *p;
void *addr = page_address(page);
for (p = page->freelist; p; p = get_freepointer(s, p))
set_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map);
}
static inline int size_from_object(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
return s->size - s->red_left_pad;
return s->size;
}
static inline void *restore_red_left(struct kmem_cache *s, void *p)
{
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
p -= s->red_left_pad;
return p;
}
/*
* Debug settings:
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON)
static int slub_debug = DEBUG_DEFAULT_FLAGS;
#else
static int slub_debug;
#endif
static char *slub_debug_slabs;
static int disable_higher_order_debug;
/*
* slub is about to manipulate internal object metadata. This memory lies
* outside the range of the allocated object, so accessing it would normally
* be reported by kasan as a bounds error. metadata_access_enable() is used
* to tell kasan that these accesses are OK.
*/
static inline void metadata_access_enable(void)
{
kasan_disable_current();
}
static inline void metadata_access_disable(void)
{
kasan_enable_current();
}
/*
* Object debugging
*/
/* Verify that a pointer has an address that is valid within a slab page */
static inline int check_valid_pointer(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page, void *object)
{
void *base;
if (!object)
return 1;
base = page_address(page);
object = restore_red_left(s, object);
if (object < base || object >= base + page->objects * s->size ||
(object - base) % s->size) {
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
static void print_section(char *text, u8 *addr, unsigned int length)
{
metadata_access_enable();
print_hex_dump(KERN_ERR, text, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, 16, 1, addr,
length, 1);
metadata_access_disable();
}
static struct track *get_track(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object,
enum track_item alloc)
{
struct track *p;
if (s->offset)
p = object + s->offset + sizeof(void *);
else
p = object + s->inuse;
return p + alloc;
}
static void set_track(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object,
enum track_item alloc, unsigned long addr)
{
struct track *p = get_track(s, object, alloc);
if (addr) {
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
struct stack_trace trace;
int i;
trace.nr_entries = 0;
trace.max_entries = TRACK_ADDRS_COUNT;
trace.entries = p->addrs;
trace.skip = 3;
metadata_access_enable();
save_stack_trace(&trace);
metadata_access_disable();
/* See rant in lockdep.c */
if (trace.nr_entries != 0 &&
trace.entries[trace.nr_entries - 1] == ULONG_MAX)
trace.nr_entries--;
for (i = trace.nr_entries; i < TRACK_ADDRS_COUNT; i++)
p->addrs[i] = 0;
#endif
p->addr = addr;
p->cpu = smp_processor_id();
p->pid = current->pid;
p->when = jiffies;
} else
memset(p, 0, sizeof(struct track));
}
static void init_tracking(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
{
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER))
return;
set_track(s, object, TRACK_FREE, 0UL);
set_track(s, object, TRACK_ALLOC, 0UL);
}
static void print_track(const char *s, struct track *t)
{
if (!t->addr)
return;
pr_err("INFO: %s in %pS age=%lu cpu=%u pid=%d\n",
s, (void *)t->addr, jiffies - t->when, t->cpu, t->pid);
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < TRACK_ADDRS_COUNT; i++)
if (t->addrs[i])
pr_err("\t%pS\n", (void *)t->addrs[i]);
else
break;
}
#endif
}
static void print_tracking(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
{
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER))
return;
print_track("Allocated", get_track(s, object, TRACK_ALLOC));
print_track("Freed", get_track(s, object, TRACK_FREE));
}
static void print_page_info(struct page *page)
{
pr_err("INFO: Slab 0x%p objects=%u used=%u fp=0x%p flags=0x%04lx\n",
page, page->objects, page->inuse, page->freelist, page->flags);
}
static void slab_bug(struct kmem_cache *s, char *fmt, ...)
{
struct va_format vaf;
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
vaf.fmt = fmt;
vaf.va = &args;
pr_err("=============================================================================\n");
pr_err("BUG %s (%s): %pV\n", s->name, print_tainted(), &vaf);
pr_err("-----------------------------------------------------------------------------\n\n");
add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
va_end(args);
}
static void slab_fix(struct kmem_cache *s, char *fmt, ...)
{
struct va_format vaf;
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
vaf.fmt = fmt;
vaf.va = &args;
pr_err("FIX %s: %pV\n", s->name, &vaf);
va_end(args);
}
static void print_trailer(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, u8 *p)
{
unsigned int off; /* Offset of last byte */
u8 *addr = page_address(page);
print_tracking(s, p);
print_page_info(page);
pr_err("INFO: Object 0x%p @offset=%tu fp=0x%p\n\n",
p, p - addr, get_freepointer(s, p));
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
print_section("Redzone ", p - s->red_left_pad, s->red_left_pad);
else if (p > addr + 16)
print_section("Bytes b4 ", p - 16, 16);
print_section("Object ", p, min_t(unsigned long, s->object_size,
PAGE_SIZE));
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
print_section("Redzone ", p + s->object_size,
s->inuse - s->object_size);
if (s->offset)
off = s->offset + sizeof(void *);
else
off = s->inuse;
if (s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER)
off += 2 * sizeof(struct track);
off += kasan_metadata_size(s);
if (off != size_from_object(s))
/* Beginning of the filler is the free pointer */
print_section("Padding ", p + off, size_from_object(s) - off);
dump_stack();
}
void object_err(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
u8 *object, char *reason)
{
slab_bug(s, "%s", reason);
print_trailer(s, page, object);
}
static __printf(3, 4) void slab_err(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
char buf[100];
va_start(args, fmt);
vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
va_end(args);
slab_bug(s, "%s", buf);
print_page_info(page);
dump_stack();
}
static void init_object(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, u8 val)
{
u8 *p = object;
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
memset(p - s->red_left_pad, val, s->red_left_pad);
if (s->flags & __OBJECT_POISON) {
memset(p, POISON_FREE, s->object_size - 1);
p[s->object_size - 1] = POISON_END;
}
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE)
memset(p + s->object_size, val, s->inuse - s->object_size);
}
static void restore_bytes(struct kmem_cache *s, char *message, u8 data,
void *from, void *to)
{
slab_fix(s, "Restoring 0x%p-0x%p=0x%x\n", from, to - 1, data);
memset(from, data, to - from);
}
static int check_bytes_and_report(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
u8 *object, char *what,
u8 *start, unsigned int value, unsigned int bytes)
{
u8 *fault;
u8 *end;
metadata_access_enable();
fault = memchr_inv(start, value, bytes);
metadata_access_disable();
if (!fault)
return 1;
end = start + bytes;
while (end > fault && end[-1] == value)
end--;
slab_bug(s, "%s overwritten", what);
pr_err("INFO: 0x%p-0x%p. First byte 0x%x instead of 0x%x\n",
fault, end - 1, fault[0], value);
print_trailer(s, page, object);
restore_bytes(s, what, value, fault, end);
return 0;
}
/*
* Object layout:
*
* object address
* Bytes of the object to be managed.
* If the freepointer may overlay the object then the free
* pointer is the first word of the object.
