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/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid,
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
#ifndef _LINUX_BPF_H
#define _LINUX_BPF_H 1
#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/rbtree_latch.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
struct perf_event;
struct bpf_prog;
struct bpf_map;
/* map is generic key/value storage optionally accesible by eBPF programs */
struct bpf_map_ops {
/* funcs callable from userspace (via syscall) */
struct bpf_map *(*map_alloc)(union bpf_attr *attr);
void (*map_release)(struct bpf_map *map, struct file *map_file);
void (*map_free)(struct bpf_map *map);
int (*map_get_next_key)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key);
void (*map_release_uref)(struct bpf_map *map);
void *(*map_lookup_elem_sys_only)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key);
/* funcs callable from userspace and from eBPF programs */
void *(*map_lookup_elem)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key);
int (*map_update_elem)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value, u64 flags);
int (*map_delete_elem)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key);
/* funcs called by prog_array and perf_event_array map */
void *(*map_fd_get_ptr)(struct bpf_map *map, struct file *map_file,
int fd);
void (*map_fd_put_ptr)(void *ptr);
u32 (*map_gen_lookup)(struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_insn *insn_buf);
u32 (*map_fd_sys_lookup_elem)(void *ptr);
struct bpf_map {
/* 1st cacheline with read-mostly members of which some
* are also accessed in fast-path (e.g. ops, max_entries).
const struct bpf_map_ops *ops ____cacheline_aligned;
struct bpf_map *inner_map_meta;
void *security;
enum bpf_map_type map_type;
u32 key_size;
u32 value_size;
u32 max_entries;
u32 map_flags;
u32 pages;
u32 id;
int numa_node;
bool unpriv_array;
/* 7 bytes hole */
/* 2nd cacheline with misc members to avoid false sharing
* particularly with refcounting.
struct user_struct *user ____cacheline_aligned;
atomic_t refcnt;
atomic_t usercnt;
struct work_struct work;
/* function argument constraints */
enum bpf_arg_type {
ARG_DONTCARE = 0, /* unused argument in helper function */
/* the following constraints used to prototype
* bpf_map_lookup/update/delete_elem() functions
ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR, /* const argument used as pointer to bpf_map */
ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_KEY, /* pointer to stack used as map key */
ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE, /* pointer to stack used as map value */
/* the following constraints used to prototype bpf_memcmp() and other
* functions that access data on eBPF program stack
ARG_PTR_TO_MEM, /* pointer to valid memory (stack, packet, map value) */
ARG_PTR_TO_UNINIT_MEM, /* pointer to memory does not need to be initialized,
* helper function must fill all bytes or clear
* them in error case.
ARG_CONST_SIZE, /* number of bytes accessed from memory */
ARG_CONST_SIZE_OR_ZERO, /* number of bytes accessed from memory or 0 */
ARG_PTR_TO_CTX, /* pointer to context */
ARG_ANYTHING, /* any (initialized) argument is ok */
/* type of values returned from helper functions */
enum bpf_return_type {
RET_INTEGER, /* function returns integer */
RET_VOID, /* function doesn't return anything */
RET_PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL, /* returns a pointer to map elem value or NULL */
/* eBPF function prototype used by verifier to allow BPF_CALLs from eBPF programs
* to in-kernel helper functions and for adjusting imm32 field in BPF_CALL
* instructions after verifying
struct bpf_func_proto {
u64 (*func)(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
bool gpl_only;
bool pkt_access;
enum bpf_return_type ret_type;
enum bpf_arg_type arg1_type;
enum bpf_arg_type arg2_type;
enum bpf_arg_type arg3_type;
enum bpf_arg_type arg4_type;
enum bpf_arg_type arg5_type;
/* bpf_context is intentionally undefined structure. Pointer to bpf_context is
* the first argument to eBPF programs.
