UPSTREAM: dm verity: don't perform FEC for failed readahead IO

We found an issue under Android OTA scenario that many BIOs have to do
FEC where the data under dm-verity is 100% complete and no corruption.

Android OTA has many dm-block layers, from upper to lower:
dm-verity
dm-snapshot
dm-origin & dm-cow
dm-linear
ufs

DM tables have to change 2 times during Android OTA merging process.
When doing table change, the dm-snapshot will be suspended for a while.
During this interval, many readahead IOs are submitted to dm_verity
from filesystem. Then the kverity works are busy doing FEC process
which cost too much time to finish dm-verity IO. This causes needless
delay which feels like system is hung.

After adding debugging it was found that each readahead IO needed
around 10s to finish when this situation occurred. This is due to IO
amplification:

dm-snapshot suspend
erofs_readahead     // 300+ io is submitted
	dm_submit_bio (dm_verity)
		dm_submit_bio (dm_snapshot)
		bio return EIO
		bio got nothing, it's empty
	verity_end_io
	verity_verify_io
	forloop range(0, io->n_blocks)    // each io->nblocks ~= 20
		verity_fec_decode
		fec_decode_rsb
		fec_read_bufs
		forloop range(0, v->fec->rsn) // v->fec->rsn = 253
			new_read
			submit_bio (dm_snapshot)
		end loop
	end loop
dm-snapshot resume

Readahead BIOs get nothing while dm-snapshot is suspended, so all of
them will cause verity's FEC.
Each readahead BIO needs to verify ~20 (io->nblocks) blocks.
Each block needs to do FEC, and every block needs to do 253
(v->fec->rsn) reads.
So during the suspend interval(~200ms), 300 readahead BIOs trigger
~1518000 (300*20*253) IOs to dm-snapshot.

As readahead IO is not required by userspace, and to fix this issue,
it is best to pass readahead errors to upper layer to handle it.

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: a739ff3f543a ("dm verity: add support for forward error correction")
Bug: 316972624
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/dm-devel/b84fb49-bf63-3442-8c99-d565e134f2@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Wu Bo <bo.wu@vivo.com>
Reviewed-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Akilesh Kailash <akailash@google.com>
(cherry picked from commit 0193e3966ceeeef69e235975918b287ab093082b)
Change-Id: I73560e5660cebdc1997e1f9926cbb8888789eb46
1 file changed
tree: 6d91c8bf2025224770e95fcff2fe2c88df55eda7
  1. android/
  2. arch/
  3. block/
  4. certs/
  5. crypto/
  6. Documentation/
  7. drivers/
  8. fs/
  9. include/
  10. init/
  11. io_uring/
  12. ipc/
  13. kernel/
  14. lib/
  15. LICENSES/
  16. mm/
  17. net/
  18. rust/
  19. samples/
  20. scripts/
  21. security/
  22. sound/
  23. tools/
  24. usr/
  25. virt/
  26. .clang-format
  27. .cocciconfig
  28. .get_maintainer.ignore
  29. .gitattributes
  30. .gitignore
  31. .mailmap
  32. .rustfmt.toml
  33. BUILD.bazel
  34. build.config.aarch64
  35. build.config.allmodconfig
  36. build.config.allmodconfig.aarch64
  37. build.config.allmodconfig.arm
  38. build.config.allmodconfig.x86_64
  39. build.config.amlogic
  40. build.config.arm
  41. build.config.common
  42. build.config.constants
  43. build.config.crashdump
  44. build.config.crashdump.aarch64
  45. build.config.crashdump.x86_64
  46. build.config.db845c
  47. build.config.gki
  48. build.config.gki-debug.aarch64
  49. build.config.gki-debug.x86_64
  50. build.config.gki.aarch64
  51. build.config.gki.aarch64.fips140
  52. build.config.gki.riscv64
  53. build.config.gki.x86_64
  54. build.config.gki_kasan
  55. build.config.gki_kasan.aarch64
  56. build.config.gki_kasan.x86_64
  57. build.config.gki_kprobes
  58. build.config.gki_kprobes.aarch64
  59. build.config.gki_kprobes.x86_64
  60. build.config.khwasan
  61. build.config.microdroid
  62. build.config.microdroid.aarch64
  63. build.config.microdroid.x86_64
  64. build.config.riscv64
  65. build.config.rockchip
  66. build.config.rockpi4
  67. build.config.x86_64
  68. COPYING
  69. CREDITS
  70. Kbuild
  71. Kconfig
  72. Kconfig.ext
  73. MAINTAINERS
  74. Makefile
  75. modules.bzl
  76. OWNERS
  77. OWNERS_DrNo
  78. README
  79. README.md
README.md

How do I submit patches to Android Common Kernels

  1. BEST: Make all of your changes to upstream Linux. If appropriate, backport to the stable releases. These patches will be merged automatically in the corresponding common kernels. If the patch is already in upstream Linux, post a backport of the patch that conforms to the patch requirements below.