*
* Poisoning uses 0x6b (POISON_FREE) and the last byte is
* 0xa5 (POISON_END)
*
* object + s->object_size
* Padding to reach word boundary. This is also used for Redzoning.
* Padding is extended by another word if Redzoning is enabled and
* object_size == inuse.
*
* We fill with 0xbb (RED_INACTIVE) for inactive objects and with
* 0xcc (RED_ACTIVE) for objects in use.
*
* object + s->inuse
* Meta data starts here.
*
* A. Free pointer (if we cannot overwrite object on free)
* B. Tracking data for SLAB_STORE_USER
* C. Padding to reach required alignment boundary or at mininum
* one word if debugging is on to be able to detect writes
* before the word boundary.
*
* Padding is done using 0x5a (POISON_INUSE)
*
* object + s->size
* Nothing is used beyond s->size.
*
* If slabcaches are merged then the object_size and inuse boundaries are mostly
* ignored. And therefore no slab options that rely on these boundaries
* may be used with merged slabcaches.
*/
static int check_pad_bytes(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, u8 *p)
{
unsigned long off = s->inuse; /* The end of info */
if (s->offset)
/* Freepointer is placed after the object. */
off += sizeof(void *);
if (s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER)
/* We also have user information there */
off += 2 * sizeof(struct track);
off += kasan_metadata_size(s);
if (size_from_object(s) == off)
return 1;
return check_bytes_and_report(s, page, p, "Object padding",
p + off, POISON_INUSE, size_from_object(s) - off);
}
/* Check the pad bytes at the end of a slab page */
static int slab_pad_check(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
u8 *start;
u8 *fault;
u8 *end;
int length;
int remainder;
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_POISON))
return 1;
start = page_address(page);
length = (PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page)) - s->reserved;
end = start + length;
remainder = length % s->size;
if (!remainder)
return 1;
metadata_access_enable();
fault = memchr_inv(end - remainder, POISON_INUSE, remainder);
metadata_access_disable();
if (!fault)
return 1;
while (end > fault && end[-1] == POISON_INUSE)
end--;
slab_err(s, page, "Padding overwritten. 0x%p-0x%p", fault, end - 1);
print_section("Padding ", end - remainder, remainder);
restore_bytes(s, "slab padding", POISON_INUSE, end - remainder, end);
return 0;
}
static int check_object(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *object, u8 val)
{
u8 *p = object;
u8 *endobject = object + s->object_size;
if (s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE) {
if (!check_bytes_and_report(s, page, object, "Redzone",
object - s->red_left_pad, val, s->red_left_pad))
return 0;
if (!check_bytes_and_report(s, page, object, "Redzone",
endobject, val, s->inuse - s->object_size))
return 0;
} else {
if ((s->flags & SLAB_POISON) && s->object_size < s->inuse) {
check_bytes_and_report(s, page, p, "Alignment padding",
endobject, POISON_INUSE,
s->inuse - s->object_size);
}
}
if (s->flags & SLAB_POISON) {
if (val != SLUB_RED_ACTIVE && (s->flags & __OBJECT_POISON) &&
(!check_bytes_and_report(s, page, p, "Poison", p,
POISON_FREE, s->object_size - 1) ||
!check_bytes_and_report(s, page, p, "Poison",
p + s->object_size - 1, POISON_END, 1)))
return 0;
/*
* check_pad_bytes cleans up on its own.
*/
check_pad_bytes(s, page, p);
}
if (!s->offset && val == SLUB_RED_ACTIVE)
/*
* Object and freepointer overlap. Cannot check
* freepointer while object is allocated.
*/
return 1;
/* Check free pointer validity */
if (!check_valid_pointer(s, page, get_freepointer(s, p))) {
object_err(s, page, p, "Freepointer corrupt");
/*
* No choice but to zap it and thus lose the remainder
* of the free objects in this slab. May cause
* another error because the object count is now wrong.
*/
set_freepointer(s, p, NULL);
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
static int check_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
int maxobj;
VM_BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
if (!PageSlab(page)) {
slab_err(s, page, "Not a valid slab page");
return 0;
}
maxobj = order_objects(compound_order(page), s->size, s->reserved);
if (page->objects > maxobj) {
slab_err(s, page, "objects %u > max %u",
page->objects, maxobj);
return 0;
}
if (page->inuse > page->objects) {
slab_err(s, page, "inuse %u > max %u",
page->inuse, page->objects);
return 0;
}
/* Slab_pad_check fixes things up after itself */
slab_pad_check(s, page);
return 1;
}
/*
* Determine if a certain object on a page is on the freelist. Must hold the
* slab lock to guarantee that the chains are in a consistent state.
*/
static int on_freelist(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, void *search)
{
int nr = 0;
void *fp;
void *object = NULL;
int max_objects;
fp = page->freelist;
while (fp && nr <= page->objects) {
if (fp == search)
return 1;
if (!check_valid_pointer(s, page, fp)) {
if (object) {
object_err(s, page, object,
"Freechain corrupt");
set_freepointer(s, object, NULL);
} else {
slab_err(s, page, "Freepointer corrupt");
page->freelist = NULL;
page->inuse = page->objects;
slab_fix(s, "Freelist cleared");
return 0;
}
break;
}
object = fp;
fp = get_freepointer(s, object);
nr++;
}
max_objects = order_objects(compound_order(page), s->size, s->reserved);
if (max_objects > MAX_OBJS_PER_PAGE)
max_objects = MAX_OBJS_PER_PAGE;
if (page->objects != max_objects) {
slab_err(s, page, "Wrong number of objects. Found %d but should be %d",
page->objects, max_objects);
page->objects = max_objects;
slab_fix(s, "Number of objects adjusted.");
}
if (page->inuse != page->objects - nr) {
slab_err(s, page, "Wrong object count. Counter is %d but counted were %d",
page->inuse, page->objects - nr);
page->inuse = page->objects - nr;
slab_fix(s, "Object count adjusted.");
}
return search == NULL;
}
static void trace(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, void *object,
int alloc)
{
if (s->flags & SLAB_TRACE) {
pr_info("TRACE %s %s 0x%p inuse=%d fp=0x%p\n",
s->name,
alloc ? "alloc" : "free",
object, page->inuse,
page->freelist);
if (!alloc)
print_section("Object ", (void *)object,
s->object_size);
dump_stack();
}
}
/*
* Tracking of fully allocated slabs for debugging purposes.
*/
static void add_full(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct kmem_cache_node *n, struct page *page)
{
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER))
return;
lockdep_assert_held(&n->list_lock);
list_add(&page->lru, &n->full);
}
static void remove_full(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n, struct page *page)
{
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER))
return;
lockdep_assert_held(&n->list_lock);
list_del(&page->lru);
}
/* Tracking of the number of slabs for debugging purposes */
static inline unsigned long slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
return atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs);
}
static inline unsigned long node_nr_slabs(struct kmem_cache_node *n)
{
return atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs);
}
static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node, int objects)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
/*
* May be called early in order to allocate a slab for the
* kmem_cache_node structure. Solve the chicken-egg
* dilemma by deferring the increment of the count during
* bootstrap (see early_kmem_cache_node_alloc).