* For socket filters: 'struct bpf_context *' == 'struct sk_buff *'
struct bpf_context;
enum bpf_access_type {
/* types of values stored in eBPF registers */
/* Pointer types represent:
* pointer
* pointer + imm
* pointer + (u16) var
* pointer + (u16) var + imm
* if (range > 0) then [ptr, ptr + range - off) is safe to access
* if (id > 0) means that some 'var' was added
* if (off > 0) means that 'imm' was added
enum bpf_reg_type {
NOT_INIT = 0, /* nothing was written into register */
SCALAR_VALUE, /* reg doesn't contain a valid pointer */
PTR_TO_CTX, /* reg points to bpf_context */
CONST_PTR_TO_MAP, /* reg points to struct bpf_map */
PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE, /* reg points to map element value */
PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL,/* points to map elem value or NULL */
PTR_TO_STACK, /* reg == frame_pointer + offset */
PTR_TO_PACKET, /* reg points to skb->data */
PTR_TO_PACKET_END, /* skb->data + headlen */
/* The information passed from prog-specific *_is_valid_access
* back to the verifier.
struct bpf_insn_access_aux {
enum bpf_reg_type reg_type;
int ctx_field_size;
static inline void
bpf_ctx_record_field_size(struct bpf_insn_access_aux *aux, u32 size)
aux->ctx_field_size = size;
struct bpf_verifier_ops {
/* return eBPF function prototype for verification */
const struct bpf_func_proto *(*get_func_proto)(enum bpf_func_id func_id);
/* return true if 'size' wide access at offset 'off' within bpf_context
* with 'type' (read or write) is allowed
bool (*is_valid_access)(int off, int size, enum bpf_access_type type,
struct bpf_insn_access_aux *info);
int (*gen_prologue)(struct bpf_insn *insn, bool direct_write,
const struct bpf_prog *prog);
u32 (*convert_ctx_access)(enum bpf_access_type type,
const struct bpf_insn *src,
struct bpf_insn *dst,
struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 *target_size);
int (*test_run)(struct bpf_prog *prog, const union bpf_attr *kattr,
union bpf_attr __user *uattr);
struct bpf_prog_aux {
atomic_t refcnt;
u32 used_map_cnt;
u32 max_ctx_offset;
u32 stack_depth;
u32 id;
struct latch_tree_node ksym_tnode;
struct list_head ksym_lnode;
const struct bpf_verifier_ops *ops;
struct bpf_map **used_maps;
struct bpf_prog *prog;
struct user_struct *user;
void *security;
union {
struct work_struct work;
struct rcu_head rcu;
struct bpf_array {
struct bpf_map map;
u32 elem_size;
u32 index_mask;
/* 'ownership' of prog_array is claimed by the first program that
* is going to use this map or by the first program which FD is stored
* in the map to make sure that all callers and callees have the same
* prog_type and JITed flag
enum bpf_prog_type owner_prog_type;
bool owner_jited;
union {
char value[0] __aligned(8);
void *ptrs[0] __aligned(8);
void __percpu *pptrs[0] __aligned(8);
#define MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT 32
struct bpf_event_entry {
struct perf_event *event;
struct file *perf_file;
struct file *map_file;
struct rcu_head rcu;
u64 bpf_tail_call(u64 ctx, u64 r2, u64 index, u64 r4, u64 r5);
u64 bpf_get_stackid(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
bool bpf_prog_array_compatible(struct bpf_array *array, const struct bpf_prog *fp);
int bpf_prog_calc_tag(struct bpf_prog *fp);
const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_get_trace_printk_proto(void);
typedef unsigned long (*bpf_ctx_copy_t)(void *dst, const void *src,
unsigned long off, unsigned long len);
u64 bpf_event_output(struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags, void *meta, u64 meta_size,
void *ctx, u64 ctx_size, bpf_ctx_copy_t ctx_copy);
int bpf_prog_test_run_xdp(struct bpf_prog *prog, const union bpf_attr *kattr,
union bpf_attr __user *uattr);
int bpf_prog_test_run_skb(struct bpf_prog *prog, const union bpf_attr *kattr,
union bpf_attr __user *uattr);
DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_prog_active);
extern const struct file_operations bpf_map_fops;
extern const struct file_operations bpf_prog_fops;
#define BPF_PROG_TYPE(_id, _ops) \
extern const struct bpf_verifier_ops _ops;
#define BPF_MAP_TYPE(_id, _ops) \
extern const struct bpf_map_ops _ops;
#include <linux/bpf_types.h>
struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd);
struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get_type(u32 ufd, enum bpf_prog_type type);
struct bpf_prog * __must_check bpf_prog_add(struct bpf_prog *prog, int i);
void bpf_prog_sub(struct bpf_prog *prog, int i);
struct bpf_prog * __must_check bpf_prog_inc(struct bpf_prog *prog);
struct bpf_prog * __must_check bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(struct bpf_prog *prog);
void bpf_prog_put(struct bpf_prog *prog);
int __bpf_prog_charge(struct user_struct *user, u32 pages);
void __bpf_prog_uncharge(struct user_struct *user, u32 pages);
struct bpf_map *bpf_map_get_with_uref(u32 ufd);
struct bpf_map *__bpf_map_get(struct fd f);
struct bpf_map * __must_check bpf_map_inc(struct bpf_map *map, bool uref);
void bpf_map_put_with_uref(struct bpf_map *map);
void bpf_map_put(struct bpf_map *map);
int bpf_map_precharge_memlock(u32 pages);
void *bpf_map_area_alloc(size_t size, int numa_node);
void bpf_map_area_free(void *base);