    • Do not send patches upstream that contain only symbol exports. To be considered for upstream Linux, additions of EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL() require an in-tree modular driver that uses the symbol -- so include the new driver or changes to an existing driver in the same patchset as the export.
    • When sending patches upstream, the commit message must contain a clear case for why the patch is needed and beneficial to the community. Enabling out-of-tree drivers or functionality is not not a persuasive case.
  2. LESS GOOD: Develop your patches out-of-tree (from an upstream Linux point-of-view). Unless these are fixing an Android-specific bug, these are very unlikely to be accepted unless they have been coordinated with kernel-team@android.com. If you want to proceed, post a patch that conforms to the patch requirements below.

Common Kernel patch requirements

  • All patches must conform to the Linux kernel coding standards and pass scripts/checkpatch.pl
  • Patches shall not break gki_defconfig or allmodconfig builds for arm, arm64, x86, x86_64 architectures (see https://source.android.com/setup/build/building-kernels)
  • If the patch is not merged from an upstream branch, the subject must be tagged with the type of patch: UPSTREAM:, BACKPORT:, FROMGIT:, FROMLIST:, or ANDROID:.
  • All patches must have a Change-Id: tag (see https://gerrit-review.googlesource.com/Documentation/user-changeid.html)
  • If an Android bug has been assigned, there must be a Bug: tag.
  • All patches must have a Signed-off-by: tag by the author and the submitter

Additional requirements are listed below based on patch type

Requirements for backports from mainline Linux: UPSTREAM:, BACKPORT:

  • If the patch is a cherry-pick from Linux mainline with no changes at all
    • tag the patch subject with UPSTREAM:.
    • add upstream commit information with a (cherry picked from commit ...) line
    • Example:
      • if the upstream commit message is
        important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>
  • then Joe Smith would upload the patch for the common kernel as
        UPSTREAM: important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

        Bug: 135791357
        Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
        (cherry picked from commit c31e73121f4c1ec41143423ac6ce3ce6dafdcec1)
        Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
  • If the patch requires any changes from the upstream version, tag the patch with BACKPORT: instead of UPSTREAM:.
    • use the same tags as UPSTREAM:
    • add comments about the changes under the (cherry picked from commit ...) line
    • Example:
        BACKPORT: important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

        Bug: 135791357
        Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
        (cherry picked from commit c31e73121f4c1ec41143423ac6ce3ce6dafdcec1)
        [joe: Resolved minor conflict in drivers/foo/bar.c ]
        Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>

Requirements for other backports: FROMGIT:, FROMLIST:,

  • If the patch has been merged into an upstream maintainer tree, but has not yet been merged into Linux mainline
    • tag the patch subject with FROMGIT:
    • add info on where the patch came from as (cherry picked from commit <sha1> <repo> <branch>). This must be a stable maintainer branch (not rebased, so don't use linux-next for example).
    • if changes were required, use BACKPORT: FROMGIT:
    • Example:
      • if the commit message in the maintainer tree is
        important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>
  • then Joe Smith would upload the patch for the common kernel as
        FROMGIT: important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

        Bug: 135791357
        (cherry picked from commit 878a2fd9de10b03d11d2f622250285c7e63deace
         https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/foo/bar.git test-branch)
        Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
        Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
  • If the patch has been submitted to LKML, but not accepted into any maintainer tree
    • tag the patch subject with FROMLIST:
    • add a Link: tag with a link to the submittal on lore.kernel.org
    • add a Bug: tag with the Android bug (required for patches not accepted into a maintainer tree)
    • if changes were required, use BACKPORT: FROMLIST:
    • Example:
        FROMLIST: important patch from upstream

        This is the detailed description of the important patch

        Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

        Bug: 135791357
        Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190619171517.GA17557@someone.com/
        Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
        Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>

Requirements for Android-specific patches: ANDROID:

  • If the patch is fixing a bug to Android-specific code
    • tag the patch subject with ANDROID:
    • add a Fixes: tag that cites the patch with the bug
    • Example:
        ANDROID: fix android-specific bug in foobar.c

        This is the detailed description of the important fix

        Fixes: 1234abcd2468 ("foobar: add cool feature")
        Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
        Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
  • If the patch is a new feature
    • tag the patch subject with ANDROID:
    • add a Bug: tag with the Android bug (required for android-specific features)