*/
if (likely(n)) {
atomic_long_inc(&n->nr_slabs);
atomic_long_add(objects, &n->total_objects);
}
}
static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node, int objects)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
atomic_long_dec(&n->nr_slabs);
atomic_long_sub(objects, &n->total_objects);
}
/* Object debug checks for alloc/free paths */
static void setup_object_debug(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *object)
{
if (!(s->flags & (SLAB_STORE_USER|SLAB_RED_ZONE|__OBJECT_POISON)))
return;
init_object(s, object, SLUB_RED_INACTIVE);
init_tracking(s, object);
}
static noinline int alloc_debug_processing(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page,
void *object, unsigned long addr)
{
if (!check_slab(s, page))
goto bad;
if (!check_valid_pointer(s, page, object)) {
object_err(s, page, object, "Freelist Pointer check fails");
goto bad;
}
if (!check_object(s, page, object, SLUB_RED_INACTIVE))
goto bad;
/* Success perform special debug activities for allocs */
if (s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER)
set_track(s, object, TRACK_ALLOC, addr);
trace(s, page, object, 1);
init_object(s, object, SLUB_RED_ACTIVE);
return 1;
bad:
if (PageSlab(page)) {
/*
* If this is a slab page then lets do the best we can
* to avoid issues in the future. Marking all objects
* as used avoids touching the remaining objects.
*/
slab_fix(s, "Marking all objects used");
page->inuse = page->objects;
page->freelist = NULL;
}
return 0;
}
/* Supports checking bulk free of a constructed freelist */
static noinline struct kmem_cache_node *free_debug_processing(
struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *head, void *tail, int bulk_cnt,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long *flags)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
void *object = head;
int cnt = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, *flags);
slab_lock(page);
if (!check_slab(s, page))
goto fail;
next_object:
cnt++;
if (!check_valid_pointer(s, page, object)) {
slab_err(s, page, "Invalid object pointer 0x%p", object);
goto fail;
}
if (on_freelist(s, page, object)) {
object_err(s, page, object, "Object already free");
goto fail;
}
if (!check_object(s, page, object, SLUB_RED_ACTIVE))
goto out;
if (unlikely(s != page->slab_cache)) {
if (!PageSlab(page)) {
slab_err(s, page, "Attempt to free object(0x%p) outside of slab",
object);
} else if (!page->slab_cache) {
pr_err("SLUB <none>: no slab for object 0x%p.\n",
object);
dump_stack();
} else
object_err(s, page, object,
"page slab pointer corrupt.");
goto fail;
}
if (s->flags & SLAB_STORE_USER)
set_track(s, object, TRACK_FREE, addr);
trace(s, page, object, 0);
/* Freepointer not overwritten by init_object(), SLAB_POISON moved it */
init_object(s, object, SLUB_RED_INACTIVE);
/* Reached end of constructed freelist yet? */
if (object != tail) {
object = get_freepointer(s, object);
goto next_object;
}
out:
if (cnt != bulk_cnt)
slab_err(s, page, "Bulk freelist count(%d) invalid(%d)\n",
bulk_cnt, cnt);
slab_unlock(page);
/*
* Keep node_lock to preserve integrity
* until the object is actually freed
*/
return n;
fail:
slab_unlock(page);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, *flags);
slab_fix(s, "Object at 0x%p not freed", object);
return NULL;
}
static int __init setup_slub_debug(char *str)
{
slub_debug = DEBUG_DEFAULT_FLAGS;
if (*str++ != '=' || !*str)
/*
* No options specified. Switch on full debugging.
*/
goto out;
if (*str == ',')
/*
* No options but restriction on slabs. This means full
* debugging for slabs matching a pattern.
*/
goto check_slabs;
slub_debug = 0;
if (*str == '-')
/*
* Switch off all debugging measures.
*/
goto out;
/*
* Determine which debug features should be switched on
*/
for (; *str && *str != ','; str++) {
switch (tolower(*str)) {
case 'f':
slub_debug |= SLAB_DEBUG_FREE;
break;
case 'z':
slub_debug |= SLAB_RED_ZONE;
break;
case 'p':
slub_debug |= SLAB_POISON;
break;
case 'u':
slub_debug |= SLAB_STORE_USER;
break;
case 't':
slub_debug |= SLAB_TRACE;
break;
case 'a':
slub_debug |= SLAB_FAILSLAB;
break;
case 'o':
/*
* Avoid enabling debugging on caches if its minimum
* order would increase as a result.
*/
disable_higher_order_debug = 1;
break;
default:
pr_err("slub_debug option '%c' unknown. skipped\n",
*str);
}
}
check_slabs:
if (*str == ',')
slub_debug_slabs = str + 1;
out:
return 1;
}
__setup("slub_debug", setup_slub_debug);
unsigned long kmem_cache_flags(unsigned long object_size,
unsigned long flags, const char *name,
void (*ctor)(void *))
{
/*
* Enable debugging if selected on the kernel commandline.
*/
if (slub_debug && (!slub_debug_slabs || (name &&
!strncmp(slub_debug_slabs, name, strlen(slub_debug_slabs)))))
flags |= slub_debug;
return flags;
}
#else /* !CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG */
static inline void setup_object_debug(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page, void *object) {}
static inline int alloc_debug_processing(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page, void *object, unsigned long addr) { return 0; }
static inline struct kmem_cache_node *free_debug_processing(
struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *head, void *tail, int bulk_cnt,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long *flags) { return NULL; }
static inline int slab_pad_check(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{ return 1; }
static inline int check_object(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *object, u8 val) { return 1; }
static inline void add_full(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n,
struct page *page) {}
static inline void remove_full(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n,
struct page *page) {}
unsigned long kmem_cache_flags(unsigned long object_size,
unsigned long flags, const char *name,
void (*ctor)(void *))
{
return flags;
}
#define slub_debug 0
#define disable_higher_order_debug 0
static inline unsigned long slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
{ return 0; }
static inline unsigned long node_nr_slabs(struct kmem_cache_node *n)
{ return 0; }
static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node,
int objects) {}
static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node,
int objects) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG */
/*
* Hooks for other subsystems that check memory allocations. In a typical
* production configuration these hooks all should produce no code at all.