extern int sysctl_unprivileged_bpf_disabled;
int bpf_map_new_fd(struct bpf_map *map, int flags);
int bpf_prog_new_fd(struct bpf_prog *prog);
int bpf_obj_pin_user(u32 ufd, const char __user *pathname);
int bpf_obj_get_user(const char __user *pathname, int flags);
int bpf_percpu_hash_copy(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value);
int bpf_percpu_array_copy(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value);
int bpf_percpu_hash_update(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
u64 flags);
int bpf_percpu_array_update(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
u64 flags);
int bpf_stackmap_copy(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value);
int bpf_fd_array_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, struct file *map_file,
void *key, void *value, u64 map_flags);
int bpf_fd_array_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u32 *value);
int bpf_fd_htab_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, struct file *map_file,
void *key, void *value, u64 map_flags);
int bpf_fd_htab_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u32 *value);
int bpf_get_file_flag(int flags);
/* memcpy that is used with 8-byte aligned pointers, power-of-8 size and
* forced to use 'long' read/writes to try to atomically copy long counters.
* Best-effort only. No barriers here, since it _will_ race with concurrent
* updates from BPF programs. Called from bpf syscall and mostly used with
* size 8 or 16 bytes, so ask compiler to inline it.
static inline void bpf_long_memcpy(void *dst, const void *src, u32 size)
const long *lsrc = src;
long *ldst = dst;
size /= sizeof(long);
while (size--)
*ldst++ = *lsrc++;
/* verify correctness of eBPF program */
int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog **fp, union bpf_attr *attr);
struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get_type_path(const char *name, enum bpf_prog_type type);
/* Map specifics */
struct net_device *__dev_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key);
void __dev_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index);
void __dev_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map);
/* Return map's numa specified by userspace */
static inline int bpf_map_attr_numa_node(const union bpf_attr *attr)
return (attr->map_flags & BPF_F_NUMA_NODE) ?
attr->numa_node : NUMA_NO_NODE;
static inline struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd)
static inline struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get_type(u32 ufd,
enum bpf_prog_type type)
static inline struct bpf_prog * __must_check bpf_prog_add(struct bpf_prog *prog,
int i)
static inline void bpf_prog_sub(struct bpf_prog *prog, int i)
static inline void bpf_prog_put(struct bpf_prog *prog)
static inline struct bpf_prog * __must_check bpf_prog_inc(struct bpf_prog *prog)
static inline struct bpf_prog *__must_check
bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(struct bpf_prog *prog)
static inline int __bpf_prog_charge(struct user_struct *user, u32 pages)
return 0;
static inline void __bpf_prog_uncharge(struct user_struct *user, u32 pages)
static inline int bpf_obj_get_user(const char __user *pathname, int flags)
static inline struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get_type_path(const char *name,
enum bpf_prog_type type)
static inline struct net_device *__dev_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map,
u32 key)
return NULL;
static inline void __dev_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
static inline void __dev_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map)
struct sock *__sock_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key);
int sock_map_prog(struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 type);
static inline struct sock *__sock_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key)
return NULL;
static inline int sock_map_prog(struct bpf_map *map,
struct bpf_prog *prog,
u32 type)
/* verifier prototypes for helper functions called from eBPF programs */
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_lookup_elem_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_update_elem_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_delete_elem_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_prandom_u32_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_smp_processor_id_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_numa_node_id_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_tail_call_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_ns_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_pid_tgid_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_uid_gid_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_comm_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_skb_vlan_push_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_skb_vlan_pop_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_stackid_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_sock_map_update_proto;
/* Shared helpers among cBPF and eBPF. */
void bpf_user_rnd_init_once(void);
u64 bpf_user_rnd_u32(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
#endif /* _LINUX_BPF_H */