*/
static inline void kmalloc_large_node_hook(void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
kmemleak_alloc(ptr, size, 1, flags);
kasan_kmalloc_large(ptr, size, flags);
}
static inline void kfree_hook(const void *x)
{
kmemleak_free(x);
kasan_kfree_large(x);
}
static inline struct kmem_cache *slab_pre_alloc_hook(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t flags)
{
flags &= gfp_allowed_mask;
lockdep_trace_alloc(flags);
might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(flags));
if (should_failslab(s->object_size, flags, s->flags))
return NULL;
return memcg_kmem_get_cache(s, flags);
}
static inline void slab_post_alloc_hook(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags,
size_t size, void **p)
{
size_t i;
flags &= gfp_allowed_mask;
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
void *object = p[i];
kmemcheck_slab_alloc(s, flags, object, slab_ksize(s));
kmemleak_alloc_recursive(object, s->object_size, 1,
s->flags, flags);
kasan_slab_alloc(s, object, flags);
}
memcg_kmem_put_cache(s);
}
static inline void *slab_free_hook(struct kmem_cache *s, void *x)
{
void *freeptr;
kmemleak_free_recursive(x, s->flags);
/*
* Trouble is that we may no longer disable interrupts in the fast path
* So in order to make the debug calls that expect irqs to be
* disabled we need to disable interrupts temporarily.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_KMEMCHECK) || defined(CONFIG_LOCKDEP)
{
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
kmemcheck_slab_free(s, x, s->object_size);
debug_check_no_locks_freed(x, s->object_size);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
#endif
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS))
debug_check_no_obj_freed(x, s->object_size);
freeptr = get_freepointer(s, x);
/*
* kasan_slab_free() may put x into memory quarantine, delaying its
* reuse. In this case the object's freelist pointer is changed.
*/
kasan_slab_free(s, x);
return freeptr;
}
static inline void slab_free_freelist_hook(struct kmem_cache *s,
void *head, void *tail)
{
/*
* Compiler cannot detect this function can be removed if slab_free_hook()
* evaluates to nothing. Thus, catch all relevant config debug options here.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_KMEMCHECK) || \
defined(CONFIG_LOCKDEP) || \
defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK) || \
defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_FREE) || \
defined(CONFIG_KASAN)
void *object = head;
void *tail_obj = tail ? : head;
void *freeptr;
do {
freeptr = slab_free_hook(s, object);
} while ((object != tail_obj) && (object = freeptr));
#endif
}
static void setup_object(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *object)
{
setup_object_debug(s, page, object);
kasan_init_slab_obj(s, object);
if (unlikely(s->ctor)) {
kasan_unpoison_object_data(s, object);
s->ctor(object);
kasan_poison_object_data(s, object);
}
}
/*
* Slab allocation and freeing
*/
static inline struct page *alloc_slab_page(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t flags, int node, struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo)
{
struct page *page;
int order = oo_order(oo);
flags |= __GFP_NOTRACK;
if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
page = alloc_pages(flags, order);
else
page = __alloc_pages_node(node, flags, order);
if (page && memcg_charge_slab(page, flags, order, s)) {
__free_pages(page, order);
page = NULL;
}
return page;
}
static struct page *allocate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
struct page *page;
struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo = s->oo;
gfp_t alloc_gfp;
void *start, *p;
int idx, order;
flags &= gfp_allowed_mask;
if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(flags))
local_irq_enable();
flags |= s->allocflags;
/*
* Let the initial higher-order allocation fail under memory pressure
* so we fall-back to the minimum order allocation.
*/
alloc_gfp = (flags | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY) & ~__GFP_NOFAIL;
if ((alloc_gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) && oo_order(oo) > oo_order(s->min))
alloc_gfp = (alloc_gfp | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC) & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM;
page = alloc_slab_page(s, alloc_gfp, node, oo);
if (unlikely(!page)) {
oo = s->min;
alloc_gfp = flags;
/*
* Allocation may have failed due to fragmentation.
* Try a lower order alloc if possible
*/
page = alloc_slab_page(s, alloc_gfp, node, oo);
if (unlikely(!page))
goto out;
stat(s, ORDER_FALLBACK);
}
if (kmemcheck_enabled &&
!(s->flags & (SLAB_NOTRACK | DEBUG_DEFAULT_FLAGS))) {
int pages = 1 << oo_order(oo);
kmemcheck_alloc_shadow(page, oo_order(oo), alloc_gfp, node);
/*
* Objects from caches that have a constructor don't get
* cleared when they're allocated, so we need to do it here.
*/
if (s->ctor)
kmemcheck_mark_uninitialized_pages(page, pages);
else
kmemcheck_mark_unallocated_pages(page, pages);
}
page->objects = oo_objects(oo);
order = compound_order(page);
page->slab_cache = s;
__SetPageSlab(page);
if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
start = page_address(page);
if (unlikely(s->flags & SLAB_POISON))
memset(start, POISON_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE << order);
kasan_poison_slab(page);
for_each_object_idx(p, idx, s, start, page->objects) {
setup_object(s, page, p);
if (likely(idx < page->objects))
set_freepointer(s, p, p + s->size);
else
set_freepointer(s, p, NULL);
}
page->freelist = fixup_red_left(s, start);
page->inuse = page->objects;
page->frozen = 1;
out:
if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(flags))
local_irq_disable();
if (!page)
return NULL;
mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page),
(s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE,
1 << oo_order(oo));
inc_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
return page;
}
static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
if (unlikely(flags & GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK)) {
pr_emerg("gfp: %u\n", flags & GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK);
BUG();
}
return allocate_slab(s,
flags & (GFP_RECLAIM_MASK | GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK), node);
}
static void __free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
int order = compound_order(page);
int pages = 1 << order;
if (kmem_cache_debug(s)) {
void *p;
slab_pad_check(s, page);
for_each_object(p, s, page_address(page),
page->objects)
check_object(s, page, p, SLUB_RED_INACTIVE);
}
kmemcheck_free_shadow(page, compound_order(page));
mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page),
(s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE,
-pages);
__ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
__ClearPageSlab(page);
page_mapcount_reset(page);
if (current->reclaim_state)
current->reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab += pages;
__free_kmem_pages(page, order);
}
#define need_reserve_slab_rcu \
(sizeof(((struct page *)NULL)->lru) < sizeof(struct rcu_head))
static void rcu_free_slab(struct rcu_head *h)
{
struct page *page;
if (need_reserve_slab_rcu)
page = virt_to_head_page(h);
else
page = container_of((struct list_head *)h, struct page, lru);
__free_slab(page->slab_cache, page);
}
static void free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(s->flags & SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU)) {
struct rcu_head *head;
if (need_reserve_slab_rcu) {
int order = compound_order(page);
int offset = (PAGE_SIZE << order) - s->reserved;
VM_BUG_ON(s->reserved != sizeof(*head));
head = page_address(page) + offset;
} else {
head = &page->rcu_head;
}
call_rcu(head, rcu_free_slab);
} else
__free_slab(s, page);
}
static void discard_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
dec_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
free_slab(s, page);
}
/*
* Management of partially allocated slabs.
*/
static inline void
__add_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n, struct page *page, int tail)
{
n->nr_partial++;
if (tail == DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL)
list_add_tail(&page->lru, &n->partial);
else
list_add(&page->lru, &n->partial);
}
static inline void add_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n,
struct page *page, int tail)
{
lockdep_assert_held(&n->list_lock);
__add_partial(n, page, tail);
}
static inline void
__remove_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n, struct page *page)
{
list_del(&page->lru);
n->nr_partial--;
}
static inline void remove_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n,
struct page *page)
{
lockdep_assert_held(&n->list_lock);
__remove_partial(n, page);
}
/*
* Remove slab from the partial list, freeze it and
* return the pointer to the freelist.
*
* Returns a list of objects or NULL if it fails.
*/
static inline void *acquire_slab(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct kmem_cache_node *n, struct page *page,
int mode, int *objects)
{
void *freelist;
unsigned long counters;
struct page new;
lockdep_assert_held(&n->list_lock);
/*
* Zap the freelist and set the frozen bit.
* The old freelist is the list of objects for the
* per cpu allocation list.
*/
freelist = page->freelist;
counters = page->counters;
new.counters = counters;
*objects = new.objects - new.inuse;
if (mode) {
new.inuse = page->objects;
new.freelist = NULL;
} else {
new.freelist = freelist;
}
VM_BUG_ON(new.frozen);
new.frozen = 1;
if (!__cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
freelist, counters,
new.freelist, new.counters,
"acquire_slab"))
return NULL;
remove_partial(n, page);
WARN_ON(!freelist);
return freelist;
}
static void put_cpu_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, int drain);
static inline bool pfmemalloc_match(struct page *page, gfp_t gfpflags);
/*
* Try to allocate a partial slab from a specific node.
*/
static void *get_partial_node(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n,
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c, gfp_t flags)
{
struct page *page, *page2;
void *object = NULL;
int available = 0;
int objects;
/*
* Racy check. If we mistakenly see no partial slabs then we
* just allocate an empty slab. If we mistakenly try to get a
* partial slab and there is none available then get_partials()
* will return NULL.
*/
if (!n || !n->nr_partial)
return NULL;
spin_lock(&n->list_lock);
list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, &n->partial, lru) {
void *t;
if (!pfmemalloc_match(page, flags))
continue;
t = acquire_slab(s, n, page, object == NULL, &objects);
if (!t)
break;
available += objects;
if (!object) {
c->page = page;
stat(s, ALLOC_FROM_PARTIAL);
object = t;
} else {
put_cpu_partial(s, page, 0);
stat(s, CPU_PARTIAL_NODE);
}
if (!kmem_cache_has_cpu_partial(s)
|| available > s->cpu_partial / 2)
break;
}
spin_unlock(&n->list_lock);
return object;
}
/*
* Get a page from somewhere. Search in increasing NUMA distances.
*/
static void *get_any_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags,
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
struct zonelist *zonelist;
struct zoneref *z;
struct zone *zone;
enum zone_type high_zoneidx = gfp_zone(flags);
void *object;
unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie;
/*
* The defrag ratio allows a configuration of the tradeoffs between
* inter node defragmentation and node local allocations. A lower
* defrag_ratio increases the tendency to do local allocations
* instead of attempting to obtain partial slabs from other nodes.
*
* If the defrag_ratio is set to 0 then kmalloc() always
* returns node local objects. If the ratio is higher then kmalloc()
* may return off node objects because partial slabs are obtained
* from other nodes and filled up.
*
* If /sys/kernel/slab/xx/defrag_ratio is set to 100 (which makes
* defrag_ratio = 1000) then every (well almost) allocation will
* first attempt to defrag slab caches on other nodes. This means
* scanning over all nodes to look for partial slabs which may be
* expensive if we do it every time we are trying to find a slab
* with available objects.
*/
if (!s->remote_node_defrag_ratio ||
get_cycles() % 1024 > s->remote_node_defrag_ratio)
return NULL;
do {
cpuset_mems_cookie = read_mems_allowed_begin();
zonelist = node_zonelist(mempolicy_slab_node(), flags);
for_each_zone_zonelist(zone, z, zonelist, high_zoneidx) {
struct kmem_cache_node *n;
n = get_node(s, zone_to_nid(zone));
if (n && cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, flags) &&
n->nr_partial > s->min_partial) {
object = get_partial_node(s, n, c, flags);
if (object) {
/*
* Don't check read_mems_allowed_retry()
* here - if mems_allowed was updated in
* parallel, that was a harmless race
* between allocation and the cpuset
* update
*/
return object;
}
}
}
} while (read_mems_allowed_retry(cpuset_mems_cookie));
#endif
return NULL;
}
/*
* Get a partial page, lock it and return it.
*/
static void *get_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node,
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
void *object;
int searchnode = node;
if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
searchnode = numa_mem_id();
else if (!node_present_pages(node))
searchnode = node_to_mem_node(node);
object = get_partial_node(s, get_node(s, searchnode), c, flags);
if (object || node != NUMA_NO_NODE)
return object;
return get_any_partial(s, flags, c);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* Calculate the next globally unique transaction for disambiguiation
* during cmpxchg. The transactions start with the cpu number and are then
* incremented by CONFIG_NR_CPUS.
*/
#define TID_STEP roundup_pow_of_two(CONFIG_NR_CPUS)
#else
/*
* No preemption supported therefore also no need to check for
* different cpus.
*/
#define TID_STEP 1
#endif
static inline unsigned long next_tid(unsigned long tid)
{
return tid + TID_STEP;
}
static inline unsigned int tid_to_cpu(unsigned long tid)
{
return tid % TID_STEP;
}
static inline unsigned long tid_to_event(unsigned long tid)
{
return tid / TID_STEP;
}
static inline unsigned int init_tid(int cpu)
{
return cpu;
}
static inline void note_cmpxchg_failure(const char *n,
const struct kmem_cache *s, unsigned long tid)
{
#ifdef SLUB_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
unsigned long actual_tid = __this_cpu_read(s->cpu_slab->tid);
pr_info("%s %s: cmpxchg redo ", n, s->name);
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
if (tid_to_cpu(tid) != tid_to_cpu(actual_tid))
pr_warn("due to cpu change %d -> %d\n",
tid_to_cpu(tid), tid_to_cpu(actual_tid));
else
#endif
if (tid_to_event(tid) != tid_to_event(actual_tid))
pr_warn("due to cpu running other code. Event %ld->%ld\n",
tid_to_event(tid), tid_to_event(actual_tid));
else
pr_warn("for unknown reason: actual=%lx was=%lx target=%lx\n",
actual_tid, tid, next_tid(tid));
#endif
stat(s, CMPXCHG_DOUBLE_CPU_FAIL);
}
static void init_kmem_cache_cpus(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
int cpu;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
per_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab, cpu)->tid = init_tid(cpu);
}
/*
* Remove the cpu slab
*/
static void deactivate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *freelist)
{
enum slab_modes { M_NONE, M_PARTIAL, M_FULL, M_FREE };
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
int lock = 0;
enum slab_modes l = M_NONE, m = M_NONE;
void *nextfree;
int tail = DEACTIVATE_TO_HEAD;
struct page new;
struct page old;
if (page->freelist) {
stat(s, DEACTIVATE_REMOTE_FREES);
tail = DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL;
}
/*
* Stage one: Free all available per cpu objects back
* to the page freelist while it is still frozen. Leave the
* last one.
*
* There is no need to take the list->lock because the page
* is still frozen.
*/
while (freelist && (nextfree = get_freepointer(s, freelist))) {
void *prior;
unsigned long counters;
do {
prior = page->freelist;
counters = page->counters;
set_freepointer(s, freelist, prior);
new.counters = counters;
new.inuse--;
VM_BUG_ON(!new.frozen);
} while (!__cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
prior, counters,
freelist, new.counters,
"drain percpu freelist"));
freelist = nextfree;
}
/*
* Stage two: Ensure that the page is unfrozen while the
* list presence reflects the actual number of objects
* during unfreeze.
*
* We setup the list membership and then perform a cmpxchg
* with the count. If there is a mismatch then the page
* is not unfrozen but the page is on the wrong list.
*
* Then we restart the process which may have to remove
* the page from the list that we just put it on again
* because the number of objects in the slab may have
* changed.
*/
redo:
old.freelist = page->freelist;
old.counters = page->counters;
VM_BUG_ON(!old.frozen);
/* Determine target state of the slab */
new.counters = old.counters;
if (freelist) {
new.inuse--;
set_freepointer(s, freelist, old.freelist);
new.freelist = freelist;
} else
new.freelist = old.freelist;
new.frozen = 0;
if (!new.inuse && n->nr_partial >= s->min_partial)
m = M_FREE;
else if (new.freelist) {
m = M_PARTIAL;
if (!lock) {
lock = 1;
/*
* Taking the spinlock removes the possiblity
* that acquire_slab() will see a slab page that
* is frozen
*/
spin_lock(&n->list_lock);
}
} else {
m = M_FULL;
if (kmem_cache_debug(s) && !lock) {
lock = 1;
/*
* This also ensures that the scanning of full
* slabs from diagnostic functions will not see
* any frozen slabs.
*/
spin_lock(&n->list_lock);
}
}
if (l != m) {
if (l == M_PARTIAL)
remove_partial(n, page);
else if (l == M_FULL)
remove_full(s, n, page);
if (m == M_PARTIAL) {
add_partial(n, page, tail);
stat(s, tail);
} else if (m == M_FULL) {
stat(s, DEACTIVATE_FULL);
add_full(s, n, page);
}
}
l = m;
if (!__cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
old.freelist, old.counters,
new.freelist, new.counters,
"unfreezing slab"))
goto redo;
if (lock)
spin_unlock(&n->list_lock);
if (m == M_FREE) {
stat(s, DEACTIVATE_EMPTY);
discard_slab(s, page);
stat(s, FREE_SLAB);
}
}
/*
* Unfreeze all the cpu partial slabs.
*
* This function must be called with interrupts disabled
* for the cpu using c (or some other guarantee must be there
* to guarantee no concurrent accesses).
*/
static void unfreeze_partials(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_CPU_PARTIAL
struct kmem_cache_node *n = NULL, *n2 = NULL;
struct page *page, *discard_page = NULL;
while ((page = c->partial)) {
struct page new;
struct page old;
c->partial = page->next;
n2 = get_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
if (n != n2) {
if (n)
spin_unlock(&n->list_lock);
n = n2;
spin_lock(&n->list_lock);
}
do {
old.freelist = page->freelist;
old.counters = page->counters;
VM_BUG_ON(!old.frozen);
new.counters = old.counters;
new.freelist = old.freelist;
new.frozen = 0;
} while (!__cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
old.freelist, old.counters,
new.freelist, new.counters,
"unfreezing slab"));
if (unlikely(!new.inuse && n->nr_partial >= s->min_partial)) {
page->next = discard_page;
discard_page = page;
} else {
add_partial(n, page, DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL);
stat(s, FREE_ADD_PARTIAL);
}
}
if (n)
spin_unlock(&n->list_lock);
while (discard_page) {
page = discard_page;
discard_page = discard_page->next;
stat(s, DEACTIVATE_EMPTY);
discard_slab(s, page);
stat(s, FREE_SLAB);
}
#endif
}
/*
* Put a page that was just frozen (in __slab_free) into a partial page
* slot if available. This is done without interrupts disabled and without
* preemption disabled. The cmpxchg is racy and may put the partial page
* onto a random cpus partial slot.
*
* If we did not find a slot then simply move all the partials to the
* per node partial list.
*/
static void put_cpu_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, int drain)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_CPU_PARTIAL
struct page *oldpage;
int pages;
int pobjects;
preempt_disable();
do {
pages = 0;
pobjects = 0;
oldpage = this_cpu_read(s->cpu_slab->partial);
if (oldpage) {
pobjects = oldpage->pobjects;
pages = oldpage->pages;
if (drain && pobjects > s->cpu_partial) {
unsigned long flags;
/*
* partial array is full. Move the existing
* set to the per node partial list.
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
unfreeze_partials(s, this_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab));
local_irq_restore(flags);
oldpage = NULL;
pobjects = 0;
pages = 0;
stat(s, CPU_PARTIAL_DRAIN);
}
}
pages++;
pobjects += page->objects - page->inuse;
page->pages = pages;
page->pobjects = pobjects;
page->next = oldpage;
} while (this_cpu_cmpxchg(s->cpu_slab->partial, oldpage, page)
!= oldpage);
if (unlikely(!s->cpu_partial)) {
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
unfreeze_partials(s, this_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab));
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
preempt_enable();
#endif
}
static inline void flush_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
stat(s, CPUSLAB_FLUSH);
deactivate_slab(s, c->page, c->freelist);
c->tid = next_tid(c->tid);
c->page = NULL;
c->freelist = NULL;
}
/*
* Flush cpu slab.
*
* Called from IPI handler with interrupts disabled.
*/
static inline void __flush_cpu_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, int cpu)
{
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = per_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab, cpu);
if (likely(c)) {
if (c->page)
flush_slab(s, c);
unfreeze_partials(s, c);
}
}
static void flush_cpu_slab(void *d)
{
struct kmem_cache *s = d;
__flush_cpu_slab(s, smp_processor_id());
}
static bool has_cpu_slab(int cpu, void *info)
{
struct kmem_cache *s = info;
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = per_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab, cpu);
return c->page || c->partial;
}
static void flush_all(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
on_each_cpu_cond(has_cpu_slab, flush_cpu_slab, s, 1, GFP_ATOMIC);
}
/*
* Check if the objects in a per cpu structure fit numa
* locality expectations.
*/
static inline int node_match(struct page *page, int node)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
if (!page || (node != NUMA_NO_NODE && page_to_nid(page) != node))
return 0;
#endif
return 1;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
static int count_free(struct page *page)
{
return page->objects - page->inuse;
}
static inline unsigned long node_nr_objs(struct kmem_cache_node *n)
{
return atomic_long_read(&n->total_objects);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG */
#if defined(CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG) || defined(CONFIG_SYSFS)
static unsigned long count_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n,
int (*get_count)(struct page *))
{
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long x = 0;
struct page *page;
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
list_for_each_entry(page, &n->partial, lru)
x += get_count(page);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
return x;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG || CONFIG_SYSFS */
static noinline void
slab_out_of_memory(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int nid)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(slub_oom_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
int node;
struct kmem_cache_node *n;
if ((gfpflags & __GFP_NOWARN) || !__ratelimit(&slub_oom_rs))
return;
pr_warn("SLUB: Unable to allocate memory on node %d (gfp=0x%x)\n",
nid, gfpflags);
pr_warn(" cache: %s, object size: %d, buffer size: %d, default order: %d, min order: %d\n",
s->name, s->object_size, s->size, oo_order(s->oo),
oo_order(s->min));
if (oo_order(s->min) > get_order(s->object_size))
pr_warn(" %s debugging increased min order, use slub_debug=O to disable.\n",
s->name);
for_each_kmem_cache_node(s, node, n) {
unsigned long nr_slabs;
unsigned long nr_objs;
unsigned long nr_free;
nr_free = count_partial(n, count_free);
nr_slabs = node_nr_slabs(n);
nr_objs = node_nr_objs(n);
pr_warn(" node %d: slabs: %ld, objs: %ld, free: %ld\n",
node, nr_slabs, nr_objs, nr_free);
}
#endif
}
static inline void *new_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags,
int node, struct kmem_cache_cpu **pc)
{
void *freelist;
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = *pc;
struct page *page;
freelist = get_partial(s, flags, node, c);
if (freelist)
return freelist;
page = new_slab(s, flags, node);
if (page) {
c = raw_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab);
if (c->page)
flush_slab(s, c);
/*
* No other reference to the page yet so we can
* muck around with it freely without cmpxchg
*/
freelist = page->freelist;
page->freelist = NULL;
stat(s, ALLOC_SLAB);
c->page = page;
*pc = c;
} else
freelist = NULL;
return freelist;
}
static inline bool pfmemalloc_match(struct page *page, gfp_t gfpflags)
{
if (unlikely(PageSlabPfmemalloc(page)))
return gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfpflags);
return true;
}
/*
* Check the page->freelist of a page and either transfer the freelist to the
* per cpu freelist or deactivate the page.
*
* The page is still frozen if the return value is not NULL.
*
* If this function returns NULL then the page has been unfrozen.
*
* This function must be called with interrupt disabled.
*/
static inline void *get_freelist(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
struct page new;
unsigned long counters;
void *freelist;
do {
freelist = page->freelist;
counters = page->counters;
new.counters = counters;
VM_BUG_ON(!new.frozen);
new.inuse = page->objects;
new.frozen = freelist != NULL;
} while (!__cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
freelist, counters,
NULL, new.counters,
"get_freelist"));
return freelist;
}
/*
* Slow path. The lockless freelist is empty or we need to perform
* debugging duties.
*
* Processing is still very fast if new objects have been freed to the
* regular freelist. In that case we simply take over the regular freelist
* as the lockless freelist and zap the regular freelist.
*
* If that is not working then we fall back to the partial lists. We take the
* first element of the freelist as the object to allocate now and move the
* rest of the freelist to the lockless freelist.
*
* And if we were unable to get a new slab from the partial slab lists then
* we need to allocate a new slab. This is the slowest path since it involves
* a call to the page allocator and the setup of a new slab.
*
* Version of __slab_alloc to use when we know that interrupts are
* already disabled (which is the case for bulk allocation).
*/
static void *___slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node,
unsigned long addr, struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
void *freelist;
struct page *page;
page = c->page;
if (!page)
goto new_slab;
redo:
if (unlikely(!node_match(page, node))) {
int searchnode = node;
if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE && !node_present_pages(node))
searchnode = node_to_mem_node(node);
if (unlikely(!node_match(page, searchnode))) {
stat(s, ALLOC_NODE_MISMATCH);
deactivate_slab(s, page, c->freelist);
c->page = NULL;
c->freelist = NULL;
goto new_slab;
}
}
/*
* By rights, we should be searching for a slab page that was
* PFMEMALLOC but right now, we are losing the pfmemalloc
* information when the page leaves the per-cpu allocator
*/
if (unlikely(!pfmemalloc_match(page, gfpflags))) {
deactivate_slab(s, page, c->freelist);
c->page = NULL;
c->freelist = NULL;
goto new_slab;
}
/* must check again c->freelist in case of cpu migration or IRQ */
freelist = c->freelist;
if (freelist)
goto load_freelist;
freelist = get_freelist(s, page);
if (!freelist) {
c->page = NULL;
stat(s, DEACTIVATE_BYPASS);
goto new_slab;
}
stat(s, ALLOC_REFILL);
load_freelist:
/*
* freelist is pointing to the list of objects to be used.
* page is pointing to the page from which the objects are obtained.
* That page must be frozen for per cpu allocations to work.
*/
VM_BUG_ON(!c->page->frozen);
c->freelist = get_freepointer(s, freelist);
c->tid = next_tid(c->tid);
return freelist;
new_slab:
if (c->partial) {
page = c->page = c->partial;
c->partial = page->next;
stat(s, CPU_PARTIAL_ALLOC);
c->freelist = NULL;
goto redo;
}
freelist = new_slab_objects(s, gfpflags, node, &c);
if (unlikely(!freelist)) {
slab_out_of_memory(s, gfpflags, node);
return NULL;
}
page = c->page;
if (likely(!kmem_cache_debug(s) && pfmemalloc_match(page, gfpflags)))
goto load_freelist;
/* Only entered in the debug case */
if (kmem_cache_debug(s) &&
!alloc_debug_processing(s, page, freelist, addr))
goto new_slab; /* Slab failed checks. Next slab needed */
deactivate_slab(s, page, get_freepointer(s, freelist));
c->page = NULL;
c->freelist = NULL;
return freelist;
}
/*
* Another one that disabled interrupt and compensates for possible
* cpu changes by refetching the per cpu area pointer.
*/
static void *__slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node,
unsigned long addr, struct kmem_cache_cpu *c)
{
void *p;
unsigned long flags;
local_irq_save(flags);
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* We may have been preempted and rescheduled on a different
* cpu before disabling interrupts. Need to reload cpu area
* pointer.
*/
c = this_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab);
#endif
p = ___slab_alloc(s, gfpflags, node, addr, c);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return p;
}
/*
* Inlined fastpath so that allocation functions (kmalloc, kmem_cache_alloc)
* have the fastpath folded into their functions. So no function call
* overhead for requests that can be satisfied on the fastpath.
*
* The fastpath works by first checking if the lockless freelist can be used.
* If not then __slab_alloc is called for slow processing.
*
* Otherwise we can simply pick the next object from the lockless free list.
*/
static __always_inline void *slab_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t gfpflags, int node, unsigned long addr)
{
void *object;
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c;
struct page *page;
unsigned long tid;
s = slab_pre_alloc_hook(s, gfpflags);
if (!s)
return NULL;
redo:
/*
* Must read kmem_cache cpu data via this cpu ptr. Preemption is
* enabled. We may switch back and forth between cpus while
* reading from one cpu area. That does not matter as long
* as we end up on the original cpu again when doing the cmpxchg.
*
* We should guarantee that tid and kmem_cache are retrieved on
* the same cpu. It could be different if CONFIG_PREEMPT so we need
* to check if it is matched or not.
*/
do {
tid = this_cpu_read(s->cpu_slab->tid);
c = raw_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab);
} while (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT) &&
unlikely(tid != READ_ONCE(c->tid)));
/*
* Irqless object alloc/free algorithm used here depends on sequence
* of fetching cpu_slab's data. tid should be fetched before anything
* on c to guarantee that object and page associated with previous tid
* won't be used with current tid. If we fetch tid first, object and
* page could be one associated with next tid and our alloc/free
* request will be failed. In this case, we will retry. So, no problem.
*/
barrier();
/*
* The transaction ids are globally unique per cpu and per operation on
* a per cpu queue. Thus they can be guarantee that the cmpxchg_double
* occurs on the right processor and that there was no operation on the
* linked list in between.
*/
object = c->freelist;
page = c->page;
if (unlikely(!object || !node_match(page, node))) {
object = __slab_alloc(s, gfpflags, node, addr, c);
stat(s, ALLOC_SLOWPATH);
} else {
void *next_object = get_freepointer_safe(s, object);
/*
* The cmpxchg will only match if there was no additional
* operation and if we are on the right processor.
*
* The cmpxchg does the following atomically (without lock
* semantics!)
* 1. Relocate first pointer to the current per cpu area.
* 2. Verify that tid and freelist have not been changed
* 3. If they were not changed replace tid and freelist
*
* Since this is without lock semantics the protection is only
* against code executing on this cpu *not* from access by
* other cpus.
*/
if (unlikely(!this_cpu_cmpxchg_double(
s->cpu_slab->freelist, s->cpu_slab->tid,
object, tid,
next_object, next_tid(tid)))) {
note_cmpxchg_failure("slab_alloc", s, tid);
goto redo;
}
prefetch_freepointer(s, next_object);
stat(s, ALLOC_FASTPATH);
}
if (unlikely(gfpflags & __GFP_ZERO) && object)
memset(object, 0, s->object_size);
slab_post_alloc_hook(s, gfpflags, 1, &object);
return object;
}
static __always_inline void *slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t gfpflags, unsigned long addr)
{
return slab_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, NUMA_NO_NODE, addr);
}
void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags)
{
void *ret = slab_alloc(s, gfpflags, _RET_IP_);
trace_kmem_cache_alloc(_RET_IP_, ret, s->object_size,
s->size, gfpflags);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc);
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, size_t size)
{
void *ret = slab_alloc(s, gfpflags, _RET_IP_);
trace_kmalloc(_RET_IP_, ret, size, s->size, gfpflags);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_trace);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node)
{
void *ret = slab_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node, _RET_IP_);
trace_kmem_cache_alloc_node(_RET_IP_, ret,
s->object_size, s->size, gfpflags, node);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_node);
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t gfpflags,
int node, size_t size)
{
void *ret = slab_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node, _RET_IP_);
trace_kmalloc_node(_RET_IP_, ret,
size, s->size, gfpflags, node);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace);
#endif
#endif
/*
* Slow path handling. This may still be called frequently since objects
* have a longer lifetime than the cpu slabs in most processing loads.
*
* So we still attempt to reduce cache line usage. Just take the slab
* lock and free the item. If there is no additional partial page
* handling required then we can return immediately.
*/
static void __slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *head, void *tail, int cnt,
unsigned long addr)
{
void *prior;
int was_frozen;
struct page new;
unsigned long counters;
struct kmem_cache_node *n = NULL;
unsigned long uninitialized_var(flags);
stat(s, FREE_SLOWPATH);
if (kmem_cache_debug(s) &&
!(n = free_debug_processing(s, page, head, tail, cnt,
addr, &flags)))
return;
do {
if (unlikely(n)) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
n = NULL;
}
prior = page->freelist;
counters = page->counters;
set_freepointer(s, tail, prior);
new.counters = counters;
was_frozen = new.frozen;
new.inuse -= cnt;
if ((!new.inuse || !prior) && !was_frozen) {
if (kmem_cache_has_cpu_partial(s) && !prior) {
/*
* Slab was on no list before and will be
* partially empty
* We can defer the list move and instead
* freeze it.
*/
new.frozen = 1;
} else { /* Needs to be taken off a list */
n = get_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
/*
* Speculatively acquire the list_lock.
* If the cmpxchg does not succeed then we may
* drop the list_lock without any processing.
*
* Otherwise the list_lock will synchronize with
* other processors updating the list of slabs.
*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
}
}
} while (!cmpxchg_double_slab(s, page,
prior, counters,
head, new.counters,
"__slab_free"));
if (likely(!n)) {
/*
* If we just froze the page then put it onto the
* per cpu partial list.
*/
if (new.frozen && !was_frozen) {
put_cpu_partial(s, page, 1);
stat(s, CPU_PARTIAL_FREE);
}
/*
* The list lock was not taken therefore no list
* activity can be necessary.
*/
if (was_frozen)
stat(s, FREE_FROZEN);
return;
}
if (unlikely(!new.inuse && n->nr_partial >= s->min_partial))
goto slab_empty;
/*
* Objects left in the slab. If it was not on the partial list before
* then add it.
*/
if (!kmem_cache_has_cpu_partial(s) && unlikely(!prior)) {
if (kmem_cache_debug(s))
remove_full(s, n, page);
add_partial(n, page, DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL);
stat(s, FREE_ADD_PARTIAL);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
return;
slab_empty:
if (prior) {
/*
* Slab on the partial list.
*/
remove_partial(n, page);
stat(s, FREE_REMOVE_PARTIAL);
} else {
/* Slab must be on the full list */
remove_full(s, n, page);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
stat(s, FREE_SLAB);
discard_slab(s, page);
}
/*
* Fastpath with forced inlining to produce a kfree and kmem_cache_free that
* can perform fastpath freeing without additional function calls.
*
* The fastpath is only possible if we are freeing to the current cpu slab
* of this processor. This typically the case if we have just allocated
* the item before.
*
* If fastpath is not possible then fall back to __slab_free where we deal
* with all sorts of special processing.
*
* Bulk free of a freelist with several objects (all pointing to the
* same page) possible by specifying head and tail ptr, plus objects
* count (cnt). Bulk free indicated by tail pointer being set.
*/
static __always_inline void do_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page, void *head, void *tail,
int cnt, unsigned long addr)
{
void *tail_obj = tail ? : head;
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c;
unsigned long tid;
redo:
/*
* Determine the currently cpus per cpu slab.
* The cpu may change afterward. However that does not matter since
* data is retrieved via this pointer. If we are on the same cpu
* during the cmpxchg then the free will succeed.
*/
do {
tid = this_cpu_read(s->cpu_slab->tid);
c = raw_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab);
} while (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT) &&
unlikely(tid != READ_ONCE(c->tid)));
/* Same with comment on barrier() in slab_alloc_node() */
barrier();
if (likely(page == c->page)) {
set_freepointer(s, tail_obj, c->freelist);
if (unlikely(!this_cpu_cmpxchg_double(
s->cpu_slab->freelist, s->cpu_slab->tid,
c->freelist, tid,